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Church of the 'Brethren 


^ntsaf^i, 1922 

NO. 1 








! The Mission Study Courses 


Christian Heroism, by Royer, ....75c 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by 
Price, 75c 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Shepard of Aintab, by Riggs, $ .75 

The Book of Personal Work, by Faris, 1.25 

Argonauts of Faith, by Matthews, 1.50 

Sadhu Sundar Singh, by Parker, 1.15 



Price 50c 

Price 60c 


(The term Junior is inclusive of all between primary and adult age) 

Primary Folks at Mission Study, by Eisenbise, $.50 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— China, CO 

Junior Folks at Mission Study — India, by Berkebile, 60 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth, 5-60 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake, 7S 

Frank Higgins,' the Trail Blazer, by Whittles, 75 

Stories from Far Away, by Pierce and Northrop, L25 

For further information address General Mission Board, Elgin, III. 
To order books address Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIV 

JANUARY, 1922 

No. 1 



i The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 

| eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 

i two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 

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iscriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 
! Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 

every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 4 

| Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 

i Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request the Visitor will be sent to 

I ministers of the Church of the Brethren. All ministers' subscriptions are now being entered 

to expire December, 1923, when they should renew their request for the Visitor. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 
j To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 

I asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 

I possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications .regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Contents for January, 1922 


EDITOR'S NOTES, By Sadie J. Miller, 3 


As Things Look Around Home, By Wilbur Brenner Stover, 4 

Mr. Ghandi and Home Rule in India, By E. H. Eby, 5 

The Agricultural Outlook in India, By Arthur S. B. Miller, 6 

Babies in India, By Ida Himmelsbaugh, 9 

Facing Our Task, By Fred M. Hollenberg, 10 

The Prohibition Reform in India, By A. T. Hoffert, 11 

Nursing in India, By Jennie Mohler, 14 

Our Social Problems, By J. M. Blough, 16 

Christ and the Social Life of Our Non-Christian Neighbors, By C. G. 

Shull, 17 

India Notes for October, 1921, By H. L. Alley, 19 


The School for Mexican Children at Falfurrias, Texas, By Grant Mahan, 20 

From Our Daily Mail, 22 


By the Evening Lamp, 23 

Bring the Nut Cracker, : .27 





The Missionary Visitor 



The General Mission Board met in 
December session Dec. 28-29. Bro. H. C. 
Early, chairman of the Board, was unable 
to be present on account of Sister Early's 
illness. This is the first meeting in twenty 
years that Bro. Early has missed, except- 
ing the meetings held while he was abroad. 
Many items of business were considered, 
but we can write of just a few on this page. 

Reports from the Fields 

The China Mission has just had its An- 
nual Meeting and it presented much busi- 
ness. The baptizing of new converts, which 
was slowed down during famine time, has 
again become an active part of the work. 
Many who would enter the church must be 
taught before they have an adequate con- 
ception of the Christian life. Both fields 
are in an era of progress, and the workers 
are puzzled to know how best to meet the 
present financial situation. 

105 a*-* 

The Financial Situation 

The Emergency Fund has reached $30,- 
000, and for this we are glad. We realize 
that many people are depressed financially, 
and we want to commend those who have 
given at a real sacrifice. We believe that 
gifts will continue to come, so that the 
crisis may be met somewhat adequately. 

It was suggested that many churches are 
desirous of supporting a missionary or of 
doing some special thing for which they are 
waiting. Perhaps the teaching has been 
wrong, or else we do not fully understand. 
We know of one treasurer, who holds $600 
which has accumulated, waiting for a mis- 
sionary to support. We could secure sup- 
port for many missionaries in a short time, 
but we are in need of tuncls to buy the 
tools; i. e., ship passage, houses to live in, 
school buildings for teaching, medical at- 
tention, books, boarding-school expenses 
and the like, so the missionary can .carry 
on his work. If churches would understand 
these things they would be just as willing 
to give for World-wide Missions, from 
which fund the general expense is paid, as 
to support a particular missionary. It may 

be a bit of selfishness that makes us will- 
ing to do the one and not the other. 

The Africa Field 

The opening of this field seems nearer 
than it has been. There appears to be an 
open field in northern and eastern Nigeria. 
As the name of this province implies, this 
is the home of the wholly-black man. The 
Board has yet to approach the British 
Government, regarding entrance to this 
territory, and other mission societies, which 
occupy a portion of Nigeria, regarding a 
working cooperation with them. Of course, 
further investigation is to be made as to 
the suitability of this field. The Board was 
fortunate to have Dr. Melvin Fraser, of the 
Presbyterian Mission, present at its session. 
Dr. Fraser has been a missionary for twen- 
ty-seven years in Kamerun district, which 
is just south of Nigeria. The need of 
stemming the Mohammedan advance from 
the north is very great. It will certainly 
not be an easy task — but most needful. 

Doing Relief Work 

The urgent need for funds to carry on 
mission work in the saving of spiritual life 
has somewhat deterred the Board, in recent 
months, from making aggressive campaigns 
for physical relief. Nevertheless the Board 
is receiving, and desires to encourage 
churches in giving, relief for physical suf- 
fering, especially in Russia and the Near 
East. By sending your gifts through the 
General Mission Board our church is given 
proper credit for the relief work. 

Saving Our Children to the Church 

This work, which was referred to the 
General Mission Board by the 1920 Con- 
ference, was considered. The secretary of 
the Christian Workers' Board was asked 
to cooperate with the Home Mission Secre- 
tary in working on this question. 

Special India Number 

We are indebted to our India missionaries 
for material, and especially to Sadie J. Mil- 
ler, as special editor of this India number 
of the Visitor. 


The Missionary Visitor 

S. J. Miller 

The rainfall in India this year was very- 
late, but better late than never. Not until 
the last of July did monsoon really come, 
but almost everywhere there has been a 
heavy rainfall, considerably above normal. 
As is so often the case, there are always 
those who are ready to complain, and many 
would have had it end before it did, say- 
ing, " Now we have had enough." Crops 
look good, and the desperately poor, hav- 
ing prospects of grain, have ceased their 
cry for help. 

In this issue is an article on Gnandi-ism, 
which has to do with unrest in India. We 
feel sure that his element will lose out as 
time goes on. A splendid number of 
sensible Indians stand loyal to the British 
Government and are not afraid to give their 
reasons why India is not yet ready to rule 

Vocational schools are more and more 
becoming prominent, and missions have an 
important part in this. India is gradually 
coming to see the dignity of labor and the 
need of men knowing more than just one. 
kind of work to do. Few of our boys will be 
without knowledge of some trade along 
with their education when it is completed. 
This will set them on an independent basis 
as time goes on. There is much talk of a 
vocational school for girls in Gujerat. 

Many of India's women, too, are coming 
to the front. The work of the Y. W. C. A., 
as well as the W. C. T. U., is bringing for- 
ward some talent that is encouraging. 
Even the vote for women has been hinted 
the last year. 

Another encouraging feature in this land 
is the progressive campaign in the temper- 
ance, cause. Pussyfoot Johnson is now 
touring India and meeting with much suc- 
cess in his work of showing how the 
United States became dry and the great ad- 
vantage of it. Very frequently the daily 
papers have columns of articles on pro- 
hibition, and there are many Englishmen 
who take exception to these and fear much 

that this land may become dry. They ac- 
cuse the people who work for prohibition 
of being fanatics and belonging to the few. 
They declare the prohibitionists try to de- 
prive them of their "personal liberty." They 
do not believe that personal liberty em- 
boldens them to drink a less or greater 
quantity of that which undermines their 
health and unfits them for intelligent serv- 
ice; renders them a menace to their families 
and neighbors as well as a reproach to all 
who know them. The drunkard as well as 
the tobacco user never stops to ask pardon 
of the innocent children and unsuspecting 
youth and grown people, many of whom 
detest even the odor of liquor and the 
fumes of tobacco. 

Infant welfare work also is a live question 
among us. Some of the boarding schools 
already have benefited from the physical 
examinations held for children. The tre- 
mendous and alarming death rate in India, 
among children under five years of age, will 
be greatly reduced when once the infant 
welfare workers are properly organized. 

The Babies' home, conducted in our own 
mission, shows what can be done for chil- 
dren who otherwise would be left to die. The 
Methodist missionaries have opened two 
babies' homes recently in North' India. Miss 
Watson, of the Women's Foreign Mission- 
ary Society, from Kansas, has been in India 
this year, touring throughout the empire. 
This society has a program booked to be 
held in Lucknow, with some timely sub- 
jects, and doubtless it will be a great step 
forward for the Methodists in India, es- 
pecially in work among women of this 

There is a great demand for lady phy- 
sicians in India. More than any other 
country, perhaps, in the world, must women 
be cared for by women doctors. The pur- 
dah system is perhaps the first cause of 
this sensitiveness and absolute refusal to be 
attended by a man doctor. Many are left 
to die because they cannot, as. they put it, 
have a male doctor attend them. This also 
is the cause of the deplorable death rate of 
infants and mothers having no trained 
hand to care for them at the most critical 


The Missionary Visitor 



times in life. Midwives are cruel and posi- 
tively untrained, doing most ridiculous 
things without the slightest fear of taking 
life. -There are 100,000,000 women in India 
and only 159 women doctors. Is this not 
a call to challenge the attention of every 
Christian doctor or nurse? 

Recently there were baptized, in the Amer- 
ican Marathi Mission, an influential Moham- 
medan gentleman whose grandfather was 
the head of the. Nizam's army, for which 
service he received certain lands, now in 
this Christian man's possession. It is said 
that for forty years he was studying the 
Bible, with a view to launching objections 
against it. His study had the opposite 

result, having drawn him to Christ. Some 
days ago he had a dream, in which Christ 
said to him, " How long are you going to 
be against me?" Concluding that Christ 
was calling him to become his disciple, he 
decided in the end openly to confess Christ 
by public baptism, which took place at a 
weekly prayer meeting, with several Mo- 
hammedans present. What a comment on 
the Bible and its wonderful influence on 
man! At the same time the uprising in 
South India among the Moplahs was going 
on. If these jungle tribes could have had 
the influence, of the Bible instead of the 
teaching which led them to take life, what 
a difference it would mean to them and 
India now! 

As Things Look Around Home 


AFTER being absent for a long period 
of years, one is able to get a rather 
disentangled and perhaps clear view 
of things at home, when he returns again. 
This view ought to. have, a real value. 

These are the days of large thinking and 
acting. We are not thinking of a small 
locality or neighborhood, but of the world 
and its evangelization. Our prayers and 
our thoughts are challenged to be. large. 
Our energies must be strenuous. Our plans 
must reach beyond the borders of what we 
have been doing. 

In the whole mass of people, especially 
of Christian people, each group contributes 
towards the religious progress of all, ac- 
cording to its faith or intelligence or other- 
wise expressible ability. We must make 
our contribution, and we must be making it 
now. The greatest missionary society in 
England has the rule, long established, that 
it never turns down a qualified applicant 
for the foreign field. It seems to me that 
the psychological moment has arrived when 
we must open a new mission field. But we 
have not the money? Perhaps that is part 
of the. argument for the psychological mo- 
ment. We must keep on planting anew, as 
well as cultivating the old. If I can sense 
the situation, WE MUST. 

Right round about us are sleeping oppor- 
tunities. We are. sleeping, I fear, while the 
opportunities are slipping. The strangers 
within our door are a painfully important 
opportunity, and we have done precious 
little to help solve their problem, as for- 
eigners. We ought to be winning them. 
Our spirit of brotherhood, ought to help or 
go a long way to win them, but, somehow 
or other, it is not functioning after this 
fashion. There are, for example, about 200,- 
000 Syrians in the United States. Those 
of them who are Protestants do not feel at 
home among our Protestant peoples, while 
those who are. Catholic seem easily to af- 
filiate with the Church of Rome here. The 
story of others is quite similar, and best 
of all, these folks are all eager to talk on 
religious subjects, and be talked to, in the 
proper spirit. It seems we are not doing 

Long since, I have seen that our student- 
preachers are up against it during vaca- 
tions, as to what to do. And they want to 
make preaching their life work, and the 
churches want pastors. Why not discover 
that two and two make four? Why not 
every congregation that has not a pastor 
already, correspond, in this month of Janu- 
ary, with one of our colleges, and secure a 


The Missionary Visitor 

pastor for a summer pastorate? A number 
of sisters now are arranging to hold vaca- 
tion Bible Schools, which is fine. Now why 
not get brethren to hold a summer pastor- 
ate? Perhaps the regular pastor would 
profit greatly by spending a term at the 
summer school. Then even the congre- 
gation that has a pastor could use one. of 
the preacher-students in the summer pastor- 
ate. He could help the sisters in the vaca- 

tion Bible School, though that would not 
be his job. He could hold a two weeks' 
series of meetings, perhaps. And he might 
be given the privilege of earning something 
extra during harvest season in the harvest 
field. It appears to me the churches gener- 
ally ought to want to help our young men 
to become what we wish them to be, 
preachers, and not permit them to train for 
the ministry by selling maps and stuff, un- 
less they absolutely want to do it that way. 

Mr. Ghandi and Home Rule in India 

E. H. EBY 

POLITICAL unrest, so prevalent 
throughout the world, is shared to a 
great extent by India. The outstand- 
ing figure in Indian anti-government agi- 
tation is Mr. Ghandi, a religio-political 
leader, who has won his position of un- 
equaled influence by playing on the religious 
susceptibilities of the masses and turning 
them in the direction of unthinking patri- 
otism. By his simple living and acts of 
self-denial for the sake of his people he is 
accorded the title, " Mahatma," or the Great 
Spirit. He first came before his people with 
his message of " Satyagrahi," or the com- 
prehension of truth, by which alone peace 
and happiness can come to a nation. 

This doctrine soon crystallized into that 
of " asahkar," or noncooperation with the 
British Government by nonviolent means as 
the only road to " swaraj," or "home rule." 
The way to self-government was said to be 
very simple and could be attained within a 
year (ending Sept. 30, 1921), viz.: 

1. Cultivate the spirit of nonviolence — do 
not resist by force. 2. Set up a congress 
form of government in every village. 3. 
Boycott foreign-made cloth, get a spinning 
wheel into every home in the country and 
have all the cloth needed woven by the vil- 
lage weavers. 4. Collect ten million rupees 
as a home-rule fund. 5. Promote Hindu- 
Moslem unity, thus presenting a united 
front to the government. 6. Rid Hinduism 
of the curse of untouchability ; i. e., get rid 
of the caste system. 7. Purify the lives of 
the people by abstinence, from drinking tea 

and liquors of all kinds, as these are closely 
related to foreign influences and revenues. 
8. Get the youth of the land to withdraw 
from all government schools, and to at- 
tend national schools, which were prom- 
ised to them (a few have been started). 
8. All Indian government officials and em- 
ployees to repudiate any titles of honor and 
to quit government employ. 

These nonviolent measures were to ef- 
fectually cripple the government, make it 
inoperative, and so usher in the great day 
of " home rule." One after another these 
measures were put before the public and 
great waves of patriotic enthusiasm carried 
them forward for a time, only to die down 
into complete or partial failure. However, 
success crowned Mr. Ghandi's efforts to 
collect the ten-million-rupee campaign fund, 
though that includes unpaid pledges and a 
large amount expended in collecting. Fifty 
thousands students left the government 
schools in Bengal, but few of whom found 
room in the. new national schools. Hence, 
the career of many young men is blighted 
for life. 

The prohibition movement has resolved 
itself into a scheme of picketing the liquor 
shops. Violence often is resorted to in 
their eagerness to keep men from going to 
the saloons. Revenue has been greatly af- 
fected in places and licenses have either 
been unsold or given at reduced prices. 
Great quantities of foreign cloth have been 
burned in public bonfires amidst the. enthu- 
siastic shouts of " Victory to Ghandi, the 

The Missionary Visitor 


Great Spirit." But the price of home-made 
cloth l^as risen to heights unreachable by 
the poor people, nor is the supply at all 
sufficient. Hence Mr. Ghandi has bidden 
his followers to wear only a loin cloth and 
to dispense with coats. He himself set the 

example. Little headway is being made in 
eliminating caste, without which he himself 
says home rule is impossible. 

Recent violent outbreaks show how diffi- 
cult it is to keep the people to nonviolent 
methods. Home rule is not in sight. 

The Agricultural Outlook in India 


ALTHOUGH India is only one-third 
the area of the United States, it has 
three times the number of people 
living within its borders, which is only an- 
other way of saying that there are nine 
times the number of people living upon 
one square mile of land that we find in the 
United States. This would be a perfectly 
fair comparison, agriculturally speaking, if 
the distribution of the people of the two 
countries were the same, but it is not. In 
America over fifty per cent of the people 
live in cities, which means that that nation 
does more business than just cultivating 
the soil. In India we find three-fourths 
of the population trying to make a liveli- 
hood from the soil; so, taking this fact into 
consideration, we can easily see that the 
rural population of India is even more than 
nine times as. great as we find in the home- 
land. This means that India has a one- 
sided industry — namely, agriculture. 

Not only are the people of India largely 
rural, living outside of cities, but the coun- 
try population is not scattered throughout 
the land in individual households, dotted 
here and there, but they live in villages, 
which are in size from a dozen dwellings 
to one thousand population. There are 
over 715,000 such villages in this land. Re- 
gardless of where a farmer's land is, al- 
most without exception he has his dwelling 
in one of these villages, whence he manages 
the cultivation of his fields. This system 
of habitation necessitates more or less loss 
of time to the cultivator in going to and 
from his fields, which may be one, two or 
more miles from the village. Not only 
that, but usually these fields ar,e, not in one 
compact plot, but in a number of small 

tracts, which adds to the difficulty of 

It would not be. expected that, under 
such conditions, where the land is far from 
the base of action, is scattered and in little 
plots, the holdings usually being quite 
small, the people would be very well-to-do. 
And so India is just what we might expect. 
The people are exceedingly poor. One 
authority says that not one individual in 
fifty knows what it is to get more than one 
meal a day, except in times of plenty. 
There is no such thing as capital in the 
cultivator's vocabulary. He lives from hand 
to mouth when there is anything in the 
hand, otherwise he just exists. His imple- 
ments (consisting of a country plow and a 
bullock hoe), plus a pair of oxen and per- 
haps a cart for hauling, are luxuries to the 
Indian farmer. 

This individual is a victim of circum- 
stances. When planting time, comes he has 
no seed, for he was compelled to sell it all 
at the previous harvest time to pay his 
debts. Then at the time, for putting out the 
crop he has to go back to his ever-faith- 
ful friend, the money lender. But who is 
this new character? you ask. He is the 
fellow who has money to loan, and he is 
always looking for borrowers. Once a 
farmer gets a loan from him he can always 
expect to be a debtor. Let me relate two 

Two men step into a dwelling. In the 
room is a man lying upon a bed. He is 
thin, weak and sick unto death. One look 
is enough to convince the newcomers that 
he is in the last stages of tuberculosis. By 
his bedside are three well-dressed men. 
One of the callers presents a piece of paper. 
The two men by the bedside take the docu- 


The Missionary Visitor 


These boys are in 


merit, step back to the bedside, gently raise 
the invalid to a sitting position, and, hand- 
ing him a pen dipped in ink, watch eagerly 
what he writes. But why does the sick man 
hesitate? Is this his will? Are these who 
so gently support him 
angels of mercy? He 
pauses because he knows 
that he is upon his death- 
bed and the writing of 
his name on that paper 
will make his family 
heirs to a debt which 
will last forever. This 
is not a will. These 
angels of mercy happen 
to be of the most 
unmerciful type of man- 
hood in India — the mon- 
ey lender. It is a name 
which makes the poor 
man shudder. The three 
men who last entered the 
room have come to buy the last piece, of land 
of the patient, and are prepared to pay the 
purchase price, a fair sum. The other two 
are there to collect the money in payment 
of a debt. The sad side of this is that the 
sale price of the land does not cover the 
obligation. The weak, helpless man lies 
down with a groan. How pitiful! 

A village evangelistic worker went to a 
certain village and relates the following 
story: "A poor man came to see me, He 
was very joyful. I asked him, ' What is 
the matter?' He said: 'Do you know what 
happened? All my debts have been paid. 
I had an animal. I sold him for ninety ru- 
pees and cleared all my debts. Here I have 
a receipt/ I read the receipt once, twice, 
and the third time. I said: 'My friend, 
what is this? The receipt says nothing 
about the debts having been paid. It says 
that you still owe one hundred and 
fifty rupees.' I read it 10 him. He could 
not believe it. The man, sixty years old, 
began to weep like a baby. He could not 
stand this disappointment, but went insane. 
His son and I went to the money lender. 
The son wanted to kill him. I got the 
money lender to reduce the debt to one 
hundred rupees. That is poverty, that 
is indebtedness, that is oppression." 

I had often heard in the homeland stories 
of the pioneer on the frontier and his diffi- 
culties in getting loans at reasonable rates 
of interest, but those incidents were picnics 
by the side of the tyranny of the loan shark 

Doing Practical Work in the Garden 

the primary school, but are getting some lessons 
of books. Dormitories in background. 

of India, who demands from twenty-five to 
three hundred per cent interest. 

But the. money lender is not the only 
hindrance to the progress of the Indian 
farmer, though he is one. of the stumbling 
blocks. The cultivator of India has some 
of the same difficulties in marketing his 
produce as does the American farmer, only 
a great many more of them. Any one who 
compares a district map of India with a 
similar area of France, Germany, England 
or the United States cannot fail to be im- 
pressed with the fact that there is a great 
lack of roads, suitable for the hauling of 
heavy loads. In India large areas, includ- 
ing thousands of villages, during the rains 
are cut off from all vehicular traffic, and 
even pack animals find much difficulty in 
getting about. Not only are there too few 
roads for use in hauling grain to market, 
but railways also are scarce and far be- 
tween. The fact that over three-fourths of 
the people live in rural areas means that it 
is necessary to move farm products long 
distances by rail, and many villages are far 
from such means of conveyance. This, 
with the poor public roads, makes diffi- 
culties discouraging to the cultivator. Lack 
of roads and railroads not only means a 
stagnation of trade, but also a stagnation 


The Missionary Visitor 


of ideas, which hurts a country far more 
than does any other factor thus far 

Along with the difficulties of getting 
produce to market is the matter of secur- 
ing a fair price for it. In America today 
great strides along this line have been 
made, but poor India is still in the ditch in 
this respect. 

" Much of the cultivated land of India 
has reached the maximum state of im- 
poverishment; a great deal of the cattle 
manure which ought to go back to it is 
burnt for fuel; and other available manures 
have not yet been used extensively. Indian 
soils over large areas have thus been 
starved for centuries, and are hungry, and 
therefore very responsive to manuring. It 
is largely due to the judicious application 
of manure and water that crops obtained 
on government farms are so much better 
as a rule than those of cultivators in ad- 
joining villages." Thus said a leading agri- 
cultural authority before the Seventh Indian 
Science Congress of 1920. Why does the 
cultivator burn manure produced on the 
land rather than apply it to the land? He 
does it because he is too poor to buy 
fuel, or because he is not so Located that 
fuel is available. 

We have mentioned that tools and im- 
plements with the Indian farmer are. few 
and very crude. This is a mild statement 
as compared with the facts. Sam Higgin- 
bottom says: "Every Indian farmer of my 
acquaintance knows the value of plowing 
hard dry ground, but having no tool, ex- 
cept his digging hand tool, he sits in help- 
less inactivity, unable to do what his judg- 
ment tells him is a good thing. Much land 
is infested with khan khus (a grass 
very similar to quack grass) and other 
weeds, which can be killed only by deep, 
hot-weather plowing." The Indian farmer 
is producing about all that is possible with 
his present crude implements, but he is too 
poor to invest in more modern ones, and to 
borrow means going to that old friend, the 
money-lender. Who would not rather do 
without than follow such a procedure? 

India is woefully ignorant. An educated 
Indian and a high official said before the 
1920 Science Conference: "Our people are, 

however, sunk in abysmal ignorance, and 
their illiteracy is simply colossal. Barely, 
3 per cent of the population are under in- 
struction in all types of educational insti- 
tutions." Correlated with this condition is 
that of the refusal to take the life of any 
creature, regardless of its ability to do 
harm, and consequently the pestilence and 
destruction to life and crops are enormous. 
We might write on these conditions in- 
definitely and still have missed some. This 
side may look discouraging, but let us con- 
sider briefly remedies and the brighter as- 
pect of the situation. 

The government has done and is doing a 
remarkable work in the production and en- 
couragement of pure, strains of seed for the 
farmers. It is doing extensive work in en- 
couraging and financing irrigation projects 
in certain parts. It is making strides for 
the improvement of soils. And, too, it is 
promoting cooperative, societies throughout 
the land for the purpose of financing the 
agricultural class, and for the marketing 
of crops so that the cultivator may have a 
fair price for what he raises. In this latter 
work the. government is ably assisted by 
the rural branch of the Y. M. C. A. 

Now what is the mission's part in the 
program of reconstruction? Briefly, it is 
this, according to the best and most ex- 
perienced missionaries of India: There may 
be cooperative societies, and better crops 
and better roads and better soil, but India 
can never become independent, self-sup- 
porting, and self-respecting until there is 
a change of heart. This work is for the 
believers in the. religion of the Lord Jesus 
Christ. The missions of India must train 
men and women of sterling Christian 
character to go into these seven hundred 
thousand villages and there live the Christ- 
like life and endeavor to lead men and 
women to Christ. Honest men are. needed 
to promote and manage these agencies for 
the material uplift of the rural population, 
and who will train them if Christian mis- 
sions do not? The poverty, ignorance, and 
superstitution of India, speaking physically, 
is not her greatest weakness, but the 
poverty of spiritual life is the burden which 
underlies her very existence. 


The Missionary Visitor 

Babies in India 


They Will Change From Looking Like This, and These Have 
Been Here Several Months 

DID your heart ever ache with an 
ache that seemed to send every drop 
of blood to your head till it 
throbbed, and the lump in your throat felt 
as though it would choke you? That is just 
what will happen if you go with me to some 
of the villages in this state. Here we see so 
many of the poor hill people. Come, let 
us go. 

We enter a street that is reeking 
with filth; yonder stands a man 
with a baby in his arms. See how 
thin its little legs and arms are, and 
what a distended abdomen it has! 
Poor little fellow, he is not getting 
the proper kind of food. We are 
so thankful that our Heavenly 
Father this year sent such abund- 
ant rains, and the poor, even, we 
hope will not need to go hungry. 
When they do not have the proper 
kind of food they are not able to 
throw off disease. 

Yonder are some fat, roly-poly 
little fellows that thrive in spite 
of the filth. They care not that 
they look like little balls of mud, 
for with nothing to wear but sun- 
shine they can be bathed quickly 

in the tank just back of them. 
They come from homes that 
have food more plentiful. The 
other little fellow has sore eyes 
and so has the father, and likely 
if you go into the home you will 
find that the entire family is 
similarly afflicted. They are 
from the class that are hungry 
most of the time. 

Now look at some of the ones 
whom the mothers are holding 
in their arms. See this one 
here, that is so stupid? It is 
an opium baby. What! You 
want me to take and keep the 
baby? We will see about that 
later. I did not come out to 
ask for babies today. Thus we 
could go on and on and the end not come in 
sight. Some are so full of sores that it 
seems as though we could not touch them. 
Even "the parents seem to have lost their 
love for them, but it is for such as these 
that the Master said, " Suffer the little child- 
ren to come unto me." India's population is 
so dense that it seems as though the most 

(Continued on Page 32) 

They Will Look Like This After a Year or So. It Is Hard 
Work, Come and See 


The Missionary Visitor 


Facing Our Task 


IN order that we may be able to meet 
a problem with a view of settling it, 
the first thing to do is to find out just 
what the problem is. Many may say that 
this is an idle question, for the missionary 
has only one task, and that is the salvation 
of souls. True! But how shall that end 
be accomplished? Just as in America, an 
individual is not entirely changed, but he 
gets a new viewpoint of life, a new center to 
which all his activities point; so in India, 
when a man becomes a Christian he does 
not forget all of the training that he has 
gotten from his heathen parents. Nor is he 
transplanted into another country; but in 
his old surroundings, with all the draw- 
backs of heathendom, he must strive to re- 
late himself to this new personality which 
he has found to be the dominating factor 
of his new life. So I would say that our 
task is to get men to follow this way and 
then to surround them with such means, 
instruction ana example as to enable them 
to follow it. 

In this land, where each man does only 
a certain work, and whose living and think- 
ing are not connected, it is hard to have 
fully developed men and women in Christ 
Jesus. In business, when a man has done 
the line of work which falls to him and 
which his fathers did~~before him, if that 
line does not supply his needs he goes with- 
out or begs. In school, when a boy learns 
by heart what is in the books, then he is 
through and there is nothing else to learn. 
In society, when a man has obeyed certain 
caste rules, he has freed himself from all ob- 
ligation and he can be at ease. In religion, 
when a man has performed certain rites 
then his worship is done and he can be as 
devilish the remainder of the time as he 
chooses. So I say, under such conditions 
and with such teaching it is hard to connect 
up theory and practice. While a man may 
be able to repeat Scripture, that is not 
enough; he must live what, he knows from 
his heart. So I would say that our great 
task is to develop a thinking which is con- 
ducive to right action. Now you may say, 

" But what has this to do with mission 
work?" Much. " As a man thinketh in his 
heart so is he." But that phrase, " in his 
heart," is what I would have you notice. 
You can get a parrot to say things, but to 
do what is right, because of thinking, is 
quite another thing. 

To follow the Bible a man- must have 
help. You read many times of people ask- 
ing to have the Bible explained to them. 
As the eunuch said to Philip, " How can I 
understand unless some one show me?" so 
the people of India are waiting for that 
showing, and it must be a showing which 
is written in life. Words or books will, not 
answer the need. Many of these people 
know about Christ, but until they see the 
full Christ worked out in terms of their 
everyday life they will not respond to him. 
And when they do get this point of view 
it will be from men and women who, in 
everyday life, in terms of Indian thinking, 
exude the spirit of constant helpfulness. 

Now, that you may clearly see what I 
mean, I will illustrate. A teacher is sup- 
posed to do nothing but teach (that is, ac- 
cording to the India view of things). He 
is not supposed to carry even his own 
books to the schoolroom. Much has been 
done against this custom, and I have heard 
that in our school at Bulsar a very good 
rule has been adopted, that every man must 
put in a certain number of hours at manual 
work of some kind every day. Now this, 
as an arbitrary rule, would not accomplish 
much. But when the students see their 
leaders lay their hands to all kinds of work 
in such a way that the work is done in a 
satisfactory manner, and that it is the man 
rather than the work that counts, they will 
be willing to follow. So our task is to be 
guides, not only in teaching and preaching, 
but in everything there is to be done; and 
only in such a way will we be able to have 
men and women follow in our footsteps 
and guide those about them. 

How is such a task as this to be ac- 
complished? As the secretary of this vil- 


The Missionary Visitor 


lage told me the other day, " Now I am a 
Vadaite, and I must be counted among 
them," so each missionary will have to for- 
get that he is an American and that his 
skin is white. He must forget his English, 
if necessary, and enter into the thoughts 
and life of the people to. such an extent that 
he will be one of them and that there will 
be no barrier between him and them. He 
must forget the comforts of America and 
the American ways of doing things, and in 
each case say to himself, " With the ma- 
terial at hand, and under the circumstances, 
what is the best thing to do?" He must 
be plastic, and yet have the stability which 
moulds. He must help the Indian to work 
through all of his problems in such a way 
that he can be. a Christian and still be a 
man who loves and reveres his country. 
We cannot ask India to adopt, wholesale, 

our American ways. We musi, in the light 
of the gospel truth, refine the gold here 
and prepare it for the Master's use. 

This is no little task. It is, in truth, as 
Paul says, to be "all things to all men." 
And how are we facing this task? We are 
trying so to live and teach before these 
people that they may not be bound and fet- 
tered by the ignorance and sin and super- 
stitions of their people; that they, in a 
larger degree than we can dream of, may 
be enabled to point their people to the way 
of truth and righteousness; in a way in 
which we, who have been brought up under 
different conditions, cannot give it to their 
people. And we face this task, not in our 
own strength, but by the help of God's 
Spirit we spend our strength, that others 
may be the light givers. 

The Prohibition Reform in India 


SECOND only to the noncooperation will be well to look at the outstanding 

movement, the prohibition of the causes why this sentiment against drink 

liquor traffic has taken a large place in has made its prohibition one of the burning 

the public thought of India. This senti- questions of the day in this land. By no 

merit in favor of prohibition has grown means least of these causes is 

wonderfully during the past two years. It Prohibition in America. The victory over 

Boys Who Gave the Scene on the Life of Daniel, on Temperance 


The Missionary Visitor 


the liquor traffic in the United States has 
brought this question to the front in India, 
as it has in many other countries. Just as 
Kansas became the bone of contention in 
every American State where prohibition 
was a live question, so American prohibi- 
tion is being discussed pro and con at public 
meetings and in the press of India with 
much the same intensity as it is in England 
and other countries. This is as it should 
be. Those who defend the prohibition 
cause in foreign countries must meet much 
the same sort of argument that was used 
against prohibition in America. America's 
fight for law enforcement and the com- 
plete suppression of the drink traffic is of 
international importance; for her to fail at 
this hour will put a stumblingblock in the 
progress of this reform in many lands. 
Over two-thirds of the material appearing 
in the press of India on this question hinges 
upon the success or failure of prohibition in 
America. America must stand firm! 

The Noncooperation Movement has with- 
in the past year included in its program the 
boycott of the liquor shops. In America, 
it is known that the supporters of the 
liquor trade attempted to boycott business 
men who opposed them, but there was never 
a movement among the drinking classes 
strong enough to close saloons by dis- 
couraging their patronage. This has hap- 
pened in India at many places ; however, it 
rarely proves to be permanent. In Poona 
this method of boycotting or "picketing" 
the liquor shops, has met with better suc- 
cess than anywhere else I know of in India. 
Young men have been employed to watch 
near each liquor shop and endeavor by 
moral suasion to prevent the prospective 
customer from entering the shop. The 
government has permitted this, so long as 
force was not used. It has resulted in 
practical prohibition in Poona. This meth- 
od does not meet with favor among temper- 
ance workers generally, and most of them 
refuse to work with the noncooperators in 
temperance activity. 

The Coming of Mr. W. E. (Pussyfoot) 
Johnson to India has been an event fre- 
quently announced in the English press. 
He is now making a tour of India, speak- 
ing at the main centers of population. Be- 

cause of what he did in England, his fame 
went before him, and he ; able to command 
a hearing in official circles and among all 
classes in a way no other living man could. 
Large crowds greet him at every place, and 
his simple but effective story of the work- 
ing of prohibition in America is receiving 
a warm response in the hearts of the Indian 

The Religions of India have from ancient 
times warned the people against drink. It 
is remarkable how the more faithful ad- 
herents of these religions have remained 
true to their religious teaching on this 
question. The drinking has been confined 
largely to the lower classes; however, of 
recent years, through the introduction of 
foreign liquors and through contact with 
the English, there has been an increase of 
drinking among the higher classes. 

Temperance Activity by temperance or- 
ganizations, and through the direction of 
missionaries during the past thirty years,, 
has done much to help awaken India to the 
danger of strong drink. The Anglo-Indian 
Temperance Association, with headquarters 
in London, was founded in 1888 and now 
has 220 branches in India. Its efforts are 
confined largely to the cities of India. Mr. 
Johnson has come to India under the 
auspices of this organization. There should 
be a central office of this organization in 
India to enable it to do the best' work. 

The Woman's Christian Temperance 
Union is taking an important part in the 
fight to free India from the rising tide of 
strong drink. Its national organizer, Miss 
Mary J. Campbell, is doing effective work 
among the men as well as the women 
wherever she goes. She has started an 
organization among men and students, 
called the Blue Ribbon Temperance Army. 
Though it is less than two years old there 
are now about seventy units of this organi- 
zation in India. Through their national 
headquarters at Lucknow the W. C. T. U. 
is distributing a large amount of temper- 
ance literature. 

The missions of India are taking an in- 
creasing part in the temperance cause. The 
Methodists are awake on this question and 
are planning to send a man to give full 


The Missionary Visitor 


Boys Who Gave the Scene Portraying Intemperance in the Villages Among Their People 

time to the promotion of this reform. In 
Western India, the Church of the Brethren 
Mission has taken the lead in temperance 
activity. Our work among men is affiliated 
with the Blue Ribbon Temperance Army. 
With three members of our misssion in re- 
sponsible positions for the promotion of 
temperance work in Bombay Presidency, we 
have an opportunity to promote, this cause 
in a way that should not be lightly re- 
garded. In America our church waited 
until after prohibition was secured before 
a full-time secretary was secured for her 
temperance committee. In India others are 
turning to us for leadership in this great 
reform. Will we be awake to our op- 
portunity to lead out in a cause, the suc- 
cess of which will not only bring great 
blessings to the million people living in our 
territory, but will be an equal blessing to 
the twenty millions of Bombay Presidency? 
We must work with others in this, for not 
until Bombay Presidency, including the 
native states in her midst, is willing to 
adopt prohibition will we be able to se- 
cure total prohibition for the people of our 

The Future Outlook, while bright, is 
fraught with difficult problems. There is 
the problem of temperance education. The 

larger share of drinking is done by the 
backward classes of India, only a small per- 
centage of whom can read and write. They 
live in the 700,000 villages of India. To 
only a small proportion of them has the 
message of temperance and sobriety been 
presented in an intelligent way. These 
must be reached through temperance ac- 
tivity if their support is to be secured in 
behalf of prohibition. The higher classes 
may pass a prohibition law for the lower 
classes to obey, and neglect to educate 
them so they will understand the intent 
and meaning of such a law. 

There is also the problem of organization. 
All temperance organizations are poorly 
financed and are not able to do the aggres- 
sive work needed along this line. The most 
encouraging thing about it is that the sup- 
porters of the liquor trade are not as well 
organized as the temperance forces. The 
Indians are quite sentimental and as a rule 
are not good organizers. The temperance 
cause affords the opportunity for all classes 
to work together for a cleaner and better 
nation. We must look to the schools of 
India to train leaders for promoting this 
great reform. While the many languages of 
India make the literature problem a diffi- 
cult one, we can be thankful that the ver- 
nacular press as a whole is very favorable 


The Missionary Visitor 


to the temperance cause and is willing to 
support it. 

There is the problem of legislation, both 
in British territory and in the native states. 
There are hundreds of the latter, all of 
whom are independent and free to handle 
the liquor question according to their own 
desires. Most of them are getting a hand- 
some revenue from the sale of alcohol, and 
those in authority will be slow to give up 
this revenue. As yet there is no large ter- 

ritory free from drink, as was the case in 
America before national prohibition. Hence, 
India cannot look to portions of her own 
country to learn of the benefits of prohi- 

But God is moving among the peoples 
of India in a wonderful way, and, in spite 
of these difficulties, we believe her re- 
demption from drink is coming within the 
next ten years. Let us pray and work to 
that end! 

Elizabeth Lellu— Another 

Girl in Training at 


Nurses in Training at Baroda Hospital. 
The One Marked x Is Elizabeth Lellu 

Nursing in India 


Rupa Dhanji, One of Our 
Girls in Training at M. E. 
Mission Hospital, Baroda 

MOST people in America have some 
idea of some, phases of the work of 
a nurse. But in a country where 
the majority of the people are uneducated, 
work among them often takes a different 
aspect. Uneducated people make no dis- 
tinction between a nurse and a doctor and 
do not understand why a nurse cannot, as 
well as a doctor, treat and cure any sort of 

When riding in a train in India, if the 
women are friendly and polite, you are 
asked where you are going, where you live, 
all about your family and what your work 
is. If you tell them you are a nurse, you 

can expect to hear of all the ailments of 
the family and often be asked what to do 
for each one. On recommending some doc- 
tor many will say, "But our women cannot 
go out and get their medicine." Then often 
will follow an invitation into the home. 

Because of conditions and customs it is 
not common for an Indian nurse to go 
much into homes to nurse other Indians, as 
nurses do in our country. Their work is 
confined chiefly to institutions where they 
have the protection and supervision of the 
place and of those in charge of the same. 
After marriage some continue their work if 
the institution happen to be near their home. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Some are employed on cases in homes of 
Europeans. The ones who are accurate and 
responsible are rare; therefore there must 
be close supervision, usually by some 
European nurse. 

The training given to Indian nurses 
necessarily must be of the simplest. In the 
first place, their preliminary education and 
knowledge are limited, so that the instructor 
is compelled to begin with things that are 
generally known by children in the primary 
schools in America. Then there is the 
difficulty of trying to translate the English 
terms or to teach them in English. Some 
training schools for nurses require English 
before entrance, so that class and lecture 
work are given in English. Others do not 
insist on it. 

European and Anglo-Indian nurses are 
located in the large cities, where they find 
plenty to do. A nurse does not engage for 
day and night duty, except in confinement 
cases, and only those trained especially in 
that line do maternity work. They take 
full charge of a case and a doctor is called 
only in extreme instances. Ordinarily, 
when a nurse accepts a case it is under- 
stood that it is only for day duty, and when 
one is required at night a second nurse is 

Most of the American nurses in India are 
missionary nurses and are connected with 
some mission hospital, though some con- 
duct dispensaries themselves without a doc- 
tor, occasionally performing even major 
operations. Some object to a nurse work- 
ing independently without a doctor. It, of 
course, is not the ideal, and not what she 
expected when she was in preparation. But 
many people have been helped physically 
and brought in touch with the Gospel 
through the work of missionary nurses. 
When a missionary is in charge of an in- 
stitution he is often responsible for the 
health of the inmates and is compelled to 
give numerous simple remedies and do 
things which are often trying to him and 
require much time. Some think there 
should be a nurse in connection with each 
large educational institution where no doc- 
tor is connected with the mission work at 
that station. This is a great field for nurses 
and one in which they can put in all their 

time, strength, natural and acquired ability. 
The very best preliminary education and 
training is none too good and will not be 
wasted. However, the work of most mis- 
sionary nurses is to superintend and train 
Indian nurses. This requires a good edu- 
cation prior to the nurses' training, and 
natural executive ability as well as natural 
nursing ability. 

At present three of our own mission girls 
are in training in other hospitals, because 
we are not prepared to train them. We 
hope soon to open a training school at 
Bulsar in connection with the Quinter 
Memorial Hospital. In this school we ex- 
pect to require a working knowledge of 
English. Two of our Gujarati girls, Rupa 
Dhanji and Elizabeth Lallu, are in training 
at the Methodist Mission Hospital, at Ba- 
roda. These two we hope to have for our 
own use when needed in our work. There 
are also two other classes of girls studying 
English, from which we hope to select our 
future student-nurses. The preparation 
and nurses' courses are long and diffi- 
cult for them, so that not many apply for 
nurses' training. 

The missionary nurse has a joy in her. 
work and a compensation that one work- 
ing for remuneration can never have, for 
the caring for the physical body is not the 
principal object of her work. 

At present the hours spent in caring for 
the ailments of the pupils in the Anklesvar 
Girls' School are the happiest of the day. 
The girls have scratches, cuts, bruises, 
sores of all kinds, skin infections, coughs 
and sore throats and fever, which need con- 
stant attention. And if ne will look after 
all their ailments and listen to all their 
complaints the time will be fully occupied 
among a bunch of one hundred and fifty 


| "With Williams Our Secretary" | 

By J. E. Miller 

H Now Selling in Third Thousand if 

Price, $1.00 
Elgin, - - Illinois jj 



The Missionary Visitor 


Our Social Problems 


SOCIAL problems in the Orient are 
bristling on every -hand; problems of 
health, of home, of childhood, of com- 
munity life, of public morals; the, great 
problem of alcoholism, whose threat is more 
serious in the Orient than many of us ap- 
preciate; the drug problem, the problem of 
prostitution, of gambling, of blindness, of 
beggary; the widening range of industrial 
problems, as the modern order trenches on 
the medieval. All the questions affecting 
public opinion that we are struggling with 
are beginning to be manifest in some 
characteristic shape in the Orient." — Robert 
A. Weeds. 

The missionary is face to face with these 
problems every day of his missionary ca- 
reer. He cannot avoid them; he cannot be 
deaf to them. As Christ " went about do- 
ing good," and set himself against the so- 
cial evils of his day, so the missionary is 
bound to do. And we are happy to say that 
from the very beginning of modern mis- 
sions, missionaries have voluntarily taken 
"up the task of helping to solve these prob- 
lems, and many are the reforms which 
must be credited to their zealous labors. 
In this short article it is possible to treat 
only a few of the problems which we meet 
in our work in India. 

1. Problem of Morality. Morality and 
religion have been so long divorced in many 
lives that it becomes extremely difficult to 
develop a keen conscience on the subject 
of sin. A man may break every Christian 
commandment and yet be a rather respect- 
able fellow in his caste and community. 
It matters very little whether a promise is 
kept or not; or whether one lies and de- 
ceives his neighbor; or whether one cheats 
in his dealings or pays his debts, the moral 
standards are so low. Jealousies, abusive 
language, quarrels and fights disturb our 
peace. Deceit, bribery and evil design 
are rife. The adulterer lies and schemes to 
cover his sins. He is sorry when caught, 
but not for his sin, only for loss of repu- 
tation or position. 
2. Problem of Heathen Customs. Some 

customs are harmless, but many are based 
on idolatry, superstition or astrology, and 
are not simply foolish, but positively sin- 
ful. It is not always easy to tell what a 
person understands by a certain rite or 
practice. It may appear innocent, yet in 
his mind be associated with some heathen 
deity. It is not easy for the people to re- 
nounce their wedding and holiday and 
funeral customs, hence it becomes our duty 
to differentiate and require them to give up 
the evil in them. Our animists especially 
live in almost constant dread of evil spirits 
and witches, which are responsible for all 
mishaps, and so must be appeased or cast 
out. In times of sickness and distress even 
some Christians will resort to the heathen 
cures. Many still fear the " evil eye." They 
are very loath to give up their custom of 
bargaining and selling their daughters in 
marriage. Superstition lingers long, and be- 
cause of it heathen customs persist. 

3. Problem of Caste. Christianity recog- 
nizes no caste; all are one in Christ Jesus. 
Western influences have done much in bat- 
tering down this citadel of the social order 
in India; and Hindu reformers have con- 
tributed much to its downfall. Nevertheless, 
it is still a mighty force and forms one of 
our great problems. It is extremely difficult 
for some to crucify the feeling that they 
are better than others because of their 
former caste. Quarrels often divide the 
community along caste lines; close friend- 
ships are governed by the same rule. But 
the greatest test is in marriage. When 
they are willing to intermarry the problem 
is practically solved. 

4. Problem of the Home. Oh, how we 

enjoy the good Christian homes some of 
our people have established! They are a 
wonderful testimony. Many people in the 
Orient have no homes — simply houses or 
hovels to eat and sleep in. The wife is 
secured by money, not by love; hence 
families are easily broken up. Children are 
neglected; sanitation is unknown; the cattle 
are kept in the house, and the chickens, too. 


The Missionary Visitor 


There are no books, no pictures, no at- 
tractions. Among many peopLe child mar- 
riage, the illiteracy of women, and sex in- 
equality make it absolutely impossible to 
build a good home according to our Chris- 
tian ideals. But Christianity changes all 

5. Problem of Poverty. Our backward 
and depressed classes are practically all 
poor, and some miserably poor; and from 
these classes our Christians have come. 
Quoting from the Report of the Commis- 
sion on Village Education in India, the most 
common causes of poverty are as follows: 
" Debt with high interest, laziness, exploita- 
tion, ignorance and lack of skill, drink, ex- 
travagance, and conditions resulting from 
famines, epidemics and sickness." To re- 
move these causes is the great problem be- 
for us. Now poverty is not always a curse; 
it has its blessings. But to build an intel- 
ligent and self-supporting church among 
people" who live in abject poverty and serf- 
dom is impossible. The causes of poverty 

must be removed. The people must be 
made temperate and industrious; attention 
must be given to their agricultural and in- 
dustrial problems. We trust that our new 
school at Anklesvar will provide aid along 
these lines. 

6. Problem of Illiteracy. Nearly all our 
Christians have come from the classes 
which are 98 per cent illiterate. Some re- 
ligions are compatible with ignorance, but 
Christianity is not. We love the light of truth 
and knowledge. Only about one-fifth of the 
villages of India are blessed with a school, 
so you see that many do not have the op- 
portunity to secure an education. And 
many who have the opportunity of edu- 
cating their children will not do it, because 
of indifference, poverty and poor teachers. 
Trained teachers who are at the same time 
kind and zealous are essential. Without 
education the progress of the Christian 
community must be slow, hence this prob- 
lem is ever before us in all its magnitude. 

Vyara, Surat Dist., India. 

Christ and the Social Life of Our Non 
Christian Neighbors 


" Think not that I came to send peace on the 
earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword." 
"I came to cast fire upon the earth; and what do 
I desire, if it is already kindled?" Matt. 19: 34 
and Luke 12: 49. 

THE message of Jesus called for a 
complete change in the social order 
of his day. His ideals of truthful- 
ness, purity, justice and the sacredness of 
human life far transcend those of the age 
in which he lived. 

In no respect, perhaps, does the contrast 
stand out more vividly than in his attitude 
to those whose lives were considered of 
little account. Due to a perversion of the 
laws which God had given them the Jews 
had come to class all Gentiles as sinners, 
with whom no orthodox Jew could eat. The 
same thing was true with Samaritans and 
with a certain section of the Jewish people, 
whom the orthodox Jewish leaders had de- 
clared sinners because of their failure to 

observe strictly the traditions of the elders. 
These people were not worthy the respect 
or notice of the orthodox Jew. Lowest 
among them was the leper, whose disease 
was regarded as a divine visitation because 
of his sin. For this reason, as well as 
because of the loathsomeness of his disease, 
he was driven from society, pronounced re- 
ligiously unclean and therefore untouchable. 

It is scarcely necessary to dwell on the 
attitude of Jesus toward these needy souls. 
He not only gave many parables and utter- 
ances (see Luke 15; 5: 31; 32; 7: 39-50, etc.) 
to show what God's attitude toward such 
souls was, but his example was nothing 
short of a revolutionary practice to the peo- 
ple of his time. He "habitually" ate and 
associated with these outcasts of society, 
even though he knew that by so doing he 
was lowering himself in the estimation of 
the upper classes who, with biting sarcasm, 


The Missionary Visitor 



styled him " the friend of publicans and 
sinners." And so it was that this life of 
love and sympathy aroused that intense 
hatred on the, part of the Pharisees which 
finally resulted in his death. Indeed, he 
brought not peace but a sword. 

In a Christian country like America the 
very success of Christianity, as it has per- 
meated all phases of the social order, has 
in a measure tended to obscure the inherent 
conflict of Christian ideals with those of 
the world. It is when we study the stand- 
ards among our non-Christian neighbors in 
lands where Christ's leaven is just begin- 
ing to work, that the force of this conflict 
becomes apparent. Let us consider a few 
of the social changes which the acceptance 
of Christ must inevitably bring to India 
and to all other oriental lands where there 
are like conditions. 

Look for a moment at Jesus' standard 
regarding truthfulness. In his ideal a man's 
word should be so reliable and his testi- 
mony so true that he needs no oath to 
make it acceptable. In Kingman's " Y. M. 
C. A. Study Book " the writer, in speak- 
ing of Jesus' teaching on this point says, 
" It is a curious thing that the ideal of a 
perfectly truthful life, should have been 
given us by an Oriental." One who has 
had intimate contact with oriental people 
knows full well how utterly untrustworthy 
so many of them are, False witnessing in 
an oriental court makes the securing of 
justice a very difficult thing. There is a 
vital difference between the standards of 
truthfuless in Christian and non-Christian 

A twin sin to falsehood is theft. There 
are thefts innumerable in Christian lands,, 
and yet there is a public conscience against 
such things which is lacking in the social 
standards of our non-Christian neighbors. 
One example, of this will suffice. The av- 
erage Indian farmer must sleep in his rice 
field at night as the crop begins to ripen, in 
order do prevent his neighbors from secret- 
ly gathering and appropriating his grain. 

The same perceptible difference, is noted 
with respect to the ideals of purity and of 
family life. One of the great conflicts of 
Christianity in the. apostolic days arose 
here. In reading Paul's letters with this 

thought in mind one receives a picture of 
the lax morality in the heathen world, a 
condition against which the apostles con- 
tinually warned and taught. How earnestly 
Paul prayed and labored for the victory of 
Christ in the lives of these, his spiritual 
children, whose heathen environment and 
heritage brought them so many temptations 
along these lines! In the "conflict of 
Christianity with heathenism " the same 
battle must be fought today. 

It is not in the moral but in the economic 
world that men in America have been the 
most reluctant to make, the principles of 
Jesus their rule of conduct. The struggle 
between capital and labor is yet an acute 
one in the leading Christian nations. But 
while America and England have those who 
are getting rich at the expense of their 
poorer neighbors, what shall we say of a 
land with millions, whose average yearly in- 
come is only forty-eight dollars? In the 
"Call of a World Task " the nurrfber of 
those, in Asia and Africa who daily go to 
bed hungry is estimated at 200,000,000. 

In India a large factor in this appalling 
condition is the terrible oppression of the 
unscrupulous money lender. When a crop 
fails the poor must have money. The 
money lender is ready to give it to them, 
but with Interest that ranges from fifty 
to one hundred per cent or even more per 
annum. It is oftener one hundred per cent 
than fifty. Of course, the poor, ignorant 
farmer in many cases cannot pay, and even 
if he does pay the original amount he is 
likely to be told that he has not paid it all. 
The ignorant man cannot prove otherwise, 
and so his property passes into the hands 
of the " shat " and he virtually becomes the 
money lender's slave. " Give to him that 
asketh and from him that would borrow 
of thee turn not thou away." Such a spirit 
is as far from the condition described above 
as the east is from the west. 

One, of the strange things is that the at- 
titude from which such actions result has in 
India a religious basis. In America we 
believe that " all men are created equal and 
endowed by their Creator with certain in- 
alienable rights." Such is far from the be- 
lief of our non-Christian neighbors. Their 


The Missionary Visitor 


very religion teaches them that these low 
castes and untouchables are born into their 
life of misery and degradation because of 
sin in a former life, and because of their 
many sins their very touch is defiling to 
those above them. They must, therefore, 
not draw water from the village well; their 
children must not %it in school with those 
higher, and they are unworthy to receive 
spiritual truth through the reading of the 
sacred books of their superiors. Concerning 
such a condition Dr. J. Farquhar well savs: 
" There, is no country in the world that is 
without its submerged class: under every 
known civilization there is at least a rem- 
nant who fall behind. . . . But where 
outside of India is there, a polity devised 
with the determinate purpose of creating a 
huge submerged class, of crushing one- 
sixth of the whole people down in dirt and 
inhuman degradation?" 

Against such a social system the teach- 
ing of Christ is utterly at variance. In him 
there is neither male nor female, master nor 
servant, Brahman nor untouchable. He has 
broken down the wall of partition. (See Gal. 
3: 28 and Eph. 2: 14.) At his table Brahman 
and pariah are alike sons of their Heavenly 
Father and joint heirs r of the grace of sal- 
vation. Blessed be his name for his un- 
speakable gift! 

H. L. Alley 

Miss Mary J. Campbell, one of India's 
most noted temperance workers, spent the 
first two days of the month at Dahanu. 
A large meeting was held in the town and 
two other meetings were held on the mis- 
sion compound. A number of total absti- 
nence pledges were signed. 

Oct. 5 and 6 Miss Campbell was at Jalal- 
por. Besides the meetings on the mission 
compound, a very successful meeting was 
held near by in the town of Navsari, where 
105 high-school pupils and teachers signed 
the pledge. 


Sisters Sadie Miller, Olive Widdowson 
and Ida Shumaker represented the mission 
at the " All India and Burma Council on 
Women's Work," held at Lucknow, India, 
Oct. 10-12. 

The most recent recruit to our mission- 
ary force is Marcia Mae Hollenberg, born 
at Bursar, Oct. 18. 


During the third week of October, the 
Rosses, Millers, Wagoners, Holsopples and 
Blickenstafifs returned from Landour. The 
Holsopples had been in charge of the chil- 
dren's home since July. The home is now 

Oct. 22-29 the mission's devotional and 
business meetings were held at Bulsar. 
The first day was spent in sub-committee 
work. The next three days were devotional. 
Miss Campbell was present and gave five 
most helpful addresses. Bro. Blough gave 
two very timely talks on " Application of 
Christian Principles to the Social Problems 
of Our India Mission Field." The sisters 
who attended the Lucknow Conference 
made their report. These, with the other 
devotional, recreational and social features, 
made the meetings such as will long be re- 
membered by those privileged to attend. 
The remaining days of the meeting were 
devoted to business. All but seven of the 
missionaries attended at least a part of the 

October is usually very hot, and the 
weather about as trying as any during the 
year. This year it was not so unpleasant 
as usual. This seems to be due, partly at 
least, to the abundant rains which came 
this year. 


(Continued from Page 21) 
do with the financing of our schools know 
what a problem it is to keep the expendi- 
tures within the income. If that is true 
where charges are made for everything, 
how much more true it will be when a 
school is run mainly for those who have 
nothing! With good and fairly well- 
equipped buildings, our school people asked 
for and received funds for endowments. 
And we do not know of a school among 
them that has all the money it could use 
advantageously. If our people will remem- 
ber the school here, its purpose and its 

(Continued on Page 27) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Bbme Hiftoa 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

The School for Mexican Children at 
Falfurrias, Texas 


THE American people have before 
them the great problem of Ameri- 
canizing the large numbers of for- 
eigners from nearly all parts of the world; 
who are now within our borders, and the 
other numbers who are constantly coming 
to our shores. Unless these foreigners and 
their children can be led to see in govern- 
ment what we see in it, the time will come 
when our government will be changed and 
our descendants will not have the same 
reason to feel in our institutions the pride 
that we feel. If our political institutions 
are to continue and to be a blessing to 
mankind, the people who live in our coun- 
try must believe in them. So it is our 
imperative duty to teach the foreigner with- 
in our gates. 

And if it is so important that men be 
taught our ideas of government, how much 
more important it is that they be taught 
to believe in our religious institutions. 
Each section has its own peculiar problem, 
that of the city being different from that of 
the country, that of the North from that 
of the South, and that of the Southwest 
from all the rest of the country. It is in 
this section that nearly all the Mexican and 
Spanish-speaking Americans are to be 
found. Their number is estimated at a 
million and a half, though it varies greatly 
at different times, as there is much going 
and coming. There has been more of this 
since 1910 because of the unsettled con- 
dition of affairs in Mexico. Large num- 
bers, entire families, come for the cotton- 
picking season. When the season closes, 
the road south is lined with the covered 

wagons of those who are returning to their 
homes across the Rio Grande. 

It is about seventy-five years since work 
along educational and Christian lines was 
begun among these people. In 1920 there 
were said to be forty schools in operation 
for the Mexican children, and there were 
about a hundred and thirty preaching 
places. The results have not been all that 
could be desired; and yet much good work 
has been done. Practically all the boards 
and other bodies interested have lately put 
forth efforts and made plans for more ag- 
gressive work. So the coming twenty years 
will probably see m6re accomplished than 
the preceding seventy-five. 

Of the million and a half of Mexicans 
and Spanish-speaking Americans in the 
United States, four hundred and fifty thou- 
sand are in Texas. The families are usually 
large, and many of them are very poor. In 
some of the houses there are not even beds. 
There is not much brightness in their lives, 
and the future holds no promise unless the 
Christian people of our country awaken to 
a sense of their responsibility and op- 
portunity. Large sections of the country 
are not cared for, and in some localities it 
seems as if too many boards and societies 
were at work. More than half the people 
in this part of Texas are Mexican. In 
spite of the fact that a large per cent of 
them are American by birth, many of them 
cannot speak the American language. 

There are five public schools under the 
superintendent here at Falfurrias. The 
number enrolled varies, but when we asked 
a short time ago there were 483 pupils on 


The Missionary Visitor 


the rolls of the five schools; and 326 were 
of Mexican parentage. Besides the five 
schools mentioned above, there is one of 
thirty-seven pupils in which the Spanish 
language is used. Also there are two other 
schools in the town, each taught by a 
Catholic sister. In these two schools there 
are ninety enrolled. The teaching is con- 
ducted in English. All the 127 pupils in 
the three schools just mentioned are Mexi- 
cans. So that in and around Falfurrias 
there are 610 pupils enrolled, of whom 
463 are Mexicans. And there are children 
who are not enrolled in any of the schools. 
Texas has a compulsory school law, but 
it is not strictly enforced in all districts. 

As in most countries which were once 
ruled by Spain, the people are nominally 
Catholic, and likewise they are mostly ig- 
norant. It seems never to have been the 
policy of the Catholic church to have the 
people as a whole trained and educated. 
To some extent a change is being made, 
and a still greater change will be made by 
the Catholics if the Protestants do what 
they should to enlighten those who have 
so long been kept in ignorance. The young 
Mexicans need training industrially as 
well as intellectually if they are to become 
Americans and help make and keep our 
country what it should be. 

Seeing the need of this training and 
teaching, Bro. John Stump was led to plan 
to devote most of his remaining time in 
this world and a considerable part of the 
money with which the Lord had blessed 
him to this work. And so he is making 
a beginning. But he alone cannot give and 
do what should be given and done if the 
work is to be a success by training these 
young people to become good Americans 
and Christians. The church must support 
the work. There is such great need of 
more home mission work. Unless Ameri- 
ca is made and kept Christian, the efforts 
now being put forth in foreign fields will 
cease after a time, and the work will 
be wasted. More must be done at home, 
which does not mean that less is to be 
done in foreign fields. 

The church has done practically nothing 
for mission work among the nations of the 
western hemisphere, our closest neighbors, 

the southern part of North America and all 
of South America, though it is most im- 
portant that our ideals and beliefs should 
be as nearly one as is possible. And the 
church has given very little to the work 
which is to be established and carried on 
here. This is no doubt largely due to the 
members not realizing the need. We wish to 
urge the members to learn all they can of 
conditions in the Southwest; and then if 
their hearts are in the Lord's work they 
will give liberally and will receive the bless- 
ing that comes to liberal givers. The call 
has been made through the Messenger, but 
the response is far from what it should 
have been. 

Mr. E. C. Lasater is a dairyman and 
stockman whose work is known all over 
the United States. He has prize Jersey herds 
which he sends to stock shows in many 
States. And his cattle take prizes, as was 
evidenced at Waterloo, Iowa, and other 
places last fall. He has prize ribbons by 
the hundred. Mr. Lasater employs many 
Mexicans and is much interested in 'their 
advancement. When Bro. Stump told him 
what was being planned for a school here, 
Mr. Lasater responded in a very practical 
way, giving nearly two hundred acres of 
good land to the school. 

There will be hindrances to school work 
among these young children of another 
race. The Catholics are generally opposed 
to the educational and industrial work 
which is being done by the Protestants 
among and for those whom they consider 
as belonging to the Catholic fold. In some 
sections of the Southwest are found the 
penitentes, who are the most opposed to the 
schools, and as a rule will not allow their 
children to attend a Protestant school. It 
will take time, persistent, conscientious 
work, and much patience to make this 
school a success. And it will take the best 
efforts of faithful men and women for years 
to see the work crowned with success. The 
call is not to the weak and cowardly, but 
to those who are strong in the faith, who 
believe that God can and will do wonders 
for those who trust in him and go forward. 

And it will take money, and then more 
money. Those who have had anything to 

(Continued on Page 19) 


The Missionary Visitor 



£)Ije (0ortoH' Qnrttfr 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


A good brother writes as follows: "I am 
with the Greenville (Ohio) church. We 
raised something like $50 for the Emer- 
gency Fund on Thanksgiving, but seeing 
that you are still short the desired amount 
I am sending you my check for $25 in ad- 
dition." This was a fine way to celebrate 
the Christmas time. 

A Pennsylvania sister writes: "It is very 
hard to get the people of my church inter- 
ested in the book, 'With Williams Our 
Secretary.' I try to impress on them the 
missionary work done by this book, but 
they tell me Bro. Williams is dead and his 
biography does not do them any good." 
Indeed, that is a wonderful congregation 
that cannot be helped by the biographies of 
great men. We wonder if it is possible for 
them to profit by the biography of St. Paul. 
If more of us could realize the value of our 
departed saints we might try to be better 
examples ourselves. 

A church in Kansas writes that they have 
been hard hit financially and cannot sup- 
port their missionary next year. A good 
brother in their congregation has offered 
to pay the missionary's support for the 
year. Splendid! Our work could not 
prosper without such splendid men. He 
might have found it better to magnify the 
church by helping them to continue the 
support in the name of their congregation. 
On the other hand, it might have made 
the church too dependent on one indi- 
vidual for him to carry the burden for them 
in their name. 

The Spring Creek (Middle Indiana) con- 
gregation's Aid Society has just sent a 
splendid quilt to one of the China hospitals. 

The society is letting its Dorcas qualities 
extend to the other side of the earth. 

Leah Senger writes a letter in appreci- 
ation of the Williams book: "I wish the 
book had been twice as long. I believe 
it would be impossible for anyone, especial- 
ly young people, to read that book and not 
be inspired to nobler living and more faith- 
ful service for the Master." 

Emma Horning, who returned to her 
work in China, stopped in Palestine en 
route. Since she is back at her work she 
writes that an intimate knowledge of Pales- 
tine helps her so much in making her Bible 
teaching real and effective. We quote from 
her letter: "We are now having two weeks 
of evangelistic meetings, preparing a lot 
of people for baptism. Over a hundred 
from the villages came in for baptism. I 
don't suppose half of them will be ready 
this year. They will need to study an- 
other year yet. We expect to baptize a 
dozen or more women. It takes so much 
longer to prepare them, for we teach them 
to read the Bible first, while most of the 
men can read when they first ask for bap- 
tism. Although they are slow, it is a pleas- 
ure to see them develop and enjoy the 
pleasures of the new life. It is real life to 
them to enter church." 

Parcels Post Rates to India and China 
Dry Goods, etc. 

India, 12 cents per lb. Transit charge, 
24c for from 1 to 3 pounds; 48c for from 
4 to 7 pounds; 72c for from 8 to H pounds. 

China, 12c per lb; no transit charge. 

Printed matter 
Post cards, magazines, books, etc. 
India and China, 1c for each 2 oz. Weight 
limit, 4 lbs. 6 oz. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


The new year comes with cheeks like rose — 
I guess because the cold wind blows! 
Shake hands, old chap; we're glad you're 

Please help us keep our record clear. 


SHOVE over, youngsters, and make 
room for company. Here is a whole 
bunch of real live missionaries, rap- 
ping at the door. They all have papers in 
their hands. They are coming as repre- 
sentatives of little brown-faced children on 
the other side of the world. They couldn't 
come themselves, not having clothes or 
carfare, so they sent their pictures. Would 
you like to have them for playmates? Why 
not? If they had the chance you have, they 
would likely make you hustle through the 

The first lady we will introduce will be 
Nurse Ida Himmelsbaugh, who makes a 
specialty of brown, bare babies at Umalla, 

" Come, children, come along with me 
and we will go to one of the near-by vil- 
lages. We will take this cart road for a 
short distance. Now we take the footpath 
across the fields to that village you see in 
the distance. Look all about and see. the 
beautiful trees! See the deep shadows! 
Doesn't it look nice and cool? Do you see 
those peafowls over there? The village 
people feed them and they are quite tame. 
These poor people are so ignorant that they 
worship the peafowl and think it is sacred. 

" Now look at these large gnarled trees. 
Don't they look like oak trees? They are 
not oaks, but mowra trees, which are both 
a blessing and a curse to these poor peo- 
ple. They bear two crops in a year. One 
is oil from the fruit, and the other liquor 
from the blossoms. 

" Now come, for it is getting late, and we 
want to go to the village before we return 
home. We will enter frpm the south side, 
as that is where the Bhils live, and we want 
to see them first. See how the children 
run and hide! The people make them 
afraid of us, but we will sing and then 
they will come out of their hiding places. 
Now they are coming. Don't you pity 
them? Look at those poor little babies. 
They have no clothes but sunshine and 
when the sun hides away in the evening 
they feel the cold very much. 

" Do you hear that tiny baby screaming 
in that hut yonder? You sit here while I 
go and see. what is the matter. Children, 
that baby's mother has died, and they want 
me to take it to my babies' home. What 
shall I do? Shall I take it? I shall, you 
say. All right. I will take it and care for 
it. Here she is. Is she not a dear little 
thing? There are more in the home that 
the mission has built for them. They are 
your babies, children. Won't you help me 
care for them by praying and giving for 
this great work?" 

Sara G. Replogle gives us a pleasing 
picture of the Jalalpor Boarding School: 

" If you were, to visit our school'at Jalal- 
por some afternoon you would see the 
larger girls with Benabai Naranji, the ma- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tron of the school, and perhaps her own 
boys' sitting on the veranda in the sewing 
class as you see them in the, picture. Some- 
times they piece quilt blocks and at other 
times some of them do sewing on jackets 
or skirts for their own wear. Occasionally 
mending day comes, when ' the girls are 
taught to mend their own clothes. 

" In the evening in a similar manner they 
gather for their evening prayers. How 
our hearts rejoice 'when we hear them lift 
their voices in song and praise! And we 
pray that God may bless the efforts that 
are being put forth here, as well as else- 
where, for the purpose, of helping the girls 
of India." 

Wouldn't it be, wonderful if " Shanti " 
would turn out to be a prima donna? 
Elizabeth Kintner tells of one recital she 
heard at Bulsar: 

" The name of this little girl is Shanti, 
which means gentleness, quietness, or 
peace. But if you lived as near her home 
as I do, you might think~she had been mis- 
named, especially on Saturdays; for then 
she gathers together the other children who 
live near her and becomes their teacher. 
The Indian method of study and recitation 
is anything but quiet, for both are done 
aloud. They sing their numbers, their al- 
phabet and their poems. 

" Shanti is what we in American language 
would call a natural or born leader. She 
sometimes leads the rest of the children in 
what we call a guyan saba, or singing meet- 
ing, by crawling to the top round of a short 
ladder and gathering her crowds at the foot 
of the ladder, then " lining the hymn " by 
singing a line or two, each time followed 
by the singing of the crowd. She is a good 
singer and knows most of their songs from 

" She is a great talker and sometimes it is 
hard for her to keep quiet in the Sunday- 
school class. But I usually find that if I 
can manage to keep Shanti quiet, I do not 
have much trouble with the rest of them. 

"This picture will give you a good idea 
of the way the little Indian girls dress. 
The waists are short but the skirts often 
trail on the ground, and as they walk about 

they must hold them up, like our grand- 
mothers and aunties used to have to hold 
up their trains." 

Anetta C. Mow needs a little relaxation 
occasionally, so she watches the youngsters 
at play. One day she saw them playing 
" Watermelon," one of their favorites. 
Would you like to try it at recess? This 
is the way she says the girls do it at 

One girl stands in the center, with some 
eight to twenty girls squatting down 
around her and holding fast to her feet. 
On the outside of this watermelon vine, 
two girls walk around and sing the follow- 
ing: " O King, King, open the gate." 

The girl in the center then sings, "Who 
are all you people?" 

The girls walking around the circle an- 
swer, " We are black, black thieves." 

The center girl sings, " What have you 
people come to take away?" 

The girls walking around the circle an- 
swer, " The King's daughter has fallen 
down and therefore we want some water- 
melon." (This means that they wish the 


The Missionary Visitor 


watermelon so they may make a salve from 
it and use it as a medicine for the. King's 
daughter who fell and hurt herself while 
she was in the hands of these thieves.) 

The girl in the center answers, " The 
ground is just now being plowed, so you 
come back in a few days." 

Again this entire song of questions and 
answers is sung and at its close the girl 
in the center tells the thieves, " The seed 
has just now been planted, so you come 
back in a few days." 

The third time the song is repeated, as 
the two thieves walk around the watermelon 
vine, and at the close of the song, the cen- 
ter-girl says, "Now the seeds have sprouted, 
so you may come back in a few days." 

The fourth time the song is sung, the 
thieves are informed that the watermelon 
vine has begun to spread, and are asked to 
return in a few days. 

The fifth time the song is sung, the girl 
in the center says, " The vines are in bloom 
now, so you come back again in a few 

The next time she shows them that the 
watermelons are as large as her thumb. 

Again they have grown to be as large as 
her fist. 

Thus during four or five repetitions of 
the song, those melons grow larger and 
larger, until finally they are ripe. 

The last time they sing the song the girl 
in the center tells the thieves that the mel- 
ons are ripe and that they may be pulled 

At this, the two thieves tap and thump 
the melons on the head to see if they are 
ripe, and then begin to pull them off! 

Sometimes it is hard work to get some 
of the melons loose, but in time all are off. 
As they are pulled off, they go to one side 
and sit down in a straight line. 

When all are in this line, the two thieves 
come to them to swing them. Each girl 
sitting in the row crosses her feet and 
then catches hold of her big toes, holding 
with all her might. The two thieves tak- 
ing hold of their arms, swing them to see 
if they can shake them loose. As they 
swing them, they sing, " Your mother 

swung you, your father swung you and now 
we swing you!" 

The girls who continue to hold fast to 
their toes, then sit in one row, while the 
girls who let loose, sit in another row op- 
posite. The ones who hold fast are called 
" choku," which means " pure," while those 
who let loose are called " dherdi," which 
means "a low caste." (How clearly the 
caste idea of this land is shown!) 

Presently the. " pure bloods " get up, and 
walking toward the low-caste girls, re- 
vile them. This arouses the low-caste girls 
and they jump up and run after the others, 
trying to catch them. When all are caught, 
the game is ended. 

No doubt you will say, " What a queer 
game!" It is indeed an original game, just 
as the girls play it in their village homes. 

•,5* e5* 

Alice K. Ebey, long-time missionary, 
has discovered some jewels in the rubbish. 
You see, all they need is some one to sit 
down by them and patiently rub and polish 
— maybe many moons — to bring out the 
luster. These were plucked at Ahwa, in the 
Dangs Forest: 

" Here is a picture of Parbatti and Laxmi, 
typical Dangi girls as we have* them in our 
school, about thirty of such. Their mother 
is dead. They came, to us two years ago 
with their father, naked, thin — and hungry. 
They were so afraid of white people that 
they trembled in our presence. Laxmi was 
then two years old and Parbatti carried her 


The Missionary Visitor 


about. They are both in school now and 
Parbatti is among the brightest girls. 

" Parbatti and her father were baptized 
on the same day. Her father, Bro. Bala, is 
one of our most faithful Christians and it 
is a pleasure to see his spiritual growth. 
These are some of the gems gathered out 
of this jungle of ignorance and poverty 
and sin. How we wish there might be hun- 
dreds more finding life and joy in our Lord 
Jesus Christ!" 

Nettie. Brown tells how Segurna (how do 
you like that for a name?) found the joy 
of her life when she was directed to a mis- 
sionary school and learned to wear clothes 
and read and sew. She wants to be " dif- 
ferent " from her people. Miss Brown hails 
from Vada: 

" I am a little girl ten years old. My 
father died and then my mother and broth- 
er. That left me two married sisters and a 
married brother, but they did not want me 
and told me to go. Well, what to do? 

There were thieves in the town and I was 
afraid they would steal my jewelry and 
food that people gave to me. So I started 
out to follow some carts along the road, 
for I knew no one would molest me then. 
I did not know where they were going but 
I kept following for two days. 

" Finally we came near to a town called 
' Vada.' The carts stop just outside the 
village to feed the oxen and rest. A little 
girl came along past the. place and we be- 
gan to talk to each other. She found out 
all about me and said, ' Say, I know of a 
place where you can get something to eat 
and clothes. There are a lot of happy girls 
there. The woman that takes care, of them 
is kind. I would like to go there, but my 
papa and mama won't let me. If you want 
me to I will take you to the woman's house 
and tell her you want to stay at the school.' 

" I was so glad to hear something like 
that, for where would I ever get anything 
to eat? When I saw the place I thought, 
What a nice place to live! and the kind 

Our India Missionary Children 

1, Wilbur Eby; 2, Horner Eby; 3, Emma Wagoner; 4, Elizabeth Wagoner; 5, Lois Ebey; 6, Nina Ross; 
7, Lucile Forney; 8, Ruth Ross; 9, Pauline Ross; 10, Evelyn Ross; 11, Leah Ruth Ebey; 12, Beryl 
Butterbaugh; 13, lone Butterbaugh; 14, Vila Butterbaugh; 15, Lawrence Alley; 16, Herbert Eby; 
17, Ralph Alley. 

Other missionary children whose pictures we are not able to print are: 1. Frances Holsopple, David 
Blickenstaff, Leonard Blickenstaff, Josephine Miller, Nita Holsopple, Wilma June Butterbaugh, Mar- 
jorie Ellen Miller. This completes the list for India. 


The Missionary Visitor 


woman said that the girls would be glad 
to have me. That sounded strange to me, 
for my own sisters and brother did not 
want me. And the girls looked so happy. 
Well, they gave me some clothes to wear 
and I felt so funny in them. And that long 
skirt flapping around my legs almost tripped 
me till I got used to it. 

" The first day of school came and the 
teacher wrote some funny crooked letters 
on my slate and told me to make some like 
them. Well, what could I do but cry? I 
couldn't hold the pencil right and the 
things I made didn't look at all like the ones 
made for me. But I was determined I was 
going to learn to read and write like the 
other girls. So now after a few months I 
know a lot of the letters and I take one of 
the girls' books and find letters I know. 

" Then Miss Saheb began to teach me to 
sew. But how awkward I held the needle! 
But to the surprise of all I made very nice 
stitches — better than some that had been 
practicing for a long time. Each, time Miss 
Saheb gave me. a different kind of stitch to 
learn. I finally came to one that was hard- 
er than the rest, and the stitches went up 
hill and down, but the next time, they went 
straight and even. Everyone thinks it's a 
wonder that I can sew nice with such little 

11 1 am learning some wonderful things 
about Jesus, too, and I want to learn more, 

for these Christian people are different from 
anybody I ever knew. The next time you 
hear from me I think I'll be a school- 

I am composed of 19 letters. 
My 4, 5, 6, 10, is what fire does. 
My 3, 2, 9, is contrary to truth. 
My 1, 8, 12, 11, is a small song-bird. 
My 19, 5, 14, 15, is what water does to iron. 
My 3, 16, 17, 9, is God's essence. 
My 15, 8, 2, 7, 12, is a family, or race. 
My 14, 15, 9, 6, 11, is one end of a ship. 
My 4, 13, 16, 2, 3, is to cook. 
My 17, 18, 8, 7, is a part of speech. 
My 16, 17, 12, 10, is part of a stove. 
My whole is the name of our first man 
missionary to India. 

A Package of Fruits 

Take off your cap, please. 
I can wipe a china dish. 
Sister wears a plume in her hat. 
Smell the pitcher — rye whiskey! 
Dora is in the kitchen. 
I have a little money. 
We admire neither rudeness nor anger. 
He acts like a harlequin, certainly. 
You have a great head for figures. 
He acts like a cur, ranting about nothing. 
(December " Nuts " cracked in February) 


(Continued from Page 19) 

needs, and will seriously consider what they 
should do with the part of their income 
which belongs and should be given to the 
Lord, we feel confident that they will give 
enough to put the school on a sound basis. 
Here is a home mission problem in a sec- 
tion where there are very few members of 
our church. The field should be occupied. 
Brother and Sister Stump, denying them- 
selves many things in order to be able to 
give more to the school, will not release 
others of us from the responsibility of 
helping in a work the object of which is 
to do good to man and bring glory to him 
in whom we have believed. Those who 

wish to have part in this work and receive 
the blessing which will follow, should send 
their contributions to Mrs. John Stump, 
Falfurrias, Tex., as she is treasurer of the 
school fund. May the response be accord- 
ing to the needs of the work. 


(Continued from Page 32) 

enough for me 'is good enough for my 
baby," but we are hoping to change things. 
When once the curse of drink is lifted, 
then we can hope to have a real chance for 
improvement; then they will be able to 
throw off this lethargy that seems to have 
them in its grip. With a clear brain and 
food they will become thrifty, and thus 
give a chance for better development. 



The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of November the Board sent 
out 3,610 tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during November: 
Arizona — $5.00 

Indv. : Nancy D. Underhill, $ 5 00 

California— $10.50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Eld. J. A. Brubaker 
(M. N.) (Pomona) 50c; Aid Society: Pasa- 
dena Ladies', $10, 30 50 

Canada— $1.00 

Indv.: J. H. Brubaker (M. N.), 100 

Illinois— $6.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Eld. Jas. M. Moore 
(M. N.) (Lanark), 50c; C. E. Delp (M. N.) 
(Lanark) . 50c, 1 CO 

So. Dist., Cong.: Frank Etnoyer and wife 

(Cerro Gordo), S 00 

Indiana— $66.2(3 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eel River, $13.50; Loon 
Creek, $33.06; Sarah Ball (W. Eel River), 
$1; Hannah Armey (W. Eel River), SI; Su- 
san Leckrone (W. Eel River), $1; Emanuel 
Leckrone (W. Eel River), $5; unknown 
donor of Sidney, $5, 59 56 

No. Dist., Cong..: Eld. Chas. C. Gripe 
(Bremen), 50c; G. H. Van Dyke (M. N.) 
(No. Winona Lake), 50c; Galen Hanawalt 

(Yellow River), $5.67, 6 67 

Iowa— $30.93 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Albert W. Morris, .... 93 

No. Dist., Cong.: L. M. Eby (Waterloo), 
$5; Mrs. Tete Zapf (Grundy County), $5, 10 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. Schlotman (Council 
Bluffs), $10; C. W. S.: Franklin, $10, .... 20 00 

Kansas— $272.53 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chapman Creek, $13.53; 
District Meeting of N. E. Kans., $259, 272 53 

Maryland — 50c 

E. Dist., Indv.: Geo. A. Early (M. N.), .. 50 

Michigan— $14.20 

Cong. : Beaverton, 14 20 

Missouri— $18.75 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: D. Lincoln Baker, $2; 
James P. Harris and Wife,, $10, 12 00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Knights of Honor " 

Class, Wakenda, 6 75 

New York— 50c 

Cong.: J. S. Noffsinger (M. N.) (First 

Brooklyn), 50 

North Dakota— $3.75 

S. S. : Newberry, 3 75 

Ohio— $97.35 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, $21.35; 
Indv.: Simeon Longanecker, $25, 46 35 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Ridge, $50; 
D. Byerly (M. N.) (Pleasant View), $1, .... 51 00 

Pennsylvania— $347.67 

E. Dist.., Cong.: White Oak, $24.26; S. 
S. : Quakertown (Springfield),- $75; Indv.: 
Nathan Martin (M. N.), 50c, 99 76 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park $125; 
Indv.: Cecil Snyder, $30, 155 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 54653 (Carlisle) 20 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Upper Dublin, 1 91 

W. Dist., Cong.: Eld. Jason B. Hollo- 
peter (M. N.), $1; N. H. Blough, $70, .... 7100 
Tennes see— $3 .00 

Indv.: Jessie Diehl 3 00 

Texas— $8.71 

Cong. : Nocona, 8 71 

Virginia— $29.40 

First Dist., Cong.: Chestnut Grove, 23 98 

No. Dist., S. S. : Luray (Mt. Zion), .... 3 42 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Nannie Sutphin 

(Angels Rest), 2 00 

Wisconsin— $50.00 
Cong.: J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 966 02 

Total previously reported, 13,790 31 

Total for the year, $ 14,756 33 

California — $69.00 

So. Dist., Volunteer Mission Band, La 

Verne College, 69 00 

Illinois— $201.00 

No. Dist., Students and Faculty of Mt. 

Morris College, 201 00 

Indiana — $4.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: I. J. Sollenberger 

(Manchester), 4 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Ludy (Upper 

Twin), ". 5 00 

Virginia— $40.00 

E. Dist., Students and faculty of Hebron 
-Seminary, 40 00 

Total for the month, $ 319 00 

Total previously reported, 3,729 24 

Total for the year $ 4,048 24 

Iowa — $11.50 

No. Iowa, Minn, and S. D. Aid Societies, 11 50 

Kansas — $20.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies: Appanoose, 

$10; Washington Creek, $10, 20 00 

Minnesota — $10.00 

Aid Society: Root River, 10 00 

Missouri— $63.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies 63 00 

Nebraska— $30.00 

Aid Society: Holmesville (South Bea- 
trice), 30 00 

Ohio— $20.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: New Lebanon, .. 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 154 50 

Total previously reported, 7,255 12 

Total for the year, $ 7,409 62 

Idaho— $1.20 

Cong. : Mrs. E. L. Shideler (Clearwater), 1 20 

Missouri— $6.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv. : Lizzie Fahnestock, . . 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 7 20 

Total previously reported, 99 03 

Total for the year, $ 106 23 

(For World-Wide Missions) 
Arizona— $10.00 
Cong.: Sarah Boots (Glendale), 10 00 

Arkansas— 19.10 

First Dist., Indv.: W. H. Clark, 10 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Springdale, $4.10; Eld. 

C. H. Brown (Springdale), $5, 9 10 

California— $460.83 
No. Dist., Cong.: Waterford, $42.65; Reed- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ley, $200.25; Indv.: Mrs. Clara A. Holloway, 

So. Dist., Cong.: Santa Ana, $88.93; A 
Brother and Sister (Pomona), S. S. Bru- 
baker (La Verne), $10; L. G. Cripe and 
Wife (First Los Angeles), $100; S. S. : Sarah 
A. Nininger (Santa Ana), $5; Indv.: Nannie 
A. Harmon, $2; Ira Studebaker, $5, 215 93 

Colorado— $47.83 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $15.15; Hax- 

tun, $25.68; Indv.: Henry Hutton, $5, 45 83 

W. Colo., Cong.: Salem Beery (Fruita), 2 00 

Florida— $11.00 

Indv.: "A Friend," $1; "The Lord's 

Tenth," $5; D. M. Irvin, $5, 11 00 

Idaho— $172.04 

Cong.: Payette Valley, $121; Weiser 
$34.04; J. B. Lehman (Nezperce), $5; Ella 

Hostetler (Payette Valley), $12, 172 04 

Illinois— $424.81 

No. Dist., Cong.: Naperville, $2; Elgin, 
$174.50; Rockford, $15;. Batavia, $26.51; Mt. 
Carroll, $10.60; Katherine Boyer (Waddams 
Grove), $10; John A. Bossert (Elgin), $5; 
A. W. Zillhart and Wife (Mt. Carroll), $4; 
Ellen Zillhart (Mt. Carroll), $2; Mrs. Eliza- 
beth Robinson (Bethany), $2; S. S.: Ba- 
tavia, $10; " Ever Faithful " Class, Batavia, 
$3; Aid Society: Batavia Ladies, $10; C. 
W. S.: Batavia, $10, 284 61 

So. Dist., Cong.: Okaw, $32.70; Woodland, 
$10; Mrs. Ida L. Thompson (Hudson), $1; 
Eliza Renner (Mill Creek), $1; Rachel Phil- 
lips (Okaw), $7; Martha E. Weber (Wood- 
land), $2; H. A. Stauffer (Mulberry Grove), 
$2; Elmer M. Hersch (Blue Ridge), $2.50; 
S. S. : Astoria, $50; "Signal Light Girls" 
Class, Astoria, $5; Indv..: Mrs. R. A. For- 
ney, $5; Mabel Goshorn, $20; T. A. Robin- 
son and Wife, $2 140 20 

Indiana— $1,240.92 

Mid Dist., Cong.: Burnetts Creek, $26.25; 
Peru, $54; Mexico, $41.95; Clear Creek, $18; 
Portland, $6.87; Wesley Miller (Kewanna), 
$2; Joe E. Ulery (Plunge Creek Chapel), 
$100; Miss Mabel Monce (Manchester), $2; 
A Friend (Loon Creek), $5; Frances A. 
Crill (Wabash), $1; Emma Hamilton (Hunt- 
ington City), $5; R. G. and Mae Keever 
(Lower Deer Creek), $3; " In His Name " 
(Logansport), $2; Phobe Lee (Landisville), 
$10; Emery L. Quinn (Bachelor Run), $2; 
S. S.: Markle, $9; Clear Creek, $12.61; Aid 
Society: Manchester, $50; Indv.: Leslie 
C. Heckman, $10, 360 68 

No. Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove, $20; Rock 
Run, $80; Yellow Creek, $32.19; No. Winona 
Lake, $77.36; Bethel, $35; First South Bend, 
$44; Young People of Auburn, $3.43; Nicho- 
las Waugaman and Wife (West Goshen), 
$8; Samuel B. Reppert and Wife (English 
Prairie), $20; Martha A. Marquart (Ft. 
Wayne), $5; Levi Zumbrunn and Wife (Blue 
River), $25; Maggie A. Johnson, (First So. 
Bend), $20; Mary Yoder, (Yellow River), 
$3; Mrs. E. E. Shively (Yellow River), $10; 
Mrs. Sam Yazel, (Bremen), $2; R. L. Morn- 
ingstar (First So. Bend), $5; W. U. Miller 
(Elkhart City), $5; Mrs. Gladie S. Miller 
(Elkhart City), $5; David J Miller (Elk- 
hart City), $2.50; Florence E. Miller (Elk- 
hart City, $2.50; S. S. : English Prairie, 
$25.40; Elkhart Valley, $75; Anna McCoy, 
(Ft. Wayne), $1; C. W. S.: Bremen, $5; 
Indv.: A. L. Miller, $5; M. A. Harbaugh, 

$3 519 38 

So. Dist., Cong: White, $15.42; Nettle 
Creek, $127.50; Indianapolis, $55.31; Mt. 
Pleasant/ $16.28; Pyrmont, $50.25; Rossville, 
$28.50; Ettie E. Holler (Nettle Creek), $10; 
Elizabeth Miller (New Hope), $2; Jas. A. 
Byer and Wife (Beech Grove), $2.60; Un- 
known donor (Muncie), $; Sarah A. Hud- 
dleston (Howard), $2; Indv.: Austin Himes, 
$50 360 86 

Iowa— $611.86 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Coon River, $5; "A 
Friend " (Yale), $10; Mrs. D. P. Chamber- 
lin (Ankeny), $1; E. L. West (Des Moines), 
$25; Indv.: Ann R. Troup, $20; Mrs. D. E. 

Hoover, $10; Ora L. Hoover, $100, 17100 

No. Dist., Cong.: Curlew, $64.20; Greene, 
$12.30; Kingsley, $46.70; Franklin County, 
$21.52; Mary S. Newsom (Waterloo), $1; 
James Gallentine and Wife (Slifer), $3; 
David Brallier and Family (Curlew), $10; 
S. S.: Greene, $20.28; Indv.: Mary D. Welty, 

$1, 180 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $54.31; Osceola, 
$9.50; Monroe County, $10.64; Mt. Etna, 
$25.43; Liberty ville, $137.24; Council Bluffs, 
$13.74; Crooked Creek, $5; Mrs. H. Kurtz 

(Salem), $5, 260 86 

Kansas— $782.76 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Morrill, $323.13; Olathe, 
17.42; Holland (Abilene), $5.56; Abilene, $30; 
Topeka, $23.45; Oakland, $10.35; Miss Lu- 
cretia Lake (Ozawkie), $1; Mary Hickerson 
(McLouth), $5; Mrs. S. S. Engle (Mor- 
rill), $5; Emma Hass (Topeka), $2; S. S. : 
Ramona, $26; Morrill, $100; Helping Hand 
Class, Morrill, $10; " Servants of the Mas- 
ter " Class, $40; Aid Society: Morrill Ladies, 
$5, 603 91 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove, $10; 
Belleville, $19; Burr Oak, $3; Catharine 
Whetstone (Maple Grove), $3; Indv.: B. 
Alles and Wife, $5; H. W. Bolin, $7.50; Un- 
known donor of Salina, $2, 49 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Chanute, $13; Osage, 
$2; J. W. Kirkendall and Wife (Inde- 
pendence), $5; Emma Sell (Fredonia), $10; 
Brother and Sister Schul (Grenola), $50; 
Indv.: Mrs. N. P. Nelson, $5, 85 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: W. Wichita, $19.55; 
Bloom, $12.80; Kate Yost (Peabody), $10; 

A Sister (McPherson), $2, 44 35 

Maryland— $194.67 

E. Dist., Cong.: Washington City, $53.67; 
Mrs. D. A. Ebaugh (Meadow Branch), $2; 
" Sister in Christ " (Baltimore), $3; Har- 
vey E. Beard (Meadow Branch), $25, 83 67 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, $10; Lick- 
ing Creek, $12; No. 54674 (Hagerstown), $25; 
Delia M. Galor (Beaver Creek), $10; Un- 
known donor (Hagerstown), $2; Harry K. 
Zeller (Hagerstown), $25, *. 84 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Silas Miller and Fami- 
ly (Bear Creek), $10; Eld. I. W. Abernathy 
and Wife (Fairview), $10; H. S. Coleman 
(Cherry Grove), $5; Indv.: Clarence E. 

Coleman, $2, 27 00 

Michigan— $58.20 

Cong.: Crystal, $5.20; Homestead, $8; 
Samuel Bowman (Zion), $25; S. S. : Pontiac 
(Detroit), $2; Indv.: Ruth Vaniman, $5; 
Lyman B. Wilcox, $3; Eld. D. S. Kniesley 

$10, 58 20 

Minnesota— $9.00 

Cong.: Albert Seidel and Wife (Worthing- 
ton), $5; Indv.: Melissa Longhenry, $2; Orin 

Chapman, $2 9 00 

Missouri— $120.06 

Mid. Dist.., Cong.: Happy Hill, $6.01; D. 
H. Longenecker (Kansas City), $25; Eliza- 
beth Mohler (Mineral Creek), $5; A Sister 
(Warrensburg), $2; Indv.: Lutie and Maude 
Holloway, $2; J. W. Lovegrove, $5, ._, 45 01 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakenda, $37.35; Indv.: 
Mrs. L. Cummins, $3.35, 40 70 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Birthday Offering, 
Broadwater, 5 85 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Fairview, $20.50; 
Greenwood, $1; Indv.: Mary J. Mays, 

$7, 28 50 

Montana— $10.45 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. James Harp (Kal- 
ispell), $5; Ollie and Bessie Harp (Kalis- 
pell), $5.45 10 45 


The Missionary Visitor 


Nebraska— $86.65 

Cong.: Falls City, $12.89; Lincoln, $21.25; 
Octavia, $20.26; A Sister (Lincoln), $2.50; 
Mrs. Loma Tager (Lincoln), $1; S. S. : Lin- 
coln, $8.75; Aid Society: Lincoln, $20, 86 65 

New Mexico — $5.00 

Indv. : Unknown donor, 5 00 

North Carolina— $54.00 
Cong.: Mill Creek, $17; Melvin Hill, $32; 

Indv.: Mrs. W. F. Frisbee, $5, 54 00 

North Dakota— $17.15 

Cong.: Berthold, $5.15; Ben Frank and 
Wife (Williston), $2; Aid Society: New 

Rockford Ladies,' $10 17 15 

New Jersey— $25.00 

Indv.: F. E. Baldwin, 25 00 

Ohio— $1,648.65 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Akron, $41.15; Hart- 
ville, $200; Greenwood, $54.15; Jonathan 
Creek, $65.55; Freeburg, $5; Elizabeth Toms 
(Goshen), $10; A Brother (E. Chippewa), $5; 
No. 54647 (Black River), $50; A Brother 
(Black River), $10; Catharine Wohlgamuth 
(Mohican), $8; A. D. Helser (Jonathan 
Creek), $5; S. S.: Black River, $15; Hart- 
ville, $1; Aid Society: Hartville, $1; Indv.: 
Jacob D. Miller and Wife, $2.50; Geo. H. 
Irvin, $25, .. 498 35 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $127.84; 
Fostoria, $14.45; Lela A. Moyer (Silver 
Creek), $10; Peter Detrick (Bellefontaine), 
$10; C. W. S.: Junior, Fostoria, $6; Indv.: 
Mrs. B. E. Litt, $2, 170 29 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $20; East 
Dayton, $18.54; Prices Creek, $31.16; Painter 
Creek, $84.75; Sugar Hill, $68; Pleasant Hill, 
$275.71; Greenville, $50; Union City, $26; 
Brookville, $33.32; West Milton, $15; Mrs. 
Amanda Burkett (Ash Grove), $3; Anna 
Lesh (Stone Lick), $2; S. and S. (New 
Carlisle), $100; Dr. M. M. Brubaker and 
Wife (Covington), $100; Drs. Harold C. and 
Blanche B. Miller (Cincinnati), $25; Jesse 
Root and Wife (Bradford), $2; Ollie Kizer 
(Sidney), $2; Dayton K. Brubaker (West 
Dayton), $10; Miss Lura B. Pittenger 
(Pleasant Hill), $10; S. S.: Castine (Prices 
Creek), $41.66; Pitsburg and Ludlow Church 
(Pitsburg), $27.87; Aid Society: Lower 
Miami, $25; Indv.: Katie Beath, $2; Mrs. 

H. S. Chalfont, $2; A. C. Schue, $5, 980 01 

Oklahoma— $165.62 

Cong.: Mounds Mission Point of Hydro, 
$100; W. A. Foster and Wife (Elk City), 
$50; S. S.: Guthrie, $8.62; Indv.: R. S. and 
Ella Rust, $5; M. L. Miller and Wife, $2, 165 62 
Oregon— $42.08 

Cong.: Ashland, $38.83; Indv.: Mrs. Eliz- 
abeth M. Robinson, $1.25; C. A. Robinson, 

$2 4208 

Pennsylvania— $1,684.17 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Ellen Geesaman, 
(Lancaster), $3; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek), $10; Mrs. Jacob Steiger (Spring- 
field), $2; Anna E. Shank (White Oak), $3; 
P. C. Nyce (Reading), 1; Mary E. Eberly 
(Lancaster), $25; Aid Society: Ephrata Sis- 
ters, $300 '.. 34400 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Claar, $15.38; Claar 
(Queen), $10; Mary E. Detwiler (Hunt- 
ingdon), $6; Chas. Calvert Ellis (Hunt- 
ingdon), $10; Grace B. Strayer (Woodbury), 
$10; Susan Rouzer (Dunnings Creek), $10; 
Mrs. H. E. B. (Clover Creek), $5; No. 1022 
(Clover Creek), $5; S. S.: Helping Hand 
Class, 28th St., Altoona, $25; Primary 
Dept., Spring Run, $31.19; C. W. S.: 28th 
St., Altoona Junior, $1.75; Indv.: John B., 
Eleanor J. Brumbaugh and Lizzie Miller, 
$6; No. 54707. $10; Catharine Wright, $15, 160 32 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem. (Phil- 
adelphia)/ 100 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Ridge hoUse (Ridge), 
$30; Upper Cumberland, $25.21; York, 

$124.57; Sugar Valley, $10.02; H. J. Shallen- 
berger and Wife (Lost Creek), $10; Amanda 
Krissinger (Lost Creek), $5; A. M. Keesey 
and Wife, Black Rock (Upper Codoros), 
$5; No. 54889 (Carlisle), $2; No. 54890 (Car- 
lisle), $5; Jeremiah Geiman (Antietam), 
$25; H. C. Price (Antietam), $25; Indv.:. 
Mrs. Mattie F. Hollinger, $2 268 80 

W. Dist., Cong.: Rockton, $35.30; Scalp 
Level, $140.17; Maple Spring (Quemahon- 
ing), $94.54; Mt. Union, $10; Moxham, $15; 
W. H. Walker and Wife (Berlin), $15; An- 
nie M. Widdowson (Montgomery), $5; H. 
D. Widdowson (Montgomery), $5; Mrs. An- 
na Saylor, (Rockwood), $15; Harry Allison 
(Windber), $10; J. G. Kimmel (Plum Creek), 
$2; D. F. Lepley (Connellsville), $300; Mrs. 
Anna Yates (Jacobs Creek), $5; Mary E. 
Fritz (Somerset), $3; S. S.: Windber, 
(Scalp Level), $10; Red Bank, $32.25; " True 
Blue " Class, Garrett (Berlin), $10; And 
Societies: Maple Spring Sisters, $25; Geiger 
(Brothers valley and Middlecreek), $25; C. 
W. S.: Penn Run (Manor), $29.79; Indv.: 
A Sister, $3; D. Harry Pressel, $10; Ross 
F. Sappington and Wife, $10; Mrs. Marga- 
ret Coble, $1 81105 

Tennessee — $14.65 

Cong.: New Hope, $10.65; Jesse D. Clarke 
(Piney Flats), $2; Indv.: Isolated member 

at Winchester, $2, ;... 14 65 

Texas— $6.00 

Cong.: Nocona, !... 6 00 

Virginia— $823.63 

First Dist., Cong. :' Roanoke City, $625.78; 
P. E. Faw (Roanoke City), $5; Indv.: Mrs. 
J. W. Woodford, $1.50; M. G. Riley, $2 634 28 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $96; C. B. 
Miller (Mt. Zion), $1; Anna F. Thomas, 
(Cooks Creek), $21; Flora V. Myers (Mill 
Creek), $10; Mary Smith (Powells Fort), 
$2; J. P. Strohle and Wife (New Port), $10; 
Indv. : S. H. Hansenflick and Family, $9, . . 149 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Chimney Run, $3.45; 
Valley Bethel, $8.90; Ressie Kanost (Elk 
Run), $5; Ira L. and Cora V. Garber (Mid- 
dle River), $5, 22 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Christiansburg, $13; 

Sarah J. Hylton (Coulson), $5, 18 00 

Washington— $136.04 

Cong.: Wenatchee City, $70; Reuben 
Breashears (Omak), $7.11; S. S.: Omak, 
93c; Wenatchee City, $33; Aid Society: 
Seattle, $10; Indv.: C. L. Ledbetter, $15, .... 136 04 
West Virginia— $81.50 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $1; Red. 
Bank, $20.50; Jacob Abe, wife and daughter, 
(Old Furnace), $6; T. M. Michael and Wife 
(Greenland), $3; B. F. Wratchford (Eglon), 
$2; S. S.: White Pine, $15; Indv.: Meluah 
D. Jones, $5; Geo. T. and R. E. Leather- 
man, $10; Susan Harvey, $2; Sarah C. Way- 
bright, $5 69 50 

Sec. Dist., Indv.: Emma Kilmer, $10; 

Jesse Judy, $2, 12 00 

Wisconsin— $34.85 

Cong.: White Rapids, $20; Rice Lake, 
$8.85; Mrs. Willis Ikleberry (Ash Ridge), 
$5; Indv.: Sarah E. Wilson, $1, 34 85 

Total for the month, $ 8,998 52 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 8,998 52 

Canada— $87.50 

Cong. : No. 54592 (Irricana), . 87 50 

Iowa— $80.00 

Cong.: A Brother (Dallas Center) 80 00 

India— $25.00 

Indv. : No. 54507 (Bulsar), 25 00 

Michigan — $2.15 

Cong. : Beaverton, 2 15 

January The 

Pennsylvania— $28.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Millbach (Richland), $8; 

Frystown (Little Swatara), $20.50, 

Tennessee— $5.00 

Indv. : A Sister, 

Virginia— $17.87 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Vernon, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 


Alabama — $5.00 

Cong.: Fruitdale, Citronelle, Mobile and 


Florida— $15.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young, . 

Maryland— $5.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Edgewood, 

Nebraska— $60.00 

S. S. : Kearney, 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported 

Total for the year, $ 


Illinois— $28.62 

No. Dist., S. S.: Children of Waddams 


Indiana— $12.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: "Children of the King," 

Oak Grove (No. Winona Lake), 

Iowa— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Iowa River), 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 

Kansas— $20.18 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Conway Springs, .... 
Michigan — 80c 

Cong.: Beaverton 

Pennsylvania— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S. : Spring Creek 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: J. E. Young 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 


Indiana— $25.00 . 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lona Swihart (Mexico), 
Iowa— $62.50 

No. Dist., C. "W. S.: Sheldon, 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: So. Keokuk 

New Mexico— $110.00 

S. S. : Miami, 

Ohio— $100.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. M. Pittenger (Pleas- 
ant Hill), 

Oregon— $61.00 

S. S.: Newberg, $9; C. W. S. : Newberg, 

$2; Myrtle Point, $50, 

Pennsylvania— $50.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: J. E. Eicher (Jacobs 


West Virginia— $12.50 

Sec. Dist., S. S.: Beans Chapel, 

Wisconsin— $12.50 

Cong.: O. L. Harley (White Rapids), .. 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Missionary Visitor 31 

Indiana— $10.00 

28 50 Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lower Deer Creek,.... 10 00 

New Mexico — $4.00 
5 00 C. W. S.: Clovis Junior, 4 00 

.- fi , Total for the month $ 14 00 

11 - v Total previously reported, 1,170 87 

. ^ 02 Total for the year> $ ljlg4 g7 


2 363 71 Nebraska— $50.00 

Cong.: M. J. Kanost (Enders), 50 00 

Total for the month, $ 50 00 

Total previously reported, 9100 

500 Total for the year $ 14100 


15 °° California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Pasadena Ladies, 5 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

gQ qq Total previously reported, 26 00 

35~Q0 Total for the year, $ 3100 


. Canada— $87.50 

1,333 60 Cong.: No. 54592 (Irricana), 87 50 

Illinois— $5.04 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Batavia Junior, .. 5 04 

Kansas— $12.50 

2 o 62 ^* ^' ■ D ^ st -» Cong.: Ramona, 12 50 

Michigan — 35c 
Cong.: Beaverton, 35 

12 00 Missouri— $2.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Miller Van Pelt (Waken- 

1000 da), ...... 225 

5 oo Pennsylvania— $58.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Millbach (Richland), .. 8 00 

„ 1Q W. Dist., Cong.: Public School (Glade 

^ 18 Run), 50 00 

South Dakota— $9.60 
80 Indv.: Mrs. Amanda Bjilkstrom, 9 60 

37 50 Total for the month, $ 175 24 

Total previously reported, 2,139 04 

10 00 Total for the year, $ 2,314 28 


1 898 25 Michigan — $15.00 

__! Cong.: Custer, 15 00 

2 022 35 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Total previously reported, 987 97 

Total for the year, $ 1,002 97 

Michigan — 25c 

SO °0 Cong.: Beaverton, 25 

Tennessee — $1.00 

nooo Indv ' : A Sister ' [^ 

Total for the month, $ 125 

Total previously reported, 268 72 

^0 00 m , , , 

Total for the year, $ 269 97 


61 00 California— $150.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Frank Hepner and Wife 
(Glendora), $60; " Elder First-Aiders " 

cri „ Class (Glendora), $15; " Elder Life Savers'" 

50 0° Bible Class, (Glendora), $15; " Elder Sis- 
ters' " Bible Class (Glendora), $30; Aid 

12 50 Society: Covina Ladies, $30, 150 00 

Michigan — 35c 

12 50 Cong.: Beaverton 35 

433 50 Total for the month, $ 150 35 

3,922 47 Total previously reported, 263 93 

4,355 97 Total for the year, $ 414 28 


The Missionary Visitor 


California— $87.50 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Laton 50 00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Missionary Class (Covina), 37 50 
Illinois— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: S. T. A. R. Class 

(Woodland), 25 00 

Indiana— $18.75 

No. Dist., S. S.: " Elite Class,? Nappanee, 18 75 
North Dakota— $31.25 

S. S.: Banner Class, Surrey, $6.25; Ken- 
mare, $25, 31 25 

Pennsylvania— $12.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Andrew and Phillip Bible 
Class, Lancaster, 12 50 

Total for the month ..$ 175 00 

Total previously reported, 1,01191 

Total for the year, $ 1,186 91 

California— $25.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Long 
Beach, 25 00 


Total for the month, $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 179 20 

Total for the year, $ 204 20 

Indiana— $10.10 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Sugar Creek, 10 10 

Total for the month, $ 10 10 

Total previously reported, 199 96 

Total for the year $ 210 06 

Idaho— $1.20 

Cong. : Mrs. E. L. Shideler (Clearwater), 1 20 

Indiana— $48.60 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: "A Shut-in," 2 02 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Chapel, $24.51; 
Young People of Auburn, $8.57; First So. 

Bend, $13.50 46 58 

Kansas— $35.50 

S. W. Dist., S. S.: Conway Springs, .... 35 50 
Maryland— $49.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Edgewood, $20; Piney 

Creek, $29, , 49 00 

Pennsylvania— $159.77 

E. Dist., S. S.: Midway, $30; Anchor Class, 
Spring Creek, $5; Ever Faithful Class, 
Spring Creek, $24; Hopeful Class, Spring 
Creek, $10; Anchor Class, Spring Creek, $5; 
Cong. : Lititz, $25, 99 00 

W. Dist., Purchase Line Cong, and S. 

S. (Manor), 60 77 

Washington— $21.83 

Cong. : Seattle 21 83 

Total for the month, $ 315 90 

Total previously reported, 269 75 

Total for the year, $ 585 65 

Colorado— $102.34 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Ben Stouffer and Family 

(Rocky Ford) 102 34 

Maryland— $61.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Meyersville (Middletown 

Valley), 6100 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Geiger Mem. (Phil- 
adelphia), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 173 34 

Total previously reported, 42193 

Total for the year $ 595 27 

Tennessee — $4.00 

Indv. : "A Sister," 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Total previously reported, 182 78 

Total for the year, $ 186 78 

Maryland— $4.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Joshua H. Armacost 
(West Point), $1.50; S. S. : West Point, 
$2-50, , 4 00 

Total for the month, $ 4 00 

Total previously reported, 127 00 

Total for the year, $ 13100 


(Continued from Page 9) 
of them come from the unfortunate class- 
es. The babies in the better homes look 
quite different. There you will find them 
clean, well fed, roly-poly and happy gener- 
ally, and best of all they are the darlings 
of the parents' hearts. 

Now we will go to our Christian master's 
home and see the babies. Is not this a 
rest to your tired eyes after what we have 
seen? See how happy, and clean and lov- 
ing they are; not a bit afraid of daddy, for 
he loves them with the love that God 
kindled in him when he gave his heart to 
God. On the walls of this home you will 
find a few Christian pictures. On the small 
table you will see a Bible and song book. 
The house, is clean, and somehow you feel 
that the Christ tarries there and sends to 
it his blessing. 

In the better heathen, or non-Christian 
homes, I should say, while all seems right, 
there is lacking that something which is 
present in the Christian home. It is this 
and the absolute absence of anything re- 
sembling humanity in the poor homes that 
has made us decide to .carry on a better- 
baby campaign if this is at all possible. The 
well-to-do have the desire, and in part car- 
ry it out, but the poor! We do not have 
words to express our impressions! How 
can we teach them! They live in huts; the 
lying-in bed is the floor; one-half of the 
babies die at birth, or before the. first month 
is ended, and we cannot but say, " Happy 
baby, that need not face life in this con- 
dition." The slogan of the mothers in past 
years seems to have been, " What was good 
(Continued on Page 27) 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

OTHO WINGER. North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Elgin, 111. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGTI, Waterloo, Iowa 


H. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa- 
tional Secretary, Editor Missionary Visitor 
M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 
All correspondence for the Board should he addressed to Elgin, Illinois 

H. C. EARLY. President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President 
CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 



Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

*Esbensen, Niels 

'Esbensen, Christine 
Friisgatan No. 1 
Malmb, Sweden 

Gravl.iH. 1. V. 

Grayl ill. Alice M. 

Buckingham, Ida 

P.'ng Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna Y. 
Bright, J. Homer 
Bright. Minnie F. 
Crumpacker, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Flory, Edna R. 
Horning, Emma 
Metzger, Minerva 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oberholtzer, Elizaheth W. 
Rider. Bessie M. 
Shock, Laura J. 
Sollenherger, O. C. 
Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 
Vaniman, Finest D. 
Vaniman, Susie C. 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School 
Pek'n, China 

Bowman. Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blicken staff, Miles 

Blickenstaff, Erma 

Co ft man, Dr. Carl 

Coffman, Feme H. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Horning. Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Hutchison, Anna 

Miller. Valley 

Pollock. Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

Wampler, Vida A. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper. V. Grace 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith, Frances Sheller 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. 
C. A., Shansi, China 

Myers. Minor M. 

Myers, Sara Z. 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Flory, Raymond C Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Detained beyond furlough 

Bruhaker, Dr. O. G.. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Bruhaker, Cora M. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via B.limora, India 

E!ie\ . Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. T. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Ebv, Emma H. 

Hpffcrt, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizaheth 

Mohler, Tennie 

Nickev, Dr. Barbara M. 

Ross, A. W. 

Ross, Flora N. 

Rover, B. Mary 

Shiekcl, Elsie 

Shumaker, Ida 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorle, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Holsopple, Q. A. 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 
Butterhaugh, Andrew G. 
Butterhaugh, Bertha L. 
Ehbert. Ella 
Shull, Chalmer G. 
Shull, Mary S. 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 
Forney, D. L. 
Forney, Anna M. 
Replogle, Sara G. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Hollenherg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kay lor, Ina Marshhurn 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 
Garner. Kathryn B. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Miller, Sadie J. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Mow, Anetta 
Summer, Benjamin F. 
W'iddowson, Olive 
On Furlough 

Arnold, S. Ira, Ludlow- 

ville. N. Y. 
Arnold, Elizaheth, Lud- 

lowville, N. Y. 
Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Long, Effie V., Bridgewa- 
ter, Va. 
Powell, Tosephine, Aurora, 


Detained beyond furlough 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R., 3435 

Van Buren St.. Chicago 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, 

Bitten ger. L M., Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

1'ittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover. Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris. 111. 
Sw.irtz, Goldie E., Ash- 
land, Ohio 

Please Notice — Postage on letters to our mission 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
* Native workers trained in America. 

•ies is 5c for each ounce or 

With Williams Our Secretary 


Agents wanted in 
every congregation 

The great Christian ideals exemplified in 
the lives of the early apostles are known to us 
because a record of their acts has been pre- 
served in printed form. 

The story of Brother Williams' life will be 
to the young people of our church what Carey 
and Livingstone have meant to young people 
the world over. 

More than 2,000 sold already. 

Written by the editor of our Sunday-school 

Well bound in dark blue cloth with Brother 
Williams' portrait as frontispiece. 

General Mission Board 



Maps of Our Foreign Mission Fields 

To gain an accurate knowledge from the reports of the various fields a 
good map is essential. Every church should have maps of our foreign mission 
territories. When you give and pray for the missionary and his work it will 
help to locate him on the map. 

Map of Our China Field 

The map shows the territory for which the Church of the Brethren is 
responsible in China. Drawn to show the main stations and also the smaller 
out-stations in which work is conducted. Size 20x28. Paper uncolored, 25c; 
Cloth uncolored, 40c ; Cloth colored, 65c. 

Map of Our India Field 

The ten mission stations are located and the course of the British railway 
is marked as it passes through the territory. The map has been drawn by 
Dr. A. Raymond Cottrell who has served for seven years as medical mission- 
ary in this field. Size 16x28 inches. Paper uncolored, 25c; Cloth uncolored, 
40c ; Cloth Colored, 65c. 

Address orders to 

General Mi&sioiv Board 



Church of the 'Brethren 


Febrtasiryp 1922 

NO. 2 


My TasK 

To love some one more dearly ev'ry day, 

To help a wand'ring child to find his way, 

To ponder o'er a noble thought, and pray, 
And smile when evening falls — 
This is my task. 

To follow truth as blind men long for light, 

To do my best from dawn of day till night, 

To keep my heart fit for his holy sight, 
And answer when he calls — 
This is my task. 

And then my Savior by and by to meet, 

When faith hath made her task on earth complete, 
And lay my homage at the Master's feet, 

Within the jasper walls — 
This crowns my task. 

— E. L. Ashford. 

The Mission Study Courses 


Christian Heroism, by Royer, 75e 

Ancient Peoples at New Tasks, by 
Price, 75c 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Shepard of Aintab, by Riggs, ! $.75 

The Book of Personal Work, by Faris, 1.25 

Argonauts of Faith, by Matthews, I.59 

Sadhu Sundar Singh, by Parker, 1.15 


Price 50c 



Price Mc 


(The term Junior is inclusive of all between primary and adult age) 

Primary Folks at Mission Study, by Eisenbise $ J8 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— China, .60 

Junior Folks at Mission Study— India, by Berkebile, .60 


(The following books are to be read for one year's credit) 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth, $ -W 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake, «'S 

Frank Higgins, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles »7S 

Stories from Far Away, by Pierce and Northrop, *»25 

For further information address General Mission Board, Elgin, IN. 
To order books address Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 111. 

Published Monthly by 


Church of the Brethren Through 





Volume XXIV 



No. 2 

,.. ..... . 

JML JL ■ ■ I 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. All ministers' subscriptions are now being entered 
to expire December, 1923, when they should renew their request for the Visitor. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old_ address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Contents for February, 1922 



The Foreign Missions Conference, By the Editor, 36 

Educating the Jungle Tribes: Gratifying Results, By Adam Ebey, 37 

Observations of Business Methods in India, By L. A. Blickenstaff, ....38 

India Notes for November, By Mrs. Hattie Z. Alley, 39 

Need of Witness Bearing in Chinese Church, By I. E. Oberholtzer, ... .40 


Carl F. Coffman, By Dr. Roy M. Hoover, 42 

Feme Heagley Coffman, By Florence G. Wirt, 43 

Miles G. Blickenstaff, By J. L. Bowman, 44 


Christianizing the Japanese in America, By Elgin S. Moyer, 46 

Church of the Brethren Statistics, 49 


J From Our Daily Mail, 50 

Our Book Department, 51 

i Missionary Methods, 52 
Was It a Nightmare or a Vision (Poem) ? 53 


" Pigs " and Primers, By Ruby Weyburn Tobias, 54 





The Missionary Visitor 



Making a Clean Slate 

It was interesting in the little red brick 
schoolhouse days when they used slates, and 
we will appreciate cleaning the slates just as 
much today in closing the fiscal year of the 
Forward Movement by completing pay- 
ment on all pledges made. The books of 
the treasurer close on the evening of Feb. 
28. All treasurers in local churches will 
further the cause by making remittance of 
funds on hand so the treasurer at Elgin 
will receive them by the 28th of February. If 
the local treasurers are able to do this our 
individual pledges should be paid at least 
by the middle of February. 

New Advances into the New Year 

The different boards and committees have 
submitted to the executive committee of the 
Forward Movement, estimates of their fi- 
nancial needs for the new year. The exec- 
utive committee Jan. 18 passed finally on 
these budgets and approved them as follows: 

General Mission Board, $300,000.00 

General Sunday School Board, . . 15,000.00 

General Educational Board, 7,500.00 

Christian Workers' Board, 7,500.00 

Music Committee, . 1,000.00 

Temperance Committee, 1,000.00 

Child Rescue, 1,000.00 

Dress Committee, 1,000.00 

American Bible Society, 500.00 

The budget is considerably smaller this 
year than last. For one reason the Edu- 
cational Board is not making any request 
for funds to be distributed among the col- 
leges. Each school will be individually re- 
sponsible for the raising of its own funds. 
The boards have pared their estimates so 
low that it is feared by some the accomplish- 
ments of the church will be retarded for 
lack of money. Many hope the Brother- 
hood will take cognizance of the reduced 
budget and give more than is asked, so the 
work may go forward. 

The General Mission Board budget of 

This is requested for the following needs: 
India, $153,500.00 

China, 85,000.00 

Sweden, 7,500.00 

Denmark, 6,500.00 

Home Missions, , 37,500.00 

Missionary and Ministerial Relief, 5,000.00 

Student Loan Fund 5,000.00 



The Year Book 

This annual of the Church of the Breth- 
ren is ready for mailing. It is really an 
encyclopedia of our church. Think of it! 
An encyclopedia for ten cents. After all, 
there are some big bargains these days. If 
you are not reading the Messenger let us 
suggest that it is just like a letter from 
a mother to her children. It costs only 
four cents per copy. While you are writ- 
ing the Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, 
111., for your Yearbook, why not become 
a subscriber for the Messenger by enclos- 
ing $2 more? 

China Famine Fund 

The unusual thing happens sometimes. It 
did in the case of the China Famine Fund, 
for our own church had a balance in the 
neighborhood of $50,000 above what was 
needed for this purpose. By consent of 
the donors this money is being used to do 
regular China mission work. The national 
famine fund, which was assembled under 
the direction of the committee appointed 
by the president of the United States, finds 
itself in a similar position. There is a 
balance of $1,380,000 on hand which was not 
needed. At the recent Foreign Missions 
Conference the president's committee asked 
the church representatives there as to their 
wish in the disposition of this fund. The 
opinion of these delegates was desired only 
in an informal way, since the fund was con- 
tributed from people at large. Tliey re- 
ported that a very great majority of it had 
undoubtedly been contributed by church 
folks. It was the opinion of the delegates 
that a large part of the fund should be 
used in reforestation and prevention of fu- 
ture famines, suggesting that the Peking 
and Nanking Universities might care to use 
the money in their work along these lines. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Our Africa Mission 

Little more is ready for announcement 
than what was reported already, i. e., the 
next step in opening the new field is to 
approach the societies now working in Ni- 
geria, and also to secure the consent of 
the British Government to do mission work 
there. The Committee of Reference and 
Counsel, under direction of the Foreign 
Missions Conference, will use its good of- 
fices in approaching the government for us 
through the International Missionary Coun- 
cil. Some little time will be required before 
any definite report can be secured. 

different viewpoints of interpretation, but 
we do want to grant to others what we ask 
of them; viz., that they respect our view- 
point when we differ from them. 

Denominationalism Related to Interde- 

It is remarkable how a church grows in 
its thinking. We are moving rapidly from 
the day when we believed only Brethren 
would be saved, and that fellowship with 
others if not improper was at least quite 
unnecessary. Now we discover that co- 
operation with others is not only profitable 
but essential for the accomplishment of the 
task unto which the Christian church is as- 
signed. Those who opposed such co- 
operation were sincere and still have in 
mind a vital principle that should not be 
forgotten. The best interdenominational 
Christian is the one most loyal to his own 
denomination. The best international 
statesman is most loyal to his own country. 
The young men we prefer to keep company 
with our daughters are the ones most loyal 
to their own sisters. During th,e war a 
young man was approached on the subject 
of being a more faithful attendant at his 
own church. He excused himself on the 
ground that he went to other churches, 
stating that it did not make much dif- 
ference at which trough the pigs fed. We 
gladly grant him the privilege of attending 
other churches, but we condemn him as dis- 
loyal if he thinks he owes nothing to his 
church except to come in occasionally and 
feed if he feels hungry. The Christian 
church is a force to cooperate in the ac- 
complishment of God's will, and we need a 
membership which is loyal to our own 
church. The best Methodist is one who is 
loyal to Methodism, and it is the same with 

These things are not said to ignore our 

A Greater Recognition of Stewardship 

Recently the writer was privileged to be 
in several of our churches where general 
church problems are under discussion. The 
question of stewardship has in every case 
noted received the most thoughtful con- 
sideration of any mentioned. In practical- 
ly every congregation there are one or more 
families who receive great joy because they 
recognize their relation to the kingdom, and 
tithe as a means of paying what they owe. 
When the question of stewardship is raised 
for discussion they cannot keep their seats, 
for they must testify of the joys which they 
have experienced. Tithing is not primarily 
a means of raising money; it is a means of 
properly relating our lives to the kingdom, 
and when we do it sincerely, without selfish- 
ness, our interest in the church is increased 
fourfold, and it is no wonder we are made 
happy. " Where our treasure is there will 
our heart be also." The matter of raising 
money is of secondary but great importance. 
When once the members in general practice 
tithing, then our treasuries will not be 
empty and the Lord's work will not lack 
for physical things. Much splendid tithing 
literature is available and will be sent out 
free from the office of the Forward Move- 
ment. A tithing account book is available 
for all who decide to tithe. The New Year 
is not yet far gone, and it is not too late to 
make such a good resolution as to include 

" There is no more inconceivable folly 
than this continued riot of expenditure on 
battleships at a time when great masses of 
humanity are dying of starvation." — Her- 
bert Hoover. 

" He who can bottle up his temper is a 

" Don't believe all you hear — be hard of 
hearing sometimes." 

" Don't buy on the uneasy payment plan." 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Foreign Missions Conference 


Sixty-two boards and societies represent- 
ing the foreign mission strength of America 
met at Atlantic City in their annual meeting 
Jan. 11-13. The great missionary leaders of 
this decade, whom we have learned to know 
through their writings and addresses, and 
to respect because of their achievements, 
were there and their presence was felt not 
only in body but greatly in spirit. To those 
who are just being introduced into the 
world-wide circle of missionary thought 
these men were a special inspiration and a 

The discussions of three days were cen- 
tered around the theme, "The National 
Consciousness of the People of Mission 
Lands and Its Effect on the Development of 
the Church Today." It was fitting that the 
conference should be held on the shore of 
the Atlantic, whose waters touch other 
countries where the same problems abound 
or where a new national consciousness is 
being formed. Perhaps the worst storm 
of the year occurred while the meeting was 
in session. It was significant, indeed, that 
this should come while the conference was 
receiving news of the national storms and 
upheavals in non-Christian lands. 

The problem of the indigenous church (i. 
e., building a structure on which the native 
Christians will continue to build of their 
own strength a Christian church for their 
respective countries) was carefully con- 
sidered. Much present foreign mission en- 
terprise is designed in effect to make the 
natives dependent on the American church, 
both for financial assistance and incentive 
and vision in building Christian communities. 
The financial distress felt by all boards 
seems fruitful in causing them to make new 
investigations as to how results can be se- 
cured with less money. 

The superiority of the Anglo-Saxon race 
may exist in the minds of that race more 
than in fact. At least the natives of East- 
ern lands should be given a share in the 
interpretation of Christianity. In giving 
greater authority to the new native churches 
it is quite likely mistakes will be made. If 
we would forbid them to make mistakes 

we would be the greatest offenders of all. 
Missionaries, in great appreciation of our 
Western interpretation of Christianity, have 
sought to take it as such to non-Christian 
countries. The error in doing this is evi- 
dent when we remember the countless mis- 
takes we have made and are making and 
transplant them in the new native churches. 
Since Christ is a Universal Lord and Chris- 
tianity first existed in the East, it would 
seem that Eastern peoples would have a 
great contribution in interpreting the 
Christ for today; at least as to how Chris- 
tianity can be most helpful to them. 

In writing the above we would not pre- 
clude the advisability of giving them the 
conclusions we have bought with much ex- 
perience in the West. Ours is not the task 
of Americanizing, but rather of helping 
them to interpret Christ. The music of 
India, the methods of eating in China, the 
foreign manner of dress and their social 
customs, are not to be compared with 
American for Americans, but they are much 
preferred by Easterners. It is not our task 
to change Eastern conditions except as such 
are in opposition to the fruit of Christian 
spirit in those nations. The highest type 
of leadership among missionaries, as well as 
in leaders at home, is found in those who 
give others a chance to express their best. 
This thought reminds us of a beautiful and 
true tribute given to our former editor, Bro. 
Williams; viz., " He believed in others, not 
so much for present greatness, but because 
of what they might become if he believed 
in them." 

That a national consciousness is arising in 
backward nations is not denied. Therein 
lies the great and difficult task of the united 
missionary force in guiding it into a national 
Christian consciousness. These foreign peo- 
ples will not be brought from heathen dark- 
ness until such a national consciousness is 
built. Since we are not primarily interested 
in plucking a few brands from the burning, 
but rather to save a people, this national 
consciousness is exceedingly important. 

Aside from the discussion of the general 


The Missionary Visitor 


subject the program of business was han- 
dled. This consisted in general of investiga- 
tions of missionary problems and situations. 
Also planning how the work of foreign 
missions may be made more effective by 
cooperation on the part of all societies. 
At the close of sessions a half hour was 

devoted strictly to a devotional purpose. 
After strenuous thinking it seemed most 
refreshing to be led in a spiritual way to 
see new visions of the Christ. We felt 
that such devotional periods at the close of 
sessions at our Annual Conference would be 
greatly appreciated. 

Educating the Jungle Tribes: Gratifying Results 

Missionary to India Since 1900 

TO the missionary, educating the 
jungle tribes means uplifting them. 
In every child there are powers to 
be developed, possibilities, potentialities. 
This is as true of the jungle tribes of India 
as of individual children. They are to ad- 
vanced nations what children are to vigor- 
ous young -men and women properly de- 

Education is supposed to be a drawing- 
out process; the developing of something in 
the person or race. But there must be 
something to draw out. We find this some- 
thing in every child; in every race. In one 
person the something may be little, indeed, 
but it is something; in another, it is more; 
in a third, more yet. 

There is something in steel which can be 
drawn out into a valuable watch spring or 
fashioned into a razor; there is something 
in gold which can be drawn out and 
fashioned into coin; there is something 
locked up inside the shell of an oyster 
which proves to be a precious pearl; yea, 
there is something in every Bhil and Varley 
and Dodia boy, girl, man and woman, which 
is better than steel or gold or pearls. It 
is something our Master loves and wants 
in his kingdom; something he expects us 
to help develop for him. 

We are in India to save and to educate 
the people. Whenever we fail to draw them 
out, we miss the goal which we have set be- 
fore us. Whenever we see them grow under 
our guidance we rejoice and take courage. 
In our work among the jungle tribes we 
have not had such glowing results, but still 
we have been gratified to see the great 
changes coming into the lives and habits 
of many of our " child " Christians and the 
wonderful results in the lives and habits of 

a few. True, at first thought, we wish we 
might show greater results; wish we might 
gratify you and ourselves more; but as we 
continue thinking, we are made to wonder 
at what God has done. 

A sister once asked Bro. McCann, when 
they were talking about these people, "What 
would we be, if we had come from where 
they have?" He answered, "I would be 
worse than the worst of them." 

We cannot show you a college president; 
or a governor of Bombay; or a Dr. Wan- 
less; or an Apostle Paul. But we can tell 
you about a man who is illiterate. When he 
became a Christian, he had hundreds of 
trees, the juice of which makes intoxicating 
liquor. He quit tapping the trees. He was 
a leader among his people, an exorcist 
priest. He quit his meanness. He was a 
farmer. He continued to farm. The money 
from the sale of toddy and from his priestly 
fees was nothing. He would have starved 
rather than to continue the sale of that 
which ruins his people, or longer to de- 
ceive them by his pretensions as a priest. 
He and his wife are unlettered, but their 
children are being educated in schools. Bro. 
Danji was developed, not in a three-R 
school, but outside. His children are doing 
well, but, however great the marks they 
make, they can never show so fully as their 
father has done the contrast between a 
carousing, drinking Bhil and a converted 
Christian man! 

Men who a few years ago were idolaters 
now pay the cost of love feasts in their 
respective villages. 

A man and wife, became Christians. She 
did not live long afterwards, but she seemed 
to have a wonderful understanding of what 
she was doing. Her death was impressive. 


The Missionary Visitor 


She. saw Jesus coming for her, and told 
her husband not to weep for her, for she 
was going away happy. Her husband said, 
" I want to go like she did, for it was very 
lovely to see her go that way." 

A Bhil, after a few weeks of instruction, 
became a Christian. Illiterate and super- 
stitious, he would bow to us like a cringing 
slave. Now he is one of our most regular 
and attentive listeners in church. He can 
lead in prayer, too. He is one of many who 
have been helped. Is this education? It 
is a drawing out of the good. 

Very well! This is the education of il- 
literate jungle people. To get them to quit 
lying and stealing, and to get them into the 
habit of going to church and Sunday-school; 
in short, to lead them away from evil into 
good habits; this is to them an education. 

And we have many servants, teachers, 
preachers, who are the children of jungle. 

idolaters. They have been trained in our 
schools. What shall we say of them? 
Glorious results! Trustworthy servants; 
efficient teachers; godly leaders; gospel 
preachers! We have them. We shall have, 
more of them. 

We have a mine of gold to be coined 
with the King's image and superscription. 
We have hearts of true-blue steel. We 
have pearls inside the stony shells. It takes 
fire and hammer to get the gold ready. It 
takes coke and lime and a blast furnace for 
the steel. It requires a knife to open the 
shell to get the pearl. But if we want to 
draw out the good; if we want to educate 
the jungle people, we. must work the mine 
and mint and oyster-fishing ground with 
energetic faith. Gratifying have been the 
results. Greater gratification is in store for 
us as our boys and girls, now in training, 
will become our -leaders a few years hence. 

Ahwa, Dangs, India. 

Some Observations of Business Methods in India 


Missionary to India 

IN writing of conditions in a country as 
large as India, it is easy to misrepresent 
facts by making statements which the 
reader will naturally construe as applying 
to the country as a whole, when in reality 
such conditions exist only in a local com- 
munity. India is said to have more than 
one hundred and seventy dialects, and it 
would be reasonable to believe that customs 
and methods in the various communities 
differ very considerably. These observa- 
tions, for the most part, are based on con- 
ditions as found in the hill stations of the 
United Provinces, where the first half year 
of the writer's residence in India was spent. 
It does not take a close observer to note 
here the absence of that spirit of good 
service which has been so highly developed 
by many business concerns in America. 
Perhaps this is particularly true of the 
European merchant in India, for he seems 
to assume the attitude that he. has rendered 
the public a very great service by offering 
for sale a stock of goods, and that his ob- 
ligation there ceases. Apparently he has 

not considered the matter of a greater obli- 
gation of providing additional service when 
a customer enters his place of business. He 
could well learn that a transaction is not 
properly closed unless the customer is en- 
tirely satisfied. The slogan of many suc- 
cessful American business men, " The 
customer is never wrong," seems to be un- 
known in India. 

A majority of European merchants make 
little if any effort to attract the patronage 
of the average native, and disregard him 
entirely when he enters their place of busi- 
ness, unless it is to order him out. There 
are, of course, exceptional cases, but gener- 
ally the native is shown little consideration. 
Recently a member of our mission went to 
a leading department store and was inspect- 
ing goods displayed on the veranda, when 
a native appeared and deposited on the low- 
er step a supply of hand-made, coat hangers, 
expecting to offer them for sale as the 
customer left the store. The clerk, who 
happened to be the manager of the es- 
tablishment, angrily rushed down, grabbed 


The Missionary Visitor 


the coat hangers, made a pass at the native, 
and threw his wares over the fence into an 
adjoining garden. When the clerk turned 
to the missionary with, " Now, what can I 
show you?" he was surprised to receive the 
answer, " Show me? Why, you couldn't 
show me anything," and he stood there 
wondering as the missionary left without 
looking further at the goods offered for 

The native merchant leaves the European 
in no doubt as to his appreciation of the 
patronage. In passing through the native 
bazaar, the proprietor will leave his " hubble 
bubble " long enough to call out, urging a 
sale of his wares. Many of these merchants 
have succeeded in acquiring a working 
knowledge of the English language, and are 
able to speak sufficiently to carry on a fair 
conversation with Europeans; however, 
most of them experience difficulty when it 
comes to reading and writing. It is not 
unusual for a native shopkeeper to ask an 
accommodating-appearing European to read 
for him an English order which he has re- 
ceived, or to write a postcard ordering 
goods from an English wholesaler. The 
merchant is always appreciative of the kind- 
ness and sometimes shows his willingness 
to reciprocate, by reducing a trifle the price 
of the commodity the European customer 
desires to purchase. 

Among the native merchants there seems 
to be a well-established custom to take a 
siesta about noon off each day, and one will 
see in nearly every shop the proprietor ly- 
ing on the floor, much unconcerned as to 
whether or not he conducts business. 
Sometimes a child is stationed at the door 
to arouse him when a customer enters. 

At night many native merchants sleep 
either in their stores or roll up in blankets 
and lie on the doorsteps. Small buildings 
often are so poorly constructed that they 
provide little protection, and this precaution 
is necessary to prevent loss from burglary. 

All things considered the native merchant 
is energetic and shrewd. If business lags, 
he. packs considerable of his stock into a 
box or large bundle, and with the assistance 
of a coolie becomes a peddler, going from 
house to house, selling his goods. One 
may expect to be called upon any time of 
day by a box, cloth, brass, or cashmere 

walla, and he, naming over his stock, re- 
fuses to take your negative answer as final, 
but insists that you examine the. articles 
he has for sale. It is, indeed, surprising to 
note what a variety of wares is thus brought 
to one's home. An inventory of a box 
walla's stock would show articles similar to 
those usually found in a five and ten-cent 
store in America, and a cloth merchant 
brings a variety of dry goods, laces, fancy 
work, rugs, and carpets. One of these, boxes 
or bundles often weighs more than one 
hundred pounds, but a coolie who is ac- 
customed to carrying heavy loads on his 
back does so without difficulty. 

Perhaps one of the most deplorable con- 
ditions with which one has to deal in 
trading with a native is the process of 
bargaining, which seems to be, absolutely 
necessary in order to make a fair purchase. 
The merchant will ask twice or three times 
the actual value of an article, and he ex- 
pects to reduce, the price several times be- 
fore a deal is closed. After one has re- 
sided in India a sufficient time to become 
reasonably well informed as to the proper 
price of a commodity, perhaps the, best plan 
is to offer what he is willing to give, and 
allow the merchant to choose whether or 
not he will sell for that figure. However, 
there appears to be a tendency, especially 
among the larger and more reliable shop- 
keepers, to maintain fixed prices, and it is 
hoped that in time this bargaining process, 
so prevalent in all Eastern countries, will 

Mrs. Hattie Z. Alley 

Sister Shumaker spent part of her time 
during the month visiting some of the vil- 
lage schools around Jalalpor. We feel that 
her work will be a great help to the village 
teachers, particularly to those who have 
not had special training for their work. 

While some of the Jalalpor Boarding- 
school girls were home on vacation God 
saw fit to call one away by death. The 
superstitious parents and some of the other 
people from the village claim that the girl 
became demon-possessed while she was in 
school and that was the cause of her death. 
They say they saw the demons leave her 
(Continued on Page 45) 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Need of Witness Bearing in the 
Chinese Church 

Missionary to China 

THE introduction, development and 
permanent establishment of the 
" kingdom of God " on earth was the 
purpose uppermost in the mind of the Mas- 
ter. And the first dis.ciples of our Lord 
understood that this was to be accom- 
plished by a program of personal witness- 
bearing. They so interpreted it and so 
taught it to others. In the opening of the 
Acts of the Apostles Luke endorses our 
Lord's program for the new movement, and 
in the following chapters devotes himself 
to a history of the partial accomplishment 
of this program. In the industrious prose- 
cution of this program lay the success of 
the new religion. " Men empowered by the 
Spirit of God were to start from Jerusalem, 
and make conquest of the world by a 
campaign of testimony" (Acts 1: 8). 
It was the impelling thought that 
drove representatives of the early church 
into the Gentile world where Christianity 
later took on such rapid increase. And it 
has been the program of active Christianity 
since then. 

It is the problem of creating a self-propa- 
gating Christianity in China that is engag- 
ing much thought and anxiety among mis- 
sionaries. The fact is well recognized that 
there will never be a staff of foreign 
workers sufficiently large to evangelize 
China. If the four hundred million Chinese 
are to be wrested from the superstitions 
and paganism of the existing religions, it 
must be done through forces native to Chi- 
nese soil. It cannot yet be said that Chris- 
tianity has gained for itself an indigenous 
place in China strong enough to survive the 
demoralizing effects of the existing religions, 
or a widespread persecution, in case the 
foreign missionary "force should be suddenly 
withdrawn and the church left to itself. 
There are areas, of course, where this is 
not true. But generally speaking, the 
church is dependent upon foreign forces. 
Christianity is not making the rapid prog- 

ress necessary for it to become a real power 
and controlling influence in China. This 
delinquency may be laid to two things: It 
is to be acknowledged that the missionary 
has not encouraged Chinese responsibility 
in the past to the extent that he should have 
done. But the other fact also maintains, 
namely, that no adequate number of native 
Christians has taken the Lord's injunction 
of Acts 1: 8 seriously enough to heart. Too 
few have heartily accepted the program 
laid out by Jesus for the movement to 
which they belong. And even now too few 
are taking an active part in his campaign 
of testimony for the conquest of China. 

What then is the solution for the situa- 
tion in which we find ourselves? The an- 
swer is twofold: First, in order that a pro- 
gram of witness-bearing may become more 
widely operative, the foreign missionary 
must decrease so that the native church may 
increase. Secondly, the missionary must 
set himself to the task of using every effort 
for. the creation of a strong Chinese leader- 
ship. To this end many missionary asso- 
ciations are laying increased emphasis on 
definite Christian education. Learning is 
greatly respected in China and the common 
people will be influenced by one who has 
it, quite in contrast to the one who has it 
not. In the past the membership of the 
church was made up largely of illiterate 
men whose daily life was a struggle to 
gain a living. Now with the emphasis upon 
development of leadership there will come 
forth a generation of intelligent witnesses 
with more leisure, zeal and devotion for 
the religion of their choice. 

The Christian church in China is sorely 
in need of leadership and of men who will 
make the interests of the church their first 
concern. Especially does this hold where 
the church is young. From the beginning 
of our work in China it has been the pur- 
pose of the mission to give an opportunity 
for systematic Bible study and witness-train- 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Bible School Pupils and Their Teacher at Ping Ting 

ing to the most promising of our young 
men. We feel most keenly the need of a 
native ministry, that shall increasingly be 
able to assume more of the responsibilty of 
winning their fellow-countrymen to the 

In the few years that have passed we 
have gathered into the church a number of 
splendid Christians. Few of them, however, 
have had much influence. Some have been 
illiterate. Some have been occupied in a 
daily struggle to make a living. And most 
of them belong to the working class, skilled 
and unskilled. Consequently, the growth 
and progress of the church have rested 
mainly upon the responsibility of the 
foreigner. Better things are in sight. Our 
membership now is larger, and the moral 
and intellectual standard is gradually ad- 

Heretofore we have been dependent upon 
men of a short religious experience to do 
our out-station work. We would give them 
a few weeks' teaching in a general Bible 
class and then send them out to battle alone 
with the difficulties of a new field. Some 
met with a measure of success, while the 
work of others was not always so gratify- 
ing. Last year our mission selected eight- 
een of the most promising young men in 
the church to devote themselves to two 

years of Bible study. It was made plain 
to them at the same time that this did not 
guarantee to them any employment in the 
church after this period of study, but that 
employment would be given solely on the 
ability of the man. During the first half 
of the school-year it was found advisable 
to eliminate some of these men. The num- 
ber was finally reduced to six students, who 
have continued to date and who we hope 
will do so to the end. 

None of these men have a high-school 
education, and only a few have finished the 
secondary grades. But most of them have 
a purpose and native ability to work among 
their own people. It is our purpose to use 
these men in opening new stations. By 
graduating a small number of select men 
each year to do our out-station preaching, 
the mission hopes to build up a strong 
native church, manned by a trained leader- 
ship. These will be able to carry forth a 
program of witness-bearing, free from the 
care and burden of maintaining a physical 
existence for family and themselves. Their 
testimony will solicit a larger following than 
the foreigner can possibly command. Chris- 
tianity will be interpreted upon a Chinese 
background and in a phraseolog}' intelligible 
to the native ear. Christianity will then 
(Continued on Page 48) 


The Missionary Visitor 



The missionaries whose biographies appear in this issue sailed in July, 1921, but we were 
delayed in securing biographies until this date. 

Carl F. Coffman 




ARL FLORY COFFMAN, eldest son 
of J. M. and Mary Coffman, was 
born at Lacy Springs, Va., Dec. 3, 

Dr. Carl F. Coffman 

When Carl was four years old his parents 
moved to Louisiana, 
where he received 
his early education 
from his mother's 
teaching at public 
school and later at 
home. It was in 
Louisiana that he 
had his first ex- 
perience in farming 
and developed his 
love for the great 
out-of-doors which 
has been a dominant 
element in his life 
ever since. 

While living here 
lie and his mother became infected with 
malaria, which eventually forced the family 
to return to Virginia in 1902. From that 
time he divided his time between the farm 
in summer and school in winter until 1910. 
The last four years of that time were spent 
at Bridgewater College. 

In the spring of 1910 he entered North- 
western University, studying geology. He 
remained there until June, 1911, when he 
received his A. B. degree. There are other 
more human problems than the earth's 
history, as told in the rocks, from which 
he was unable to get away. There is so 
much suffering in the world, both physical 
and spiritual, that he could not avoid the 
logical conclusion that it is a man's duty 
to relieve as much of this suffering as he 
can. There was no mystical " call " nor 
" supernatural vision." He simply thought 
the thing through and decided that it is 

the duty of those who can to go where suf- 
fering is greatest and workers fewest. 

So in the fall of 1911 he entered the 
medical department of the University of 
Chicago, to prepare himself to relieve 
physical suffering and through that means 
show Christianity to those who do not 
know it. 

His progress in the medical school was 
slower than it should have been because of 
lack of funds. He paid his own way by 
working at nights and during the summer 
vacations. With practically no assistance 
he continued his work, though double duty 
interfered with his studies materially. He 
changed from the University of Chicago 
to Northwestern University, and in June, 
1920, completed his work. After a year's 
interneship in Cincinnati General Hospital 
he received his M. D. degree. During 1918- 
19 he was a private in the U. S. Army. 

Sept. 25, 1917, he married Miss Ferne 
Heagley, of North Dakota, whom he had 
learned to know several years before while 
at Bridgewater College. In June, 1920, a 
baby girl, Mary Katherine, came to bless 
their home. 

Dr. Coffman went to China an able man 
in his profession, with an iron will to do 
his duty, and great love and sympathy in 
his' heart for those sick in soul and body. 

t5* &£• 
Christians will never give as they ought 
until they begin to keep two purses, one 
for their own necessary expenses, and one 
for the Lord's work, from the latter of 
which they would no more draw for their 
own use than they would purloin from their 
neighbor's pocket.— A. J. Gordon, D. D. 

The tenth of all our portion 
Seems but a meagre share 

To give to God our Father 
For all his loving care. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Feme Heagley Coffman 


ter of G. A. and Rebecca Heagley, 
was born March 5, 1889, on a farm 

near Frederick, S. Dak. Her parents, who 
were of German de- 
scent, came from 
Whiteside County, 
near Morrison, 111. 
Shortly after their 
marriage they pio- 
neered to South Da- 
kota. Three daugh- 
ters, Mrs. Coffman, 
the eldest, Mrs. Olive 
Thompson, of Leola, 
S. Dak., and Mrs. 
Flossie Kimmel, of 
Sheldon, Iowa, were 

Feme Heagley Coffman born to them. 

Feme began her educational career when 
but five years of age in a little rural school- 
house. She was a typical country girl, 
full of life and vigor. In 1903 she com- 
pleted the grades. After taking two years 
of high-school work she taught a rural 
school for three years. Again she entered 
the schoolroom as'a student, but this time 
in the academy of Bridgewater College, 
where she spent two years, completing the 
academy, and taking some college work. 
The next two years were spent with her 
parents and sister in Bible study at Beth- 
any Bible School. Feeling that she could 
best serve her Master as a nurse, she 
made plans to enter training. In order to 
be able to do this and not be a burden 
to others financially, she taught school for 
one year at Wetonka, S. Dak. Being eager 
to begin training for her life's work, she 
went directly from the schoolroom to 
Chicago, where she entered the Illinois 
Training School for Nurses, and after 
three long, strenuous years of preparation 
she completed the course and successfully 
passed the State Board examinations, re- 
ceiving the R. N. degree. For several 
months she did private nursing. 

Sept. 25, 1917, Miss Heagley was married 
to Carl Flory Coffman, at her home at 
Batavia, 111. Shortly after their marriage 

they moved to Chicago. In addition to her 
home duties she was supervisor of surgery 
in Cook County Hospital for one year. 
During this time her husband was called 
to serve his country at Camp Jackson. Mrs. 
Coffman then became assistant superin- 
tendent of nurses in the South Carolina 
Baptist Hospital. After Mr. Coffman's dis- 
charge from the army they returned to 
Chicago, where she did private nursing, 
and later in pursuance of preparation for 
her life's work she did public health nurs- 
ing for the Infant Welfare Society of Chi- 
cago for eight months. 

During the spring of 1920 she received 
the sad news of the death of her father, 
who, with her mother, had been spending 
the winter in California. This was a hard 
blow to her, for her father, and likewise 
her mother, had been a source of much in- 
spiration to her, and it had been through 
their careful training that she had been 
led to surrender her life to Christian serv- 
ice. It was for their daughter's sake that 
they left their comfortable home in Da- 
kota and went to Chicago, that the girls 
might have every advantage possible, and 

Mary Katherine Coffman 



The Missionary Visitor 


then later moved to Batavia, that they 
might enjoy home comforts while in prep- 

In June, 1920, Dr. Coffman began his in- 
terneship at Cincinnati, Ohio, and Mrs. 
Coffman stayed with her mother at Ba- 
tavia. Nov. 7 of that year little Mary 
Katherine came to brighten their home. 

When but a small child Mrs. Coffman 
was interested in religious activities. Very 
early in the teens she accepted Christ as 
her personal Savior, and her friends pre- 
dicted that she would some day be a foreign 
missionary. As she grew older she 
thought little of their prophecy; neverthe- 
less, seeds had been sown and she was 
developing a love for service. She was 
always a willing worker in the church. 
When she took up Bible study, her vision 
broadened. However, a definite decision 
was not made until she attended a con- 
vention of the United Student Volunteers 
of Chicago, held at Lake Forest, 111., in 
1912. It was there that her de- 
sires crystallized, and the hopes and 

prayers of her parents were being realized. 
She immediately signed the Volunteer card 
and became an active member of the band. 
Every possible effort from that time on 
was put forth that she might become an 
efficient worker in the foreign land. Hav- 
ing this goal in view, she was able to 
meet all discouragements and overcome all 
obstacles which came to her during her 
days of preparation. Nothing was too hard 
that would give her added experience, and 
now she is supremely happy in being called 
to serve in a needy field. 

Mrs. Coffman goes forth not only an ef- 
ficient, but also a willing and enthusiastic 
worker. Her strong personality, congenial 
disposition, ability to adapt herself to her 
surroundings, and her unbounding energy 
will be a valuable asset to her in meeting 
the many new problems she must face in 
a heathen land. She has not been prepar- 
ing for an easy place, and gladly will ac- 
cept whatever tasks may be entrusted to 
her. May she garner many sheaves for the 

Miles G. Blickenstaff 


IT was on a March day in 1892 that Miles 
G. came to bring joy in the home of 
J. F. Blickenstaff at Quinter, Kans. 
July 30, 1921, he started on the ocean 
voyage which was to carry him to his 
chosen work in China. For years he had 
been preparing himself for service in that 
foreign land. He went out as a man seek- 
ing a man's job. His call to this field of 
work was simply his desire to be where he 
could do the most good. With loyalty to 
mankind as his aim he studied the needs 
of all peoples, and chose the field for which 
he was best fitted. With the watchwords, 
" friendship and service," ever before him 
he developed that type of character which 
everyone appreciates and which carries 
one forward in his work with pleasure and 
real success. 

Miles left the home church at Quinter, 
Kans., knowing that every member would 
be loyal to him and to the work he was 
starting to do. Never has one gone to 
service who had been more honored and 

loved in the church. He had grown up 
among us and was known and respected 
by all. He always possessed that cheerful 
smile which he doubtless displayed as he 
peeped out of his cradle on March 4, 1892. 

There is, perhaps, no influence which has 
been of such value and inspiration to high 
ideals and friendly service as the home in 
which Miles lived. The radiance of 
friendship was ever shining from the 
threshold. Such a home calls forth loyalty, 
which must ultimately encircle the globe. 

The educational opportunities in Western 
Kansas were not such as- to offer Miles 
the advantages which would now be af- 
forded. The little country schoolhouse 
seemed to be the only receptacle of knowl- 
edge. But a boy who wants to learn re- 
fuses to be overcome by such obstacles. 
So Miles was able by hard work to make 
his way elsewhere in school. He attended 
Bethany Bible School one year. The re- 
mainder of his time was spent in McPher- 
son College, from which he took his A. B. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Miles and Ermal Blickenstaff 
Katherine and Gordon 

in 1921. His interests in school were never 
narrowed because of work, but were ex- 
tended to every phase of school life, with 
particular emphasis on religious work, 
in which he was a special leader. Through- 
out most of his college life he had the as- 
sistance and inspiration of his wife, who 
always shared his happiness and encour- 
aged him in his duties. No one ever en- 
tered their home without reading its mot- 
to : Friendship. 

Miles goes to his field in China because 
he loves the work, not that it is better 
than other kinds, but because he sees there 
a fine place to " be a friend to man." 

Brother and Sister Blickenstaff went out 
to China planning to establish a happy 
Christian home with their two children and 
to serve the interests of the kingdom to 
the best of their ability. The grim reaper 
came last November and took Robert Gor- 
don. They have thus made greater sacri- 
fices than they had contemplated. The 
editor regrets that he is not in possession 
of Sister Blickenstaff's biography. 


(Continued from Page 39) 
body while it was slowly being burned. 

The workmen will soon begin digging for 
the foundation of the building to be erected 
to accommodate the Jalapor workers. This 
has been a long-felt need and we are glad 
that we have hopes of getting it in the 
near future. 

The assistant political agent of the 
Dangs, an Englishman, spent an hour in- 
specting the school at Ahwa. He expressed 
his appreciation of the efforts being made 
for the uplift of the people. He gave the 
children a treat of parched pulse and some 
sweets, which was very much appreciated 
by them. 

This same official said that, since the 
liquor shop in Central Dangs has been 
closed, there are, by far, fewer brawls. 
Other 3-ears he has had a dozen or more 
fights to settle when he came in after mon- 
soon, but this year not one. He thinks 
liquor shops among jungle tribes should be 

The high-caste women, wives of govern- 
ment officials, have been inviting Sister 
Ebey to come into their home with the 
Bible women and schoolgirls. They like 
our Christian hymns and try to sing a few 
of them. 

One of the Ahwa Christian men, a gov- 
ernment official, shot a large black tiger in 
a village where one of our mission schools 
is located. It had killed two bullocks, two 
buffaloes, and a horse. The villagers were 
very glad to be rid of such a destructive 

There are several applicants for baptism. 
The work just now, however, should per- 
haps be carried on intensively rather than 
extensively. Raw Bhil converts need in- 
tensive teaching on all points bearing on 
the moral and spiritual life. 

Nov. 26 the missionary party arrived on 
the S. S. City of Lucknow. Brother and 
Sister Kaylor were met by Bro. Hollen- 
berg and taken to Vada. Sister Shickel is 
located at Bulsar for language study. Sister 
Royer is at Dahanu to take up the 
women's work. She is planning to go out 
touring after the necessary arrangements 
can be made. 

(Continued on Page 64) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qomt Hit lbs 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Christianizing the Japanese in America 


Professor of Missions, Bethany 
Bible School 

THE mission work that the Church of 
the Brethren has done among the 
Japanese in America has not been 
very extensive. Little has been attempted 
outside of the work that is carried on in 
and near La Verne, Calif., where the efforts 
have by no means been in vain. 

We are not surprised that most of the 
work that has been done by our people 
has been on the coast, when we learn that 
between ninety and ninety-five per cent of 
the Japanese in this country are in the 
western States. Of the 100,000 Japanese in 
continental United States, more than one- 
half are in California and one-sixth in 
Washington. For these more than 50,000 

in California there are about fifty Christian 
churches and missions having a membership 
of about 2,500. Thus one man in twenty 
has been turned from his Buddhist religion 
to the Chrstian faith. 

The Japanese began migrating to this 
country in 1861, when one man ventured to 
leave his country. The number gradually 
increased until 1907, when it reached the 
high water mark of nearly 31,000. In all, 
perhaps, 200,000 Japanese have come to the 
United States in the last sixty years. Of 
the 100,000 now here possibly 10,000 are 
women. The families of most of the men 
are living in Japan while the men are here 
for a few years. 


; : x 

>^;Bs:.;^ ; . 



: : -y-,-r:r 

• ' '"■ ' Jm 



A Group of Japanese Men Who Attend Night School 


The Missionary Visitor 


A large percentage of the Japanese in 
this country are railroad and general con- 
struction workers, agricultural laborers, 
cannery hands, lumber-mill and logging- 
camp hands, domestic-service help and gen- 
eral business men. The most of these peo- 
ple are " cheap laborers," excelled in low- 
wage demands only by the Chinese and Mexi- 
cans Many of them are seasonal workers, 
moving from place to place with the de- 
mands of the season. Several camps are 
located in the citrus ranches,. and for about 
six months of the year contract laborers 
are stationed there to work in the camps. 
It is in one of these camps that part of the 
work carried on by our people is being 

Sister Grace Miller says that the work 
in La Verne began thirteen or fourteen 
years ago, when the English teacher of a 
class of Japanese boys in San Dimas asked 
one of our young brethren to relieve her 
of that duty. He did so, and soon two Jap- 
anese boys were attending our Sunday- 
school services at that place. A few months 
later one of them was a candidate for bap- 
tism. After due instruction he was bap- 
tized. Soon after this he moved to La 
Verne, and Sister Miller became his teacher 
each orange harvest for the next five or six 
years. During this time this young brother 
and his teacher tried hard to get other Jap- 
anese men interested, but to no avail. One 
evening Jimmy came to Sister Miller's 
home and said, " Sister Miller, my people 
must have Jesus. Buddha no good — don't 
satisfy the heart; we must take Jesus to 
them. Somehow or other we will have to 
take Jesus services out to my camp." 

This was the beginning of the work 
among the Japanese in the Sakakura camp 
during orange harvest, from December to 
May or June. Bro. Ernest Hoff gave short, 
illustrated, simple sermons. About one- 
fourth of the men in the camp would listen 
to the preaching. But even though Bro. 
Hoff and Sister Miller tried to make the 
teaching as simple as possible, Jimmy had 
to remind them over and over that the 
teaching was new and was too deep. He 
said to Sister Miller, " You and Bro. Hoff 
are our missionaries, but you tell us too 
much, and we get all mixed up, and don't 
understand anything but your hearts. . . . 

Just one lesson over and over, then take a 
new one." 

As soon as the missionaries began go- 
ing to their camp on Sunday afternoons 
the interest in the Sunday-school and night 
school took on a permanent nature. The 
men began to come. In Sunday-school a 
special class has been organized for the 
Japanese men. The man who knows the 
most English interprets for the rest. The 
same is true in the Bible hour of the night 
school. For this Bible hour all come to- 
gether for a Bible lesson, after having had 
a session of English taught by individual 
teachers. Any man who wishes the English 
teaching must consent to come into the 
Bible class also. Only one or two have 
left the night school because of being re- 
quired to study the Bible. 

During the past thirteen years about 
forty Japanese men and four women have 
been enrolled in the night school and Sun- 
day-school. Eighteen have been baptized, 
several of whom have shown themselves 
good, consecrated men. Members of the 
La Verne College Mission Band have been 
helping in this work among the Japanese. 
The workers have had some wonderful ex- 
periences among these men, seeing them 
give up their sins and accept the Chris- 
tian religion. The Japanese men, too, have 
had some blessed experiences in coming out 
of their sins and their former religion into 
the Christian faith. Some of them got their 
first real light of the Gospel from the lives 
and teaching of these workers at La Verne. 

Four or five years ago the Sakakura camp 
changed hands. The new proprietor was 
not friendly to Christianity, and the Sunday 
afternoon camp services had to be discon- 
tinued. But quite a number of the men of 
the camp did not forsake the night school 
or the Sunday-school. Each orange season 
the night school flourishes, and the pupils 
bear the ridicule and the sneering of the 
others as they stand by their teachers and 
the mission. 

Efforts have been put forth in a few other 
places to help some of our Japanese friends 
in America. Joseph Nishakawa, under the 
teaching of Sister Netzley, of Glendora, 
Calif., was led to know the Savior as his 
personal Friend. Prior to his return to 
Japan in 1917 he had been elected to the 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Main Building of the Sakakura Camp 

ministry. After his return his wife became 
interested in Christianity, and while Breth- 
ren Yoder and Williams were in Japan she 
was received into the church by baptism. 
Bro. Nishakawa and his wife are perhaps 
the only permanent members of the Church 
of the Brethren in Japan. God help them 
to be faithful to him and their church. 

In 1914 a young Japanese man was bap- 
tized in Chicago. About the same time, an- 
other, an educated man, became interested in 
our people, and came into the church in 
Indianapolis. This brother was a student in 
Bethany Bible School part of one year. 

Probably others here and there have come 
into the church, and other efforts are made 
to reach these sojourners of Nippon in 
America. But, on the whole, our work 
among the Japanese has not reached large 
proportions. A great opportunity is before 
us. As long as there are any non-Christian 
Japanese in America, that long we have a 
responsibility to reach them for .Christ. 
Reaching them for Christ is the best way 
of helping to solve the international and 
interracial problem that exists between Ja- 
pan and America. Let us be willing to help 
solve what many think to be the insoluble, 
and to win many souls for the kingdom. 


(Continued from Page 41) 

cease to be regarded as an exotic and the 
church as a foreign institution. So long as 
the Chinese feel that they are adherents of 
a church financed, directed, propagated and 
governed by foreign forces, so long will the 
church remain small and impotent. 

The Bible School occupies a strategic 
place in the history of the progress and de- 
velopment of our mission. It has the op- 
portunity of creating new standards, of vital- 
izing the church with a new life-blood, and 
firing our leaders with an abiding enthusi- 
asm, empowered by the Spirit of God to 
make conquest of China by a campaign of 
testimony. If our Bible School can succeed 
in this, if it can be instrumental in launch- 
ing a program of personal witness-bearing 
in the church, a great blessing will have 
come to it and the religion of Christ will 
be glorified in China. 

" If Paul had not been sent to Europe 
with the Gospel we might be worshipping 
like the druids and living like pagans. 
How stingy and selfish we are not to pass 
the Bread of Life to other hungry souls!" 


The Missionary Visitor 49 

Statistics for the Church of the Brethren as reported by the United States Government 




tsar ions. 

Church of the Brethren (Conservative 

Eastern Maryland 

Eastern Pennsylvania 

Eastern Virginia 

First Arkansas and Southeast Missouri. 
First Virginia 

Firat West Virginia 

Idaho and Western Montana. 


Middle Indiana 


Middle Maryland. 

Middle Missouri 

Middle Pennsylvania 


North and South Carolina, Georgia, and Florida. 

North Dakota, Eastern Montana, and Western 


Northeast Kansas 

Northeastern Ohio 

Northern California 

Northern Illinois and Wisconsin 

Northern Indiana 

Northern Iowa, Minnesota, and South Dakota. 

Northern Missouri 

Northern Virginia 

Northwest Kansas and Northeast Colorado 

Northwestern Ohio 

Oklahoma, Panhandle of Texas, and New 



Second Virginia 

Second West Virginia 

Southeast Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and East- 
ern New York 

Southeastern Kansas 

Southern California and Arize na — 

Southern Illinois 

Southern Indiana 

Southern Iowa 

Southern Ohio 

Southern Pennsylvania 
Southern Virginia 

Southwestern Kansas and Southeastern Colo- 

Southwestern Missouri and Northwestern Ar- 


Texas and Louisiana " 


Western Colorado and Utah. 

Western Maryland 

Western Pennsylv ania 









105, 102 


of organ- 

























































353 ' 








































































The Missionary Visitor 



©1ft (0nrtoa' Corner 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


The West Dayton Church, in southern 
Ohio, has just organized a Women's Home 
Missionary Society, with Mrs. Joe Haver- 
stick as its president. They are seeking 
to do work especially in Dayton. They 
hope to find many members who have 
moved into the city, but have not seen the 
wisdom of making themselves known to the 
church. Any one having knowledge of such 
members in the city will confer a favor 
to this society by notifying Mrs. Haver- 
stick, Dayton, Ohio, R. D. 8. 

The society also is making a study of 
home mission work. It is using mite boxes 
as one means of receiving money for the 
work. £ 

Bro. J. B. Emmert, our esteemed mission- 
ary who is detained indefinitely in America, 
is teaching four Mission Study classes at 
La Verne. One class with twenty-five mem- 
bers is studying " The Foreign Missionary," 
by Brown. Four of these students desired 
an advanced course and are studying a 
course in the history of missions. Two 
other classes are learning from " World 
Facts and America's Responsibility " and 
" Winners of the World." 

Bro. Emmert is giving many missionary 
addresses as he goes about the District in 
his work. j8 

The Meyersdale, Pennsylvania, congrega- 
tion is giving its children a chance to work 
in their new Junior Society. It has 
ordered the study book, "Junior Folks at 
Mission Study, India," by Nora E. Berke- 
bile. We are certain the juniors will enjoy 
their study. je 

A tribute to our departed Elder D. L. 
Miller has just been received from India. 
Rev. A. Lincoln Shute, D. D., 151 
Dharamtala Street, Calcutta, India, has 
noticed mention of Bro. Miller's death in 
the India Witness. Rev. Shute at the age 
of fifteen was a student at Mt. Morris Col- 

lege when Bro. Miller was business man- 
ager. He was nominated to his first po- 
sition, Sunday-school teacher, by Bro. Mil- 
ler. While he was still in school the 
presidency was placed on the shoulders of 
Bro. Miller. He feels that even in India 
he has suffered a great loss. in the departure 
of this noble character. 

Ten members of the Adult Mission Study 
Class, Yellow Creek congregation, of which 
Rev. Ivan L. Erbaugh, Kent, 111., is teacher, 
have just received their diplomas for hav- 
ing passed the examination on " Christian 
Heroism." ^ 

Diplomas have been sent to five members 
of the Spring Creek Adult Mission Study 
Class, Rev. B. W. S. Ebersole, Hershey, Pa., 
teacher. jj 

Among those who recently passed the 
examination on " Shepard of Aintab " is 
Mrs. Mary M. Gibson, of the Cedar Rapids 
congregation, Middle Iowa, who is nearly 
seventy-two years of age. 

The Covington churchy Ohio, reports a 
very splendid missionary meeting Jan. 15. 
Bro. Bonsack was with them and large, re- 
sponsive audiences attended both morning 
and evening services. An offering in cash 
and pledges for both home and world-wide 
missions amounted to about $1,600. Vari- 
ous efforts of this wideawake church prom- 
ise additional blessings, both for itself and 
the cause throughout the world. May the 
Lord bless this pastor and people! 

The Sunnyside, Outlook and Yakima 

churches in Washington State are showing 
the India, China and Forward Movement 
sets of stereopticon views in their churches. 
They have adopted this plan as a means of 
bringing their people into closer touch with 
the missionary work of the church. By co- 
operation the three congregations are en- 


The Missionary Visitor 


abled to secure the slides at a smaller cost, 
since the express is rather expensive that 
far west. £, 

The Missionary Committee in the Mexico 
church, Ind., is doing some real splendid 
work. It has arranged a program of mis- 
sionary activity for the church and has sent 
a letter to each family announcing plans 
for its offering day. It is making a special 
effort to have the Visitor sent to every 
family. The Visitor is sent upon request to 
all who have donated two dollars or more 

to missions. 

& S 


While the publisher of each book is men- 
tioned, these books can all be secured at 
the same price from the Brethren Publish- 
ing House, Elgin, 111. 

Life of D. L. Miller, by Bess Royer Bates; 
340 pp.; Brethren Publishing House. Copy- 
right 1921. Price, $2. 

A biography of one who has achieved is 
very inspiring and interesting reading. It 
is doubly so when it is one whom we have 
known and loved. One of our best known 
and most beloved church leaders has gone 
from us, leavng us a rich heritage of 
memories. Bess Royer Bates, niece of Bro. 
Miller, has gathered the memories of his 
life and travels and presents them in this 
interesting book. 

The author's ability as a writer is well 
known and her close relationship afforded 
her unusual opportunities for getting the 
information contained in this volume. Near- 
ly the whole book was read ad approved by 
Bro. Miller. It verily seems to throb and 
pulse with the life of our departed brother. 

The Message of Sadhu Sundar Singh, by 

Canon B. H. Streeter; 12 mo, 209 pp., $1.75. 
The Macmillan Co., 1921. 

This is a very remarkable book about a 
very remarkable man. Sadhu Sundar Singh 
shows the power of an Oriental interpreta- 
tion of Christ. He is a Christian mystic, a 
holy man full of humility, who follows the 
example and teachings of Christ literally; 
who thinks in Oriental imagery; who suf- 
fers joyfully; who serves self-sacrificingly; 
and who lives triumphantly. Those who 
have met the Sadhu are reminded of Christ, 
and see in him a man of about thirty-two, 
full of peace, of joy, of power. He has had 

unusual experiences, some of them appar- 
ently miraculous. His messages and con- 
versation are full of epigram and parable. 
They are wonderfully stimulating and il- 
luminating. The Sadhu's views on heaven 
and hell, on Christian unity, on sin and sal- 
vation, service and suffering are unique and 
wonderfully helpful. — Missionary Review of 
the World. 

Playing Square with Tomorrow, by Fred 
Eastman; 146 pp., cloth, 75 cents; paper, 
50 cents. Council of Women for Home 
Missions, and Missionary Education Move- 
ment, New York. 

This book is a challenge to the young 
people of America to choose the path of 
service rather than the path of self-interest. 
The needs of rural communities, of new 
Americans, of migrant workers, of Indians 
and Mexicans in the United States, and of 
the peoples of Alaska and Porto Rico are 
made definite by clear and vivid presenta- 
tions. Illustrated with photographs. 

The chapter titles are: 1. Young America 
at the Crossroads. 2. The Way of the 
Crowd. 3. Where Does Service Begin? 
4. Needs of Town and Country Communi- 
ties. 5. Other Unfinished Tasks. 6. The 
Life of Service. 

From Survey to Service, by Harlan Paul 
Douglass; 175 pp.; cloth, 75 cents; paper, 
50 cents. Council of Women for Home Mis- 
sions, and Missionary Education Movement, 
New York. 

In this book are set forth some of the 
great problems before the religious forces 
of America as revealed especially by the 
recent surveys. The chapter titles are: 1. 
The Church a Service Agency for the 
People. 2. The Reach of the Church. 
Home Missions and the Problem of Dis- 
tance. 3. Mankind on the Move. Home 
Missions and the Problem of Transience. 

4. Barriers Between Neighbors. Home 
Missions and the Problem of Difference. 

5. The World's Brand. Home Missions 
and the Problem of Prejudice. 6. Home 
Missions and the World of Work. Illus- 
trated with photographs and charts. 

"The Social Message of Christianity" is 
the title of a fourteen-page leaflet, just pub- 
lished by the General Educational Board. 
It was prepared by a committee, consist- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing of Brethren D. W. Kurtz, J. Hugh 
Heckman, and Paul H. Bowman. It is 
practical and timely, presenting in a brief 
and forceful way the position of the Church 
of the Brethren on the leading social ques- 
tions of the day. An attractive feature is 
found on the inside cover page, where these 
words are printed: "Sent without charge 
to those interested." Other leaflets pub- 
lished by the board and sent free on re- 
quest are, " The Creation of Democracy," 
" Early Educational Endeavors " and 
" Ministers' Home Study Course." Order 
from General Educational Board, Elgin, 111. 

The Mission Study Class Leader. By T. 
H. P. Sailer. No leader of a mission study 
class can afford to be without this helpful 
tool. Chairmen of missionary committees, 
superintendents of missionary education, 
pastors, and all who have responsibility for 
missionary education will also find it in- 
dispensable. Price: cloth, $1.00; paper, 75 
cents; postpaid. 


Recently a man representing a large de- 
nomination was in the office of the Mission 
Rooms, and after transacting certain fi- 
nancial business asked for an explanation 
of methods in our mission work. He 
seemed agreeably surprised at the many 
good things of which he was not aware. He 
said, " I wish my church did such splendid 
work; I would then be glad to give liberal- 
ly." We happen to know that his church 
is doing excellent mission work and he is 
uninformed. It may be his fault, but that 
does not help matters. It is the challenge 
to missionary leaders to see that the mis- 
sionary message is put across in both an 
appealing and an informing way. Some of 
the following suggestions will suit your 

" Plan to have a delegation from your 
church present at some District or other 
missionary gathering where the missionary 
message is given." 

" Organize and conduct a Mission Study 

" Arrange for a week-end missionary con- 
ference, securing some leader from outside 
your group. The District field secretaries 
will be glad to help you. The secretaries 
from the Mission Rooms can often arrange 

to be in attendance at such meetings." 

" Secure missionary slides from the Mis- 
sion Rooms." 

" Conduct missionary programs by the 
children and young people. Sources of pro- 
gram material will be given at the Mission 
Rooms. In many churches a missionary 
dialogue by the young people presents the 
message in an appealing way." 

" Supper conferences at the church most 
always bring a good crowd and folks will 
gladly listen to missionary messages that 
may be given." 

" A monthly missionary news letter called 
Missiongrams is sent from the Mission 
Rooms to the missionary committee of 
every church. These are splendid for read- 
ing before the Sunday-school." 

The best and cheapest encyclopedia of 

facts concerning our church and her work 
is the Yearbook. It costs only ten cents 
and should be in every Brethren home. 

Maps of Our China and India Mission 

Map of Our China Field 
The China missionaries have provided us 
this splendid map, showing the location of 
their main stations as well as the outposts. 
Visualized education is essential for good 
results. When you talk and pray about 
our China work be sure to use the map. 
Size 28x20. Paper, 25c; Cloth uncolored, 
40c; Cloth colored, 65c. 

Map of Our India Field 
Dr. Raymond Cottrell has drawn a splen- 
did new map of our field in India. This 
has been printed on both paper and cloth. 
Secure it and let the Sunday School and 
Mission Study classes 

Follow the Missionaries in Their Work 
When a gift of money for a certain work- 
er or station is made show the school on 
the map where the money is to be used. 
The interest will be increased. Size 28x16 
inches. Paper, 15c; Cloth uncolored, 40; 
Cloth colored, 65c. 

" Some do as they are told — others can 
do nothing else." ^ ^ 

" Milk of human kindness beats cold 
cream for wrinkles." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Old Abner Corntassel had lived all his life 
In Raritan Township — most the time with 

his wife; 
Two daughters they had, and also one son, 
And each one was busy from sun to sun. 
Each season the weather made crops of the 

Till Abner was wealthy, he one time con- 
The farm fairly sparkled with brand-new 

His daughters had clothes so they dressed 

just like queens; 
The son went sparking in a great big car, 
And mother was happy, like most mothers 

Old Abner said grace each time at the 

In fact they all seemed to trust in their 

On Sundays they always were found in 

their pew 
At the Methodist church and Sunday-school, 

They gave of their money the preacher to 


And supported the church in a whole- 
hearted way. 

Now to outward appearances, everyone said, 

That all of this family by the Spirit was 

But wait up a minute, for 'twas the col- 

That came very near breaking up their con- 

One Sunday our pastor in his kindliest way, 

With his heart full of love for a land far 

Asked Abner to give to the missionary's 

And the look that he got pretty near made 
him fall. 

'Twill be better, we think, to have the old 

Tell the story to you as well as he can: 

" Now pastor, you know how I've give to 
the cause, 

How I've tried to obey all the scriptural 

My money has kept this old church out of 

But this I must say, even though with re- 

My old wife and me will do all that we can 

To help in this church on most any good 

But we cannot comply with this foreign de- 

And give to some other old heathenish land. 

We always have thought that our own 
church conditions 

Were in bad enough shape without foreign 

So old wife and me, even though we lose 

Can't give to a bunch of old lazy heathen." 
The pastor was shocked, not a word did he 

But he felt pretty sure that the Lord would 

hold sway. 
Then he fell to his knees and prayed loud 

and long 
That God would show Abner just where he 

was wrong. 
A few days at the farmhouse passed wearily 

And often was heard from the old folks a 

When one morning poor Abner arose with 

a fright 
And said he had spent just the awfullest 

He said 'twas a vision, though visions are 

But the daughters insisted that he had a 

" I dreamed I was lying prone on to the 

When what should come marching right in 

at the door 
But a thousand starved children of many a 

Said old Uncle Abner with fear on his face. 
" They stood on my fingers, one each on 

my toes, 
They stepped on my ears, and they trod on 

my nose; 
So helpless was I and so near out of breath 
I thought I had surely come nigh' unto 

I pushed some aside, but they seemed so 

That I asked them at last what it was that 

they wanted. 
' God has given you wealth while we've 

nothing to eat,' 
Said each little voice, so pathetic and sweet. 
1 He has sent us to you to show you the 

To follow your Savior and to live as you 

So please give to missions, or we won't go 

We'll camp on your carcass till the judg- 
ment day.' 
Then I woke with a start, and I tell you, 

dear wife, 
From this moment on I shall lead a new 

The next Sunday came, but it came oh, so 

To old Uncle Abner who to church wished 

to . g°- 
His family pew was filled as of old, 

And the sermon and hymns seemed purer 

than gold. 
Now once in awhile in the life of a oastor 
A thing will occur to make his heart beat 

And thus did he see in the Corntassel pew 
A form knelt in prayer — an event rather 


(Continued on Page 64) 


The Missionary Visitor 


the junior missionary 

Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

"Pigs" and Primers 


DO you know, Uncle Don," sighed 
Margie one ' day, " sometimes I 
think I'm a very wicked little girl." 
They were out on the front porch having 
confidences and enjoying the spring twilight. 

Uncle Don glanced down at the sober 
face of the child nestled against him, and 
breathed a prayer of thanksgiving that in 
the world which he had traveled far and 
wide there were faces of such open purity 
and loveliness to be found. But Uncle Don 
was wise; he did not contradict his small 
niece on the subject of her state of heart. 
He knew that little girls of eight may often 
have burdens on their consciences. Instead, 
he only said, "How now, Puss?" in his 
sympathetic, Uncle Don way. 

" Oh, I know mother thinks I like to go 
to school, and that it's easy for me to get 
good marks. I hate to disappoint her, but 
Uncle Don, sometimes I just hate school! 
Not always, you know, but days like this 
when I partic'larly wanted to go to the 
woods. Something just seemed to coax me 
out all day, but there I had to sit with that 
tiresome 'rithmetic and spelling. 'Course I 
know school is necessary," the little girl 
hastened to add, " but I do wish we had 
more vacations." 

Uncle Don smiled, and thought how like 
grown-ups she was, sighing for smooth and 
easy places for her little feet! But since 
this was to be an exchange of confidences, 
he bravely made his. Uncle Don always 
played fair. 

" When I was j^our age, Margie, I was 
more wicked than you; I not only wished 
there was no school, but I actually ran 
away one day and went fishing." 

"You, Uncle Don! Why, I didn't know 
that missionaries — " 

" Oh, the little boy Donny wasn't a mis- 
sionary, I assure you. But he had a mother 
and a father like yours who expected he 
would be — if not a missionary, at least of 
some account in the world." Here Uncle 
Don smiled again. " So the punishment was 
such that he never tried that trick again!" 

Margie waited a moment as if for more 
confidences, but her uncle turned the sub- 
ject. " Yours was to be the next story, 
Puss; how would you like it now?" 

" Oh, dandy, Uncle Don, but let me call 
Betty — I promised her." Quick as a flash 
her flying feet and dancing curls were out 
of the gate, and in less time than it takes 
to tell it, back they came with not only 
Betty, but little Jane Jones, and Betty's 
"company cousin" Polly! By some mys- 
terious boy instinct Bob, too, and Lester 
were on hand, with Jimmy Carey, one of 
their inseparables. 

Uncle Don always said, " The more the 
merrier," but this time, " It's a girl's story," 
he warned the boys. Jimmy puckered up 
his face, but Bob said agreeably, " Oh, well, 
we'd just as soon listen." 

" If Aunt Nan were here, she could tell 
this much better than I. However, I'll do 
my best, though it's her story," began 
Uncle Don. 

"After we had been in India about a year, 
one day there came a letter from a Sunday- 
school class back in Aunt Nan's home town. 
In it was a draft for twenty-five dollars. 
The letter said that the money was to be 
used in some place where it would do the 
most good — that it was a love offering from 
the girls and their teacher for Jesus. 

" Now among the poor of India twenty- 
five dollars is a large sum of money. It 
will go a long way toward telling the glad 


The Missionary Visitor 


story of God's love; and the letter made 
Aunt Nan very happy. But the more she 
thought about how she should spend it the 
more puzzled she got. At that time it 
would pay a Bible woman for a whole year, 
or it would buy hundreds of Testaments, 
or keep an orphan in school for more than a 
year. Or it would buy rice for some of the 
poor in the hospital. 

"All these ways were good, but at last, 
what do you think Aunt Nan decided upon? 
Well, you couldn't guess, so I'll tell you. 
She decided to build a schoolhouse with it." 

A chorus of exclamations greeted this 
announcement, all of them with a question 
mark attached. "A schoolhouse — with twen- 
ty-five dollars?" 

" Yes, it can be done in India, where la- 
bor is cheap," said Uncle Don, " for they 
built it, not out of timber or stone or brick, 
but out of mud. Holes for windows, an 
open side for a doorway, and there you are! 

"The schoolhouse was scarcely finished 
and a native teacher from the town secured, 
before the little boys from the village be- 
gan to pour in. How proud their fathers 
were to think that some day their sons 
should learn to read! Oh, yes, the little 
mud schoolhouse was very popular. 

" But when the Mem-sahib (that was 
Aunt Nan) came to visit the new school the 
first thing she said was, ' But where are the 
little girls?' The native teacher smiled a 
smile that showed all his white teeth, and 
the boys tittered. ' Oh, Mem-sahib,' they 
exclaimed, 'girls do not go to school!' 

"Aunt Nan stood aghast. She wanted 
the boys, oh, yes; but she also loved and 
pitied the poor little girls whose life is 
made so hard in that sad sunny land. It 
was the desire to reach and save them that 
had sent her to India. 

" So she just made up her mind to go out 
herself and invite the little girls to come to 
school too. She started out that very day; 
and for many days she visited their houses, 
but it was of no use. The mothers listened 
eagerly to the story of how their boys were 
learning. Of course! Were they not to be 
the masters and leaders and lords of crea- 
tion? It was fitting for little boys to learn. 

"But girls! Why, girls can't learn, they 
told her again and again. ' It can not be 

done, Mem-sahib.' One mother laughed and 
told Aunt Nan to take her pig to school 
and teach it. She said, ' You may practice 
on the pig, and if it can learn to read, then 
I will send my daughter.' The pig indeed! 

" But Aunt Nan wouldn't give up. In 
some way she must show these Hindu peo- 
ple that girls had brains and souls, too, the 
same as boys. So one day she took with 
her some little hand-sewed jackets, and 
asked the mothers if their little girls could 
learn to sew if she would teach them. ' O 
Mem-sahib, if you would be so kind,' they 
all said, ' they might learn to make their 
brothers' jackets.' 

" So it was that little Amman and Lela, 
and by and by all the little girls around, 
came to the village school. They sat with 
their brothers on the floor, for there 
were no benches. They sewed painstaking- 
ly, and drew patterns and figures on the 
white sand, for they had no paper, and for 
pencils they used their slender brown fin- 
gers. Sometimes their curious fathers 
would stop to look in at the wide open en- 
trance, pleased, and by and by amazed, at 
what they saw. For if you will believe it, 
they saw their small daughters not always 
with needles, but often with primers in 
their hands. 

" Yes, those ' little dogs,' those ' pigs,' 
those ' brainless, stupid, no-account women- 
children ' were actually learning to read! 

" One day when Aunt Nan came to the 
mission school for her mid-week Bible story 
and singing, she held up a beautiful red 
Bible-story book, printed in Hindustani. 
' This,' she announced smilingly, 'is for the 
child who reads the primer through first.' 

"Ah, a book! Always a coveted prize. 
The brown chests of the tiny boys swelled 
with determination. How they would work 
for it! As for those creatures, the girls, a 
man-child would not be afraid of them. 
They could only imitate — they could never 

" One day a little figure in a bright red 
sari flew up the path to the Mem-sahib's 
house. ' O Mem-sahib,' cried an excited 
little voice, ' the Jesus Book is mine. I have 
won it.' A strip of brown paper fluttered 
in the little brown hand — such a tiny hand, 


The Missionary Visitor 


surely the tiniest of all in the little mud 

" Mem-sahib took the note and read it. 
It was from the native teacher. It said, 
' Give the book to Rama. She has read 
the primer through first.' 

"Aunt Nan's heart gave a great leap. 
Rama had proved that Hindu girls could 
learn to read. They could learn as fast as 
little boys. Some of them could learn 

" Little Rama got her Jesus Book, with a 
card pasted in it signed by the teacher and 
Mem-sahib, telling how it was earned. 

" So that was the end of saying, in that 
village, that girl has no brains!" 

"Huh!" exclaimed Jimmy Carey as Un- 
cle Don finished, " I guess it's the same 
over there as over here. The fellows have 
to hustle to get ahead of the girls. We 
don't stand any chance in the spelling class 
with Margie Mason and Betty Jones in it." 

At which generous admission every one 
laughed; and Margie, no,t to be outdone in 
generosity, replied, " Well, you boys ex- 
pect us girls to have brains, so how can we 
help it?" 

Then Betty spoke up. " I just guess we 
ought to be 'shamed if we ever don't love 
to go to school, when we have such a nice 
one, don't you, Margie?" 

And Margie, catching Uncle Don's eye, 
answered soberly, "'Shamed to pieces!" — 
S. S. Times. 


Feb. 1, 1816, James Quinter, eminent Breth- 
ren preacher, born in Philadelphia, 
Pa. Died on his knees at the Great 
Conference at North Manchester, 
Ind., May 19, 1888. 

Feb. 5, 1837, Dwight Lyman Moody, Ameri- 
can evangelist, born in Massachu- 
setts. Died in 1899. 

Feb. 12, 1809, Abraham Lincoln was born 
in a log cabin in Kentucky. Was 
assassinated April 14, 1865, occu- 
pant of the White House. 

Feb. 22, 1732, George Washington, " Father 
of his Country," was born in Vir- 
ginia. Died in 1799. 


F etch my fountain pen this way 

E re my "poem" gets away! 

B ring a sheet of paper too — 

R ough or smooth or brown will do; 

U p my big idea flies, 

A iming at the topmost skies; 

R ound it circles — watch it fall! 

Y ou have seen it now — that's all. 


Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 



For Aunt Adalyn. 

This is a sample, Juniors, of an envelope 
addressed to your department. When you 
write, always copy this same form. Then 
you and I will always be sure that your 
letter gets to its destination safely, pro- 
vided, of course, there isn't a railroad wreck 
on the way. I hope soon to have a whole 
basketful of letters from all over— city lots 
and country acres. Tell what your class is 
doing in Sunday-school, what the young 
people are up to in Christian work, how 
to make things, whether you have anything 
you'd like to trade for something else, how 
to make a new kind of puzzle, or construct 
an original story. For the last, you may 
use material you can get anywhere, but 
you must write it in your own words. May- 
be some of you are collecting foreign 
postage stamps. The Visitor has a nice 
assortment of foreign stamps and coins, 
which it will draw on as a reward for good 
work done. 

Every time you write, remember this in- 
variable rule: Write very plainly, with ink, 
on one side only of the paper. People often 
read one's character, you know, by the way 
he puts up his letters. Hail Uncle Sam on 
his next round! 



The Missionary Visitor 



1. Put together equal and competent, and 
make a story. 

2. Put together a girl's name and a rodent, 
and make a mountain. 

3. Put together a rubber tube and a girl's 
name, and make an exclamation. 

4. Put together a transparency and mud, 
and make the name of one of our mis- 

5. Put together a letter of the Greek alpha- 
bet and a tart fruit, and make one of the 
books of the Bible. 

6. Put together a cave and a stamp, and 

make one of our mission fields. 


(A list of worthies in Eph. 4: 11.) 

1. Lit eve sang. 

2. Mary is in so. 

3. Stop lea. 

4. Pert hop. 

5. Roast P. 

6. The race. 

7. Rise mint. 

8. Sob hip. S 


1. What was the first sign of progress in 
the education of the ancients? 

2. How do we know that Abraham had a 
garden of small fruits? 

3. How do we know that Jacob was home- 


4. Why ought Joseph to have put side 
boards on the wagons he sent to bring 
his father to Egypt? 

5. What was a familiar story to the He- 
brews in Egypt? 

6. When did the land of Israel have an 
epidemic of mumps? 

Now all you bright little chaps who can 
crack all the " Nuts," get busy, and send in 
your kernels, and your names will be 
printed on the Honor Roll. If you cannot 
crack them all, try anyhow. 


Saint Valentine's a jolly soul; 
I caught him on his morning stroll — 
"Will you deliver this for me?" 
"Sure! that's my business, sir!" said he. 

" Don't you know that it takes push to 
get pull?" 

December Nuts Cracked 

I. Decapitations. 1. Hur, Ur. 2. Mark, 
ark. 3. Abib, bib. 4. Agag, gag. 5. Babel, 
Abel. 6. Brick, rick. 7. Lice, ice. 
8. Crust, rust. 9. Manna, Anna. 10. Swine, 

II. Word Square. 1. Feast. 2. Ember. 
3. Above. 4. Seven. 5. Trend. 

III. Hidden Name. Messiah. 


Mary Lesh 

They will never know the glory 
Of the kingdom that's to come; 

They will never hear the story 
Just because our lips were dumb. 

They will never see the beauty 
Of the streets all paved with gold; 

We have never seen our duty, 
Just because our hearts were cold. 

They will never know that sighing 

Over there is done away; 
They shall be alone when dying, 

Just because we went our way. 

They will never see the brightness 
Of the saved and countless throng; 

Not for them are robes of whiteness, 
Just because our lives were wrong. 

They will never know the dearness 
Of the arms that safely hold; 

They will miss the Father's nearness, 
Just because we kept our gold. 

They can never through the ages 

Of the hopeless, black despair, 
Do away with sin's dark wages, 

Just because we did not care. 
They will miss the saintly greeting 

Given to pilgrims from below; 
They will miss the heavenly meeting, 

Just because we did not go. 
«,$» t^S 

" Don't you know that many who are not 
on the job all the time find themselves out 
of a job in no time?" 


Hickory, dickory, dock, 

A grin is on the clock, 
He means to shorten February's sting; 

It's awfully stiff with starch, 

But soon the winds of March 
Will blow the littered highway clean for 


The Missionary Visitor 


Corrections: No. 18. See November Visitor — Under 
China Share Plan, contribution -of Lower Miami Aid, 
Ohio, $50 should instead have been credited to 
India Share Plan. 

No. 19. See January Visitor — Under Emergency 
Fund, So. 111., contribution of Okaw congregation, 
$32.70 was since designated for their missionary sup- 
port account. 

During the month of December, the Board sent 
out 5,033 tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during December: 

California— $312.38 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lindsay, $ 152 38 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, 160 00 

Idaho— 20c 

Cong.: J. C. Neher (Nampa), 20 

Illinois— $9.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Jennie Harley (Elgin), 

$1.20; Indv.: Mrs. Susan Kessler, $8, 9 20 

Indiana— $695.94 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. Manchester, $57.65; 
"A Sister in Christ " (Pleasant View), $5; 
S. S.: Burnettsville, $32.83, 95 48 

No. Dist., Cong.: Goshen, $500; Nappanee, 
$75; Shipshewana, $10.46; John Whitmer and 
Wife (Wawaka), $10, 595 46 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Henry Roeger 

(Muncie) 5 00 

Iowa — $71.92 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: R. L. Sink (M. N.) (An- 
keny), 50c; Indv.: Albert Morris, $4.25, ... 4 75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $50; S. S. : 
Greene, $15.17, 65 17 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mary Henderson 

(Monroe), 2 00 

Kansas— $19.62 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Washington, $4.12; 
W. W. Peebles (Chapman Creek), $10, .... 14 12 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Eld. A. J. Werten- 
berger (M. N.) (Maple Grove), 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. A. Gump (Gar- 
den City) 5 00 

Maryland— $115.67 

E. Dist., S. S. : Westminster (Meadow 
Branch), $36.07; Indv.: Annie A. Kepler, 
25c 36 32 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Welsh Run, $78.85; 

David R. Petre (Hagerstown), 50c, 79 35 

Michigan— $3.01 

Indv.: Lydia E. Newman, 3 01 

Minnesota — $80.00 

S. S.: Root River 80 00 

Missouri— $173.97 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smithfork, $62.47; Perry 
Williams (Smith Fork), $75; A Sister (Kid- 
der), $1.50, 138 97 

Mid. Dist,. Indv.: P. C. Peterson, 10 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Eld. D. W. Teeter 

(Dry Fork), 25 00 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Beatrice C. W. S. and S. S., 10 00 

Ohio— $92.60 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Woodworth, $6.91; 
Black River, $5; A Brother (Baltic), $1,.... 12 91 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Emma Kyser (Lick 
Creek), $2; Eld. O. P. Haines (M. N.) 
Lima), 50c; Indv.: Maria Zellner, $1 3 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Minnie Hollinger (Pales- 
tine), $10; Emma Kilmer (Springfield), $1; 
S. S. : Primary Class, Palestine, $2.81; Cir- 
cleville Mission, $10; Bethel, Salem Cong., 

$52.38, 76 19 

Pennsylvania— $1,533.08 

E. Dist., Indv.: Nathan Martin, (M. N.), 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Hannah Puder- 
baugh (Clover Creek), $6; Mrs. Aaron 
Teeter (New Enterprise), $2, 8 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: J. H. Keller (M. N.), .. 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Manor, $17; Andrew 
Chrise and Wife (Markleysburg), $10; Eld. 
C. Walter Warstler (M. N.) (Pittsburgh), 
50c; Eld. S. P. Early (M. N.) (Shade 
Creek), 50c; S. S.: Scalp Level, $15; Plum 
Creek, $18.31; Locust Grove, $20 8131 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: 1st Philadelphia, 
$1,250; Coventry, $65; S. S.: Royersford, 

$127.77 1,442 77 

Texas— $17.90 

Cong.: G. B. Landis (Ft. Worth) 17 90 

Virginia— $18.25 

First Dist., Cong.: T. W. Washtner (Sel- 
ma), $9.25; Indv.: Mrs. Sallie E. Pursley, 
$5, 1425 

No. Dist., Cong.: W. F. Sherman (Sa- 
lem), 2 00 

Sec. Dist., Indv. : Bettie F. Lamb, 2 00 

Washington— $74.00 

Cong.: No. 55278 (Wenatchee), $40; S. S. : 
Teacher's Training Class (Outlook), $5; 
Junior Boys' Class (Outlook), $4; Glean- 
er's Class (Outlook), $25, 74 00 

West Virginia— $23.12 

First Dist., Cong.: Old Furnace, 13 12 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, 10 00 

Wisconsin— $13.75 

Cong.: White Rapids 13 75 

Total for the month, $3,264 61 

Total previously reported, 14,756 33 

Total for the year, $18,020 94 


Indiana— $351.00 

Mid. Dist., Students and Faculty of Man- 
chester College, 341 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Paul D. StOner (Mt. 
Pleasant), 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 35100 

Total previously reported, 4,048 24 

Total for the year, $ 4,399 24 


California — $6.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Inglewood 6 00 

Colorado— $16.50 

W. Dist., Aid Society: First Grand Valley, 16 50 

Illinois— $72.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Milledgeville, 
$30; Hastings St., Chicago, $2; Franklin 

Grove, $40, 72 00 

Missouri— $1.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies, 100 

Ohio— $20.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Painter Creek,.... 20 00 

Wisconsin— $3.00 

Aid Society: Stanley 3 00 

Total for the month $ 118 50 

Total previously reported, 7,409 62 

Total for the year $ 7,528 12 

Iowa— $15.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Iowa River, 15 00 

Total for the month, $ 15 00 

Total previously reported, 106 23 

Total for the year $ 12123 


The Missionary Visitor 


(For World-Wide Missions) 
Alabama— $10.00 

Cong. : Fruitdale, 10 00 

Arizona— $10.00 

Indv. : Nancy D. Underhill, 10 00 

California— $1,362.06 

No. Dist., Cong.: Fresno, $7.14; Chico, 
$13.50; Bethel. S25.55; Patterson, $100.13; La- 
ton, $62.50; McFarland, $66.16; Raisin City, 
$79.42; Figarden, $75.32; Empire, $41.75; Wal- 
ter Pence (Figarden), $4; Mrs. John Fagg 
(Sacramento Valley), $5; L. S. Custer and 
Wife (Sacramento Valley), $10; A Brother 
and Sister (Fresno), $9, 499 47 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Los Angeles, $127.41; 
Pomona, $68; Inglewood, $45.40; Tropico, 
$6.80; Hermosa Beach, $9.85; Pasadena, 
$422.45; V. Garber Cole (La Verne), $10; 
Mary Kilian (La Verne), $50; A Brother 
and Wife (Egan), $10; S. L. Gross and Wife, 
(Santa Ana), $50; Verna A. Cooney (Glen- 
dora), $1.75; No. 55674 (So. Los Angeles), $30; 
Grace H. Davis (La Verne), $2; S. S. : Pri- 
mary Dept. (So. Angeles), $3.93; Aid Socie- 
ty : So. Los Angeles, $25, 862 59 

Colorado— $449.64 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $4; Sterling, 
$37.91; Colorado Springs, $29, 70 91 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $311.96; 
McClave, $16.77; Coffman Family (Cheraw), 

$50 378 73 

Florida— $183.41 

Cong.: Sebring, $147.01; Bethel, $11.40; 
Zion, $10; Indv.: Rev. J. E. Young, $10; J. 

A. Seese, $5, 183 41 

Idaho— $226.76 

Cong.: Bowmont, $11; Clearwater, $3.20; 
Twin Falls, $99.10; Nampa, $24.21; Boise 
Valley, $40.50; Nezperce, $18; Weiser, $5; 

S. S. : Nampa, $25.75, 226 76 

Illinois— $1,981.01 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $59.73; 
Waddams Grove, $10; Franklin Grove, $242; 
Mt. Morris, $152.61; Dixon, $38.65; Free- 
port, $27.65; Sterling, $48.41; Yellow Creek, 
$34; Shannon, $62.30; Douglas Park Mis- ' 
sion (Chicago), $35; Hastings St. Mission 
(Chicago), $60; Bethany (Chicago), $666.72; 
Hickory Grove, $7.50; S. S. : Chinese, Beth- 
any (Chicago), $32.35; " Willing Workers ' " 
Birthday Offering, Milledgeville, $6.74; 
"True Blue" Class, Milledgeville, $5; Aid 
Society: Milledgeville Sisters, $10; Indv.: 
O. E. Gibson, $1; Osborn Family, $1 1,500 66 

So. Dist., Cong.: Oakley, $18.03; Cerro 
Gordo, $133.25; Liberty, $26.35; Macoupin 
Creek, $32; Woodland, $41.48; La Motte 
Prairie, $34; Girard, $36.29; Virden, $90; 
Panther Creek, $30; Fannie Bucher (Wood- 
land), $1; S. G. Bucher (Woodland), $10; 
R. D. Dierdorff (Romine), $5; C. W. S. : 
Astoria, $20.45; Indv.: Glenn M. Garber, 

$1.50; Mary and Lois Garber, $1, 480 35 

Indiana— $1,951.43 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $502.35; 
Andrews, $21; Bachelor Run, $25.95; No. Lib- 
erty, $62; Wabash, $20; Pipe Creek, $35; 
Huntington, $61.83; Huntington City, $125; 
Ogans Creek, $16.65; A Sister (Manchester), 
$10; E. and L. A. Eckman (Loon Creek), 
$20; Grace Miller Murphy (Mexico), $5; J. 
W. Shively and Wife (Manchester), $150; 
S. S. : Truth Seekers' Class, Lower Deer 
Creek, $12.75; Hickory Grove, $60; Wabash 
City, $7.25; Aid Society: Lower Deer Creek, 
$10, 1,144 78 

No. Dist., Cong.: Wakarusa, $15; Second 
So. Bend, $19.35; Solomon Creek, $16.83; 
Cedar Lake, $50; Ft. Wayne, $3.77; La Porte, 
$37.50; Cedar Creek, $7; W. Goshen, $254.37; 
Osceola, $5; Pleasant Valley, $25.36; Center, 
$6; Blue River, $12.50; Cecil C. Reed 
(Union), $2; Samuel B. Reppert and Wife 
(English Prairie), $20; Jas. R. and Mary B. 
Kelley (First So. Bend), $2; Willard R. 

Sellers and Wife (Yellow River), $5; 
Frank Reed and Wife (Shipshewana), $5; 
S. S. : Osceola, $5; Class No. 3, "The For- 
ward Class," Goshen Citv, $20; A Class of 
Nappanee, $8.51; C. W. S. : Plymouth, $18.68; 
Indv.: Mrs. Sarah Wolf, $5; Unknown Donor 
of Argos, SI, 549 87 

So. Dist., Con?.: Mississenewa, $18.11; 
Anderson, $96.68; Buck Creek, $16.45; Beech 
Grove, $18; Indianapolis, $1; Four Mile, $43; 
Pyrmont, $7.54; Nettle Creek, $12; Mrs. 
Chas. Miller (Fountain), $3; Mrs. Myrtie 
Foust, $3; Aid Societies: Ladoga, $10; 
Hannah Jackson, White Branch (Nettle 
Creek), $1; Indv.: D. E. Stong and Wife, 

$2; Dr. and Mrs. E. O. Metzger, $25, 256 78 

Iowa— $999.42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Panther Creek, $109.20; 
Coon River, $20.56; Brooklyn, $35.61; Gar- 
rison, $23.46; Iowa River, $15; Walnut 
Ridge, $12; Dry Creek, $23.70; Dallas Cen- 
ter, $80; Cedar, $56.36; A Brother (Iowa 
River), $10; S. S. : Dallas Center, $7.10; Pan- 
ther Creek, $17.46; Sunshine Band, Panther 
Creek, $15.30; C. W. S. : Birthday Offering, 
Panther Creek, $9.35; Aid Society: Dallas 
Center, $25 460 10 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, $10; Spring 
Creek, $6.41; Waterloo City, $50; So. Water- 
loo, $134.25; Frances Beeghlev (Grundv Co.), 
$5; A. M. Sharp and Wife (Spring Creek), 
$2; Mrs. Edward Zapf (Grundv Co.), $5, .. 212 66 

So. Dist., Cong.: English River, $86.70; 
No. English, $30.25; Fairview, $42.50; So. 
Keokuk, $141.21; Libertvville, $20; Nellie 
Wonderlich (So. Keokuk), $1; Sarah Wil- 
liams (So. Keokuk), $5, 326 66 

Kansas— $1,132.66 . 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Rock Creek. $10; 
Chapman Creek, $5.71; Overbrook, $57; Ot- 
tawa, $74.76; Ozawkie, $17.50; Kansas City, 
$50; Richland Center, $52.17; Appanoose, 
$45; Sabetha. $69.05; Wade Branch, $26.35; 
Armourdale Mission, $5.53; Mrs. Lvdia Kim- 
mel (McLouth), $25; Dr. H. R. Tice and 
Wife (Richland Center), $10; S. S. : Be- 
ginners ', Primary, Tunior and Intermedi- 
ate Classes, Ottawa, $12.95; C. W. S. : Ot- 
tawa, $33.87; Aid Societv: Appanoose Sis- 
ters, $5; Indv.: Mrs. E. O. Slater, $25; 
Mrs. B. S. Katherman (Lawrence) $4, ... 528 89 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Quinter, $29.31; No. 
Solomon, $12.15; Burr Oak, $16.50; Maple 
Grove, $10, 67 96 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Ida, $10.30; New 
Hope, $43; Osage, $25.17; J. W. and A. L. 
Eikenberry (Independence), $2; Aid Societv: 
Osage, $10; Indv.: L. A. Phillips, $2; Eliza- 
beth Patteson, $5; Fannie Stevens, $3, .. 100 47 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Garden Citv, $46.71; 
McPherson, $192.60; Conwav Springs, $25.58; 
E. Wichita, $107.50; Pleasant View, $43.95; 
M. C. Ruthrauff, Paint Creek, $5; Mrs. V. 
E. Whitmer (E. Wichita), $2; Aid Society: 
Conway Springs, $12, 435 34 

Louisiana— $49.00 

Cong.: Roanoke, 49 00 

Maryland— $1,507.78 

E. Dist., Cong.: Meadow Branch, $112.59; 
Bush Creek, $36.93; Beaver Dam, $6.94; 
Bethany, $46.23; Pipe Creek, $190; Denton, 
$47.60; Long Green Vallev, $23.90; Locust 
Grove, $32.07; Woodberrv (Baltimore), $74.56; 
Piney Creek, $20; Mary E. Bixler (Meadow 
Branch), $2.25; James K. Waters (Middle- 
town Valley), $10; S. S. : Woodberry (Bal- 
timore), $83.22; Rocky Ridge (Monocacv), 
$22.21; Detour (Monocacv), $3.44; C. W. 
S. : Long Green Valley, $2.81; Aid Society: 
Woodberry (Baltimore), $20; Indv.: Annie 
A. Kepler, $5, 739 75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $316.51; 
Manor, $63.75; Broadfording, $141.95; Beaver 
Creek, $50; Long Meadow, $25.60; Rev. Tohn 
Rowland (Broadfording), $11.50; A Sister 
(Pleasant View), $30; S. S. : Cheerful Glean- 
ers, Brownsville, $9.53; Opening Buds Class, 


The Missionary Visitor 


Brownsville, $5; Junior Class, Brownsville, 
$5; Beacon Lights Class, Brownsville, $15; 
Helpers' Class, Brownsville, $10; Begin- 
ners' Class, Brownsville, $11 694 84 

W. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $37.04; Cherry 
Grove, $26; Pine Grove (Oakland), $9.15; 

Indv.: Clarence E. Coleman, $1, 73 19 

Michigan— $220.80 

Cong.: Beaverton, $59.19; New Haven, 
$11; Onekama, $19; Sunfield, ' $5; Harlan, 
$4.06; Battle Creek Mission, $3.37; Shepherd, 
$32; H. C. Royer and Wife (Sugar Ridge), 
$3; Margaret Shoe (Shepherd), $2; S. S. : 
Friendly Class, Beaverton, $19; Junior 
Dept., Grand Rapids, $2; Primary Dept., 
Grand Rapids, $4.29; Harvester's Class, 
Grand Rapids, $3; Faithful Workers' Class, 
Grand Rapids, $5.89; Daughters of the 
King Class, Grand Rapids, $6; Onward Cir- 
cle Class, Grand Rapids, $11; Hart, $30; 

Indv.: "Sister in Christ," $1, 220 80 

Minnesota— $215.02 

Cong.: Hancock, $7.32; Lewiston, $44.05; 
Minneapolis, $39.21; Preston, $51.59; W. S. 
Ramer and Wife (Nemadji), $10; J. E. 
Wingert (Hancock), $2; Darius Broadwater 
(Root River), $5; Earl Broadwater (Root 
River), $5; S. S.: Preston, $21; "Busy 
Bees " Class, Lewiston, $2; Gallant Work- 
ers' Class, Lewiston, $10; Lewiston, $10; 
C. W. S.: Minneapolis Junior, $2.85; Aid 

Society: Lewiston Sisters, $5, 215 02 

Missouri— $520.06 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $23; 
Prairie View, $30; Mineral Creek, $43.89; 
Warrensburg City, $30; So. Warrensburg, 
$39.13; John T. and L. C. Forehand, Mt. 
Zion (Spring Branch), $10, •. 176 02 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Bethel, 23; Rock- 
ingham, $135.51; John H. and Jane Mason 
(Pleasant View), $25; S. S.: Sunbeam Class, 
Rockingham, $14.62; Merry Maids' Class, 
Rockingham, $9; Aid Societies; Rocking- 
ham Dorcas, $5; Rockingham Mission Cir- 
cle, $15.93; Indv.: Emma Schildknecht, $5; 
District Meeting, $51.78, 284 84 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Peace Valley, $13.20; 
Dry Fork, $8.84; Clara Miller (Nevada), 
$20; P. H. Killingsworth (Oak Grove), $6; 
S. S. : Dry Fork, $5.14; Intermediate Class, 
Dry Fork $1.02; Aid Society: Dry Fork, $5, 59 20 

Montana — $16.65 

E. Dist., Cong.: Grandview, $10.45; Chas. 
E. Wolff and Wife (Milk River Valley), $2, 12 45 

W. Dist., Cong.: • Kalispell, $2.20; Levi 

Learn and Wife (Kalispell), $2, 4 20 

Nebraska— $80.94 

Cong.: Red Cloud, $7.10; Bethel, $3; So. 
Beatrice, $68.84; Indv.: Mrs. Naomi Harry, 

$1; Grace M. Harry, $1 80 94 

New Mexico— $11.00 

Cong. : Miami, 11 00 

North Carolina— $148.05 

Cong.: Pleasant Grove, $8.80; Melvin 
Hill, $114.25; Indv.: Ira W. Weidler and 

Wife, $25, 148 05 

North Dakota— $49.85 

Cong.: Zion (Cando), $10; Brumbaugh, 
$6.60; Kenmare, $13.50; W. W. and Emily 
J. Keltner (Williston), $10; S. S.: Brum- 
baugh, $1.40; New Rockford, $4.35; Indv.: 

Henry Baughman and Wife, $4, 49 85 

Ohio— $2,187.02 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Reading, $15.25; Woos- 
ter, $52; Mohican, $7.89; New Philadel- 
phia, $41.92; Black River, $62.75; Springfield, 
$17; Canton City, $13.55; Freeburg, $5; 
Baltic, $140; Maple Grove, $48.59; Danville, 
$66.45; W. Nimishillen, $35; E. Nimishillen, 
$24.73; Elizabeth Toms, (Owl Creek), $10; 
Dora A. Zook (Wooster), $2; Ruth M. 
Lechrone (W. Eel River), $10; Char- 
lotte Orr (Black River), 25c; Effie Orr, 
(Black River), $5; Mary and Amanda 
Bender (Sugar Creek), $10; Irena Kurtz (W. 
Nimishillen), $10; S. S.: Wingfoot Cor- 

ners (Springfield), $20; Aid Societies: Ma- 
ple Grove Sisters, $20.96; Springfield, $25; 
New Philadelphia, $25; Indv.: Unknown 
donor of Alliance, $15, 763 34 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Ridge, $26.80; 
Marion, $20; Lick Creek, $57.88; Baker, $19.13; 
Fostoria, $2; Silver Creek, $111.61; Sugar 
Creek, $40; Greenspring, $21.30; S. S.: Per- 
severance Band, Class No. 4, Greenspring, 
$40; Aid Society: Greenspring, $20; Indv.: 
Fred Stutzman, $2, 360 72 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $69.80; New 
Carlisle, $206.78; Marble Furnace, $4.80; W. 
Charleston, $202.57; Middle Dist., $23; Cir- 
cleville Mission, $11.15; Trotwood, $168.06; 
Strait Creek Valley, $5; Springfield, $20; 
Lower Miami, $12.71; W. Dayton, $92.77; 
Salem, $160.92; Beech Grove, $14.32; Chas. 
E. Weimer (Greenville), $25; Oliver Royer 
(Circleville), $1.45; N. W. Rinehart and Wife 
(Covington), $20; A Sister (Lower Still- 
water), $2; S. S.: Girls' Self-Denial Class, 
Bear Creek, $3.63; Wheatville (Upper Twin), 

$14; Aid Society: Bradford, $5, 1,062 96 

Oklahoma— $153.52 

Cong.: Big Creek, $45.52; Washita, $25; 
Thomas, $75; Indv.: Sarah Latimer, $8, .. 153 52 
Oregon— $178.60 

Cong.: Mabel, $31; Grants Pass, $32.23; 

Newberg, $34.87; Portland, $80.50, 178 60 

Pennsylvania— $5,256.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Peach Blossom, $1.71; 
W. Green Tree, $56.50; Souderton Mission 
(Hatfield), $2; Little Swatara, $41.50; Me- 
chanic Grove, $12; Ephrata, $118; Myers- 
town, $87.20; Ridgely, $33.18; Springfield, 
$8.40; Midway, $74.29; Conestoga, $68.20; 
Chiques, $97; Lititz, $152.91; Spring Creek, 
$5; Fredericksburg, $55; Hatfield, $196.25; 
Akron, $33.75; Quakertown (Springfield), 
$11.63; Harrisburg, $100; White Oak, $116.50; 
Annville, $86; Mountville, $68.41; Richland, 
$58.69; Lancaster, $108.25; Indian Creek, 
$124.32; W. Conestoga, $55.69; Schuylkill, 
$31.28; Mingo, $61; Heidleburg, $33.85; H. Y. 
Brandt (White Oak), $2; Samuel F. Gott- 
shall (Mingo), $100; Franklin Burkwalter 
(Lancaster), $25; No. 55803 (Mingo), $20; 
Mrs. Chas. J. Weibly (Lake Ridge), $5; 
Dist. No. 2 S. S. and Missionary Meet- 
ing (Mingo), $64.63; S. S. : Organized Will- 
ing Workers' Class, Chiques, $20; Girls' 
Willing Workers' Class, Chiques, $12; Ber- 
ean Bible Class, Quakertown (Springfield), 
$20.94; Gleaner's Class, Akron, $5; Lydia 
Ann Gettel, Lebanon (Midway), $5; C. W. 
S.: Ridgely, $2.40; Akron, $10, 2,190 48 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Snakespring, $29.80; 
Claar (Queen), $7; Huntingdon, $50; Roaring 
Spring, $6; Fairview, $6.19; 28th St. Altoona, 
$15; Mrs. Rachel Rhodes (28th St. Altoona), 
$2; Mrs. Sarah Replogle (Roaring Spring), 
$10; Eld. A. L. Simmons and Wife, Cross 
Road (Clover Creek), $10; S. K. Wisler and 
Wife, Cross Road (Clover Creek), $10; C. 
B. Beach, Cross Road (Clover Creek), $5; 
S. S.: 28th St. Altoona, $15; Mrs. C. B. 
Replogle's Class, 28th St. Altoona, $5; C. 
B. Replogle's Class, 28th St. Altoona, $5; 
Geo. Rhode's Class, 28th St. Altoona, $5; 
Aid Society: New Enterprise Sisters, $25, 205 99 

S. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $45.50; Poplar 
Grove, $50.73; Antietam, $185.55; Upper 
Conewago, $70.50; Codorus, $156.53; New 
Fairview, $73.83; Back Creek, $67.25; Marsh- 
creek, $47.58; Cevilla C. Warley (Hanover), 
$5; Oliver W. Markey and Wife (York), 
$20; Blanche Griest (Upper Conewago), $4; 
S. S. : Waynesboro (Antietam), $87.73; C. 

W. S.: Hanover, $10 824 20 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $300; Brook- 
lyn, $143.30; Bethany, $44; Calvary Mission 
(Philadelphia), $100; Three Sisters (Royers- 

ford), $6, 593 30 

W. Dist., Cong.: Shade Creek, $122.21; 
Viewmont, $42; Elk Lick, $68.64; Green- 
ville, $4; Ligonier, $21.91; Garrett (Berlin), 



The Missionary Visitor 


$10.44; Rummel, $60.42; Fairview (Georges 
Creek), $14.51; Roxbury, $31.39; Beachdale, 
(Berlin), $31.31; Middle Creek, $14; Purchase 
Line (Manor), $62.50; Montgomery, $42; Lo- 
cust Grove, $15.10; Walnut Grove, $107.41; 
Greensburg, $100; John D. Minser and Wife 
(Rockton), $15; Mrs. P. A. Berkey (Johns- 
town), $4; Mrs. Annie M. Garber (Ten 
Mile). $1; Elmer Walker (Somerset), $5; 
S. S.: Diamondville, $15; Willing Workers' 
Bible Class, Diamondville (Manor), $40; 
Mrs. Wilbur Bloom, Greenville (Rockton), 
$2; Meyersdale, $13.28; Pike Run (Middle- 
creek), $20; Walnut Grove, $91.78"; Chil- 
dren's Division, Penn Run (Manor), $6; 
Live Wire Class, Penn Run (Manor), $5; 
Conemaugh S. S. and Church (Johnstown), 
$66; Roxbury, $280; Women's Bible Class, 
Roxbury, $10; Summit (Brothersvalley) 
$52.63; Hoover sville (Quemahoning), $37.41; 
Ligonier, $4.35; Elk Lick, $17.46; C. W. 
S. : Ligonier, $2.55; Aid Society: Middle 

Creek, $5; Indv. : Melita V. Rippee, $1, 1,442 30 

South Dakota— $48.50 

Cong.: Willow Creek, 48 50 

Tennessee — $125.49 

Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $79.65; Beaver 
Creek, $5; Meadow Branch, $12.84; Mrs. 
M. A. and Ruth Emmert (Cedar Grove), 
$10; S. S.: Pleasant Valley, $15; Indv.: Mrs. 

L. L. Rowe, $3, 125 49 

Texas— $28.40 

Cong.: Manvel, $15.40; Ft. Worth, $10; 
Delia and Erne Ferguson (Nocona), $3, . . 28 40 

Virginia— $1,603.37 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fairfax, $78.75; Trevilian, 
$11.35; Valley, $17.58; Mt. Carmel, $5.64; 
Oakton (Fairfax). $20; Belmont, $6; Holly- 
wood, $36.70; Midland, $8.35; Manassas, 
$23; Novella E. Utz (Madison), $10; Hon- 
tas Utz (Madison), $10; S. S.: Mt. Hermon 
(Midland), $1.87; Class No. 4, Mt. Hermon, 
(Midland), $2.15; Aid Society: Mt. Hermon 
(Midland), $7; Indv.: John A. Via, $5; J. L. 

Quinn, $3, 

First Dist., Cong.: Oak Grove (Peter's 
Creek), $8.37; Copper Hill, $16.08; Daleville, 
$103.23; Cloverdale, $79.40; C. D. and Mat- 
tie E. Hylton (Troutville), $10; Frankie 
Showalter (Troutville), $10; S. S. : Crab 
Orchard, $22.04; Indv.: Lucy A. Manzy, $2, 
No. Dist., Cong.: Flat Rock, $98.84; Har- 
risonburg, $36.63; Linville Creek, $20.20; 
Unity, $40.75; Mt. Zion (Greenmount), $15; 
Greenmount, $26.43; Woodstock, $9.47; Tim- 
berville, $87; Mattie E. Sites (No. Mill 
Creek), $2; S. S. : Sunshine Class, Fair- 
view (Unity), $5.50; Bethel (No. Mill Creek), 
$7; Pleasant Run (Cooks Creek), $9.31; Lu- 
ray (Mt. Zion), $6.53; Flat Rock, $10; C. 
W. S. : Cedar Grove (Flatrock), $6; Aid So- 
ciety: Mt. Zion Sisters (Greenmount), $10; 

Linville Creek, $15, 405 66 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Valley, $39.38; 
Bridgewater, $181.76; Lebanon, $50; Sum- 
mit, $26.86; Sangersville, $42.45; Mt. Vernon, 
$15.76; Barren Ridge, $15.50; Beaver Creek, 
$3; Aid Societies: Mt. Vernon, $10; White 
Hill, $12; Indv.: Emma V. Hupman, $10,.. 406 71 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, $52.50; Red 
Oak Grove, $13; Topeco, $17.05; Bethlehem, 
$32.30; Germantown, $50.60; Fraternity, 
$50.50; Cloverdale (Bethseda), $30; C. W. 
Sutphin (Pleasant Hill), $2; Ellie Nolen 
(Smith River), $5; W. H. Lintecum (Coul- 
son), $6; S. S.: Blackwater Chapel (Bethle- 
hem), $14.54; Aid Society: Germantown, 

$5; Antioch, $15, 293 49 

Washington— $412.63 

Cong.: E. Wenatchee, $34.81; Spokane, 
$10; Sunnyside, $24.25; Olympia, $19.85; 
Wenatchee Park, $25; Wenatchee, $70.02; 
Outlook, $20.42; Yakima, $80; Mrs. S. O. 
Hatfield (Wenatchee), $50; S. S. : Forest 
Center, $17.54; Berean Class, Sunnyside, 
$30.74; Aid Society: Okanogan Valley, $14; 
Indv.: Willard Johnson, $10; Ada L. Wins- 
low, $6, 412 63 

246 39 

215 12 

West Virginia— $371.07 

First Dist., Cong.: Keyser (New Creek), 
$2; New Creek, $43.70; Beaver Run, $41.21- 
Brookside (Eglon), $11.37; Maple Spring 
(Eglon), $95.10; Glade View (Eglon), $15 64- 
Bean Settlement, $6.55; Greenland, $42; Wm! 
H. Flory and Wife (Tearcoat), $5; B F 
Wratchford (Eglon), $5; Mrs. D. M. Show- 
maker (White Pine), $1.50; Indv.: W W 
Bane and Wife, $100, ' 369 07 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: C. L. Phillips"* (Mt'. 

Zlon) > 200 

Wisconsin — $133.44 

^ ong x : , Stan "ey, $19.89; Chippewa Valley, 

$6.73; J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), $50; S. S • 

Y°ung People's Class, Stanley, $25; Stanley, 

?31 - 82 ' 133 44 

Total for the month, $ 21,623 85 

iotal previously reported, 8,998 52 

Correction No. 19 $ 3 °' 6 | y ? 

Total for the year, $ 30,589 67 


California — $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Alice Vaniman, .. 5 00 

Indiana— $350.00 

^T Iid -u Dist \ Cong - : J - W - Shively and Wife, 
(Manchester) for Anklesvar Girls' School 

urmture ' 35000 

Iowa — $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon, 50 o 

Ohio— $76.65 

i N ' E i ? iS r^'£ ong - : Chippewa, $55.85; Chil- 
dren of 7 D. V. C. S., $15.80, 7i6s 

So. Dist., Indv.: Kate Riley, 555 

Washington— $85.00 

Cong : No. 55278 (Wenatchee), $60; Indv : 
Samuel Bock, $25, ... '.[ 8S qq 

Total for the month, $ 566~65 

Total previously reported, ..2,363 71 

Total for the year $ 2,930 36 

Alabama— $5.00 

Cong.: Fruitdale, Citronelle, Mobile and 
Brewton, s QQ 

Florida— $15.00 

Ind.: Rev. J. E. Young, k nn 

Florida-$20.00 5 °° 

Cong.: Fruitdale, Citronelle, Mobile and 
Brewton, $5; Indv.: Rev. J. E. Young, $15, 20 00 
Iowa— $80.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Loyal Workers' Class, 

lvester (Grundy County), go 00 

Maryland — $5.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Edgewood, 5 qo 

Michigan — $80.00 

S. S. : Onekama, 80 00 

Ohio— $80.00 

N. E Dist., S. S.: E. Nimishillen, 40 00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Society: Pleasant View 
Sisters, 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Greenville, .....'"""""'".' " 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $92.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Indian Creek, 32 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Harold High (Coven - 

tr ^> 6000 

South Dakota— $12.50 

S. S. : Willow Creek, 12 50 

Virginia— $20.00 

Sec. Dist., Aid Society: Bridgewater, 20 00 

Total for the month, $ 389 50 

Total previously reported, '.'$ 1,333 60 

Total for the year, <t 172310 

Cal if orn ia — $5 .00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Hermosa Beach, 5 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Elgin, . . 25 00 

Indiana— $75.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' Class, 
Flora, 3000 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Middlebury, 10 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Fairview, 35 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: C. I. C. Class, So. Keo- 
kuk 5 00 

Kansas— $159.60 

N. E. Dist., District Meeting, 146 60 

S. W. Kans.,' S. S. : Birthday Offering, 

E. Wichita, 13 00 

Ohio— $45.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Millard and Mary 
Moore (Goshen), 25 00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: New Carlisle, $10; Aid 

Society: New Carlisle Sisters, $10; 20 00 

Pennsylvania— $96.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Other Folks' Class" 
Hatfield, $8.75; Aid Society: W. Green Tree 
Sisters, $17.50, 2625 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Missionary Committee 
(Huntingdon), 35 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Green Tree, 25 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: The Busy Bee Class, Gei- 

ger (Brothersvalley), 10 00 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: W. Mill Creek 

(Mill Creek), • 35 00 

West Virginia— $3.45 

First Dist., Cong. : Chester Buckew, Perry 
and Ersel Riggleman (Bean Settlement), 
$1.80; S. S.: Two Primary Classes, Glade 
View (Eglon), $1.65, 3 45 

Total for the month, $ 449 30 

Total previously reported, 2,022 35 

Total for the year, $ 2,47165 


Illinois— $50.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Katherine Boyer (Wad- 
dams Grove), 50 00 

Indiana— $125.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Andrews, $25; S. S. : 
" Willing Workers " Class, Loon Creek, 
$25; "Excelsior" Class, Huntington City, 
$50, 100 00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: New Paris, 25 00 

Iowa— $12.50 

No. Dist., S. S. : Junior League, Ivester 

(Grundy Co.) 12 50 

Kansas— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Dept., Morrill, .. 10 00 

Maryland— $112.50 

E. Dist., S. S.: Men's Bible Class, Wood- 
berry, Baltimore, $12.50; Woodberry, Balti- 
more, $25 ; Pipe Creek, $25, 62 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Pleasant 

View), 50 00 

Ohio— $19.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Busy Workers' Class, 

Pitsburg, 19 00 

Pennsylvania — $190 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $15; Amanda 
R. Cassel and Rosa Young (Indian Creek), 
$50, 65 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Willing Workers" 
Class, Snake Spring, 25 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Brooklyn, $25; Wm. 
P. Keim (Coventry), $50, 75 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Women's Adult Bible 

Class, Summit (Brothersvalley) 25 00 

Washington— $37.50 

S. S. : "Soul Savers" Class, Outlook, 37 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

556 50 
,355 97 

Correction No. 18, 

$ 4,912 47 
50 00 

Indiana — $390.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Four Mile, $35; 
Anderson, $20; Ladoga, $5; Muncie, $20; 
Bethel, $3; Brick (Nettle Creek), $35; Lo- 
cust Grove, $20; White Branch, $20; In- 
dianapolis, $11; Buck Creek, $30; Pyrmont, 
$40; White, $15; Beech Grove, $5; Antioch, 
$15; Arcadia, $25; Mt. Pleasant, $5; Ross- 
ville, $50; Summitville, $5; Mississinewa, 
$20; Indv.: Meda Whitehead, $1; District 

Fund, $10 

Ohio— $1.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Sara Bigler, 

Total for the month" 

Total previously reported, 

390 00 
1 00 

391 00 
1,184 87 

Total for the year, $ 

Pennsylvania— $20.00 

S. E. Dist., S. S. 
Green Tree, 

Class of Ada Fitzwater, 

1,575 87 

20 00 

20 00 
141 00 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year $ 161 00 

Colorado— $9.50 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Therese Loh- 


Kansas— $10.14 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Hutchinson, 

Ohio— $60.79 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chippewa, $55.85; S. 
S. : "Sunbeam" Class, New Philadelphia, 

So. Dist., S. S.: Class No. 6, Greenville, .. 
Virginia — $56.88 

First Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Ro- 

Washington— $80.00 

Cong.: No. 55278 (Wenatchee), 

Total for the month, .♦. :..$ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 2,531 59 

Ohio— $37.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Two Married Sisters' 
Classes, Akron, 

9 50 

10 14 

58 79 
2 00 

56 88 

80 00 


217 31 
2,314 28 

37 50 

Total for the month, $ 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 

Colorado— $60.10 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, $10.10; 

G. E. Studebaker (Rocky Ford), $50, 

Indiana— $22.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Walnut Sisters, .. 
Minnesota — $12.58 

S. S. : Primary Dept., Root River, 

Pennsylvania — $6.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Diligent Workers" and 
" Character Builders " Classes, Ephrata, 
Wisconsin— $2.50 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), 

37 50 
1,002 97 

1,040 47 

60 10 

22 00 

12 58 

6 25 

2 50 

Total for the year, $ 4,962 47 

Total for the month, $ 103 43 

Total previously reported, 269 97 

Total for the year, $ 373 40 

Colorado— $10.11 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 10.11 

Minnesota— $12.57 

S. S. : Primary Dept., Root River 12 57 

Pennsylvania — $6.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Diligent Workers" and 
"Character Builders" Classes, 6 25 



The Missionary Visitor 


Wisconsin— $2.50 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), 2 50 

Total for the month, 3143 

Total previously reported 414 28 

Total for the year, $ 445 71 


Illinois— $25.00 
No. Dist., S. S.: Dixon, 25 00 

Indiana— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, 100 00 

Iowa— $6.25 

No. Dist., S. S. : Primary Dept., Greene, 6 25 

Maryland — $25.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Woodberry, Baltimore, 25 CO 

Ohio— $60.00 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: "Teacher Training 
Class," Beech Grove (Chippewa), 25 00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: "King's Daughters" 
Class, Lima 10 00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Young Married People's 

Class, Pitsburg, 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $68.75 

So. Dist., Cong.: E. Jav, Olive and Ma- 
ble Egan (Back Creek), $25; S. S. : "Al- 
ways There " Class, Waynesboro (Antie- 
tam), $18.75, 43 75 

W. Dist., S. S.: Maple Glen, .... ; 25 00 

Virginia— $37.50 

E. Dist., S. S. : Mothers' Class, Oakton 

(Fairfax), 37 50 

Wisconsin— $31.25 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), $6.25; S. 
S. : Young People's Organized Class, Stan- 
ley, $25, 31 25 

Total for the month $ 353 75 

Total previously reported, 1,186 91 

$ 1,540 66 

Correction No. 18, 50 00 

Total for the year, $ 1,490 66 


Illinois— $1.25 

No. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes, Mt. Mor- 
ris 1 25 

Pennsylvania— $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S. : Hooversville (Quemahon- 
ing), 25 00 

Total for the month, $ 26 25 

Total previously reported, 204 20 

Total for the year, $ 230 45 


Illinois— $10.75 

No. Dist., S. S. : Two Classes, Mt. Mor- 
ris 10 75 

Total for the month, $ 10 75 

Total previously reported, 210 06 

Total for the year, $ 220 81 

Missouri — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: P. C. Peterson, 5 00 

Total for the month $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 29 00 

Total for the year, $ 34 00 


Missouri— $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: P. C. Peterson, 5 00 

Total for the month, S 500 

' Total previously reported, 2 70 

Total for the year, $ 7 70 

Colorado— $42.85 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Antioch, 25 85 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 17 00 

California— $31.66 

No. Dist., Cong.: McFarland, $18.35; Lit- 
tle Folks of Rio Linda, $6.50; S. S. : Junior 
and Primary Classes, Patterson, $3.31; 

Stony Ford, $3.50, 3166 

Kansas — $27.23 

N. E. Dist., Richland Center S. S. and 
Cong., 24 23 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Kate Yost (Peabody), 3 00 

Maryland— $133.90 

E. Dist., Cong.: Long Green Valley, $6.35; 
A Family (Middletown Valley), $24, 30 35 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Brownsville, $33.69; 
S. S. : "Opening Buds" Class, Browns- 
ville, $10; Junior Class, Brownsville, $3.7J ; 
Broadfording, $41.15; Aid Society: Browns- 
ville Sisters, $15, 103 55 

Missouri — $13.05 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Honey Creek, 13 05 

Nebraska— $3.05 

Cong. : Bethel, 3 05 

Oregon— $23.00 

S. S.: Mabel 23 00 

Pennsylvania — $704.63 

E. Dist., Cong.: Peach Blossom, $5; W. 
Green Tree, $56.50; Springfield, $8.25; S. S. : 
Mission Workers' Class, Lebanon (Mid- 
way), $10; Skippack (Mingo), $20.37; E. 
Petersburg, $30; Midway, $30; Salunga (E. 
Petersburg), $15.15; Ephrata, $10; Chiques, 
$10, 195 27 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Clover Creek, $22.56; 
S. S.: James Creek, $10; Clover Creek, $21; 
C. W. S.: James Creek, $15; Clover Creek, 
$10 78 56 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hanover, $50; R. J. 
Buterbaugh and Wife (Falling Spring), $5; 
S. S.: York, $53.50; New Fairview ' S. S. 
and Cong., $245.72, 354 22 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Royersford, 25 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Uniontown (Georges 
Creek), $8.05; Bearlib (Beachdale), $11.63; 
Garrett (Berlin), $6.05; S. S.: Elk Lick. 
$20.85; Indv. : C. L. Cox, $5, 51 58 

Total for the month, $ 979 37 

Total previously reported, 585 65 

Total for the year, $ 1,565 02 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong. : Mrs. Alice Vaniman 

(Pasadena), 5 00 

Colorado— $31.35 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Denver, 3135 

Illinois— $54.05 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elgin, 54 05 

Indiana— $52.61 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Mexico, 34 01 

No. Dist., S. S. : A Class of Nappanee, 

$8.60; No. Liberty, $10, 18 60 

Minnesota— $60.00 

C. W. S. : Worthington, 60 CO 

Nebraska— $3.05 

Cong.: Bethel, 3 05 

Pennsylvania — $194.24 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Hannah Puder- 
baugh (Clover Creek) 3 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $39.86; S. S. : 
E. Codorus, $60; Prices (Antietam), $15.30; 
Pleasant Hill (Codorus), $13.22, 128 38 

W. Dist., Cong.: W. H. Fry (Windber), 

$10; S. S.: Maple Glen, $52.86, 62 86 

South Dakota— $10.50 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 10 50 

Total for the month, $ 410 80 

Total previously reported, 595 27 

Total for the year, $ $1,006 07 


The Missionary Visitor 


Florida— $5.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young, 5 00 

Illinois— $66.23 

* No. Dist., S. S.: Waddams Grove, $20; 

Elgin, $46.23 66 23 

Indiana— $111.85 

No. Dist., Cong. : Bethel, 56 85 

So. Dist., Cong.: Nettle Creek, $50; Aid 

Society: Brick (Nettle Creek); $5, 55 00 

Iowa— $22.46 
No. Dist., S. S.: Curlew, 22 46 

Kansas— $20.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: No. Solomon, 20 00 

Maryland— $67.64 

Mid Dist., S. S.: Manor, 67 64 

Minnesota— $30.31 

Cong.: Morrill, $9.90; Lewiston, $20.41, .... 30 31 

Montana— $5.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: Florenda, 5 25 

Ohio— $74.45 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Eagle Creek, 74 45 

Pennsylvania— $314.95 

E. Dist., Cong.: Maiden Creek, 48 88 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, 166 07 

So. Dist., S. S.: E. Codorus 100 00 

Tennessee — $5.00 

Cong.: Mrs. Louiza C. Klepper (Niota), 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 723 14 

Total previously reported, 186 78 

Total for the year, . .' $ 909 92 


Illinois— $162.23 

No. Dist., Union C. W. S 162 23 

Total for the month, $ 162 23 

Total previously reported 302 00 

Total for the year, $ 464 23 


Ohio— $1.00 

So. Dist. Indv.: Sara Bigler, 1 00 

Total for the month $ 100 

Total previously reported, 4190 

Total for the year, $ 42 90 

Missouri— $6.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: D. H. Plank (Mound), 6 00 

Total for the month, $ 6 00 

Total previously reported, 13100 

Total for the year, $ 137 00 


(Continued from Page 53) 

At the service's close the pastor received 
A check for a sum that his eyes scarce be- 
" For the Mission Field," some added lines 

And " Glory to God," is what the pastor 

Now whether 'twas a vision or a pesky 

Is nothing to us for we weren't there, 
But old Abner's secret shall be kept to the 


For 'tis known by only his folks and a 

The pastor has faith, great faith in his 

But Abner isn't sure if it's faith or night- 


(Continued from Page 45) 

Brother and Sister Arthur Miller have 
moved into the new bungalow at Anklesvar. 
Some of the Christians have also moved 
out to the new compound. This change 
has made more room on the old compound 
for more girls to enter the boarding school. 
Some girls have been turned away because 
of the lack of room to accommodate them. 

Bro. Lichty has left his work at Ankles- 
var for others to look after, and has gone 
to the Dangs to help in the building going 
on there. 

A new missionary arrived at Bulsar Nov. 
7 — Master Jasper Henry Garner. He will 
soon accompany his parents to Palghar. 

Bro. Holsopple and family have returned 
to their home at Vali. Although they ex- 
tended their stay at Landour, in the hope 
of being quite well when they returned, they 
were not wholly successful, as Bro. Hol- 
sopple and Frances have had malaria since 
arriving home. Quite a number of the 
Indian people there are suffering from the 
same malady. 

At present there are 140 boys in the Vali 
Boarding School. Although this is the 
season for fevers, the school is remarkably 
free from this disease. 

Bro. Hoffert has moved from Vali to 
Bulsar, and Bro. Summer from Vali to 

The work of excavation on the new build- 
ing for the girls' school at Vyara was 
started about the middle of October. The 
number of girls has increased so much and 
so rapidly that an immediate addition 
seems necessary. 

Brother and Sister Blough and Sister 
Widdowson are out in the district in evan- 
gelistic work. They find much interest in 
their work. 

Recently an election was held at Vyara, 
resulting in the election of three deacons 
and one minister. 



H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Elgin. 111. 
T. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa 


H. C. EARLY, President. H. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President tional Secretary, Editor Missionary Visitor. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
Secretary. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 



Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Beds ted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Esbensen, Niels 

•Esbensen, Christine 
Frttsgatan No. 1 
Malmd, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Buckingham Ida 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie F. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Horning, Emma 

Metzger, Minerva 

Oberholtzer, I. E. 

Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 

Sollenberger, O. C 

Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School 
Pekin, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Blickenstaff, Miles 

Blickenstaff, Erraa 

Coffman, Dr. Carl 

Coffman, Feme H. 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Horning, Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Hutchison, Anna 

Miller, Valley 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest If. 

Wampler, Vida A. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith, Frances Sheller 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. 
C. A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M. 

Myers, Sara Z. 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Flory, Raymond C Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Detained beyond furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 
North Manchester, Ind. 
Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, broach Dist., 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 
Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Ebv, Emma H. 

Ho'ffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 

Ross, A. W. 

Ross, Flora N. 

Royer, B. Mary 

Shickel, Elsie 

Shumaker, Ida 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
Prospect Point, Landour 
Mussoorie, United Provin- 
ces, India 

Holsopple, Q. A. 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M 
Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 
Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 
Ebbert, Ella 
Shull, Chalmer G. 
Shull, Mary S. 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 
Forney, Anna M. 
Replogle, Sara G. 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 
Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Miller, Sadie J. 
Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 

Blough, Anna Z. 

Mow, Anetta 

Summer, Benjamin F. 

Widdowson, Olive 
On Furlough 

Arnold S. Ira, McPherson, 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Long, Effie V., Bridgewa- 
ter, Va. 

Powell, Josephine, Aurora, 

Detained beyond furlough 


Cottrell, Dr. A. R., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 
Eby, Anna M., Trotwood, 

Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 
Swartz, Goldie E., Ash- 
land, Ohio 

Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

* Native workers trained in America. 


I I 

I I 

I I 

, ,1 

I I 


I I 

4 * 






DO YOU KNOW that the year just past left a trail of 
wreckage behind it unprecedented in the history of business 
in the United States? At times it looked as if the tidal wave 
of deflation would engulf half of the industries of the United 

Your Case is Being Tried in the Court 

of Experience! 

What Was Your Experience? 

Perhaps in your case, your hindsight becomes witness 
to bad investments in stocks and bonds of industries which 
either "went to the wall," or will discontinue earnings for years 
to come, because of fickle management and the deflation con- 
ditions that have prevailed. 

Permit your foresight to make a good investment record 
from now on. During these present months, when there is 
more than usual liquidation of and change in property hold- 
ings, is a good time to learn of the best investment you pos- 
sibly can make. 

Invest in Mission Annuity Bonds 

The General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren issues two 
kinds of such bonds secured by investments in first farm mortgages — nearly 
one and one-half million dollars so invested at this time. THE BEST SE- 

Ask for our Booklet V222 

(!ei\eral Mis.sioi\ Board 





Church of the ^Brethren 


March, 1922 





DO YOU KNOW that the year just past left a trail of 
wreckage behind it unprecedented in the history of business 
in the United States? At times it looked as if the tidal wave 
of deflation would engulf half of the industries of the United 

Your Case is Being Tried in the Court 

of Experience! 

What Was Your Experience? 

Perhaps in your case, your hindsight becomes witness 
to bad investments in stocks and bonds of industries which 
either "went to the wall," or will discontinue earnings for years 
to come, because of fickle management and the deflation con- 
ditions that have prevailed. 

Permit your foresight to make a good investment record 
from now on. During these present months, when there is 
more than usual liquidation of and change in property hold- 
ings, is a good time to learn of the best investment you pos- 
sibly can make. 

Invest in Mission Annuity Bonds 

The General Mission Board of the Church of the Brethren issues two 
kinds of such bonds secured by investments in first farm mortgages — nearly 
one and one-half million dollars so invested at this time. THE BEST SE- 

Ask for our Booklet V222 

Geixeral Mission Board 



Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIV MARCH, 1922 No. 3 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. All ministers' subscriptions are now being entered 
to expire December, 1923, when they should renew their request for the Visitor. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year if 
possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Contents for March,, 1922 



The Children Among Us, By Ida C. Shumaker, 68 

The Power of Faith, By Albert D. Helser, 70 

December India Notes, By Sara G. Replogle, 71 

Development of Missions in the Church of the Brethren, By Elgin S. 
Moyer 82 


An Indian Girl Makes History, By Frances L. Garside, 73 

Our Mexican Brothers, By Elgin S. Moyer, 74 

Children Start a Mission, By Enoch J. Eby, // 


From Our Daily Mail, 79 

Our Book Department, 80 

General Missionary News, 81 


Get Somebody Else (Poem), '. 88 

By the Evening Lamp, 88 

In Business (Poem), By A. H. B., 89 



The Missionary Visitor 



The Blessedness of Peacemakers 

"Blessed are the peacemakers: for they 
shall be called the sons of God." A care- 
ful examination of the content of the mes- 
sage which Jesus was giving does not pre- 
vent us from believing it legitimate to 
place the emphasis on makers. The Church 
of the Brethren has always stood for peace, 
a fact of which we are not ashamed. How- 
ever, in our individual interpretation of the 
divine will we may have placed more stress 
on the passivity of the teaching than on 
real, genuine promotion of peace. The true 
Christian is not so much concerned with 
the oft-debated question, " What privileges 
do we have as a matter of self-defence?" 
as in the genuine work of peacemaking. 
This is accomplished in many ways, some 
of which each Christian can use. We can 
be peaceable with all mankind; we can re- 
frain from provoking others to wrath; we 
can pray for peacemaking bodies to pre- 
vail on the lawmakers of our country; we 
can elect men of Christian purposes, and 
we can send missionaries to carry the mes- 
sage of peace and good will. 

Perhaps we can do most by a liberal ex- 
ercise of an active evangelical spirit. 
Every lad we see who is not receiving 
Christian nurture is a potential criminal, a 
promotor of strife. If we win him for our 
Sunday-schools he immediately becomes a 
potential peacemaker. The fact of excep- 
tions to the rule does not discourage us in 
the assertion that every child without the 
pale of Christian influence is a challenge 
to every true Christian. Yes, it seems we 
all can be blessed as peacemakers if we 
put the emphasis on makers. 

Are Mission Boards Always Hard Up? 

Do you remember the time when your 
General or District Mission Boards said 
they had enough money to carry on the 
work? Is the constant call for funds an 
evidence of mismanagement? How ag- 
gressive in their work should a Mission 
Board, elected by the church, be? Do you 
want boards that will be content with 
past achievements and that close their eyes 
to new opportunities and responsibilities? 

Do you personally want to be challenged 
to do bigger things next year than you did 
last year? No, Mission Boards are not al- 
ways hard up; rather, their vision of the 
world's needs and the responsibility of 
the church impels them continually to 
challenge the mother church for lives and ■ 
money. To accomplish the Master's will 
there must be consecrated soldiers of the 
cross; the soldiers are helpless without 
arms and the arms are useless without 
ammunition. Believing this, the boards 
will continue to call on the church for 
consecrated workers, equipment with which 
they work, and current funds to meet the 
continual need. ) )))) > 

The Greatest Asset of Our Church — Conse- 
crated Life 

We are astonished at the magnificent 
wealth of the Church of the Brethren. We 
doubt if there is another church in the 
United States that possesses so much vital 
wealth as does our church. We are con- 
vinced of this just now because a question- 
naire recently was sent to the volunteers 
for missionary service. We have never put 
out a questionnaire that was answered so 
promptly by such a large percentage of the 
people addressed. Did you ask a few years 
ago, "Where are our volunteers?" They 
have accepted your challenge and here they 
are. One question on the blank was, 
"When will you be ready for service?" It 
is remarkable to find the number of those 
who reply 1922 and 1923. God be praised 
for this wonderful and best asset — strong 
consecrated life! < «« ( 
An Uprising Needed Among Older Folks 

We said, " Let the volunteers show their 
willingness to be used and we will find 
folks who will provide the means." Today 
the volunteers have answered the chal- 
lenge and they are asking if we are going 
to keep our promise in finding the folks 
who will send them. The Lord needs a 
missionary uprising among the older folks. 
We challenge you today to meet the crisis 
in our church. Here are hundreds of young 
folks, hungry to serve, anxious, willing to 
live — yes, even to die if necessary for the 
cause. They are willing to brave the 


The Missionary Visitor 


dangers of climate and disease. They will 
follow the lead of Jesus Christ in service, 
as did our dear Brother Williams. Yes, 
we know many of our volunteers would go, 
even though they knew it meant death, if 
they could but be of service. How can they 
go except they be sent? How can they be 
sent except by our prayers, encourage- 
ment and money? The most difficult task 
the writer experiences these days is in 
answering the questions of the volunteers, 
as to whether there is a chance for them to 
serve. We have few millionaires, but you 
who read this may be the possessor of 
two, three or four farms. What a wonder- 
ful place you would fill in the missionary 
work of the church if one of these could be 
dedicated to the Lord! O Brethren! 
What will we do? Dare we pray in faith, 
believing that those possessed of this 
world's goods will meet the challenge as did 
the young folks of the church? O Lord, 
if it be thy will, may there be a missionary 
uprising among those who hold the ropes 
while others give their time to the min- 
istry of thy Word! 

Your Living Monument — A Church 

Can the Lord find in the Church of the 
Brethren a family who will build a much- 
needed church building in China? The 
membership of the Liao Chou church is now 
about 200. In the boys' school there are 
practically 200 boys. The girls' school, 
too, is growing. Besides the members of 
the church and the pupils in the school there 
are many citizens of the town who are 
glad to attend our services. The building 
will not accommodate all the people that 
want to come. There is little chance to 
grow unless more adequate room is pro- 
vided. The present church building is a 
Chinese house that has been converted into 
a church. 

At the earnest request from the China 
Mission the board approved their plans for 
building a new church. We are praying 
that some good brother or sister, whom the 
Lord has blessed With this world's goods 
and a warm Christian heart, will find in 
this a chance to erect a living monument 
to his name. < (((« ■ 

The Workers' Corner of the Visitor 

Do you want a suggestion? Would you 

like to know how the other fellow is get- 
ting along? Are you wondering what new 
missionary books are available? Is your 
church isolated, and do you hunger for the 
fellowship of other churches? If so will 
you do two things, please? First, be- 
come a reader of the " Workers' Corner," 
and be sure to offer suggestions so we can 
make it better. Second, will you think of 
the Workers' Corner whenever you have a 
missionary event and send in a brief account 
of your labor? If you try a good method 
and it works, tell the other 999 churches 
through the Workers' Corner. 

Pass It On ^> 

Don't throw away your copy of the Visi- 
tor. Pass it on to another, who may not 
have had a chance to read it. Point out a 
good message to some one else. Did you 
read that splendid article, " Educating the 
Jungle Tribes," by Adam Ebey in the Feb- 
ruary Visitor? Many people are saving all 
of their Visitors and refer to them for 
methods, missionary poems and facts con- 
cerning our work. 

Spiritual Poverty 

The greatest problem of the world is sin, 
and in the church we are troubled .with that 
particular variety of sin called spiritual 
poverty. It is extremely difficult to combat, 
for it is not always recognizable and ap- 
pears at places least expected. Indeed, if 
any sin can be known as a wolf clothed in 
sheep's clothing it is spiritual poverty. If 
it were a sin such as murder, theft or adul- 
tery, we would immediately recognize it 
and could act accordingly. 

It is pitiable to see a mother trying to 
nourish her child, and because her food is 
not nourishment the child grows weaker. 
We deplore the spectacle of a home mas- 
querading under the name of such, when 
there is no love. The music teacher tries 
to teach music, but the pupil fails because 
in the soul of the teacher there is no under- 
standing of harmony. Yet these are but 
examples of pastors trying to administer 
spiritual things when there is a poverty of 
spirit in the soul of the giver. Some church 
workers carry only a form of religion be- 
cause they have never ascended higher than 
the hill of social goodness. Brethren! 


The Missionary Visitor 


These things ought not so to be. We are 
promised the Holy Spirit, and others have 
availed themselves of Christ's Spirit, so 
their works are wonderful. If others can 
do it, cannot we? Our churches are full 
of vexing problems, so that we are oft torn 
asunder. We have tried discipline, church 
committees, admonitions, all of which have 

their place, but possibly their true place is 
to give way to a greater dependence on 
spiritual things. Let us actually release 
Christ, in the fullest measure, and let us 
see if he is not able to accomplish more 
than we can do with our man-made devices 
to perform the work unto which we are 

The Children Among Us 

Missionary to India 

" My teachers are the children." — Froebel. 
It was the wonderful seer Froebel who 
found the secret. Hear his clarion call 
to all who would be helpers of childhood: 
" Come, let us live with the children." Is 
this call to mother only? Because a woman 
neither bears nor rears children, will she 
be barred out of their lives? Nay, verily, 
she may enter, if she will. Every little 
child, no matter what the race or color, will 
respond to Love's call. 

Certain qualities in the little child in- 
dicate not alone specific needs, but an in- 
structive grasping after One who shall 
satisfy their needs. If we have satisfied 
them by naming the God they seek and 
through story, song, Bible verse and prayer, 
making him real, then the response will be 
natural. His ideas of God are likely to be 
based upon his ideas of persons; and his 
regarding God as his most important fac- 
tor of everyday life will spiritualize each 
circumstance and condition. What we make 
our children love and desire is more than 
what we make them learn (Adams). 

Do you believe that a little child has 
natural sympathy and love? Have you 
seen him act when a grown person is suffer- 
ing? Are not his moist kisses, his tight 
hugs, his desire to be cuddled, evidences 
of true affection? Has he not, in this way, 
drawn us closer to the God of comfort and 
love and taught us many needed lessons? 
Here are two instances of the children 
among us which have quite recently come 
under our observation: When little Julius 
David, one year and twelve days old, was 
suffering so much, his devoted mother bent 
over him saying, " Dear Lord, I commend 

my child to thee. Do what is best for him 
and for us. If best, take him; if not, oh, 
save him, for we would like to keep him. 
Thy will, not ours be done." That even- 
ing as the rain came down in torrents we 
stood by the little flower-bedecked casket, 
and looked for a moment upon the sweet 
babe, Julius, sleeping on a bed of flowers. 
We turned as we heard the mother sobbing, 
to see little Kumund, two years five months, 
gently patting her mother's arm and sing- 
ing a little song all her own: "Dear Julu, 
come here, mother is crying. Julu, do 
come back, mother is weeping." At the 
same time their oldest son, Isaac, three 
years seven months, was clinging to his 
father with his chubby arms around his 
neck, observing every move and asking 
many questions. Here are some of them: 

"Mother dear, what happened to Julius? 
Why do they put him in that pretty box 
covered with those flowers? Is it because' 
it is raining and he may take cold as they 
take him to the hospital, or is he going up 
to be with our dear Lord Jesus in heaven? 
Why did Jesus take him away? Has he 
gone to play with the Lord Jesus and will 
he give Julius some pretty toys? Does 
Jesus love my little brother so much? ' May 
I go to him and bring my dear brother back 
again? Or shall we all go to Jesus when 
he calls us? When I get fever again will 
Jesus take me away to heaven? Mother 
dear, where is heaven? Shall we go by 
train? Jesus has called Julu to him, now 
what shall I do? Now, dear father and 
mother, do not weep, some day Jesus will 
call us all to be together again and be hap- 
py, will he not?" It is a joy to note how 


The Missionary Visitor 


From left to right: 

Ramabai the mother of Julius, with Kamund on her lap and Issac by her side. 
Marcus on his mother's lap. Philip to her right and Eunice to her left. 
Julius on his mother's lap. 
Charles who died. 

wisely these parents answered these ques- 

In another home sat a sorrowing mother 
with one year two months baby Charles in 
her lap awaiting the end. At first she could 
scarcely see the hand of God and be recon- 
ciled, but finally she said, " Do you know- 
how I look at this event nowr It is like 
this: God has a beautiful garden in which 
are many rare and fragrant flowers. He 
needed a choice one for a special occasion. 
My' child was a rare one, ready to be 
planted and he plucked it." 

During the hard-to-understand moments, 
when bowed with grief, little Marcus, three 
years, stood before his mother and in a 
rebuking tone of voice said, " Mother dear, 
why do you weep so? Do you not know 
that my baby brother Charles has gone to 
live with the dear Lord Jesus? See, they 
are placing him on a bed of flowers in that 
pretty little box covered with flowers and' 
will take him to the dispensary and then 
Jesus will give him the medicine and make 
him well. He has called Charles to be with 
him. It is best, and Charles is happy, so 
why should you weep? 

" Mother dear, how nice it is that our 
Charles has gone to play with little Julius 
[both mothers are teachers in the same 
school here and these babes often played 
together]. When he has finished playing 
will he come back again?" 

That night he called his mother on the 
veranda and looking toward the cemetery 
he said so feelingly, " Mother, may I go 
alone to the cemetery and bring Charles 

back, for see, it is raining so heavily and 
brother may feel cold — " (then his face 
brightened) " or will God our Heavenly 
Father keep him in his lap? Isn't it true, 
mother, that Jesus will bathe him daily and 
dress him in fine clothing? Isn't it true 
that my dear brother was very wise and 
that Jesus will give brother back to us 
when we shall go for him one day? Look, 
mother [pointing skyward], brother is 
looking at us from heaven." 

The oldest boy, Philip, nine years, laments 
much for his little brother, but when he 
sees his parents in sorrow he says, "Dear 
parents, let us not be sorry, because some 
day we are to go to him. We shall leave 
this earthly house and go to our heavenly 
home. No one wishes to live in this world 
forever. Here we sorrow, there Charles is 
happy in our heavenly home, and is sing- 
ing with 'the angels. There is no kind of 
sorrow in heaven, mother. When we go 
to be with Jesus and when Charles sees us 
coming, he will run to meet us and then we 
will all be together. How happy we shall 

Little Eunice, six years, took her part 
also in trying to comfort her broken-hearted 
mother. Putting her arms about her neck 
and creeping into her mother's arms she 
said sweetly, "Dearest mother, do not cry! 
Charlie is happy and is playing in the lap 
of Jesus now. There are very many little 
children like Charlie with Jesus and they 
are very near to him. He will take good 
care of them. In the Sunday-school pic- 
ture I saw very many little children around 
Jesus' feet playing and some in his lap. He 


The Missionary Visitor 


put his arms around them. Mothers too 
were there bringing their children to Je- 
sus. So why should you be sad? The Bible 
verse says, ' Suffer the little children to 
come unto me and forbid them not, for of 
such is the kingdom of heaven.' " How 
could the mother help, but say, " We are 
much consoled by our children. They draw 
our attention heavenward. We are growing 

stronger and firmer in our Father day by 
day and our hopes are brighter and greater. 
It is our belief that Christ rebukes and 
chastens those whom he loves. We believe 
in this verse." 

Surely the CHILDREN AMONG US are 
our teachers. "And these are they that 
were sown on good ground — such as hear 
the. word and accept it and bear fruit." 

The Power of Faith 

Under Appointment to Africa 

" Without faith it is impossible to be 
well-pleasing unto him." 

By faith Abraham, by faith Moses, by 
faith Jesus, by faith Martin Luther, by faith 
Alexander Mack — tracked unknown paths 
and blazed a trail to God. 

Let us think briefly of three aspects of 
the power of faith, namely, faith in God, 
faith in self and faith in others. 

Faith in God is a tendered gift to all who 
will receive. It brings human life under 
the sway of the Almighty. 

Faith in God made Job say: "Though he 
slay me I will trust him." That kind of 
faith will not down. The pilgrims were 
swept across the Atlantic by the impact of 
their abiding faith in God. 

Through faith the curtains are drawn 
back and we get a glimpse through the 
windows of heaven. The most brilliant in- 
vestigation of the Bible or of God outside 
the realm of faith is like child's play in com- 
parison with the revelation made to the 
human mind that is under the power of 
faith. He walks and he talks with us be- 
cause we have faith in him. 

Faith lifts us out of our difficulties and 
gives us perspective and poise. In Mark 
Twain's book, " Joan of Arc," he pictures 
Joan being questioned by clever theologians 
at her trial in Paris. We see in the pic- 
ture how Joan of Arc was lifted by the 
mighty cords of faith above the traps set 
by the Pharisees of her time. She seems 
to take the wings of an eagle and rise 
through the fog and clouds into the sun- 
shine of God's face. 

We need something to hold us steady 

when the clouds about us turn black. The 
touch of God's hand through faith is 
enough. In 1873 H. G. Spafford, a lead- 
ing lawyer in Chicago, through some mis- 
fortune lost all his property. This so 
grieved his wife and four children that 
they almost lost their health. Friends of 
the family sent the wife and children to 
Europe to forget their trouble. In mid- 
ocean their ship was wrecked and the four 
children were drowned. The wife was 
picked up and carried the rest of the way 
by another ship. When her husband re- 
ceived the cable he went, to his study and 
dropped on his knees, and while there in 
prayer he composed these words: 

" When peace, like a river, attendeth my way, 
When sorrows like sea-billows roll; 
Whatever my lot, thou hast taught me to say, 
' It is well, it is well with my soul.' " 

Faith in self in spite of God is the devil's 
trap to catch ambitious men. Faith in self 
as a child of the most high God begets a 
compelling purpose to accomplish the 
Father's work. 

Jesus, before Pilate, had faith in himself 
because of his relationship to God. Paul, 
in his appeal to the church at Jerusalem, 
had faith in himself because he was keep- 
ing himself keen to the mind of Christ. As 
sons and daughters of the God of heaven we 
must believe in our Father's children. 

Every courageous Christian, because of 
the dignity of his God-given personality and 
purpose, has faith in himself as a tool in 
the hands of the Carpenter of the ages. We 
are called to be ambassadors of a great 
King. May we go forth with confidence 
that he is able. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christ's faith in himself made him bold 
in the temple and meek in the garden. 

Faith in others is the distinguishing mark 
of the man who is doing great things in the 
kingdom. Jesus put confidence in some 
of the most lowly and made men out of 
them. He told them to go sin no more, 
and his confidence strengthened their weak 

Jesus trusted men in the face of their 
failure. He knew that nothing weakens a 
man so much as to distrust him. It is hard 
to trust one who has been untrue, but that 
may be the price of saving his soul. The 
disciples forsook Jesus and warmed them- 
selves by the enemy's fire but he trusted 
them again and took them back. It not 
only saved them from despair, but made 
them into mighty servants of the cross. 

In our trusting men with superhuman 
tasks we drive them back to God for power. 
Let us always look at the other man in the 
light of the promises of God. 

May the passion of every life that reads 
this be — 

"Faith of our fathers! living still 

In spite of dungeon, fire and sword, 

Oh, how our hearts beat high with joy 
Whene'er we hear that glorious word; 

Faith of our fathers! holy faith! 

We will be true to thee till death." 

Livingstone College, 
London, England. 

Sara G. Replogle 

Bro. Lichty is at Ahwa, overseeing the 
building of the new bungalow. The work 
on the walls is progressing nicely and the 
bungalow likely will be finished by mon- 
soon. Soon after Bro. Lichty's arrival at 
Ahwa he had a hard attack of malaria but 
is better. j8 

About four hundred rupees have been 
subscribed to the Williams Memorial Fund, 
for the first year, by the people at Ahwa. 

Recently the missionaries at Ahwa were 
invited to a tea given in honor of the post- 
master, who was transferred. Brahmans, 
Parsees, Varnias, Mohammedans, and Chris- 
tians drank tea together. At a later date 
the Jalalpor missionaries were invited to 
the mamlatdar's (chief man of the village), 
and refreshments were served to Hindus, 

Parsees, Mohammedans, and Christians. 
These may be slight evidences of the fact 
that caste is disappearing. 

Every child of the Christian community 
of Ahwa is now in school, with the excep- 
tion of two boys. Ninty-five per cent of 
the Christians were present throughout the 
year at church and Sunday-school. The 
superintendent was on hand every Sunday 
during the year except one, which he spent 
at the District Meeting. 

About one hundred and forty girls are 
now enrolled in the Girls' School at Ankles- 
var. Four girls in the preparatory class in 
the Normal Training College passed. In 
the class of '21 they passed 1, 3, 9 and 13, 
respectively. Two girls in the Second Year 
Normal Training College passed. All will 
return at the beginning of the year to take 
up the work to which they are promoted 
after examination. ^ 

The head master of the Girls' School, 
who had a year's leave of absence to com- 
plete the senior year in the Training Col- 
lege, passed and has resumed his work. 
One of the assistant teachers also passed 
his work in the Second Year Normal Train- 
ing and has resumed his school work. 

Christmas was observed in an appropri- 
ate way at the various mission stations. 
Sweets and other useful gifts were given 
to many needy people. At Dahanu at the 
close of the program an offering of eighty- 
five rupees was lifted for the purpose of 
giving a treat of sweets to all the village 
schoolchildren. & 

Many of the boarding-school boys and 
girls spent Christmas vacation at their 
homes. From the Vyara schools two hun- 
dred and fifty went to their homes, and 
about a hundred from the Anklesvar school. 

In March, 1921, two of our girls, Eliza- 
beth Lallu and Rupa Dhanji, entered the 
Mrs. William Butler Memorial Hospital of 
the Methodist Mission at Barod'a, for nurses' 
training. Their quarterly reports show good 
work and the superintendent speaks well of 
them. After their vacation they will go to 


The Missionary Visitor 



Nadiad Hospital for three months for their 
surgical training. 

Early in December Bro. Hoffert moved 
to Anklesvar, to help in the village work 
in the absence of Bro. Lichty. In com- 
pany with Luther Vishrambhai, our special 
Indian temperance worker, and two other 
Indian workers, almost two weeks were 
spent among the villages to the east of 
Anklesvar. Slides on the Life of Christ 
were shown each evening, followed by 
those on sanitation and temperance. Six 
temperance societies were formed in vil- 
lages where we have Christian masters. 
During the day the Gospel was preached 
to small groups that could be assembled, 
and literature was sold or distributed. 

During the past four weeks Brother and 
Sister Blough and Sister Widdowson have 
been spending most of the time among the 
villages in evangelistic work. The serv- 
ices as a rule are largely attended. 

On Saturday evening, Dec. 10, a love 
feast was held at Vyara. This meeting 
took place out in the open, in the light of 
the moon, stars and lanterns, and with the 
ground serving both for tables and chairs. 
Quietness and reverence prevailed through- 
out. The communicants numbered about 
330. During the afternoon eighty-four were 
baptized, most of whom were boys and 
girls. Y,es, India is coming to Christ, and 
.with little children leading the way. A 
rich opportunity it is to be present and 
witness this homeward bound procession. 

The new 60-foot extension building which 
was begun on the Girls' School Compound 
at Vyara during the latter part of Novem- 
ber, is progressing nicely. The carpenter 
work is being done by the manual training 
force from the Boys' Boarding School, the 
head of this department being the chief 
carpenter. S 

Brother and Sister Wagoner now are 
located at Bulsar, and will take over the 
larger part of the work which Brother and 
Sister Ross will leave when they go home 
on furlough. j& 

We are glad to report that Brother and 

Sister Wagoner and Bro. Summer were 
successful in their first-year examination 
which they took recently. Sister Kintner 
passed in her second-year examination. 

Bro. Summer moved to Vyara and will 
assist in the work there. 

For the first time since early in Septem- 
ber the hospital part of the medical bunga- 
low has been cleared of patients. Little 
Jasper H. B. Garner went to his new home 
at Palghar the day he was six weeks old. 

The schoolboys with Sister Eby came 
from the hills the first week in December. 
All were well except one boy from a neigh- 
boring mission, who broke out with 
measles on the way home. 

The work is moving along nicely on the 
new building which is being erected at 
Jalalpor as workers' quarters. 

Four persons were baptized at Jalalpor 
recently. One was a village teacher. He 
is from a higher caste. 


The Kaylors are fitting into the work 
nicely at Vada. Sister Kaylor is using 
every opportunity to get the language, 
while Bro. Kaylor has taken over the sta- 
tion work, together with putting up the 
Miss Sahibs' bungalow. The Vada Sahib 
folk as well as the Christian community 
extend to Brother and Sister Kaylor a 
most hearty welcome. 

Dec. 30, previous to the communion serv- 
ice at Vada, thirteen persons were baptized. 

Bro. Ross and family are visiting some 
of the mission stations previous to their 
going on furlough. <£ 

Sister Shickel is well started in her lan- 
guage work and enjoys herself very much 
in it. Ji 

On Dec. 20 one of the girls in the board- 
ing-school at Vada died of tuberculosis. 
One. of the old Christian men died after a 
long siege of asthma. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Fjnmf fltflba 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

An Indian Girl Makes History 


Y. W- C. A. Photo Service 

Miss Ruth Muskrat of the Cherokee Tribe (North 
American Indians) who will represent her race at the 
World's Student Christian Federation Conference 
at Peking, China. 

WHEN the World's Student Con- 
ference, representing 200,000 young 
men and young women the world 
over, meets in Peking this spring, one of the 
delegates from the United States will feel 
like pinching herself and repeating the Moth- 
er Goose rhyme, "Am I me, or is this not 
me?" for even the long journey across the 
Pacific will not be long enough to make 
a reality of what will seem a pleasant 

Her name is Ruth Muskrat; as the name 
signifies, she is an Indian, being of the 

Cherokee tribe. She goes to the conference 
as the guest of the National Board of the 
Young Women's Christian Associations, 
that she may interpret to the delegates of 
other lands the friendship existing between 
the whites and the Indians. They still 
think in other lands that every Indian wears 
feathers, converses in war cries, and deals 
in raising terror and scalps. The appear- 
ance of a young woman in serge instead of 
doeskin, wearing a hat instead of feathers, 
and shoes instead of moccasins, will reas- 
sure those whose first instinct on being 
told an American Indian is to address them 
would be to eye the door and not be re- 
assured unless it were within easy reach. 

The Cherokee tribe is of a higher men- 
tality than other tribes, being the first of the 
Indians to have an alphabet. Driven from 
the Carolinas and Georgia, they settled in 
Oklahoma, and much of the fair name of 
the young sister State is due to their in- 
telligence, thrift, ambition and integrity. 
Miss Muskrat's home is in Tahlequah, but 
when the " Magic Carpet " sailed away 
with her as its passenger, it was from 
Lawrence, Kans., that it rose in the air, for 
the young girl still in her teens is a student 
in the Kansas University, and in her soph- 
omore year, working her way through, all 
of which makes the trip the greater delight. 
The World Student Movement has had a 
magic growth. It had its inception in a 
gathering of six men in Vadstena, Sweden, 
in August, 1895. They represented North 
America, Great Britain, Germany and Scan- 
dinavia; today the movement has a mem- 
bership of 200,000, gathered from the conti- 
nents of Europe, Asia, North and South 
America, Africa and Australia. Its purpose 
is to study the needs and ideals of the stu- 


The Missionary Visitor 


dents of the world, that they may work to- 
gether in such a way that through them the 
will of God will be done on earth and that 
his kingdom may come in the hearts of the 
students of the earth. 

In 1895 this Student Movement had a ma- 
terial growth, represented in twenty-one 
buildings in all the world at an aggregate 
value of $400,000. It now has ninety-one 
buildings valued at two and one-half mil- 
lion, one-naif of which is in North America, 
and of the other half the majority is found 
in student centers in Asia. The student 
membership of the Young Women's Chris- 
tian Association is the strongest, by far, of 
the women students, entering the Federa- 
tion in 1898. It was not until 1909 that 

women were permitted to sit on the com- 
mittee. The Y. W. C. A. serves not only 
through the students of this country, but 
also through students in foreign lands, of 
whom there are annually ten thousand in 
the United States alone, eight hundred of 
whom are women. 

It is a great movement with an inspired 
purpose. The presence of an Indian girl 
as a guest and delegate will be more elo- 
quent of the democracy and broadness of its 
vision than volumes of the written word. 
Miss Muskrat is making more than his- 
tory; she is giving a sense of reality to 
what to some might seem an " iridescent 

Our Mexican Brothers 

Professor of Missions, Bethany Bible School 

(For much of the following account of our work 
among the Mexicans in California I am indebted 
to Sister Grace H. Miller of La Verne.) 

IT was about six years ago that our 
people in La Verne became especially 
interested in the Mexican people. A 
certain Protestant family had moved to La 
Verne. This family was invited to attend 
our services. They were glad to come, but 
were able to understand very little of the 
English language. The Presbyterian 
church in Los Angeles, from which they 
had come, soon sent a representative to en- 
courage this family and to establish a lit- 
tle mission in the neighborhood. A mis- 
sion was opened, and our church was asked 
to cooperate with them and assist them in 
the singing. The invitation was accepted. 
This was the beginning of our work among 
the Mexican people at that place. 

La Verne is a splendid location to do 
work among the Mexican people. About 
five hundred of them are living there, of 
whom about fifty are Protestants and about 
one hundred more are interested in Protes- 
tant Christian services. Most of the peo- 
ple are Roman Catholics. Sister Miller 
says, " The Mexican people know only two 
denominations, Catholic and Protestant; un- 
less they are very well Americanized, any 

effort to explain different Christian de- 
nominations is very bewildering and de- 
structively confusing." One woman, how- 
ever, has joined the Church of the Breth- 

This group of foreigners is especially 
blessed in having come to a town where 
there is a Christian college in which are 
many college people who are vitally in- 
terested in their welfare and are willing to 
help them. The Mexican people greatly 
appreciate the interest that the Volunteer 
Band of La Verne College is taking in 
them. The vital "Christian disposition" 
of these volunteers in service touches their 
hearts and gains a lively response. 

The work at La Verne is under the su- 
pervision of Grace H. Miller, director of 
Christian Americanization. About one hun- 
dred and fifty college students volunteer j 
their services regularly for the Christian- 
izing and Americanizing of these aliens. 
The students are cooperating with Sotero 
Mageno, a wide-awake Protestant pastor 
among the Mexicans. 

The workers are successfully following 
several lines of activity, that they may reach 
and help these people. One method, that 
is proving fruitful and mutually beneficial, 
is the conducting of cottage prayer meet- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Primary Class La Verne Mexican Sunday-school. Grace Miller, Teacher 

ing between six and seven o'clock each 
Thursday evening. This has been a means 
of carrying into the homes the real Christ 
spirit of love and service. Ten or twelve 
groups of volunteers of from eight to fif- 
teen members each go regularly into pri- 
vate homes to have a season of song and 
worship. Each group goes into the same 
home week by week. The Mexicans like 
music and will stop their work to listen to 
or join in the singing. These visits have 
had good effect also in elevating the home 
life and raising the standards of sanitation. 
These visitors note that the homes and the 
people gradually are improving in cleanli- 
ness and neatness. 

On Wednesday evenings another group 
of students gather in front of the mission 
for an hour of vocal and instrumental 

A night school is conducted at the mis- 
sion two evenings of the week, at which 
time eight classes are given instruction in 
various practical subjects. Besides the 
work done in our mission, some of the 
students of the college assist the State 
Americanization teacher two evenings a 

Another line of activity is supervised 
play for the Mexican children each after- 
noon for an hour in the front yard of the 
mission. Another is classes in sewing and 
cooking, which finds ready response among 
the Mexican women. The former " sew- 
ing school " has recently developed into a 

Mexican Sisters' Aid Society, which teaches 
the women practical sewing, conducts a 
class for girls, and helps to introduce Chris- 
tian ideas and principles through devo- 
tional services and singing. Other phases 
of regular work are teaching children and 
women in their homes in the afternoons, a 
Sunday afternoon story hour, friendly visits 
in the homes, assisting in the Sunday even- 
ing services and helping the Mexican pastor 
in his Sunday-school. Several of the col- 
lege students teach classes. 

On Christmas, Thanksgiving and other 
special days the workers put forth extra 
efforts for these people, all with good re- 
sults and with expressed appreciation. 
Dinners are provided, second-hand clothing 
is distributed, treats are given and a mu- 
tual feeling of interest and love is developed 
betw.een the American and the Mexican 

Last summer during July a Daily Vaca- 
tion Bible School was conducted for a 
month with good success. The first day 
there were present forty-one children. The 
total enrollment for the term was seventy- 
two, with an average attendance of fifty- 
two. Of the group attending, forty were 
Protestant, thirty Catholic and two Jewish. 
Both American and Mexican workers faith- 
fully assisted in the Vacation Bible School. 
Sister Miller says, " Our Daily Vacation 
Bible School at the Mexican Mission was 
a decided success in the way of interesting 
the Mexicans in the Bible and of breaking 


The Missionary Visitor 


down walls of prejudice." '< Several new 
families as well as a number of parts of new 
families have been added to the list of at- 
tendants at the regular services of our 
Protestant Mexican Mission through the 
Daily Vacation Bible School." 

Regarding an effort of one of the Sun- 
day-school classes of La Verne, Sister Mil- 
ler says, " Some of the girls of the Altruis- 
tic Sunday-school class of the Church of the 
Brethren, La Verne, Calif., have decided to 
be ' big sister ' to a little Mexican girl. The 
plan is for each girl to be responsible for 
one little Mexican girl — to go into her home 
and have the girl return the visit. It is 
a great inspiration to Mexican girls to be 
treated kindly by Americans." 

The Mexican people in La Verne are 
very appreciative of all that is being done 
for them. Their words of praise and grat- 
itude more than repay the workers. This 
appreciation can be duplicated elsewhere if 
earnest Christian effort is put forth to help 
these people. 

A little more than two years ago work 
was started among the two hundred Mexi- 
cans at Garden City, Kans. Although 
there were a half dozen Protestant church- 
es in the city, nothing had been done for 
these people prior to Bro. H. D. Michael's 
coming to Garden City. In 1919, at the 
suggestion of Bro. Michael, the churches 

held a joint meeting to consider opening 
work among the Mexicans. Bro. Michael, 
who was able to speak some in the Span- 
ish language, was chosen superintendent of 
the four o'clock Sunday-school. When the 
first Sunday-school was held in August, 
forty-seven Mexicans came to it. The av- 
erage attendance for the following year 
was twenty-four. It soon became necessary 
to start a night school. This was open 
three nights a week, and English was 
taught. This school later was placed under 
the supervision of the city school board. 

For further account of the work among 
the Mexicans of Garden City, see Bro. 
Michael's article in the Visitor of Novem- 
ber, 1921, page 310. Bro. Michael closes 
his article with this paragraph: "Over two 
years have elapsed since the organization 
of the work, and it is still progressing nice- 
ly. Twice while we were there the gov- 
ernment naturalization agent favored us 
with a visit and spoke in no small terms 
of praise concerning the work. It is more 
and more recognized as a large factor in 
the Chrisian Americanization of the Mex- 
icans of that city." 

Regarding the proposed work in Fal- 
furrias, Tex., recent articles have appeared 
in the Missionary Visitor (January, 1922) 
and in the Gospel Messenger (February 4, 
1922). An industrial school has been 
planned by Bro. John Stump, who has do- 

Christmas at La Verne Mexican Mission. 167 Children Were Present 


The Missionary Visitor 


nated $35,000. Twenty thousand dollars more 
is to be raised by the District of Texas and 
Louisiana, which has the privilege of so- 
liciting the General Brotherhood for half 
of this sum. Four hundred and seventy-two 
acres are in possession of the District for 
this school. Only a small percentage of 
the money has yet been raised. Yet the 
plans have been made to have the buildings 
ready by October. Here is a great oppor- 
tunity for helping to Americanize and 
Christianize some of the 450,000 Mexicans 
in Texas. We ought to be doing more such 
work to reach these people who are com- 
ing to us from the South. For further 
light on the plans for this industrial school 
the reader may see the articles above re- 
ferred to. 

The Mexican people in the United States 
present to our church a big challenge. Ev- 

ery one of the million and a half Mexican 
people within our borders is an opportunity 
of service for the Master. Of this num- 
ber only a very few are Protestant Chris- 
tians. Most of them are Catholics, but 
their religion means little to them in the 
way of vital reality. To them it is largely 
a form and a name. They need to know 
more of the love and the spirit of Jesus 
Christ. Their need is a challenge to us. 
This is another of those opportunities to 
do foreign mission work at home. These 
people, coming across our southern bor- 
der, give us a silent appeal and a powerful 
challenge to help them. The Americans 
living among them are appealing to us 
to do more to help these foreign neighbors 
living in our midst. Will we do our duty? 
Will we be a big brother to them? 
3435 Van Buren St., Chicago. 

Children Start a Mission 

Superintendent cf Pontiac Sunday-school 

THE .statement that "a little child 
shall lead them " has been demon- 
strated in the work that has been 
done in Pontiac, Mich. Over a year 
ago, on a Sunday afternoon, a few of 
the neighbor children came over to my 
home to play with my children. By the 
way of entertainment they gave some reci- 
tations which they had learned at Sun- 
day-school and sang some Sunday-school 
songs. The next Sunday the little visitors 
came again and invited a few more of their 
playmates to come with them. They gave 
some more recitations and sang songs 
again. They also read short stories. They 
kept this up for several Sundays and the 
number grew. One day a girl said, " Let's 
make a Sunday-school out of it," and the 
rest agreed to do so. We had only one 
class to start with and used store boxes for 
seats. Some of the children asked, " May 
we bring our parents along?" We an- 
swered, " Certainly, if they want to come 
they will be welcome." So their parents 
came and it became necessary to form 
three classes. 

W T e ordered some supplies from the 

Brethren Publishing House, of Elgin, 111. 
We needed song books and the people made 
an offering to cover that expense. The 
work has grown so rapidly that we have 
seven classes that meet each Sunday at 11 
A. M. with an average attendance of sixty. 
There are no halls or other suitable places 
for the Sunday-school, so we hold it in 
our home at 139 North Jessie Street. We 
use the living-room and the dining-room 
for the audience-room. We have classes 
in the basement, kitchen and in the up- 
stairs rooms. The primary class meets in 
the basement. 

There is no church in this part of the 
city, so a great many of the children do 
not attend any place of worship. These 
children are the ones we especially try to 

My twelve-year-old boy has a small 
printing press* which we use for getting out 
our notices of special meetings. The chil- 
dren are always glad to help distribute no- 
tices over the neighborhood for some dis- 

We thought it would be nice for the 
Sunday-school to attend the service at De- 


The Missionary Visitor 



Pontiac Sunday-school After One Year of Organized Work 

troit, so we hired a truck and conveyed all 
who cared to go. It was a trip of about 
twenty-six miles. We took our dinner 
along. After services we went to Belle 
Isle for lunch. In the afternoon we es- 
corted the children through the Zoo, the 
Greenhouse and the Aquarium. 

At the present writing we are raising 
funds to build a church. Many of our peo- 
ple have been out of work for some time 
and have promised to donate their services 
if we raise enough to pay for the material. 
Already we can see a great change in the 
community. The children used to sing 
many of the popular songs that were not 
the most elevating. The graphophones al- 
so played pieces that were not the most 
desirable. Now we can hear the children 
singing their Sunday-school songs and the 
parents are buying a different class of rec- * 
ords for the graphophones. One of our 
Sunday-school teachers testified one even- 
ing in prayer meeting, that she had danced 
in our house before we had moved in, but 
that she never expected to attend dances 

As we said before, this is new work for 
us, but we feel that the Lord* is highly re- 
warding our efforts. We often feel that it 
is more than we can carry on, but we go 
ahead and do the best we can, and when we 
see the enthusiasm and eagerness of the 
children we feel encouraged. 

Sister Ida Herr is in charge of the Cra- 

dle Roll. We use the "Star Cradle Roll," 
sold by the D. C. Cook Company. We have 
fifty-four stars on the roll. 

Recently we organized a " Home De- 
partment," under the supervision of Mrs. 
George Steel. We think we have made a 
very good showing for our first year. 

Last Decoration Day we had a picnic at 
one of the lakes near by. We hired a truck 
and one touring car. There were sixty- 
one on the trip. The children enjoyed 
singing their Sunday-school songs on the 
way to the lake. We had games and races 
and a picnic dinner in a beautiful grove. 

The people who had invited us to their 
cottage furnished lemonade for the crowd. 
The part these friends took in our entertain- 
ment was very much appreciated by all. 

Our latest venture has been the purchase 
of a church site. This has long been our 
desire and it is needless to tell you how 
very much interested we are in planning our 
place of worship. The lot is located in one 
of the most desirable parts of the city. It 
is within a block of the street car, and be- 
ing a corner lot, we can have two entrances 
independent of each other, thus avoiding in- 
terruptions in the service. As there is no 
church within nearly a mile of our lot, we 
believe we have selected a most ideal site. 
Owing to the fact that this certain lot had 
been selected for a place of worship, the 
people who sold it made us a price that is 

(Continued on Page 90) 


The Missionary Visitor 



©Ije Q^nrkera' Corner 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


Sadie J. Miller Writes from India of a 

Wonderful Love-feast Service 

Out in the jungle, where 100 communi- 
cants participated, twenty-three persons re- 
ceived baptism just before the communion 
and took part in the service. Praise God 
for the turning of the natives of India to 
righteousness! Let us continue to pray for 
the missionaries to hold up Jesus Christ as 
the Savior of mankind. 
The Boone Mill, Va., Sunday-school 

Contemplates a new library and has ap- 
pointed a committee to select books that 
are suitable for the school. This is a 
splendid chance to put fine missionary 
stories into the hands of the children. 

An Interesting Letter 

" Enclosed find check covering first 
year's support of our missionary in China. 
We prefer to have the name withheld from 
publication. Credit it to our congregation 
in Southern Pennsylvania. Would be glad 
to receive some tithing literature for some 
of my friends as I feel the Lord has wonder- 
fully blessed us ever since we began to 
tithe. Fraternally yours, 

"A Pennsylvania Brother." 
The Morrill Church, Kansas, 

Has a class of twenty-seven women that 
are missionary both in spirit and deed. They 
have completed the study of "Ancient 
Peoples at New Tasks," and now plan to 
continue in some other text. These are 
women between the ages of 35 and 40 
years. How we wish that all the children 
of the world could have the Christian 
heritage that these mothers are giving to 
theirs! jt 

The Junior C. W. of the Ottawa Church, 

Have read all the books on the present 

Missionary Reading Course and are want- 
ing the new course so they can continue 
reading and secure stars for their diplomas. 
The new course will be announced before 
Conference in June. The prospectus of 
the new course will be ready for mailing in 
May at least. ^ 

Our Missionaries Tell Us 

That they are unable to use Sunday-school 
papers or any literature printed in English, 
for so few of the natives can read English. 
They are glad for the large picture rolls, 
as they use them in their school work as 
well as in their evangelistic efforts. These 
charts help much in the itinerating work 
among the villages. 

Our China Missionaries Write 

Much interesting news of their work. 
Notice these words: "Never in the his- 
tory of the China Mission have the people 
been so open to teaching of the Gospel. 
The famine work opened many doors. The 
people are willing to listen and to be taught. 
This is a most golden opportunity which 
we dare not slightly pass by, for if we do 
we will never again have such a wonder- 
ful privilege. I hope that the response from 
the home church will be such that this 
follow-up work may not be hindered." An- 
other writes: "The way the people are re- 
sponding, and really learning to know the 
One who died for them, brings joy com- 
plete to me. I like my work and would 
rather be right here in it than any other 
place the world has to offer me. And here 
I want to continue until there are little 
groups of churches all over this territory." 

The Secretary of the Elk Run Church in 

Replies to the letter sent out from the 
Elgin office, stating the amount still due 
on Forward Movement pledges. They say 
money is very, very tight and their mem- 


The Missionary Visitor 


bership scattered, but they will do their best 
to get the amount of their pledge in on 
time. This is a splendid spirit and the best 
is all the Lord expects of us. 

A Good Brother in Ohio 

Has sold a piece of property and wants 
to place some of the proceeds with the 
General Mission Board on the Annuity Plan. 
By this method there will be paid interest 
as long as either he or his wife lives. Aft- 
er their death the interest will be turned 
into mission work. If he so designates, all 
the money may be used for mission work 
when they die. j& 

The Share Plan Supporters 

Are making their payments in a splendid 
way. In a few places where they are un- 
able the payments have been discontinued, 
but large numbers of the shareholders will 
continue their payments for the full five- 
year period. 

Shares issued since January 1: 


Anklesvar Girls' School 


1-23, Adult C. W. Society, Meyersdale, Pa., ..$25.00 
2- 9, Primary Dept., Salamonie Cong., Mid. Ind. 25.00 
1- 9, C. W. Society, Golden Gate Cong., Oak- 
land, Calif., 25.00 

1-10, Onward Circle S. S. Class, Sabetha, 

Kans., 25.00 

Vyara Boys' School 


1-30, Delia A. Bechtel, Huntingdon, Pa., 50.00 

1-27, Elementary Dept., Monticello S. S., Minn., 25.00 
1- 4, J. B. Emmert and family, La Verne, 

Calif., 25.00 

Bulsar Station 


1-20, Endeavor Class No. 4, Philadelphia, Pa., 25.00 

1-20, Help One Another Class, Philadelphia, 

p a>j 25.00 


Ping Ting Station 


1-23, Ira E. Long and family, Andrews, Ind., 50.00 

Liao Chou 

1-10, Sabetha Onward Circle S. S. Class, 

Kans., 25.00 

Boys' School 

1-20, Community Helpers' Cass, McFarland 

Calif., 25.00 

1-30, Shining Star Class of White Branch S. 

S., Nettle Creek cong., So. Ind., 25.00 

Shou Yang Girls' School 


1- 9, C. W. Societv, Golden Gate cong., Oak- 
land, Calif., 25.00 

1-10, Mechanic Grove S. S., E. Pa 25.00 

1-10, Sabetha, Kans., Onward Circle S. S. 

Class 25.00 

1-11, C. W. Society, Markle cong., Mid. Ind., 75.00 

Foreign Missions Material 
The Why and How of Foreign Missions. 

1921. Revised Edition. By Arthur Judson 
Brown. A book which has become a clas- 
sic in missionary literature because of its 
clear and authoritative presentation of the 
aims and character of the modern mission- 
ary enterprise. A new opening chapter 
presents the changed situation facing the 
missionary forces following the War. The 
material of the other chapters has been 
revised and brought up to date. Illustrated 
with photographs. Price: cloth, 75 cents; 
paper, 50 cents; postpaid. 

" Suggestions to Leaders " of study 
classes using " The Why and How of For- 
eign Missions," by B. Carter Millikin. 
Price, 15 cents, postpaid. 

The Kingdom and the Nations. 1921. By 
Eric M. North. To both men and women 
this book is of value and importance. It 
gives vivid glimpses of present conditions 
throughout the world — political, social, re- 
ligious. It will compel thought, prayer, 
and action, and should be used in open 
forum as well as in study classes. Pub- 
lished by the Central Committee on the 
United Study of Foreign Missions. Price: 
cloth, 7$ cents; paper, 50 cents; postpaid. 

" How to Use ' The Kingdom and the 
Nations.' " Price, 15 cents, postpaid. 

World Friendship, Inc. 1921. By J. 
Lovell Murray. A general introduction to 
the whole subject of foreign missions has 
been long needed for young people. With- 
in the compass of this single volume is a 
treatment of present-day practice in foreign 
missions which demonstrates how the 
forces of Christianity are addressing them- 
selves to all phases of human life and 
need. Illustrated with photographs. Price: 
cloth, 75 cents; paper, 50 cents; postpaid. 

" Suggestions to Leaders " of study 
classes using " World Friendship, Inc." 
Price, 15 cents, postpaid. 

A Noble Army. By Ethel Daniels Hub- 
bard. The stories of six famous mission- 
aries serving in different parts of the world, 
each of whom performed some service 
which Christ the Master initiated with his 
own life. The characters treated are: Rob- 
ert and Mary Moffat, William Carey, John 
G. Paton, Mary Reed, George C. Reynolds, 


The Missionary Visitor 


and Mary Morrill. Published by the Cen- 
tral Committee on the United Study of For- 
eign Missions. Illustrated with photo- 
graphs. Price: cloth, 65 cents; paper, 40 
cents; postpaid. 

" How to Use ' A Noble Army.' " Price, 
15 cents, postpaid. 

Under Many Flags. By Katharine Scher- 
er Cronk and Elsie Singmaster. The many- 
sided enterprise of foreign missions will be 
made very real to boys and girls through 
the stories of these men and women >vho 
serve one great purpose by doing well their 
widely different tasks. The stories center 
about Cyrus Hamlin, Hugh Tucker, Fred 
Hope, Barbrooke Grubb, Mary Slessor, 
David Day, Jennie Crawford, and Albert 
Shelton. Illustrated with photographs. 
Price: cloth, 65 cents; paper, 40 cents; post- 

"Suggestions to Leaders" of study classes 
using " Under Many Flags," by Edith D. 
Glen. Price, 15 cents postpaid. 

Homes Around the World. Six primary 
stories about the home life of children in 
foreign lands. Accompanied by six pictures, 
9x13 inches. Price, 50 cents, postpaid. 
Ready in September. 

The Missionary at Work. Picture Sheet 
Series. A sheet of twelve pictures, 5x8 
inches, showing the varied activities of the 
missionary at work. Price, 25 cents, post- 
paid & £ 

Home Missions Material 

Theme: Facing Our Unfinished Task in 

Making Life Count. By Eugene C. 
Foster. Boys and girls starting out in the 
world will find this book full of inspiration. 
It will help them in making their life worth 
while to themselves and to their community. 
It is full of stimulating stories of people 
who have overcome obstacles and achieved 
success. Price: cloth, 75 cents; paper, 50 
cents; postpaid. 

" Suggestions to Leaders " of study 
classes using " Making Life Count," by 
Mary Maynard Chalmers. Price, 10 cents, 

Stay-at-Home Journeys. 1921. By Agnes 
Wilson Osborne. Six interesting stories 
about different kinds of homes, showing 
what Christian helpfulness of missionaries 

has meant to children who live in an or- 
phanage, in Porto Rico, in Alaska, in mi- 
grant shacks, and in the crowded tenements 
of a great city. Illustrated with photo- 
graphs. Price: cloth, 60 cents; paper, 40 
cents; postpaid. 

" Leader's Manual " for " Stay-at-Home 
Journeys," by Alma N. Schilling. Especial- 
ly rich in suggestions for class activities 
and service. Price, 15 cents, postpaid. 

Young Americans. By Anita B. Ferris. 
A collection of six primary picture stories 
through which children will learn some of 
the needs of the frontier and mountaineer- 
child, the Negro, Indian, and Oriental, and 
how the average American child can help 
them solve their problems. These are ac- 
companied by six pictures 9x13 inches. 
Price, 50 cents, postpaid. 

America at Home. Picture Sheet Series. 
A sheet of twelve pictures, 5x8 inches, il- 
lustrating all sorts of American homes, 
from the city apartment house to the berry- 
picker's shack, the mountaineer and the Ne- 
gro cabin and the Porto Rican home. Price, 
25 cents, postpaid. 

Help for Starving Russia 

The number of men, women and children 
who are actually face to face with starva- 
tion in Russia is estimated at 15,000,000. 
The area affected by famine conditions is 
twice as large as the States of New Eng- 
land, New York, New Jersey and Pennsyl- 
vania combined, and has about the same 
population as these States— 30,000,000. 

The first relief efforts have been directed 
to saving the 5,000,000 children, only 2,000,- 
000 of whom are said to have been provided 
for by the various agencies at work. Colo- 
nel Haskell, who is in charge of the Amer- 
ican Relief Administration in Russia, cabled 
Dec. 17: "Conditions are growing worse 
by leaps and bounds. I am thoroughly 
convinced that half of the population of the 
Tartar Republic will starve before the 
end of the winter. Unless the outside 
world awakens to real conditions, I doubt 
if we shall save more than half the children 
we are feeding today." 

The problem is so great the Soviet Gov- 
ernment cannot begin to cope with it, and 


The Missionary Visitor 


even the grant by the American Congress 
of $20,000 for the purchase of grain does 
not offset the need of private charity. 

Rev. Jerome Davis, of Dartmouth Col- 
lege, who visited Russia last summer, writes 
in The Congregationalist of the oppor- 
tunities for spiritual and social help that 
are calling to American Christians. The 
church is more popular than before the 
revolution, he says, in spite of Bolshevik 
hostility, and its leaders would welcome 
new methods with which to meet the new 
aspirations and longings of the masses. — 
Missionary Review of the World. 

One Denomination's Gifts 

The Seventh-Day Adventists make it a 
regular practice not only to tithe, but to give 
free-will offerings. The results of such 
giving are shown in the following figures: 
The funds increased from $8,577,050.86 in 
1919 to $11,854,404.23 in 1920, a gain of 
$3,277,353.37 in one year. Of this amount, 
$7,195,463.04 was given in tithes and $4,- 
658,941.19 in offerings for home and foreign 
mission work. The denominational mem- 
bership in 1920 was 185,450 and the per 
capita contribution $63.92 for all religious 
purposes. — Missionary Review of the World. 

Development of Missions in the 
Church of the Brethren 



The purpose of this program is not to entertain 
or to introduce something new. It is to make 
more vivid and to emphasize a subject too much 
neglected and too little known or thought about. 
It is intended as a brief survey of the development 
of the missionary spirit and activity and the 
present work of the church. In such a short pro- 
gram only the high points can be touched. 

Wherein our brethren of from three to seven 
decades ago sometimes seemed a little slow or 
hesitant in missionary aggression, or even ob- 
jected to foreign missions, it was our church only 
passing through the common experience of almost 
all other churches in the development of the mis- 
sionary consciousness. The " home field " first has 
always been the normal development of missionary 
expansion. Acts 1: 8. 

In a detailed study of this subject we have seen 
some of the great things our brethren have done 
for the missionary cause. While perhaps they 
made some mistakes, and sometimes moved too 
slowly, they laid a foundation upon which our 
present day missionary movement is built. Truly 
we cannot but say that many of these church fa- 
thers were our missionary forefathers. 

Although some other churches were active in 
foreign mission work before our Brotherhood caught 
the vision, we are glad to know that upon the 
foundation laid by our missionary forefathers, a 
healthy and growing missionary structure stands. 
While some of the churches today have one mis- 
sionary on the foreign field to about 4,000 of their 
membership, and the general average may not be 
much more than that, the Church of the Brethren 
has one foreign missionary to about 800 members. 

Praise the Lord that our fathers laid well the 
foundation, and that we are catching the vision! 
Much is still to be done. Let us broaden our vision 
and keep at work. 

This program was worked out in connection with 
the regular course in missions of the Church of 
the Brethren, at Bethany Bible School, and given 
by the class at the close of the quarter. 

Following are the various characters to be im- 
personated: Annual Meeting, Missionary Pro- 
moter, Non-Missionary Sentiment, Northern Illi- 
nois, General Mission Board, Visiting Elders, Special 
Committee, Mission in Scandinavia, Mission in Asia 

Minor, Mission in France and Switzerland, Mission 
in India, Mission in North China, Mission in South 

One person should write the dates on the board 
during the progress of the program. 


1850. (Enter Annual Meeting, Missionary Pro- 
moter and Non-Missionary Sentiment.) 

Mis. Pro. — Surely, we have an obligation to preach 
the Gospel tov the whole world. 

Non-Mis. Sen. — Yes, but our first and biggest 
duty is at home. 

1852. Mis. Pro.— (To An. Meet.) What will we 
do with Matt. 28: 19-20? 

An. Meet. — It is the duty of each member to do 
all within his power to fulfill that commission. 

Non-Mis. Sen. — True, that is a command of Christ, 
but many hindrances stand in the way of carry- 
ing it out. 

1856. Mis. Pro— (To An. Meet.) Will you not 
devise a plan whereby the church can more ef- 
fectually carry out the command of Jesus, that 
your decision of 1852 may not remain a dead let- 

An. Meet. — I recommend that each church serious- 
ly consider the subject. 

Non-Mis. Sen.— We are hardly ready to do mis- 
sionary work yet. 

1859. Mis. Pro.— (To An. Meet.) Several of the 
churches are demanding that something be done. 

An. Meet.— I will give liberty to any of the Dis- 
tricts to spread the Gospel and request that a 
report of their success be given to me next year. 
I will appoint Daniel P. Sayler, John Kline, John H. 
Umstad, Samuel Layman, John Metzger and 
James Quinter (enter Special Committee) as a com- 
mittee to propose a plan so that the entire Brother- 
hood may have part in the good work. This plan 
will be submitted next year. 

1860. Spec. Com.— I, your committee, appointed 


The Missionary Visitor 


in 1839, submit the following: Since the preaching 
of the Gospel to every creature is a command of 
Christ, and comes down to us as such, I recom- 
mend, first, that the churches organize themselves 
into Districts; second, that the treasury of the 
local churches be supplied by weekly contribution, 
according to 1 Cor. 16, and that the churches in 
turn supply the District treasury; third, that each 
church send at least one delegate to District Meet- 
ing, and that this meeting dispose of the funds to 
the glory of God and the salvation of souls; also that 
each District send a delegate to Annual Meeting; 
fourth, that while the general conviction is that 
the Gospel should be preached everywhere, this 
plan should not supersede the labors of our minis- 
ters in their individual capacities, nor hinder them 
from preaching without money and without price 
as far as their circumstances will allow, as they 
have hitherto done; and fifth, that our preachers 
submit this plan to their congregations. Respect- 
fully submitted, D. P. Sayler, John Kline, John 
Metzger, James Quinter. 

An. Meet.— So very few of our congregations are 
represented this year, I deem it expedient to defer 
action on this report. (Exit Spec. Com.) 

1868. Mis. Pro.— Now the war is over, and we 
ought to do something. (To An. Meet.) You have 
at different times favored missions. I request you 
to adopt some plan. 

An. Meet.— I will adopt the report that was pre- 
sented eight years ago. 

Non-Mis. Sen.— Really, there is not much urgency 
or demand for so much missionary sentiment, and 
we have a great work here at home. (Enter N. 

1875. N. 111.— Bro. Hope and other Scandinavians 
have been baptized here at home, and now there 
is a call from Denmark. We must send some 
elders to baptize those applicants. (Enter Vis. 
Eld.) You go and baptize those who are calling, 
and bring back a report of the needs there. 

Vis. Eld.— I do not know the language. I request 
you to send a Scandinavian brother with me. 

1876. N. 111.— I will call Bro. Hope to the ministry 
and send him. He shall go as soon as he can make 
proper arrangements. 

Mis. Pro.— Bro. Hope has been sent to Denmark, 
and I rejoice to learn that several have already 
been baptized. 

N. 111.— Yes, that is true, and those people are 
needing a missionary. I will ask Annual Meeting to 
send one. (About to present a query to An. Meet.) 

Non-Mis. Sen.— No, I urge you not to present that 
query. It will cause much agitation and confusion. 
Our people are hardly ready for such action. 

N. 111. — Perhaps we had better not push this 
matter too hard. 

Mis. Pro.— But those people are needing help and 
guidance. They are just young in the church. 

1877. N. 111.— Annual Meeting, I request you to in- 
quire into the missionary work now begun in 
Denmark, and if you think advisable, to recom- 
mend it to the sympathy and support of the gen- 
eral Brotherhood. 

An. Meet. — I think it advisable; and I approve of 
a collection being taken at this meeting for the 
Danish Mission. 

N. 111.— I am glad that Annual Meeting has sanc- 
tioned the work, and approved of a collection be- 
ing taken for the Danish Mission, but for some 
reason no funds were raised. I must raise $2,000 
and send two elders and their wives to Denmark. 
(Enter Vis. Eld.) Here is $1,000. You take it and 
go to Denmark to help and encourage the brethren 
there. (Exit Vis. Eld.) Soon we will have a young 
church in Europe, I am quite sure. (Reenter Vis. 

Eld. with Scand.) Now I have a daughter in for- 
eign lands. Annual Meeting, will you adopt this 
child, 1878? I think she really belongs to you. You 
can better care for her and support her than I. 
(Exit Vis. Eld.) 

An. Meet. — No, I will not take her; she belongs 
to you. But I will help to support her. You ask 
my churches for money. 

Mis. Pro. — Why are you not doing more to get 
mission work started? Let us get some workable 
plan. Let me submit a plan. (Ogan's Creek plan.) 

An. Meet. — Your plan may be good, but it has 
not come to me in regular order, and therefore can- 
not be considered. 

1879. Mis. Pro. — Will you not use all fair means 
to accept and encourage the work of evangelism? 

An. Meet. — I will just defer your question for the 

1880. Mis. Pro. — Don't forget my petition of last 
year. We must do something definite. 

An. Meet. — I will appoint a committee (enter 
Spec. Com.) to present us a plan that will harmo- 
nize with other plans that I have accepted. You 
work out a plan and submit to me yet at this 
Conference. (Exit Spec. Com.) It is time we are 
getting a Mission Board to assist us. Reenter 
Spec. Com.) 

Spec. Com. — I recommend, 1. That you appoint 
five brethren, sound in the faith, and fully alive 
to missionary interests to superintend the domes- 
tic and foreign missionary work of the Brother- 
hood. 2, That the five brethren organize as they 
deem necessary. 3. That the Board does not in- 
terfere with local or District mission work. 4. 
That the Danish Mission and work of such general 
nature be committed to the supervision of this 
Board. 5. That the funds in the hands of the 
" Brethren's Work of Evangelism " be committed to 
the treasury of this Board. 6. That the Board make 
no further appointments than the means in the 
treasury will justify. 7. That regular report be 
made to Annual Meeting. 8. That every church in 
the Brotherhood appoint a solicitor to raise funds. 
9. That the Board be instructed to proceed to its 
work at once. 10. That the members of vhe Board 
be elected every four years. (Signed), J. W. Stein, 
John Metzger, Hiel Hamilton, J. D. Livengood, J. 
W. Fitzgerald, Committee. (Mission Board enters). 

An. Meet. — N. Illinois, now I will adopt your 
daughter. I am glad we have a workable plan. 

Mis. Bd. — (To An. Meet.) I will serve you as best 
I can in my inexperience. 

1881. Non-Mis. Sen.— I feel that we are not ready 
for and that we cannot properly carry on mission 
work till our church is united in her efforts. 

1882. Mis. Pro. — Much is said these days, but too 
little done. Since 1852 mission queries have been 
before Annual Meeting twelve times, and at last 
we have a workable plan. Yet the best plan in the 
world will amount to nothing if it is left dormant. 
Why! We could raise $100,000 a year if we just 
thought so! 

Non-Mis. Sen. — We must be careful about intro- 
ducing into the church the " salaried ministry " 
idea. Our custom of " preaching without money 
and without price " has gained the heartiest sanc- 
tion of many of our brethren and sisters, and we 
must be careful not to offend them. If mission- 
aries go out, bearing their own expenses, it might 
be a good solution to the whole problem. 

Mis. Pro. — Yes, we must move cautiously. Yet 
the Book says " Go," and we must go till it says 
" Stop." (To Mis. Bd.) Perhaps you ought to 
push the work a little harder. I wonder how 
Scandinavia is getting along.. (To Scandinavia.) 
How does it fare with you, Scandinavia? 





The Missionary Visitor 


Scand.— Quite well. My people are giving a good 
response to Bro. Hope's faithful and efficient lead- 
ership. But he has some very difficult problems, 
and the cause is suffering for lack of full support 
and sympathy from America. But, on the whole, 
he is doing good work and is helping me very 
much. My people love Bro. Hope, and are truly 
grateful to you people for sending him to them. 

1883. Mis. Bd.— I am almost .discouraged. The 
churches are not standing back of me as I hoped 
they would, and consequently I have not done 
much the past year. I wonder what can be done 
to gain a more hearty response and a better sup- 

An. Meet.— Perhaps a reorganization and a new 
constitution will bring a new response. We will 
try it. I will appoint a committee to look into the 
matter. (Exit Mis. Bd. Enter Spec. Com.) 

1884. Spec. Com.— I, your Special Committee, ap- 
pointed last year, respectfully submit the follow- 
ing: 1. I recommend that five brethren be ap- 
pointed to compose this committee, and that the 
committee be called " The General Church Erection 
and Missionary Committee." 2. That the committee 
be nominated by Standing Committee and ap- 
proved by Annual Meeting, to serve for a term of 
three years. 3. That the object of the committee be 
to assist in building churchhouses and to send 
suitable brethren to preach the Gospel. 4. That 
each State District work out some effective plan 
similar to that of this committee, to build houses 
and to send out preachers. 5. That this committee 
shall keep the Brotherhood in touch with what is 
being done. I further recommend that each mem- 
ber of the church, that can at all do so, be asked 
to contribute at least one cent a week for mission 
work. Let each congregation adopt some plan to 
solicit its members regularly, and forward this 
money to the General Committee. (Signed). Daniel 
Vaniman, W. R. Deeter, S. S. Mohler, Enoch Eby, 
John Zuck. 

An. Meet. — I am pleased with the report and here- 
by approve of it. (Exit Spec. Com.) I also approve 
of Standing Committee's nomination of the per- 
sonnel of the committee: Enoch Eby, Daniel Vani- 
man, D. L. Miller, C. P. Rowland and Samuel Rid- 
dlesberger. (Reenter Mis. Bd.) 

Mis. Bd. — I hope to have the most hearty sup- 
port of the whole Brotherhood. A big task is before 
the church. I must call for and appropriate much 
money for the support of Scandinavia. Yes, I 
must make appropriations every year for her 
work. That means that the church will have to 
contribute liberally. I will urge every member 
to give one cent a week. That will give us suffi- 
cient funds. 

Mis. Pro. — Now we must provide sufficient funds 
to keep the work going. 

1886. Mis. Bd.— Bro. Hope asked last year to 
come back to America. I requested him to stay 
another year. But his wife is sick, and now I 
must let him return to America. I hope he can 
go back again. 

1888. Scand.— Since Bro. Hope has left, I need 
help very badly. Annual Meeting, won't you send 
me a missionary or at least some visiting brethren? 

1889. An. Meet.— I need some missionaries, and 
must have a plan worked out to get them. Special 
Committee (enter Spec. Com.), you present a plan 
next year. 

1890. Special Com.— I will submit the following 
report: 1. Let churches having men with proper 
qualifications from time to time hold elections, 
that we might meet this growing need, and let 
these ministers when elected hold themselves in 
readiness to be used wherever the church needs 

them. 2. Let the Board occasionally publish these 
following missionary qualifications: He must be 
sound in faith. He must be submissive to the 
Mission Board. He must be able and willing to 
teach and defend the principles of the Gospel and 
the doctrines of the church. If married his wife 
must possess similar qualifications. 3. Let each 
District appoint three elders who shall report to 
the General Mission Board, the names of any 
qualified young ministers who are willing to serve 
the Board. 4. Let the Mission Board assure the 
regular missionaries steady employment nad neces- 
sary support as long as they work properly. 

An. Meet. — I approve of that plan. It will help 
us get missionaries. (Exit Spec. Com.) 

Scand. — Won't you send me some help? 

1891. Mis. Bd. — I must send some one to help 
Scandinavia. I will send Brethren Christian Hope 
and D. L. Miller, and will ask Bro. Hope to re- 
main several months. (Enter Vis. Eld.) You go 
and see how the work fares in Scandinavia. (Vis. 
Eld. go to Scand.) 

1892. Annual Meeting, will you permit me to send 
Visiting Elders to Denmark every three years to 
see how the work is coming and to encourage the 
brethren there? 

An. Meet. — Yes, that will be a wholesome plan. 

Mis. Bd. — Another big problem is before us this 
year. Here is Wilbur B. Stover, who wants to go 
to India as a missionary, and the Waynesboro 
church agrees to stand back of him in support 
and sympathy. I think we had better send him 
on certain conditions. 

Mis. Pro. — I am glad we are catching a vision of 
the need of the heathen. 

1893. Mis. Bd. — Bro. Stover for some reason did 
not go to India last year. Now Brother and Sister 
A. W. Vaniman are applicants before us. So also 
is Bertha Ryan. Annual Meeting, I recommend A. 
W. Vaniman and wife, W. B. Stover and wife, and 
Bertha Ryan to you as missionaries to India, three 
of whom are to be sent at present. 

1894. An. Meet. — Since Brother and Sister Vani- 
man are withdrawing their application in prefer- 
ence to the Stovers, who applied before they did, 
I approve of W. B. Stover and wife and Bertha 
Ryan, to go to Bombay, India, as missionaries this 
fall. (Enter India.) 

1895. Mis. Bd. — It is time to send elders to visit 
Scandinavia again. I will again send Brethren Hope 
and Miller. (Enter Vis. Eld.) You brethren may 
go and encourage the church in Europe. Bro. 
Miller, you may go and see and give advice or as- 
sistance to India. (Vis. Eld. go first to Scandi- 
navia, then to India.) 

India. — Bro. Stovers have located at Bulsar, my 
headquarters. He is entering into the work with 
much zeal. I am glad to have you, Bro. D. L. 
Miller, here for a few weeks. (Exit Vis. Eld.) 

Mis. Bd. — I feel that we ought to reestablish 
primitive Christianity in the old home of the 
church, among the Seven Churches of Asia. And 
here we have a man, Bro. G. J. Fercken, who has 
recently come into our midst from another de- 
nomination. He seems thoroughly consecrated and 
knows the Greek and Arabic languages as well as 
the French and English. Annual Meeting, wiil you 
permit me to send him to Asia Minor? 

An. Meet.— I approve of him as missionary to 
Asia Minor. 

Mis. Bd.— He will go this fall. (Enter Asia 

Asia Minor.— I have an organized church already 
with a deacon and minister. (To Mis. Bd.) May 
I start an orphanage, to care for some of the 


The Missionary Visitor 


Armenian children whose parents have been killed 
by the Turks? 
Mis. Bd. — You may. 

1897. Asia Minor.— There are twenty -five orphans 
in the orphanage already. 

Mis. Bd.— Our child in Asia Minor is growing and 
prospering wonderfully. 

India.— The Lord is blessing my labors. Several 
were baptized this year. An orphanage was opened 
to take care of a few of the famine children. I re- 
joice to have the new missionaries come. I need 
them so much. The work is hard and the oppor- 
tunity is so great, especially since the famine is 

1898. Asia Minor.— The blessings of the Lord 
have been upon me again this year. I have or- 
ganized the second church, and then the two 
churches have been organized into a District, the 
First District of the Brethren Church of Asia 
Minor. I have forty-one members and have elected 
several ministers. The orphanage is prospering. 
I now have work both in Smyrna and Philadelphia. 
Soon primitive Christianity will be reestablished 
in all the Seven Churches of Asia, I trust. 

Scand.— (To An. Meet, and Mis. Bd.) Can't you 
send me some help? I am suffering for want of 

Mis. Bd. — Here it is time to send the Visiting 
Elders to Europe again. (Enter Vis. Eld.) Bro. 
Hope and Bro. Miller, you may go again. (Vis. Eld. 
go to Scand.) I wonder if Bro. Hope would con- 
sider staying. I will confer with his wife, and see 
if she can go. I will ask Bro. Hope to remain at 
least three or four months. 

Asia Minor. — All had been moving nicely this 
year, when suddenly false reports were circulated 
against my elder, Bro. Fercken, at the time when 
four of the orphans were baptized. The children 
were Armenians. Not only the Mohammedan 
Turks are against me, but the Armenian Chris- 
tians and the Protestant Missions are against me. 
What shall I do? Bro. Fercken has had to flee 
for his life. 

Mis. Bd. — I will send Bro. Fercken my sympa- 
thies. I do not believe him guilty. The work will 
be placed in the care of Bro. D. L. Miller for the 

1899. Bro. Fercken may begin work in Switzerland. 
Bro. Miller will visit Asia Minor and encourage 
the brethren, and investigate further the situation. 
(Vis. Elders return.) Now I will hear what the 
visiting elders have to say regarding Scandinavia. 

Vis. Eld.— (To Mis. Bd.) Scandinavia is in great 
need of help. Things look very discouraging. Young 
Danish ministers in America should be sent back to 
help. The problems are many. 

Scand. — I am sorry that Bro. Hope cannot labor 
permanently for me. I need some one so badly. 

Mis. Bd. — I will send a missionary as soon as 
one can be found. (To Vis. Eld.) Now go and 
see what can be done for Asia Minor. (Go to Asia 
Minor. Enter France and Switz.) I am glad to 
announce the birth of a new church, a new child 
in Europe. 

France and Switz.— I am very young, but I am 
growing.' Although born just this year, I already 
have about thirty members and two organized 
churches— one in Switzerland and one in France. 

India.— This year I have grown to the extent that 
two churches, Bulsar and Jalalpor, have been or- 
ganized. (Return of Vis. Eld.) 

Vis. Eld.— (To Mis. Bd.) I have investigated 
Asia Minor Mission. I find Bro. Fercken guiltless. 
But the field is a hard one. (Exit Vis. Eld.) 

1900. Mis. Bd.— I will discontinue the support of 

Asia Minor till I find a suitable brother to go. 
(Asia Minor approaches door.) 

India. — Another severe famine is on. I am trying 
to help the people and to reach as many souls as 
possible. The famine is an awful tragedy; but it 
does give me some wonderful opportunities. I 
have over 500 orphans now to save, to train and to 

1901. Mis. Bd. — I recognize the great need in 
Scandinavia. Annual Meeting, I recommend that 
Brother and Sister Vaniman go to Scandinavia. 

An. Meet. — I approve of their going. 

Scand. — I am so glad to have our American broth- 
er and sister to come and help. 

Mis. Bd. — I find it will be very difficult to locate 
a missionary in Asia Minor now. The Turkish 
laws are against us. But we must give the breth- 
ren there a little support. (Asia Minor comes back 
into the group.) 

1902. India. — And now another famine is on, this 
time caused by rats. But my opportunities are 
greater this year than before. I am better ac 
quainted with the people and the needs, and the 
doors are open to me. The people are coming into 
the church in considerable numbers. I need more 
teachers to teach them in the way of the faith. I 
also need a doctor. Bro. Adam Ebey has been 
dispensing medicines, helping the people in their 
physical ills, and has even been performing oper- 
ations. I need doctors badly. Bro. McCann has 
been doing a wonderfully courageous and self-sac- 
rificing work in caring for the sick and dying or- 
phans during the serious plague epidemic. He 
isolates himself and risks his life tc o what he 
can for the [my] poor, stricken people. 

1903. Mis. Bd.— Since Dr. Yereman cannot go to 
Asia Minor, his homeland, I will send him to you. 
Several other recruits are coming also. 

India. — That is good news. 

1904. France and Switz.— My work is prospering. 
I now have fifty-nine members, three ministers, be- 
sides Eld. Fercken, an orphanage and several out- 

1905. Scand. — And now Bro. Vaniman is forced 
to leave me so soon— what will I do! But before 
he left he helped me organize a Scandinavian Mis- 
sion Board, for which I am glad. I can now work 
better than I could before he came, four years 

1906. Mis. Bd.— My heart is saddened. Our 
trusted Bro. Fercken has betrayed his trust. He 
has left his work in France and has gone with the 
Swedenborgians. I will temporarily place Bro. 
Pellet, of Switzerland, in charge. I will locate an 
American missionary as soon as possible. I will 
also send a committee to France and Switzerland. 
(Enter Vis. Eld.) You go and investigate the field 
and withdraw membership from G. J. Fercken. 
(Vis. Eld. go to France and Switz., then exeunt.) 
Furthermore, Dr. Yereman feels under obliga- 
tion to withdraw from the field so soon. 

India. — Death has entered my ranks and claimed 
within twelve months all four of Brother and Sis- 
ter Adam Ebey's children. 

1908. Mis. Bd. — Truly, our people are becoming 
interested in missions. The pressure has been 
strong for over two years to open a mission in 
China. So now I recommend to you, Annual Meet- 
ing, Brother and Sister Crumpacker, Brother and 
Sister Hilton and Sister Emma Horning. 

An. Meet.— I am pleased. Send them this fall. 
(Enter China.) 

India. — I think I should give you a word con- 
cerning the orphanage. The work is becoming 
more and more pleasant all the time. It is be- 
cause the children are fewer and we have more 


The Missionary Visitor 



room, better accommodations, better health, the 
children are getting big, school runs smoother, a 
strong Christian spirit prevails, and the mission- 
aries are getting rich in their experience in directing 
the work. I might say also that I have had many 
interesting experiences in making matches. This 
responsible work of marrying these boys and girls 
falls to me, and I must find wives for the boys and 
husbands for the girls. 

1909. Mis. Bd.— I think I must send somebody to 
Scandinavia as soon as I can find a man. Through 
unfaithfulness of Bro. Chirighotis in Asia Minor, 
our mission there is considered closed. (Exit Asia 
Minor.) I also hear of trouble in France. (Enter 
Vis. Eld.) Visiting Elders, you go and investigate. 
(Vis. Eld. go to France.) Some members have 
brought charges against Bro. Pellet. (Return of 
Vis. Eld.) 

Vis. Eld.— I do not find Bro. Pellet guilty. But I 
do see the real need of an American missionary 
being there. (Exit Vis. Eld.) 

Mis. Bd.— I will confer with several brethren and 
see if I cannot find one willing to go to France and 
Switzerland. India, how is your work developing? 

India. — Very encouragingly. I have recently or- 
ganized a native Mission Board. That is one step 
toward a self-supporting and self-propagating 
church. This Board is sending out a native mis- 
sionary the first year, and will support him and his 
family and will also build a house for him. 

Mis. Bd.— China, what are the prospects for your 

China.— Splendid ! The other missions have been 
helping me. My missionaries are acquiring the 
language remarkably well, and have been pros- 
pecting—sowing the seed and looking for a per- 
manent location. You know it takes a year or 
two for the missionaries to learn the language, 
but in the meantime they can distribute tracts 
and Gospels, and can talk to their teachers about 
Christ. That is what my missionaries are do- 

1910. India. — Death has again entered my family, 
this time to take one of my much-needed mission- 
aries, Bro. Chas. Brubaker.. I know it will bring 
sorrow to your hearts. 

Mis. Bd. — (To India.) I extend my sympathies to 
you in your bereavement. 

China. — I have finally located permanently at 
Ping Ting. Prospects for my future seem good. 
I have just opened an opium refuge. The opium 
curse is terrible among my people, and I hope to 
do all I can for them. I am sorry that Bro. Hil- 
ton's had to return to America so soon. He is 
needed here so much. I rejoice, however, in the 
coming of Sister Metzger. 

1911. Mis. Bd.— I am glad that at last I have 
found a man for France and Switzerland, and one 
for Scandinavia. Annual Meeting, will you approve 
of Bro. Paul Mohler and wife as missionaries to 
France and Switzerland and Bro. Graybill and wife 
for Sweden? 

An. Meet.— Yes, I am glad you have found men 
to go. 

China.— My heart this year has mingled emotions 
of rejoicings and anxiety. I rejoice because sev- 
eral people have been baptized — the first fruits of 
my work. The first love feast was held, and six 
new missionaries have come, and also Bro. Hilton 
has returned. But rebellion is on and I fear for the 
welfare of my people, both Chinese and American. 
Everything has been quiet and peaceable at Ping 
Ting thus far, however. I have kept most of my 
missionaries at the coast during the rebellion. 

1912. France and Switz. — Conditions have become 
serious with me. Bro. Mohler has just found that 

Bro. Pellet has been untrue and unfaithful. He 
feels that to stay by me will mean to start a new 
mission. I wonder what will be done. 

Mis. Bed. — The France Mission is to be closed and 
Bro. Paul Mohler is to return to America. (Exit 
France and Switz.) 

China. — I am glad to report progress. A new 
station, Liao, has been opened and my two churches 
have been organized into a District, with seven- 
teen members. 

1913. Mis. Bd. — A sad cablegram has come to me 
at the opening of the year — " Heckman dead. 
Smallpox." Perhaps, if we had had doctors there, 
Bro. Heckman might have been spared to the work. 
I must put doctors on both fields. Annual Meet- 
ing, will you approve of Dr. Wampler and Dr. 
Brubaker for China, and Drs. Raymond and Laura 
Cottrell for India, this year? 

An. Meet. — Most heartily. 

Mis. Bd. — I am glad to be able to send a brother 
and wife to Denmark and a sister to Sweden also, 
this year. 

Scand. — I am truly glad for these recruits from 

Mis. Bd. — I think we must send elders to visit the 
churches on the foreign field again. (Enter Vis. 
Eld.) Bro. Royer and Bro. Early, you may visit 
the fields this year, both in Europe and in Asia. 
(Go to those fields and then exeunt.) 

1915. India.— I am glad for Dr. Nickey, who has 
come to help heal the bodies of my poor, afflicted 
people. Great are the opportunities for the mis- 
sionary doctor. 

1916. China.— The Volunteers, the last year or 
two, have been organizing and making concentrated 
efforts. I am glad to hear of it. 

India. — So am I. Students have been volunteer- 
ing for missions, but somehow they do not get to 
the field. I hope this will bring them. We have 
been getting almost no men for several years. 

1917. China. — It gives me much joy and en- 
couragement to have such a band of recruits to 
come in war times. Other missions are almost 
jealous of me. They cannot get helpers, and I 
got ten all at once. 

1918. India. — I must have MEN. I have now 
just about the same number of men I had on the 
field twelve years ago, and I ought to have twice 
as many to man our field and to push out in the 

Mis. Pro. — (To Mis. Bd.) I have for some time 
been feeling that we must do something to care 
for our brethren and their families in S. China. 
Should we not send a missionary? 

Mis. Bd. — Of course, these people need the Gos- 
pel, but it is an unusual situation, and a problem 
difficult of solution. I will ask Annual Meeting. 
(To An. Meet.) What shall I do? 

An. Meet. — We must give those people pastoral 

1919. Mis. Bd. — Here comes a call from India, 
" Send eight men." I must find them. 

Mis. Pro.— Yes, now is the time for the church to 
do her duty. 

Mis. Bd. — Annual Meeting, I am presenting to you 
this year, thirty-two men and women to be mis- 
sionaries to Scandinavia, India and China. Will 
you accept them? 

An. Meet.— I assuredly will. 

1920. Mis. Bd.— (To An. Meet.) We have found 
two men trained in America— Niels Esbensen from 
Denmark and Moy Gwong from S. China. Will 
you approve of them as missionaries to their na- 
tive countries? 

An. Meet. — Yes, send them on with my sup- 
port and prayers. (Enter S. China.) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Mis. Bd.— It has been seven years since I sent a 
deputation to the mission fields. This year I will 
send Brethren Williams and Yoder to visit all the 
regular mission fields, to investigate the South 
China field, and to look into the prospects for 
opening Africa. 

S. China.— There are some hard problems to be 
worked out for me. Sisters Shick and Arnold 
have been here for some little time, teaching and 
helping my boys and girls. Three years ago two 
people were baptized and just now two girls have 
been baptized. 

1822. Mis. Bd.— I think the mother church and the 
rest of the sister churches would like to know and 
ought to know just what are the latest developments 
and attainments on our various fields. I wish each one 
would tell me how many members, how many 
missionaries, how many native ministers and dea- 
cons and how many organized churches you have. 
I realize that the latest statistics you can give 
are the Dec. 31, 1920, records. 

Scand.— In Denmark I have seventy-six members 
and in Sweden 153. In Denmark are two American 
missionaries and in Sweden three. In Denmark I 
have six ministers and six deacons, and in Sweden 
eight ministers and six deacons. In Denmark I 
have two organized churches and in Sweden five. 

India.— I have 2,382 members, sixty-six mission- 
aries, including those on furlough, six native min- 
isters, twenty-eight deacons and nine organized 

China. — I have 401 members, fifty-one mission- 
aries, three native ministers and two organized 

S. China. — I have seven members, one native 
missionary sent by the Mission Board and one in- 
dependent, and two missionaries not under the 
Board. My native missionaries are ministers. I 
have no organized church. 

Mis. Bd.— How many doctors and nurses do you 
each have? 

India.— I have three American doctors and three 
nurses, with several native helpers. 

China.— I have three doctors and four nurses. I 
have one native doctor and several helpers. 

Mis. Bd. — What about your schools? 

Scand.— I am not doing much educational work. 
Both Denmark and Sweden have good schools. I 
have S. S. and am reaching some people that way. 

India.— Schools are one of my good points of con- 
tact. Government encourages me along this line, 
and even assists, giving what we call grants-in-aid. 
Notice some facts I can give you along this line. I 
have 122 men and forty women teachers of all grades. 
I have seventy village day schools scattered far 
and wide, and twenty-two night schools; 104 teach- 
ers serve these ninety-two schools; 1,747 children 
attend them. Only one in ten of the pupils is a 
girl. I have thirteen boarding schools at the mis- 
sion stations, with 443 boys attending regularly 
and 284 girls, or 727 in boarding schools, with 
fifty-five teachers. I have seventy-nine young 
men and women in training schools, such as col- 
lege, high school, medical school, normal school, 
Bible school. So you see the schools are a great 
hope of the future of my work. As to Sunday- 
schools, I have seventy-four with 155 teachers, a 
total enrollment of 2,591 and an average attendance 
of 1,888. Of the 984 pupils who entered the regu- 
lar Sunday-school examination 773 passed and got 
certificates. Thus more than 78 per cent of those 
entering passed— a prettv good record, don't vou 

China.— The schools have a big place in China al- 
so. A good many of the converts come through 
the boarding schools and Sunday-school. There 

are six boarding schools with 637 pupils and 
eleven day schools at the out-stations with 376 
pupils; 32 per cent of the pupils are girls. Mis- 
sion education is meaning much to the young wom- 
en of China, and is helping them to find a larger, 
freer life. Forty-three teachers are helping to edu- 
cate these 1,013 boys and girls. I have two or- 
ganized Sunday-schools with an average attendance 
of 261, and thirty-two teachers and officers. A few 
more years will show the results of our present 
work. Much of our work is comparatively new. 

S. China. — Education is my main hold thus far. 
But I cannot give any glowing account yet. A 
few years will tell the story. 

Mis. Bd.— What are the prospects for the de- 
velopment of the native church? 

Scand. — As to my people, you know they are al- 
ready a Christian people. But their Christianity 
has become so dead and formal. My greatest hope 
is to awaken them spiritually and get them to see 
the real purpose and motive of Christianity. I am 
gratified with results that are being reached. When 
the people come into the church from the state 
church they make good, earnest and faithful mem- 

India. — It is my greatest hope to get the Indian 
people to interpret religious motives in terms of 
Christianity. They are already more religious 
than you Americans, but have on the whole not 
found the true religion. When they come to un- 
derstand Christianity and to accept it they will 
make devoted and earnest workers for Christ. I 
am working toward the goal of making the church 
self-supporting, self-propagating and self-govern- 
ing. My industrial work, educational system, Bi- 
ble and normal training, placing of ministerial and 
other official responsibility are all tending toward 
the goal. I feel gratified over my twenty-seven years 
of work. We all hope some day to see a strong na- 
tive Church of the Brethren in India. 

China.— My hopes are much the same as India's. 
One big difference is, my people are not so religious, 
but are more practical, like you Westerners. I 
think it is harder to get them to catch the reli- 
gious or spiritual ideals than it is for the Indians, 
but they are responding well. 

S. China.— I am starting from the very first with 
strong convictions that I must and can build a 
self-supporting and independent native church. My 
only ministers are natives. With your prayers I 
hope to build a strong indigenous church. 

Mis. Pro. — I wonder how soon our prospective 
work in Africa will become a reality and we can 
have yearly reports from there also. 

Mis. Bd. — I wish I could peer into the future and 
say a word to the rest of you about Africa. But 
by the grace of God we hope soon to help in the 
evangelization of that great continent. God help 
us to do our part in heralding the glad tidings to 
the nations of the earth. (Exeunt all.) 

The Development of Missions 

in the 

Church of the Brethren 

This program is printed in leaflet form 
and can be secured for 10c each. 

Elgin, III. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


March 19, 1813, David Livingstone, cele- 
brated African explorer and mission- 
ary, born at Blantyre, near Glas- 
gow, Scotland. Died at Chitambo, 
central Africa, April 30, 1873. His 
body was carried to the coast by 
natives, shipped to England, and 
buried in Westminster Abbey April 
18, 1874. 


March is a loud and blust'ry fellow, 
He drowns a voice that's soft and mellow; 
He blows his breath in people's faces, 
And pokes his nose in private places; 
He makes the kiddies cut up capers, 
And scatters all their lesson papers; 
What makes him act so rude and saucy? 
I don't like folks that are so bossy! 


(For Recitation) 

The Lord had a job for me; but I had so 

much to do 
I said, "You get somebody else, or wait 

till I get through." 
I don't know how the Lord came out; no 

doubt he got along; 
But I felt kind o' sneakin' like; I knew I'd 

done God wrong. 

One day I needed the Lord— needed him 

right away; 
But he never answered me at all, and I 

could hear him say, 
Down in my accusin' heart, " Child, I've 

"" got too much to do; 
You get somebody else, or wait till I get 


Now when the Lord has a job for me, I 

never try to shirk; 
I drop what I have on hand and do the 

Lord's good work, 
And my affairs can run along or wait till 

I get through; 
Nobody else can do the work that God has 

marked out for you. 

— Selected. 

Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 


For Aunt Adalyn. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I feel rather bash- 
ful, but somehow I'd like to be in the cir- 
cle where the lamp shines. I am one of 
Alix Bonner's chums, but she couldn't 
come this time, so I came all by myself. 
I'm not much of a talker, but I like to 
listen. I'm not a secretary, or a commit- 
tee, or anything like that, but I always get 
to class before Sunday-school opens. Once 
I got a $5 prize for regular attendance, 
offered by the superintendent. He was a 
colonel in the war, and had only one arm. 
We all loved him. I like to work puzzles, 
but some of these seem a little hard. But 
I'll keep on pounding till I'm sure some 
of them will crack. But maybe I'm crowd- 
ing. All right; I'll make room for some- 
body else now. Barbara Crayton. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I was out skating 
this afternoon, and accidentally broke 
through a thin place in the ice. It was a 
chilly bath, all right, and my clothes got 
soaked. So now while they are drying, I'll 
read the "Junior Missionary." I like the 
new things you are putting in. I often 
thought I'd like to write a story, but some- 
how I can't make it work. I have to know 
beforehand what happened, before I can tell 
about it. The answer to the enigma in the 
January number is " Wilbur Brenner 
Stover." I have brought a question for the 


The Missionary Visiter 


Juniors to answer: Where in the Bible 
does it say that men wore bonnets? I'd 
like to stay longer, but mother says sup- 
per is ready. Chauncey Deane. 

Both Barbara and Chauncey followed in- 
structions exactly in addressing their let- 
ters, and I 'most knew before I slit the 
envelope what I was going to find inside. 
Now, every little John and Mary in the 
country throw on your wraps, jump into 
your Overland or Studebaker (if you don't 
have that you surely have a Ford) and make 
for Elgin, and we'll have a regular April 
picnic! We'll have one in May, too, if 
you say so. We'd like to have every meet- 
ing so jolly and interesting that you'd 
rather come than not. 

"Poke the lazy pine-knot, Jamesie!" 

Aunt Adalyn. 
J* & 

(For Recitation) 

Marie has taken baby out 

To sniff the morning air; 
While Nellie wipes the dishes dry, 

And handles them with care. 
John brings a bucket full of coal 

Up from the dusty bin; 
While Harry scampers to the pump 

And brings the water in. 

Estelle has gone for grandma's specs, 

Her dear old Book to read; 
While Margie takes a pan of corn 

Her brood of chicks to feed; 
Ralph whistles as he turns the cows 

Out of the barnyard gate; 
Tom screws his mouth while working out 

The sums upon his slate. 

Ruth has an errand up the street, 

To bring a pound of rice; 
And to be sure she knows it well, 

Sue spells her lesson twice; 
Joe takes a turn beside the churn, — 

Just hear the dasher fly! 
While Sam is cleaning mother's shoes, 

And isn't asking "why!" 

And scattered all along between 

Are little kindly words; 
The " Thank you," " Sir," and " If you 
Sound like the notes of birds; 
Tis such a busy family, 

Not one is known to shirk; 
For every day, before they play, 
♦The Juniors are at work! 

A. H. B. 


1. Cut off the head of the first man, and 
leave a barrier. 

2. Decapitate a precious stone, and leave 
a passage-way. 

3. Behead astray and leave a girl. 

4. Behead an unfinished tower, and leave 
a member of the first family. 

5. Behead what God made on the sixth day, 
and leave a direction. 

6. Behead to strike, and leave to devour. 

7. Behead to stoop, and leave termina- 

8. Behead censure, and leave crippled. 

9. Behead a smudge, and leave a piece of 

10. Behead a very sore place, and leave 
grease. jj 


(The words to be supplied in the parentheses 
sound alike, but are spelled differently.) 

1. My (relative) told me to study the (in- 

2. When he lost his (plaything) he began 
to (cry). 

3. Johnny began to (drag) his sled through 
the (passage). 

4. The (Turkish ruler) went sailing down 
the (body of water). 

5. The wind (chased) the girl's (color) 
hat off. 

6. The (branch) of the tree hung over the 
(stem) of the ship. 

7. The girl with a (plait) is afraid of the 
mule that (made harsh noise). 

8. The well (reared) boy likes to eat 
(loaf). j| 

Send all cracked " Nuts " in promptly, 
addressing your envelope according to the 
form show on page 88. The names of all 
who send in correct answers will be pub- 
lished. If you answer all, maybe we'll do 
better by you! <£ 

January Nuts Cracked 

I. Enigma. Wilbur Brenner Stover. 

EI. A Package of Fruits. Apple. Peach. 
Plum. Cherry. Raisin. Lemon. Orange. 
Quince. Fig. Currant. 

(February " Nuts " cracked in April) 


The Missionary Visitor 



(Continued frojji Page 78) 

within our reach. We can truthfully say 
there is no other lot in the city to com- 
pare with it in location or in price. We 
feel that our cause has been helped in every 

Eld. L. T. Holsinger, of Brethren, Mich., 
was with us during January for a ten days' 
evangelistic service. Sixteen made a pub- 
lic confession, ten of whom were baptized. 
We used the First Baptist church fount for 
all but one baptism. I cannot refrain from 
telling you about one of our services, it 
was so impressive and beautiful. The 
Monday following the Sunday on which we 
had baptism, a young man appeared very 
anxious to join us. We were unable to 
secure the use of the church fount, and in 
accordance with his wishes went to the 
Clinton River for the immersion. The 
scene was most impressive, taking place 
about sundown. 

We are in earnest and are striving with 
all our might to make our endeavor come 
true. We want and will have a church. 
We now have the following services regular- 

Sunday-school, 11 A. M.; preaching and 
Christian Workers' Society each Sunday 
evening; cottage prayer meeting each 
Wednesday evening; Sisters' Aid Society 
every other Thursday afternoon; teachers' 
meeting every other Tuesday evening. 
Twenty-seven members now live in the 
city. ^ ^ 


In the chemistry class we learned how 
acids act on different substances. Some- 
times they make a mixture that explodes 
or bursts into flames. Sometimes they eat 
up the substance to which they ar,e ap- 
plied. Sometimes they act slowly, show- 
ing that they do not have much power 
over what has been exposed to their action. 

In the course of our experiments the 
professor gave us a bit of gold and told us 
to dissolve it. We tried one acid after 
another, but none had any effect on the 
gold. We left it all night in the strongest 
acid we had but in the morning it was just 
as it had been the night before; we might 
as well have tried to dissolve it in water. 

We tried combinations of different acids, 
but still the gold remained unaffected. 
Finally we told the professor that we 
thought gold could not be dissolved. 

He smiled. " I knew you could not dis- 
solve the gold," he said. " None of the 
acids that you have there will attack it; 
but try this," and he handed us a bottle 
labeled, " Nitro-muriatic Acid (Aqua 

We poured some of the contents of the 
bottle into the tube that held the piece of 
gold. And the gold that had resisted so 
easily all the other acids quickly disap- 
peared in the royal water. The gold at 
last had found its master. 

The next day in the classroom the pro- 
fessor asked, " Do you know why it is 
called royal water?" 

"Yes," we replied; "it is because it is 
the master of gold, which can resist almost 
everything else that can b-e. poured on it." 

"Boys," said he then, "it will not hurt 
the lesson today if I take time to tell you 
that there is one other substance that is 
just as impervious as gold; it cannot be 
touched or changed though a hundred at- 
tempts are made upon it. That substance 
is ' the sinful heart.' Trial and affliction 
will not break it down; riches and honor 
will not soften it; imprisonment and punish- 
ment will not master it. Even education 
and culture will not dissolve the sinful 
heart and purify it of its dross. There is 
but one element that has power over it — 
the blood of Jesus Christ the Savior, the 
aqua regia of the soul. Your souls are 
precious, infinitely more precious than the 
gold you have been working with. Do not 
trust your souls to the action of these 
other influences. They cannot touch or 
change them. But bring them under the 
blood of Jesus Christ and the sin of your 
soul will be dissolved away in the pre- 
cious blood of the Son of God." — Selected 
by Anna Lesh, Goshen, Ohio, from Youth's 
Companion. ^ ^ 

" There is no more inconceivable folly 
than this continued riot of expenditure on 
battleships at a time when great masses of 
humanity are. dying of starvation." — Her- 
bert Hoover. 


The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of January, the Board sent out 
10,741 tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during January: 

California— $172.05 

No. Dist., Cong.: H. S. Sheller (Raisin), 
$5; Eld. D. F. Sink (M. N.) (Reedley), 50c; 
Indv. : D. S. Musselman, $1.15, $ 6 65 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, $149.40; 
David Blickenstaff (La Verne), $5; Mary 
M. Hepner (Covina), $5; J. P. Dickey (La 

Verne), $1; Indv.: A Sister, $5, 165 40 

Canada— $2.50 

Indv.: Mrs. C. S. Blong 2 50 

Colorado— $6.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Conrad Fitz (Den- 
ver), 2 50 

W. Dist., S. S.: 5th Sun. Collection and 

Birthday Offering, Grand Junction, 4 00 

Delaware— $75.00 

Cong.: Wm. A. Hochstedler and Wife 

(Bethany) 75 00 

Florida— $2.00 

Cong.: J. N. Smith (Sebring), $1; J. M. 

Lutz (Sebring), $1 2 00 

Idaho— $34.46 

Cong.: L. Clanin (Clearwater), $2.50; S. 

S. : Weiser, $31.96, 34 46 

Illinois— $139.49 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $75.93; John 
C. Lampin (Polo), $5; Eld. J. S. Flory 
(M. N.) (Polo), 50c; Daniel H. Stauffer 
(Polo), $2; E. P. Trostle and Wife (Mt. 
Morris), $5; Jennie Ruble (Chicago), $1; 
A. L. Moats (Dixon), $1.20; Wm. Win- 
gert (Lanark), $12; E. Weigle (Shan- 
non), $5; W. R. Bratten (Mt. Carroll), $5; 
Wm. R. Thomas (Mt. Morris), $1; S. S. : 
Franklin Grove, $22.86, 136 49 

So. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. D. C. Vaniman 

(Virden), 3 00 

Indiana— $146.80 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Peru, $32; Pleasant 
Dale, $31.85; A Sister (Peru), $10; Frank 
Fisher (Mexico), $1; M. E. Miller (Peru), 
$1; Odis P. Clingenpeel (Flora), $2; Em- 
ma Fair (Manchester), $1; J. D. Rife 
(Roann), $1.20; Addie Olinger (Mexico), $4; 
John W. Hoover (Manchester), $1.25; Wm. 
M. Eikenberrv (Manchester), $3; Indv.: 
Walter Balsbaugh, $5, 93 30 

No. Dist., Cong.: E. F. Haynes (Cedar 
Lake), $25; Enos W. Bowers (N. Liberty), 
$1; Samuel E. Good (No. Liberty), $1; Mel- 
vin D. Neff (New Paris), $10; Mrs. Annetta 
Tohnson (Nappanee), $2.50; Indv.: E. and R. 
Fashbaugh, $7.50; Floyd Leeper (M. N.), 
$1; Jacob B. Neff, $5, 53 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Eld. E. A. Norris (M. 

N.), 50 

Iowa— $314.50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: E. L. West (Des 
Moines Valley), $33; Franklin Rhodes 
(Dallas Center), $200; Indv.: Mrs. Vinton 
Artz, 50c; C. Z. Reitz, $40, 273 50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. C. A. Shook 
(Greene), $2; U. S. Blough (Waterloo), $4; 
Hannah C. Messer (Grundy Co.), $1; 
Louisa Messer (Grundy Co.), $2.50; Con- 
rad Messer (Grundv Co.), $2.50; Mrs. 
Edward Zapf (Grundy Co.), S5; Eld. W. I. 
Buckingham (M. N.) (Franklin Co.), 50c; 
Mrs. L. H. Slifer (Grundy Co.), $10; S. S. : 
Home Dept., Greene, $5; Indv.: Elizabeth 
Albright, $5, 37 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Council Bluffs, $3; 
Indv.: D. P. Miller (M. N.), 50c, 3 50 

Kansas— $22.75 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Johanna Jolitz, 10 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Isaac B. Garst 
(Quinter), 75 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, 12 00 

Kentucky— 90c 

Indv.: Owen Barnhart, 90 

Louisiana — $3.70 

Indv.: John Metzger, $2.50; W. B. 

Woodard, $1.20, 3 70 

Maryland— $59.88 

E. Dist., Cong.: Frederick, $10; Middle- 
town Valley, $24.88; Amos Wampler (Mead- 
ow Branch), $1; John D. Roop (Meadow 
Branch), $3; Annie R. Stoner (Pipe Creek), 
$15; No. 56121 (Frederick City), $5, 58 88 

W. Dist., Indv.: Clarence E. Coleman, .. 1 00 

Michigan— $22.53 

Cong.: Joseph S. Robison (Vestaburg), $1; 
S. S.: Durand (Elsie), $12.35; Birthday Of- 
ferings, Shepherd, $9.18, 22 53 

Minnesota— $6.50 

Cong.: David F. Landis (Lewiston), $1.50; 

Indv.: Mrs. Melissa Longhenry, $5, 6 50 

Missouri — $37.17 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Wm. H. Wagner 
(Mound), $5; Indv.: B. S. Kindig, $5; James 
P. Harris and Wife, $10, 20 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: C. W. Gitt and Wife 
(Cabool), $15; Emma E. Wyland (Carthage), 

$2.17, 17 17 

Ohio— $94.73 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Unknown donor (Dan- 
ville), $1; Sadie Moherman (Ashland), $1; 
Wm. Domer (Baltic), $20; Sarah A. Dupler 
(Jonathan Creek), $15.38; Indv.: Mary Shroy- 
er, $3 ; Louisa Burkhart, $5, 45 38 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Eld. O. P. Haines (M. 
N.) (Lima), 50c; Indv.: Samuel Leaman, 
$1.90; J. R. Spacht, $5, 7 40 

So. Dist., Cong.: W. Dayton, $15; Jesse 
K. Brumbaugh (West Milton), $2.40; Mrs. 
Sarah C. Johnston (Brookville), $1; Eli 
Niswonger (Pitsburg), $1.20; Indv.: Katie 
Beath, $2; W. C. Teeter, $1.20; Albert C. 
Lyday, $1.75; Levi Stoner, $15; W. H. Fol- 

kerth, $1.20; John H. Rinehart, $1.20, 4195 

Oklahoma— $11.20 

Cong.: Eld. Jacob Appleman (Thomas), 
$9; Mrs. J. W. Murrav (Ames), $1; Indv.: 

Wm. P. Bosserman, $1.20, 1120 

Oregon— $21.75 

Cong.: Portland, $14.25; Rev. J. U. G. 
Stiverson (M. N.) (Portland), 50c; S. 
Brewer (Myrtle Point), $2; Aid Society: 

Portland Ladies, $5, 21 75 

Pennsylvania — $645.61 

E. Dist., Cong.: Abram Fackler (Big 
Swatara), $1; Henry R. Gibbel (Lititz), $1.20; 
S. Frances Harner (Lancaster), $1.20; S. S. : 
Mingo, $25.20; Indv.: Fanny Yoder, $1; Na- 
than Martin (M. N.), $1, 30 60 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Jacob S. Hershberger 
(Everett), $2; Mary A. Kinsey (Dunnings 
Creek), $10; Marietta Brown (Woodbury), 
$3; T. T. Myers (Huntingdon), $1.50; Mrs. 
Samuel R. Snyder (New Enterprise), $3; 
John Snoberger (New Enterprise), $3; O. 
Perry Hoover (Huntingdon), $6; Jas. C. 
Wineland (Clover Creek), $1; Galen B. Rover 
(Huntingdon), $1.40; Mrs. Hannah Puter- 
baugh (Clover Creek), $5; J. F. Snyder (Ev- 
erett), $2; S. S. : "Shining Star" Class, 
Lewistown, $10; Indv. : Thomas Harden, $1, 48 90 

So. Dist., Cong. : Isaac S. Miller and 
Wife (Upper Conewago), $100; Chas. C. 
Brown (Hanover), $10; Helen Price (An- 


The Missionary Visitor 


tietam), $2.50; D. E. Brandt (Upper Cone- 

wago), $2; Indv.: Ellen S. Strauser, $1,.. 115 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Upper Dublin, $3.70; 
Parkerford, $152.14; Pottstown, $11.95; Ger- 
mantown, $203.12, 370 91 

W. Dist., Cong.: I. G. Miller (Rockwood), 
$1.20; Indv.: Francis F. Durr (M. N.), 50c; 
Sarah A. Johnson (deceased), $2; Samuel 
C. Johnson, $70; D. L. Miller, $6, 79 70 

Tennessee— $1.27 

Cong.: Mrs. L. C. Klepper (M. N.) (Niota), 
50c; Indv.: Mrs. G. C. Mottern, 77c, 127 

Virginia— $229.76 

E. Dist., Deputation of Hebron Seminary, 33 79 

First Dist., Cong.: T. S. Moherman (Dale- 
ville), $1.80; A. C. Riley (Cloverdale) $25; 
S. S.: Birthday Collection, Troutville, $18.75; 
Pleasant View (Chestnut Grove), $3.77, . . 49 32 

N. Dist., Cong.: Timberville, $75.30; Mt. 
Zion, $24.60; D. R. Miller (Harrisonburg), 
25c; S. C. Miller (Harrisonburg), $1; D. M. 
Good (Mill Creek), $2.50; P. S. Thomas 
(Harrisonburg), $3; Rena S. Miller (Har- 
risonburg), 50c; S. S. : Salem, $5; Indv.: 
Benj. Cline, 50c; Madison Kline, 50c; Mity- 
lene Dettra, $1.75; John H. Kline,, $5, .. 119 90 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: N. A. and Lydia Evers 
(Bridgewater), $1; John S. Flory (Bridge- 
water), $1.50; D. S. Thomas (Bridgewater), 
$1; S. Frank Cox (Bridgewater), 50c; John 
L. Driver (Bridgewater), $1; Mary S. Zim- 
merman (Bridgewtaer), $2.50; Jas. R. Ship- 
man (Bridgewater), $1.50; S. A. Garber 
(Lebanon), $1; Jacob H. Cline (Staunton), 
$1; Lucy E. Evers (Bridgewater), 25c; 
Samuel Garber (Bridgewater), $3; S. I. 
Stoner (Middle River), $3.70; Indv.: M. G. 
Sanger, $1; E. G. Wine, 25c; E. D. Kindig, 
$2; Mrs. P. J. Craun, 50c; Fannie A. Warn- 
pier, $1.10; Barbara A. Wampler, $1.10; S. 
N. Wine, 25c; A. B. Glick, 50c; S. T. Flick, 
$1; Bessie V. Wampler, $1.10, 26 75 

West Virginia— $10.00 

First Dist., Indv.: R. E. Reed, 10 00 

Total for the month $ 2,06105 

Total previously reported, 18,020 94 

Total for the year $20,08199 


Illinois— $776.00 

No. Dist., Students and Faculty of Beth- 
any Bible School, 776 00 

Indiana— $141.50 

Mid. Dist., Students and Faculty of Man- 
chester College, « 141 50 

Pennsylvania— $40.00 

E. Dist., Students and Faculty of Eliza- 
bethtown College, 30 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rev. H. Stover Kulp 
(First Philadelphia) 10 00 

Virginia— $56.50 

Sec. Dist., Students of Bridgewater Col- 
lege, 56 50 

Total for the month, $ 1,014 00 

Total previously reported, 4,399 24 

Total for the year, $ 5,413 24 


California— $43.50 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Boyle Heights 
Mission, $3.50; Glendora, $25; Covina Ladies, 
$15, 43 50 

Illinois— $70.00 

No. Dist., Aid Societies: Chippewa Valley, 
$5; Dixon, $10; Elgin, $30; Hickory Grove, 

$10; Yellow Creek, $15, 70 00 

Indiana— $25.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societiy: Salamonie, .. 25 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Libertyville, 5 00 

Kansas— $17.60 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies: Chapman 

Creek, $7.60; Holland Ladies, $10, 17 60 

Ohio— $115.00 

N. W. Dist., Aid Societies, 90 00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: Bradford, $5; 

Prices Creek, $10; West Milton, $10 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $10.00 

W. Dist., Aid Society: Ligonier, 10 00 

West Virginia— $50.00 

First Dist., Aid Societies, 50 00 

Total for the month $ 336 10 

Total previously reported, 7,528 12 

Total for the year, $ 7,864 22 

Kansas — $3.00 

N. E. Dist., Indv.: Daniel Rickenbach, .. 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 3 00 

Total previously reported, 12123 

Total for the year, $ 124 23 

(For World-Wide Missions) 
California— $664.23 

No. Dist., Cong.: Golden Gate, 16 16 

So. Dist., Cong.: Covina, $10; Egan, 

$30.34; La Verne, $607.73, 648 07 

Canada— $25.00 

Cong.: James Wellington (Redcliff Mis- 
sion), 25 00 

Colorado— $55.41 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Denver, 19 66 

W. Dist., Cong.: Fruita, $32.25; Rose 

Richardson (Fruita), $3.50, 35 75 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv. : Eld. J. E. Young and Family, . . 10 00 

Illinois— $542.30 

No. Dist., Cong.: Waddams Grove, $56; 
Bethany (Chicago), $4; Franklin Grove, 
$100; Wm. H. Lampin and Wife (Polo), $280; 
In memory of Bernice Wingert (Franklin 
Grove), $58.55; Aid Society: Elgin, $30, .. 528 55 

So. Dist., S. S.: Decatur, 13 75 

Indiana — $376.23 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $36; Pleas- 
ant Dale, $18.50; Ogans Creek, $3.35; Monti- 
cello, $4.60; Flora, $52.60; S. S. : Monti- 
cello, $10; Indv.: Boyd Bechellheimer, $5; 
Viola Priser, $1, 13105 

No. Dist., Cong.: Turkey Creek, $12.50; 
New Paris, $127; Middlebury, $20.19; Beth- 
any, $39.11; Mrs. Benj. Stone (Elkhart City), 
$20; S. S. : Turkey Creek, $24.38, 243 18 

So. Dist., Cong.: D. D. and Fannie Blick- 

enstaff (Anderson), 2 00 

Iowa— $82.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Cedar Rapids, 82 00 

Kansas — $51.64 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Ladies' Bible Class 
(Morrill) 6 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Maple Grove 15 64 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Eden Valley, $22; 
S. Ebbert and Wife (Eden Valley), $3; M. 

Keller and Wife (Larned), $5, 30 00 

Maryland— $339.95 

E. Dist., Cong.: Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 
$17.75; Pipe Creek, $15; Washington City, 
$10; W. B. and Emma J. Youndt (Meadow 
Branch), $100; S. S. : Fulton Ave., Balti- 
more, $56.52; Pipe Creek, $3.75 203 02 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $71.93; 
Samuel Reese and Family (Beaver Creek), 
$15, 86 93 

W. Dist., S. S.: Bear Creek, 50 00 

Michigan— $58.75 

Cong.: Thornapple, $27; Walter Kimmel 
(Thornapple), $25; E. G. Sellers (Onekama), 
$2; S. S.: Primary Dept., Beaverton, $4.75, 58 75 

Missouri — $46.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Abe Replogle (Osceola), 1 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


No. Dist., Cong.: No. St. Joseph, $12; Mrs. 
Emma Van Trump (Wakenda), $15; Aid 
Society: Rockingham Dorcas, $10 37 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Amos Shank and Wife 

(Carthage) 8 00 

Nebraska— $20.20 

Cong.: Afton, $10; Indv. : J. E. Nedrow 

and Wife, $10.20 20 20 

New Mexico— $24.43 

Cong. : Clovis, 24 43 

North Dakota— $5.00 

Aid Society: Berthold Helping Hand, .. 5 00 

Oklahoma— $2.61 

Cong.: Clyde Beckner (Big Creek), .... 2 61 

Ohio— $256.85 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Zion Hill, $45; Sister 
Buchwaltz (Wooster), $3; Martha J. S. 
Loomis (Mt. Zion), $5; W. M. Mohn and 
Family (Canton Center), $5; S. S. : Mission- 
ary Bible Class, Black River, $36.75; Class 
No. 2, Black River, $15; Willing Workers' 
Class, Hartville, $25; Intermediate Class, 
Hartville, $471; Hartville, $3.11; Indv.: John 
H. Basinger, $2 144 57 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Lick 
Creek 2 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sidney, $40.50; Ft. Mc- 
Kinley, $47.88; Harris Creek, $12.65; Julia 

A. Gilbert (Bradford), $1; S. S. : Primary 

Class, Castine (Prices Creek), $8.25, .... 110 28 
Oregon— $12.00 

Cong.: Albany, $5; Bandon, $7 12 00 

Pennsylvania— $2,237.69 

E. Dist., Cong.: Spring Grove, $14; 
Lititz, $10; Lake Ridge, $22.03; E. Fairview, 
$48.34; Elizabethtown, $247.76; William Bre- 
shore (Fredericksburg), $2; E. W. Wen* 
ger (Fredericksburg), $2; No. 56143 (Eliza- 
bethtown), $40; S. S.: E. Fairview, $50; 
Paxton (Big Swatara), $25; Bareville 
(Conestoga), $18.25; Lake Ridge, $12.40; 
The Andrew and Philip Bible Class (Lan- 
caster), $25 516 78 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Woodbury, $18.05; 
Huntingdon, $950; S. S. : " Christ's Friends " 
Class, Replogle (Woodbury), $12; Children's 
Dept., Fairview, $1.74, 981 79 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $3.25; Lost 
Creek, $22.16; Pleasant Hill, $78.55; Sugar 
Valley, $14; Upper Conewago, $2.50; John 
Plasser (Upper Conewago), $10; Mis. M. 

B. Dittmar (Carlisle), $2; A. E. Price (An- 
tietam), $10; S. S. : Birthday Box Fund, 
Browns Mill (Falling Spring), $10.14; " Will- 
ing Workers " Class, Eastville (Sugar Vak 
ley), $11; Mechanicsburg (Lower Cumber- 
land), $66.58, 230 18 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $21.15; Ger- 
mantown, $100.25; Norristown, $26.67; Par- 
kerford, $21.16; Wm. I. Book and Wife 
(First Phila.), $20; S. S. : Germantown, 
$87.15; Norristown, $78.79; First Phila., $62, 417 17 

W. Dist., Cong.: Meyersdale, $86.77; Con- 

emaugh (Johnstown), $5, 9177 

Tennessee— $56.40 

Cong.: Limestone 56 40 

Texas— $1.00 

Indv.: S. T. Davis 100 

Virginia— $154.48 

E. Dist., Cong.: Nokesville, $53.59; Xo. 
56363 (Madison), $20, 73 59 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. M. A. Riner 
(Chestnut Grove), 2 00 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Greenmount, $3; Pow- 
ells Fort, $4, 7 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Moscow (Elk Run), 
$2i I; Addison Crummit, Hiner (Vallev Beth- 
el), $10; J. W. and Elva Mav Hevener 
(Hevener), $10, 40 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Hill, $3.40; 
Laurel Branofc, $26.49; Indv.: Sarah T. 

Hylton, $2, 3189 

Washington— $30.12 

Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak), $1.50; 
C. W. S.: E. Wenatchee, $25.62; Indv.: 
James Wagoner and Wife, $3, 30 12 

West Virginia— $213.63 

First Dist., Cong.: Sandy Creek, $211.63; 
Indv.: Susan Harney, $2, 213 63 

Total for the month, $ 5,265 92 

Total previously reported, 30,589 67 

Total for the year $35,855 59 

Canada— $25.00 

Cong.: No. 56375 (Irricana), 25 00 

Illinois— $1.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Shannon Junior, 1 00 

Maryland— $18.50 

E. Dist., S. S. : Fulton Ave., Baltimore, 13 50 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Mary E. Ar- 
nold (Oakland), 5 00 

Ohio— $1.45 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Beginners' Class, Hart- 
ville, 145 

Oregon— $3.00 

Cong. : Portland, 3 00 

Pennsylvania — $11.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Shining Star" Class 
Lewistown, 10 00 

So. Dist., Indv.: J. N. Davis 1 00 

Tennessee — $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. D. T. Keebler, 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 61 95 

Total previously reported, 2,930 36 

Total for the year $2,992 31 

California— $20.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Gleaners' Class, First Los 

Angeles, 20 00 

Florida— $10.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young and Family, .. 10 00 

Indiana — $33.27 

No. Dist., S. S. : Guardian Class (Xo. Wi- 
nona Lake) 20 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Arcadia, 13 27 

Maryland— $85.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Edgewood, $5; Meadow 
Branch, $80, 85 00 

Total for the month, $ 148 27 

Total previously reported, 1,723 10 

Total for the year, $ 1,87137 


Colorado— $60.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Chas. Ullery (Ster- 
ling), 60 00 

Indiana— $82.40 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Old Sisters' Class, 
Flora, $28.65; Indv.: Ira W. Porter and 
Wife, $1, 29 65 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Turkey Creek, 8 75 

So. Dist., Cong.: Anna E. Wagoner (Fair- 
view), $35; C. W. S.: Pyrmont, $9, 44 00 

Iowa— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: So. Keokuk, 5 00 

Kansas— $6.67 

S. W. Dist., S. S. : Conway Springs, 6 67 

Ohio— $92.50 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Young Men's Class, 
Wooster, $25; Young Girls' Class, Wooster, 
$15, 40 00 

X. W. Dist., S. S.: Bellefontaine, $17.50; 
Junior, Intermediate and Primary Classes, 

$35, 52 50 

Oklahoma— $35.00 

Indv.: Jennie M. Garber, 35 00 

Oregon — 20c 

Cong.: Portland, 20 

Pennsylvania— $363.64 

E. Dist., S. S. : Hanoverdale (Big Swatara), 
$36; Mission Workers' Class, Lebanon 


The Missionary Visitor 


(Midway), $20; Lititz, $70; C. W. S. : In- 
dian Creek, $50, 176 00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Bible 
Class, First Altoona, $17.50; Leamersville, 
$30; Aid Society: Koontz, Snakespring, 

$35, 82 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Second York, 3100 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Phila, 10 00 

W. Dist., S. S. : Junior Class, Purchase 
Line (Manor), $19.55; Primary and Begin- 
ner's Classes, Purchase Line (Manor), 
$14.59; Aid Society: Meyersdale Sisters, 
$30, 64 14 

Total for the month, $ 645 41 

Total previously reported, 2,47165 

Total for the year $ 3,117 06 


California— $21.44 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Golden Gate, 6 44 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. B. Emmert and Fami- 
ly (La Verne), 15 00 

Illinois— $82.68 

No. Dist., S. S. : Douglas Park (Chica- 
go), $32.68; Primary Dept., Hastings St. 
Mission (Chicago), $25; Ladies' Div. of 
Mustard Seed Class, Milledgeville, $25, . . 82 68 

Kansas— $50.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Onward Circle Class, 
Sabetha 50 00 

Mary land— $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S. : Junior Class of Girls, Pipe 
Creek, 50 00 

Michigan— $12.50 

Cong.: C. M. and Olive N. Mote (Beaver- 
ton), 12 50 

Minnesota— $12.50 

S. S. : Elementary Dept., Monticello, 12 50 

Nebraska— $25.00 

S. S. : Beatrice, 25 00 

Ohio— $22.50 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Sarah and Nancy 
Smith (Swan Creek), $10; S. S. : Primary 
Classes, Pleasant View, $12.50, :. 22 50 

Oregon— $50.00 

Aid Society: Portland, $25; C. W. S. : 
Portland, $25, 50 00 

Pennsylvania — $610.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Hatfield, $35; W. A. 
Withers (Elizabethtown), $50; No. 56143 
(Elizabethtown), $100; S. S. : Mechanic 
Grove, $25 210 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Delia A. Bechtel 
(Huntingdon), 50 00 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: Endeavor Class, First 
Phila., $25; Help One Another Class, First 
Phila., $25; Grater Missionary Class, Nor- 
ristown, $25, 75 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Annie E. Koontz 
(Quemahoning), $50; Loyal Men's Class, 
Rummel, $100; Golden Rule Class, Maple 
Spring (Quemahoning), $50; Sunshine Class, 
Maple Spring (Quemahoning), $50; C. W. S. : 

Meyersdale Adult, $25, 275 00 

Texas— $12.50 

S. S.: Manvel 12 50 

Virginia— $81.25 

First Dist., S. S.: Adult Ladies' Bible 
Class, Cloverdale, 50 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' Class, 
Mill Creek, 6 25 

Sec. Dist., Aid Society: Summit Sisters, 25 00 
West Virginia— $12.50 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Beans Chapel, 12 50 

Wisconsin— $12.50 

Cong. : O. L. Harley (White Rapids), . . 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 1,055 37 

Total previously reported, 4,962 47 

Total for the year $ 6,017 84 

California— $5.00 

So. Dist., Aid Society: Covina 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 5 00 

Total previously reported, 161 00 

Total for the year, $ 166 00 

Iowa— $1.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. S. P. Miller, 1 00 

Oregon— $9.57 

Cong. : Portland, 9 57 

Pennsylvania— $10.00 

E. Dist., Aid Society: E. Fairview Sis- 
ters 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 20 57 

Total previously reported, 62 13 

Total for the year, $ 82 70 

Indiana— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Ira W. Porter and 
Wife 100 

Total for the month, $ 1 00 

Total previously reported, 3100 

Total for the year, $ 32 00 

Canada— $25.00 

Cong. : No. 56375, Irricana, 25 00 

Illinois — $5.00 

Cong.: Lydia Bricknel (Rockford), 5 00 

Indiana— $4.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: J. B. Himes (Indianap- 
olis, 4 00 

Michigan— $4.50 

Cong. : Lake View, 4 50 

Pennsylvania— $320.67 

So. Dist., Cong.: Falling Spring, $5.67; 
Upton (Back Creek), $310, 315 67 

S. E. Dist., Aid Society: Upper Dublin 
Sisters, 5 00 

Virginia— $13.86 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater 13 86 

Total for the month, $ 373 03 

Total previously reported, 2,53159 

Total for the year, $ 2,904 62 


Calif orn ia— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Inglewood, 10 00 

Indiana— $42.53 

No. Dist., S. S. : Lightbearers' Class, 
Oak' Grove, $17.53; Winners' Class, No. 

Winona, $25, 42 53 

Iowa— $37.50 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Gleaners' Class, Dallas 

Center, 37 50 

Kansas— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S. : Overbrook, 30 00 

Virginia— $30.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Young Men's Bible 
Class, Cloverdale, 30 00 

Total for the month, $ 150 03 

Total previously reported, 1,040 47 

Total for the year, $ 1,190 50 

Indiana— $5.25 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bright Lights Class, 
Anderson, 5 25 

Iowa— $5.84 

Mid. Dist., S. S;: Primary Dept., Cedar 
Rapids, 5 84 


The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon— $2.56 

S. S. : Myrtle Point, 2 50 

Pennsylvania— $15.50 
So. Dist., S. S.: Second York 15 50 

Total for the month, $ 29 09 

Total previously reported, 373 40 

Total for the year $ 402 49 

Illinois— $22.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Harvey Mote, 22 00 

Indiana— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Ira W. Porter and 
Wife i oo 

Oregon— $4.50 

S. S.: Myrtle Point, $2.50; Indv.: Mrs. 
C. G. Burk, $2, 4 50 

Pennsylvania— $15.50 

So. Dist., Sec. York, 15 50 

Total for the month $ 43 00 

Total previously reported, 445 71 

Total for the year, $ 488 71 

California — $11.44 

No. Dist., S. S. : Community Helpers' 
Class, McFarland, $5; C. W. S.: Golden 
Gate, $6.44, H 44 

Illinois— $13.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Cora Clingingsmith, .. 13 00 

Indiana — $81.25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ira E. Long and Fam- 
ily (Andrews), $50; C. W. S. : Markle, $18.75, 68 75 

So. Dist., Cong.: S. S. : Shining Star 

Class, White Branch (Nettle Creek), 12 50 

Kansas— $75.00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Onward Circle Class, 
Sabetha 50 00 

S. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Newton, 25 00 

North Dakota— $6.25 

S. S. : Banner Class, Surrey, 6 25 

Ohio— $35.06 

So. Dist., S. S.: Loyalty Class, \V. Mil- 
ton, $20; Aid Society: Eversole, $15, 35 00 

Pennsylvania— $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Andrew and Philip Bible 

Class, Lancaster 50 00 

Virginia— $12.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: Up-Streamers' Class, Oak- 
ton (Fairfax), 12 00 

Wisconsin— $12.50 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), 12 50 

Total for the month, $ 296 44 

Total previously reported 1,490 66 

Total for the year, $ 1,787 10 


Indiana— $20.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ida A. Brubaker (Man- 
chester), 20 00 

Total for the month, '. $ 20 00 

Total previously reported, 230 45 

Total for the year, $ 250 45 


Indiana— $10.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: A departed Sis- 
ter of Middlebury 10 00 

Total for the month, $ 10 00 

Total previously reported, 94 48 

Total for the year, $ 104 48 

Indiana— $27.71 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, 27 71 

Total for the month $ 27 71 

Total previously reported, ... 68 00 

Total for the year, $ 95 71 


Pennsylvania— $56.00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' Bible 
Class, Moxham, 50 00 

Total for the month $ 50 00 

Total previously reported 50 00 

Total for the year $ 100 00 

Arizona— $25.78 

Cong. : Phoenix, 25 78 

Colorado— $15.50 

*,Yin ? iS o-' Con S-- First Grand Valley, 
$11.50; S. S. : 5th Sun. Collection and Birth- 
day Offering, Grand Jet., $4, 1550 

Florida— $5.00 

Indv.: Eld. J. E. Young and Family, 5 00 

Indiana— $67.41 

No. Dist., Cong.: New Salem, $9; S. S: 
Primary Classes, 2, 3 and 4, Yellow Creek, 
$43.41; Rock Run, $10; Indv.: Farrell C 

Stouder and Wife, $5, 6741 

Kansas — $59.10 

N E. Dist., S. S.: Navarre, $38.15; Loyal 
Workers' Class, Navarre, $15.95, 54 10 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Garden City, .'.'.'.'.'. 5 00 

Maryland— $176.04 

E. Dist., Cong.: Beaverdam, $39.04; S. 
b: Pipe Creek, $15; Indv.: A Sister of 
Monrovia, $2, 56 04 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant View, "$65"; 
Willing Workers' Class, Pleasant View 
$30; Men's Bible Class, Pleasant View, $25,' 120 00 
Minnesota — $2.06 

Indv.: Mrs. Melissa Longhenry 2 00 

Missouri — $26.66 

No. Dist., Cong.: Smith Fork 26 00 

Ohio— $5.00 

So. Dist., S. S. : Constance, 5 00 

Oregon— $12.00 

Newberg, 12 qo 

Pennsylvania— $619.37 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, $41.21; 
Conestoga, $58.73; Mingo, $62.63; Big 
Swatara, $78.12; S. S. : Mingo, $8.50; Glean- 
ers' Class, Akron, $15.00; East Fairview, 
$38.64; Midway, $30; Lancaster, $33 93- 
Spring Creek, $39.68; Anchor Class, Spring 
Creek, $5; Primary Dept., Spring Creek, 
$20; Anchor Class, Spring Creek, $5; Sha- 
mokin, $1 437 44 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Juniata Park, $20.81; 
Claar (Queen), $12, 32 Zl 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chambersburg, $7 42- 
Isaac S. Miller and Wife (Upper Conewa- 
go), $50; S. S. : Hanover, $5.50, 62 92 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Parker Ford, $30; S. 
S.: Parker Ford, $25; First Phila., $31.20, 86 20 
Virginia— $65.55 

E. Dist., Cong.: Trevilian, $34.70; S. S" 
Nokesville, $15.30; Drainville (Fairfax, 
$13.35, 63 35 

So. Dist., Cong.: Coulson, 2 20 

Washington— $41.50 

S. S.: E. Wenatchee, $25; C. W. S. : E. 
Wenatchee, $16.50 41 50 

Total for the month $ 1,120 25 

Total previously reported, l' 565 02 

Total for the year, $ 2,685 27 


The Missionary Visitor 



California— $10.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: V. Garber Cole (La 

Verne), 10 00 

Idaho— $53.22 

Cong. : Clearwater, 53 22 

Illinois— $29.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: W. Branch, 29 00 

Indiana— $152.93 , 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant Dale, $29.51; 
A Sister (Peru), $10; J. Ray Emley and 
Wife (Sugar Creek), $10; S. S. : Bachelor 
Run, $55.92, , 105 43 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. Winona 25 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: F. A. Replogle (New 
Bethel), $10; S. S. : New Bethel, $12; Indv.: 

R. M. Arndt, 50c, •• 22 50 

Iowa— $10.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. L. H. Slifer (Grun- 
dy Co.), 10 00 

Maryland— $20.75 

E. Dist., S. S. : Junior S. S. class and 
teacher, Rocky Ridge, $15; A Class of Gross- 

nickle, $5.75, 20 75 

Oklahoma— $10.00 

Indv.: Jennie M. Garber, 10 00 

Pennsylvania— $139.92 

So. Dist., S. S.: Piney Creek, $26.13; Up- 
per Cumberland, $6.84, 32 97 

S. E. Dist., S. S.: First Phila 13 70 

W. Dist., Cong.: Windber, 93 25 

Tennessee— $2.25 

Indv.: Mrs. S. H. Beckner 2 25 

Virginia— $74.68 

First Dist., Cong.: Troutville; S. S. : 
Young Men's Bible Class, Cloverdale, 
$28.50, 69 68 

E. Dist., Indv.: R. A. Heddings 5 00 

Washington— $13.37 

Cong.: Wenatchee City, 13 37 

Wisconsin — $45.00 

Cong.: J. M. Fruit, Ash Ridge 45 00 

Total for the month $ 561 12 

Total previously reported 1,006 07 

Total for the year, $ 1,567 19 


California— $89.35 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 56515 (Lindsay), $25; 
S. S.: Birthday Offerings, Laton, $16; 
Indv.: Isaac S. Metzger, $45, 86 00 

So. Dist., S. S. : A Class of Covina, 3 35 

Colorado— $100.00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Rocky Ford, 100 00 

Illinois— $116.20 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $17.04; 
Polo, $57.30; S. S. : Mustard Seed Class, 
Milledgeville, $26.86; Aid Society: Frank- 
lin Grove, $15, 116 20 

Indiana— $169.60 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Manchester, $55; Indv.: 
Marie Shively, $10, 65 00. 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Center Ladies, 30 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Summitville), 

$40.20; S. S.: Pyrmont, $34.40, 74 60 

Iowa— $29.95 

So. Dist., Cong.: So. Keokuk Cong, and 

Friends 29 95 

Kansas— $4.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: E. Maple Grove, 4 00 

Maryland— $34.38 

E. Dist., Cong.: Christian Krabill (Den- 
ton), 10 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mercersburg (Welsh 
Run), $17.38; Amanda Ausherman (Pleasant 

View), $7 24 38 

Minnesota — 25c 

Indv.: Mrs. A. L. Montz, 25 

Missouri— $35.50 

No. Dist., S. S. : Pleasant Grove, 30 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: C. W. Gitt and Wife 

(Cabool), 5 00 

Nebraska— $104.14 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, 104 14 

Ohio— $68.40 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Sister Buchwaltz 
(Wooster), 10 00 

N. W. Dist., Indv.: Maria Zellner, .... 100 

So. Dist., Cong.: Beaver Creek, $21.75; 
Beech Grove, $13.65; S. S. : Bear Creek, 

$22, 57 40 

Oklahoma— $25.00 

Cong.: No. 56503 (Thomas), 25 00 

Pennsylvania— $883.14 

E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabethtown, $53; Mid- 
way, $38; Richland, $154.58; Indian Creek, 
$166.31; S. S.: Lansdale (Hatfield), $91.75; 
Hatfield, $109; Gleaners' Class, Akron, $10; 
Mingo, $8.50; Aid Society: Richland Sisters, 
$10 641 14 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Hannah Puder- 
baugh (Clover Creek), $4; No. 1022 (Clover 
Creek), $5; Curryville (Woodbury), $12; 
Mrs. Rebecca Falkner, Koontz (Snake- 
spring), $1; Koontz (Snakespring), $15, .. 37 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Upper Conewago, $70; 
Indv.: D. B. Keeny, $60, 130 00 

W. Dist., S. S.: Willing Workers' Class, 
Mt. Joy (Jacobs Creek), $10; Rayman 

(Brothersvalley), $50; Rockton, $15 75 00 

South Carolina— $5.00 

Cong.: Mary Smawley (Mill Creek), 5 00 

Tennessee — $4.00 

Indv.: Mrs. D. T. Keebler, 4 00 

Virginia— $114.90 

E. Dist., Cong.: Trevilian, $34.75; S. S. : 
Midland, $7.02, , 41 77 

No. Dist., Cong.: Cooks Creek, $63.13; 
Indv.: Rebecca and Samuel H. Casadv, 

$10 73 13 

Washington— $112.55 

Cong.: Wenatchee, $67.05; S. S. : Utopian 
Bible Class, Seattle, $8.50; C. W. S. : Wen- 
atchee, $30; Seattle, $5; Indv.: James Wag- 
oner and Wife, $2, 112 55 

West Virginia— $3.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Mrs. D. M. Shoe- 
maker (White Pine), 3 00 

Wisconsin— $45.00 

Cong. : J. M. Fruit (Ash Ridge), 45 00 

Total for the month, $ 1,944 36 

Total previously reported, 909 92 

Total for the year, $ 2,854 28 

Illinois— $1.00 

No. Dist., Cong. : Lydia Bricknel (Rock- 
ford), 1 00 

Total for the month, $ 100 

Total previously reported 464 23 

Total for the year, $ 465 23 

Maryland— $1.50 

E. Dist., Cong. : Mary E. Bixler (Meadow 

Branch), 1 50 

Michigan— $100.00 

Cong.: C. M. Mote and Wife (Beaver- 
ton) 100 00 

Missouri— $1.50 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: No. 56277, 1 50 

Total for the month, $ 103 00 

Total previously reported, 137 00 

Total for the year, $ 240 00 

Maryland— $13.50 

E. Dist., S. S. : Fulton Ave., Bait., 13 50 

Total for the month, 13 50 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 13 50 

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** H. C. EARLY, President. 
++ OTHO WINGER, Vice-President 
** CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 


H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Elgin, 111. 
J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa 









-H. SPENSER MINNICIT, Missionary Educa- 
tional Secretary, Editor Missionary Visitor. 
M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 




Clasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Eshensen, Niels 

•Esbensen, Christine 
Friisgatan No. 1 
Malmb, Sweden 

Grayliill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Buckingham, Ida 


P ? ng Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna V. 
Bright, J. Homer 
Bright, Minnie F. 
Crum packer, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Flory, Edna R. 
Horning, Emma 
Metzger, Minerva 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oherholtzer, Elizabeth W. 
Rider, Bessie M. 
Shock, Laura J. 
Sollenberger, 6. C. 
Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 
Vaniman, Ernest D. 
Vaniman, Susie C. 
Warn pier, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School 
Pekin, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

BlickenstafT, Miles 

Blickenstaff, Erma 

Coffman, Dr. Carl 

CofTman, Feme If. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Cline, Mary E. 
Cripe, Winnie E. 
Horning, Dr. D. L. 
Horning, Martha Daggett 
Hutchison, Anna 
Miller, Valley 
Pollock, Myrtle 
Seese, Norman A. 
Seese, Anna 
Senger, Nettie M. 
Wampler, Ernest M. 
Wampler, Vida A. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 

Heisey, Walter J. 

Heisey, Sue R. 

Schaeffer, Mary 

Smith, W. Harlan 

Smith, Frances Sheller 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. 
C. A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M. 

Myers, Sara Z. 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning 
Canton, Ch'na 

*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 

Flory, Raymond C, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Deta'ned beyond furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G., 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 
North Manchester, Ind. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. II. 

Eby, Emma II. 

Hoffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Shickel, Elsie 

Shumaker, Ida 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
Dahanu, Thana D.'st., India 

Alley, Howard L. 

Alley. Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Rover, B. Marv 

Shull, Chalmer G. 

Shull, Mary S. 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 


Forney, Anna M. 
Replogle, Sara G. 

Vada, Thana Dist., 
Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Kaylor, John I. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, II. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 

Post: Umajla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Holsopple, Q. A. 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 

Miller, Sadie J. 

Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Mow, Anetta 
Summer, Benjamin F. 
Widdowson, Olive * 

On Furlough 

Arnold S. Ira, McPherson, 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Long, Effie V., Bridgewa- 
ter, Va. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M . 
Monticello. Minn. 

Powell, Josephine, Aurora, 

Ross. A. W.. No. Man- 
chester, Ind., care of 

Ross, Flora X.. No. Man 
Chester. Ind., care of 

Detained beyond furlough 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R„ 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 

Eby. Anna M., Trotwood, 

Pittenger, J. M. f Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill, Ohio 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 

Swartz, Goldie E., Ash- 
land, Ohio 

















Please Notice— Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fraction J^T 

tx thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 

4»-J« * Native workers trained in America. ♦$•»$» 

♦*»♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦»»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦»» 


All over the Brotherhood are showing a wonderful missionary spirit. 
They desire to help and would like some method by which they can keep 
informed as to the progress of their work. The support of individual 
pupils and native workers causes an excess of correspondence on the 
part of the missionary. Because of this condition mission supporters are 


a better method called the Share Plan. The contributor can subscribe 
for a share of any amount above $25.00. A neat certificate is issued with 
each share, and quarterly reports are sent from the station where the 
money is used. More than 280 shares have been issued. The Lord will 


all who contribute freely of their possessions that the children in foreign 
lands may know Jesus. Information concerning the plan will be cheer- 
fully given by 

General Mission. Board 

Elgiiv Illinois 


Q J 

( H 

z. * 

< o 

> o 


CO t-» 


z; cm 

t-5 r- 

With Williams Our Secretary 

■■ 'mm- . 



The great Christian ideals exemplified in 
the lives of the early apostles are known to us 
because a record of their acts has been pre- 
served in printed form. 

The story of Brother Williams' life will be 
to the young people of our church what Carey 
and Livingstone have meant to young people 
the world over. 

More than 2500 sold already. 

Written by the editor of our Sunday-school 

Well bound in dark blue cloth with Brother 
Williams' portrait as frontispiece. 

(Zeneral Mission. Board 


Elgirv. Illinois 


Churcli-of the 'Brethren 



Suffer the Little Children to Come 


For Children 

Mook, True Tales of a Chinese Boy, by Sites 50 

Stay at Home Journeys, by Osborne 60 

Lamp Lighters Across the Sea, by Applegarth 60 

Fez and Turban Tales, by Blake 75 

For Juniors and Intermediates 

Frank Higgi-ns, the Trail Blazer, by Whittles 75 

Red, Yellow and Black, by Fahs ■ 75 

Fifty Missionary Heroes Every Boy and Girl should Know, by 

Johnson 1.25 

The Book of Missionary Heroes, by Matthews 1.50 

For Young and Old 

With Williams Our Secretary, by Miller 1.00 

The Moffats, by Hubbard 75 

Ann of Ava, by Hubbard 75 

A Better World, by Dennett 1.50 

The Bishop's Conversion, by Maxwell 1.50 

Stewardship Books 

Enduring Investments, by Babson 1.50 

The New Christian, by Cushman 50 

Money, the Acid Test, by McConaughy 75 

Program Material 

Missionary Programs 35 

Making Missions Real, by Stowell 75 

Five Missionary Minutes, by Trull 75 

These Books Sent Postpaid 



♦>♦♦ »♦♦»» ♦ * * tt , i? ha ** ♦•♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦♦♦ *jt mii * * ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ +♦♦ 

All over the Brotherhood are showing a wonderful missionary spirit. 
They desire to help and would like some method by which they can keep 
informed as to the progress of their work. The support of individual 
pupils and native workers causes an excess of correspondence on the 
part of the missionary. Because of this condition mission supporters are 


a better method called the Share Plan. The contributor can subscribe 
for a share of any amount above $25.00. A neat certificate is issued with 
each share, and quarterly reports are sent from the station where the 
money is used. More than 280 shares have been issued. The Lord will 


all who contribute freely of their possessions that the children in foreign 
lands may know Jesus. Information concerning the plan will be cheer- 
fully given by 

General Mi-ssion. Board 


Elgin., Illinois 

»+♦♦ ♦ ♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦*♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦♦ ♦♦»♦♦♦♦♦+ 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIV APRIL, 1922 No. 4 



The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. All ministers' subscriptions are now being entered 
to expire December, 1923, when they should renew their request for the Visitor. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3. 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 

Contents for April, 1922 



Qualifications for an Efficient Missionary, By C. D. B., 100 

Budgets and Apportionments, By Chas. D. Bonsack, 100 

Reconstruction and the Volunteer, By George Griffith", 101 

Our Foreign Purpose, By W. M. Beahm, 102 

Why I Am a Volunteer, By H. L. Burke, 103 

Notes From the Student Volunteers, 104 

Ermal McGaffey Blickenstaff, By Roy A. Crist, 108 

India Notes for January, By Sara G. Replogle, 109 

China Notes for January, By Anna Crumpacker, 109 

Unkel Willum Thinks Sum Folks Queer, 112 

Special Prize Contests by Dress Reform Committee, 112 


Report of Illinois Conference for Home Missions, By John F. Graham, 113 


From Our Daily Mail, 116 

China Thanks Vacation Bible Schools, By Emma Horning, 117 

Our Book Department, 119 

General Missionary News, 119 


By the Evening Lamp, 121 

The " Stayer," 122 

How Pennies Grow, 1Z4 


The Missionary Visitor 



Come and Go 

" The most hopeful thing for the future 
of our country would be the. sight of thou- 
sands upon thousands .of our young men 
standing at the altar of Christ's church in 
answer to the inviting ' Come,' and then 
starting out to bring in God's kingdom of 
righteousness in response to the command- 
ing ' Go.' " 

We quote, this from Bishop Edwin H. 
Hughes' article in the March issue of Asso- 
ciation Men, " Come " and " Go." These 
are the two verbs of the Christian life. 
Christ said " Come " to the children, to the 
rich young ruler, to the sick and weary. 
Jesus called the disciples; he said "Come" 
and he would make them fishers of men. 
In Matt 28: 19 he says "Go," but he did 
not drive them from him, for he said, " I 
am with you always." 

In all efforts made, by the Christian 
church these two verbs must be kept alive. 
If we say only " Come," we make the 
church a refuge for selfishness. Members 
of such a haven never become skilled work- 
men, and like those failing to exercise in 
their profession, forget their skill. If we 
say only " Go," the church is a buzzing 
machine that does nothing but make a 
noise, and eventually only the. faint echo of 
previous activity can be" heard above the 
turmoil of the world. 

Entry into the church is not the con- 
summation of salvation, but the beginning 
of active service. And yet it is the true 
beginning. The depth and breadth of our 
service is measured by the intimacy with 
him who saves and commissions us. We 
must " come " near ere we can " go " far. 
It is not strange that the church furnishes 
90 per cent of the social workers. Few but 
those who have " come " feel impelled to 
enter the lives of poor, dirty, sick, wretched 

The church is the only institution that 
ever understood rightly the proportionate 
worth of the verbs " go " and " come." Even 
the church has at times grown zealous in 
the use of the. one, to the sad neglect of the 
other. Even today we are made aware that 
some, neglecting the " come," seek to do the 

" go." Others, feeling safety in the " come," 
do not see clearly the " go." Each of these 
regrets the state of the other, until even 
their controversy is deplorable. 

Can a man really become good unless 
he does good to others? In spite of good 
food, nourishing your body, can it be strong 
without exercise? We really wonder if one 
professing to have " come " has really done 
so unless he feels the urge in his soul to 
" go." 

The young men of our country had little 
interest in joining the army when there was 
no opportunity to be used in real service. 
When the call came to " come " in order 
that they might " go," there was a general 
forsaking of schools, factories and of po- 
sitions where the salaries were increasing. 

The church is the recruiting organization 
for the kingdom. May we hear the continued 
news of , those who, having heard the 
" Come," accepted it and went forth, full of 
savor, to be the salt of the earth. 

Easy to Get In, Hard to Get Out, 

or Hard to Get In, Easy to Get Out: Which? 

Do we want it easy or hard for folks to 
get into the church? Do we want it easy 
or hard for them to get out of the church? 
How is it at your church? A soul is not only 
worth winning for Christ, but it is worth 
winning for Christ's church. The. work isn't 
done when the man accepts Christ, nor 
when he unites with the church, or even 
begins to attend the church services. Our 
churches are not judged by the number of 
members on the roll. In a certain city 
there are two Sunday-schools. The one 
with two hundred members has a much 
better reputation than the. neighboring 
church with one thousand on the roll. They 
are not judged by the size, but rather by 
the quality of the output. Should it be easy 
for folks to get into the church? Yes and 
no. Indeed, the doors of the kingdom swing 
open wide and all may enter. Church mem- 
bership in some cases is regarded so lightly 
that almost anybody can join as a bef ore- 
breakfast matter. That certainly is easy 
enough. Again, entrance to the church is 
made so laborious and uninviting that it is 


The Missionary Visitor 


exceedingly difficult. As usual the happy 
medium seems about right. We would have 
it easy to get into the church, keeping in 
mind that coming into the church is not 
analogous to joining a social club. The life- 
less condition in many churches was caused 
by accepting as members those without real 
conviction and conception of the meaning 
of church membership. We should make 
church membership consistent with the 
ideals of Christ. 

If it should be easy to get in, it ought 
then to be hard to get out? No, we do 
not want to keep in any who desire to 
leave, but why should any wish to do that? 
Therein is our challenge. The claim of 
Christ should so thrill, so inspire as to en- 
list the best in every member of the church, 
so that even to think of going out would 
be death. One preacher has his church and 
home always full of young men and women. 
Why? Because he puts high and noble 
ideals (which he lives himself) before the 
young. He does not ask them to be good, 
nor how they liked his sermon, but it is 
typical of him to tap one of his young men 
on the shoulder and say, " How can we get 
hold of Arthur Brown? What can you do 
to help me reach William Green?" Or he 
would say to Walter, " Henry is going 
astray. He is not interested in the Sun- 
day-school. He is going with the wrong 
crowd. We must get hold of him. How 
can we do it?" All unconsciously the pastor 
is getting Walter who, himself, needs re- 
newed interest, into a healthful state of 
mind. They not only win Henry but in- 
crease the warmth of Walter. This pastor 
is making it hard for Walter, Henry and all 
his young people to leave the church. It is 
not accidental that this is a live, growing and 
serving church. To put what we mean in 
the inimitable words of Dr. John Timothy 
Stone we should say, " Keep the front door 
open but close the back door." 

" Sure, boss, I'se a Christun " 

This was the emphatic reply the editor re- 
ceived from a colored brakeman. I was 
traveling over the Wabash railroad out of 
Chicago, and my attention was attracted to 
the diligent efforts of the brakeman for the 
comfort of the passengers. Xo sooner were 
we started than he went through the train, 

adjusting the foot rests for the passengers. 
It was a dusty day, and I think he wiped 
the dust off my window sill no less than 
four times on the four-hour ride. He car- 
ried the parcels of old women and mothers, 
and one could not help but notice him. I 
felt certain he was a Christian, and so made 
bold to talk with him. I s-aid, " I have been 
noticing you about your work and just 
wonder if I am mistaken in thinking you 
are a Christian." To my question came the 
quick response, " No, boss, I'se a Christun. 
I go to our neighborhood church in 
Chicago. On Wednesday evening of one 
week I go to prayer meeting in Chicago, 
and the next Wednesday I go in St. Louis. 
On Sunday evenings I am on my train, but 
can go to church on Sunday mornings." 
Then he. was off to his work again, and I 
concluded that here was another evidence 
of the thing I already believed, that being 
a Christian does make a difference in our 
work. m v 

Teaching Stewardship in the Sunday-school 

When a man has grown old, learning a 
new thing is difficult and even if he learns 
something new his years for the use of the 
new learning are so few. Everybody recog- 
nizes childhood as the proper time for 
learning. The great majority of new re- 
cruits for Christ come from the children. 
It is not so difficult for a child to learn and 
practice stewardship, but quite difficult for 
a man above forty to learn to be a steward 
to the Lord of the cattle from the thousand 
hills. A good brother, of most splendid 
qualifications, came into the church at forty- 
five. I believe he is conscientious, for he 
seems to try to understand the Scriptures 
and live up to them, but to actually put 
himself on the basis of stewardship or to 
practice tithing is apparently quite be- 
yond his range of thinking. We do not 
condemn him so much as we pity and feel 
sorry that he could not have learned this 
when a child. If this instance is typical of 
the exact facts it is a challenge to all Sun- 
day-school workers to teach stewardship 
to the children while their minds are yet 
impressionable. For some definite mission- 
ary work that children can do the " Share 
Plan " is a well approved method. W T rite 
the Board concerning it. 


The Missionary Visitor 



1. An abiding conviction that Christ is the Lord of life and grace and in him 
alone there is salvation. 

2. A faith in the ever increasing power of this personal salvation through 
Christ to the blessing of all the nations. 

3. They need the consciousness that in this service they are in the will of 
God for their life work, however the call may have come. 

4. A personal initiative that finds the best way of doing a needed task and 
the best use of others in the spirit of joyful comradeship. 

5. A discriminating judgment that can always determine between the main 
thing and side issues and does not wander into doubtful paths. 

6. An adaptation that oils human contacts with love, however annoying, and 
makes divine grace the inspiration for life, fellowship and service. 

7. The capacity and will to learn from the natives, that they may be under- 
stood and that their faith and initiative may be developed into a self-propagating 

8. The best possible preparation, which includes a knowledge of God and 
his will and of humanity with all its needs and possibilities; for it is the largest 
possible service to mankind. 

9. A training that fits one for some definite service in the program of re- 
demption and the building of the Christian community, but enables us to cheer- 
fully take hold anywhere where there is need. 

10. A faith that includes the infinity of God and the power of Christ; a 
character that is steady and strong; a common sense that abounds for the triumph 
of the CaUse and a passion for the salvation of men that finds the way to win 
them for Christ. C. D. B. 

Budgets and Apportionments 

Acting Secretary, General Mission Board 

ONE sometimes wishes that we could 
dispense with the material matters 
of religion. How delightful it would 
be always to bask in the glories of divine 
grace; neither to worry about food nor 
apparatus, but just to think, pray and love — 
to yourself alone — and leave the rest! 
But would it be as good as we think? Of 
course not. 

It is strange that we are constantly 
avoiding the material in religion, while in 
every other relation of life we are wor- 
shiping it. Devoted hearts, in building 
a home, are not satisfied until their love is 
reenforced by furniture and comforts 
through which they express their devotion. 
Parents, whose love would yield life it- 
self for their children, must express that 
love in material provision for their own. 
So also in our Christian faith. While it is 
a spiritual impulse within — born from above 
— it must have material expression in the 

most human ways, while we abide in the 
flesh. To deny or avoid this fact is to take 
the very secret of happiness and the flow- 
er of faith out of our religious experience, 
for when we know, we can only be happy 
when we do! 

So there is more joy in budgets than we 
ever dreamed of — but only to those that 
share them zealously. To get the greatest 
joy, however, this participation must be 
most willing and hearty. For this reason, 
the Forward Movement department, which 
is somewhat responsible for the budget for 
the general needs of the Church of the 
Brethren, is suggesting this year the self- 
apportioning idea to the local churches. 
As long as any congregation unwillingly 
shares in these missionary activities of the 
church, it cannot know the joy of service 
and cooperation. 

The Movement, through the counsel of 
District Boards and workers, has tried to 


The Missionary Visitor 


make a fair estimate of the proportionate 
share of each congregation, as a matter of 
information in cultivating the field; yet un- 
intentionally this may be unjust, because of 
lack of knowledge, and no congregation 
should accept it as limiting its own good- 
ness, or demanding the full measure of the 
suggestion. We want you to make your 
own apportionment. The quotas created 
by our effort we had intended to give to no 
one, but so many of the congregations re- 
quest it that we will do so, except where we 
believe that it might hinder the better co- 
operation and good fellowship of the Lord's 

This information will be sent out to the 

local directors in each church. The congre- 
gations will be guided by their own wis- 
dom in the best use of it. We must culti- 
vate more and more the initiative, rights 
and responsibility of the local church. This 
is the only reason we prefer that you make 
your own quota. Our suggestions are only 
advisory and suggestive from the viewpoint 
of the whole Brotherhood. We are not 
close enough to see the real conditions of 
the local community. We can only help 
and try to reach the point where we will 
bear each other's burdens in all fairness 
and encourage each other zealously to do 
our part to reach the " regions beyond " 
with the Gospel. 

Reconstruction and the Volunteer 

President United Student Volunteers 

" To everything there is a season, and a time 
to every purpose under the heaven." — Eccles. 3: 1. 

TRUE it is that nations are born, torn 
asunder and decay, and more so 
today than ever before. We see 
the young nations of Europe, India rest- 
less under the leadership of Gandhi, Russia 
in turmoil, the whole world unsettled, and 
we feel led to throw our lives into the 
breach that by the power of Christ order 
might come out of chaos. But allow me 
to turn from this world view to the posi- 
tion of our church and try to see what you 
and I as Volunteers are able to do toward 

The church, under a high and noble im- 
pulse, has taken up foreign missionary work 
with an incomparable zeal. During the 
last quarter century our work abroad has 
grown by leaps and bounds, for which we 
praise God only. 

The young people of the church have re- 
ceived a vision, and many a call to serv- 
ice. Volunteers? Yes, every one of them 
earnest and anxious to go out for the Mas- 

Now the time has come for reconstruc- 
tion, and, Volunteers, you are the recon- 
structors. The foreign work has outgrown 
the home work. Our missionaries have 
been men and women of God who not only. 


suffered for Christ but also suffered with 
him in reaching lost souls. At home we 
have not in a full measure followed their 
example. We have not grown in numbers, 
and — shall I say? — in deep spirituality as 
our brothers have done. 

Possibly this reconstruction should be- 
gin with us. You are going to be the 
leaders of tomorrow, and tomorrow will 
reap the benefits of a reconstructed people. 

Volunteers, you have responded cheer- 
fully to the call for workers, and the church 
needs every one of you, even though she 
may not just at this time have an attractive 
position for you. There ts just one thing 
to do, and that is, by faith, with true mis- 
sionary zeal, carve out a place to work for 
the Master. The church has great need of 
workers — workers who are not looking for 
a city pastorate in a well-established church, 
but men who could fill a city pulpit and 
prefer to go into some outpost of the 
church, there if need be to live a buried 
life, suffering with Christ for souls. We 
will not grow in numbers unless this be 
done; we will not develop spiritually un- 
less we are willing to serve thus. 

Again, we need to reconstruct our policy 
of giving. We give when we see a physical 
need, and many give until it hurts. On the 
other hand, the virions- church) toeramis can 



The Missionary Visitor 


not plan for the advancement of the work 
unless there is a steady giving to the 
cause of Christ. Volunteers! Are we true 
stewards? Most likely the majority are, but 
are you leading the lay student in the 
school, likewise, to become a steward? Un- 
til we feel that the church needs our life, 
our all, and the all of each of her members, 
she will be unable to take her full place in 
the evangelization of the world. 

During the first few decades of our his- 
tory as a church, we doubled our mem- 
bership frequently. Now we are barely 
holding our own. Are we depending too 
much upon the evangelist and the pastor? 
Is every member interested in soul winning? 
Ah! Sad it is, but true, many of us are 

self-satisfied, neglecting the culture of our 
souls by communing with the Lord, and 
failing to feel the .burden of lost souls. 

Oh, may God grant that this student gen- 
eration shall bring about a reconstruction, 
a remolding of attitude toward church work, 
becoming pioneers of the faith; a recon- 
struction in the method of giving, becoming 
a tithing church; and lastly, a renewal of 
soul power by daily fellowship with the 
Lord! "To every thing there is a season, 
and a time to every purpose under the 
heaven." Volunteers, is this not the time 
prepared of God for you and me to first 
draw close to him, find his will and then 
launch with a challenging faith as true mes- 
sengers of the cross? 

Our Foreign Purpose 


President Bethany Student Volunteers 

" It is my purpose, if God permit, to become a 
foreign missionary." 

THE Student Volunteer Movement 
for foreign missions exists for the 
purpose of foreign missions. It has 
a, specific field of service. As its members 
we have the same function. We stand for 
foreign missions. As personal convictions 
go we are foreign mission partisans. 

We should maintain intelligent missionary 
interest among all Christian students. 

We should work together in our prepara- 
tion and in developing the missionary life 
of our home churches. 

We should help to find those whom God 
*vants as foreign missionaries. 

We should " lay an equal burden of re- 
sponsibility on all students who are to re- 
main as ministers and lay workers at home, 
that they may actively promote the mis- 
sionary enterprise by their intelligent ad- 
vocacy, by their gifts, and by their prayers." 

Such are the purposes of the movement 
in which we should share. 

As long as there is a relatively greater 
need overseas than at home we should con- 
tinue to press these claims. Our awaking 
to a pressing need in America can not 
waive our responsibility for foreign work; 
for our interest in America's backward sec- 

tions will not meet the needs of India, China 
or Africa — needs which are at least as 
urgent now as they were when " this pur- 
pose came tearing through our lives with 
such a shock of glory — once!" 

Since our claims are so positive it is the 
more urgent that our type of volunteer be 
above reproach so that his motives need 
not be questioned. It is also necessary to 
reckon with criticisms which come to us. 
One of the most frequent and too-often just 
criticisms is that our volunteers are too lit- 
tle interested in the work at home. How 
can they be of service overseas if they neg- 
lect the duties around them? 

There should be no question of criticism 
as long as the volunteer adheres to the pur- 
poses mentioned above. The cause for 
criticism is otherwhere. There are doubt- 
less some who have made their foreign pur- 
pose without considering the home needs. 
This is not fair. There may be others who, 
after receiving further light as to home 
needs, refuse persistently to reconsider 
their purpose. It should be remembered 
that persistence gone to seed is stubborn- 
ness. Our purpose should effect the will of 
God, not thwart it. There are likely some 
who become so interested in promoting the 
movement's activities they forget that our 


The Missionary Visitor 


fundamental and personal message to the 
world anywhere is the saving power of 
Christ. And no activity on a committee 
can take the place of this vital practice. Our 
plain duties as a witnessing and helpful 
Christian are in no wise diminished by a 
foreign volunteer purpose. 

Our purpose is to become foreign mis- 
sionaries. And the only way to become 
such is to begin with our personal influ- 
ence at once and where we are. If we work 
not with our brethren, whom we see, how can 
we expect to help those we have not seen? 
We must avoid what our lamented Bro. 
Williams called " abstract love of human- 

With all the far reach of our purpose we 
should bear in mind that anyone whom we 
will ever help in a personal way will be a 
man right by our side. We dare not use 
our future purpose as an alibi for not 
burning out for God here. The fires need 

to be started now. Our future is mort- 
gaged heavily enough by our inexperience, 
without straining our credit by postponing 
our very interest in souls. " Consecration 
is not determined by geography." Paul was 
commissioned to preach to the Gentiles far 
hence. But he began in Damascus and 
Jerusalem to Jews in the synagogues. If 
our purpose is true we will be firebrands 
wherever we are. No purpose for future 
and remote service will be realized unless 
we take hold here and now. 

Volunteers should radiate spiritual pow- 
er wherever found. Their days of prepara- 
tion, should be trailed with spiritual fruits 
which will be of great benefit to home work 
and a credit to the volunteer. If they do 
they will have a moral right to lay an equal 
burden of responsibility for foreign mis- 
sions on all students. Criticism will come 
from only the prejudiced. Prejudice it- 
self will cease. We will have become for- 
eign missionaries. 

Why I Am a Volunteer 


OFTEN on a cloudy night you have 
watched the clouds scudding across 
the sky, and only here and there in 
the rifts of the clouds could you obtain 
glimpses of the moon and stars. So it is 
with our lives. Only now and then, through 
the rifts of the clouds of our lives, do we 
catch glimpses that inspire us to press on- 
ward and upward. Sometimes the clouds 
may be heavy and the rifts are few and far 
between, and then the whole heavens may 
be almost clear. So it is, I am sure, with 
every volunteer. A few may be called in 
a miraculous way, but most of us have had 
only glimpses along the way that have 
given us the inspiration for our life work. 
On the campus of Manchester College 
I received the first glimpses of the value 
and joy of service for God and man. By 
continual contact with men and women 
that have met and known God I gradually 
began to see that the work of the king- 
dom should be foremost in the hearts of his 
people. It was here that I first came face 
to face with the call of God. I had often 
heard of the call to service that Jesus made, 

but somehow thought that it did not ap- 
ply to me; that it was meant for folks su- 
perior to all ordinary types of men and 

Listening to men and women that have 
been out on the fields of service has also 
played a large part in my life. Stories and 
incidents of their experiences have given 
me visions of future service. Contact with 
medical missionaries has inspired in me 
the desire to help relieve physical suffer- 
ing in the neglected places of earth. 

Medical work appealed to me largely be- 
cause it represented something very tangi- 
ble in the way of good that could be ren- 
dered. Facts and figures concerning the 
suffering in foreign lands have driven me 
on and kept me to my purpose. Often I 
think I hear suffering children crying for an 
equal chance with the rest of us. They 
are born into the world crippled, wounded 
and sick. Our loving Christ has asked us 
to go and care for them. " I was sick and 
ye visited me!" Yes or no? We dare not 


The Missionary Visitor 


Notes from the Student Volunteers 

From the Bethany Volunteer Band 
The Bethany Band is making the year 
1921-22 one of progress and profit. In our 
Band this year there is a distinct trend to- 
ward closer relationship with the Student 
Volunteer Movement. There is a growth 
of " Movement consciousness " among us, 
and it helps us. The Movement's speakers, 
the literature, and association with other 
Volunteer Bands are most helpful in stim- 
ulating our own interest. And there re- 
sults a broader fellowship of prayer. Are 
you aware that you are a part of the most 
unique and important movement in modern 

One of our Band's noteworthy achieve- 
ments this year has been to present in a 
clear manner the challenge of tithing as an 
obligation of Christian stewardship to the 
entire student body. A chapel period was 
granted by the faculty. The president of 
the Band led and a red-hot program on 
tithing was given. Every speaker was a 
tither. The climax was reached in asking 
for enrollment as tithers. Decisions for 
tithing were made and the entire student 
body faced the question of Christian stew- 
ardship in a more clear-cut manner than 
ever before. Nearly half of the students are 
now giving by this method. 

McPherson Mission Band 

The members of the McPherson Mission 
Band are enjoying a very profitable school 
year. Mr. and Mrs. Flory, of China, and 
Mr. and Mrs. Arnold, of India, have spent 
part or all of the school year here and 
have given us a great deal of help and in- 
spiration. Dr. Harnly and Prof. Yoder have 
given us a series of lectures pertaining to 
their world tour. All helped us much in 
getting a clear and rational view of world 
conditions and the task which faces the 

We sent representatives to the Kansas 
Student Volunteer Convention, held at Ot- 
tawa in February, and enjoyed very much 
the splendid reports which they brought 
back to us. One of the unique features of 
this convention was an European banquet 
given to the delegates. The price of the 
banquet, seventy-five cents, had, as usual, 
been included in the registration fee. They 
were served with a bowl of broth and a 
slice of brown bread, a typical daily ration 
for an European student. Seventy cents of 
the seventy-five was by their plates and 
they might take it or leave it for the Friend- 
ship Fund for European students. Need- 
less to say all of it was left. 

A number of our students have been 
teaching in the Mexican Mission, which is 

Mexican Sunday-school in which a number of McPherson students teach. The McPherson College Mis- 
sion Band helped in the starting of this work and still supports it 


The Missionary Visitor 


now under the direction of representatives 
from each of the churches of the city. 
Some thirty Mexicans attend this and a 
splendid work is being done for them. 

A deep interest is taken by the student 
body in world problems. The responsibility 
of America to the world has been the theme 
of many of our lectures and programs and, 
on the other hand, the spiritual needs of 
America have been impressed upon us. 
Christian students everywhere have a big 
responsibility, and through the programs 
and activities of the Mission Band they have 
an opportunity to discover how they may 
best meet that responsibility. 
Daleville Volunteer Band 
We are glad for this opportunity of pre- 
senting a few lines to the readers of the 
Visitor. Our best wishes are extended to 
the Volunteer Bands of our sister colleges 
and to all those who are deeply interested 
in missions. We believe the Volunteer 
Bands are playing a great part in mis- 
sionary education and the creation of mis- 
sionary spirit in our colleges and through- 
out the Brotherhood. If this is not true, 
it should be. Though it is quite a problem 
for a Volunteer Band to function as, it 
should in a college, if the members are 
really in earnest and have the cause at heart 
and are willing to pay the price, its purpose 
can be accomplished. 

Our Band has made plans for doing some 
deputation work among the various church- 
es of the District during the spring term. 
Announcements of our work have been 
sent to the churches and we have already 
received several calls. This is a splendid 
opportunity for the students of our col- 
leges to come in touch with the churches 
and it is very valuable for both the Volun- 
teer Bands and the churches. 

Our Band sent three delegates to the 
State Student Volunteer Conference in 
February. Conferences of this nature are 
very essential for the best interests of any 
Volunteer Band. One of the keynotes of 
the conference was one that many of us 
have not learned as well as we should. It 
was the importance of wholly surrender- 
ing one's life, without reserve, to the will 
of God. 

As we in our weakness think first of our 
tiny bit of knowledge, our small sphere of 
activity, our limited experience and then 
of the tremendous problems that lie ahead, 
waiting to be solved, and the great diffi- 
culties that must be overcome before the 
goal is reached, it almost seems impossi- 
ble, but we take new hope and rejoice 
when we think of the many promises of 
Divine help and the words of the apostle 
when he said, " I can do all things through 
Christ who strengtheneth me." The cou- 
rageous spirit and faith manifested by Paul 
will always be victorious. 

M. E. Clingenpeel. 

Activities of Student Volunteers of Mt. 
Morris College 

It seems that the challenge to Chris- 
tian work becomes stronger each year. Of 
course it is the desire of every Student 
Volunteer to accept that challenge and to 
be " about his Father's business." It is 
never necessary for the consecrated Chris- 
tian to wait until the end of his prepara- 
tion to start upon the Master's work for 
on every hand are tasks, large and small, 
that he may do and which only enrich his 
preparatory work. The Student Volun- 
teers of Mt. Morris College have not been 
doing such extraordinary things, but they 
have been trying as best they can to help 
those less fortunate than themselves. 

Around the town of Mt. Morris are many 
places where Student Volunteers are able 
to work advantageously. There are some 
people who have not had church and school 
advantages. Two girls from the Volun- 
teer Band have been doing some active work 
in the way of visiting in the homes of these 
people and in getting the children into 

The Old Folks' Home of the District of 
Northern Illinois and Wisconsin is located 
in Mt. Morris. For a number of years it 
has been the custom for the inmates of that 
Home to have a prayer meeting each Tues- 
day evening. The Volunteer Band has 
considered it a privilege to conduct these 
meetings, for the old people are always 
glad to receive the cheer of the young peo- 
ple as they visit them. Their Sunday-school 


The Missionary Visitor 


on Sunday mornings is also conducted by 
a Student Volunteer. 

Two of the young ministers who are Vol- 
unteers have been filling the pulpits oc- 
casionally at Waddams Grove and Free- 

One of our country churches, Columbia, 
is out from Mt. Morris about five miles. 
The pulpit there has been supplied for a 
number of years by ministers going out from 
Mt. Morris each Sunday. Recently three 
members of the Volunteer Band have been 
helping with the services there. Their work 
there so far has just had a beginning, but 
they are enjoying it very much and their 
help seems to be very much appreciated. 

At Christmas time the Y. M. C. A sent a 
deputation of six men to Grand Detour, 
where they held a series of religious meet- 
ing. Grand Detour is about twelve miles 
from Mt. Morris, and until Christmas time 
they had only one church, and no services 
were being held in it. Since that time two 
boys, Student Volunteers, have carried on 
the work there. They go down each Sun- 
day and conduct Sunday-school and church 
in the afternoon. 

A number of the Volunteers are planning 
to go out among the churches this summer 
to work in Daily Vacation Bible Schools. 

Miss Minneva Neher, traveling secretary 
of the United Student Volunteers of the 
Brethren church, expects to come to Mt. 
Morris April 13. All year we have been 
looking forward to this visit and we ex- 
pect to get much help and inspiration from 
Miss Neher. Mabel Brubaker. 

Elizabethtown Volunteer Notes 
The Volunteers of Elizabethtown Col- 
lege are enjoying a spirit of unity, coopera- 
tion, zeal, enthusiasm and helpfulness which 
prevails among us this year. 

A number of us have carried cheer and 
sunshine to the sick and shut-ins in this 
community and the Band has given finan- 
cial aid to a few sick students who were 
in such need. 

We are publishing a bimonthly pamphlet, 
called "The Elizabethtown Volunteers," 
and sending it to our fellow-volunteers who 
are in various fields of service, and also to 
elders and church workers who are in- 

terested in the activities of the Band and 
want to keep in touch with us to receive 
the cooperation and service which we are 
eager to render. The main purpose, how- 
ever, of the pamphlet is to keep in close 
touch with our Volunteers not in college, 
to receive that mutual inspiration and to 
maintain that same unity which exists 
among the Volunteers in college. 

We have given a few deputation programs 
and plan to respond to more calls from the 
churches which are coming at an increased 
rate as spring with its fair weather ap- 

A few young men of our number have 
been called to the ministry this year. In 
this capacity they are serving very ably 
and nobly. Our ministers are called upon 
to fill the pulpit in various churches in our 

We are exceeding glad for these calls and 
opportunities to serve our church, our 
community and the world; and thus serve 
our blessed Master in accomplishing his 
Divine purpose. C. H. Royer. 

Manchester Volunteer Notes 

The work of the Manchester Band this 
year has not been outstandingly different 
fro*m that of previous years. The school 
year opened with sixty-eight Volunteers en- 
rolled. Since then ten more have decided 
for definite Christian service. Out of the 
entire number, fourteen are looking to the 
foreign field. 

Last September, when the Band re- 
organized for the year's work, several ob- 
jectives were decided upon, and it is toward 
this goal that we are daily striving. The 
one around which centers the interest of 
every Volunteer is that of personal steward- 
ship. The period in which we are living is 
not dominated by the spirit of foreign con- 
quest, but rather that of strengthening the 
" home base," deepening personal convic- 
tions and trying to master the lesson of 
spending our personal resources in the way 
that God may direct. This has been the 
center plank of our platform this year. 
Next, and perhaps not less, in importance 
is that of having every prospective Volun- 
teer face the proposition with a clear un- 
derstanding of what the declaration really 




The Missionary Visitor 


stands for. This has proved successful 
through the efforts of our student pastor, 
to whom any student concerned may go for 
help in solving personal problems. 

Our deputation work has not been as ex- 
tensive this year as last. We have encour- 
aged it as much as possible, but because of 
financial depression the response from the 
churches has not been as great. However, 
the calls are still coming in and we hope 
to serve a number of churches yet before 
school closes. 

The Manchester Band has found it ex- 
tremely helpful to keep in touch with the 
general Student Volunteer Movement, as 
found in the State Union. Oct. 10, Lyman 
Hoover, president of the Student Volun- 
teers of Indiana, called a leaders' meeting 
at Indianapolis. Representatives from nine 
colleges and universities were present, and 
together we worked out plans and objectives 
for the year. Such a conference is indeed 
beneficial. Each school has its own campus 
problems, but many times a suggestion from 
some other school is a means of solution. 

On Feb. 10-12 was held the annual Stu- 
dent Volunteer Conference at Purdue Uni- 
versity, Lafayette, Ind. Manchester was 
represented by twenty-three delegates. All 
those that went returned with a new in- 
spiration and a greater desire to serve their 

Miss Minneva Neher, our traveling sec- 
retary, was with us from March 1 to 4. 
Miss Neher was a welcome visitor at Man- 
chester College. She brought with her the 
greetings and best wishes from our Eastern 
colleges. Her addresses to the Volunteers, 
her message to the student body, besides 
many personal interviews, were all greatly 
appreciated. It is through our secretary 
that we feel a connecting link between the 
various Bands. We would that a closer 
union might still be worked out that would 
bring us closer together as a united Band. 
Harvey Hostetler. 

New Activities Among the La Verne 

The " ingathering " of " new converts " 
and catechumens which the D. V. B. S. of 
last July brought us called for the organiza- 
tion of new activities- to take care of them. 
Therefore, a midweek devotional meeting 

Grace Miller and Her Coworkers for the Mexicans 

was organized to meet each Wednesday 
evening. It is in the hands of the Mexican 
Christian leaders as largely as is expedient. 
However, it is necessary for us to furnish 
a " general adviser," chorister and organist. 
The Mexicans take an enthusiastic interest 
in this work, and we are gratified at the 
results of general Christian growth and de- 
velopment of Mexican leadership. 

Last autumn we organized a Mexican Aid 
Society further to meet the needs of our 
work. Again we felt the necessity of fur- 
nishing a president, organist, chorister, 
superintendent of English classes and super- 
intendent of nursery. This American exec- 
utive committee carefully directs the work 
of a number of committees composed of 
Mexican Christians. The Mexican "broth- 
ers" wanted a part in this work — the wives 
wanted their husbands to have a part, so 
as to insure their cooperation. Therefore, 
we divided the " brothers " into three com- 
mittees: (1) Social and flowers, (2) new 
members and visiting the sick, (3) tract 
and general literature circulators. A com- 
mittee of women looks after the girls' sew- 
ing classes (the materials and quilt blocks; 
friends and students all over the Pacific 
coast have a part in this work). Another 
committee looks after the second-hand cloth- 
ing donated by American friends — often the 
homes of our Mission Band students have 
a part in this. Saturday, Wednesday and 
Friday P. M., English classes are conducted 
by young American sisters. Another 
young sister looks after the babies, while 
the mothers sew at the regu'ar Saturday 
P. M. meetings. The Mexican's love of 


The Missionary Visitor 


music is remembered in this work. We 
sing a number of hymns during our de- 
votional service as well as sing while we 
work. Our Aid Society furnishes an op- 
portunity for service to all our Mexican 
Christians, as well as gathers in new re- 
cruits continuously. 

Grace - Hileman Miller. 

Blue Ridge College 

Greetings to Our Comrades in Christ from 
the Volunteers of Blue Ridge College: 
We are glad for this opportunity the 
Visitor has given us for talking together, al- 
though we have nothing great to tell of 
what we are doing. Our morning watch 
and Sunday morning meetings seem to be 
increasing in interest and attendance. Our 
meeting of the foreign volunteers each Sun- 
day evening after church is one of our 
small meetings as to numbers, but in other 
ways it is one of the largest. 

Last summer several of our number spent 
the entire vacation in home mission work 
and the majority spent part of their time 
there. We are planning to do this again 
next summer. We are glad for the op- 
portunities we have of rendering programs 
in the surrounding churches. But we do 
hope more and more to impart a militant 
faith to the student body. Sister Neher 
helped us to realize our failure in this. We 
were so glad for the visits of Bro. Flory and 
Bro. Long. These three gave us much in- 
spiration and encouragement. Prof. Kinsey 
presented each member of the band with 
Pearse's book, " The Christianity of Jesus 
Christ." This is a wonderful little book for 
every Volunteer, and indeed for anyone. 
We now have twenty-seven active mem- 
bers and five associate members. May we 
of each school be more closely united in 
the Master's work. 

Ermal McGaffey Blickenstaff 


Editor's Note.— The biography of Miles G. Blick- 
enstaff was published in the February Visitor, 
but not until after the publication of the February 
number did we receive Sister Blicken staff's biog- 

DURING the year 1890, near Holmes- 
ville, Gage County, Nebr., a little 
girl came into the home of Mr. and 
Mrs. Frank McGaffey, who was to be a 
blessing not only to them, but the blessing 
of her life was to extend in widening circles, 
even to China. 

She grew to young womanhood near the 
spot that marks her birthplace. Hers was 
the rich blessing of an ideal Christian home, 
surrounded by Christian influences, in which 
to start out in her life career, receiving 
spiritual nurture also by the South Beatrice 
church, of which she, became a member at 
an early age. In 1909 she came to Quinter, 
Kans., to spend a summer with cousins in 
the home of Eld. D. A. Crist. Following 
this time the Quinter church became her 
home church. Here also she met Miles 
Blickenstaff, who later became her husband. 
Hers is the sunshiny nature, and the heart 
of sympathy and love for other folks that 
gathers to itself many friends. It is that 
nature also that cannot be bounded and 

limited by a water border, as a country is by 
the oceans, but whose love and sympathy 
reach to the darker skinned of the other 
side of the globe. 

She spent one year at Bethany Bible 
School and the remaining part of her col- 
lege life was spent at McPherson College, 
from which she with her husband took her 
A. B. in 1921. 

They encountered many difficulties in 
order to be added to our foreign missionary 
force, but with each difficulty that was over- 
come there came into their life an added joy. 
They went out from us with no other mo- 
tive than, as they expressed themselves, "to 
serve our Master where we can be of the 
greatest use to him." The only topic of 
really deep interest to them as they made 
their last visit with us before sailing was 

Though sorrow has come, into their home 
since they have been in China, by the "grim 
reaper " taking little " Robbie," yet such 
characters are not easily thwarted in 
their purpose, so they are pressing on, ani- 
mated by the spirit of Paul who said, " If 
by any means I may lay hold on that for 
which I have been laid hold on by Christ." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Sara G. Replogle 

During the month Sister Shumaker spent 
several weeks in the Vyara district. While 
there she visited nineteen schools, traveled 
two hundred and eighty-two miles (not by 
auto), spoke to or rather taught in class 
about two thousand children, and held a 
number of meetings, besides attending the 
meetings of the regular village workers. 
Sister Shumaker is putting forth great ef- 
fort to help the village teachers and chil- 
dren. Pray for her in this great work. 

Sister Himmelsbaugh is kept quite busy 
caring for the twenty babies in the Home, 
besides the dispensary work at the station 
and one day each week in one of the near-by 
villages. Three babies were taken into the 
Home during the month. Usually quite a 
change takes place in the condition of these 
babies after they have been in the Home 

for some time. 


Brother and Sister E. H. Eby and Sister 
Ziegler are added to the number who are 
doing village work. & 

Sisters E. H. Eby, Anetta Mow and 
Sadie Miller and Bro. A. T. Hoffert at- 
tended the W. C. T. C. convention which 
was held in Madras during the latter part 
of January. ^ 

The Marathi District Meeting convened 
at Vada Jan. 28-31. The spirit of the meet- 
ing was very good. Those who attended 
the meeting from the Gujarati area were 
Sisters E. B. Miller and Elsie Shickel. The 
meeting in 1923 will be held at Ahwa. 

We cannot report large numbers as be- 
ing added to the church at Jalalpor, but one 
by one they are coming from the villages 
for baptism. ^ 

Mr. Vishram Isucharan, of Surat, spent 
some time during the month in the Bulsar 
and Jalalpor districts. He is one of the 
thirteen workers under the Children's 
Missioner, the Rev. Archibald, of the 
" Special Children's Service Mission for 
India." He is doing a splendid work for 
the children in Gujarat. 

Four girls were added to the Girls' Board- 
ing at Jalalpor during the month. Praise 
God for this number, and pray that many 
more may come into the school. 

We have all read that a great fish swal- 
lowed Jonah and at the command of Je- 
hovah it vomited him out upon dry land.. 
Not that fish, but a whale measuring about 
seventy feet in length was washed ashore 
at Tithal, near Bulsar, several weeks aga. 
Thousands of people came to see the fish, 
and many worshiped it. 

Jalalpor, Surat District. 


Anna Cnimpacker 

Our year's work opened with the observ- 
ance, of the World's Week of Prayer. The 
near-by Christians, both men and women, 
along with the Christian school-children, 
took an active part in these meetings. The 
Chinese helpers conducted the meetings ir* 
a most interesting and helpful way. 

The early part of the month all depart- 
ments were unusually busy. The evangel- 
istic work • is being pushed with unusual 
vigor and success at all our stations. All 
the school-children must prepare for and 
take their examinations. But everything 
stops for the Chinese New Year. People 
do not even need medical attention at such 
times. The women proceed with the yearly 
housecleaning, and everybody must have a 
new gown and new shoes. Extra food, too, 
must be prepared. Busy indeed is every- 
body, getting ready for the one holiday- 
season of the year. The first days are to- 
them happy ones, at home feasting and wor- 
shiping the household gods. Then comes 
the time for calling and receiving guests, 
then the feast of lanterns, and then back 
again to the old humdrum of their daily 
tasks. After the first five days of their holi- 
day season there is a wonderful opportunity 
for evangelistic work. 

At Ping Ting scarlet fever broke out in 
the boys' school and chicken pox, tonsil- 
itis and grip were in the girls' school. The 
schools were in semi-quarantine, not attend- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing services in the church, but each school 
holding its own regular church services. 
The children enjoyed these services. 

There are now a number of Christian 
women in the city to help with the evan- 
gelistic work. Fifty women are being 
taught regularly in their homes. There is 
also much house-to-house visiting done in 
the surrounding villages. During the month 
of December the native women report hav- 
ing taught 4,013 people. Winning the 
women of China is a long, slow, hard proc- 
ess. j& 

A new out-station will soon be, opened at 
Yang Chuan. This is five miles from Ping 
Ting and is on the railway. The place is 
experiencing a wonderful growth com- 
mercially, because of the coal mines at that 
point. There is a dire need at this place 
and we are hoping there can be some splen- 
did results. There will be a reading room, 
a dispensary room for Dr. Wampler, and 
Ave are. hoping there can be some recreation 
ground also. & 

The men's and women's country evan- 
gelistic workers were together in a portion 
of last year's famine district. At Shang 
Pan Shih a number of men decided to follow 
Christ. Among them was the, village elder. 
He spoke publicly of his decision and asked 
others to do likewise. Three services were 
held daily for the men. Sister Mary 
Schaeffer came from Shou Yang and helped 
ten days in the women's work. A large 
number of women and girls studied the new 
phonetic script. Some learned to read quite 
well. A morning and afternoon session 
were held daily, at which there were both 
reading classes and religious services. There 
was also a night class to help those desir- 
ing special assistance in reading. Many 
friends were made. It is pathetic to see 
how hungry their hearts are for a " little 
bit of love." ^ 

At Yen Huei there, was an unusual ex- 
perience. The village authorities compelled 
the people to come to church, even down to 
the women who were, so busy with their 
New Year preparations. At first the people 
were not very responsive, but later the meet- 
ings were inspiring. At this place the 
Church of the Brethren has the distinction 

of having a marble slab erected to its honor 
because of the help given during the famine. 
At both the above-named places the village 
furnished the building for us to occupy 
and in which to hold services. They 
also supplied us with coal, oil, a little 
fruit, and offered transportation to us. We 
are. so glad for this step toward self help. 

Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, while in the moun- 
tains about a day's distance from Liao Chou, 
sustained quite an injury by falling down 
a precipice, about eighteen or twenty feet. 
He has gone to Peking to have an X-ray 
examination of his shoulder, which probably 
is broken. We do not have the returns 
from the doctors there yet, but we hope he 
may have a complete recovery. Four days 
elapsed between the time of his injury and 
his arrival at Peking. 

Edna Flory reports a helpful nurses' con- 
vention at Hankow. Brethren E. D. Vani- 
man and Samuel Bowman and Sisters Laura 
Shock and Mary Cline went to Peking to 
attend the educational workers' conference 
which convenes early in February. 

There has been a great deal of sickness 
in and about Liao Chou this winter. Cases 
of typhus and relapsing fevers have been 
numerous and not a few people died. It 
is a constant reminder that we have just 
passed through famine and are still reap- 
ing/ results. Numerous cases of trachoma 
have been found in the. girls' school. 

The health of the missionaries and 
families has been fairly good, with the ex- 
ception of some cases of tonsilitis, and Sara 
Anna, the little daughter of Brother and 
Sister E. M. Wampler, has scarlet fever, 
though it seems to be a light form. We 
hope for her early recovery. 

This month has brought busy days in the 
boys' and girls' schools. Preparing for 
and giving term examinations is strenuous 
work in a large school, when teacher and 
pupil alike eagerly await the results. Schools 
are now dismissed for the Chinese New 
Year vacation of about a month. Only a 


The Missionary Visitor 


few boarding pupils remain in the mission 
compound. »* 

Several of the boys and girls have gone 
home to be married. Recently one of our 
Christian schoolboys and a girl from our 
school were to be married in the village of 
Han T'ow Chen, about thirteen miles north 
of Liao Chou. They requested a Christian 
service and sent invitations to the mission- 
aries and some Chinese Christians. Six of 
us went out in the new auto, and though 
the new road is nearly a mile from the vil- 
lage, we managed to drive into the village, 
to the great amazement and joy of the vil- 
lage people. It was a great event for them. 
Our Chinese pastor pronounced the cere- 
mony, and we were highly pleased to note 
that gods and heathen practices, so common 
at Chinese weddings, were conspicuous for 
their absence. Instead, we witnessed a 
quiet, Christian marriage ceremony. Many 
of the village people came out to see us 
leave, and the auto was a strange sight to 
them. j$ 

The Woman's School has also just closed 
for vacation. As this is the one time in all 
the year when the Chinese clean house and 
all want to wear new clothing, the women 
are especially busy, jt 

Preparations are being made for the 
Week of Evangelism, when Christian men. 
women, boys and girls will make a rather 
complete canvass of the immediate country 
district about Liao Chou, giving the Gospel 
in sermon and song to many hundreds of 
people. j& 

Dr. F. J. Wampler, from Ping Ting Chou. 
opened the medical work at Shou Yang. 
Dec. 28, 1921. It is his purpose to make 
regular weekly visits in the interest of the 
medical work at this place. We are all 
very glad for this opening. The people 
have come in numbers from eight or nine 
to twenty-three at each dispensary time. 
The English Baptist Mission had some form 
of medical work here before the Church of 
the Brethren took over the work. Thus the 
Chinese have come to know and appreciate 
the value of foreign medicines and methods, 
as contrasted with the old Chinese witch 
doctors, with their needles and other per- 
nicious practices. Perhaps our greatest dis- 
advantage at the present time is a suitable 

place in which to do medical work. For 
want of a more suitable place the work ?s 
being done in the reading room and street 
chapel. .£ 

Since most of the children from the 
schools have gone home for the Chinese 
Xew Year vacation, the attendance at the 
regular church is somewhat less than 
usual. Our prayer is that as these children 
go back into their heathen and idolatrous 
homes they will have the courage to speak 
out against the evils current among the 
Chinese at this season of the year. 

The field committee met at Shou Yang 
on Jan. 30 and 31. All the members were 
present, as well as several members of 
the mission. .jg 

The Shou Yang Boys' School closed for 
the Chinese New Year vacation Jan. 20. 
The term closed with the regular examina- 
tions. Each of the eighty boys in attend- 
ance passed a successful examination and 
carried home a report card, showing the 
results for the half year. The term just 
closed was a decided improvement over 
previous terms. The pupils were more 
regular in attendance. Their parents have 
begun to realize that regular attendance is 
an aid to successful work, and do not ask 
for excuses unless in case of sickness or 
urgent business. Regular attendance, to- 
gether with diligent work, produced credit- 
able results. Our teachers were also more 
regular and diligent in their teaching duties. 
Many results of the institute arranged for 
them last August are shown in the school 
work. These few lines are to tell you that 
our little school is developing rapidly, and 
with your continued support will result in 
doing much good in this community. 

"The simple faith and the simple life go 
together, and their path is toward the sun- 
rise and the land of eternal day." 

"Jesus Christ came to cure from sin, 
and Jesus is no failure at this job." 

" Some folks would feel humiliated if 
caught praying, but nobler men have ever 
prayed." .^ .jt 

"A good conscience is a continual Christ- 
mas." — Benjamin Franklin. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Unkel Willum Thinks Sum Folks Quere 

Unkel Willum was remarkin how queer 
it wus that sum folks had sich 
and others had 

He thot some folks culdn't get tu idees in 
their heds at wonce. 

He told of a man who sed he believed in 
and another man who would help 
HEETHEN ABROD but culdn't help a 
He thinks some, folks would like to be 
and some folks 

-and that religun is somethin you 
•GIT without needin to GIVE. 
He met a man who left a man 

STARVE because he was too BIZZY 
and another wun who culdn't give any 
MISSHUN MONEY" as long as some 
and he wusn't giving mutch for the starv- 
ing, ether. 

Unkel Willum wrote me about a YUNG 
UPSTART who culdn't git along with the 
OLD FOLKS in the church and about an 
OLD MAN who sed the yung fellers wanted 
to run the CHURCH. 

Unkel Willum thot these two brethren 
had better GET AQUANTED and lern to 
LOVE EECH OTHER for the way the 
church was goin at their place both the 
were needed to git enny thing dun. 

Unkel Willum sed if anybody liked this 
filosophy he mite, CONDESEND to rite 

Special Prize Contest by Dress Reform 

This year the Dress Reform Committee 
offers two cash prizes for the best answers 
to the question, " What Constitutes the 
Simple Life?" 

The prizes. — For the best answer to this 
question the committee will pay $15, and 
for the second best answer, $10. 

Conditions. — (1) The answer may contain 
not over one hundred words — though there 
may be fewer. 

(2) The contest is open to all. There is 
no age limit. 

(3) Replies must be written on only one 
side, of good paper — typewritten or good 

(4) Name and address of author, on 
separate sheet, should accompany the manu- 
script in each case. 

(5) Manuscript will be received by the 
secretary of the committee any time before. 
May 1, 1922. 

(6) Decision will be rendered by three 

(judges appointed by the members of the 

(7) Prizes will be awarded at time of the 
committee's regular Conference program, 
Winona Lake, Ind., June, 1922. 

Suggestive. — Many years ago a prize was awarded 
a Lincoln (Kans.) woman for the best answer to 
the question, "What Constitutes Success?" Her 
answer has become one of the famous mottoes of 
the country. In that answer, which follows, there 
may be a suggestion for you: 

" He has achieved success who has lived well, 
laughed often and loved much; who has gained the 
respect of intelligent men, the trust of pure wom- 
en and the love of little children; who has filled his 
niche and accomplished his task; who has left the 
world better than he found it, whether by an im- 
proved poppy, a perfect poem, or a rescued soul; 
who has never lacked appreciation of earth's beauty 
or failed to express it; who has looked for the best 
in others and given them the best he had; whose 
life was an inspiration, his memory a benediction." 
— Bessie A. Stanley. 

Begin now to answer the question. 
Committee on Dress Reform. 

Lydia E. Taylor, Secretary, 

Mt. Morris! 111. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Xiame ©rifts 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Report of the Illinois Conference for 
Home Missions 


ONE of the greatest conferences ever 
held for the blending of Home Mis- 
sion units was held at the University 
of Illinois during the week end of Feb. 17- 
19. It was called by the Home Missions 
Council and the Council of Women for 
Home Missions of New York. The pur- 
pose was to bring the representatives of 
American students together to discuss the 
probability of uniting the student forces of 
America for Home Missions. The con- 
ference was called by Miss Jessie Dodge 

The group of students that met totaled 
seventy-nine, fifty-one men and twenty-eight 
women. They represented thirty-three in- 
stitutions and fourteen States. They were 
there from as far east as Massachusetts, 
and as far west as Kansas. They came with 
a determination to do something for the 
cause of missions at home. They had no 
knowledge of each other, of the program or 
what was going to be done. 

The meeting was opened by each one get- 
ting acquainted with the others. This was 
done by having a very fine fellowship meal 
together, at which time a committee named 
the officers nominated for the meeting. Mr. 
Mueller, president of the University of 
Illinois Y. M. C. A., acted as the chairman. 
During the dinner several addresses were 
made, among them being an address by the 
vice-president of the university. Then the 
committees were named on program find- 
ings and resolutions. 

At the close of the dinner all the dele- 
gates, with the numerous secretaries from 
the various boards, gathered at the Presby- 

terian church, where we listened to a splen- 
did address on the subject of " World-reach 
of Home Missions," by Dr. Brooks. The 
burden of the message was that we should 
reach the foreign element at our door. He 
said that there are many foreigners return- 
ing home from America to their homeland, 
with a dislike for the religious teaching that 
America embraces. Many of these men are 
the very ones who are, forming the principal 
barrier to Christian missions in their own 
country. He made a splendid survey of the 
conditions existing in mountaineer, migrant, 
industrial, mining and lumbering groups, 
and how Christ was the only solution to this 
problem. This picture would, indeed, have 
remained dark but in the next moment he 
showed us what is now being done among 
the different classes in America. He closed 
with a strong appeal for the Christian forces 
to seize their present opportunity to do real 
practical work here at home. 

On Saturday morning we met again for 
the great day of the conference. The first 
subject under consideration was a report 
of what is being done at the different 
schools. Some schools reported deputa- 
tion work and a ministerial club; another 
school reported an Oxford club for minis- 
ters; others reported a Home Service Band 
apart from the Student Volunteer Move- 
ment. I think this came as near to the 
present plan at work in our own church 
schools as any that was given. Still others 
had an organization called a " Fellowship 
for American Service." The striking thing 
about this whole matter was the fact that 
here now was a group of students from all 
parts of America, with almost the same 


The Missionary Visitor 


purpose, each groping separately to reach 
the same goal for Home Missions. 

Following this discussion was a report 
of work that students might do in America. 
The first report was on work one student 
was privileged to do among the mountain 
people of Tennessee. This was followed by 
a report of a lady who had done some, work 
among the migrant group. Another one 
discussed the opportunity among the in- 
dustrial classes, while all appreciated the 
splendid message an Indian girl brought in 
behalf of her people. She gave some splen- 
did facts about her people, and closed with 
a strong appeal for them. A splendid spirit 
was beginning to be manifested as the whole 
body entered into the general discussion. 

The afternoon sesssion opened with 
speeches by members of the Mission 
Boards and by secretaries of the Student 
Volunteer Movement for foreign missions. 
Mr. St. John spoke for the movement. He 
took a fine attitude toward our conference, 
but he felt we could not join at this time 
with the movement, nor that they could 
take care of our work. They lent their en- 
couragement to us in our endeavor. 

After these men had spoken the delegates 
divided into equal groups of eight or nine 
with a member of the findings committee 
acting as chairman. Each group was given 
a list of questions to discuss. Among those 
questions we find some like these: Is there 
now an organization that will give us what 
we want? What shall be the name of such 
an organization? Other similar questions 
were given. After much discussion we 
gathered into a general assembly again, at 
which time the different chairmen reported. 
All agreed that we had a purpose separate 
from other organizations. They felt we 
should have a movement with very little 
organization and no constitution. There 
were two views as to the purpose and name. 
One was " Fellowship for Christian Life- 
Service"; the other was "Fellowship for 
American Service." 

In the evening the discussion was con- 
tinued. It entered the two fields and soon 
became very intensive. It seemed for some 
time that we would be unable to come to- 
gether with the. two views. They decided 
first that they would leave it as flexible as 
possible, and so have no constitution. They 

decided to call the movement, after much 
earnest discussion, " Student Fellowship for 
Christian Life-Service." It was further de- 
cided to have a continuation committee to 
act as an executive body. A committee 
to nominate these, was appointed and also a 
purpose committee. These were to confer 
that night and report in the morning. 

In the morning the names of those for 
the executive committee were read and ac- 
cepted. They are geographically located. 
Seven were named with two yet to be named, 
one from the South, and one. from the far 
West. The purpose committee then read 
its report. The purposes given are similar 
to those we have held in our own student 
mission groups. They are these: 

1. Our ultimate purpose is a fellowship of 
all students dedicated to Christian life-serv- 

2. There being a fellowship of students 
dedicated to* Christian life-service abroad it 
seems expedient that we devote our atten- 
tion to unite students dedicated to life-serv- 
ice at home until our ultimate purpose may 
be realized. 

3. Our present purpose is to unite the 
prayers, study, and vigorous effort of those 
interested in the task of making America 
Christian for the friendly service for the 

4. We shall purpose to enlist aid and co- 
operate in every way with the existing 
agencies sharing our purpose to Christianize 
the world. 

It is the purpose of the movement for 
the present to work with the Christian 
forces on each campus except where there 
is a kindred organization. In such case, if 
it be expedient, a Fellowship shall be or- 
ganized. The movement is trying to guard 
against overorganization or too many or- 
ganizations on each campus. In our own 
Fraternity we have already a kindred move- 
ment between us. I believe we should now 
cooperate with this movement, in so far as 
it is expedient for us to do so, to help bring 
the Gospel of Christ into the hearts of peo- 
ple in America. 

Chicago, 111. ^ ^ 

Home Field Study 

Do you know the home field? Are you 
aware of the challenging needs for home 


The Missionary Visitor 


service? As a leader in your church, wher- 
ever it is or whatever organization with 
which you are connected, have you exposed 
the lives which you are directing to ever- 
present homeland opportunities? Perhaps 
you think that everyone is conscious of 
these needs. You may think that one in 
daily contact with these opportunities and 
needs cannot help but react to meet them. 
The striking of the clock becomes so com- 
mon in our homes that we seldom hear it 
unless we pay special attention. There is 
such a thing as the cries of the unsaved in 
America falling on deaf ears because we 
have become accustomed to their cries and 
we do not recognize them unless our at- 
tention is called. DO YOU HEAR THE 

Inattention keeps us from hearing. Do 
you want to hear? The plea of ignorance 
will not excuse. Statistics have been gath- 
ered to show the needs. Books have been 
written in heart-searching appeals to call 
our attention. Does the fact that over fifty 
per cent of the people in the United States 
are not in touch with any religious organiza- 
tion stir you to want to do something? 
Somehow the Brethren church must know 
its obligation to the last member. Some- 
how we must find the will of God. Surely 
we can't know his will unless we " look on 
the field white unto the harvest." Where 
are the reapers? Reapers will not respond 
unless they know there is a harvest and 
where the field is. DOES YOUR CHURCH 

There is a way to fire the whole church 
into a glow of action. In the first place the 
leadership of the church must hear the 
clock striking. Interest in Home Missions 
depends absolutely upon the leadership of 
the church. A congregation that never 
hears a sermon on Home Missions can't be 
awake to the needs of the home field. It 
is the business of the church leaders to 
lead their congregations into the harvest 
fields. If that be true then the future of 
our home work will depend largely on the 
leadership of the churches. 

Some one will ask, How can we create 
interest in Home Missions? One fine way 

is through mission study. Have you 
ever conducted a Home Missions Study 
Course in your church? Is it possible that 
in all these years you have not studied the 
needs of the home, field? Don't you think 
it is time to begin? A study course will not 
amount to much unless there is created 
a desire on the part of the church members 
to know the home field. The. leadership of 
the church must lead its followers into that 
desire. A true, burning desire will mean suc- 
cess. The dynamic purpose must be to find 
the will of God. Mission study participated 
in out of curiosity or to make a showing 
in numbers amounts to very little, but when 
there is a thirst to know God's will, ac- 
companied by a passion to do his will, there 
is bound to be a reaction in mission study 
classes that will be little less than marvel- 

If you are interested in starting a Home 
Mission Study Class, write the General 
Mission Board for suggestions. Books have 
been selected for adults, young people and 
children. Why not organize the. entire 
church to study home missions for four or 
five weeks? ^ ^ 

Franklin on Prayer 
" I have lived, sir, a long time, and the 
longer I live the more convincing proofs I 
see of this truth, that God governs the af- 
fairs of men, and if a sparrow cannot fall 
without his notice, is it probable that an em- 
pire can rise without his assistance? I firm- 
ly believe that without his aid we shall suc- 
ceed in our political building no better than 
the builders of Babel. We shall be divided 
by our little partial local interest; our proj- 
ects will be confounded, and we ourselves 
shall become a reproach and byword to fu- 
ture ages. And what is worse, mankind may 
hereafter, from this unfortunate instance, 
despair of establishing governments by hu- 
man wisdom, and leave it to chance, war, 
and conquest."— Benjamin Franklin, on 
moving that prayers be offered at the open- 
ing of each day's session of the Constitu- 
tional Congress of the United States, 1787. 

" Things that never happen worry us 
most." ^ ^ 

" Don't work on the wrecking crew — help 
the construction gang." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Cftfr Qpnrktrfi' Corner 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


The Riddlesburg, Pa., Sunday-school, 

through the missionary spirit of its superin- 
tendent, Shannon Weyant, gave an excel- 
lent missionary program Feb. 26. A splen- 
did interest is reported on the part of the 
young people. The missionary enthusiasm 
of a few earnest Christians will leaven the 
whole body., 

Nettie Senger writes that she will arrive 
on the S. S. Nanking at San Francisco, May 
25. We, presume that other China mission- 
aries, returning on furlough, will arrive on 
the same boat. Sisters Bessie Rider, Laura 
Shock and Nettie Senger are xeturning on 
furlough from China this year. Brother 
and Sister A. W. Ross and Dr. Barbara 
Nickey are returning from India on their 
regular furloughs. Anetta Mow in our India 
mission, is not well. The best medical ad- 
vice in India indicates that she needs an 
operation, and she is advised to return to 
America for that purpose. She. will in all 
likelihood be granted permission to return 
now, even though her furlough is not yet 

Bra. Roy G. Mohler, District Missionary 
Secretary for Western Colorado, tells us 
of their plans to encourage the reading of 
our church periodicals. They are selecting 
the best materials found in the different 
papers, and in a program will have the 
different readers report the good things 
they have learned. 

The Missionary Board of the Oak Grove 
Church, Ind., are distributing missionary 
literature, and also plan a splendid mission- 
ary Easter program by the junior class. 

A Mission Study Class in the Big 
Swatara Congregation, Pa., used the book, 
" Taking Men Alive." It reports that this 
study of personal evangelism has increased 
the interest and willingness to work on the 
part of those taking the study. The class 

gave a splendid program at the Hanover- 
dale house. Bro. George Weaver, District 
Missionary Secretary, was present and gave 
a helpful talk. ^ ^ 


March 7, 1922. 
Mr. Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, General Mis- 
sion Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, Elgin, 111.— My dear Mr. Culp: 

Thank you for yours of Feb. 28, en- 
closing check for $1,962.21 covering Near 
East funds received from the Church of the 
Brethren up to the close of your fiscal year. 

I have just been looking over the various 
sums that we have received during the past 
years from the Church of the Brethren, and 
I am sure you must be more than proud to 
know that approximately $273,000 has been 
invested by your church in the saving of 
lives of children in the land of Christ. 

We sincerely appreciate your continued 
interest and cooperation. 

Very sincerely yours, 

Ruth G. Brown, 
Sunday School Secretary. 

An Acknowledgment 

March 3, 1922. 
Mr. Clyde M. Culp, Treasurer, General Mis- 
sion Board of the Church of the Breth- 
ren, Elgin, 111. — My dear Mr. Culp: 

We. have received your generous check 
of recent date, for Russian relief. We want 
to thank you and the constituents of the 
Church of the Brethren for their generosity 
in behalf of these suffering people, and as- 
sure you of their grateful appreciation of 
your kindness. 

We are enclosing copies of some of the 
messages and letters which have come from 
the children in the Russian Volga area, 
which we think you may be interested in. 

Thanking you again in the name of these 


The Missionary Visitor 


people who benefit by your generosity, we 

Faithfully yours, 
American Relief Administration, 

By J. H. Stutesman. 

China Thanks Vacation Bible Schools 

Emma Horning 

Ping Ting Chou wishes to thank the 
vacation schools of Virginia and Indiana 
for the lovely scrapbooks, charts, post cards, 
quilt blocks, bandages, cloth, etc., which 
they sent us. The churches bf Virginia that 
we received from were, Roanoke, Selma, 
Wert, Dillon Mills, Daleville, Pleasant Dale, 
Salem, Bluefield, Floyd, Crab Orchard, and 
Tinker Mission. We. also received from 
Huntington, Ind., and Boiling Springs, Pa. 

We distributed them at Christmas time. 
There was such an abundant supply, and 
they were made so nicely that they brought 
Christmas cheer to hundreds of hearts that 
would have had nothing otherwise. We 
gave scrapbooks to all of our city and out- 
station school pupils and to the pupils of 
the government girls' school of the city. 
Still others were given to the Sunday-school 

Some of the cards were distributed to the 
children of several villages after they had 
heard the Christmas story told them. Others 
are still on hand to give out to the Sunday- 
school children throughout the year. 

These gifts form a great bond of Chris- 
tian love and friendship between China and 
America. Anything given to the. children 
also affects the parent to a great extent. 
When we distribute the things we always 
explain carefully who made and sent them. 
Thus the Chinese, children will learn to love 
the children of America, making an inter- 
national bond of friendship. 

However, the greatest effect is that hun- 
dreds of children are learning to know and 
love Christmas day. They know the Christ- 
mas story and can sing Christmas songs. 
Year by year they are learning to know 
'more about Jesus and Christian teachings. 
We look forward to the time when Chris- 
tian truths will cover this great land of 
China as the waters do the deep. 

An Evening With Great Missionaries 
Decorate the room with pictures of mis- 
sionaries and scenes from mission lands. 

Before the meeting prepare slips on 
which are written well-known sayings of 
noted missionaries, with name of the mis- 
sionary and country to which they went. 

Have at least one quotation for every one 
present. Cut each quotation in two parts. 
Scatter the. cut slips on a long table about 
which the guests may gather. Give ten to fif- 
teen minutes for matching slips. Let the first 
person who can put together two slips, de- 
clared correct, stand at the head of the 
line to be formed. Others line up as they 
match quotations. When all are in line 
the quotations are read in order. 

Then the guests are seated. The leader 
calls the name of some missionary. Some 
one who has been previously prepared, 
tells an incident from his life, or about his 
field of work. As many stories as are de- 
sired may be so assigned. In some instances 
the story of a Scripture passage, in con- 
nection with the experience of some mis- 
sionary, or the singing of a hymn with an 
interesting story, may be given. 

By a careful planning of program the 
leader may call names of missionaries so 
that the stories and hymns will be well 
interspersed. Keep the meeting informal 
and have as many as possible take part. — 
Missionary Review of the World. 

(Note. — The following quotations may be 
used with the above suggestion. A brief 
biography of ten great missionaries can be 
found in the book, " Christian Heroism," 
by Royer, 75c, Brethren Publishing House, 
Elgin, 111.) 

Christians should regard money as a 
trust. They are stewards of Jesus Christ 
for everything they have, and they ought 
to see his image and superscription on 
every dollar they possess. — Theodore L. 

The man who prays " Thy kingdom 
come," and does not give some just pro- 
portion of his income to promote the king- 
dom, is a conscious or unconscious hypo- 
crite. — Francis E. Clark. 

I am tired of hearing people talk about 
raising money; it is time for us to give 
it. — John Willis Baer. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The best way to raise missionary money: 
Put your hand in your pocket, get a good 
grip on it, then raise it. — Miss Wishard. 

Prayer and missions are as inseparable 
as faith and works. — John R. Mott. 

Unprayed for I feel like a diver at the 
bottom of a river with no air to breathe, 
or like a fireman on a blazing building with 
an empty hose. — James Gilmour. 

There is certainly no such field for evan- 
gelistic work as the wards of a hospital in 
a land like China. — John Kenneth Mac- 

Every young man and woman should be 
a junior partner with the Lord Jesus for 
the salvation of the world. — Jacob Cham- 

We are the children of the converts of 
foreign missionaries, and fairness means 
that I must do to others as men once did 
for me. — Maltbie Babcock. 

The church which ceases to be evan- 
gelistic will soon cease to be evangelical. — 
Alexander Duff. 

The greatest hindrances to the evangeli- 
zation of the world are those within the 
church. — John R. Mott. 

We cannot serve God and mammon, but 
we can serve God with mammon. — Robert 
E. Speer. 

There is money in the hands of the 
church members to sow every acre of the 
earth with the seed of truth. — Josiah Strong. 

There is needed one more revival among 
Christians, a revival of Christian giving. 
When that revival comes, the kingdom of 
God will come in a day. — Horace Bush- 

Let me fail in trying to do something 
rather than, to sit still and do nothing. — 
Cyrus Hamlin. 

Expect great things from God; attempt 
great things for God. — William Carey. 

My heart burns for the deliverance of 
Africa. — Alexander Mackay. 

If I had a thousand souls and they were 
worth anything, I would give them all to 
God. — David Brainerd. 

The greatest foes of missions are preju- 
dice and indifference, and ignorance is the 
mother of them both. — Anon. 

Those that do most for the heathen 
abroad are those that do most for the 
heathen at home. — John G. Paton. 

Were it not for keeping faith with the 

volunteers and the church, we would not 

make the trip to Africa now. — J. H. B. 
Williams. ^ g 

A Mission Study Bee 
How to Make the Chapter Study Interest- 

Several weeks before the meeting, send 
to each member a copy of fifty or more 
carefully prepared questions on the chapter 
of the textbook to be studied that day. Also 
appoint two leaders, who divide the mem- 
bership equally, each being responsible for 
the presence of her group. 

At the time of the meeting, let the room 
be as appropriately and attractively deco- 
rated as possible, and the table for presid- 
ing officer be midway between the sides of 
the room at one end, with chairs for. the 
opposing groups on either side. As the 
class comes in let the leader of each group 
seat her members. 

When ready for the program let the 
chairman take the chair of the president 
and ask the questions of alternate sides in 
old-fashioned spelling-bee style. 

If the lesson is well prepared, so the 
questions do not fill the time, let the chair- 
man ask also general missionary questions, 
or questions concerning the missionary 
work of the church. 

Let the losing side be responsible for an 
unusual presentation of the next chapter. 
This has been successfully tried in smaller 
groups where a textbook is being used for 

Another plan successfully tried out for 
the same purpose was to conduct the meet- 
ing as a school session, with members as- 
signed to various classes, as history, geog- 
raphy, reading, spelling and music. The 
teacher may call classes in an order that will 
vary the program, and ask questions which 
she alone has seen. Music and reading 
may be given by individuals. — The Mis- 
sionary Review of the World. Selected by 
Mrs. C. B. Raymond, Columbus, Ohio. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The Book of Missionary Heroes. By 
Basil Mathews; 280 pp.; George H. Doran 
Company, Publishers; copyright 1922: price 

This book tells stories of the thrilling 
adventures and daring acts of great heroes 
of sea and land who have faced perils 
among wild beasts and wilder men, to tell 
them of the love of God; from dauntless St. 
Paul, who went in peril of rivers and rob- 
bers, of prison and shipwreck, to Raymond 
Lull and St. Francis, the Crusader, who 
sailed the Mediterranean and faced death 
in Africa; from Livingstone, the pathfinder 
of Africa and the great Chief Khama, to 
Mackay and Alary Slessor; from John Wil- 
liams, the navigator of the South Seas, to 
Patterson and Henry Martyn, with many 
others. Basil Mathews tells the immortal 
stories of these knights of the cross in a 
way that has been described by a reviewer 
as " Equal to Henty at his best." Every 
story is not only historically true, but the 
narrative is accurate in detail. 

Mook. By Evelyn Worthley Sites. The 
Central Committee on the United Study of 
Foreign Missions, Publishers; price, paper, 
50 cents. 

The book "Mook" contains true tales 
about a Chinese boy and his friends. This 
book will give the junior class a splendid 
conception of the life of a Chinese boy, and 
especially his relation to a mission station. 

Building a Successful Sunday School. By 
Dr. Burroughs; Fleming H. Revell Com- 
pany; price, $1.50. 

The educational secretary of Baptist 
Sunday-schools, Dr. P. E. Burroughs, has 
given to the Sunday-school world in his 
new book, " Building a Successful Sunday 
School," a work of unusual helpfulness and 
great practical value. He discusses many 
matters of fundamental interest, such as 
the best housing for the school, the ideal 
equipment, the right form of organization, 
the way to build up the school, the social 
life of the school, the best methods of 
teacher-training, and many other important 
topics. All of this is presented in a 
thorough and workmanlike fashion and with 
full details. The growing number of books 

on the Sunday-school is evidence of the vi- 
tality of that institution, and of these books 
Dr. Burroughs' is among the very best. — 
The Christian Endeavor World. 

£ & 

Stewardship " Reading Contests " and 
" Playlets " 

Experience shows that nothing so in- 
creases the interest in stewardship and adds 
to the number of tithers in any church as 
a reading contest followed by a supper and 
the presentation of a playlet. 

We now publish a pamphlet entitled 
" Live Wire Reading Contests," also 
" Thanksgiving Ann " and u Aunt Marga- 
ret's Tenth," both in playlet form. 

For 20 cents we will send postpaid to any 
address samples of these; also 21 other 
stewardship pamphlets, aggregating over 
200 pages. This is less than the cost of 
printing. Please mention the Missionary 
Visitor; also give denomination. 

The Layman Company, 

35 N. Dearborn St., 
•J& J8 Chicago, 111. 


The Chicago Melting-Pot 

Chicago is: 

A Polish city of 137,611 persons; 

A German city of 122,788; 

A Russian city of 102,095; 

An Italian city of 59,215; 

A Swedish city of 58,563; 

An Irish city of 56.786; 

A Czecho-Slovakian city of 50,392; 

An Austrian city of 30,491; 

An English city of 26,420; 

A Hungarian city of 26,106; 

A Canadian city of 26,054; 

A Norwegian city of 20,481; 

It also includes many towns smaller than 
20,000, each transplanted from different 
countries. And yet, Chicago is an American 
city to the backbone. — Record of Christian 
Work. .£ 

Dr. Warnshuis writes that plans for co- 
operative efforts by the missionary so- 
cieties in Great Britain and America for 
the development of Christian literature are 
now making real progress. The conference 
of British societies is this year actually mak- 


The Missionary Visitor 


ing appropriations for literature in China 
and Africa. — The Chinese Recorder. 

1921 was, for the China Agency of the 
American Bible Society, the most produc- 
tive year of its history. Nearly two and a 
half million copies of Bibles, New Testa- 
ments and portions thereof have been 
printed, and 2,362,730 have been circulated. 
New publications for the year were a com- • 
pleted New Testament in Mandarin and 
the new phonetic script and the Gospel of 
Mark in Soochow phonetic. This increased 
output has been maintained in spite of in- 
creased cost. Less than 2,000 copies were 
given away, the remainder being sold be- 
low cost price. — The Chinese Recorder. 
North America: America Not Turning 

The recent death of Monsignor Brann, 
rector of St. Agnes' Roman Catholic 
church in New York City, recalls a striking 
statement which he made a few years ago 
at the annual dinner of the Alumni Asso- 
ciation of the American College in Rome, 
at which 150 priests were present. He said: 

"When I looked at the parade in our re- 
cent centennial celebration I was struck by 
one thing: All the men I saw were for- 
eigners or the direct descendants of for- 
eigners. I saw some Poles, Roumanians 
and Italians, and the people of my own 
country — Ireland. But I saw no native 
Americans, no Puritans, no Americans 
from the pine woods of North Carolina or 
the orange groves of Florida. The church 
is not converting America. It is for you 
young men to get out your sickles and 
gather in the harvest and do the work 
which we old priests have not been able to 
accomplish." — The Missionary Review of 
the World. ^ 

Baptism of an African King 
The king of Ihangiro and his wife were 
recently baptized by the Bishop of Uganda. 
The church was far too small for the crowd 
which gathered to witness the ceremony 
and so the service was held on the top of 
a mound in the king's courtyard. More 
than 2,000 heathen saw their king received 
into the Christian church, and witnessed 
him hand to the bishop a valued charm se- 

lected from a large number collected from 
the royal houses and thrown away prior 
to the service. The royal candidates were 
prepared for baptism by the. Rev. Sedula- 
ka Kibuka, an African clergyman of the 
Church Missionary Society. — C. M. S. Bul- 
letin, je jj 

Congressional Religion 

The Christian World in its January 12 
issue has the following very significant 
analysis of the religious affiliations of our 
senators and congressmen: 

The Religion of U. S. Congressmen 

" There are 531 congressmen in Washington — 436 
in the house of representatives and 96 in the senate. 
Of these, all but 28 are members of some church; 
116 are Methodist, 67 Presbyterians, 37 Episcopalians, 
35 Baptists, 30 Congregationalists, 24 Roman Catho- 
lics, 12 Lutherans, 5 Unitarians, 3 Jews, 3 Mor- 
mons and 2 Universalists. The others are distribut- 
ed among various smaller denominations." 

Only a little over 5 per cent are not con- 
nected with some religious body. This fact, 
and the further significant fact that there 
has never been a decade in our history when 
church membership has not shown a very 
notable increase, ought to be quite sufficient 
to set at rest once and for all the frequent 
statements of irresponsible persons that 
" the church is dying out," " Who reads all 
the religious books! No one is interested 
in religion any more," " The Christian re- 
ligion is dying and a new world religion is 
coming into being." 

The fact is that never before in the 
world's history have so many religious 
books been published and read. The George 
H. Doran Company alone will issue during 
the early months of 1922, approximately 
seventy new titles in religion and theology. 
— Doran News Notes. 


If giving were as systematic as getting, 
the religious and benevolent needs of the 
world would be readily met. 

The man or woman who learns to give 
in the right spirit forgets all about the duty 
in the privilege, and the absence of life's 
necessities would bring no such distress as 
to be cut off from this luxury. — A. T. Pier- 
son, D. D. <£ <£ 

" The real Christmas tree is the tree of 
life; its branches spread over all lands, and 
its leaves are for the healing of the na- 
tions." — Amos R. Wells. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


April 1, 1836, Eld. Henry Boyer Brumbaugh, 
born near James Creek, Hunting- 
don Co., Pa. Died June 28, 1919, 
at Huntingdon, Pa. Pioneer edi- 
tor of Brethren publications. 

April 10, 1829, " General " William Booth, 
born at Nottingham, England. 
Died Aug. 20, 1912, in London. 
Founder of the " Salvation Army." 
Author of " In Darkest England." 

April 14, 1883, John Henry Bashor Wil- 
liams, born near Belleville, Kans. 
Died at Mombasa, British East Af- 
rica, April 17, 1921. Secretary 
General Mission Board, Church of 
the Brethren. 

April 16, 1831, Christian Hervey Balsbaugh, 
born at Hanoverdale, Pa. Died 
Jan. 18, 1909. Lifelong invalid. Re- 
ligious writer, author of " Glimpses 
of Jesus." 

April 22, 1838, Elder John Grove Royer, 
born near Millmont, Pa. Died in 
Sherman Hospital, Elgin, 111., Jan. 
25, 1917. President of Mount Mor- 
ris College, 111., from 1884 to 1904. 


(For recitation) 

Easter dawn has come again, 

Full of hope and glory; 
All the hills and valleys ring 

With the wondrous story: 
Dead and buried, white and cold, 

Lay the gentle Master; 
Now he comes, alive and strong — 

Ring the joy-bells faster! 

On a dreary Friday morn 

To the cross they nailed him; 
" Jesus Christ, King of the Jews," 

Mockingly they hailed him; 
Then the suffering Savior died; 

Oh, the grief and pity! 
Darkness like a funeral pall 

Fell o'er all the city. 

Look! the night is over now — 

Burst the stony prison; 
Angels smiling at the door — 

• Surely he is risen! 
Yes, he lives and loves us yet, 

Beautiful and tender; 
For the blessed Easter hope 
Dailv praise we'll render. 

A. H. 


Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 

For Aunt Adalyn. 



Dear Aunt Adalyn: Some time ago, when 
we had the lesson about Jesus riding into 
Jerusalem, our teacher told us this little 
story: " Nobody seems to want me," said 
the youngest girl of a large family, " I'm a 
cripple and in everybody's way." As she 
spoke she was passing a bookseller's shop, 
and her eyes fell on the words, " The Lord 
hath need of him." She carefully remem- 
bered the reference and searched it out at 
home. "Jesus once needed a donkey," she 
said, " so perhaps he wants me — a cripple — 
I'll ask him." Forty years afterwards a 
lame Bible woman died, beloved by hundreds 
and blessed by God in her work. That Bi- 
ble woman was once the crippled girl. If 
Jesus can use cripples in that way, what 
might he not do with us well children, who 
have all our senses and the use of all our 
bodily powers? I hope I may not turn 
him down when he asks me to do some- 
thing. With friendly wishes, 

Doris Elwood. 


The Missionary Visitor 



Dear Aunt Adalyn: I told my folks I'd 
be out this evening. When they asked me 
where I was going, I said, "To Elgin!" 
They were, quite astonished, considering I 
had the Rocky Mountains to cross, the 
great central plains, and the mighty Mis- 
sissippi. I just love geography, and I 
thought I'd go on a little trip of my own 
and see if things really looked like the book 
says. They did — and more. It made me 
shiver just to look up at the great masses of 
snow crowning the peaks. Then as the 
train sprang out of a tunnel, I shuddered 
again when I glanced down the awful preci- 
pices beside the track. And the prairies — 
thousands of acres unrolled in great billowy 
blankets, whose decorations seemed to be 
the colors of all crops. And the river — the 
" Father of Waters " — it was one o'clock at 
night when we got to it, but the full moon 
made it look wonderful. When I got off at 
Elgin, a big policeman pointed out the way, 
and here I am! Your friend from the West, 
^ £ Edwin Frantz. 


I am composed of 9 letters. 
My 9, 1, 2, 3, means station. 
My 6, 8, 7, 5, means to economize. 
My 6, 4, 1, 7, 5, is a bondman. 
My 7, 8, 4, 5, is a valley. 
My 4, 8, 9, 3, is a songbird. 
My 3, 1, 4, 5, is a kind of cabbage. 
My 9, 8, 7, 5, 4, is to untwist. 
My 4, 5, 1, 2, is slender. 

My whole is one of our India mission sta- 
tions, g, 

Cross Word 
I am composed of six letters. 
My first is in Europe, but not in Asia. 
My second is in India, but not in Turkey. 
My third is in Sweden, but not in Denmark. 
My fourth is in Thibet, but not in Norway. 
My fifth is in Persia, but not in China. 
My sixth is in Ireland, but not in England. 
My whole is a church holy day. 
February Nuts Cracked 
Inventions. — 1. Par, able, parable. 2. Ara, 
rat, Ararat. 3. Hose, Anna, hosanna. 4. 
Glass, mire, Glasmire. 5. Phi, lemon, 
Philemon. 6. Den, mark, Denmark. 

Transpositions. — 1. Evangelist. 2. Mis- 
sionary. 3. Apostle. 4. Prophet. 5. Pas- 
tor. 6. Teacher. 7. Minister. 8. Bishop. 

Conundrums. — 

1. When they " began to multiply." Gen. 

6: 1. 

2. Because he paid for some land with 

"current money." Gen. 23: 16. 

3. Because he was "a plain man." Gen. 25: 

27. A. V. 

4. Because he told his brothers not to " fall 

out by the way." Gen. 45: 24. 

5. The "tale of the bricks." Ex. 5: 8. A. V. 

6. When they were a " stiffnecked people." 

Ex. 32: 9. 

(March " Nuts " Cracked in May) 


A pour of rain, a peep of green! 
P ack up your gloom, and watch the scene! 
R un up the pennant, dun or blue — 
I t is a sign to friendly crew 
L oaded with gifts to shower you! 


William Norris Burr 

ALL the week long, ever since Sun- 
day, Charlie had carried Something 
around with him that no one but 
himself knew about. Every day when he 
went to school the Something went with 
him. The afternoon that Uncle Joe took 
him out to the Park Museum the Something 
went along. The day the postman brought 
a letter from Father, Charlie came very 
near telling the Something that he had no 
more use for it; but he was not quite 
courageous enough for that, so day after 
day everywhere that Charlie went the 
Something went there, too. 

By and by Sunday came again. When 
Charlie awoke that morning and remem- 
bered what day it was he did not feel ex- 
actly happy in his heart. For he could no 
longer carry the Something around with 
him without letting other people know of it; 
and that meant that Mother and Uncle Joe 
and Aunt Clara would all have the Sorry 
Look on their faces. The thought of that 
Sorry Look on all those faces almost led 
Charlie to open the door and tell the 
Something to. leave and never come back 
again — never! But Something Else came 


The Missionary Visitor 


along just then and persuaded him to hold 
on to the Something. And there it was, 
just where it had been all the week, when 
Mother called and said it was time for 
Charlie to be starting for Sunday-school. 

" I'm not going to Sunday-school any 
more, Mother," Charlie announced, with a 
Black Cloud sort of a look on his face. 
And with that the Something came out where 
Mother and Uncle Joe and Aunt ' Clara 
could see it as plain as day. 

" Why, Charlie, I didn't know you were 
not feeling well," Mother said; and it was 
the Surprised Look that came to her face 
just then. 

"I'm well enough!" Charlie snapped, 
" but I just can't stand it any longer to be 
called ' China,' and that is what that freckle- 
faced Rob Wilson keeps calling me all the 
time. I've had enough of it." 

The Sorry Look began to show itself 
pretty strongly on Mother's face, but it 
didn't come out on Uncle Joe's at all. He 
had been a boy himself once, and he knew 
all about the Feelings that are likely to be 
getting their grip on a boy. 

"Not ashamed of old China, are you?" 
Uncle Joe looked as sunny as a mid-sum- 
mer morning as he asked this question. 

"No, I'm not!" The Snappy Mood still 
had its grip on Charlie. " But I don't like 
to be called ' China ' all the time by such a 
fellow as Rob Wilson. I'm not a Chinese 
if I was born in China. Last Sunday he 
called me a ' Chink,' and that settled it. 
No more Sunday-school for me with Rob 
Wilson in the class.' 

" What kind of work is your father do- 
ing, Charlie?" The Sunny Look was staying 
right along on Uncle Joe's face. 

" Missionary." 

" What do the heathen Chinese people 
sometimes call the missionaries and other 
American and English people who are in 

" Foreign devils." 

" Does your father pack his trunk and 
come home just because some of the Chi- 
nese people call him by an unpleasant 

" N-no, he stays. He stayed right 
through the Boxer trouble." In Charlie's 
eyes his father was a hero. 

"And he's staying now right by the peo- 

ple who call him unpleasant names, trying 
to help them to a better life, while Mother 
and his boy Charlie are in this country for 
a year or two?" 

" Ye-es, he is. My father's a stayer, all 
right. He's the best man in this whole 

"How about your father's son: is he a 
' stayer,' too?" 

It was the Softened Look that came to 
Charlie's face as Uncle Joe put this ques- 

" I suppose I ought to stand Rob Wil- 
son's abuse if Father can stand it to be 
called mean names. I — hadn't thought of it 
in just that way." And Charlie picked up 
his books and trudged off to Sunday-school 
with Uncle Joe and Aunt Clara. 

It was the Tender Look that came to 
Mother's face as she watched them from 
the window and thought of Father away 
off in China and how he was helping their 
boy to learn to be a " stayer." — S. S. Times. 

& J8 

Just Balanced 

One of the " Chinks " that Charlie's daddy is try- 
ing to help. No one else but a Chinese would use 
a stone to equalize or balance his load. He never 
thinks of dividing the load, and so walks many 
miles in this way. 

" Christ alone carries love across the gulf 
of race and nation, and seeks to make man- 
kind genuinely one." — Robert E. Speer. 


The Missionary Visitor 



MISS FORD, Howard's Sunday- 
school teacher, had given each one 
of the boys in her class a penny, 
and told them during the next week to see 
to how large a sum each of them could in- 
crease it. For next Sunday a contribution 
was to be taken up for the Fresh Air Fund, 
a beautiful charity which sends people away 
into the country who can't afford to go 
themselves. And Miss Ford wanted her 
boys to earn their money themselves — not 
to have it given to them. 

" For it will mean more to you boys if 
you work for it," she said. 

Howard thought it over very carefully, 
and, finally, he asked mama if he might go 
to the store and buy a cent's worth of pop- 

" What are you going to do with it, dear?" 
she asked. And then he told her his plan, 
and mama entered into it as heartily as he 

Together they popped the cent's worth of 
corn and put it into a clean, white paper 
bag, and then Howard took it over to an 
old gentleman who lived near them, who 
he knew was very fond of popcorn, and 
asked him if he wanted to buy this bagful. 

"How much is it?" asked Mr. Murray. 

" Is it worth 3 cents, do you think?" asked 
Howard timidly. 

"Just about, I should think. Yes, I'll 
take it, my boy. And it's very good, too," 
he adde'd, after his first mouthful. 

Howard bought 3 cents' worth of pop- 
corn this time and sold three more bagfuls 
at 3 cents apiece, so he had 9 cents. Ma- 
ma told him that if he'd buy a pound of 
sugar, which would be 6 cents, some milk, 
some chocolate, and some vanilla which 
she could afford to sell him for 3 cents, 
she'd show him how to make some fudge. 
They had just a pound when it was done; 
and then Howard printed this sign very 

" Candy sweet 
That can't be beat," 

and nailed it up by the fence. Mama told 
him that he had better sell two of the 
squares for a cent, and he arranged it very 
temptingly on a little table, and waited for 

They came slowly, but by supper time the 

fudge was all gone, and he had 22 cents in 
his pocket. 

The next day was Sunday, and nobody 
was happier than Howard, says a writer in 
The Advance, when he dropped his money 
into Miss Ford's hand. 

* * * 

" Now I've only a cent! I can't give that 
to the missionaries," said little Una, dole- 
fully. " I had saved ten cents, and I've lost 
it. Oh, dear! I am sorry. I don't want 
to go to the meeting now." 

" Don't cry, Una," said her teacher, Miss 
Watkins. " Give your cent; it is all you 
have just now, and you would give more 
if you could." 

" Yes, I would," Una said, slowly; " but 
will a cent do the missionaries any good?" 

" I am sure it will," said Miss Watkins, 
firmly, "if you give it with your prayers; 
it is not what we give, but how we give, 
that really matters." 

The cent was given to a missionary who 
heard from Miss Watkins of little Una's 
offering, and her fear lest it should be too 
small to do any good. The missionary 
kept the coin, and bought with it a little 
colored print of Jesus on the cross. This 
little picture he took with him to southern 
India, and one day, when passing through a 
heathen village where the people had al- 
ways refused to listen to his preaching, he 
nailed it to the trunk of a tree. 

The people crowded round it, full of curi- 
osity. "What is this?" they asked. "What, 
has that Man done to be so punished? Tell 
us his story." 

The people listened eagerly to the story 
of the cross, all eyes fixed on the little pic- 
ture. Since that day the missionary is al- 
ways welcome in the village, which has now 
many Christians. 

The Power of Intercession 

The weary ones had rest, the sick had joy 
that day, 
And wondered how. 
The plowman, singing at his work, had 
" God help them now." 

Our Brother, our Pattern, our Guide; 
The Hope of all lands, our Comfort and 
For aye may his presence abide! 

A. H. B. 



The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of February, the Board sent 
out 5,226 tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during February: 

Calif or n ia — $5 .60 

No. Dist., Cong.: T. N. Beckner (dec'd) 
(Empire), $2; Mrs. T. N. Beckner (Empire), 
$1.60, $ 3 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: First Los Angeles, $1.50; 
C. Ernest Davis (M. N.) (La Verne), 50c, *2 00 

Colorado— $15.00 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: Elizabeth Haney, 15 00 

Delaware — $2.00 

Indv.: Miss Beulah M. Hostedler, 2 00 

Florida— $6.40 

Cong.: Arcadia, $6; Indv.: D. M. Irvin, 

40c, 6 40 

Idaho— $5.00 

Cong.: Fruitland, 5 00 

Illinois— $132.65 

No. Dist., Cong.: Milledgeville, $70; Na- 
perville, $41.43; Ezra Lutz (M. N.) (Mt. 
Carroll), 50c; Indv.: D. C. McGonigle, $15, 126 93 

So. Dist., Cong.: Individual (Girard), $1; 

S. S.: Woodland, $4.72, 5 72 

Indiana— $210.75 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $10.30; 
Bachelor Run, $87; Nora E. Seitner, Man- 
chester, $1; Indv.: Emanuel Leckrone, 45c, 98.75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Margaret Welbon 
(Union), $2; S. S. : Ladies' Bible Class, First 
So. Bend, $5; Indv.: Mary Yoder, $100, .... 107 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Wm. Stout (Nettle 

Creek) 5 00 

Iowa— $18.31 

Mid. Dist., Indv.: Albert W. Norris, 1 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Liberty ville 17 31 

Kansas— $122.87 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Parsons, 8 50 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: McPherson, $73.87; 
Mary C. Adams (McPherson), $5; S. P. 
Weaver (E. Wichita), $25; Eld. D. H. Heck- 
man (M. N.) (Garden City), 50c; Indv.: 

Katie Yost, $10, 114 37 

Maryland— $109.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mary M. Hinshaw (Wash- 
ington City), $2; Blue Ridge College, $101, 103 00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eld. John A. Myers 
(Licking Creek), 5 00 

W. Dist., Indv.: Clarence E. Coleman, ... 1 00 

Minnesota— $19.00 

Cong.: Eld. P. A. Nickey (Hancock), 
$15; Dorsey Weimer (Monticello), $2; Indv.: 

Mrs. J. W. Broadwater, Sr., $2, 19 00 

Missouri — $42.50 

No. Dist., S. S.: Rockingham, 37 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Dry Fork, 5 50 

Montana— $5.90 

E. Dist., Indv.: R. R. Riley, 5 90 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Cong.: Susan Roelofsz (Lincoln), 10 00 

New Jersey — $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. Louisa Burris, 2 00 

North Dakota— $16.00 

Indv.: Henry Kile, $10; Elizabeth Kile, $6, 16 00 

Ohio— $30.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Canton Center, .... 17 50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Bethel (Salem), 12 50 

Pennsylvania— $1,586.28 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lethe A. Lisky (Lebanon), 
$1.20; Eld. Nathan Martin (M. N.) (Mid- 
way), 50c, 1 70 

Mid. Dist., Cong. : Joseph and Tilithe Craw- 
ford (Everett), 5 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: L. H. Leiter, Wife and 
Daughter (Back Creek), $25; W. B. Har- 
lacher (Hanover), $2; S. S. : " Victors " 
Class, Carlisle, $10; Indv.: M. O. Myers, 
$5.50; Susie Walker Resser, $1, 43 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia, 
$500; Green Tree, $150; Coventry, $95; S. S.: 
Coventry, $55; C. W. S.: Coventry, $50,.. 850 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Brothersvalley, $13.25; 
Morrellville, $200; Rummel, $362.40; W. A. 
Allison and Wife (Rummel), $5; S. S. : 
Junior Boys' Class, Rummel, $16.63; Junior 
Girls' Class, Rummel, $14.30; Intermediate 
Boys' Class, Rummel, $25.08; Primary Class 
No. 1, Rummel, $19.87; Primary Class No. 2, 
Rummel, $7.80; Beginners' Class, Rummel, 
$10.75; Indv.: Brother and Family, $10; 

Thomas Harden, $1, 686 08 

South Carolina — $5.00 

Indv.: J. I. Branscom, 5 00 

Sweden— $39.92 

Congregations of Sweden, 39 92 

Virginia — $130.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Geo. W. Shaffer (Val- 
ley), $2; S. S.: Valley, $50.37, 52 37 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Christine Pursley, 3 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Salem, $53.78; C. W. S. : 
Greenmount, $10, 63 78 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: M. D. Hess (Bridge- 
water), 25c; Barbara V. Ringgold (Bridge- 
water), $6; Indv.: Jacob D. Miller, $3.60; 

John W. Wright, $1, 10.85 

Washington— $2.00 

Indv.: Mrs. E. J. Hunt 2 00 

West Virginia— $18.00 

First Dist., Cong.: Kennie Cooper (Har- 
man), 18 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 15,290 05 

Total for the month, $17,824 23 

Total previously reported, 20,08199 

Total for the year, $37,906 22 

Illinois — $10.00 

No. Dist., Students and Faculty of Beth- 
any Bible School, 10 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 170 00 

Total for the month, $. . . . 180 00 

Total previously reported, 5,413 24 

Total for the year, $ 5,593 24 

California — $35.00 

So. Dist., Aid Societies: La Verne, $10; 

Pomona, $25, 35 00 

Idaho and W. Montana— $28.00 

Aid Societies, 28 00 

Kansas— $42.40 

N. E. Dist., Aid Societies: Morrill, $10; 
E. Maple Grove, $10; Sabetha Sisters, $10; 
Overbrook Sisters, $10; Chapman Creek, 

$2.40, 42 40 

Maryland— $270.00 

Mid. Dist. Aid Societies, 270 00 

Minnesota — $20.00 

Aid Society: Root River, 20 00 

Ohio— $30.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Bear Creek, $10; Aid 
Societies: Beaver Creek, $10; Poplar Grove, 
$10, 30 00 



The Missionary Visitor 


Oregon— $4.00 

Aid Society: Ashland, 4 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 57 40 

Total for the month, $ 486 80 

Total previously reported j 7,864 22 

Total for the year, $ 8,351 02 

Idaho— $10.00 

Indv.: C. H. Sheets and Wife 10 00 

Indiana — $5.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Brother (Roann), .. 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $2.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. 56571 (Lower Cum- 
berland), 2 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment 449 00 

Total for the month, $ 466 00 

Total previously reported 124 23 

Total for the year, $ 590 23 

(For World-Wide Missions) 
Colorado— $42.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Denver 17 00 

S. E. Dist., Indv.: Elizabeth Haney 25 00 

Illinois— $57.24 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark, $51.24; S. S. : 
Columbia, $4, 55 24 

So. Dist., Indv.: E. S. Brothers, 2 00 

Indiana— $124.72 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Creek, $24.72; 
S. S. : "Willing Workers" Class, Plunge 

Creek Chapel, $100, 124 72 

Maryland— $15.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: A Family (Middletown 

Valley), 15 00 

Minnesota— $19.50 

Cong. : Monticello 19 50 

Missouri— $62.50 

No. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, $7.50; 
S. S. : Live Wire Class, Rockingham, $15; 

No. St. Joseph, $40, 62 50 

Nebraska— $10.00 

Cong.: Susan Roelofsz (Lincoln), 10 00 

New Jersey— $3.00 

Indv.: Carrie Gary, $2; Paul Gary, $1, . . 3 00 

North Dakota— $35.70 

S. S.: Surrey , 35 70 

Ohio— $145.50 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: A Brother and Sister 
(Black River), $50; Aid Society: Owl Creek, 
$50; Black River Ladies, $35, 135 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Salem, $9.50; Indv.: D. 

C. Flory and Wife, $1, 10 50 

Pennsylvania — $532.07 

E. Dist., Cong.: W. Green Tree, $65.67; 
Eld. J. G. Reber (Maiden Creek), $75, 140 67 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Lewistown, 124 40 

So. Dist., Cong.: Carlisle, $15; Mission- 
ary Association (Antietam), $150; Indv.: 
Blanche Griest, $2 167 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: E. T. Cecil Snyder (Pitts- 
burgh), 100 00 

Tennessee— $7.00 

Cong.: Mountain Valley, 7 00 

Virginia— $56.00 

First Dist., S. S.: Peters Creek, 50 00 

No. Dist., Indv.: Frank Stultz and Wife, 2 00 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, 4 00 

Washington— $2.00 

Cong.: Reuben Breshears (Omak) 2 00 

Wisconsin— $5.00 

Indv.: Mildred and Elizabeth Clair, $2; 
Mrs. L. A. Clair, $3, 3 00 

Total for the month $ 1,117 23 

Total previously reported, 35,855 59 

Total for the year, $36,972 82 


Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 25 00 

Total for the month $ 25 00 

Total previously reported, 00 

Total for the year, $ 25 00 

Michigan — $4.40 

Cong.: Battle Creek 4 40 

Missouri— $7.03 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Ever Ready" Class, 

Prairie View, 7 03 

Pennsylvania — $23.55 

Mid. Dist., S. S. : Raven Run 16 36 

So. Dist., S. S.: Eastville (Sugar Valley), 7 19 
Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 552 65 

Total for the month, $ 587 63 

Total previously reported, 2,992 31 

Total for the year $ 3,579 94 


Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 140 02 

Total for the month, $ 140 02 

Total previously reported, 1,87137 

Total for the year, $ 2,011 39 

Indiana— $70.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Edith Lees (Peru), 

$35; S. S.: Bethany Class, Peru, $35, 70 00 

Minnesota — $25.00 

C. W. S.: Lewiston, 25 00 

Missouri — $7.60 

No. Dist., S. S.: Wakenda, 7 60 

Nebraska— $20.00 

S. S.: Octavia, 20 00 

Pennsylvania— $23.75 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, $6.25; S. 

S.: Maple Glen, $17.50, 23 75 

Virginia— $35.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Two Classes of Girls, 
Mill Creek, 35 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 330 60 

Total for the month, $ 51195 

Total previously reported, 3,117 06 

Total for the year, $ 3,629 01 

Illinois— $25.00 

No. Dist., Aid Society: Hickory Grove 
Ladies, 25 00 

Indiana— $258.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Live Wire" Class, 
Courter (Peru), 25 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Yellow River, $58; 
Henry E. Foust and Wife (Plymouth), 
$50; S. S. : First So. Bend, $25; Primary 
Dept., Walnut, $25; "Anchor " Class, No. 
Winona, $50; C. W. S.: Y. P., Goshen City, 
$25, 233 00 

Kansas— $12.50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Christian Friendship 
Circle (New Hope), 12 50 

Maryland— $30.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Sunshine Band (Meadow 
Branch), $25; S. S. : Edgewood, $5 30 00 

Michigan— $62.50 

S. S. : "Gleaners" Class, Lake View, 

$50; Sunfield, $12.50, 62 50 

Missouri— $100.00 

No. Dist., Indv.: Geo. A. Miller, 100 00 


The Missionary Visitor 


North Dako ta— $ 0.00 

S. S. : Kenmare, Minot, Surrey and Ber- 

thold, 50 00 

Ohio— $110.54 

X. E. Dist., S. S.: New Philadelphia, .... 29 54 

X. W. Dist., C. W. S.: Sugar Creek, $25; 
Alvordton and " Band of Hope " S. S. 
Class, Silver Creek, $50, 75 00 

So. Dist., S. S. : "Busy Workers" Class, 
Pitsburg, .' 6 00 

Oregon— $12.50 

S. S.: Xewberg, $8.50; C. W. S.: Newberg, 
$4, 12 50 

Pennsylvania— $456.25 

E. Dist., Cong.: Jos. H. Eshelman and 
Wife (Elizabethtown), $100; S. S. : "Will- 
ing Workers " Class (Elizabethtown), $6.25; 
Aid Society: Elizabethtown Sisters, $50, .. 156 25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Roaring Spring, $50; 
S. S. : Williamsburg, $50; Curryville (Wood- 
bury), $50; Clover Creek, $50, 200 

So. Dist., Cong. : Jacob G. Aldinger 
(York), 50 

W. Dist., S. S.: Willing Helpers' Class, 
Diamondville (Manor), $25; Friendly Bible 
Class, Brothersvalley, $25, 50 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 173 

Total for the month, $ 1,290 

Total previously reported, 6,017 

Total for the year, $ 7,308 


Indiana— $10.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Society: Huntington 
County, 10 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment 63 56 

Total for the month, $ 73 56 

Total previously reported, 1,575 87 

Total for the year, $ 1,649 43 

Maryland — $2.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Eld. John A. Myers 
(Licking Creek), 2 00 

Total for the month, $ 2 00 

Total previously reported, 166 00 

Total for the year, $ 168 00 


Iowa — $60.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Sheldon CO 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 35 00 

Total for the month $ 95 00 

Total previously reported 100 00 

Total for the year S 195 00 


Florida— $1,500.00 

Cong.: J. H. Garst (Sebring) (For Elec- 
tric Light Plant), 1,500 00 

Illinois— $4.00 

So. Dist., Indv.: Winfield B. Ross, 4 00 

Maryland— $16.85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Hagerstown, $15.85; 
Eld. John A Myers (Licking Creek), $1, 16 85 

Pennsylvania— $17.75 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, 17 75 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 335 15 

Total for the month, $ 1,873 75 

Total previously reported, 2,904 62 

Total for the year, $ 4,778 37 

Indiana — $75.00 

Xo. Dist., S. S.: Pleasant Valley, Mid- 
dlebury, Shipshewana, English Prairie, To- 

peka and Rock Run, 75 00 

Kansas — $75.00 

N. W. Dist., S. S.: Gospel Workers' 
Class, Quinter, 75 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment 244 79 

Total for the month, $ 394 79 

Total previously reported 1,190 50 

Total for the year, $ 1,585 29 

Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 10 00 

Iowa— $4.17 

No. Dist., S. S. : "Missionary Class" 

Curlew 4 17 

Maryland— $17.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Sam's Creek, 17 50 

Pennsylvania— $3.12 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, 3 12 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 75 16 

Total for the month $ 109 95 

Total previously reported, 402 49 

Total for the year, $ 512 44 


Illinois— $10.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, 10 00 

Iowa— $4.18 

Xo. Dist., S. S. : "Missionary Class" 

Curlew, 4 18 

Nebraska— $30.00 

Aid Society: Afton, 30 00 

Ohio— $35.55 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Springfield, $28.55; 
" True Blue " Class, E. Chippewa, $4; " Good 

Samaritan" Class, E. Chippewa, $3, 35 55 

Pennsylvania— $3.13 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morrellville, 3 13 

Virginia— $6.00 

No. Dist., S. S. : Character Builders' Class, 
Pine Grove (Greenmount), 6 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 57 61 

Total for the month, S 146 47 

Total previously reported 488 71 

Total for the year, $ 635 18 

Arizona— $6.38 

S. S. : "Workers" and "Standard Bear- 
ers for Jesus" Classes, Glendale, , 6 38 

Colorado— $25.00 

X. E. Dist., Aid Society: Haxtun Sisters, 25 00 

Illinois— $87.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: Woodland, $75; "Stand 
True and Ready " Class, Woodland, $12.50, 87 50 

Indiana— $43.75 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Helping Hand" Class, 
Eel^ River 25 00 

Xo. Dist., S. S. : "Elite" Class, Xappa- 

nee, 18 75 

Ohio— $15.00 

X. W. Dist., S. S.: Lima, 15 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

W. Dist., S. S. : Laborers for the Master, 
O. A. B. C. Class, Pike (Brothersvalley), 25 00 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 
ment, 164 18 

Total for the month, $ 366 81 

Total previously reported, 1,787 10 

Total for the year $ 2,153 91 


The Missionary Visitor 



Illinois— $50.00 

So. Dist., C. W. S.: Okaw, 

Transferred from the Forward 


Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

50 00 
50 00 

100 00 
250 45 

Total for the year, $ 350 45 

Ohio— $28.55 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Springfield, 

Transferred from the Forward Move- 

28 55 
436 65 

Total for the month, , 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, 


Transferred from the Forward Move- 

465 20 
95 71 

560 91 

60 00 

Total for the month, ... 
Total previously reported, 

60 00 
34 00 

Total for the year, $ 94 00 


Transferred from the Forward " Move- 
ment, 390 00 

Total for the month, $ 390 00 

Total previously reported, 22 00 

Total for the year, 


Indiana— $39.24 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Marie Shively (West 

No. Dist., S. S.: Cedar Lake,, $15; Inter- 
mediate Class, Cedar Lake, $6.39; Class No. 

5, English Prairie, $2.85, 

Maryland— $12.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Broadfording, $10; Eld. 
John A. Myers (Licking Creek), $2 

Michigan— $13.01 

Cong.: Battle Creek Mission, 

Ohio— $15.00 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Elizabeth Toms (Owl 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: P. F. Dukes and Wife 

Pennsylvania— $185.02 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lititz, $42.02; Emmert 
Basehore (Spring Creek), $5; Henry H. 
Reber (Maiden Creek), $10; S. S.: Mid- 
way, $30; Young Men's Bible Class, Spring 
Creek, $15; Hopeful Class, Spring Creek, 

So. Dist., Cong.: L. H. Leiter, Wife and 
Daughter (Back Creek), 25; S. S.: Hamp- 
ton (Upper Conewago), $18; " Willing 
Workers " Class, Hampton (Upper Cone- 
wago), $5 

S. E. Dist., S. S. : Harmony ville, 

W. Dist., Cong.: Scalp Level, 

West Virginia— $5.00 

First Dist., S. S.: White Pine, 

412 00 

15 00 
24 24 

12 00 

13 01 

10 00 
5 00 

122 02 

48 00 
10 00 

5 00 

Total for the month, $ 269 27 

Total previously reported, 2,685 27 

Total for the year, $ 2,954 54 

Ohio— $25.00 

N. W. Dist., Indv. : John Sponseller and 

Wife 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $7.96 

So. Dist., S. S. : Dillsburg (Lower Cum- 

7 96 

berland), $2.71; "Willing Workers" Class, 
Browns Mill (Falling Spring), $5.25, 

Total for the month, $ 32 96 

Total previously reported, 1,567 19 

Total for the year, $ 1,600 15 


Delaware— $10.00 

Indv.: F. H. and F 10 00 

Idaho— $35.00 

S. S.: Boise Valley, 35 00 

Illinois— $5.52 

No. Dist., S. S.: Birthday Collection of 
Primary Dept., Milledgeville 2 28 

So. Dist., S. S.: Oakley, 3 24 

Indiana — $11.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Peru, $10; Josephine 

Hanna (Logansport), $1, 1100 

Iowa— $10.06 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Frank Rhodes (Dallas 

Center), 10 00 

Maryland— $15.00 

E. Dist., Cong.: Eld. J. M. Prigel (Long 
Green Valley), $10; Emma Newhauser (Long 
Green Valley), $2; Anna Southard (Long 

Green Valley), $3, 15 00 

Ohio— $68.32 

So. Dist., Cong.: Painter Creek, $52.82; C. 

W. S.: New Carlisle, $15.50, 68 32 

Oklahoma— $2.00 

Cong.: Mrs. L. M. Dodd (Guthrie), .... 2 00 

Pennsylvania— $154.44 

E. Dist., Cong.: Palmyra, $29.91; Lititz, 
$42.03; Jas. N. Wright and Wife (Big 
Swatara), $50 121 94 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: First Altoona, $10; 
James Creek, $6, 16 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Falling Spring 1150 

W. Dist., Cong.: Scalp Level, 5 00 

Virginia— $15.40 

So. Dist., Cong.: Christiansburg, 15 40 

Washington— $62.16 

Cong.: Olympia, $12.16; S. S. : Sunny 
Slope, $50 62 16 

Total for the month, $ 388 84 

Total previously reported, 2,854 28 

Total for the year, $ 3,243 12 


Transferred from the Forward Move- 

37 00 

.$ 37 00 
465 23 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

Total for the year, $ 502 23 


Michigan— $25.00 

Cong.: C. M. and Olive N. Mote (Beaver- 

25 00 

Total for the month, 

Total previously reported, 

25 00 
240 00 

Total for the year, $ -265 00 

The benefit we receive must be rendered 
again line for line, cent for cent, deed for 
deed, to somebody. Beware of too much 
good staying in your hand. It will fast 
corrupt. Pay it away quickly in some sort. 
— Emerson. 























H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. CHAS. D. BONSACK, Elgin 

OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, Ind. 


J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa 


yx SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa- 
tional Secretary, Editor Missionary Visitor. 
M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mi-ua Secretary. 
CLYDE M. CULP, Treasure 

H. C. EARLY, President. 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President 
CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 


Forney, Anna M. 
Replogle, Sara G. 


Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

•Esbensen, Niels 

•Esbensen, Christine 
Frilsgatan No. 1 
Malmo, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Ping Ting Chow 
Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna V. 

Bright, J. Homer 

Bright, Minnie F. 

Coffman, Dr. Carl 

Coffman, Feme H. 

Crumpacker, F. H. 

Crumpacker, Anna M. 

Flory, Edna R. 

Horning, Emma 

Metzger, Minerva 

Oherholtzer, I. E. 

Oherholtzer^ Elizabeth W. 

Rider, Bessie M. 

Shock, Laura J. 

Sollenberger, O. C. 

Sollenherger, Hazel Cop- 

Vaniman, Ernest D. 

Vaniman, Susie C. 

Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 

Wampler, Rebecca C. 

Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School 
Pekin, China 

Blickenstaff, Miles 
Blickenstaff, Erma 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 
Bowman, Pearl S. 
Cline, Mary E. 
Cripe, Winnie E. 
Horning, Dr. D. L. 
Horning, Martha Daggett 
Hutchison, Anna 
Miller, Valley 
Pollock, Myrtle 
Seese, Norman A. 
Seese, Anna 
Senger, Nettie M. 
Wampler, Ernest M. 
Wampler, Vida A. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace 
Flory, Byron M. 

Flory, Nora 
Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Smith, W. Harlan 
Smith, Frances Sheller 
Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. 
C. A., Shansi, China 
Myers, Minor M. 
Myers, Sara Z. 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunnlag 
Canton, China 
*Gwong, Moy 
On Furlough 
Flory, Raymond C, Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 
Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Detained beyond furlough 

Brubaker, Dr O. G., 

North Manchester, Ind. 
Brubaker, Cora M. 
North Manchester, .ad. 

Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach 

Grisso, Lillian 

Lichty, D. J. 

Miller, Eliza B. 

Miller, A. S. B. 

Miller, Jennie B. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., 

Blickenstaff, Lynn 

Blickenstaff, Mary 

Eby, E. H. 

Eby, Emma H. 

Hoffert. A. T. 

Kintncr, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Shickel, Elsie 

Shumaker, Ida 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
Dahanu, Thana D'st., 1 \d.a 

Alley. Howard L. 

Alley. Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Royer, B. Mary 

Shull, Chalmer G. 

Shull, Mary S. 
Jalalpor, Surat \J »., .ndia 

Forney, D. I.. 





Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P. 
Brumbaugh, Anna B. 
Hollenberg, Fred M. 
Hollenberg, Nora R. 
Kaylor, John 1. 
Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 
Garner, Kathryn B. 

Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 
Holsopple, Q. A. 
Holsopple, Kathren R. 
Miller. Sadie J 

Vyara via Surat, India 

Bio -eh, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Mow, Anetta 
Summer, Benjamin F. 
Widdowson, Olive 

On Furlough 

Arnold S. Ira. McPherson, 

Arnold, Elizabeth. Mc- 
I'h^rsnn. Kan< 

Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Long, Effie V., Bridgewa- 
ter, Va. 

Nick y. Dr. Rarhara M.. 
Monticello Minn. 

Powell, Josephine, Aurora, 

Ross, A. W.. No. Man- 
chester, Ind.. care of 

Ross. Flora N., No. Man- 
chester. Ind., care of 

Detained beyond furlough 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R., 3435 
Van Buren St., Chicago 

Cottrell. Dr Laura M., 3435 
V-ri B'-ren St., Chicago 

Eby Anna M., Trotwood, 

Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Pittenget, Florence B., 
Fleasant Hill, Ohio 

Stover. W. B., Mt. Morris, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 

Swar z, Coldie E., Ash- 
land, Ohio 

Please Notice — Postage on letters to cur is 5c for each ounce or fraction 
thereof and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
* Native workers trained in America. 



4» -^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^Hhl-f^^^^-f 

What We Owe America 

The glory of our great land is yet unfinished. There 
remaineth yet a task for the church. If this be true we 
want to know what we owe and how to pay it. Let every 
church do her duty by engaging in 


Two splendid books are offered, viz.: 

From Survey to Service, by Harian Paul Douglass. 

A study of some of the great problems before the 
Christian forces of America as revealed by recent surveys. 
A splendid book for mixed groups, especially the adults. 

Cloth, 75^; paper, 50^, postpaid. 

Suggestions to Leaders of study classes using From 
Survey to Service, 15^. 

Suggestions for Programs based on From Survey to 
Service, 15ff. 

Playing Square With Tomorrow, by Fred Eastman. 

This new book presents a challenge to the young 
people to choose the path of service rather than self-in- 
terest. The needs of rural communities, of new Ameri- 
cans, of migrant workers, of Indians and Mexicans in the 
United States are made very clear and real. 

Cloth, 75^; paper, 50^, postpaid. 

Suggestions to Leaders of classes using Playing 
Square With Tomorrow, 15^. 

Suggestions for Programs based on Playing Square 
With Tomorrow, 15^. 

To order books address: — 

Brethren Publishing House, Elgin, Illinois 

Ask for a Mission Study Prospectus listing all study books 

For information address, 

!er\eral Mission. Board 




Elgirv Illinois 


Churclvof the 'Brethren 


ny, 1922 

NO. 5 

Graduates of Anklesvar Primary School and Now in Normal 
School, India 

Wlllillll 1 :' llllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll ~ ! iii!llllllllilllllilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll!lllllli^ 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included m EACH donation of two dellars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request annually, the Visitor will 
be sent to ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 


Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of j 

October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. \ 


Contents for May, 1922 



The General Mission Board Meeting, 130 

The Conference Offering, 133 

A Word of Greeting from China, By Rev. Watts O. Pye, 134 

Chips from the Workhouse, By Daniel Vaniman. 136 

Knowledge Brings Relief, By Nettie M. Senger, 137 

A Heathen Convert's Joy (Poem), By Bessie Albaugh 138 

Helen Keller and Her Bible, By A. Wesley Mell 138 

China Notes for February, 140 

India Notes for February, By Sara G. Replogle, 142 

Dr. Ida Kahn, By V. Grace Clapper, 144 


Home Missions and the Annual Conference, By M. R. Zigler 146 

Western Canada, By J. H. Brubaker, 147 


From Our Daily Mail, .148 

Missionary Methods, 149 

Our Book Department, 151 

General Missionary News, 152 


Tomorrow Will Do (Poem), By A. H. B, 153 

By the Evening Lamp, 153 

Ttie Lady of the Lamp, 155 

Text Illustrations, 156 


Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIV 

MAY, 1922 

Xo. 5 


The 1922 Winona Conference 

When the Brethren go to Conference, the 
railroad men, the gasoline service station 
men, the barking dogs along the way, and 
the chickens trespassing on the public high- 
ways, all sit up and take notice. And on 
many a farm, lonely that week, some young, 
sturdy lad is doing the first corn plowing, 
while his folks have gone to Conference. 
Not only this, but when ten thousand Breth- 
ren, assembled in Conference, go from their 
knees to any task, the devil trembles and 
the work will be done. Possibly no group 
of people go to a conference as do the 
Brethren. Indeed, it is expensive. Any 
transportation agency would covet the privi- 
lege of hauling the folks. Yet it is both ex- 
pensive and cheap. If the Conference does 
what we hope, viz., welds a solidarity of 
Brotherhood and unity of purpose, we 
really have paid a very small price for so 
great a gain. The Conference should do no 
less than this. 

The 1922 Conference at Winona, June 7 
to 13, promises to be as great as any in the 
history of the church. Many constructive 
problems are before us. One of the largest 
is the consolidation of church boards. Let 
us all earnestly pray and study the prob- 
lems before us, that we may not spoil the 
Master's work. 

Every Member Helping — How? 

You say it can't be done? Perhaps not, 
for that would be reaching our ideal, and 
it is seldom we really arrive at this full 
destination. We cannot suggest a method 
whereby all will become interested in the 
work of the church, but we do believe in 
trying to get every one interested. A good 

understanding of human nature will help 
us greatly. We must know that a man is 
most interested in that which has cost him 
something. The mother loves her own child 
better than any other, because it has cost 
her something. The most faithful members 
of the church are those noted for their 
faithfulness in gifts and personal service. 
One might reason that they had done their 
share for the church and should be relieved 
of further obligation. They may merit re- 
lief, but they do not ask nor desire it. They 
want to stay by the job aslong as God lets 
them serve. (Incidentally we have no disci- 
pline problems with such.) 

But how about the fellow who remains 
away from church, has a bad name, does 
not support the work, but still has his name 
on the roll? A certain man soliciting for 
college money went with the elder among 
the members of a certain church. When 
they had finished the solicitor asked if they 
had seen all the members, and the elder re- 
plied, " All who will give anything." The 
solicitor insisted that they see all of them, 
which they did, and received from the last 
group more than from all of the first group. 
Besides this, some of the members were 
praising the Lord for the visit of the Breth- 

We know that there are unfaithful, un- 
interested, stingy, covetous, non-church-at- 
tending, critical members in the church. 
W T hat shall we do for them? Calling names 
will help neither them nor the church. Here 
is where we need wise leadership in the 
churches. Enroll these unfaithful ones 
among those who sweat for the cause, and 
their spiritual dyspepsia will vanish. If 
they are not ready to sweat, get them to 
give as much as possible. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The every-member canvass will do won- 
ders. Folks will give and be glad you came 
if your visit is in the right spirit. 

Recently a church treasurer objected to 
the every-member canvass because one year 
when it was tried he had a lot of bad 
pledges. Too bad, but still we cannot ex- 
pect the weaklings of the flock to be made 
perfect by one every-member canvass. The 
next year the annual missionary offering 
was taken at the church and the weaklings 
(who were at home) didn't get a chance to 
contribute. Is it better to have loved and 
lost or never to have loved at all? 

Two Distinct Losses 

To lose a man's gift for missions is a 
calamity. It means that the program of the 
Lord for the evangelization of the world is 
delayed to the extent of the good the gift 
would have done. But to lose both the 
man's gift and the man is a catastrophe. If 
this b*e true, most of our calamities turn into 
catastrophes, for when a man does not give, 
does not serve, loses his interest in the wel- 
fare of another's soul, then the man him- 
self is soon lost. It is pretty difficult for 
a man to be saved unless he is saved to 
serve. The forces working for the evan- 
gelization of the world should have every 
Christian's support for the work that can 
be done and for the reflex influence upon 
the giver. ^ 


The April meeting, which is one. of the 
four regular sessions of the Board, ad- 
journed on the 21st and left on record a 
number of important actions. We hope that 
this brief report of some of the most im- 
portant questions will be widely read, so 
that all who have been partners in the mis- 
sion work of the church will know what 
is being done and can continue in prayer 
that the work of the church may be ad- 
ministered wisely. 

South China Work 

The mission work in the Sunning County, 
South China, has been pushed forward 
largely by individual effort. It has been 
requested by these supporters that it be 
taken over under the care of the Board. 

For six months it has been under advise- 
ment and the following report of two mem- 
bers of the Board, who were to study it, 
was passed unanimously: 

1. We recommend that the work be taken 
over under the care of the Board and that 
a suitable brother from America be sent 
over to superintend it; that all workers now 
on the field, or to be sent over later, be 
approved by the Board upon the presenta- 
tion of the usual information. 

2. That in taking it over, by the Board, 
it will be their purpose to conduct it along 
pastoral lines, as directed by the Conference, 
and in harmony with the laws of comity, 
with the approval of its present supporters 
to this policy of procedure. 

3. That Moy Gwong, the present native 
worker, under the Board, be continued as a 
native pastor. 

Denmark and Sweden Educational Work 

The Scandinavian Mission, feeling that 
the work can never prosper to any extent 
without trained native workers, and realiz- 
ing the difficulty of securing such without 
some educational plan, has asked the Board 
for the establishment of a school to train 
its workers along biblical and church ad- 
ministration lines. The Board approved the 
plan suggested by Brethren Graybill and 
Glasmire of Sweden and Denmark, respec- 
tively. The time and conditions for the 
establishment of the school are to be de- 
termined upon further study. 

The Prospective Africa Mission 

The location for the Africa Mission re- 
mains a big problem for the Board and the 
workers who are to be sent. It has seemed 
that northern Nigeria would be the most 
suitable territory, since there is an opening 
and it is under British rule. Some 
of Nigeria is largely Mohammedan and 
part of it is pagan. Most of the pagan ter- 
ritory is assumed already by different mis- 
sionary societies, and it would be a big 
problem if we should assume territory that 
is practically Mohammedan. It is true they 
need the Gospel, just as do the pagans, but 
their hostility towards Christianity makes 
it a difficult and dangerous place. Further- 
more, it is likely that converts would be 
won much more slowly than in other fields. 
There are reasons both for and against 



The Missionary Visitor 


going into this territory cf which we speak; 
viz., the Sokoto Province. The Board de- 
sired to make further investigations before 
deciding anything definite about the loca- 

A Williams Memorial 
After the death of our dear Bro. J. H. 
B. Williams there was considerable desire 
to establish a memorial to his name in our 
mission fields. The difficulty of deciding 
the kind of a memorial and where it should 
be located caused the delay, and Brethren 
J. J. Yoder and Charles D. Bonsack, who 
were appointed to study the question, 
brought the following report, which was 

1. We do not recommend a general me- 
morial, but encourage each mission field to 
so designate such a memorial as their 
plans and judgment may direct. 

2. That such a memorial be designated 
in Africa as soon as a suitable and perma- 
nent building is erected. 

Ford Cars for Our China Mission 
The China Mission now has a good auto- 
mobile road between Ping Ting and Liao 
Chou, and the distance can be covered by 
auto in a few hours, whereas formerly it 
was necessary to make the trip by donkey, 
which took three days. Rumors that the 
road might not be permanent, because of 
heavy washouts, and that the China govern- 
ment was levying an exorbitant tax on 
automobiles caused the Board to defer ac- 
tion on the request for Fords. Certainly 
the use of an auto between the two stations 
would greatly expedite their work. 

Report of Traveling Secretary for United 
Student Volunteers 

Miss Minneva J. Neher, traveling secre- 
tary for the United Student Volunteers, 
appeared before the Board and gave a much 
appreciated report of her findings among 
the Volunteers in our different colleges. 

Missionary Appointees 
The following workers were approved for 
foreign service, to be sent out this year: 
Miss Mae Wolf, Miss Ada Dunning, E. L. 
Ikenberry, and Miss Ol'via Dickens. Miss 
Wolf goes to India as a nurse. The field 
for the other three appointees has not 
definitely been decided upon at the time of 

this writing. In addition to these, Miss 
Elizabeth Baker, who was ^appointed at an 
earlier meeting, will go to China as a nurse. 
The fields are calling loudly for both doc- 
tors and nurses, and there are not sufficient 
workers in sight to supply the needs for 
some time to come. 

Russian Relief Situation 

A special 'committee, studying this ques- 
tion, brought its report to the Board, and 
the Board decided the following: That we 
continue receiving funds for the relief of 
the stricken in Russia. Our investigation 
leads us to believe that we should remit our 
money through the American Friends 
Service Committee, located at Philadelphia. 
At the suggestion of some of our own mem- 
bers and the agreement of the Friends Com- 
mittee we decide to try to secure two men' 
from our church to place in Russia, to aid 
in the direction of relief work. These 
workers will become a part of the Friends 
personnel in Russia. It is hoped that these 
workers can be found by the time of Con- 
ference, and that they may sail very soon 
thereafter. It is the thought of the Board 
to urge a .response on the part of the 
Brotherhood but not to promote the cam- 
paign to the detriment of other existing 
work in the church. If the crops in Russia 
t.his summer should not be sufficient to 
prevent suffering this coming winter, the 
campaign for funds would likely be pro- 
moted more vigorously this coming autumn. 
It is hoped that all churches which have not 
already done so will make an offering for 
Russian relief work. 

A New Denmark Worker 

The Denmark Mission makes a call for a 
sister to work in the Thy District of Den- 
mark. The Beard approves of the call and 
is seeking a suitable worker to send. 

More Missionaries for Sweden 
The need for additional help for our mis- 
sionaries in Sweden is apparent, and the 
Board decided to try to secure a man and 
wife as missionaries for that field. 

India Missionary Furloughs 
Furloughs w r ere granted in 1923 for the 

following missionaries: 

H. P. Garner and family, Kathryn Zigler, 

Jennie Mohler, and Eliza B. Miller. 


The Missionary Visitor 


China Missionary Furloughs 

Furloughs in 1923 were granted to Wal- 
ter J. Heisey and family, and in 1924 to 
B. M. Flory and family and Edna Flory. 

Library Fund for India 

Some interested folks in the homeland, 
having given money to establish a library 
in India for the missionaries, the Board ap- 
proves of same and of the plan to locate 
this at Bulsar. 

English Baptist Territory in China 
The English Baptist Mission, which has 
territory adjoining the Brethren in Shansi, 
China, has agreed to turn over to us certain 
territory which it is at present unable to 
man properly. The Board feels it would be 
, wise to enlarge our mission territory, but 
defers any definite action until further ad- 
vice can be received from our missionaries. 

Electric Light Plant for the Ping Ting 

A good brother in America donated the 
money to equip the Ping Ting station with 
an electric light plant and the Board is 
-most grateful for the gift. The use of this 
is greatly appreciated by the missionaries, 
especially for the hospital. 

District Mission Board Grants 

Appropriations totaling more than $5,000 
to aid the mission work in eight different 
Districts were granted. The Board is 
earnestly desiring to study and help solve 
Home Mission problems and to grant fi- 
nancial help when expedient. Bro. M. R. 
Zigler, Home Mission Secretary for the 
Board, is giving all of his time in the home 
mission work. He is especially desirous of 
cooperating with the District Mission 
Boards which are already responsible for 
the work in their respective Districts. 

Ministerial Relief 

Relief for four faithful old ministers and 
one minister's widow was granted. The 
Board feels glad that during the past years 
the Brotherhood has made it possible to 
aid those who burned their best years out 
for the church, and are now needy. 

Student Loan Fund Applications 

Requests for aid by four splendid men, 

missionary volunteers, were considered. 
The Board desired to grant the loans, but 
the loan fund for this purpose is already 
overdrawn and the requests were, deferred 
until Conference time, hoping that sOme 
good members or churches somewhere in 
the Brotherhood would feel like making the 
further schooling of these volunteers pos- 
sible without debts on their part. If there 
are churches which would like to help 
these volunteers now they could continue 
supporting them on the field when they go. 
The conditions of the loan fund provide for 
the cancellation of the loan without pay- 
ment after the worker has satisfactorily* 
served the church for five years. If he 
fails to do this the note becomes due, with 
interest, to the General Mission Board. 

Brooklyn Italian Mission Church Building 

Since the District of Southeastern Penn- 
sylvania, New Jersey, and Eastern New 
York decides the time is ripe for the erec- 
tion of a church building and parsonage for 
the Italian Mission in Brooklyn, and the 
District is not able to handle the entire 
proposition alone, the General Mission 
Board will cooperate, and decided to make 
an appeal to all Sunday-schools in the 
Brotherhood for funds to aid in the erection 
of this building. This will be a great op- 
portunity for all the children of our schools 
to help in this foreign mission problem, 
located in the homeland. Further announce- 
ment of funds will be made when all the 
plans are matured. 

Summer Pastorates 

The Board appropriated a sum, not to ex- 
ceed $2,500, for the Home Department of the 
Board, to aid in placing suitable student 
volunteers and other ministers in needy 
churches for the summer. This is a rather 
new plan, and some folks commenting on 
it say it is among the best moves the Board 
has made for some time. 

Green County (Virginia) Industrial School 

The prospects for a piece of real home 
mission work in Green County, Va., where 
Nelie Wampler has done such splendid 
work, are now within sight. The Board is 
assisting the District. A farm of about 350 
acres has been purchased and buildings 

M|J The Missionary Visitor 133 

for the school will be erected. This is to kingdom, and we believe he has certainly 

be an industrial project, suited to the needs answered our prayers. We feel, too, that 

of the mountaineers who inhabit that sec- these things could not be possible without 

tion. The Board will cooperate in secur- a praying church. Will you continue to 

ing suitable workers and in promoting the prav> tnat the Board and the secretaries in 

development of the school and community. w hose hands much responsibility is placed 

The Board has earnestly implored the may continue faithful and be blessed with 

aid of our Heavenly Father in all these good judgment, that the important work of 

problems connected with the work of his the Master be not spoiled but done well? 

The Conference Offering 

June, the Annual Conference month, comes next, and the Brethren 
will soon be wending their way from north, south, east and west to the 
great meeting at Winona Lake. Why do we go? Because in union there 
is strength, in fellowship there is inspiration, and with leaders we shall 
have vision. We come to Conference that the Master's work may be pro- 

It is at this time we have been accustomed to bring our gifts and 
pledges, and this year we want to follow the good example already set 
before us. Do you remember the Conference offering at Winona Lake, 
in ioio, when, under the hallowed leadership of our departed Bro. 
Williams we gave more than was asked f Shall we in remembrance of 
kirn, who certainly watches us with interest, give a plus offering again 
this year? 

The boards of the church have estimated their needs to be as follows: 
General Mission Board, $300,000; General Sunday School Board, $15,- 
000; General Educational Board, $7,500; $4,500 to the other boards of 
the church, with $500 to the American Bible Society, which is authorized 
by Conference. The total general needs of the church are $334,500. 

How splendid, when every congregation cooperates in this great 
work of the church! If a congregation is poor or in adverse circum- 
stances it may give less than more prosperous congregations, but let us 
feel the thrill of knowing that all of the congregations are in active har- 
mony with the missionary work of the church. 

We wonder, too, if some individuals whom the Lord has blessed will 
not feel on this occasion to put in checks for a thousand, and perhaps 
still more favored or generous ones will make the Lord a present of ten 
thousand or whatever the Lord leads them to do. 

The board appreciates your past cooperation, and we want it con- 
tinued. We have faith to believe that your gifts this year will again be 
tangible evidence of your loyalty to God's Word. 

" Let each man do according as he hath purposed in his heart: not grudgingly, or of 
necessity: for God loveth a cheerful giver " (2 Cor. 9: 7). 

Most fraternally yours, 

H. C. Early, Otho Winger, Chas. D. Bonsack, J. J. Yoder, A. P. Blough. 


The Missionary Visitor 



A Word of Greeting From China 


Missionary of the Congregational Church Working in China Territory Adjoining the 

Church of the Brethren Mission 

Editor's Note. — Reports 1 of exceedingly splendid 
work have ccme concerning the work done by Mr. 
Pye, and his word of greeting is in response to 
an invitation to write for the Visitor. 

IN the fall of 1908, a few days after their 
arrival in Taiyuanfu, I met the first 
representatives of the Church of the 
Brethren, and the ties of friendships which 
began there have grown steadily through 
the years and have widened as the number 
of missionaries sent out by your board has 
increased. Today I count among my warm- 
est friends in China some of the mission- 
aries of your board. So it was a special 
pleasure, when your letter came, asking for 
just a word of greeting — all the more so 
that it was our great joy to welcome to our 
mission here in Fenchow the delegation 
which came to China two years ago. Bro. 
Williams spoke most helpfully to us, and it 
was almost with a sense of personal loss 
that the shock came to us of his homegoing. 
He was a man of a rarely beautiful spirit 
and with a great grasp upon the underlying 
principles of missionary endeavor and of 
the great problems which we are facing in 
mission work. I particularly enjoyed, too, 
my conversations with Bro. Yoder. He 
brought a lot of cheer and warmth with 
him and we shall always remember his visit 
to our home with a great deal of pleasure, 
and shall confidently hope to meet him 
again sometime. 

I think it is worth remembering that our 
two missions are the only American mis- 
sions working in Northwest China, so 
naturally our ideas and ideals are very simi- 
lar and our methods of work are much more 
in harmony than is the case with our sister 
missions in Europe. 

These are marvelous days in China, par- 
ticularly in Shansi and Shensi, for the gover- 
nors of these two provinces are outstand- 
ing men. Governor Yen, of Shansi, is but 
a nominal Christian, but places no obstacle 
in the way of the Christian movement in 
the province. On the other hand he ap- 

pears to be sympathetic with the work 
which we are doing, while Governor Feng, 
of Shensi, is a thoroughgoing Christian 
man. By public proclamation he is urging 
upon the people of his province the duty of 
turning away from some of the old practices, 
any of studying the principles of Christian- 
ity and observing their teaching. Just 
recently we had a personal letter from him, 
urging that our Bible Training School 
might send him at once fifty preachers. He 
wished to locate them in the various de- 
partments of his provincial government. All j 
these things mean that we, who are work- I 
ing here in Northwestern China, have a 
unique opportunity, especially since in the 
case of both of these governors they are a 
warm supporters of America, and in the . 
case of Governor Feng, at least, rather cold 
in their attitude toward England. All these 
things naturally reflect themselves in the 
work which we are doing. 

The general situation in China makes this 
a time of unique opportunity, when we 
should be putting forth special efforts for 
the pushing forward of our evangelistic 
and educational work. The Maritime 
Customs estimates that the population of 
China since the Boxer year has increased 
by sixty-eight million souls. This is filling 
the country with young men and women, 
and they want the truth. From our view- 
point it would seem that the Chinese people 
are trembling on the edge of a phenomenal 
renaissance of politics, finance, commerce 
and spirituality. You have but to question 
any missionary or business man in close 
touch with the people to get the most* 
amazing story of the brainstorm raging 
among the educated and proletariat alike, 
and of their immense desire, for truth. The 
Trans-Pacific predicts that within three 
years a phenomenal expansion will take 
place, " which like a tidal wave will sweep 
everything before it: restrictive policies, 
spheres of influence, unclean ambitions, for 



The Missionary Visitor 


in the deep-chested race, covering nearly 
two million square miles of territory, is a 
dynamic impulse that has been too long 

George Sherwood Eddy, after his last 
visit to China, predicted that we should in 
the near future be facing great mass move- 
ments toward the Christian faith, such as 
have been seen in India. I have not been 
able to bring myself to agree with this, be- 
cause the genius of the Chinese people is 
against any such movement. The Chinese 
will not blindly follow any leader. But 
they want to look for themselves into and 
under and over any proposition before ac- 
cepting it. While this is true, I am con- 
vinced that we are facing in the immediate 
future such an influx into the church as shall 
create a real problem for us. That mission 
that can begin now to prepare the Christian 
leadership so that when the numbers who 
come into the church have grown large it 
will have leaders who can receive and train 
them — that mission will be able to do a 
marvelous work for the kingdom of God. 
On the other hand, if we fail to begin now 
and here to train Christian leaders, it means 
that we shall in the course of the years find 
ourselves in a position of danger, for if 
large numbers of untrained and uninstruct- 
ed people are received into the church, it 
creates a spiritual menace. So the train- 
ing of leadership I count as the most im- 
portant thing which we as foreigners can 
do now. More and more the work of build- 
ing up the churches must be done by the 
Chinese themselves. 

This need for leadership means that the 
Christian churches must emphasize- their 
educational work and must build up edu- 
cational institutions which shall command 
the respect and confidence of the gov- 
ernment, as well as meet the need 
for thoroughgoing pedagogical meth- 
ods; for it looks as though China, as in the 
case of Japan, might some day decide to 
close up all schools, whether mission or 
otherwise, which are not up to grade. All 
this means, too, that there must be a greater 
working together and a wider brotherliness 
on the part of the Christian forces in China. 
I think everyone in the Orient is feeling 
this more and more keenly. Conditions are 

very different from those at home and we 
cannot judge of conditions in China by 
those which we have known in America. 
There must be more working together in a 
common effort and in the building up of 
common institutions for our various mis- 
sion organizations. 

It is for this reason that we, on our part, 
welcome most heartily the good fellowship 
and comradeship which is so naturally and 
with such great joy coming to us with mem- 
bers of your mission out here. I hope this 
fellowship may grow closer as the years 
go by, and that we may be able to do a 
far better work because the energies of 
both our missions are united in a single 
endeavor, especially in the building up & of 
our schools of the higher grade. 

Christian education in Shansi is far be- 
hind that in most of the other provinces. 
This is largely due to the fact that the 
larger missions are British, and place com- 
paratively small emphasis upon the educa- 
tional side of mission work. So we feel 
that it is up to our two American missions 
to do all that we possibly can to fill up 
this great lack, and it will take both of us, 
working together, to do it, for probably 
neither of our boards would be able to 
raise large enough sums of money to put 
the thing across as it should be done. 

It is worth doing, both because of the 
great lack of Christian workers in this na- 
tion of four hundred millions (and when we 
recall that there are eight hundred and 
thirty-seven million pagans in the world, 
four hundred million, or nearly one-half of 
whom are in China), and because of the 
position which China must hold in the fu- 
ture. As John Hay wrote fifteen years ago, 
" The storm center of world politics, despite 
all eddies, has moved steadily eastward 
from Rome to the Balkans, to Constanti- 
nople, to the Persian Gulf, to India, to 
China, where it will remain. Whoever un- 
derstands China socially, politically, eco- 
nomically, and religiously holds the key to 
the world's politics for the next five cen- 


The Missionary Visitor 



Chips From the Workhouse 


(An Article that Appeared in the First Visitor in January, 1894) 

Why India Mission Now? 

FOR years there has existed an impres- 
sion in the hearts' of many brethren 
and sisters that a move should be 
made on the part of the Brethren church 
to do our part toward helping the heathen 
into the light and liberty of the Gospel. 
Occasionally a member of the General Mis- 
sionary Committee would be asked, " What 
is the reason that we as a church are doing 
nothing toward the enlightening of the 
heathen?" They would say, "Other de- 
nominations are sending and sustaining mis- 
sionaries by the score in the noble work of 
teaching the heathen the Gospel, while we 
have not a single brother or sister in a 
heathen country. What is the matter with 
us? Does not our church believe that the 
heathen ought also to have the Gospel?" 
Certainly, all the world ought to have the 
Gospel. " Well, then, why does not the 
Missionary Committee do something?" 

Finally, about four years ago, Sister Cas- 
sie Beery, of Ohio, came, before the Gen- 
eral Missionary Committee, declaring her 
intention to go with a Baptist missionary 
into Africa, because there was no way open 
for her to go under the direction and pro- 
tection of our Mission Board, and asked 
the General Committee for advice in refer- 
ence to her going under the direction and 
support of the Baptists. Upon being asked 
how long she had been impressed with the 
idea that the Lord wanted her to go to 
teach the. heathen, she answered, " Ever 
since I was a little girl." " How old are 
you now?" " I am thirty-five years old." 
" Have you considered the risks you take 
in going into that sickly Congo country 
in Africa?" "Yes; I have considered that." 
" Have you thought of the probability of 
never seeing another brother or sister?" 
" Yes, I have, thought over that." " How 
long would you expect to stay?" "Always. 
I would not expect ever to come back here 
again." It finally turned out that in order 
to go under Baptist protection and support 
she must join the Baptists, and that she 
could not do; and therefore could find no 
way open for her to go at all. 

Next, Bro. W. B. Stover offered himself 
to go to India as soon as a way could be 
opened for it; and quite a sum of money 
was pledged by members of the Waynes- 
borough church, Pa. (Bro. Stover's former 
home), provided he. could go under the di- 
rection and care of the General Missionary 

Next, A. W. Vaniman and wife, of Mc- 
Phe.rson, Kans., also offered themselves to 
go to the heathen field under the dirction 
of the General Committee. 

Thus quite a pressure was brought to bear 
upon the committee to do something. Then 
the committee published a- request for those 
who wished to do so to send on their means, 
and, in case enough money would be 
pledged for that special purpose, an effort 
would be made in India. More volunteers 
to go were also called for, in order tha" 
there might be a larger number from which 
to choose such as would be well suited for 
the work. The result was a liberal re- 
sponse both of brethren and sisters who 
offered to go, as well as means to send and 
sustain them. 

Now, then, with a sufficient amount of 
money on" hand to start the work, and more 
noble-hearted brethren and sisters than we 
can at present use, willing to go, with only 
board and clothing furnished them while 
they devote their lives, energy and talent to 
this work; and with the command of the 
Master standing out boldly and firmly as 
ever, " Go ye into all the world and teach 
all nations," the committee could not well 
do otherwise than decide that the time had 
come to open a gospel mission among the 

Cassie Beery, the sister above alluded to 
(now the wife of Dr. Van Dyke, of Filley, 
Nebr.), wrote the Missionary Committee, 
" " I am the sister that four years ago came 
before your Board, willing and ready to go 
to teach the heathen. It is still the desire 
of my heart, and I have now a little 
daughter four months old, of whom I de- 
sire to make a missionary to the heathen." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bro. Van Dyke, her husband, wrote: "I 
have a practice, in my profession as a phy- 
sician, amounting to about three hundred 
dollars per month; but I am willing to leave 
it at any time and go to the heathen field 
as soon as wife and I are wanted." 

W. B. Stover and his newly-married wife 
have both written the Board their willing- 
ness to consecrate their lives to this work. 

A. W. Vaniman and wife are now attend- 
ing the medical college of Topeka, Kans., 
upon their own expense, in order to more 
fully prepare themselves for a life-work 
among the heathen when the Mission 
Board and the General Conference will say, 
" Go." 

Besides the above, others, some married 
and some single brethren and sisters, have 
offered to go at the bidding of the General 
Missionary Board. More than five thousand 
dollars has already been pledged to start 
the work; and more is coming. 

Now, with all this pressure upon the 

Missionary Board to do something for the 
heathen, and God's command, " Go into 
all the. world," etc., for authority, who art 
thou, O brother or sister, that thou art 
willing to stand off and criticise and oppose 
the work of the Lord in behalf of the 
heathen? Art thou not afraid that thou art 
working against God? Remember that less 
than fourteen hundred years ago our own 
ancestors were heathen who worshiped 
idols and fought one another, not only for 
subjugation, but for extermination, then 
ask, Where would I be if those who had 
the. Gospel then had not pushed it out 
among my ancestors? And since the Lord 
and those who loved him have managed, 
through much sacrifice, to rescue and save 
me, can I be justified before God while I 
am doing nothing to enlighten and save the 
heathen? Let each one answer these burn- 
questions for himself, honestly before God, 
and then decide for himself whether he will 
stand in the way, or lift and pray. 

Knowledge Brings Belief 


Nettie Senger and a Chinese Bible Woman 

IT was while in classes at an out-station 
that we decided to give lectures on the 
wonders of the heavens and show very 
clearly how God is over all. Two lectures 
had been given on astronomy, explaining the 
positions of earth, moon, sun, and stars; and 
also the heavenly paths of these bodies and 
eclipses. And, since the people worship the 

sun and moon as gods, care was taken to 
show them how they were but the handi- 
work of one God and no't small gods in 
themselves. The subject of lightning was 
also introduced and it was shown what 
electricity can do. Clouds were described, 
where they come from, and the changes that 
come with rain. Again, discussions were 
continued a third day. Nothing was gone 
into deeply, only so far as they could under- 
stand and where their superstitions lay. 
What hail is and where it comes from was 
explained more at length because of their 
wrong beliefs. 

The Chinese think that for some reason 
a place in the southwest corner of the earth 
was left unfinished when God created things, 
and that a large cave is there. In this cave 
lives an old woman, and when she becomes 
angry she casts out hail on the earth and 
destroys crops. A rather full explanation 
was given so they would grasp the truth. 
The women listened in astonishment as 
they heard what hail is, and that it is also 
a handiwork of the true God and not from 
an ugly old woman who is angry. An at- 


The Missionary Visitor 



mosphere of awe seemed to fall over them 
and they said little at the close of the class. 

During the next session a dear old lady 
of fifty-five, with tears in her eyes looked 
up at me and said, " Today is the first time 
I ever believed in a true God; the explana- 
tion about the hail made me believe." We 
surely must become all things to all men, 
that we may win some. I must see with the 
Chinese eye of superstition, that I may win 
them to the true God. 

As knowledge, can take the place of super- 
stition, the people will come to believe in 
the true God as well as in their Savior and 
ours. Since then, as this dear child of God 
has been reading of Jesus and especially of 
the cruel treatment preceding his death, she 
is touched by it as never before. Once, in 
a sad voice, she. looked up from her read- 
ing and asked, " Why did they treat him 

like that?" Then I told her how God per- 
mitted it because he loved us and had no 
other plan to save us in heaven. She has 
been very thoughtful through all these les- 
sons. When she finished reading of Christ's 
suffering and how his soul went to God, she 
gave a sigh of relief and a smile, saying, 
"Now it's over, isn't it?" Then I told her 
of Jesus' work after that and his present 
work in heaven. 

The joy of leading these people, step by 
step, to their first knowledge of God and 
Jesus, indeed is great. It takes careful 
teaching and a very close, walk with Jesus. 
The thought that many are praying with 
me bears me up. We must win. These peo- 
ple must be brought to Jesus. His work 
knows nothing but victory. May we be 
used mightily by him in gaining the victory. 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China. 

A Heathen Converts Joy 


So she took me to the mission, 
Where I learned to sing and pray 

To my Father up in heaven, 
And he took my sins away. 

Can it be that God has given 
His dear Son to die for me? 

Yes, and I will love and serve him, 
And will ever faithful be. 

Now I never feel thus lonely, 
For I have him ever near, 

And his voice so sweetly whispers 
Words of comfort, love and cheer. 

Though I suffer persecutions, 

From my friends who do not know 

Of the dying love of Jesus, 
But to him for peace I go. 

I expect some day to meet him 
In that bright and happy land; 

There I'll see him in his beauty 
And will clasp his pierced hand. 

I am almost tired of waiting 
For the glorious day so sweet, 

When with all the saints in heaven 
I shall worship at his feet. 
Bombay, India. 

Helen Keller and Her Bible 


THE Bible is the Book of all books with her in behalf of the American Bible 

I love," said Helen Keller, the Society, 

world's most famous deaf and blind " I should like to have my picture taken 

woman, in a recent interview which I had with my Bible," she continued. But her 

I am full of joy and gladness, 
And desire to let you know 

How my heart was made so happy, 
Free from sorrow, sin and woe. 

I was coming from the temple, 
Where I had been to pray, 

And was fe«ling, oh, so lonely, 
As I walked along the way. 

But I heard a voice call gently, 
And I turned around to see, 

When I saw a form so lovely 
And I thought, Who can it be? 

Then she took my hand, so gently, 
And she smiled so sweetly, too; 

Oh, I never can forget her, 
For she seemed so kind and true. 

Then she said, " You look so weary, 
And you seem to be so sad; 

Tell me what it is that grieves you, 
Maybe I can make you glad." 

Then I told her all my story, 
And it made her heart quite sad; 

But she said, " Oh, look to Jesus, 
He will save and make you glad." 


The Missionary Visitor 


Bible is not like yours, for she reads not 
with her eyes, but with her sensitive finger 
tips by a system of raised dots representing 

" What is your favorite chapter, Miss 
Keller?" I asked. • 

Miss Keller promptly opened the Gospel 
of St. John to the ninth chapter and swiftly, 
and with tender and caressing touch, her 
trained fingers traced the raised dots until 
she reached the fourth verse: " ' I must work 
the works of him that sent me, while it is 

day: the night cometh, when no man can 
work.' " Her face grew serious and tense as 
she slowly repeated these words, but it 
lighted as she read on: '"As long as I am 
in the world, I am the light of the world.' " 
Miss Keller then turned to the first chap- 
ter, and with radiant illumination of ex- 
pression she read aloud: "'In him was 
li£e; and the life was the light of men/" 
14 ' That was the true Light, which lighteth 
every man that cometh into the world.' " 
And when I gave her one of the Army 
and Navy Testaments 
with a word concern- 
ing Bible distribution 
during the war, Miss 
Keller clasped the little 
Testament and confi- 
dently and eagerly ex- 
claimed: "I am so 
glad that the Bible is 
being distributed 
everywhere! When 
Christianity has spread 
throughout the world, 
then Brotherhood will 
come to the nations. I 
rejoice in the Amer- 
ican Bible Society." 

It was an hour never 
to be forgotten. As I 
left Miss Keller stand- 
ing in the sunlight be- 
fore the open window, 
and saw in her face 
" the light that never 
was on sea or land," I 
thought how true it is 
that "his life is the 
light of men"! — Is- 
sued b y American 
Bible Society, New 
York City. 

jt £ 
The benefit we re- 
ceive must be rendered 
again line for line, cent 
for cent, deed for deed, 
to somebody. Beware 
of too much good 
staying in your hand. 
It will fast corrupt. 
Pay it away quickly in 
some sort. — Emerson. 


The Missionary Visitor 




Ping Ting 

We are pleased to announce the arrival of 
a new missionary, Feb. 3, 1922, to the China 
mission field. He is quite young, but has 
every prospect of getting older. At present 
he is living with Dr. C. F. Coffmans at 
Peking. Following is the announcement of 
his arrival, which came to the mission: 

" Red brings good luck 
This side the tide, 
His mother's joy, 
His daddy's pride!" 


George Heagley Coffman. 

When? 2-3-22. 

How many pounds? Six. 

It is evident that they like him and he will 
likely make that his home. 

At present we are having some long sta- 
tion meetings, planning and locating the two 
new houses which were granted this winter. 
It is our aim to locate them and build them, 
to suit every one, for all time to come, and 
we think that they will, depending some- 
what, of course, on the likes and dislikes 
of those who follow. 

The Dr. Hsing, whom the Ping Ting 
Station supported for six years in pre- 
medical and medical schools, has finished 
his course and is in the Ping Ting Hospital, 
helping with the medical work. Dr. Hsing 
is a devoted Christian, and we are glad for 
the help that he will be able to render in 
both physical and spiritual ways. We re- 
joice in such visible results. 

During the month of February Dr. Wamp- 
ler rented five reels of public health films 
from the Council on Health Education, and 
showed them four nights in the Show Yang 
and Ping Ting districts. The people paid 
to see the pictures, and the crowds were 
large, so that the expenses in connection 
with the lectures were covered by the re- 
ceipts. Two of the films were on cholera 
prevention, one on the prevention of tuber- 
culosis and two on venereal diseases. 


Just now the people are rejoicing because 

of some moisture that has come in the form 

of snow. It is the first moisture since last 

August, so you may know that they were 

needing it. It would seem that the soil of 
this country is very good, for according to 
the natives most of the wheat is still alive. 
Western Kansas soil, as good as it is, will 
not do what this soil has done. 
J* ' 

The Ping Ting boys' school opened Feb. 
6 for the second semester, with an increased 
enrollment of twenty-seven, making the 
total enrollment 116. Looks like good pros- 
pects for the future church and education. 
We are counting big on these boys. 

Bro. Vaniman, the Ping Ting educational 
man, attended the China Student Christian 
Educational Association meeting, held in 
Peking during February. The points stressed 
in the meeting were: First, a change in the 
classification, viz., elementary six years, 
high school six years, with a possible break 
at three years, then the college course of 
four years. Second, the use of mental tests 
instead of the formal examinations. Per- 
haps I ought not to have mentioned the 
latter for the sake of high school and col- 
lege professors at home. 


Sister Crumpacker and Sister Anna 
Blough report great meetings with the 
women of the villages, as they are among 
them preaching and teaching Bible classes. 

About two weeks ago twin girls were born 
to a Chinese woman in the Ping Ting Hos- 
pital. After a few days one of them died, 
and the father said that he hoped that the 
other one would die, too. One of the big 
things that Christianity does is to revalue 
childhood. This is one thing that China 
needs as bad as anything else. 

The second week of February Bro. Crum- 
packer began the New Year's evangelistic 
campaign. This is the time of the year 
when the Chinese are least occupied. The 
itinerary covered a period of thirty-nine 
days, and fifty-four of the largest villages 
in the area affected by the famine in which 
our church gave relief. The organization 
planned for four groups of men with three 
and four men to a group. Each group 
visited thirteen villages, remaining three 
days in each village. Three services were 
held each day. The attendance was good 
in most places. It is difficult to estimate 
the number of people who came under the 



The Missionary Visitor 


voice of- the Gospel during these days, but 
we are certain that twenty to thirty thou- 
sand souls were under the influence of the 
Word. Many of these people had never 
seen a foreign missionary, and most of 
them heard the Gospel for the first time. 
Not only were these outlying districts 
stirred, but the Chinese workers, who so 
faithfully carried .on the burden of the 
work, came back with enthusiasm and joy. 
Many enquirers were enrolled. We hope 
all these may find salvation in Christianity. 
Will you pray that it may be so. 

On the first of March we opened an out- 
station at Yangchuan. This is the railroad 
station for Ping Ting Chou and Liao Chou, 
and the outlet of a large iron and coal in- 
dustry. The village is small but is grow- 
ing very rapidly. The location is strategic. 
Already there are a number of men at this 
place who have previously been under 
Christian influences. The center promises 
to become progressive and thriving in busi- 
ness. But there are not wanting signs of 
attending evils even now. To stem these 
evils, to turn young manhood into chan- 
nels of right as well as to endeavor to build 
up a local church, we have cal'ed a trained 
evangelist to begin on this difficult but 
needy task. Apart from the evangelistic 
efforts we also plan to furnish a social cen- 
ter for the community. We will furnish a 
rest room and reading room for those who 
have no other place to spend their leisure 
free from evil. 

The Bible School has closed for a period 
of six weeks in order to let the students take 
a part in the evangelistic campaign that is 
being carried on in our station. They are 
glad for the opportunity to get out and 
witness for the Lord. They come back 
very much inspired over their experiences. 

The spring term of the Ping Ting Girls' 
School opened Feb. 6, with an enrollment 
of seventy-two. The work in the school 
has been very much interrupted with sick- 
ness, the majority of the pupils having had 
a form of influenza. There was one typhus 


This term we began our first coeduca- 

tional work. All the beginners in the first 
grade of the boys' and girls' schools are do- 
ing their classwork together. There are 
forty-one in this class. We urge that these 
board and sleep at home, but when this is 
not convenient, because of distance, we 
make provision for them in the school 

Liao Chou 

The first two weeks of February brought 
the Chinese New Year season again. This 
is the most hilarious season of all the year 
to the Chinese people. Besides its being the 
time for feasting and exchanging greetings 
it is the time of performing various cere- 
monies to the gods, beseeching of them 
health, wealth and prosperity for the en- 
suing year. It therefore becomes a real 
testing time for the Christians, and we are 
all glad when it is over. This year Liao 
Chou had a new official enter upon his duties 
here just before New Year, and he posted 
notices asking for a more sane observance 
of the holiday, eliminating much of the 
heathen practices formerly connected with 
it. But the people protested so strongly 
against the change that the official had to 
give way. For many years China 
has had so much of this kind of 
republican spirit that the officials have 
little power to change some of their old 
customs. Again and again we are reminded 
that we are here to work changes in the 
heart and life of the individual if we hope 
to see China become a Christian nation. 
Even in this we are insufficient, but 
u our sufficiency is in Him." 


Evangelistic week was a busy time about 
Liao Chou. The Christians, students in our 
schools, and even inquirers, all seemed to 
catch the spirit of going out to tell the 
story. They were organized into groups 
so that some one daily visited the near vil- 
lages and others went out into farther dis- 
tricts. Still other groups went to the out- 
stations and places twenty-five and thirty 
miles from Liao Chou, spending the whole 
week in cities and villages. In all 12,800 
people heard the Gospel, 157 cities and vil- 
lages were reached, and 139 people did the 
work. It was interesting to note that some 


The Missionary Visitor 


men of the teacher class, who ordinarily are 
unwilling to endure hardship, would start 
out and walk long distances, not asking 
that a way be provided for them to ride. 
Women and girls who have bound feet, 
thus rendering walking painful and tire- 
some, would walk or ride in a crowded cart 
for miles in order to go. More Bibles, 
tracts and portions of Scripture were sold 
than ever before in so short a time. 

The girls' and boys' schools have opened 
again for the spring term and the standard 
of work improves with each year. Our 
Woman's School opened with a new fea- 
ture this term, as we have now added the 
regular lower primary school curriculum to 
the Bible course. This gives opportunity 
to young married women to learn to read, 
and is an inducement to get them into the 
Bible School as well as helping them to read 
the Bible for themselves. 

Our kindergarten, too, must be men- 
tioned, for if you were to drop in some 
morning and see the circle of little folks 
busy in " our school," as they like to call it, 
you'd think this spot, too, would have to 
have a place on the map. Already we are 
finding this a real wedge into even the 
wealthier homes, some of which we were 
unable to reach before, and we only regret 
our present quarters are full so that we 
cannot admit many more. 


Several o*f the mission personnel have 
been ill again with flu. Mrs. Pollock has 
been in the hospital for two weeks, but 
hopes soon to be out again. Little Sara 
Anna Wampler has recovered from scarlet 
fever and is out again. 

We feel very happy over the prospects of 
building our new church. Old buildings are 
being torn down and the plot cleaned off 
ready to begin excavating soon. The Chi- 
nese, too, seem greatly interested in it, and 
appear pleased that we are going to have 
a new church. Its location in the center of 
the city, just opposite the county courthouse 
square, will bring it into prominence, and 
we hope it will be frequented by many Of 
the gentry of the city and county. 

Sara G. Replogle 

During the month the general evangel- 
istic work in the villages was continued. In 
connection with this work one week was 
set apart as Evangelistic Week. During 
this week a special effort was put forth in 
selling Gospels, tracts and other literature 
and in bringing the mess'age of the Gospel 
before the people.. As a result of this effort 
more than three thousand Gospels and two 
thousand one hundred and twenty-five 
tracts were sold. Three hundred and sev- 
enty-four villages were, reached, four hun- 
dred and one meetings were held, and twen- 
ty-eight thousand four hundred and forty- 
five persons were in attendance at these 
meetings. The above figures are for the 
Gujarati area only. Similar work was done 
in the Marathi area. At Vada some of the 
workers attended a Hindu fair. Hundreds 
of people were present and many heard the 
story. Pray for the seed that has been 
sown. ^ 

Bro. Blough- and Sisters Shumaker and 
Shickel made a trip to the Dangs recently. 
In reference to their trip Sister Shickel says 
that she was glad they did not go faster 
than oxen could go, for they could thus 
enjoy the scenery for a longer time. 

The five new schoolrooms on the girls' 
compound at Vyara will soon be ready for 
use. The rooms are in one, thus making 
an assembly room on the new compound. 

Feb. 25 a business meeting was held at 
Dahanu, at which time Bro. Alley was or- 
dained, an Indian brother, Jeevan Bhasely, 
was elected to the ministry, and another 
brother, George Kamble, was elected to 
the deacon's office. On the same evening 
a love feast was held. Brethren Blough 
and Garner officiated at both meetings. 

Similar meetings were held at Amletha, 
in the Vali District, recently, at which time 
Bro. Mita Umpthabhai was elected to the 
ministry. Brethren Forney and Summer 
officiated at these meetings. 

The Hollenbergs and Butterbaughs, and 
Sisters Brown, Kaylor, Blickenstaff, Ebbert 
and Brumbaugh are spending the hot season 


The Missionary Visitor 


.Kitchen of Missionaries' Home with Native Helpers 


Mahabaleshwar in language study. 

<* . . 

During the month the examinations took 

place in the Girls' Boarding School at 

Anklesvar. All the girls are organized for 

the new year. Six of them have gone to 

Godha to enter the preparatory class for 

Normal School. £t 

At about 4: 15 P. M., Feb. 21, the mem- 
bers of the Bulsar church met to give a 
farewell meeting to those who were leaving, 
namely, Brother and Sister Ross and family 
and Dr. Nickey, who were leaving for Amer- 
ica, and Sister Grisso, who was leaving for 
Anklesvar. Representatives from the va- 
rious departments of work, over which Bro. 
Ross had for most of the time during his 
term of service been overseer, gave talks of 
appreciation of his services. 

Two Hindu men who were present, one 
of whom was a lumber dealer and the 
other a carpenter, also spoke. Following 
this was a talk by Mr. Dinshaw, a Parsee, 
who often attends the English services on 
Sunday evenings. He has furnished much 
lumber for the building work of the. mission. 

After the talks were given a small silver 
vase and tray were presented to the Ross 
family and also to Dr. Nickey and Sister 
Grisso. Garlands and bouquets were also 
given in abundance. 

Those who were leaving were then asked 
to speak. They told of the progress of the 
work, and expressed their appreciation of 
the help rendered by the Indian Christians. 

Jalalpore, Surat District. 


" I have heard of ministers who can 
preach a sermon without mentioning the 
name of Jesus from beginning to end. 

" If you ever hear a sermon of that kind, 
mind that you never hear another from that 
man. If a baker once made me a loaf of 
bread without any flour in it, I would take 
good care that he should never do so again; 
and I say the same of a man who can 
preach a Christless Gospel. Let those go 
and hear him who do not value their im- 
mortal souls; but your soul and mine are 
too precious to be placed at the mercy of 
such a preacher." 

Two good missionary grandmas have 
gone to their eternal reward. Sister Cripe, 
mother of Mrs. O. G. Brubaker, now on 
furlough from China, died last January. 
April 27 a wire came, telling that Grandma 
Shively, at La Verne, Calif., grandmother 
of Lynn Blickenstaff, in India, had passed 
to her reward. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Dr. Ida Kahn 

The Story of a China Missionary 

Ida Kahn was the sixth in a Chinese family of six 
girls, and was given a very cold reception into the 
home; for girls are often such unwelcome beings in 
China ! Her parents had hoped that each one of their 
six children might be a boy, but every time their hopes 
were blasted, so that when Ida came into the home 
their patience was well-nigh gone. They called in the 
fortune teller for advice as to what to do with this 
wee bit of humanity. He advised them to get rid of 
her in some way, since her presence in the home would 
prevent the arrival of the son. They finally decided to 
sell her to a neighbor, to become the wife of their son, 
and to place her in his home for his parents to " bring 
up." This is the fate of many a little Chinese girl who 
is unfortunate enough to be born into a poor home. 
They make quick sale of her. They place her in her 
P'o Chia, 1 to Gut down expenses in the home. This 
done, the Kahn family had another problem to solve. 
They discovered that the little boy to whom Ida was 
engaged had been born under the cat star, while Ida 
was born under the dog star ; and since the cat and the 
dog are enemies it would never do to have these two 
children marry, so they broke off the engagement, I 
dare say, without any heartaches on either side. These 
unfortunate (?) events resulted in Ida's adoption by 
Miss Gertrude Howe, an American missionary of the 
Methodist Mission in Kiukiang, which place was also 
the home of the Kahn family. Although only two 
months old she had had a broken -engagement and was 
now a member of a third household. When old enough 
she was placed in the Girls' Mission School at 
Kiukiang, and at the age of nine years Miss Howe's 
furlough became due and she was brought along to 
America. While in San Francisco she attended a 
mission school for Chinese girls. Upon their return 
to China she again settled down to her studies at Kiu- 
kiang, where she met her lifelong friend, " Shih Mei 
Yu," who is known in America as " Mary Stone." 
" Ida " is not a Chinese name, but was the name given 
to her by Miss Howe at the time of her adoption. 
These two Chinese girls, Ida Kahn and Mary Stone, 
while in school together formed a real " Jonathan and 
David " friendship, and their lives are so closely inter- 

file home of the prospective husband. 

woven that it seems alnw 
without the other. GiU 
happy foreign home, &l 
that her young heart sb|| 
ing sisters who were ml 
these impressions led jl 
fession as her lifework.1 
this same desire, and II 
turned to America, sgl 
girls whom she placed I 
Medical School at Ann! 
busy, happy years, vfl 
both students and faci 
secrated Christian gii 
After their graduation 
pital work in Chicagc 
China. On one occasi 
to Dr. Kahn, " I am gl 
to practice medicine, 
than she needs missi 
polite to dispute him, I 
softly, " Time is short 
more on her heart 
China's millions ; her 
spiritually as well as 
the One who heals the 
pose her disappointed 
to claim relationship r 
When the two your 
the surprise of both tl 
The thought of Chij 
having actually studii 
almost unbelievable tc 
people thought it woul 
to read and write, an 
to begin the practice o 
it would require som 
the people, before th 
they soon saw that th 
the demand for medic 
time to rest from thei 
rented and rooms pre] 
All of the patients a 
Ere long, through th< 
America, a large hosp 
but just as they were 
building, the Boxer 






The Missionary Visitor 


l30ssible to speak of one 
i up in a comfortable, 
kid, it was only natural 
Irn in pity to her suffer- 
Iprtunate as herself, and 
Ihoose the medical pro- 
Ifriend, Mary Stone, had 
li Miss Howe again re- 
tht with her these two 
■University of Michigan 
Here they spent four 
Ine love and respect of 
■ hey were earnest, con- 
ly loving and lovable, 
lent two months in hos- 
I which they sailed for 
l»ld gentleman remarked 
lire going back to China 
Ina needs doctors more 
Dr. Kahn was too 
ing to a friend she said 
nity is long." She had 
physical condition of 
lesire was to help them 
y, by revealing to them 
iseases. Don't you sup- 
would have been glad 

*s returned to China, to 
given a royal reception. 
's having been abroad, 
ine, and returning, was 
inese. The mass of the 
ossible for girls to learn 
vere two of them ready 
le. The doctors thought 
3 win the confidence of 
1 begin their work, but 
mistaken. So great was 
it they did not even have 
Quarters were hastily 
r taking care of the sick, 
ght daily Bible lessons. 
sity of Dr. Danforth, of 
erected for these doctors, 
eady to occupy the new 
nade all work impossible 

and the doctors, as well as all other Christians, whether 
Chinese or foreign, had to flee for their lives. In com- 
pany with the foreign missionaries, they fled to Japan, 
where they remained till the trouble ceased, after 
which they resumed their work in Kiukiang. 

Dr. Kahn was a good housekeeper, as well as a 
good hospital keeper, and even though social lines are 
very rigid in China, she, who was honored and loved 
by the high and the low, was always willing to put her 
hand to any kind of toil without any thought of being 
degraded thereby. She says, u This fear of work is 
the bane of China." 

Through the serious illness of the wife of a Nan- 
chang official, that city, which is the capital of the 
province of Kiangsi, was opened to Protestant mis- 
sions, and the Methodist Mission soon established a 
station there. Dr. Kahn was responsible for this open- 
ing. She attended the official's wife in her illness, and 
later the call for medical work there became so loud 
that Dr. Kahn considered it the " Macedonian call." 
Accordingly she separated herself from Dr. Stone and 
began work in Nanchang. During her first eight 
months there she treated over two thousand patients. 
In a short time a fine piece of land was donated by the 
Chinese for a hospital site, but Dr. Kahn had already 
spent twelve years of unceasing toil since her return 
from America, and her friends insisted on her taking 
a rest before work on the new hospital began. 

She had at this time spent five years at Nanchang, 
where, with her two nurses, who were trained by her- 
self, she had kept the dispensary running all day, and 
every day, the year around. She finally consented to 
go to America for a rest, if carrying a heavy program 
in a university is " rest." There she went for literary 
work, which she felt would fit her for broader useful- 
ness among her people. In 1910 she was sent as a 
delegate to the World's Young Women's Christian 
Association convention held in Berlin, and from there 
she went to London for six months of study in the 
School of Tropical Diseases. She returned to her work 
at Nanchang in 1911. She delights in all the opportu- 
nities for service that are crowding in upon her, for 
she says, " When I think what my life might have been, 
and what, through God's grace it is, I think there is 
nothing that God has given me that I would not gladly 
use in his service." 


The Missionary Visitor 



Qmttf fifrtfta 


M. R. Zigler 

Home Mission Secretary 

Home Missions and the Annual Conference 

Home Mission Secretary 

AN unprecedented opportunity for the 
presentation of the Home Mission 
challenge has been made possible 
by the program committee of our Annual 
Conference. The Winona Conference of 
1922 will be remembered by its special em- 
phasis upon Home Mission tasks. ■ The 
church thought today, in a large way, 
centers about the unavoidable unfinished 
tasks in America. In thinking of the in- 
comparable world needs of the heathen 
lands, to which our hearts respond with 
sincere yearnings and our souls yield a 
burning passion, the home, base must be 
recognized as an essential part of the first 
order in the " saving of the lost " program 
of the world. To emphasize the home field 
needs does not in the least lessen the chal- 
lenge of India or China, but enhances it 
and makes the glorious possibility of meet- 
ing those needs more adequately and ex- 
tensively. Therefore, it is very fitting and 
appropriate, as we face world problems in 
obedience to our Lord's plan, definitely to 
commit ourselves to the discovery and so- 
lution of our home problems. 

Preliminary to the General Conference 
program there will be held a conference of 
District Mission Boards. The home field is 
divided into Districts over which are execu- 
tive boards charged with the task of bring- 
ing Christ to the lost of the given territories. 
For many years these boards have been la- 
boring in their respective fields independent- 
ly. Never have they met together for any 
length of time to study their common prob- 
lems nor to receive the benefit of each 
other's experiences. A call has been sent 
out to the members of the various District 
Mission Boards to meet on Tuesday, June 
6, at Winona. To date, April 22, seventy- 

four have replied. Thirty-nine of this num- 
ber definitely plan to be there, and three 
are undecided. One hundred and twenty- 
three have not yet replied. This response 
already gives assurance sufficient to justify 
the prediction of a most successful and far- 
reaching conference, if those attending have 
an uncompromising passion for the saving 
of the lost, and an unquenchable thirst to 
find and to do the will of God. This group 
of men in God's hands for two days, study- 
ing how we may do our part in meeting 
the needs here in America, will beyond all 
doubt make this a date long to be remem- 
bered in our history. 

The program of the General Conference 
gives Friday morning entirely for the dis- 
cussion of the home field. Friday after- 
noon there will be another session of the 
District Mission Boards and Home Mission 
workers. Saturday morning will be used 
for the study of our rural church prob- 
lems. Our church is largely a rural church. 
To study it means to study our largest con- 
tribution to America and also the realm 
our largest resources in men and money 
further to carry on the work we are called 
to accomplish. 

For two years early morning conferences 
have been conducted in the interest of 
Home Missions. The Sedalia Conference 
was very encouraging to this feature, but 
the Hershey Conference of last year sur- 
passed the fondest expectations, both in 
interest and attendance. This year these 
conferences will be held. It will mean a 
sacrifice of a little sleep each morning, but 
to those who come to Conference with the 
purpose for which our General Conference 
is held, these early morning hours will 
present golden opportunities. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Western Canada 


LEAVING it to others to make com- 
parisons of our District with those 
of other fields, we proceed to present 
a few facts relative to the great mission 
field of Western Canada. 

As in India, we. are in a measure under 
British rule, yet in a large measure the 
Dominion makes her own laws, and is 
rather faithful in executing them. 

In Western Canada several different 
nationalities are. represented, mostly Eng- 
lish, French, and Americans. Naturally 
some differences in customs, use of lan- 
guage, etc., exist. The more the people 
mingle, the better the acquaintance. The 
more they come to understand each other, 
and to realize that largely their purposes 
are one, the easier will the work become. 

provinces named, is 1,866,754. That of the 
whole of Canada is 8,772,631. There are 
five organized churches in the District, with 
two other mission points, the largest of 
these being that of the Bow Valley congre- 
gation, with a membership of 140; the Ir- 
ricana church, with a membership of 100, 
both in Alberta; Vidora, in Saskatchewan, 
with 45 members; Osage, 18 members; Mer- 
rington, near Kindersley, 20 members, both 
of the latter in Saskatchewan. One mis- 
sion point is at Red Cliff, in Alberta, and 
one at Fern Ridge, B. C. Several members 
are located at these points, with a few scat- 
tered here and there, making a total mem- 
bership of about 350 in the District, com- 
prising about 125 families. There are about 
twentv ministers and the same number of 

Elders of Canada's Western District 

Left to right, standing: J. H. Brubaker, George Strycker, Luther Shatto, 
Melvin Rensberger. 

Sitting: Joseph Weddle, David Hollinger, John S. Culp, T. A. Eisenbise, 
Albert Hollinger. 

Our field, as a mission field, is an im- 
mense one. The District of Western 
Canada, which comprises the three west- 
ern provinces — viz., Saskatchewan, Alberta, 
and British Columbia — embraces an area 
of nearly 857,000 square miles, being in 
length about 750 miles, reaching from the 
international boundary line on the south 
to the sixtieth parallel on the north, and 
is about 1,000 miles wide. The last census, 
which was just completed for the three 

deacons. Six of the ten elders live in the 
Bow Valley congregation, two at Merring- 
ton, one at Red Cliff, and one. at Vidora. 

The light crops for the past few years 
have made it difficult to support the work 
and to reach out into new fields. With bet- 
ter prospects for the future we. hope to ac- 
complish more, and furthermore, all the 
ministers have found it necessary to earn 
their own livelihood, and are somewhat 

(Continued on Page 160) 


The Missionary Visitor 



Cftp ffiatketa' Qatmr 


The editor invites helpful contributions for this department of the Visitor 


The Oak Grove, Ind., children, from 6-14 
years of age, gave a missionary program on 
India. Several of the children told of the 
work being, done and what there is yet to 
do. The younger children gave recitations, 
and from what we were able to learn they 
had a very profitable program. 

Bro. Homer L. Burke, one of the medical 
volunteers, paid the Mission Rooms a de- 
lightful call April 12. Bro. Burke is finish- 
ing his course this spring, and after taking 
his interne work will be ready for service. 

The United Student Volunteer Officers, 
viz., George Griffith, president, Minneva 
Neher, traveling secretary, Warren Hee- 
stand, educational secretary, and H. Spenser 
Mlnnich, from the Mission Rooms, met at 
North Manchester during the first of April 
to study the problems of the Volunteer or- 
ganization. A number of recommenda- 
tions were made, and these will be brought 
before the Volunteer business meetings at 

Drs. A. Raymond) and Laura Cottrell 
sailed April 11 from New York for London, 
where they will take some advanced medical 
study for a few months and will then take 
passage for their work in India. The fol- 
lowing letter will be appreciated: 

On Board the Cunard R. M. S. "Aquitania." 
General Mission Board, Elgin, 111. — Dear Friends: 

At last we are on our way back to our chosen 
work. Of course there are mingled feelings as one 
leaves one's homeland, but the joy of going is 
even greater this time than when we sailed, nearly 
nine years ago. 

Having lost both father and mother since we 
went the other time, we realize more than we did 
then that, after all, the things of this life are not 
enduring. We look for a better country than 
this — one where parting shall be no more. 

We appreciate so much the privileges which have 
been ours during our stay in the homeland. 

The check for '$58.90 has been received, and a 
goodly number of last greetings from friends. 

This is very decidedly the best boat we have 
ever been on and we anticipate a pleasant voyage. 

May His blessings ever guide us all. 
A. Raymond and Laura M. Cottrell. 

Southern California leads the Brother- 
hood with the largest gifts per capita for 
missions in 1921. The records at the For- 
ward Movement headquarters show they 
have given $5.90 per capita. In 1915 they 
gave $2.29 per capita. The highest six 
Districts in giving per capita are: Southern 
California, $5.90; Northern Illinois and Wis- 
consin, $4.34; Northern Iowa and Minnesota, 
$4.01; Middle Iowa, $3.99; Northwestern 
Ohio, $3.85; North and South Carolina, 
Georgia and Florida, $3.21. Practically all 
Districts show a good increase over six 
years ago, when records were kept. May 
the Father be praised for this growth in 
missionary spirit and help us to do still 

Dr. and Mrs. O. G. Brubaker have been 
much concerned for their son Leland, who 
has been very ill with an enlarged heart. At 
the time of writing the great seriousness of 
his illness still remains. They are located at 
Manchester, where the doctor has opened an 
office, pending their return to China. 

West Dayton Church, Ohio. On Sunday 
evening, March 5, the Woman's Home Mis- 
sionary Society gave a most impressive pro- 
gram. A " Pageant " by the women of the 
society was the leading feature, under the 
direction of the program committee, of 
which Mrs. Wilbur Klepinger is chairman. 
" Thy Will Be Done " was sung by Mrs. 
Wm. C. Furnas in a most pleasing manner. 
The tiny daughter of the pastor, little Re- 
becca, also rendered a solo. Miss Edith 
Erbaugh gave a reading. 

Cerro Gordo Church, 111. On the 26th of 
February Drs. A. Raymond and Laura Cot- 
trell were with us at both morning and 
evening service. At the close of the Sun- 
day-school, Sister Cottrell took the children, 
as well as the whole audience, on a visit 
into the schools and homes of our India 
neighbors. This was indeed a treat, especial- 
ly to the children. Bro. Cottrell's talk on 



The Missionary Visitor 


God's Helpers " also was a treat. The il- 
lustrated lecture in the evening on their 
work in India was the best we have heard 
from our good folks from abroad. Many of 
the members spoke in highest appreciation 
of their all-too-short visit amongst us. It 
is impossible to convey in words the splen- 
did spirit of their meetings. The miracu- 
lous transformation of the lives of the na- 
tives impressed all with the worth-while ef- 
forts of missions. One good sister, who 
was unfavorable to mission work, opened 
her heart and her purse and gave nicely to- 
ward the work. May God richly bless the 
noble efforts of all our representatives in 
foreign lands! — B. C. Whitmore. 

A good woman in Kansas, a member of 
another church, is much interested in our 
work and wrote for information. She 
wanted to know the cost of administration 
and how the school worjc was conducted in 
our missions. After getting the answer to 
these questions she sent us a check for 
$150, and said that after the first of June 
she could send us some more. Generosity 
like that is appreciated. If good women, in 
other churches are so interested in our 
work, do you think the good women of our 
own church are still more interested in mis- 
sions? Yes, they are, for do you know the 
dreams of the Sisters' Aid Societies? The'r 
work is not all a dream, either, for much of 
it is a reality. Remember their work for 
the Quinter Memorial Hospital, Girls' 
Boarding School at Anklesvar and the Ping 
Ting Hospital in China. When the Brethren 
women put their hands to any task in His 
name it shall be dene. 

The Share Plan for support of our mission 
work in India and China continues to be 
approved by many Sunday-school classes 
and organizations interested in mission 
work. The March Visitor published the 
names of all new subscribers during Janu- 
ary. The following is a list of all whose 
shares were issued during February and 


2-9-'22, Primary Department, Salamonie 

Cong.. Mid. Ind $25.00 

2-10-'22, Junior and Primary Classes, Sugar 

Grove S. S., Ohio 25.00 

2-20-'22, Y. P. C. W. S., Goshen City Church, 

Ind., 25.00 

2-20-'22, Willing Helpers' Class, Diamond- 

ville S. S., Manor Cong., Pa., 25.00 

2-20-'22, Edgewood S. S., Md 25.00 

2-27-'22, Sunshine Band, Organized Class of 

Men, Meadow Branch Cong., Md., 25.00 

Vyara : 

2- 10- '22, Primary Dept. Walnut S. S., Ind., ... 25.00 
2-13-'22, Christian Friendship Circle, New 

Hope Cong., Kans., 25.00 

Ping Ting: 

2-21-'22, Woodland S. S., Astoria, 111., 75.00 

3-25-'22, Volunteer Class, Waterloo City 

Cong., Iowa, 50.00 

3-2-'22, Nappanee C. W. Meeting, Ind., 50.00 

3-3-'22, Gleaners' Bible S. S. Class, Lancas- 
ter, Pa., 50.00 

Liao Chou: 
3-21-'22, Comrades' Class, Miami S. S., New 

Mexico, 75.00 

2-15-'22, Gleaners' Class, Dallas Center, Iowa, 75.00 
Shou Yang 

3-8-'22, Friendship Bible Class, Pasadena, 
Calif., 25.00 

■J* <£ 

Remembering the Old Folks With Post 


The Carlisle (Pa.) Christian Workers' 
Society did a little missionary work recently 
by securing the names of all the old folks 
in the Old Folks' Home of their District 
and arranging to send them all a post card. 
Twenty-two folks each took one name and 
agreed to send the card during the following 

The Mission Study Course 

We hoped to announce the new mission 
study course in this issue of the Visitor, 
but must wait until a later issue. The new 
prospectus is to be published before Con- 
ference in June. Until the new books are 
finally selected all who use the books sug- 
gested in last year's course will receive the 
regular credit. 


The Mission Rooms are sending out a 
monthly news sheet called Missiongrams. 
It goes to the missionary superintendent in 
each congregation. It is intended that this 
information be used in the most suitable 
way for each church. In some congrega- 
tions that have several preaching places 
only one news sheet is sent, but some per- 
son for each Sunday-school should receive 
it. If you do not know about Missiongrams 
in your church write us and we will tell 
you who gets it. Be sure to state your 
congregation and name of church, if differ- 


The Missionary Visitor 


Stewardship Dialogues 

Two splendid dialogues and a reading con- 
test are available from the Layman Com- 
pany, 35 N. Dearborn St., Chicago, 111. 
They will be glad to send samples to all 
interested. The names of the leaflets are: 
Aunt Margaret's Tenth, Thanksgiving Ann, 
and Live Wire Reading Contest. 

Schools of Religious Education 

The need for more Christian education 
is felt everywhere, and this need has oc- 
casioned the many attempts at Schools of 
Religious Education. * We have just re- 
ceived report from the school at Shamokin, 
Pa., where the different churches are co- 
operating in such a school. They meet on 
Monday evenings from 7:30 to 9:30. Class- 
es are conducted in Child Psychology, 
Stories and the Art of Telling Them, Be- 
ginners' and Primary Methods, Life of 
Christ, Old Testament History, Old Testa- 
ment Prophets, Bible Geography, Christian 
Ethics, and Apostolic History. The sixty- 
two students enrolled find their greatest 
interest in the Christian Ethics, Apostolic 
History, and Child Psychology Courses. 

A Program by Mail 

Truth is unchanged and unchanging, but 
methods of presenting unchangeable truth 
may frequently be changed to good advan- 

Miss Jessie Cross, of Michigan, suggests 
an interesting variation in. the form of a 
Program by Mail. 

After the devotional and business parts 
of the program are concluded, the president 
announces that inasmuch as mail order sup- 
plies are so much in use she wants her so- 
ciety to be strictly up to date, so she de- 
cides to try a mail order program, which, 
as is usually the case with mails, seems to 
be late. A knock sounds, and the postman 
in uniform or with badge enters with a 
sack of mail. 

The president opens the sack and dis- 
tributes the mail that has been previously 
prepared and addressed. She asks that no 
one open her mail until called on to do so. 
There are in the sack: 

1. Letters addressed to various members. 
These should be opened and marked extracts 
read. Real letters from real missionaries 

may be obtained in some instances. Ex- 
tracts from articles and letters in mission- 
ary magazines may be copied. Foreign 
stamps may be used to make the letters 
more real. 

2. Post cards. A number of cards (one 
for each member, if society is not too large) 
should be received from the different fields 
and should each contain some short, snappy 
bit of information. Mission Board head- 
quarters will supply the cards and the com- 
mittee can write the message on them. 

3. Newspapers. Some copy of a foreign 
paper, or of a missionary magazine, etc., 
with a poem, an article or some notes 
marked. Marked passages to be read. 

4. A roll of music. This should be a 
missionary or devotional song, addressed 
to a musician who is prepared to sing it. 

5. Photographs. Secure one or more in- 
teresting missionary pictures. They may 
be actual photographs or reprints cut from 
magazine-and mounted on cardboard. Mem- 

' bers receiving these should be prepared to 
tell something about each picture. 

6. Parcel post. Various articles may be 
wrapped in parcel-post packages, curios 
from mission fields, laces or other work of 
industrial missions. Short stories or in- 
cidents connected with each may be told as 
they are unwrapped. If a social hour is to 
be added all the refreshments may come in 
parcel-post packages. For instance: 

A box of sandwiches. 

A package of tea. 

A sack of lemon drops (for the tea). 

A box of wafers. 

Candied ginger or dates, or whatever is to 
be served. 

In some societies it might be possible to 
make the entire meeting a surprise except 
to a small committee, care being taken to 
assign parts of the program to people who 
can take the part without advance prepara- 

All parcels should be wrapped with care, 
and foreign stamps pasted on when posr 
sible. — Missionary Review of the World. 

Do a Good Turn 

Have you tried a plan for mission 
programs or for doing missionary work in 
the community that worked well? Why 


The Missionary Visitor 


not do a good turn by sending it to the 
editor of the Vistor for the " Workers' 
Corner"? Somebody else will read it and 
in turn may accomplish a good piece of 
work because you made the suggestion. 


THERE are seven ways of giving that 
may be worth consideration and 

1. The Careless Way: To give something 
to every cause that is presented without in- 
quiring into its merits. 

2. The Impulsive W r ay: To give from im- 
pulse — as much and as often as love and 
piety and sensibility prompt. 

3. The Lazy Way: To make a special of- 
fer to earn money for benevolent objects 
by fairs, festivals, etc. 

4. The Self-denying Way: To save the 
cost of luxuries, and apply them to purposes 
of religion and charity. This may lead to 
asceticism and self-complaisance. 

5. The Systematic Way: To lay aside as 
an offering to God a definite portion of our 
gains — one-tenth, one-fifth, one-third, or 
one-half. This is adapted to all, whether 
rich or poor, and gifts would be largely in- 
creased if it were generally practiced. 

6. The Equal Way: To give to God and 
the needy just as much as we spend on 
ourselves, balancing all our personal ex- 
penditures by our gifts. 

7. The Heroic Way: To limit our own 
expenditures to a certain sum, and give 
away all the rest of our income. This was 
John Wesley's way. — Dr. A. T. Pierson, in 
Homiletic Review. 

Peking: A Social Survey. By Sidney A. 
Gamble, M. A. George H. Doran Company, 
publishers; 1921. 

This interesting book is the result of the 
first social survey of an oriental city. Of 
its 538 pages, on all the various phases of 
the social situation, nineteen pages are on 
recreation, a branch of the subject in which 
I have been interesting myself recently. 
Oriental peoples do not go in for the active 
exercises which appeal to us of the West- 

ern type of mind, but the things they turn 
to make an exceedingly interesting subject 
of study for us. 

In Peking an ancient form of amusement 
is story-telling. Men make a business of 
it, having learned by heart many stories 
from the ancient Chinese books. The story- 
tellers go into tea houses, on the roadsides, 
into the parks, where they stand before the 
groups assembled and tell their interesting 
stories, usually stopping to take up a col- 
lection in the midst of the most interesting 
part of the story. The education department 
is now helping the story-tellers to high- 
class and new material, thereby greatly in- 
fluencing public opinion. 

Bird-flying, table games, card games, 
horse-racing, theaters, market festivals, 
restaurants, bathhouses, provincial halls, 
hotels, all are described in addition to the 
more modern movie pictures, billiard halls, 
agricultural experiment stations, parks, 
athletics, and clubs. About 3,000 people 
daily attend the movies, whose films are 
mostly American. How a people spend 
their spare time is always an important fac- 
tor in determining the life they live. 

A comprehensive Christian program is 
the recognized need of an awakened church. 
What are the people doing, and what are 
they willing to do under competent leader- 
ship? What is working for the good of all, 
and what elements are at work for the social 
disintegration? What social customs may 
be inhibited, and what are the better ones 
which can be adopted in their stead? When 
accurate scientific knowledge of a communi- 
ty or city has been acquired, then church 
people are just at the beginning of the prob- 
lem; that is, they are only then prepared to 
enter upon the solution of the problem. 

If one wishes for more than a surface 
knowledge of the mission fields of the world, 
books like this will afford a most valuable 
contribution by way of information and 
guidance. Its inherent suggestion is that 
other social surveys of oriental cities may 
follow, the work being somewhat similar 
to that undertaken in several American 
cities. For my own part I should gladly 
welcome a social survey of the city of 
Bombay. Wilbur B. Stover. 


The Missionary Visitor 


The New Program of Religious Educa- 
tion, 103 pp., 80 cents. The Abingdon Press, 
New York. 

In the last few years the new term, Re- 
ligious Education, has come into rather 
general usage among us. We have added 
courses in religious education to our col- 
lege and seminary courses, have had di- 
rectors of religious education appointed in 
regions and Districts, are being urged to 
appoint a board of religious education in 
the local church and in other ways are 
meeting this term. What is it, a fad, an 
innovation, or something which is to be- 
come a vital part of our church life? Most 
of us have been asking these questions. 

George Herbert Betts asks the same ques- 
tions in this book, and goes farther by set- 
ting forth what the advocates of religious 
education mean by their program. It is 
really an elucidating study of the question, 
and it is worth the price of the book just 
to get an idea of what present-day religious 
education stands for. — C. H. S. 


The China Educational Commission has 
completed its task, on which it spent in all 
nearly six months. This commission has 
been studying educational conditions in 
China. Its tentative report has been sent to 
all Mission Boards concerned. More de- 
tailed reports of its work will likely be pub- 
lished in later issues. The commission had 
on it the. following: 

Ernest D. Burton, Kenyon L. Butter- 
field, Frank D. Gamewell, P. W. Kuo, Miss 
Yau Tsit Law, Francis J. McConnell, Percy 
M. Roxby, J. Leighton Stuart, Mrs. Larence 
Thurston, Edward W. Wallace, Miss Mar- 
garet E. Burton, Chang Po Ling, Henry B. 
Graybill, Miss Clara J. Lambert, Edwin C. 
Lobenstien, Frank W. Padelford, William 
F. Russell, Miss Mary E. Woolley. 

China's About-Face 

When China changed from a monarchy 
to a republic she necessarily changed her 
ideas about and attitude towards religion. 
The Chinese are a very religious people and 
connect their religion with everything they 
do. The emperor of the old monarchy was 

also the high priest of the nation. The Chi- 
nese also believe that the life beyond is a 
counterpart of this present life, having the 
same form of government. Therefore this 
change of government has about-faced the 
whole nation and changed their ideas about 
religion. They are now looking to us with 
outstretched, empty hands to give them 
something better. It is our great oppor- 
tunity to give them Jesus Christ and his 
saving Gospel. — Home and Foreign Fields. 

China's National Christian Conference 

A great national Christian Conference is 
being held in China, from May 2 to 11. The 
leaders in Christian movements are alive to 
the problems of Christianity in China and 
the need for building wisely for the future. 
The work of the conference is outlined 
under five heads (commissions) as follows: 

1. The. Present State of Christianity in 

2. The Future Task of the Church. 

3. The Message of the Church. 

4. The Development of Leadership for 
the Work of the Church. 

5. Coordination and Cooperation in the 
Work of the Church. 

All missionary societies interested in 
China are invited to be represented at this 
meeting to be held in Shanghai. The ex- 
pense will keep many from attending but 
in most cases each denomination will have 
one or more of its China missionaries 


We are building every day 
In a good or evil way; 
And the structure, as it grows, 
Must our inmost self disclose, 
Till in every arch and line 
All our hidden faults outshine. 

Do you ask what building this 
That can show both pain and bliss, 
That can be both dark and fair? 
Lo, its name is Character. 
Build it well, whate'er you do. 
Build it straight and strong and true; 
Build it clean and high and broad; 
Build it for the eye of God. 

— James Buckham, in A Wayside. 



The Missionary Visitor 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 


May 1, 1816, Fidelia Fiske was born in 
Shelbourne, Mass. Missionary to Persia 
from 1843-1858. Died in the old home July 
26, 1864. 


Take off your heavy overcoat, 

And put your muff in camphor balls; 
Come out into the bloomy wood: 
The spirit of the springtime calls! 
J* J* 

(For recitation.) 

What's that you are saying, young fellow, 

As through the long hours you laze? 
Is that the account you are giving 

For all these bright, promising days? 
Such chances to make a fair record, 

To climb to success one more notch, 
And fill up your life with great service — 

O fie! will you make it a botch? 

Today is the chorus of duty; 

At daybreak she plucks at your sleeve; 
You mean to — a threadbare old story — 

Yourself you but once more deceive; 
The errand that's left for tomorrow, 

The letter you think you'll not write, 
The lesson you're shirking for pleasure — 

What ghosts of regret you invite! 

There's no word so false as tomorrow; 

Its dawning has never come yet; 
And if through this noon you are lolling, 

No harvest you're likely to get; 
"A fellow that's careless and lazy" — 

What -'they" say is not very kind; 
But in the grand strife for promotion, 

" Tomorrow " gets left, you will find. 

So stiffen your backbone, young fellow, 

And square up your shoulders, my lad! 
The first thing do first, while it's calling, 

And honor and you will be glad. 
Be willing, and cheerful, and thorough; 

"Play ball" with both ginger and grace; 
Who levels each task as it meets him 

Can look the whole world in the face. 

A. H. B. 

Your name 
and address 


General Mission Board, 

Missionary Visitor, 


For Aunt Adalyn. 


I have been thinking, Juniors, wouldn't it 
be delightful if we could see each other's 
really, truly faces! I wonder how many 
of you expect to be at the big Annual Con- 
ference at Winona Lake in June? If noth- 
ing serious hinders, I hope to be on the 
grounds, and it would afford me vast pleas- 
ure to shake your hands and look into your 
blue eyes (or brown — never mind the color). 
Anyhow, I'm going to watch out for every 
Tommie and Bessie and Katie and Dick! 
Suppose you fasten a tiny bow of red baby 
ribbon on you somewhere — then I'll know 
you belong! I'll put one on too. 

Aunt Adalyn. . 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: As Barbara Crayton 
says, I feel rather bashful, but if you all 
will move over a little I will join the circle. 
I enjoy reading the " Junior Missionary," 
especially the letters. I like the recitations 
too. I love to g® to Sunday-school. Our 
class name is " Willing Workers," and we 
are trying to live up to it. Although we 
have only four in our class that are mem- 
bers of the church, we do very well in the 
class. In answer to Chauncey Deane's 
question, " W T here in the Bible does it say 
that men wore bonnets?" — if you will read 
Ex. 28: 40; 29: 9; 39: 28; Lev. 8: 13; Ezek. 
44: 18, you will find the answer. I am bring- 


The Missionary Visitor 



ing a question too: Where in the Bible does 
it tell the remedy for boils? 

Fairview, Mo. Erma Argabright. 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: My parents take the 
Missionary Visitor, and in the " Junior Mis- 
sionary " for March I noticed the question, 
" Where in the Bible does it say men wore 
bonnets?" I found the answer in Exodus 
28: 40: "And for Aaron's sons thou shalt 
make coats, and thou shalt make lor them 
girdles, and bonnets shalt thou make for 
them, for glory and for beauty." 

McPherson, Kans. Marvin Michael. 

Now, Erma and Marvin, suppose you look 
up that verse in the Revised Version, and 
find that bonnets weren't bonnets at all! 
But they certainly must have been orna- 

Dear Aunt Adalyn: I don't know whether 
I'm welcome, but I've decided to enter your 
pleasant circle. I like the new things that 
have been in "The Junior Missionary" late- 
ly very much. Aunt Adalyn, I love to solve 
puzzles, especially hard ones, but the last 
ones surely are " stickers." When I first 
looked over them, I thought I could easily 
crack these " nuts " with my teeth. Of 
course I've changed my mind since, and 
have decided to use my brains as a ham- 
mer. I am a girl twelve years old who loves 
to go to Sunday-school. I wish some girl 
my age would write. to me. Also wish you 
would, if you find time. Well, I must allow 
some one else to say something. Good-by. 

Vernfield, Pa. Eulalia S. Nyce. 

Here is a chance to strike up a friendly 
correspondence, girls. May you find as 
much joy in it as I did at your age! 

An Ornithological Miracle 

A native minister was telling the mission- 
ary in charge of the district that a sparrow 
had built a nest on the roof of his house. 

" Is there anything in the nest yet?" asked 
the missionary. 

" Yes," replied his Indian brother, proud 
of his English, " the sparrow has pups." — 
Harper's Magazine. 

Hidden Missionaries' (in China) 

1. Raise the box on the fulcrum; pack 
Ernest's books carefully. 

2. Quickly exclaimed the Pueblo: "Ugh!" 

3. Swing the club right, Henry. 

4. It was frozen stiff; lo, rye is not wheat. 

5. Come blow your horn; inglorious was 
his defeat. 

6. He came from the town of Metz, Gerald 
told me. 

7. What a dreadful grade mark: " Rob 
Erholt, zero!" 

8. He and his bride rode on horseback. 

9. His hockey stick was broken in the 

10. Give me my parasol, Len; B. Erger 
wants it. 

Cross Word 
I am composed of six letters. 
My first is in New York but not in Penn- 

My second is in Indiana but not in Ken- 

My third is in Michigan but not in Ohio. 
My fourth is in Wisconsin but not in 

My fifth is in New Jersey but not in 

My sixth is in Iowa but not in Illinois. 
My whole is a noted Annual Conference 

March Nuts Cracked 

Decapitations. — 1. A-dam. 2. A-gate. 
3. A-miss. 4. B-abel. 5. B-east. 6. B-eat. 
7. B-end. 8. B-lame. 9. B-lot. 10. B-oil. 

Resemblances. — 1. aunt, ant. 2. ball, 
bawl. 3. haul, hall. 4. bey, bay. 5. blew, 
blue. 6. bough, bow. 7. braid, brayed. 8. 
bred, bread. 

(April nuts cracked in June) 

It's all right to toot a horn when one is 
in the way of an Overland, but it takes ham- 
mers to crack nuts! See who have been do- 
ing the shelling this month: Eunice Sherck, 
aged 11, and Ruby Sherck, aged 9, Ship- 
shewana, Ind., sent correct answers to 
March " Decapitations " and " Resem- 
blances." Donald Cornelius, Waterloo, 
Iowa, also answered both correctly, and 
Eulalia S. Nyce, Vernfield, Pa., decapitated 


The Missionary Visitor 


very neatly. To these Juniors we are send- 
ing a number of foreign postage stamps. 
Keep the ball rolling! 


ON the fifteenth day of May, a hundred 
and two years ago, a child was born 
in Florence and named for the city of 
her birth; she was not an Italian child, she 
was Florence Nightingale, who was to grow 
up the most beloved woman of England. If 
it had not been for her perhaps you would 
not have the white-clad, gentle-handed 
nurse who takes care of you when you are 
ill; and perhaps our soldiers in France 
would not have had the great mercy of the 
Red Cross to ease their sufferings. 

Florence Nightingale's father was an Eng- 
lish gentleman and his little daughter was 
carefully educated to take a high place in 
court society; but Florence did not care 
for society. All her nursery days she 
spent bandaging the saw-dusty wounds of 
her dolls. All things that were ill or suffer- 
ing she took straight to her heart. 

When she grew up, the only thing she 
wanted was to learn all about taking care 
of sick people. But there was no one in 
England to teach her. So she went to 
Germany where there was a Protestant 
School of Nursing for Deaconesses. Then 
she went to study with the Sisters of St. 
Vincent de Paul in Paris, who, at that 
time, had the finest way of teaching nurs- 
ing in Europe. 

Thus she was ready when the great need 
came. Some time you will read about the 
Crimean War — one of the saddest things in 
history. Tennyson's " Charge of the Light 
Brigade" tells of one happening in it. In 
this war thousands of gallant young English 
soldiers died for lack of care, in Scutari, of 
dirt and disease and neglected wounds. 

When Florence Nightingale heard these 
things she volunteered to go to the suffer- 
ing armies with a band of thirty helpers — 
and it is a great marvel that she was al- 
lowed to work among the soldiers, for the 
proud British officers had always said that 
women were more bother than they were 
worth on the battleground. 

" The men lay in double rows down the 

Florence Nightingale 

long corridors, forming several miles of 
suffering humanity," Miss Nightingale 
wrote in her first letter home. But after 
her arrival, as if by magic, things began to 
change. For twenty hours out of the 
twenty-four the beloved nurse was on her 
feet, assisting at operations, serving the 
patients, even cooking and scrubbing for 
them if necessary. Soldiers, tossing in 
their beds at night, would open their eyes 
to see her gliding down the corridors, the 
light of her night lamp showing the beauty 
of her fine face, her quiet eyes, her dark 
hair simply bound about her head. They 
called her " The Lady of the Lamp " or 
" The Angel of Mercy." 

When she returned home, worn out, after 
the war, her friends gradually realized that 
she would never be able to work again. But 
she still had her mind and her will. In the 
silence of her bedroom she planned the first 
Training School for Nurses, and she wrote 
a book called Notes on Nursing, which is 
still used in training schools today. 

Queen Victoria gave to Florence Nightin- 
gale a red jewelled cross as an acknowledg- 
ment of her services to England. How 
happy our " Lady of the Lamp " would be 
if she could see how brightly the red fire 


The Missionary Visitor 


of that cross now burns through all the 
world! She died in 1910. 


(Gathered from various authors) 

"Render unto God the things that are God's" 

The other day a little girl told me she 
was going to give her father a pair of slip- 
pers on his birthday. " Where will you get 
your money?" I asked. She opened her 
eyes like saucers and she said, " Why, fa- 
ther will give me the money." And just 
for half a minute I was silent as I thought 
the dear man would buy his own birthday 
present. And the father loved his little 
girl for her gift, although he had to pay 
for it. She had not anything in the world 
that he had not given her. You have not 
anything of your own to give to Jesus 
Christ. You can only give him back what 
belongs to him. 

" Moses besought Jehovah " 

A few years ago there was in the Punjab 
a desperate character by the name of Gulu. 
Gulu was touched by Christ and became 
a mighty man of prayer — more, he became 
one of the great intercessors of God. He 
would spend hours in pleading for the af- 
fairs of the kingdom, until the perspira- 
tion streamed down his face. One day Gulu 
came to the missionary. "Sahib," said he, 
" teach me some geography." " Why, Gulu, 
what do you want with geography at your 
age?" "Your honor, I wish to study 
geography that I may know more places to 
pray for." 

" Rabboni, that I may receive my sight " 
Theodore Monod was once telling a little 
friend about Christ healing blind Barti- 
maeus. " And what," said he to the boy, 
" would you have asked from Jesus if you 
had been blind?" "Oh," said the child, 
with glowing face and kindling eyes, " I 
should have asked him for a nice little dog 
with a collar and chain to lead me about." 
How often do we ask for the blind man's 
dog instead of the seeing man's eyes! 

" And after the fire a still small voice " 

A company of colored people were once 

together in prayer for the victorious life. 
The meeting became noisy; one young 
woman leaped and shouted, praying at the 
top of her voice. An aged colored saint 
came up and said gently, " Honey, dis is not 
de. way to obtain de blessing; why, dear, 
when you get de Dove in your heart, you 
will feel as if you were in de stable in Beth- 
lehem, and de bressed mudder had given 
you de sleeping Baby to hold." 

"Jehovah thy God is with thee whitherso- 
ever thou goest" 

A little village lad once had to make an 
unknown journey to a distant town. When 
he was ready to start, he paused uncertainly 
in the doorway. " Mother," he said, in 
troubled tones, " it's so far, and it's a new 
road to me; I — I'm not 'zactly afraid, but — 
but couldn't you go a little way with me?" 
She caught the anxiousness of the childish 
appeal, and said quietly, " Mother'll go, all 
the way with you, son." And so, the little 
brown hand confidently held in mother's, 
he walked the new way unafraid. 

" Whosoever shall be ashamed of me . . . 

the Son of man shall be 

ashamed of him " 

Rev. George F. Pentecost tells of 
a timid little girl, who wanted to be 
prayed for at a religious meeting in the 
south of London. She wanted .to come to 
Jesus, and said to the Christian man who 
was conducting the meeting, " Will you pray 
for me in the meeting, please? But do not 
mention my name." In the meeting which 
followed, when every head was bowed and 
there was perfect silence, the gentleman 
prayed for the little girl, and he said, " O 
Lord, there is a little girl who does not 
want her name known, but thou dost know 
her; save her precious soul." There was 
stillness for a moment, and then away back 
in that congregation a little girl arose, and 
a pleading little voice said, " Please, it's 
me; Jesus, it's me." She did not want to 
have a doubt. The more she had thought 
about it the. hungrier her heart was for 
forgiveness. She wanted to be saved, and 
she was not ashamed to say, "Jesus, it's 


The Missionary Visitor 


During the month of March the Board sent out 
7,080 tracts. 

The following contributions to the Board's funds 
were received during March. 

Alabama— $18.26 

Cong. : Fruitdale, $ 18 26 

Arkansas— $2.50 

First Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Mattie Moore,... 2 50 

California— $586.46 

So. Dist., Cong.: Sarah Gnagey, (Passa- 
dena) $10.00; S. S.: La Verne, $576.46, 586 46 

Colorado— $13.21 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Denver, 8 21 

W. Dist., Cong.: Morris Fullerton & wife 

(Grand Junction), 5 00 

Idaho— $15.00 
S. S.: Springdale (Nampa) $10.00; Indv.: 

A. L. Boyd, $5.00, 15 00 

Illinois— $288.38 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $32.08; Pine 
Creek, $39.00; Cherry Grove, $90.00; Mrs. 
Minna Heckman .(Chicago) $10.00; Indv.: 

Lillian M. Wise, $1.00, 172 08 

So. Dist., Cong.: Woodland, $92.00; 
Springfield Mission, $3.30; Virden, $20.00; 

Indv.: Mrs. J. B. Shaffer, $1.00, 116 30 

Indiana— $263.25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. Manchester, $25.00; 
Bachelors Run, $47.00; S. S.: "Friendship 
Bible Class," Huntington City, $50.00; 
" Willing Workers " Class, Loon Creek, 
$10.00; Indiv.: Catharine Hostetler, $1.00... 133 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: LaPorte, $15.63; Bremen, 
$20.00; A. L. Sellers (M. N.) (Shipshe- 

wana) $.50, 36 13 

So. Dist. Cong.: A Brother (Summitville) 
$23.89; S. S.: Primary Class, Indianapolis, 
$1.72; Indianapolis, $18.51; Four Mile, $50.00, 94 12 
Iowa— $84.86 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Coon River, $45.00; S. 

S.: Panther Creek, $9.56, 54 56 

No. Dist. Cong.: Mary M. Slifer (Grundy 

Co.) $2.00; S. S.: Gr^en, $6.00, 8 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Libertyville, $17.50; S. 

S. : Osceola, $4.80 22 30 

Kansas— $23.60 
N. E. Dist., S. S.: " Timothean Class" 

Morrill, '. 15 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Monitor, 8 60 

Maryland— $129.43 

E. Dist., Cong.: Washington City, $109.51; 
B. B. Brumbaugh (Denton) $1.00; Indv.: 

J. A. Arnold, $15.42, 125 93 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: A Sister (Broadford- 
ing) $2.00; Indv.: Harvey J. Martin, $1.50,.. 3 50 

Michigan— $122.78 

Cong.: Woodland, $35.33; Thornapple, $55.69; 
Sunfield, $5.00; New Haven, $26.26; G. Nev- 

inger, (M. N.) (Onekama) $.50 122 78 

Missouri — $35.00 
Mid. Dist., Cong.: Kansas City, $25.00; 

Elda Gauss (Centerview) $5.00 30 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Frank Folger (Shelby 

Co.), , 5 00 

Minnesota — $30.25 
Cong.: Worthington, $4.25; Winona, $21.00; 

Susan Henninger (Nemadji) $5.00, 30 25 

Ohio— $184.32 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Jonathan Creek, 
$107.00; Indv.: Mrs. S. H. Orr, $.32; Samuel 

Feller. $5.00; Mrs. R. C. Miller, $25.00, 137 32 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Logan, $10.00; Swan 
Creek, $27.00; H. A. Throne (Silver Creek) 
$10.00 47 00 

Pennsylvania — $2,247.68 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lake Ridge, $2.00; Mount- 
ville, $49.29; Elizabethtown, $133.97; Chiques, 
$92.31; Annville, $37.00; White Oak, $70.36; 
Mechanic Grove, $1.50; Indv.: S. S. Lint, 
$3.00; S. S.: "Willing Workers Class," 
Ridgely, $3.39; C. W. S.: Mingo, $25.00,.... 417 82 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Leamersville, $14.25; 
New Enterprise. $173.27; Dunnings Creek, 
$19.57; 1st, Altoona, $335.54; Mrs. Mary A. 
Kinsey (Dunnings Creek) $10.00; S. B. 
Gochnour (Snake Springs) $100.00; S. S. : 
1st Altoona, $52.06; Aid Soc. : 1st Al- 
toona, $25.00, 729 69 

So. Dist., Cong.: Antietam, $485.00; 
Brandts (Back Creek) $25.00, 510 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Coventry, $230.00; 
Greentree, $127.00; Harmonyville, $10.00; 
Parkerford, $9.00, 376 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Elbethel, $50.00; Park 
Speicher & wife (Somerset) $25.00; Geo. L. 
Foster & wife (Pittsburgh) $6.00; Herman 
Rummel (Quemahoning) $10.00; A Brother 
& Sister (Manor) $65.00; S. S.: " God's Help- 
ers Class" Rummel, $47.17; Indv.: Thomas 
Hardin, $1.00; A Brother & Family, $10.00,.. 214 17 
Tennessee — $5.00 

Cong.: Meadow Branch 5 00 

Texas— $15.42 

Cong.: Rev. D. G. Brubaker (Nocona),... 15 42 

Virginia— $405.59 

E. Dist., Cong.: B. F. A. Myers (Fair- 
fax) $.25; Ella L. Myers (Fairfax) $1.00; 
Indv.: No. 57025, $2.00 3 25 

First Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, $3.75; A. C. 
Riely, (Cloverdale) $50.00; S. S.: Trinity 
(Troutville) $50.00 103 75 

No. Dist., Cong.: Unity, $12.00; Linville 
Creek, $40.00; Luray (Mt. Zion) $6.61; Mrs. 
D. Frank Cave (Mt. Zion) $2.00, 60 61 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Lebanon, $200.33; Basic 
City (Barren Ridge) $16.65; Minor C. Miller 
(Bridgewater) $20.00; N. I. Buck (Elk- 
Run) $1.00, 237 98 

W is c o n s n— $4 .93 

Cong.: Chippewa Valley, 4 93 

Total for the month, $ 4,475 92 

Virginia — $65 00 

Sec. Dist., Students of Bridgewater Col- 
lege, $ 65 00 

Total for the month, $ 65 00 

Indiana — $87.00 

Mid. Dist., Students & Faculty of Man- 
chester College, $ 87 00 

Pennsylvania— $100.00 

Mid. Dist., Students & Faculty of Juniata 

College, 100 00 

Virginia— $85.50 

E. Dist., Students & Faculty of Hebron 
Seminary, 40 00 

Sec. Dist., Students & Faculty of Bridge- 
water College, 45 50 

Total for the month $ 272 50 

Colorado— $10.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Haxtun, $ 15 00 

Idaho & W. Mont.— $63.00 

Aid Societies 63 00 

Iowa— $259.80 

Mid. Dist., Aid Societies 149 80 


No. Dist., Aid Soc: Sheldon^ 

• So._ Dist.,' Aid Societies .^.T?? 4 ?; 5 

Kansas— $44.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Topeka, $10.00; Ot- 
tawa, $10.00; Rock Creek, $10.00; Central 
Ave., Kansas City, $10.00 

S. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Verdigris, 

Maryland— $240.00 

E. Dist., Aid Societies, 

Michigan— $10.00 

Aid Soc: Beaverton, ....'. 

Nebraska— $85.00 

Aid Soc: Lincoln, $10.00; Omaha, $10.00; 
Beatrice, $10.00; Alvo, $5.00; Afton, $10.00; 

Falls City, $10.00; Bethel, $30.00 

N. D. & E. Mont.— $42.00 

Aid Societies, 

Ohic— $124.00 

N. E. Dist., Aid Soc: Richland Center,... 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: New Carlisle, $10.00; 
Union City, (Country Aid) $10.00; Middle 
District, $10.00; Covington, $30.00; Spring- 
field, $20.00; Prices Creek, $4.00; Brookville, 
$10 00; Ludlow (Salem) 10.00; Donnels Creek, 


Oklahoma— $12.50 

Aid Soc: Cordell, 

Pennsylvania— $357.00 

Mid. Dist., Aid Sqc: Bellwood, 

S. E. Dist., Aid Societies, 

Tennessee— $5.00 

Aid Soc, Knob Creek, 

Total for the month, $ 

Pennsylvania — $5.00 

Mid. Dist.. Mrs. Hannah Puderbaugh 
(Clover Creek), 

Total for the month, $ 

Oklahoma— $50.00 

Cong.: James Beard (Prairie Lake), 

Virginia — $.10 
First Dist., Cong.: Green Hill, 

Total for the month $ 

Indiana— $50.00 

Mid. Dist., C. W. S.: Logansport, 

Iowa— $120.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: D. F. Walker & Wife, 
(Panther Creek) $60.00; S. S.: Garrison, 


Ohio— $15.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Greenville, 

Pennsylvania— $40.00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Huntsdale (Upper Cum- 

South Dakota— $12.50 

S. S.: Willow Creek, 

Total for the month, $ 


California— $17.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Pasadena, : 

Illinois— $1.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, 

Indiana — $22.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Beginners Class, First 
So. Bend, $2.00; Aid Soc: First So. Bend, 

$20.00 . 

Pennsylvania— $214.25 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Other Folks" Class, 
Hatfield, $8.75; Aid Soc: W. Greentree Sis- 
ters, $17.50; White Oak Sisters, $36.00; 
Indv.: R. C. Hinkle & wife, $35.00, 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Ella Stine, (Spring 
Run) , 

The Missionary Visitor May 


10 00 So. Dist., S. S.: First York, 57 00 

--iOOOO ' W. Dist., Cong.: A Brother & Sister 

(Manor) , , 35 00 

Virginia — $35.00 
No. Dist.: Aid Soc: Eastern (Mill 
40 00 Creek) 35 QO 

Total for the month, $ 289 25 


in no Colorado— $32.75 
1U w S. E. Dist., Cong.: Sewell Rogers (Rocky 

Ford), - 25 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: First Grand Valley, .... 7 75 

Illinois— $35.00 
85 w No. Dist., Cong.: M. L. Kimmel (Mt. 

Morris), -. 35 00 

42 00 Iowa— $31.00 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: "Welcome Band," 

10 00 Prairie City, 31 00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Sheldon, 50 00 

Kansas— $125.00 

N. E. Dist., C. W. S.: Ottawa, 25 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: J. A. Bowers (Mc- 

114 m Person) 100 00 

,_ E. Dist., S. S.: Woodberry (Baltimore) 

1J ** $16.67; Men's Bible Class, Woodberry (Balti- 
more) $16.67; Pipe Creek, $25.00; Edgewood, 

7 00 $5.00, 63 34 

350 00 Michigan— $25.00 

S. S.: "Willing Workers" Y. P. Class, 

5 00 Beaverton, * 25 00 

— -— Missouri— $25.00 

1,252 3U No Dist>> g s . "Sunbeam" Class, Wal- 

. nut Grove, 25 00 

North Dakota— $37.50 
S. S.: "Beacon Lights" Class, Minot,... 37 50 
5 00 Ohio— $75 00 

N. E. Dist., S. S.: Primary Dept., Hart- 

5 00 ville, 25 00 

So. Dist., S. S.: Pitsburg, 50 00 

Pennsylvania— $75.00 
E. Dist., Cong.: Wm. A. Withers (Eliza- 

50 00 bethtown) 50 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: "Willing Workers Bible 
10 Class," Brothersvalley, 25 00 

50 10 Total for the month, „-..$ 574 59 

California — $20.00 

50 00 So. Dist., Aid Soc: So. Los Angeles, 20 00 

Illinois — $2.00 
No. Dist., No. 57258 & No. 57163 Louise 

(Waddams Grove) 2 00 

120 00 Ohio— $3.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Lick Creek, 3 00 

Total for the month, $ 25 00 

40 00 Florida— $1,172.00 

Cong.: J. H. Garst (Sebring) (For Electric 

12 50 Light Plant) 1,172 00 

~~7 Illinois— $6.00 

237 50 So. Dist., Cong.: Winfield B. Ross (As- 

toria) $1.00; A. H. Lind (Astoria) $5.00, .... 6 00 

Michigan— $34.51 
17 nQ S. S. : Primary Classes, Shepherd. (For 

11 uw support of Ronald E. Bowman) 34 51 

.. nn Virginia— $3.90 

1 uu First Dist., Cong.: Greenhill, 05 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run,- 3 85 

Total for the month, : $ 1,216 41 

22 00 


Indiana— $17.78 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Birthday Offering, 

Pleasant Dale, 17 78 

97 25 Oho— $13.64 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Baker, 13 64 

25 00 



The Missionary Visitor 


Total for the month $ 

Indiana — $.05 

No. Dist., Cong.: LaPorte $ 

Pennsylvania — $33.71 
E. Dist., S. S.: Junior Class, Mohrsville 

(Maiden Creek) » 

W. Dist., Indv.: A Brother & Family 

31 42 


25 65 
8 06 

Virginia— $13.78 

No. Dist., S. S.: Class 

No. 3, Green- 

13 78 

Total for the month $ 33 76 

California— $18.00 

So. Dist., Aid Soc: Pasadena, 18 00 

Indiana— $.35 

No. Dist.. Cong.: LaPorte 35 

Total for the month, $ 

18 35 

California— $12.50 

So. Dist., S. S.: "Friendship" Bible 

Class, Pasadena, $ 12 50 

Indiana — $25.00 

No. Dist., C. W. S.: Nappanee, 25 00 

Iowa— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Volunteer Class, Water- 
loo City 25 00 

Maryland— $51.66 

E. Dist., S. S.: Woodberry (Baltimore),.. 16 66 

Mid. Dist., S. S.: Altruistic Class, Hag- 

erstown, 35 00 

New Mexico— $18.75 

S. S.: "Comrade" Class, Miami, 18 75 

Pennsylvania — $50.00 

E. Dist., S. S.: "Gleaners' Bible Class" 

Lancaster 50 00 

Wisconsin— $6.25 

Cong.: A Sister (Rice Lake), 6 25 

2 00 


16 00 

5 00 

4 07 

1 00 

1 25 

15 00 

Total for the month, $ 189 16 

Colorado— $2.00 

W. Dist., Cong.: J. D. Coffman (First 

Grand Valley) $ 

Idaho— $16.00 

Cong;: Clearwater, 

Illinois— $5.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Champaign 

Iowa— $4.07 

So. Dist., S. S.: Council Bluffs, 

Maryland— $1.00 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mrs. Samuel Ausher- 


Michigan— $1.25 

Indv.: A Friend 

Missouri — $15.00 

S. W. Dist., Indv.: Clara Miller, 

Pennsylvania— $158.27 

E. Dist., Cong.: Lake Ridge, $8.25; S. S. : 
Midway. $30.00; Annville, $40.00, 78 25 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Carson Valley, 12 60 

So. Dist., Cong.: Falling Spring, $24.38; 

S. S.: Good Will (Lost Creek) $43.04, 67 42 

Virginia— $24.01 

First Dist., Cong.: Daleville, 24 01 

Total for the month $ 226 60 

lirnois— $25.00 

No. Dist., S. S.: Elgin, 25 00 

Indiana — $26.93 

Mid. Dist.. S. S.: Mexico 2193 

No. Dist. Cong.: Sister Witner (First So. 

Bend) 5 00 

Pennsylvania— $103.50 

So. Dist.: Cong.: Marsh Creek, $41.50; 
Falling Spring, $2.00 43 50 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: First Philadelphia 60 00 

Total for the month, $ 169 21 

Arkansas— $20.00 

First Dist., Indv.: Matilda Groff, 10 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: C. H. Brown (Spring- 
dale) 10 00 

California— $16.50 

No. Dist., Indv.: D. S. Buterbaugh, 1 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: A. A. Neher & wife 

(La Verne), 15 00 

Illinois— $57.12 

No. Dist., Cong.: Lanark, $52.15; Indv.: 

A. S. G., $5.00, 57 12 

Indiana— $244.94 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mexico and S. S., 
$57.60; S. S.: Pipe Creek Sisters', $10.00,.... 67 60 

No. Dist., Cong.: Bethany, $134.84; S. S.: 
No. Liberty, $17.50, 152 34 

So. Dist., Cong.: Chas. H. Ellabarger 

(Nettle Creek), 25 00 

Iowa — $5.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: J. R. Snavely & wife 

(Waterloo), 5 00 

Kansas— $19.06 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: T. A. Robinson & wife 
(Mont Ida) 4 00 

S. W. Dist., Cong.: Hutchinson 15 06 

Maryland— $25.00 

E. Dist., Indv.: Oscar A. Helbig & wife.. 25 00 

Pennsylvania — $25.00 

So. Dist., Cong.: Arthur Myers (Cham- 
bersburg), 5 00 

W. Dist., Indv.: "Left Hand," 20 00 

South Carolina— $50.00 

Cong.: W. T. Head (Melvin Hill) 50 00 

Virginia— $85.20 

E. Dist., Cong.: Oakton (Fairfax) 19 00 

Xo. Dist., S. S. : Class No. 6, Greenmount, 2 68 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Bridgewater 63 52 

Washington— $5.00 

Cong.: No. 56913 (Wenatchee) 5 00 

Total for the month, $ 552 82 

Pennsylvania — $14.00 

E. Dist., Aid Soc: White Oak Sisters, .. 14 00 

Total for the month $ 14 00 

Arizona— $77.86 

Cong. : Glendale $ 77 86 

California— 309.48 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Reedley, $71.00; Patter- 
son, $122.00; Bethel, $45.50 238 50 

So. Dist., Cong.: Hermosa Beach, $6.00; 

Pasadena, $20.00; Inglewood, $44.98, 70 98 

Idaho— $45.00 

Cong.: Payette Valley 45 00 

111 nois— $1,291.76 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Morris, $221.12; 
Chicago. $612.72; Franklin Grove, $129.00; 
Elgin, $90.00; Naperville, $33.25; Hickory 
Grove, $24.17; Dixon, $66.25, 1,176 51 

So. Dist., Cong.: Astoria, $10.75; Cerro 

Gordo, $100.90; La Motte Prairie, $4.50, 115 25 

Indiana— $1,166.79 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: W. Manchester, $150.00; 
Flora, $81.00; Pleasant View, $154.00; Lo- 
ganspor., $20.00; Upper Deer Creek, $20.50; 
Huntington City, $230.00 655 50 

Xo. Dist., Cong.: First So. Bend, $174.00; 
Pleasant Chapel, $50.00; Walnut, $13.00; 
Bremen, $6.00; English Prairie, $135.00; 
Pleasant Valley, $12.00; Elkhart City, 
$37.00; Oak Grove, $20.00, 447 0Q 

So. Dist.. Cong.: Four Mile, $53.50; S. S. : 
Class No.4, Rossville, $10.79, 64 29 


The Missionary Visitor 


Iowa— $531.98 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Prairie City, $25.00; 
Brooklyn, $19.00, ". $ 44 00 

No. Dist., Cong.: Kingsley, 41 00 

So. Dist., Cong.: No. English, $18.75; Eng- 
lish River, $334.00; Franklin, $11.25; Ottum- 
wa, $39.75; Council Bluffs, $15.23; Mt. Etna, 

$28.00, 446 98 

Kansas— $60.00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Maple -Grove, 45 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Osage, 15 00 

Maryland— $653.50 

E. Dist., Cong.: Locust Grove, $3.00; Long 
Green Valley, $16.50, 19 50 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Pleasant View, 634 00 

Michigan— $70.25 

Cong. : Woodland, 70 25 

Missouri— $21.42 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Mineral Creek, 15 67 

No. Dist., Indv.: Mrs. Nettie Keller,.... 2 00 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Will Long, (Broad- 
water), 3 75 

Minnesota— $58.00 

Cong.: Lewiston, 58 00 

Nebraska, $339.93 

Cong.: So. Beatrice, $334.93; Mrs. Sarah 

Devilbiss (So. Loup) $5.00, 339 93 

New York— $280.00 

Cong. : Brooklyn, 280 00 

Ohio— $1,671.84 

N. E. Dist., Cong.: Jonathan Creek, 
$52.00; Black River, $35.00, 87 00 

N. W. Dist., Cong.: Swan Creek, $58.00; 
Logan, $30.00; Baker, $75.00; Lima, $50.00; 
Eagle Creek, $252.88 465 88 

So. Dist., Cong.: Poplar Grove, $49.00; E. 
Dayton, $15.00; Prices Creek, $90.00; Har- 
ris Creek, $363.55; Lower Stillwater, $70.41; 
W. Charleston, $176.50; Sugar Hill, $11.50; 
Ft. McKinley, $8.00; Palestine, $80.00; 

Salem, $255.00, 1,118 96 

Oregon— $170.00 

Cong.: Myrtle Point, 170 00 

Pennsylvania, $2,108.04 

E. Dist., Cong.: Conestoga, $66.50; Spring 
Creek, $19.35, 85 85 

Mid. Dist., Cong.: Spring Run, $408.44; 
Antietam, $25.00; Burnham (Lewistown) 
$75.25; Stonerstown, $21.50; Dry Valley, 
$70.00; Leamersville, $40.50, 640 69 

So. Dist., Cong.: Back Creek, $40.70; 
Upper Cumberland, $50.50, 9120 

S. E. Dist., Cong.: Norristown, $35.00; 
Royersford, $47.00; Coventry, $160.00, 242 00 

W. Dist., Cong.: Pittsburgh, $50.00; Elk 
Lick, $40.00; Moxham, $130.00; Windber, 
$40.50; Maple Glen, $61.50; Roxbury, $724.30, 1,048 30 
Tennessee— $60.83 

Congs. of Tenn., $55.83; Indv.: Jessie 

Diehl, $5.00, 60 83 

Virginia— $1,589.80 

E. Dist., Cong.: Mt. Carmel, 47 00 

First Dist., Congs 379 80 

No. Dist., Cong.: Linville Creek, $85.00; 
Unity, $163.00; Upper Lost River, $9.75; Flat 
Rock, $57.43, 315 18 

Sec. Dist., Cong.: Elk Run, $145.62; Pleas- 
ant Valley, $448.50; Bridgewater, $250.00; 

Beaver Creek, $3.70, 847 82 

Washington— $32.00 

Cong.: Mt. Hope, $30.00; Indv.: Ann C. 
Castle, $2.00, 32 00 

Society for D. J. Lichty, 

So. Dist., Okaw Cong, for J. 

E. Wag- 

Iowa— $134.04 

Mid. Dist., S. S. for S. Ira Arnold, 

Total for the month, ...$10,538.48 

Illinois— $1.00 

No. Dist., Cong.: No. 57258 Louise (Wad- 
dams Grove, $ 100 

Kansas— $125.00 

S. E. Dist., Osage C. W. S. for Mrs. E. 
H. Eby, 

S. W. & S. E. Colo., Congs. for F. H. 
Crumpacker and wife, 

Maryland— $34.00 

E. Dist., (Blue Ridge College) Pipe Creek 
Cong, for W. B. St6ver, 

Missouri, $101.50 

Mid. Dist. Congs. for Jennie Mohler, 

Nebraska, $308.80 

Bethel Cong, for Raymond C. Flory, 
$88.50; (Bethel) Nebraska Foreign Fund for 
Josephine Powell, $55.80; Nebraska Foreign 
Fund for Josephine Powell, $164.50, 

Ohio— $465.17 

N. W. Dist., Lick Creek Cong, for Eliza- 
beth Kintner, 

So. Dist., Trotwood Cong, for Elizabeth 
Oberholtzer, $216.09; Bethel S. S. (Salem) 
for Esther Bright, $24.08, 

Pennsylvania— $237.50 

E. Dist., Peach Blossom Cong, for Anna 
M. Hutchison, 

Mid. Dist., Francis Baker of Everett 
Cong, for Ferae Coffman, 

Virginia— $357.70 

E. Dist., Myers Bros. (Fairfax) for Minor 
M. Myers, 

Sec. Dist., Elk Run Cong, for Sara Z. 

225 00 
491 12 

134 04 

25 00 

100 00 

34 00 

101 50 

308 80 

225 00 
240 17 

200 00 
37 50 

300 00 
57 70 

Total for the month, $ 

Illinois— $716.12 

No. Dist., Mt. Morris College Missionary 

1 00 

Total for the month $ 2,479 83 


(Continued from Page 147) 
handicapped in giving the service they would 
like to render. Several points of preaching 
adjacent to the churches are maintained in 
summer time, but are not generally acces- 
sible in winter. Most all of the churches 
were started through members emigrating 
from the States, one of the number, how- 
ever, having come to us from the River 

Other congregations might be started by 
isolated members and others seeking a home 
in a new country, by locating together and 
commencing services, and this seems to be 
the best and most substantial way of do- 
ing work in this country. If these congre- 
gations can be maintained, the members 
proving true and loyal to the Lord of the 
harvest, the work will prosper and many 
souls will be garnered in. May the Church 
of the Brethren take her place in this great 
field with that of the other denominations 
to carry the gospel message of the risen 
Christ to as many as it is possible to reach! 

Gleichen, Alta., Canada. 






















+ 4* 















7 + 


H. C. EARLY, Penn Laird, Va. 
OTHO WINGER, North Manchester, 

CHAS. D. BONSACK, Elgin. 111. 
Ind. J. J. YODER, McPherson, Kans. 

A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa 


H. C. EARLY, President. H. SPENSER MINNICH, Missionary Educa- 

OTHO WINGER, Vice-President tional Secretary, Editor Missionary Visitor. 

CHARLES D. BONSACK, Acting General M. R. ZIGLER, Home Mission Secretary. 
Secretary. CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 

All correspondence for the Board should be addressed to Elgin, Illinois 




Glasmire, W. E. 

Glasmire, Leah S. 
Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 

*Esbensen, Niels 
*Esbensen, Christine 

Friisgatan No. 1 
Malmb, Sweden 

Graybill, J. F. 

Graybill, Alice M. 

Buckingham, Ida 

Ping Ting Hsien, 
Shansi, China 

Blough, Anna V. 
Bright, J. Homer 
Bright, Minnie F. 
Coffman, Dr. Carl 
Coffman, Feme H. 
Crumpacker, F. H. 
Crumpacker, Anna M. 
Flory, Edna R. 
Horning, Emma 
Metzger, Minerva 
Oberholtzer, I. E. 
Oberholtzer, Elizabeth W. 
Rider, Bessie M. 
Shock, Laura J. 
Sollenberger, O. C. 
Sollenberger, Hazel Cop- 
Vaniman, Ernest D. 
Vaniman, Susie C. 
Wampler, Dr. Fred J. 
Wampler, Rebecca C. 
Ullom, Lulu 

North China 
Language School 
Pekin, China 

Blickenstaff, Miles 

Blickenstaff, Erma 
Liao Chou, Shansi, China 

Bowman, Samuel B. 

Bowman, Pearl S. 

Cline, Mary E. 

Cripe, Winnie E. 

Horning, Dr. D. L. 

Horning, Martha Daggett 

Hutchison, Anna 

Miller, Valley 

Pollock, Myrtle 

Seese, Norman A. 

Seese, Anna 

Senger, Nettie M. 

Wampler, Ernest M. 

Wampler, Vida A. 
Shou Yang, Shansi, China 

Clapper, V. Grace 

Flory. Byron M. 

Flory, Xora 

Heisey, Walter J. 
Heisey, Sue R. 
Schaeffer, Mary 
Smith, W. Harlan 
Smith, Frances Sheller 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. 
C. A., Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M. 

Myers, Sara Z. 
On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning. 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Moy 

On Furlough 

Flory, Raymond C. -Mc- 
Pherson, Kans. 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans. 
Detained beyond furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G.. 
North Manchester. Ind. 

Brubaker, Cora M. 
North Manchester. Ind. 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, 
via Bilimora, India 

Ebey, Adam 

Ebey, Alice K. 
Anklesvar, Broach 

Lichty, D. J. 
Miller, Eliza B. 
Miller, A. S. B. 
Miller, Jennie B. 
Miller, Sadie J. 

Bulsar, Surat Dist. 

Blickenstaff, Lynn A. 

Blickenstaff, Mary B. 

Eby, E. H. 

Eby, Emma H. 

Hoffert, A. T. 

Kintner, Elizabeth 

Mohler, Jennie 

Shickel, Elsie 

Shumaker, Ida 

Wagoner, J. Elmer 

Wagoner, Ellen H. 
Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Alley, Howard L. 

Alley, Hattie Z. 

Blickenstaff, Verna M. 

Butterbaugh, Andrew G. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L. 

Ebbert, Ella 

Royer, B. Marv 

Shull, Chalmer G. 

Shull, Mary S. 
Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L. 

Forney, Anna M. 

Replogle, Sara G. 




Vada, Thana Dist. 

Brown, Nettie P. 

Brumbaugh, Anna B. 

Hollenberg, Fred M. 

Hollenberg, Nora R. 

Kaylor, John I. 

Kaylor, Ina Marshburn 
Palghar, Thana Dist., India 

Garner, H. P. 

Garner, Kathryn B. 
Post: Umalla, via 
Anklesvar, India 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida 

Holsopple, Q. A. 

Holsopple, Kathren R. 

Ziegler, Kathryn 

Vyara, via Surat, India 

Blough, J. M. 
Blough, Anna Z. 
Grisso, Lillian 
Mow, Anetta 
Summer, Benjamin F. 
Widdowson, Olive 

On Furlough 

Arnold, S. Ira, Ludlow - 
ville, N. Y. . 

Arnold, Elizabeth, Lud- 
lowville, N. Y. 

Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Long, Erne V., Bridgewa- 
ter, Va. 

Nickey, Dr. Barbara M. 
Monticello, Minn. 

Powell, Josephine, Aurora, 

Ross, A. W., No. Man- 
chester, Ind., care of 

Ross, Flora N., No. Man- 
chester, Ind*, care of 

Detained beyond furlough 

Cottrell, Dr. A. R., Cot- 
trell, Dr. Laura M., care 
of London School Tropi- 
cal Medicine, Ensleigh 
Gardens, Enston Road, 
N. W. I., London, Eng. 

Eby. Anna M., Trotwood, 

Pittenger, J. M.. Pleasant 
Hill, Ohio 

Pittenger, Florence B., 
Pleasant Hill. Ohio 

Stover, W. B., Mt. Morn's, 

Stover, Mary E., Mt. Mor- 
ris, 111. 

Swartz, Goldie E., Ash- 
land, Ohio 

Please Notice Postage on letters to our missionaries is 5c for each ounce or fracl 

and 3c for each additional ounce or fraction. 
'Native workers trained in America. 
4^4444 ^-J-************** 44444444444+^*44444 4444444444*+*^***X 

*++++*++****+++*+*** ,'.+*****+*.***>{ "M-+44444444444444444444+ 44* 































•— • 










I— « 


















< c^ 





Somebody to help invest for profit. 

Everybody is in need of advice re- 
garding best investments. 

Nobody is a specialist along all 

A woman wanted to buy a sewing machine and she wished 
someone would tell her which kind was the best to purchase. 

A man was sent to town by his wife to purchase a suit for 
their little boy. He didn't know much about boys' suits. He need- 
ed some one to advise him how to invest in a suit for his boy to 
get the most for the money. 

A farmer decided to buy a farm tractor and the agents were 
plentiful. This farmer knew little about tractors. Where could 
he get the information he needed? 

A good brother in the church who was well blessed felt he 
should make a gift to the Lord. He didn't know if he should 
make a will, or give an endowment note, or if there was a still 
better plan about which he was not informed. 

Another man felt he knew and didn't seek any advice. He 
gave his money to a cause that soon came to nought. 

The General Mission Board is in a position to give you ad- 
vice and to use your money for the greatest good. 


1. It is the official Board of the Church for General Mission- 
ary Work. 

2. The Board has had experience since 1884. 

3. The work is backed up by the church, which gives it 

Make arrangements for the Lord's portion NOW 
before it is too late. 

Any information you write to the Mission 
Rooms in confidence will be held as such. If 
you answer this ask for booklet V 223. 

S\*b * "1 o v 


(Zerveral Missioix Boar4 


Elgin. Illinois 


Church of the ^Brethren 


Jume, 1922 


The Brooklyn Italian Mission Is Located on a Busy, Crowded Street 


I P ... ■ 

The Missionary Visitor 




The, subscription price is included m EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub 
scriptions, thus secured, may itpon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request, the Visitor will he - 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, IS cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscription's and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postorhce of Elgin. Illinois. 

October 3, 1917 

for mailing at special rate 
authorized Any. 20, 1918. 

postage provided 




Missionary Education, 

Home Department, 

Home-Going of Anna V. Blough, By Chas. D. 
Supports of Missionaries 



General (201), Financial (203). 


General (205). Statistical (206) 


Famine Committee (^22-0. 



it II 




The Thirty-Seventh 


of the 

General Mission Board 

of the 

Church of the Brethren 

For the Year Ending Feb. 28, 1 922 

Published by the General Mission Board, Elgin, Illinois 
For distribution free to all who are interested 

The Membership of the Board 

J. J. Yoder, McPherson, Kansas, Term expires 1926 

H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia, Term expires 1925 

A. P. Blough, Waterloo, Iowa, Term expires 1924 

Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana, . . .Term expires 1923 

Chas. D. Bonsack, Elgin, Illinois, Term expires 1922 


President, H. C. Early, Penn Laird, Virginia 

Vice-President, Otho Winger, North Manchester, Indiana 

Acting General Secretary, Charles D. Bonsack, Elgin, Illinois 

Missionary Educational Sec, H. Spenser Minnich 

Editor, the Visitor 

Elgin, Illinois 

Home Mission Secretary, M. R. Zigler 
Elgin, Illinois 

Treasurer, Clyde M. Culp 
Elgin, Illinois 

Office of the Board, Elgin, 111. Time of Annual Meeting, third 
Wednesday in August. Other regular meetings, third Wednesday of 
April and December and at Annual Conference. 

To insure prompt attention, all correspondence relative to mission 
work, or any activities of the Board, that is intended for the Board, 
should be addressed to General Mission Board, Elgin, 111., and to no 

162 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Our Thirty-Seventh Annual Report 

WE submit herewith the report of the General Mission Board for the fiscal year, 
from March 1, 1921, to Feb. 28, 1922. As in most years, it has brought ex- 
periences and problems mingled with gladness and sorrow. In the early 
part, as referred to in the previous report, we lost by death our beloved Secretary 
Williams, while on his tour of the mission fields — his body lying at Mombasa, British 
East Africa. Eld. D. L. Miller also was called home. .In many ways he was the 
father of our work, and his long life was a bulwark of strength to every good work of 
the Board. His memory will remain a rich heritage to the cause of missions in the 

Never, perhaps, was there a time when the need for a courageous faith and a 
sacrificial endeavor in the missionary field was so imperative. As we get further from 
the war and its direful effects, we find the nations unsettled and tottering. Burdened 
with debts and with changes that bring untried forces into political power, men and 
nations are at the parting of the ways. Shall they deny Christ and Christianity — not 
knowing Christ, yet condemning him because of the inconsistencies of those who 
claim to represent him? or shall they accept Christianity as the remedy for the inward 
thirst that has not been quenched? It seems a strategic hour into which the Lord 
has brought us. May we not fail him as he may be pleased to point the way! There 
is no remedy but Christ — he has all power — to heal and save, either men or nations. 

Health among the missionaries has been fair. Some are detained at home on 
account of sickness, either of themselves or families, and more early returns on 
furlough, from the field, are likely to occur for the same reason; but under the bless- 
ing of the Heavenly Father, most of them have been permitted to continue their work 
in reasonable health. We had hoped to close the year without any deaths on the 
field, but as this report is being written the sad intelligence is cabled that Sister Anna 
V. Blough has been called home. She died of typhus fever at Ping Ting Chou, China, 
May 9, 1922. The particulars have not reached us, but it means that another of our 
most devoted women has been taken from among the workers on the field. May 
the Lord comfort her loved ones and make her memory precious to all, that the tasks 
she left we may faithfully "carry on"! 

Sickness and death among the seasoned workers cause a distinct loss. It re- 
quires much care and time for new missionaries to be acclimated, to get the language 
and understand the native mind and customs. Success depends so much upon reach- 
ing this point in strength and wisdom. For this reason, the Board tries to provide 
the best medical attention for the missionaries at all times, both on the field and 
when at home. 

The death of Bro. Williams necessitated some addition to the office force to 
carry on the ever-increasing duties of the Board. At the September meeting Bro. 
Chas. D. Bonsack was elected acting general secretary, and Bro. Clyde M. Culp, who 
had been financial secretary, was elected treasurer. These brethren, with Bro. H. Spenser 
Minnich as office secretary and editor of the Missionary Visitor, and M. R. Zigler as 
home secretary, make up the office force. 


The year has been one of financial depression, but with a reduced program of 
building, and in other phases of the work, and with economy on every hand, the 
year was closed with a splendid balance. For this we are grateful to the Lord and for 
the faithfulness of the church to its missionary purpose. The financial depression will 
only help us to appreciate economy, and to utilize all the spiritual resources in the 
work at home and abroad, and we praise the Lord! 

The steady growth of giving to the Lord's work as noted among the congre- 
gations, is most commendable. In some respects it is marvelous. Yet many have not 

J™| Annual Report 163 

learned the joy and importance of giving to missions as a stimulant to our faith and 
the work at home. Christianity is most like Christ when it is freed from all selfishness. 
For this reason the interest and support of foreign missions vitalizes the home church, 
as work for the home church alone cannot. Service for others means character within 
ourselves that cannot but growl 


In every line and in almost every field there has been steady progress. The famine 
work in China has opened many doors for service. Some of the evangelists speak of 
thousands hearing the Message of Life. Several hundred were baptized in China and 
many more await further teaching, that they, too, can enter the church. A recent 
letter from India speaks of a church with a thousand members at Vyara. This seems 
quite worth-while, and would indicate that from a numerical standpoint the mission 
churches will soon be passing the membership of the churches at home. 

Of course, these members are not far removed from heathendom, and they will 
need much teaching. But, so far as the simple faith of the claims of Christ are con- 
cerned, they are receiving this more rapidly than perhaps. many are getting it in the 
homeland. For details in progress, the reader is referred to the various station reports. 

That many problems arise is evident. At the present time the governments in both 
China and India are having internal troubles. All of these things create uncertainty and 
are a disadvantage to the work. Yet the missionary work itself is the only antidote for 
this condition. Especially in the Province of Shansi, in China, is the governor turning 
to the missionaries for advice and counsel in the problems of progress. 


The growth of our work in missions is commensurate with our understanding 
of God's will for our lives and our understanding of the world's needs. Through mis- 
sion study a knowledge of those in darkness has come to the church. Each year the 
Board has suggested a new mission study course and has sought to enlist as many as 
possible in this study. This work has grown and the good results are quite in evi- 
dence. A new method, known as the Church Missionary School, which seeks to 
enlist not only a small group, but the whole congregation in mission study, will be 
promoted during the coming year. Most of the churches have rendered special mis- 
sionary programs, and in other ways developed sentiment for the missionary efforts 
of the church. 

The Student Volunteers in our colleges have continued to grow in numbers and 
purpose for the great task. They have been a leavening power in the church, and 
we must commend the work done in the colleges, since so much young life has been 
consecrated to God's service. 


Christian ambassadors in all parts of the world seem to be united in their con- 
clusions that the world can be saved only by Christian America. Outstanding men 
in America, not generally classed with religious leaders, but commercial leaders, and 
those who are religious leaders that think nationally, seem alarmed over the grave 
possibility that America may not be able to save itself. It appears that prophets in 
all walks of life are calling men and women back to God as the only refuge from 
threatening storms, the eternal product of sin. Such conditions ought to stir us to 
do our best. To do this we must have a minimum of discussions, a maximum of work, 
a holiday in criticism and a united advance in all phases of church endeavor. 

To help make America Christian the Board has appropriated more this year to 
District work than ever before. The reports received from District Mission Boards, 
with one or two exceptions, show a healthy growth and an increasing faith to attempt 
greater tasks for Christ this coming year than they have in the past. Many Boards 
are just beginning to realize their responsibility to the lost in their territories. The 

164 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

task is getting bigger than the mere spending of the money that happens to come 
into the treasury. It means the awakening of the people to the tasks in such a way 
that they will respond to the work with money and life. 

Four outstanding and challenging Home Mission projects have been started by 
the Board this year; to them we invite your attention and supporting response. 

First, Summer Work for Students 

Eight or more students who contemplate entering definite Christian service at home 
or abroad have been selected to do pastoral work for the summer at some point where 
there is need of pastoral work and where the members are not able to support a 
pastor. The purpose is not only to help the church, but to give the students the 
experience necessary to the making of successful pastors after they have finished their 
school days. 

Second, Unoccupied Fields 

Near Red Cloud, Nebr., there is a very large rural community in which there is 
neither a Catholic nor a Protestant church, excepting a Brethren church with a very 
limited program. The Board has appropriated a sum of money to aid the few members 
there to secure a pastor to work with them with the aim to reach the folks of that ter- 
ritory and to bring the present weak church to a self-supporting basis. 

Third, Brooklyn Italian Mission 

The District Board of Southeastern Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Eastern 
New York appealed to the Board to assist in the Italian work at Brooklyn by building 
a church. The District will maintain the work. The Board approved the plan and 
decided to ask the Sunday-schools of the Brotherhood to finance the building of this 
much-needed church. 

Fourth, Mountain Work 

In Greene County, Va. — a county which has no railroads, and is fifteen miles from 
one — we have a congregation of 400 members, the children of whom have a very 
limited educational opportunity. To supplement what is being done the Board has 
bought a farm on which it is proposed to conduct an industrial school. The cost 
of the farm was $20,000. A building is now being constructed and will be ready for 
opening this fall. 

To these projects we sincerely invite your hearty support in means and prayer, 
that Christ may be loyally presented in the various fields. 


Annual Report 


The Home-Going of Anna V. Blough 

Chas. D. Bonsack 

/* MONG the sad duties in the office of the General Mission Board is 
/-\ that of reporting to the workers on the field the death of loved ones 

at home. But a sadder one is to receive the news of the death of the 

workers themselves — so many more of us are affected by it. They represent 
all of us — the whole church. We have prayed for them and hold their work on 
our hearts, and we must bow in grief together. 

Sad news of this kind came recently in the following cablegram: "Anna 
Blough died May ninth, typhus." She was one of the faithful workers at the 
Ping Ting Chou station in China. She was the embodiment of sincere de- 
votion to her duties, and possessed a discriminating judgment. During the 
famine, following her return to the field in 1920, she was put in charge of the 
recruiting division of relief work. In this, as in all her work to help the needy, 
she gave splendid service and brought into it the spirit of her Master. 

Anna V. Blough was born Nov. 22, 1885. She was the daughter of Brother 
and Sister U. S. Blough, of Waterloo, Iowa, who survive and mourn her early 
death. She was a graduate of Mount Morris College and a student of Bethany 


! 1 






Bible School. During her service on the field she was supported by the Sun- 
day-schools of her State District. She first went to China in 1913, and returned 
from her first furlough in 1920 in company with Brethren Williams and Yoder. 
While her death is a great loss to the work of missions — since she was 
just coming into that experience which is so essential for efficient service on 
the field — what a precious memory is such a life! Devoted in such a hearty 
way to her Master, and the work he would have her do, how happy she must 
be in meeting her Lord! Who is ready to take up her mantle and finish the 
work so well begun? 

166 The Missionary Visitor J)£ e 


The following comparative statement gives in summarized form essential facts of 
interest on the financial side of our work: 

A Comparative Statement of New Funds Available for Mission Work 


1920-21 1921-22 Increase 

Contributions of living donors, $187,289.83 $216,631.85 $29,342.02 

Bequests, lapsed annuities and miscellaneous credits, 12,046.27 14,840.52 2,794.25 
Net income from investments (after paying an- 
nuities, etc.), 95,153.69 32,096.96 63,056.73* 

$294,489.79 $263,569.33 $ 30,920.46* 

Endowment and annuities, all funds, 81,855.77 22,430.44 59,425.33* 

Special relief, all funds, 142,238.95 27,259.15 114,979.80* 


"Visitor" and Missionary Education, $13,567.16 $ 9,862.22 $ 3,704.94* 

General expenses, 22,594.93 14,405.01 8,189.92* 

India Mission expense, 189,173.78 151,403.63 37,770.15* 

China Mission expense, 126,212.59 45,649.52 80,563.07* 

Sweden Mission expense, 6,576.95 5,969.15 607.80* 

Denmark Mission expense, 5,037.82 3,379.09 1,658.73* 

South China Mission expense, 941.83 586.68 355.15* 

Home Mission expense, 5,349.57 13,038.25 7,688.68 

$369,454.63 $244,293.55 $125,161.08* 

* Decrease. 

Certain peculiar conditions of the past fiscal year are reflected in the foregoing 
comparative statement. Normally no great change in figures between any two years 
should be expected. It is for this reason that the following explanation of several 
items is given: 

As to " Net income from investments," the amount shown for the past year 
is more nearly normal, for in the previous year there was turned over for mission 
purposes about $60,000 of accumulated earnings of the Brethren Publishing House. 

Funds received for endowment and annuity purposes show a* decided shrinkage, 
no doubt largely due to the financial conditions of the past year. 

The amount received for relief purposes is only small in comparison with the 
previous year, in which a remarkably large sum was raised for famine relief in our 
own China Mission territory. 

The fortunate decrease in cost of publications is largely due to reduction in 
printing costs, especially of paper. 

General expenses in the previous year were about $6,000 higher than ordinarily 
for the amount needed to send the deputation abroad, and the expenses of the past 
year show about $2,000 lower than ordinarily because of the sum refunded as unused 
by the foreign deputation, effecting a reduction in the net expenses shown for the year. 

Foreign mission work was curtailed with regard especially to the building pro- 
gram,, which accounts largely for the decreases in expenditures. However, a great 
saving was made in more favorable exchange rates. For instance, in 1920 for each $100 
in U. S. currency we could buy on the average only $116 in Mexican currency for 
use in China ($200 Mex. is normal), whereas in 1921 we could buy $197 Mex. Like- 
wise, in 1920, for each $100 in U. S. currency we could buy on the average only 241 
rupees for use in India (300 rupees is normal), whereas in 1921 we could buy 369 


California — 

Breneman, I. and O., Bro. John I. Kaylor in India. 

Covina Missionary Class, Delbert Vaniman (son of Ernest D. Vaniman) in 

La Verne congregation and Sunday-school, Brother and Sister Ernest D. Vaniman, 

China, and Brother and Sister Lynn A. Blickenstaff, India. 

Canada — 

Bow Valley congregation, Bro. Fred M. Hollenberg, India. 

J™* Annual Report 167 

Idaho — . 

Nezperce congregation, Dr. D. L. Horning, China. 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Anetta C. Mow, 

Illinois — 

Blickenstaff, Noah and wife, Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India. 

Butterbaugh family, two-third support of Bro. A. G. Butterbaugh, India. 

Cerro Gordo Sunday-school, Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India. 

Decatur Sunday-school, Primary Department, one-half support of lone Butter- 
baugh (daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 

Franklin Grove congregation, Sister Bertha L. Butterbaugh, India. 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society, Bro. D. J. Lichty, India. 

Mt. Morris Sunday-school, Sister Sadie J. Miller, India. 

Northern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Garner, India. 

Oakley congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden. 

Okaw congregation, Bro. J. E. Wagoner, India. 

Southern Illinois Sunday-schools, Sister Eliza B. Miller, India. 

Virden Sisters' Aid Society, one-half support of Leah Ruth Ebey (daughter of Adam 
Ebey), India. 

Virden and Girard Sunday-schools, Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India. 

Virden congregation, Bro. Chalmer G. Shull, India. 

Indiana — 

Buck Creek congregation and Sunday-school, Sister Nettie L. Brown, India. 

Locust Grove Sunday-school, Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India. 

Manchester College Sunday-school, Sister Laura J. Shock, China. 

Manchester Sunday-school, Sister Alice K. Ebey, India. 

Mexico congregation, Sister Lillian Grisso, India. 

Middle Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. Adam Ebey, India. 

Northern Indiana Sunday-schools, Sister Mary Stover, India; Sisters Minerva 

Metzger and Mary SchaefTer, China. 
Pine Creek congregation, Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China. 
Pipe Creek congregation, Sister Anna M. Forney, India. 
Pyrmont Sunday-school, Bro. Moy Gwong, South China. 
Southern Indiana Sunday-schools, Bro. W. J. Heisey, China. 
Walnut Sunday-school, Bro. Andrew Hoffert, India. 

Iowa — 

Cedar Rapids Sunday-school, Sister Emma Horning, China. 

Coon River congregation, Sister Elizabeth Arnold, India. 

Dallas Center Sunday-school, one-third support of Sister Anna Hutchison, China. 

Erb, C. H., and wife, Sister Cora Brubaker, China. 

Grundy County congregation, Bro. W. Harlan Smith and family, China. 

Middle Iowa Sunday-schools, Bro. S. Ira Arnold, India. 

Northern Iowa Sunday-schools, Sister Anna V. Blough, China. 

North and South English River Sunday-schools, Sister Nettie M. Senger, China. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, Sister Jennie B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Christian Workers' Society, Bro. A. S. B. Miller, India. 

South Waterloo Sunday-school, " Loyal Helpers' Class," Josephine Miller 

(daughter of A. S. B. Miller), India. 
South Waterloo Sunday-school, Primary Department, Marjorie Miller, (daughter 

of A. S. B. Miller), India. 
Waterloo City Sunday-school, Sister Mary S. Shull, India. 

Kansas — 

Daggett, A. C, Sister Martha D. Horning, China. 
Northeastern Kansas Sunday-schools, Sister Ella Ebbert, India. 
Northwestern Kansas Sunday-schools, Bro. Howard L. Alley, India. 
Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern Colorado Sunday-schools, Bro. Miles 

Blickenstaff, China. 
Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies, Sister Emma H. Eby, India. 
Southwestern Kansas congregations, Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 

Shirkey, G. E., Bro. E. H. Eby, India. 
Yoder, J. D., Sisters Lulu Ullom and Myrtle Pollock, China. 

Maryland — 

Hagerstown Young People's Society, Sister Vida M. Wampler, China. 

168 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Middle Maryland Sunday-schools, Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India. 
Pipe Creek congregation, Bro. W. B. Stover, India. 

Michigan — 

Michigan Sunday-schools, Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China. 

Primary Departments of^ Michigan Sunday-schools, Harold Bowman (son of 
Samuel Bowman), China. 

Missouri — 

Middle Missouri congregations, Sister Jennie M. Mohler, India. 

Nebraska — 

Bethel congregation and Sunday-school, Bro. Raymond C. Flory, China. 
Nebraska Foreign Fund, Sister Josephine Powell, India. 

Nickey and Buckingham families, Dr. Barbara Nickey, India. 

Bethel _ Sunday-school of Salem congregation, Esther Bright (daughter of J. H. 
Bright), China. 

East Nimishillen and Hartville congregations, Sister Anna B. Brumbaugh, India. 

Eversole congregation, Bro. J. H. Bright, China. 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday-schools, Sister Sue R. Heisey, China. 

Greenspring Sunday-school, Leland Brubaker (son of Dr. O. G. Brubaker), China. 

Lick Creek congregation, Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India. 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India. 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday-schools, Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India. 

New Carlisle, West Charleston, Donnells Creek and Springfield congregations, 
Sister Hazel C. Sollenberger, China. 

Painter Creek congregation, Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China. 

Pleasant View Sunday-school, Sister Ellen H. Wagoner, India. 

Salem congregation, Sister Minnie F. Bright, China. 

Southern Ohio Sunday-schools, Bro. J. M. Pittenger, India; Bro. O. C. Sollen- 
berger, China. 

Trotwood congregation, Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China. 

Pennsylvania — 

Altoona, First Sunday-school, Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India. 

Antietam congregation, Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China. 

Baker, Francis, of Everett congregation, Sister Feme H. Coffman, China. 

Brandt, D. E. and family, Sister Erma Blickenstaff, China. 

Chiques congregation, Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden. 

Conestoga congregation, Sister Leah S. Glasmire, Denmark. 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India. 

Elizabethtown congregation, Sister Bessie M. Rider, China. 

Everett congregation, Dr. Carl Coffman, China. 

Harrisburg congregation, Sister Nora R. Hollenberg, India. 

Huntingdon congregation and college, Bro. J. M. Blough, India. 

Mechanicsburg, "Willing Workers' Class" and Christian Workers' Society, Wilma 

June Butterbaugh (daughter of A. G. Butterbaugh), India. 
Midway congregation, Bro. J. F. Graybill, Sweden. 
New Enterprise congregation, Sister Sara G. Replogle, India. 
Peach Blossom (Md.) congregation, two-thirds of support of Sister Anna M. 

Hutchison, China. 
Quemahoning congregation, Bro. Q. A. Holsopple, India. 
Richland congregation, Sister B. Mary Royer, India. 
Seventh Circuit Sunday-schools, Sister Kathren Holsopple, India. 
Shade Creek, Rummel, Scalp Level congregations, Sister Anna Z. Blough, India. 
Spring Creek congregation, one-third support of Bro. Andrew Butterbaugh, India. 
Walnut Grove Sunday-school, Bro. Samuel Bowman, China. 
Waynesboro Sunday-school, Bro. D. L. Forney, India. 
Waynesboro Sunday-school, " Silent Gleaners' Class," Neta R. Holsopple (daughter 

of Q. A. Holsopple), India. 
Western Pennsylvania Sunday-schools, Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, 

India; Sister Grace Clapper, China. 
White Oak congregation, Bro. W. E. Glasmire, Denmark. 
Woodbury congregation, Sister Florence. Pittenger, India. 

J™ e Annual Report 169 

Tennessee — 

Knob Creek congregation, Sister Anna B. Seese, China. 

Virginia — 

Antioch, Bethlehem and Germantown congregations, Bro. I. E. Oberholtzer, China. 

Barren Ridge congregation, Sister Nora Flory, China. 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Bro. A. W. Ross and family, India. 

Bridgewater Sunday-school, Bro. Norman A. Seese, China. 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday-schools, Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China. 

Greenmount and Elk Run congregations, Sister Sara Z. Myers, China. 

Lebanon congregation, Sister Valley V. Miller, China. 

Middle River congregation, Bro. Byron M. Flory, China. 

Moomaw, Leland C, of Roanoke City congregation, Sister Elsie N. Shickel, India. 

Myers Brothers, Bro. Minor M. Myers, China. 

Northern Virginia congregations, Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India. 

Northern Virginia Sunday-schools, Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China. 

Pleasant Valley congregation, Sister Edna R. Flory, Chjna. 

Timberville congregation, Bro. Ernest M. Wampler, China. 

West Virginia — 

Sandy Creek congregation, Sister Mary E. Cline, China. 

170 The Missionary Visitor 




ON January 1 there were 49 missionaries on the field. Early in the year Bro. 
Longs, Bro. Arnolds and Sister Powell left on furlough. April brought to 
us Bro. Blickenstaff and family, who will fill a long-felt need. In August 
Sister Widdowson -returned, and still later in the year Bro. Kaylor and wife, Sister 
Royer and Sister Shickel reached India. Most of our missionaries have been blessed 
with good health during the year. 

The early months of the year were of special interest to us, because of the visit 
of our brethren from America. To have had with us, even for so short a time, those 
from the homeland who entered so sympathetically and so earnestly into the real work 
and problems of the field has been a source of no little strength. We shall not 
forget their messages of inspiration and encouragement. Our joy in the remembrance 
of their stay is clouded only by the thought of the cost of their visit in the death of 
Bro. Williams. 

Another of the pleasant experiences of the year was the visit of Sister Emma 
Horning of China. It was indeed a privilege to compare notes with one from our 
sister mission in China, and we believe her visit was mutually helpful. We only wish 
her stay among us might have been longer. 

Now the records of another year are closed, and with mingled feelings we look- 
back over the work of the last twelve months. Problems and discouragements con- 
tinue with us as in other years, and the mistakes have been many. But with real joy 
and thankfulness we review some of the progress and growth along various lines of 
our mission activity. We have been able to see ' real spiritual hunger manifest in 
the lives of many and have rejoiced in the development of the Christian life in some 
of those with whom and for whom we work. So with hope and a prayer we set our-i 
selves anew to the task of India's redemption. 

Each of the writers in this year's report has endeavored to give you a brief 
resume of the work throughout the mission, along the particular line of mission activity 
covered by his article. As you read may you join with us in the prayer for larger.? 
growth during 1922. 

General Conditions and Progress 
H. P. Garner 

WE all feel to praise the Lord for his loving kindness and abundant tender 
mercies. Many of us feel that the health of our mission family has been above 
the general average. For the number of years that our mission has been open, 
and the number of workers we have had on it, deaths on the field have been compara- 
tively few, and the general health of the workers has been all we could have asked. 
During the past year the Lord has blessed us abundantly with health and strength. 
He has also given us four precious little ones to add to the mission force and train for 
his service. But we are sorry for several of our former colaborers who have had to give 
up the work, owing to health reasons. 

The visit of the deputation the fore part of the year was a great help .to the mis- 
sionary force and a decided inspiration to the Indian Christians. They feel that they 
have come in touch with " the powers that be," and that they will be able to understand 
better the love, sympathy, and support that the home church is giving. And none feel 
the shock of Bro. Williams' death more than they. 

Monsoon rains were abundant in our field, and crops generally were good, and 
yet in some sections of India famine was severe. The government opened up many 
relief camps in the Poona, Ahmadnagar, Arungabad and other Deccan districts. 

Political unrest, concerning which you have read and hear so much, is true in 

Jv£ 2 e Annual Report 171 

a measure, and yet is wonderfully exaggerated. In our immediate field we have had no 
uprising, although there is considerable agitation in both Surat and Broach Districts. 
The worst conditions have existed in South India, Malabar District. Just a short 
paragraph from a relief work report will give you a little idea: 

" Manjeri, Malabar. No regular camp is opened here, but accommodation is given 
in vacant houses. We are not giving any relief except rice, and that only to women 
and children. The military is employing some men coolies. The sick are attended by the 
assistant surgeon. Cholera patients are admitted into the isolation hut of the hos- 
pital. No men refugees are fed in this camp. The total number of births were thirty- 
two, and the deaths twenty-seven. The number of heads of families killed is 'sixteen, 
and wounded four. The number of forced converts (from Hinduism to Mohammedism), 
146. The refugees do coolie work, putting up fence, thatching damaged roofs, build- 
ing of walls, etc. The average daily expenditure per head is six pie (one cent)." 

While the agitation that is on is supposed to be passive non-cooperation, yet it 
is exceedingly active in some parts. Just today (Feb. 10, 1922) we read in the daily 
paper of twenty-two policemen brutally killed with clubs, stones and sticks, and their 
bodies roasted after being saturated with kerosene. This was done by " volunteers " 
from Gandhi's N. C. O. movement. (Hereafter in the article N. C. O. indicates Non-Co- 

The British Government has been ruling India for nearly three-fourths of a cen- 
tury, but they have not been blind to the ability of worthy Indian leaders, and have 
given them an opportunity to assist in governing their people. During December, 
1919, the "Reform Bill" was passed and put into effect immediately in 1920. Through 
these reforms the people of India are given a representative body in the legislative 
councils. Several entire departments have been given into their hands. Yet some 
radicals feel that this was only a "bluff" and that India should have swaraj (self- 
government) at once. Mr. Gandhi set about to get it through N. C. O. in one year. 
The time has more than elapsed and he admits that India is not yet ready. 

It appeals to the writer that the big problem of India is not political but economical. 
India is a land of small villages, composed of the cultivator. And the village people 
are the most important. In India there are 700,000 of these villages. In these villages 
will be found the poorest of the poor. Poverty is not due to poor soil, or the dilatory 
nature of the people, or their inability to produce, but is due mainly to the custom of 
expensive feasts, weddings, and funerals, and the excessive rates at which the money 
lender lends money. In India a man's debts are really his credits, as he feels that the 
size of his debts shows the extent to which people trust him. 

The temperance movement is making great strides. " Pussyfoot " Johnson made 
a tour through India, explaining American conditions and methods. The W. C. T. U. 
is the most active temperance organization, with Miss Mary J. Campbell as national 
organizer, and the N. C. O. movement has been using it as a handle for their work. 
Our own mission has been one of the leading missions in this work. Lately govern- 
ment is changing its attitude, and only a few days ago the Bombay government of- 
ficials met a committee in Poona, composed of municipal representatives, with results 
as follows: It was decided unanimously to advise government to close all liquor shops 
in the cantonment. It was further resolved to close four or eight shops in Poona City, 
and that the four remaining shops be open only from 4 to 7: 30 P. M. and closed on 

As ministers of reconciliation it is our duty to rejoice at every sign and proof of 
increasing unity between India's various communities. It is clear, however, that the 
hour is yet very far off and Mr. Gandhi, at a recent congress, pointed out that Hindu- 
Moslem unity was far from being realized. While this is true, there are movements 
on foot to get rid of untouchability and caste prejudice. India is thinking today as 
never before, which is a very hopeful sign. 

172 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

The educational problem of India is a live one. And circumstances at the present 
time seem to call for a statement concerning the. conception which missionaries enter- 
tain about educational work and their reasons for engaging in it. It is common knowl- 
edge that during the past one hundred years Christian missions have been pioneers in 
higher education, education for women, industrial education, and village education. 
Many institutions owe their existence to some missionary or missionary society. From 
these have developed schools of every grade by many societies and individuals and 
government. The Hindu people themselves have wakened to the fact that Christian 
missions, through their schools, are transforming India. And Mr. G. B. Vadya, founder 
of the Hindu Missionary Society, just before his death made the following statement: 
" The Christian missionary prays, educates, heals, nurses, and feeds in order that India 
may become Christian. Hindus would do well to remember the real object of the 
Christian missionary. It is to Christianize India. Therefore, if they desire to avoid 
the. results the}' should own their own schools and colleges and never send their chil- 
dren to Christian schools. Especially the girls, for if the girls become Christian they 
will be so many Christian mothers, and a Christian mother usually means a Christian 
home and children." 

While the N. C. O. movement is going on in political circles, there is another move- 
ment, of an entirely opposite nature, going on in religious circles. It is cooperation 
or union of all Christians in India into an Indian Christian church. Many missionaries, 
as well as Indian leaders, feel that the church is too much Western in practice and does 
not take into consideration enough the local experiences and nature of the people. 
Among the nearly two millions of Indian Protestant Christians there must be a con- 
siderable number whose religious experience has been quite definite, yet the fact that 
conversion — conviction, and real repentance and restitution — as a definite phenomenon 
of Christian experience is seldom seen in India, needs to be thought about most serious- 

You ask what progress has been made. The two millions of Christians (Protestant) 
are. each a living testimony to the progress Christianity has made. The thousands 
of non-Brahman people who voted for support of the Christian schools when given an 
opportunity, are another great cloud of witnesses to the benefits derived through Chris- 
tian education. Christian homes and institutions of all kinds, medical, educational, 
industrial, theological, church and Sunday-schools, the temperance and social move- 
ments and financial aid societies, each stands out as a living witness for Christ. These 
which are trying to bring Christ to India are the things that have, turned India upside 
down. Many feel that the time is here when Christian missions should strike at the 
very soul of India (Brahmanism), as there seems to be an opening up. What some of 
the keenest of the Hindu minds are thinking can best be stated from a short clipping 
from a Madras paper as follows: 

" Weary are we of empty creeds, 
Of deafening calls to fruitless deeds; 
Weary of priests who cannot pray, 
Of guides who show no man the way : 
Weary of rites wise men condemn, 
Of worship linked with lust and shame ; 
Weary of custom, blind, enthroned, 
Of conscience trampled, God disowned; 
Weary of men in sections cleft, 
Hindu life of love bereft ; 
Woman debased, no more a queen, 
Nor knowing what once she hath been ; 
Weary of babbling about birth, 
And of the mockery men call mirth ; 
Weary of life not understood, 
A battle, not a brotherhood; 
Weary of Kali Yuga years, 

J™ e Annual Report 173 

Frighted with chaos, darkness, fears; 

Life is an ill, the sea of births is wide, 

And we are weary; who shall be our guide?" 

" I am the way, the truth, and the life." — Christ. 

Evangelism Among Men 
D. J. Lichty 

WHATEVER results, visible or invisible, have come from the past year's work, 
are due largely to the efforts of our Indian workers. Could more of us mis- 
sionaries have been free to direct and inspire their efforts, they doubtless would 
have accomplished a great deal more. Of necessity, some of us were engaged too much 
with the equipment and the machinery of the mission to be able to enter extensively 
in the. blessed work of evangelism. Our fine lot of new missionaries were involved 
mostly in the study of the vernacular, while furloughs in the homeland claimed several 
of our most able and experienced evangelists. A number of us, however, were able 
to devote several months of the year to village work, while all of us found opportunity 
for private interviews and the distribution of the printed page. 

It is interesting to observe that, so far as we foreigners are concerned, we do most 
of our work in large audiences of the village people. Among the educated and cultured 
classes we find our Nicodemuses and Zaccheuses, who reveal their hearts best in private 
conversation. The Lord only knows how many there are of this sort in India. We find 
them as we travel on the railways, in public office, among business men, and frequently 
among the Sadhus and other religious men of the country. The greatest political 
leader of India, Mr. Gandhi himself, has declared his admiration for our Christ. 

Occasionally the missionary is invited by the so-called respectable classes to lecture 
on religious subjects. Such opportunities should never be neglected, provided he, by 
God's help, is able to face his audience fearlessly with consecrated intelligence plus 
consummate tact and skill. Not long ago the people of Bulsar had the opportunity 
of hearing the gospel message from Dr. Stanley Jones, of the M. E. Mission, one 
of the ablest missionary evangelists of all India. While there were no immediate 
confessions of faith, his work did remove mountains of prejudice and suspicion, and 
doubtless the prestige of Christ's kingdom has been enhanced. A goodly number of 
Parsees, Mohammedans and Hindus promised to read the Gospel, and that phase of 
the work is being followed up by our Bulsar missionaries and workers. 

From the statistical report it will be noted that our evangelistic work has been 
most fruitful in the Vyara, Rajpipla, and Anklesvar districts. This has been true now 
for some years, but it is most encouraging to be able to report that two of our most 
difficult fields are beginning to produce results. In Jalalpor Taluka we had successful 
schools among the fishermen for about twenty years, but apparently the good seed 
had been falling on stony ground until recently, when several of their best young men 
had the courage to step out for Christ. Prospects for a rich harvest from this peopLe 
never were brighter. Through the influence of the Wankel Boarding School in Bulsar 
Taluka, some promising young men of that section have been converted. While we 
have a large church at Bulsar, its membership consists mostly of people who have 
come in from other districts and from our orphanages and boarding schools, and not 
from the indigenous population. Indications are that this condition will be altered 
within a very few years. Most difficult of all have been parts of our Marathi field. 
Socially the people are so related to each other, and economically so circumstanced, 
that it is difficult to persuade either the rich landlords or their serfs to see that a 
Christian relationship between them would be mutually advantageous. But even in 
this field Christ will win if we faint not. 

The following quotation from a letter of one of our missionaries is representative 
of the manner in which the work has been carried on in whole or in part from most of 
our mission stations: 

174 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

" This work is carried on by twenty men workers in the villages, who, beside 
teaching school, hold prayers in the evenings and make an endeavor to reach the men 
along with others. They also visit among them and hold Sunday meetings. Then there 
are three, supervisors who travel from village to village and do work among all classes, 
but especially the men and children. 

" At ' our ' station there were two groups of men and boys who went out on Sunday 
evenings to the near-by villages and held meetings where men, women and children 

" During the early part of the year the missionaries went on short trips and held 
village meetings — .evangelistic and temperance. This continued till the rains. 

" From the middle of November till the end of the year we were out in the tent 
and held nightly meetings, with good attendance, We were at five places with the tent 
and held about thirty meetings in ten different villages. This work was encouraging, 
but not confined to men. However, our visiting in the daytime was largely among 
men. We put our main effort in hunting up and encouraging our Christians, for they 
are desperately in need. We also spent some time with others, but mainly with Chris- 
tians, some of whom have grown cold." 

There is nothing which inspires the missionary and affords him so much joy as 
close contact with the people and to declare to them the " good news." The below- 
named missionaries are therefore to be congratulated, because more than others they 
were able to engage in this work: Bro. Bloughs and Sister Widdowson at Vyara, 
Sister Sadie J. Miller at Umalla, Bro. Hoffert and Sister Ziegler in Anklesvar district, 
and Bro. E. H. Eby and family in Bulsar Taluka. . The writer, too, was able to be in 
the field for about two months early in the year. When accompanied by men workers 
our sisters are often able to do good work among the men in the villages. However, 
the ideal is for women to work among women and men among men. 

Only one of our missionaries reports any oppositioin to his work by the home 
rulers. It has been the experience of most of us that we never were treated in a 
friendlier spirit by the people of India than at the present time, nor have we ever been 
heard with greater respect. All who follow Mr. Gandhi as their political leader are 
bound to become more liberal in their views, and in common with our cause he is 
strenuously advocating the abolishing of caste from Indian society. India is waking up, 
intellectually and politically, and at this critical time in her history there is no reason 
why she should not be revived spiritually if we preach Christ to her millions in the 
spirit of our Master and with the zeal of a Paul and a Peter. 

Ahwa, Jan. 31. 

Evangelism Among Women 

Olive Widdowson 

THIS is a live subject among missions in India. I would like to study with 
you the subject as it has to do with the evangelism of the women in our 
section of the country. The first step in the solution of the problem is to 
know the women and their environment. 

We have be.en frequently told that India's numerous millions live mostly in 
the villages. So we expect this study for the most part to be that of the village 
women. And more especially is it true in our section, for we have very little work 
in any of the large towns in our territory. Many of these village women are not only 
illiterate, but often speak a dialect and do not understand the language of their section 
when it is spoken correctly. Such a woman rarely if ever comes in touch with literate 
women. Why should she not believe in idols? True, her husband may be. called a 
Christian. He may have his name on the church roll, but in many cases, he as well 
as she, knows that he is depending on the gods she worships as much as on the one he 


Annual Report 


says he worships. That is, he is taking chances on idols and on the Christian's God. 
His Christianity is not strong and pure enough to have any effect upon her. Some- 
times she has found that when, with the. approval of her husband, she has used sacred 
herbs, powders, and charms, and has called the holy man to repeat mantras (sayings) 

Anklesvar Village Women Whose Husbands Are Christians. The Woman at the Left Is a Christian 

supposed to have healing power, the sick have recovered. She has not had the courage 
to try the foreigner's medicines if advised to do so. Can one wonder that ofttimes 
when such a woman is approached with the glad tidings she seems the personification 
of indifference and lack of interest? 

This is the darker side of the problem. In all of the villages one finds women 
who, in spite of their environment, have been able to do more than exist. They 
have, come in touch with people of other villages. They have gone to their nearest 
large village for selling and buying, or to the weekly bazaars, and thus they are rub- 
bing off the dense ignorance which surrounds their lives. These women meet you with 
their curiosity aroused, anxious to learn something new. They listen eagerly to 
the Bible story, ask questions and answer your questions in a knowing way. Some 
of these women's husbands are Christians, and although they will tell you quickly 
that they are not Christians, yet they say there is only one God and that the idols 
cannot help them. They are attending Christian meetings and are open to Christian 
influences. They have not yet discarded the harmful, superstitious practices of their 
people, but they have turned in the right direction for help. 

How are we to help them free themselves from their sinful customs and know 
the One who can keep them free? We Westerners would like to have them in daily 
classes and give them systematic, continuous instruction. But from those who have 
tried this method you get an almost unanimous reply, " I cannot make it go." When 
one woman is ready, another is not. One day one can come at a certain time; the next 
day she cannot come at that time, or thinks she cannot, which amounts to the same 
thing. If all concerned had a mind to do so I think it could be done. Kipling's 
poem on, " Hustling the East " might help us to understand why some things that 
look so easy are in practice not so. We must take the village woman where we find 
her and give help in a way in which she can receive it. After becoming acquainted 

176 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

with the village you will know about when to find the women in from the fields, 
and accompanied by the Bible woman you can take your picture roll, or something 
which will help fix their attention on the Bible story, and you will always get hearers 
by going from house to house. Sometimes you will start with one or two uninterested 
women, and before the end of the story you will have a crowd of women and children, 
and often men, too, listening eagerly to the story and when one is finished they are 
anxious for more. By making these house-to-house visits we. make friends of these 
women, get them interested in our message, and 'they come into our night meetings, 
where they hear more Bible stories. Also we often find in the homes sick people 
whom we were able to help. In many of the homes the children of the village schools 
or boarding schools have prepared a cordial welcome for you. The parents proudly 
say, " My boy is in the boarding," or " Yes, my girl is in the boarding." 

This daily work of the missionary and the Bible woman in the villages can be done 
in the cool season only. For the rest of the, year the daily work is in the hands of 
the teachers' wives, supervised by the missionary evangelist. One of the greatest 
hindrances to this work is the lack of preparation for it of many of these, women. 
Some of the teachers marry women who are without any training, and we feel that 
in the face of the great need of teachers in the villages these teachers must be 
used in the work. But their wives are scarcely able to do anything for the women, who 
so much need a trained, sympathetic woman's help. Special courses have been formu- 
lated for these women, and every opportunity is used to help them get ready for the 
work they should be doing. Where we have trained Bible women (teachers' wives) 
they are teaching sewing, giving suggestions in home-making, cleanliness, and help- 
ing out with simple remedies for the sick. 

There is one phase of work we feel we must give more time to, and 
that is, holding institutes and conferences for the teachers and people in the 
villages. A special feature of these institutes is the giving of practical illustrations 
by means of pictures, charts and other illustrative material in telling a Bible story 
well, home-making, cleanliness, hygiene, temperance, etc. In this way we can help the 
teachers and interest many who need help along these lines, and will give them something 
in place of their holidays, which are celebrated for the most part in a way in which 
Christians cannot take part. 

It gives one real joy, to be able to help the most needy of India's needy ones. 
As yet the conversions from among these women are few, as compared with those 
among the men. But we have reason to hope that with more trained women and the 
leavening influences that are at work, there are more encouraging days in store for 
the evangelist among Indian women. 

Evangelism Among Children 
Ida C. Shumaker 

AS a teacher of little children for many years, more and more has come, the 
consciousness that " he who helps a child helps humanity with an immediate- 
ness which no other help given to human creature in any other stage, of human 
life can possibly ever give again " (Phillips Brooks). 

It is not enough to help the child find our Heavenly Father. We must help to 
create, in him a desire to love God and love the good — for these unmistakable signs 
of hunger and interest, seen in these children, indicate a vital longing that should 
be satisfied — indicate not alone specific needs, but an instinctive groping after One 
who shall satisfy these needs. As Jesus turned from the crowds to cultivate the 
friendship of the children, so should we; always keeping in mind that "the guiding 
star to our goal is the little child's love." 

It hath been said, " What we hear we believe, but what we see, we know." Now 
come with me to our own mission field — " the garden spot in India " — and note the 


Annual Report 


great procession of just the children — in our field alone. Here they come — four 
hundred thousand strong — India's little ones — dear, sunny, merry, loving, dreamy- 
eyed, bright-eyed, brimming over with fun and mischief, yet laughing their way into 
our hearts; and the miserably poor, wretched, blind, crippled, diseased, filthy, those 

clothed in nature's garb, hungry-eyed, underfed, opium-fed, liquor-fed 

As we look at this vast throng we are made to feel more and more that the 

Sister Shumaker Teaching a Class Seated Under a Tree 

hope, of India lies in her children, and that all of these belong to our Heavenly 
Father and we must lead them to him — but how? 

True, we are reaching many of them through the efforts put forth in our board- 
ing and village schools; by special Bible teaching in the homes and in the follow-up 
work in the hospitals; in the church and Sunday-schools; in the. young people's meet- 
ings; by special evangelistic work among the children; by special children's meetings; 
by the work done through the children's temperance organizations known as the 
Loyal Temperance Legion and the Blue Ribbon Army. 

During the past four months it has been my privilege to travel over ten hundred 
and fifteen miles in our Gujerat field — mostly by " village motor " (a two-wheeled 
conveyance, drawn by two faithful oxen), and teach eighty-two classes in the sixty- 
five schools visited in which special classes were 4,577 children — big and little. Even 
though most of these children live in the jungle, when we went to them we found 
them to be exceedingly bright and intelligent, for the greater part — so apt to learn 
and so responsive. Their response was not alone intellectual but spiritual — that 
which shows itself in feeling and conduct. Of some of them we could say, " And 
these are they which were sown upon the good ground, such as hear the Word, and 
accept it and bear fruit" (words of Jesus). 

As we traveled from village to village, from school to school, even " away out 
in the dense jungle," we found children — children everywhere — but not many in the 
schools comparatively speaking, for those who are large enough are herding cattle 
or watching their crops in the fields, or looking after the smaller children while their 
parents are at work. We often had to wait until late in the evening before, we could 
have our children's meeting, which condition accounts for the various night schools 
we have in many of our villages. 

It was so pleasing to come into a village school and find the. children singing 
Christian hymns, reciting Bible verses and even whole chapters from the Bible, and 


The Missionary Visitor 



telling Bible stories, etc. This is always true wherever we find a good Christian 
family in the village. They also conduct daily prayers and Bible reading for the villagers. 
As soon as you come into one of these villages, you can tell what kind of a teacher 
lives there by the attitude of the villagers. The greatest need in our villages is a 
thoroughly good and consecrated Christian family who live the Christ life daily 
before the people. Where this condition exists, the problem of children's evangelism 
in the villages is practically solved. 

Ida Shumaker Departing From a Village 

When a teacher is conscious of this fact, " Up to me sweet childhood looketh," 
he will be brought to his knees and be made to cry out in agony, " O God, I am not 
worthy to be a teacher of little children; make me more worthy!" He will then be up 
and doing all in his power to fit himself to become more worthy to be a teacher of 
children. He will also learn that " my teachers are the children " (Froebel). 

What a flood of feeling swept over me, and how I trembled as I stood before 
these beautiful, brown-eyed, bright-faced little ones of India, as they looked up into 
my face, and as I stood at the entrance of this great, wide, open door of opportunity 
to serve these little ones of India — as many as can be reached by actual contact with 
them, and with parents and teachers in conference, and through the medium of the 

Yes, we are reaching some, but about how many of this vast army of children — 
four hundred thousand strong — in our field alone? About two hundred thousand are 
of school age and should be in school. Note the statistics, and find how many are 
enrolled in the various institutions. Double this number and get an estimate of 
how many are reached indirectly by our mission schools, or multiply by five and you 
will have the estimate of those reached by special evangelistic campaign. Now, what 
about the rest of these children who are just as precious in God's sight as are your 
own children? Who is responsible for the evangelism of these little ones? 

. Church and Sunday- School Activities 

Alice K. Ebey 

OUR mission field has been divided into two church Districts. The First District 
of India includes all the churches and mission stations in the northern portion 
of our field where the Gujarati language is spoken. It is usually referred to as 
our Gujarati District among ourselves and our Indian Christians. 

J™! Annual Report 179 

There are six fully-organized churches in this District and a number of units 
of village Christians under the care and instruction of Christian teachers. There are 
a number of deacons and five ministers who have been called to their office by the 
church. These ministers do considerable preaching and baptizing, as well as bearing 
much of the responsibility in other church affairs. None have been placed in full 
pastoral charge, but we hope they may serve the church in this way in the near 
future. Each of these six organized churches has the personal oversight and care of 
one or more missionary elders. 

The twentieth District Meeting of this District was held at Vali in March. 
Hitherto all missionaries who have been on the field more than two years served 
as delegates, according to the privilege granted by the General Conference several 
years ago. But since missionary delegates outnumbered the delegates from the 
churches, the missionaries decided to forego this privilege and let the voting power 
rest wholly in the hands of the Indian delegates. It is by assuming responsibility 
that the Indian church learns to bear responsibility. The Indian church must move on 
towards the goal of self-government, self-support and self-propagation, else our 
missionary work is a failure. 

The Home Mission Board of this First District opened work among the Bhils, 
some distance southeast of Anklesvar, at Rudha. An Indian evangelist and his wife 
have charge of the evangelistic work and a small, but growing boarding school. There 
have been some baptisms and other gratifying results during the past year. 

The six churches of this District bear all expenses. The gifts for this purpose 
are brought in by the different churches at District Meeting time. A keen interest 
is shown in the report of these gifts from the various churches. It is all given by 
members who would be counted among the poor in America. Much self-denial is 
exercised. Fast days, or the giving up of tea for a time, or of one of the daily meals, 
enables the givers to add to the Lord's treasury to carry on his work. 

A mission board, consisting of four Indian members and one missionary, has charge 
of this work and the funds donated for the work. A full report of funds, receipts 
and expense, as well as an account of the work done, is read at each District Meeting 
by the secretary and treasurer, and published in our Gujarati paper, the Prakash 
Patra, so that the churches may be kept fully informed in regard to the work. 

The Second District includes the four mission stations — Ahwa, Dahanu, Palghar 
and Vada — where the Marathi language is spoken. This District was organized in 
1920 and includes three organized churches. The membership is much smaller than 
that of the Gujarati District, but each year shows growth. 

There are six regularly installed deacons and two ministers. One of these 
ministers has been stricken with leprosy. About ten months ago our own mission 
doctor discovered the malady in its incipient stage, and at once arranged to send him 
to the leper asylum at Miraj, where he has been under the care of the famous Dr. 
Wanless. The churches have been praying that he may be healed from this terrible 
malady, which has always been reckoned incurable. The latest reports say he is 
improving rapidly, and hopes are entertained for his full recovery. 

The second meeting of the Marathi District was held at Dahanu last February. 
It was one of special interest and inspiration. A Home Mission Board, similar to 
the one organized in the Gujarati District, was chosen. During the year the Mission 
Board members have been investigating favorable places to open work, which will be 
carried on with Indian means and under Indian supervision for the further spread 
of the Gospel among Indians. 

The visit of our Mission Board members among all our churches, and their presence 
at both our District Meetings proved most helpful and inspiring. The Indian churches 
have been strengthened in the faith and inspired to greater zeal by their counsel and 
encouragement. Perhaps nothing has so deeply stirred the hearts of our Indian 

180 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Christians as the death of our dearly loved secretary, Bro. Williams. The. Indian 
churches have decided to erect a Williams Memorial Building in connection with 
the new institution of learning at Anklcsvar. This movement is to be carried on 
for five years, and all funds for this building are to be gifts from the Indian 
churches. One of our most poverty-stricken churches, whose membership is not 
large, gave, during this year a hundred dollars for this purpose. 

The statistical figures are not at hand, but the table following will indicate the 
number of additions during the year and the total membership. Vyara leads in 
membership, numbering about one thousand, and Anklesvar follows with almost 
as many. But many of these village Christians have made only the barest start in 
the Christian life. Remember, that it requires energy, time and much patience to 
hunt out all these scattered Christians and build them up in the faith. Christian 
teachers have been placed in many of these centers to teach and strengthen these 
raw converts. Itinerating missionaries, too, give themselves largely to this work. 
A number of love feasts have been held in farther villages where the. people cannot 
well come in to the mission station. 

Our mission stands well toward the front in Sunday-school work. In all our 
main stations there are fully organized evergreen Sunday-schools. Most of these 
main schools hold a weekly teachers' meeting during the year. A number of teachers' 
training classes were organized. A three, years' course has been arranged by the 
India Sunday-school Union and several classes have taken the examinations. Our 
Indian teachers have had little opportunity to qualify themselves for this important 
work. They need Bible knowledge, personal spiritual experience and training in 
methods of teaching. 

Our mission has prepared and published the Sunday-school Quarterly for all 
the missions in Gujarat. Sister Eliza B. Miller has edited this quarterly during the 
past year. The Notes and Hints for Teachers, which have been prepared by a mem- 
ber of our mission, are also published in Marathi by the Bombay Tract and Book 

In most of our leading schools the primary department has its separate organiza- 
tion. Most of these use the graded course prepared by the India Sunday-school Union. 
Some Indian teachers have shown considerable ability in teaching children. The 
India Sunday-school Union offers annual examination in this graded course, as well 
as in the international course. The majority of the scholars in our main schools and 
a number in village schools passed these examinations successfully. Three silver 
med.als were awarded to children in our mission. The silver medal is offered to the 
one receiving highest marks in his department in each language area. 

On the whole, we, feel .gratified over the progress in our Sunday-schools at the 
main stations. The work in the village Sunday-schools is less gratifying. Yet in 
these crude schools, gathered together, managed and taught by one untrained Christian 
teacher, God's Word is sown in the hearts of those who have always lived in the dark- 
ness of ignorance and superstition. 

We thank God for all that has been accomplished in spite of many drawbacks, 
and by his grace and through his power we will go forward until every soul in 
India shall be taught his Word of salvation. 

Boarding Schools in India 

Q. A. Holsopple 

DURING the year the District Mission Board of the First District of India 
opened a boarding school at Rudha, in Rajpipla State. This is the eighth board- 
ing school for boys in our India mission field. The other seven, named in 
the order of opening, are, at the following places: Bulsar, Vyara, Vali, Wankel, Ahw3, 



Annual Report 


Dahanu and Vada. The Vali boarding was originally located at Anklesvar, but was 
transferred to the present location in 1917. 

Every one of the seven schools, except Ahwa, reports a growth in number during 
the year. The fact that the year was, as a whole, favored with fair crops, and the 
people are not so hard pressed financially as the preceding year, indicates a healthy 
growth. Vali and Vyara both report having to refuse admittance, since the buildings 
are taxed to the. limit. Wankel has room for one more pupil. Evidently the time 
has come when the mission can exercise more care in admitting only those who will 
be most able to profit by the help which the boarding schools are intended to give. 

Three of the schools report good health conditions, without any qualifications, 
while two others report that fair health continued throughout the year. Influenza 
visited the schools at Ahwa and at Dahanu, and at the latter place two deaths oc- 
curred, due to that disease. The other schools were, with few exceptions, not called 
upon by the grim visitor. 

All of the schools have accepted children into the boarding department who have 
not had any previous school experience. Then, too, the local demands in the corn- 

Boys in the Mission School. 

From Such as These Come the Future Leaders 
of India 

munity where the school is situated make it necessary to begin the training at the 
very foundation. Hence there is kindergarten and primary work offered at each of 
the schools. At Bulsar the work is carried to the close of the seventh standard, when 
the pupils are prepared for the vernacular final examination, passing which they are 
given certificates as qualified for teaching positions. At the schools at Vali, Vyara 
and Wankel the work is carried to the close of the sixth standard. At Ahwa there 
are pupils in the. fifth, at Vada to the fourth, and at Dahanu up to the third standard. 
This is the first year of the boarding-school work at Rudha, and there are pupils 
in second standard at that school. Naturally the larger classes are those of the lower 
standards. But yearly it is noticed that the number of pupils in the higher standards 
increase. , 

There are some day pupils attending each of the schools in connection with the 
boardings. There is quite a difference in the proportion of the pupils who are not 
in boarding. The largest number of nonboarders are at Bulsar, where something less 
than fifty per cent are from the community. The other schools rank in the follow- 
ing order: Ahwa, Wankel, Dahanu, Rudha, Vali and Vyara. At the last-named school 
98y 2 per cent of the pupils are in the boarding. It is hoped that as time passes there 
may be a larger portion of the pupils at each of these schools who are not resident 
in the boarding department. Since the semi-famine conditions of 1918, and the high 

182 The Missionary Visitor {™* 

cost of living which has continued since the second year of the Great War, very 
little income has been realized in the form of fees. Mission workers who have children 
in their homes are granted child allowances, of rupees two per month until eight 
years of age, and rupees four per month for those more than eight years of age. 
If these children are put into the boarding school this allowance is deducted from the 
parents' support. 

The question may arise in the reader's mind as to whether these schools are 
successful as evangelizing agencies. It can be safely stated that they are successful, 
and it is certain that pupils who become Christian among these surroundings have an 
opportunity to receive Christian training in a way that will remain with them through- 
out their entire lifetime. All the schools except the new one at Rudha report bap- 
tisms. Those schools which reported the number baptized are as follows: Ahwa, four; 
Dahanu, five; Vali, twenty-six; and Vyara, twenty-three. Bulsar, Wankel and Vada 
reported baptisms, but did not state the number. At Vali all have been baptized who 
are old enough, or who have been sufficiently taught. 

The boarding-school work for boys represents considerable expenditure. None 
of the schools receive the full time of any missionary, which perhaps is not as it 
should be. Some of the most capable of the Indian staff of workers are engaged in 
this work. More money is asked for this line of work than for any other, with the 
exception of evangelistic and general station expense. When one directs his attention 
towards the returns in the form of developing manhood he is compelled to admit that it 
is a profitable expenditure. The time is coming when the output of these schools will be 
large, and not all will be taken on as mission workers, teachers, evangelists, etc. The 
mission will then be in position to select those who are most qualified, by nature, 
by training and disposition, to become workers under mission employ. The others 
will take up various lines of industry, and help to raise the standard of the vocation 
which they may pursue. And as educated Christians they will help materially in 
establishing that self-supporting, self-propagating church which we long to see de- 
velop in India. May God speed that day! 

Umalla, via Anklesvar, Jan. 27. 

Boarding School Industries 

A. W. Ross 

IN our mission are seven boarding schools for boys, beside Rudha, under the 
District Mission Board, four of them being in Gujarat and three in the Marathi 
area. The combined enrollment is about five hundred, the large majority being 
in the. schools in Gujarat. The industrial work in the Marathi area schools has not 
yet developed much, partially due to the fact that most of the children are yet small, 
though at Ahwa there are some boys quite large enough for such effort, and something 
is being done for them. The government is asking us to introduce technical training 
into our schools there, even offering us financial assistance, and we hope soon to avail 
ourselves of the opportunity. 

Coming to Gujarat we find our schools at Bulsar, Wankel, fourteen miles from 
Bulsar, Vyara, and Vali, close to Umalla. At the latter place the mission has about 
one hundred and sixty acres of land, most of it being farmed by our Christians there. 
Some fields have been reserved for the boarding school. Crops, such as are common 
to that place, including cotton and rice, are raised, and then besides that there is a 
fine garden which you would enjoy seeing. And those fine, large, luscious tomatoes 
would make your mouth water! Some of the older boys have some individual plots 
which are " their very own," which they prize very highly, and which are indeed a 
credit to them. At this place, they also have carpentry as an industry. One of our 
former ^orphan boys learned carpentry and is now the leader in this work. Carpentry 
and masonry are industries that fit in so well with the farming interests. The 

J™* Annual Report 183 

farmers' busy season is from June to January, and from then on to June is the 
building season, when any one with a bit of skill with tools can get plenty of work 
and good wages. 

At Vyara the mission has some, land for field crops and hay. You would be 
interested to see the boys cutting hay with their hand sickles, or plowing with the 
crude implement, the type which has been used to root through the ground for cen- 
turies. But the mission has gotten a few improved tools and the plow often is in 
use. However, extensive introduction of Western implements has not proven a suc- 
cess in most places. Adaptation to Indian conditions will bring better results, and 
many Indians and leaders are working on this line with some success. The boys 
were accustomed to using oxen when at home and enjoy doing so while in school. 
At this place the mission is endeavoring to secure more land for farm purposes. We 
must keep our boys in touch with farming interests if we want to see. many of them 
return to the villages and there be a power for good. 

At Bulsar we have, in addition to gardening and carpentry, tailoring in which 
are a dozen or more boys, three of them being crippled in the feet and another crippled 
in one hand. One of the boys must crawl across the compound, but there is not a 
happier boy than he around the place, and by the use of a hand machine he will soon 
be able to make his own living. We, are giving leave to the present tailor, hoping 
to get one more efficient, thus widening the scope of this department. 

At Bulsar land is too expensive for us to get fields for extensive farming. How- 
ever, we have a two-acre garden which affords a great deal of hand labor for the small 
boys and some of the larger ones. The. seventh standard boys have individual plots 
which are doing splendidly, and netting the boys some profit. 

One of our boys, whom we sent to Allahabad Agricultural School, has returned 
and now takes charge of the garden, and we hope will run it on a more scientific basis. 
He has class work also for the upper standards on the principles of agriculture,. 

In the carpentry classes are about forty-five boys, four of whom ar.e in the work 
all day, while others are in only a few hours each day, except on vacation days, when 
they are required to give full or three-fourths time, unless excused for other work. 

We do not make, much attempt at what is generally called technical instruction, 
but as soon as the boys have learned to handle tools fairly well we put them to 
making practical articles. One young man who began last June has now advanced 
sufficiently so that he can make many things very well, and could go out on the. 
labor market and earn a good living at the trade and rise in it. A few more months 
under good direction will make him a valuable man. 

Industrial education is much talked of these, days in India. Thoughtful people 
see the danger to India of a purely literary education. The commission on village 
education has done a great good to India by laying stress on this question, and now 
missions are endeavoring to make industries a more vital part of their educational 
system. Missions have carried on many industrial institutions, but they did not relate 
them to the village problem. Further, they gave the students an urban environment, 
and too often the industries were suited only to urban life. 

At Wankel most of our industrial work has been in the garden and fields. This 
year some land was rented for hay, millet and rice. When hay-cutting time came, 
twenty-five of the large boys from Bulsar were sent there to work with the Wankel 
boys. This was a great week for them. This brought together the boys of four 
institutions, for Vali, Vyara, and Wankel send their seventh standard boys to Bulsar. 
They finished their work Saturday noon, and then were given leave to go to see the 
capital city of the near-by native state. We have had some carpentry at this place, 
but not having proper supervision this work has not developed very well. 

The commission presses the point of giving these institutions a rural environment 

184 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

and a system of education founded on rural conditions and needs. Our boarding 
schools at Vali and Wankel, and even Vyara, are ideally located to meet these re- 
quirements. At Bulsar we have more nearly what corresponds to urban life, and we 
feel the pressure of conditions very much. 

Education of this sort for the raw villagers costs money, and one of the reasons 
why we have not succeeded better is that we have not had sufficient funds for properly 
equipping and staffing this work. Some missions have failed of the chief aim simply 
because they had to factorize their institutions in order to make ends meet. " Make 
it pay " is the. first thing some think of when the word " industry " is mentioned, but 
we must not forget that we are advocating the establishment of schools, not factories. 
However, this does not mean that we lose sight of the value of developing a system 
of self-help. This is most important, and we wish to see it done as rapidly as pos- 
sible, but not at the expense of the primary object of the institution — preparation for 
life duties among their own people. 

Girls' Boarding Schools 

Ella Ebbert 

THE boarding schools for girls in our India Mission number six. They are 
located at Anklesvar, Vyara, Jalalpor, Dahanu, Vada and Ahwa. The latter 
three are in Marathi territory. 

All of the schools except Ahwa report an increase in numbers during the year. 
At the latter place a number of girls who were in the. boarding last year are now 
living with their parents, and this has caused a decrease in numbers. Sister Miller 
reports a gain of forty-two at Anklesvar. The Vyara school moved into new quarters 
early in the year. For a time this seemed quite an expansion, but girls kept coming 
and soon the new quarters were more, crowded than the old had been. Therefore it 
was decided to build an addition. The work on this has begun, and soon there will 
be five more rooms ready. The school has had a gain of thirty-three during the year. 

The health in all the schools has been fairly good. An epidemic of sore eyes 
continued more or less throughout the year at Anklesvar. Ahwa lost three girls by 
death in an epidemic of influenza. Jalalpor lost four. In the remainder of the schools 
a number of children who had entered in a very much weakened condition died. Sister 
Mohler (nurse) cared for the medical side of the work at Anklesvar. It would be a 
big help if there could be a nurse in connection with each of the schools. 

Anklesvar is the only one of the schools that completes the six standards of 
the primary course. Nine teachers were in charge of the work in this school, including 
one special drawing teacher. At Vada and Vyara the work is continued to the fifth 
standard. After passing the fifth standard the girls at Vyara are transferred to the 
Anklesvar school. The remaining three schools have had work only for the first 
four classes. 

Most of the schools are registered and are inspected annually by the. government. 
Anklesvar was inspected not only by the local government inspector, but by the 
inspector of the Northern Division of Bombay Presidency and the inspectress of 
the whole of the presidency. This school received a grant of rupees 600 from the 
government. Dahanu received a grant of rupees 114. 

That these schools are successful as evangelizing agencies can readily be seen 
when we remember that from a total enrollment of 367 girls there were forty-eight 
baptisms. Most of the. remainder of the girls who are old enough were already Chris- 
tians. The exact figures are not at hand, but there are very few girls who remain in 
the schools for a few years but that become Christians. Regular daily Bible in- 
struction is given in each of the schools. A number successfully passed the Annual 
Sunday-school examination. 

J™£ Annual Report 185 

One of the greatest needs is trained teachers. But gradually the untrained teachers 
are being replaced by those who have had instruction in the normal schools, and each 
year sees progress in the quality of work being done. Will you not pray that this 
progress may continue and the need for more efficient, faithful Indian helpers may be 

Village Schools » 

J. M. Blough 

ALMOST from the very beginning the mission has conducted village schools, and 
at present they are carried on at every station, the number depending upon 
local conditions. Practically every other mission in India is also conducting 
village schools. There is a tremendous need for more village schools in the whole 
of India. Think of the 700,000 villages in India and less than one-sixth of them blessed 
with a primary school! In our own Bombay Presidency schools are well established, 
yet there are only 10,000 schools for 26,000 villages. In our own field we have some 
areas well supplied with schools, and some, very poorly supplied. In Jalalpor district 
there are many government schools, yet there is more demand for mission schools 
than we can meet. Think of the Dangs, with its 140 villages, and only twelve schools — 
all mission schools! The native states, generally, are rather backward in their educa- 
tional work, and five of them lie wholly or partly in our field. Baroda State has been 
widely praised for its attempt to establish compulsory education, but it has practically 
failed, and right in our Vyara district many schools have been closed, which gives 
the mission ever-increasing opportunities along this line. 

But no mission can hope to supply its entire district with village schools, for 
they are expensive. And to raise up teachers to supply the schools is another very 
expensive proposition. Then why should a mission conduct such schools at all? In 
order to raise up an intelligent Christian community missions are conducting village 
schools for their own Christian families. We consider our first duty is to the Christian 
community when no other school is provided for them. And in this it is our hope to 
create, a desire for education, so that finally the community itself will support the 
school. Of course, non-Christian children are welcome in these schools also. In Vyara 
and Anklesvar districts our schools are practically all for our Christians. In our 
other stations they are largely for non-Christians and are conducted with an evan- 
gelistic purpose. A village school is a splendid introduction for the Christian worker, 
and a splendid meeting place for the village people. And these schools have been 
very fruitful. During the last year the first baptisms occurred in Bhat, in Jalalpor 
area, where the mission has conducted a school for eighteen years. Many bring 
results much sooner. So at present our village schools are supported with evangelistic 

We are not proud of our village schools. For the most part they are small, 
teachers inefficient, equipment deficient, and attendance irregular, consequently prog- 
ress is slow. We have a few very good schools. In Jalalpor are two schools that 
register over a hundred in attendance, and Dahanu has one with eighty-seven. So 
when I tell you that the average enrollment of all is twenty, and average 
attendance is only thirteen plus — you will know that many schools must be small. 
Then again, a large majority of the pupils are in the first two grades. Only a few 
schools can hold the pupils long enough to get them above the third grade, and 
very many pupils drop out before they learn to read or write. Now we are very 
sorry for this condition, but it is not at all an easy matter to establish a good school 
among a people who do not know the advantages of an education. When our new 
school at Anklesvar is established we hope to be able to train up better teachers for 
these schools. Better teachers is our great need. Our total number of village schools 
is seventy-four day schools and twenty-seven night schools. 

These schools cost on an average about $120 each per year, which makes the 


The Missionary Visitor 


annual cost per child about $6. This is not a high expenditure, and w,e consider it 
money well spent. The teacher does not simply teach the school, but he also conducts 
a Sunday-school and prayers, and looks after the spiritual interests of the Christians 
who live there. The opportunities for the teacher are many; hence, how necessary 
to have good teachers! Daily religious instruction is given in the schools, and 
though all the pupils may not become Christians, they receive something worth while 
in the short time they are in school. 

There are many hindrances to the village school: 1. Lack of interest. There is 
very little public opinion among the rural people in favor of education. We are 
more eager to educate the children than are the parents themselves. 2. Poverty. 
People are poor, and so claim they need the help of their children to provide sufficient 
food for the family. True, very small children take care of the flocks and the smaller 
children, and so free others for labor in the fields. In spite of all the difficulties, 
education is becoming more popular and missions are contributing valuable aid 
to the cause of education in India. 

Boarding School Industries — Girls 

Anetta C. Mow 

THE subject of Industries in Boarding Schools is a big one, because it opens 
up a large undeveloped field of work. Visions of what might be done under 
favorable circumstances, and what ought to be done, face every superintendent 
of a girls' school here in India. 

Looking back over the past we realize that we are, as yet, on the threshold 
of industrial work in connection with our schools. And yet, on the other hand, wei 

Wash Day at Vyara Girls' Boarding School 

have much for which to be truly thankful as we think of what our girls have done. 
Just because some phases of work do not make a big showing is no sign that they 
are not important lines of industry. 

A boarding school is in reality a big home, and much housekeeping is needed 
to keep it running in proper order. Our first aim is to teach our girls how to keep 


Annual Report 


themselves clean, to grind, cook and sew. When they have learned to sew their own 
clothes, to keep them patched and washed clean, when they can " limpoo " (plaster) 
their rooms and keep them tidy, when they have learned how to make wholesome 
breads, we feel that these girls are going to make practical home-makers when they 
are married and settled in homes of their own. 

Not much fancywork has been taught, such as lace-making and embroidery, just 
for the simple reason that the more practical things are the more necessary. However, 
some of our older girls do very nice crocheting. You should see some of the pretty 
baby hoods they make out of many-colored yarns. They always remind me of Joseph's 
coat of many colors! 

Most of our girls from the second standard upward can sew nicely. The work 
is done slowly but surely, for they sew all seams with the back stitch. They learn 
to do it so evenly that it looks like machine work. Sister Ebey writes that most of 
her girls in the Dangs School sew beautifully. They make all their own clothes, and 
even the wives of the officials sometimes ask them to make their " cholis " (jackets). 
In sewing, the hardest task for these girls is to learn to cut out their garments. Few 
of them have ever had scissors in their hands before they entered the school, and so 
cutting is very awkward for them. It is also a long, hard process to learn to make 
nice buttonholes. Sometimes some of us Western Miss Sahibs feel we have been very 
" industrious " by the time we have taught our girls to do these things — it would be 
so much easier for us to do them ourselves! 

At certain seasons of the year our girls enjoy field work. Many of these children 
come from farming sections and they take readily to farm work. They know how 
to set out rice plants, wading in mud almost to their knees, and they also know how 

Spinning — An Industry Open to Women and Girls in India 

to harvest the rice crop. If our schools owned land, and there was always plenty of 
water for irrigation, our girls would never need to be urged to work in the ground. 
We hope to do more gardening in the future. 

Dairying and poultry-raising are lines which we feel would be splendid for our 
girls, but just how to work in these things is the problem which has not yet been 
solved. We neither have the room nor the equipment for these two lines of work. 

We are realizing more and more that our girls should learn to handle money, 
learn its value and do their own buying. They will need this knowledge when they, 
leave school. The " family system," which recently has been adopted by some mis- 

188 the Missionary Visitor {™ fe 

sions, is making it possible for the girls to learn the value of what they eat and wear. 
They are also paid for the work they do, and in turn they must pay for what they 
.use. This realization of values is a most essential thing for these girls. They need 
it sadly, and I hope the day will speedily come when every girl in our mission will 
have the chance to learn this very thing. 

Little or none, of our industrial work brings in returns in money. The things 
our girls can make are not in demand on the market. Although a few make bamboo- 
mats, which may be sold, and although others are learning to spin (thus cooperating with 
the Non-Cooperators who desire India to make all her own cloth), nevertheless our 
efforts are for the child's own development and welfare. As Sister Eliza Miller says, 
" We aim to have the girls do all their housework — and after all, if they cannot bake, 
cook, sew and keep a house, we have failed in our education." 


Higher Education in the India Mission 

E. H. Eby 

THE demand for well-trained workers, both foreign and Indian, is being in- 
creasingly perceived. India is in the throes of unrest and change — not only 
politically, but industrially, socially, and even religiously. It is a time when 
strong leadership is greatly needed. The church in India is looking for men of wide 
experience, careful training and of spiritual power to lead her out into the enlarged 
field of service now open to her. 

The training of such leadership is one of the chief tasks of the mission. She must 
provide facilities for such education, choose from among the many aspirants worthy 
and hopeful boys and girls upon whom to bestow this larger opportunity, and pro- 
vide . the money to defray the expense of such education. Where necessary, ex- 
isting government institutions are patronized. Where possible — that is, where adequate- 
instruction is given and a sufficiently high standard of scholarship maintained — 
we send our young people to mission schools or colleges, where the religious life 
of the student body is cared for. We as a mission have not gone far toward build- 
ing institutions for higher education. 

At present we have one young man studying; in the Government Agricultural 
College at Poona, and another taking second-year work in Wilson College, Bombay, 
and specializing in science. We have large hopes for the future usefulness of these 
two young men. But there are necessary limitations to the number to be educated 
in English. We need many more who are trained in the vernacular. Therefore we 
are sending larger numbers to the normal training colleges. For the first two years' 
work we send our young men to the Mission Training College operated by the 
Irish Presbyterians, and our girls to the Methodist Normal School for Girls. For 
third-year work it is necessary to patronize the government college. In December, 
1921, two of our men graduated from this school, while another passed in second- 
year work. All in the mission college passed who continued through the year. A few 
who studied privately and went up for examination failed to pass. A few had to be 
kept at home after discourteously leaving the school on account of some discomforts 
they were obliged, for a time, to bear. 

We have a few boys taking high-school work, and thus are looking toward educa- 
tion in English rather than in the vernacular. We are trying to limit the number 
who pursue this course. Three of our girls are taking special training in nursing. 
One young lady has completed the medical course in the Union Mission Medical 
College in North India, and a young man is being trained as a compounder, under 
Dr. Wan less at Mi raj. 

In the Marathi field this work is being duplicated as young people develop and 
are ready for higher education. They are sent to institutions best suited to the work 

June Annual Report 189 

1922 r 

we wish them to take. Every possible encouragement is offered our young people to 
prepare for useful mission service, as the workers in the Marathi field are fewer even 
than in the Gujarati. 

Scholarships, ranging from $3 to $10 per month, are granted to these students 
for their living expenses. The expenses increase as they advance in their courses. 
Beside the scholarships, clothing and other necessities have to be provided by the 
mission. All these young people are dependent upon the mission for their support, 
and in return for this favor of higher education they are expected to serve the mission 
two years for each year spent in training. It is to be hoped that in time some of 
this money will be returned by them after they have entered into remunerative 
service. An educational loan fund subscribed by the Indian church and subsidized 
by the mission and controlled by a joint committee, would tend to develop a sense 
of responsibility for perpetuating such a fund by prompt return of loans. Any method 
that will develop self-respect and self-responsibility is better than one requiring little 
in return. Character building is our primary aim. No system should hinder the 
realization of this aim. 

Temperance Progress in India During 1921 

A. T. Hoffert 

THE year 1921 was a very important one in the growth and development of the 
temperance reform, both in our own field and throughout the country generally. 
The picketing of liquor shops by followers of Mr. Gandhi has greatly reduced 
the consumption of liquor in many parts of the country. Because it has led to 
violence in some sections the government has taken measures to check it. The visit 
of Mr. W. E. Johnson has also helped to bring the temperance question to the front. 
Miss Mary J. Campbell, National Organizer of the W. C. T. U., visited our mission twice 
during the year and her messages were indeed encouraging and helpful. Early in 
the year Dr. H. J. Harnly, of McPherson College, addressed large audiences at 
Dahanu, Bulsar and in Rajpipla State, telling of the prohibition victory in America. 
The work in our own territory has been strengthened through the efforts of those 
mentioned above and we are grateful for their help. 

The work done in our mission has received increased recognition from others and 
they are turning to us for leadership. At present four of our sisters are serving as heads 
of departments, or as officers of the W. C. T. U. of Bombay Presidency, and two 
were appointed as heads of national departments of that organization. The writer 
has been appointed to three important positions in Bombay Presidency outside of 
our mission; also, as national superintendent of the Blue Ribbon Temperance Asso- 
ciation, with which our work is affiliated. These positions lay upon us tasks, which, 
if faithfully done, will magnify our sphere of influence a hundredfold! And, dear 
reader, when you pray for the India work, do not forget the temperance work in 
a very special way, for our opportunities as leaders in this great crusade are simply 

Temperance literature was emphasized during the year. As usual the May number 
of the Prakash Patra, our Gujarati mission paper, was devoted to temperance, three 
thousand copies of which were published. Besides this four leaflets and one tract, 
making a total of 20,000 copies, were printed at our expense; also, 250 pledge books, 
containing 5,000 pledges. A set of thirty slides, with Gujarati lettering on them, have 
been prepared and are being used with good effect in the villages. The Gujarat 
Tract Society has approved of " National Efficiency and Temperance Reform " and 
" Race Building," which are being printed as tracts in Gujarati at their expense. At 
the October meeting of the field committee it was decided not to print the usual 
temperance number of the Prakash Patra, but leave it to the temperance committee 
of the Gujarat Conference to provide for a temperance periodical. They will issue 
a Gujarati Temperance Quarterly this coming year. It, as well as other temperance 


190 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

literature in the future, will be issued at the Mission Press, Surat. Steps are being 
taken by the temperance committee of the Bombay Representative Council of Missions 
to have a temperance supplement issued each month in connection with the inter- 
mission Marathi paper, the Dnyanodaya. This will be a great help to the Marathi 

Organized temperance work has received more than ordinary attention during 
the past year. Our missionaries have always emphasized temperance in their village 
work, warning the people against drink, but it is only recently that definite efforts 
have been exerted to organize temperance societies in the villages and at our stations. 
Our Indian people are weak in organization; hence they need this training by organizing 
to fight drink. 

The Loyal Temperance 'Legion, under the supervision of Sister Sadie Miller, has 
been active in our boarding schools. At Jalalpor a seven-year-old boy has been 
presiding at the weekly meetings of the juvenile society. Good results are reported 
from this work among the children in a number of our other boarding schools. Sister 
Miller is not only superintendent of this work in our mission and in Bombay 
Presidency, but at the recent National W. C. T. U. convention in Madras she was made 
national superintendent of this department. 

A number of women's temperance organizations were effected by Miss Campbell 
while working at Dahanu, Bulsar, Jalalpor and Anklesvar. She spoke to the men at 
these places. She is a good speaker, and her greatest opportunity is among the 
men. She expects to be in America by the time these lines are read and I trust a 
number of our people will have opportunity to hear her. 

The work at Ahwa is of special interest, as so few places in India have banished 
the traffic in large enough areas to test results. Bro. Adam Ebey reports as follows: 
" We have sent in Rs. 10 to the Second District treasurer. We have had no liquor 
shop near Ahwa for over eighteen months. The authorities say it has cut down 
materially the number of criminal cases before the Fojdar (superintendent of police) 
and the second class magistrate, as well as before the first class magistrate. In our 
own little Christian community, drunkenness and quarrels from drinking are almost 
a thing of the past. People are better fed and clothed and are giving of their means 
for religious work, where they had nothing to eat, wear, nor to give before. We have 
made use of the public services freely in telling of the evils of intemperance. There 
have been been several pledge signers." 

During the early part of the year, by the help of William Umpta, a young brother 
from Bulsar, a vigorous campaign was conducted in the villages of Jalalpor County 
under the direction of Bro. Forney. The magic lantern was used. In May a special 
temperance effort was conducted at all our stations in Gujarat. Nearly eleven thou- 
sand people were reached through the meetings, held in over 200 villages. Over 1,600 
signed the abstinence pledge and 6,778 pieces of temperance literature were sold or 
distributed. Five temperance societies were organized in Rajpipla State. In October 
and November Sister Miller did effective temperance work in connection with her evan- 
gelistic work. Four societies were organized and a large number signed the pledge. 
Her work was reported to the dewan (prime minister) of the state and he requested 
that the temperance activity cease on account of the general unrest in the country. 

In the Anklesvar district one temperance meeting was held in each of the villages 
visited by Sister Ziegler while she was tenting. In December, Luther Vishrambhai 
assisted me in Anklesvar County, the magic lantern being used to good purpose. In 
October he was appointed to give full time to the promotion of temperance work in 
the villages. The writer has been freed to give practically full time to this work. This 
puts the Brethren Mission second to none in India, so far as aggressive temperance 
work is concerned. 

During the year eight articles were written for secular papers, and numerous 
articles and reports for temperance and religious papers of India were printed. 


Annual Report 


The Year's Medical Work 

Barbara M. Nickey 

THE year has had no serious epidemics. There have been scattered, light cases 
of influenza, and malaria is always with us. 
Some of our missionaries have not been well. Bro. Holsoppleand family have 
had considerable malaria, and he has also had asthma. They were on the hills about 

six and a .half months, hoping to 
regain normal strength. Sister 
Mow has been considerably in- 
capacitated. In consultation with 
other physicians it was thought 
that a chronic appendicitis, with 
complications, may be the cause of 
her trouble, and it is advisable for 
her to return to America for opera- 
tion and recuperation. 

In the hospital rooms here in 
the bungalow we have had a num- 
ber of patients. We have had the 
pleasure of welcoming four babies 
into our own mission family, and 
one into a family of the Alliance 
Mission. It is a real pleasure to 
care for our missionaries in times 
of need. 

The patients in the hospital 
have been mostly Christians from 
our other mission stations and 
from our neighboring mission, the 
Wesleyan. There have been some 
Parsee and Hindu cases. It is 
among the in-patients that we can 
make the most progress in present- 
ing Christian truths. Some have 
been very receptive to the Chris- 
tian teaching, and have eagerly 
read the Gospels, but have not 
had courage to take a definite 
stand for Christ. We hope the 
seed sown may yet result in fruit- 
age. The latter part of the year 
Sister Kintner was able to do some evangelistic work in the hospital, for which we were 
very glad. 

We were called in several obstetrical cases outside, where native midwives had 
attended the .cases for several days and had been unsuccessful. The cases were 
abnormal. In one instance decapitation was necessary, and in another, craniotomy. 
Such serious operations, following the work of a dirty midwife, are fraught with much 
danger of infection. We were glad we could save the lives of the mothers. We believe 
God has especially blessed in these unfavorable circumstances. In one of these cases, 
after examining the patient I found her in such a serious condition that I did not think 
it would be possible to save her or the child. I stated these facts to the family, but 
said I would do everything possible for them. The patient, who I thought was in too 

Medical Committee 

From left to right, Dr. Babara M. Nickey, Lillian Grisso. 
(Ida Himmelsbaugh and Jennie Mohler, members of this 
committee, were not present in March meeting of Field 
Committee, 1921, hence Lillian Grisso served on committee 
and is in the picture.) 

192 The Missionary Visitor 


serious a condition to grasp what was said, had understood and spoke up- "Am I 
going to die? Can't I get well?" I told her she was very sick, but that there is a 
loving Father who can do all things and that we would trust him. After the operation 
I told her she must lie very still. She was lying on a rope bed, with only a gunny 
sack beneath her, which was very uncomfortable. Yet I think she must have followed 
advice closely. I saw her daily and told her more of the good old story. She listened 
eagerly, but one day she said, "You are my god. My gods never did anything for 
me. You have healed me." Then we explained again how God had only used us, and that 
she could not possibly have been healed without his help. She made a remarkable 
recovery. It was his miraculous intervention, and we praise him for it. 

Sister Himmelsbaugh has a dispensary and babies' home at Umalla, and has been 
very busy. The political situation has resulted in a decreased dispensary attendance. 


The Beginning of the Hospital Plant at Bulsar 

Besides the work in the dispensary she has also been going to out-villages with 
medicines on certain days. Caring for the babies' home is no easy work. Many 
small children are brought in such poor condition that it is very difficult to get 
them started on the road to health. 

Miss Mohler has had charge of the medical phase of the Anklesvar Girls' Boarding 
School. In a school of 150 girls there is much to do. The other boarding schools 
have kept no definite records of cases treated, but they would likely have similar re- 
ports. Sister Mohler's report is as follows: 

"At Anklesvar no effort has been made to encourage people coming' to the 
mission for medical treatment, but on the contrary they have been discouraged from 
coming. What has been done has been limited to the Girls' School, to the people 
living on the compound, and to the teachers in the villages, with their families. Only 
a few outside people have been treated or given medical attention. There is a govern- 
ment dispensary in the bazaar, where they can get medicines free. Even then many 
have come and have begged to be given medicine at the mission. The confinement 
cases among the Christian people have been cared for to avoid having them call in 
native midwives. 

" There have been very few serious cases among the girls when it was necessary 

J™ e Annual Report 193 

to call if; a doctor. The government doctor was called in seven or eight times, and 
three of the girls were taken to the mission hospital in Broach for a short time. One 
little orphan girl, who had developed tuberculosis, was taken there and kept until 
her death. The greatest affliction during the year has been sore eyes. After the 
Christmas holidays, when the girls returned, one of them brought sore eyes, which 
soon infected others, and then others, so that in spite of isolation and careful treat- 
ment many of the girls became infected and at the end of the year there were still 
a few cases which had become chronic, but are improving. 

"There are always some cases of itch among the girls. For a while all such 
cases were segregated, so a marked improvement followed. Since the close of the 
rains there has been considerable malaria, but no cases that did not yield to treatment 
after a few days." 

At every mission station a number of people come seeking medical help. They have 
confidence that the missionary, whether a doctor or not, will be able to help them 
more than the government doctor who may be near by. Most towns of a few thou- 
sand people have a free government dispensary; still it is necessary for the mission- 
ary to do some medical work, mostly for the poor, backward country people. 

Bro. Adam Ebey has done much medical work along with his other mission work 
at Ahwa. He has a tiny room on the veranda of the bungalow for a dispensary. He 
has not been able to give a great deal of time to the medical work, because of the 
other pressing duties, but he has cared for nearly 6,000 cases. There have been 
several severe epidemics of dysentery. Such epidemics are very serious, and sometimes 
quite protracted ill-health follows. The people of the Dangs are poor, and often can- 
not get the right kind of food. This results in intestinal troubles. The water supply, 
too, is very poor and the people often drink water that is quite unfit for use. 

Sister Blough reports that at Vyara they had epidemics of whooping cough and 
chicken-pox in the Boys' Boarding, which received the medical attention of the 
missionaries. The Girls' Boarding School also had epidemics of mumps and measles 
and some cases of severe fever and pneumonia. Not having a place to care for sick- 
children, Sister Mow took three of the worst cases into the bungalow, nursing them 
through the critical period. There was also plenty of the ever-present skin diseases 
in both boarding schools. There were only two deaths in the Christian community 
and the boarding schools. A couple of little girls died after they had gone home 
to their villages. A few cases of burns were successfully cared for among outside 

Bro. Hollenberg at Vada has treated an average of four or five cases a day. 
The government dispensary is near, yet people come for the mission medicine. The 
most common diseases treated were skin troubles, fever and intestinal worms. About 
150 rupees' worth of medicines were used. 

Sister Alley had charge of the medical work at Dahanu the first part of the 
year. Sister Blickenstaff did much medical work in the boarding school during her 
first year's language study, and took over all the medical work after passing the first 
Marathi examination. She has taken care of the confinement cases in the Christian com- 
munity. She was first called for some outside cases, but along with language study it was 
not advisable to go, as it requires daily care afterward, and this interferes too greatly 
with the new missionary's study. It has been necessary to call her several times to 
relieve Miss Grisso when the nursing care at Bulsar was very heavy. 

At Jalalpor Sister Forney has given out medicines, mostly ointments for itch, 
sores and ringworm. She has kept no record, but thinks she has given ointment to 
about 800 people. She has treated some others for colds, fever, sore eyes and stomach 
troubles. Each person who comes receives a tract. About 1,600 tracts have thus been 
given out. 

We were much disappointed that Dr. Cottrells were hindered from returning at the 

194 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

regular time. We trust Sister Cottrell may soon be strong, and that they may be 
able to return to this needy field. 

Looking Forward 
D. L. Forney 

TO indicate with certainty the future of our India Mission would require the 
vision of a prophet. But if the future may be judged by the past there are 
encouragements that beckon us on to greater effort. 

From the Vyara district, while there is a membership of one thousand, on the 
other hand there are four hundred villages, representing in round numbers 127,000 
souls, nearly all of whom are open for evangelistic effort. The harvest is great and 
the laborers all too few. It is a bewildering task to the few who have entered the 
field; a challenge to the church at home to respond with the best at their command. 

Just a little farther on is Rajpipla State. The capacity of th,e Girls' Boarding School 
for that district is perhaps 200 girls. But Sister Eliza B. Miller, who is in charge 
of this boarding, says: "The whole of Anklesvar Taluka and Rajpipla State is ours. 
There are thousands of girls to be reached and are reachable." Some one has said, 
" Save the women of India and you save India." Save these girls, should we? Will 
we? They will come if we go to them. On that "if" hangs the destiny of 
these girls. A life and death in heathenism, or a life that leads to the portals of 
glory, is the contrast. How many may be saved depends on the ability of the workers 
on the field to meet the need and the response of the saved ones at home. 

The prospects in the Dangs for a large Christian community are good, but 
some one must show them that there is something better for them in the social and 
spiritual scale of life than what they now possess. How they do respond when 
once they are shown! Does it pay, did you ask? Hear the response in song or 
prayer of those who have been reached, or see their large gifts of money, given 
from conditions of poverty for a Williams Memorial or for definite work among 
such as they once were, and you get the answer. 

In other Marathi districts the workers are looking forward to the time when 
the boarding schools shall be filled. These boys and girls when once trained as 
Christians will be able to go back into their villages to reach their own people and 
lead" them to Christ. 

One district has a population of 93,000, who have scarcely had the opportunity 
of hearing of Christ, their Savior, but where the workers have gone they have had 
a cordial reception and an invitation to come back. 

Among the fisherfolk along the coast, of whom there are thousands, the first- 
fruits of many years of effort have just been gathered. Others are thinking. Will 
you pray for them that the Lord may open their hearts to receive him? 

The need of trained workers is apparent. Doors of opportunity are open and 
should not be neglected. 

India is astir as never before. She is seeking swaraj, or self-government, but her 
deeper need is her need of the Savior. When adequately presented the response is 
accordingly, as witness the testimony of the meetings held by Stanley Jones for 
reaching educated Hindus, one of whom testified that "Jesus Christ is the greatest 
Personality the world has ever seen." 

Agricultural Report, 1921 

Arthur S. B. Miller 

AT the beginning of this report let it be said that this is not a complete report 
of all of the stations, due to the fact that all have not given a report to the 
writer. Since it was impossible to get to all the stations to secure the facts, 
and answers were not made to inquiries, in some cases, we know nothing of the 
detailed activities of some of the stations. But it can be said that it is the custom 
throughout the mission to have a garden in connection with each boarding school; 

J™g Annual Report 195 

in fact, I think, with each compound, where pupils are given practical training in 
gardening. This plan also makes it possible to have a supply of vegetables for the 
diet of the pupils. This may be stated as a general policy. It needs no explanation 
to the readers of this report to realize that the training derived from this plan is 
splendid for the pupils, whether they be girls or boys. It develops them for future 
life in a most practical and admirable way. Further than this it is noted by those in 
charge of boarding schools that the health of the pupils is decidedly improved 
by the addition of vegetables to the diet. 

During 1921 the agricultural activity in the mission has been largely in con- 
nection with the Boys' Boarding Schools. Bro. Holsopple writes from Vali as follows: 
'' All of the boys in the school do industrial work. Those in third standard, and 
above, work four hours daily, six days a week. Their work is divided proportionately 
into carpentry 3, field work 1, and gardening 4. Those boys in standards lower than 
third also work about two hours daily in garden and field. The boys use Indian 
implements, weed, harvest, protect crops from birds and animals, and thresh grain. 
Usually there are one or two paid helpers. In the garden the boys do all of the 
work except draw the water, and sometimes they do that. They care for the 
buffalo (which provides milk for the boarding) and tend the oxen. 

" Some of the older boys have ability to direct other boys in the work. They 
seem to like their work, on the whole. Some boys have taken small plots of ground 
in the garden, and under their own management have developed some very fine 
gardens. This work will be extended next year and the pupils will be given op- 
portunities in a larger way to plan their own gardens and work them. 

" The results of this work are good health, good gardens and boys not afraid 
to work." 

From Bulsar comes the report that some new methods have been used in the 
garden, with some definite results, in encouraging the use of the hoe and the ap- 
plication of manure to the soil. The amount of water required for irrigation was 
noticeably cut down, and there has been less water-logged soil. This work, having 
been done by the boys of the school, made it possible for them to see a demonstration 
of something new in agriculture. 

Also at Bulsar, the boys above fifth standard have been given directions and instruc- 
tion by a young man who has been trained at the Allahabad Agricultural Training In- 
stitute. Every week they are given four hours of agricultural work, including some in- 
struction in the theory and practices of agriculture. 

The headmaster of the Bulsar school tells me that he feels that some of the 
boys like that kind of work so well that they will want to continue in that line. 

At Vyara, also, the boys are given practical work in the garden under the 
direction of a practical gardener. The only reason that the Vyara and Vali boys 
have not received the instruction along with the practical work is that there have 
not been enough trained men to go around. It is one of the tasks of the mission to 
train more men for this work. 

It is the hope of the mission to work out the present work on a larger scale, so 
that all students, whether they are to become teachers, preachers, farmers or other 
classes of workers, may have some practical training in agriculture as well as the 
correlated industries. The teachers and preachers have an. especially large oppor- 
tunity to be of service to people of the villages, by entering more fully and sympa- 
thetically into their activities. 

Babies' Home 
Ida Himmelsbaugh 

ANOTHER year has come and gone. I am thankful that I can report much im- 
provement in conditions during the last twelve months. The health of the 
babies has been good throughout the year. Only three children died, and 
these had come in such a weakened condition that from the first I had felt their cases 


The Missionary Visitor 


were hopeless. One of them was brought to the home when only a few weeks 
old, by the father. He told me he had been on the way three days. The milk 
in the baby's bottle was sour. Though it was the winter season, there were no 
clothes on the little one and as the father, too, was almost naked, he could not 
protect the baby from the cold. For a few months it seemed to be growing, and 
then it suddenly died. The shock of the exposure had been too great. 

When we can get the babies soon after the death of the mothers the problem of 
saving them is somewhat easier. Many times they respond quickly to treatment 
and we are much encouraged, and then again when they continue to grow weaker in 
spite of all that can be done there is room for discouragement. How one learns to 
sympathize with mothers! 

I am so grateful that the Father has given me a few good women to help in 
the work. It is not easy to get the right kind of helpers, for the work is difficult 
and requires much love and grace. The need among the babies is so great. 

But it seems to me that you cannot serve the Master more effectually than by 
ministering to these little ones and guiding their feet into the path that leads to life 
True, it is a work that may not become known by the world, but it is a quiet way 
to serve, and ministering to these little ones as unto him will surely bring you into 
closer fellowship with God. Sometimes you will feel that it is not worth while, and 
then some little one will show its love for you and there will come the realization 
that you are not alone and you will feel his holy presence. Oh, it is worth while, 
a thousand times worth while! He helps, he keeps, he understands, and the reward 
is a crown of life and a rich harvest for him. Lord, send us the little ones! 

Indian Mission Statistical Report 

I. Stations. Their Equipment and Force of Workers 

1. Name of District, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi— Second Dist. 

2. Name of Station, 



3. Date of opening, . 

4. Staff, Amer. men, 

5. Staff, American 

6. Staff, Indian men, 

7. Staff, Indian. . 

8. Churchhouses, ... 

9. Schoolhouses 

10. Bungalows, 

11. Land area acres, 

12. Land under 

13. Value of land, ($), 

14. Vaiue of Equip., 
build., etc., ($), . 

15. Evangelists, men, 

16. Evangelists, Bible 

17. Villages occupied, 

18. Villages to be 

19. Population to be 
evangelized, |96,360|227,173 

20. Families in houses | 
owned by mission. | 25 1 70] 

21. Christian families in| | | 
their own houses, | 88 1 8| 





|20,000| 52,500' 























68 1 
































































































Annual Report 


II. Indian Church Statistics for 1921 

1. Name of District. 

Gujarati— First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Name of station, 

3. Organized churches, 

4. No. baptized, 

5. Received by letter, 

6. Dismissed by letter, 

7. Died 

8. Disowned 

9. Reinstated, 

10. Ministers — Indian, 

11. Ministers — American, 

12. Deacons 

13. Members at end of year, 

14. Contributions (not stated elsewhere), 



$205 $107 





$132 $180 













































III. Indian Sunday-school Statistics for 1921 

1. Name of District, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi— Second Dist. 

2. Name of station, 


3. No. Sunday-schools, 

4. No. of teachers 

5. Amount total offering 

6. Enrollment, 

7. Average attendance, 

8. Pupils baptized during year, 

9. Christians in villages, 

10. Christians attending S. S 

11. Teachers' meetings, 

12. Passed S. S. examination, ... 

181 21 4 

1 27| 11 10 



$5.65l$218|$139($84 $76.20 











141 101 

2i i 






































































IV. Educational Statistics for 1921 
A. Village Schools 

1. District, 

Gujarati — 1st 

Marathi — 
2nd Dist. 

2. Station, 

3. Village day schools, .. 

4. Village night schools, . 

5. Village school teachers, 

6. Enrollment, 

7. Average attendance, ... 

8. No. of boys, 

9. " 

No. of girls, 

Christian pupils, 

Non-Christian pupils, 

Lower primary, below 3rd S,... 
Lower primary, 3rd and 4th S. 
Upper primary, 5th and 6th S,. 

Passed ex'amination 

Government grants, 

































































The Missionary Visitor 


B. Boarding School Statistics for 1921 

1. District 


= t 


Second Dist. 

2. Name of school 


























I— i 




















































Station (or year) 

4. No. of teachers, 

5. Day pupils, boys 

6. Day pupils, girls, 

7. Total day pupils, 

8. Boarding pupils, boys, 

9. Boarding pupils, girls, 

10. Total boarding pupils, 

11. Total enrollment, 

12. Passed examination, 

13. Lower primary below 3rd standard, . 

14. Lower Primary, 3rd and 4th, 

15. Upper primary, 5th and 6th, 

16. Pupils baptized, 

17. Christian pupils, 

18. Total average annual cost per pupil, 

19. Government grants, 

1 7 

25 139 




$ 37 


* Supported by First District Mission Board. 

C. Scholarship and Training Department— 1921 

1. Districts 

2. Bulsar Bible Normal School— Teachers, 7~. 

3. Bible Normal School students— men, 

4. Bible Normal School students— women, ... 

5. 7th standard vernacular, 

6. Teacher training college 

7. Learning English, 

8. Medical and industrial, 

9. Total tr. students — men, 

10. Total tr. students — women, 

11. Grand total tr. students, 

D. Summary of Educational Statistics 

1. Total No. mission schools, 

2. Total teaching force — men, 

3. Total teaching force — women, 

4. Grand total teaching force, ; 

5. Total under instruction — males, 

6. Total under instruction — females 

7. Grand total under instruction, 

* Night schools, 27. 
t Night schools, 22. 
t Night schools, 21. 



a a 

W 03 


?, « 





a +: 



-M CO 
































































Annual Report 



1. Districts, 

Gujarati — First Dist. 

Marathi — 
Second Dist. 

2. Stations, 






























651 11 


790 1 

3. Groups tenting or touring, 

4. No. weeks tenting or touring 

5. Missionaries tenting or touring, 

6. Indians tenting or touring, 

7. Villages where repeated meetings were. 


8. Bibles Sold, 

9. New Testaments sold, - 

10. Gospels sold 

11. Tracts sold, 

12. Tracts distributed free, 

13. Periodicals used (vernacular), 

14. S. S. Quarterlies used 

15. Dist. Meeting Offerings, 





















































t General offerings included. 
'* Total printed. • 


1. District, 

Gujarati— First Dist. 

Maiathi— • 
Second Dist. 

2. Station, 

3. Temp. Societies 

4. Membership, 

5. No. of work groups, .. 

6. No. workers, 

7. Villages visited 

8. Meetings held, 

9. No. who heard 

10. Tracts sold 

11. Copies of temp, paper, 

12. Tracts distributed free, 
11 Total pledges secured, 
14. Offerings, fees, etc., .. 





































































446| 2,491 

! I 




. 1$8.001$8.001$14.70|$3.75|$34.45|$3.60| . 

























1. Station, 

Hospital or dispensary, , 

Doctors — American, 

Nurses — American, 

Trained Indian assistants, 

New cases, 

Repeated calls, 

Total calls at dispensary, 

Daily average, 


Obstetrical cases 

Inoculations ' 

Minor operations, , 

Major operations, 




I 3,855 
1 12 672 
I 44 
| 175 































$ 60 






















$ 20 
$ 150 





* Minor operations. 


1. No. boys, 

2. No. girls, 

3. Total, 

4. Under school age 













The Missionary Visitor 



Baby Homes, Umalla. 

(1) Total children for year, 

(2) Entered boarding school, 

(3) Died 

(4) Left 

(5) No. in home at close of yr.. 
Widows' Home, Bulsar. 

(1) No. women at close of year,.. 

(2) No. children at close of year 
















192111920 1919 

5 | 5 





J jg? Annual Report 201 



Will E. Glasmire 

NOTHER year has rolled by and we face the task of preparing a report of 
the work. 

In looking back over the work done we find much that should have been 
done, and that which was done might have been done in a better way. Since we can 
not retrace our steps we hope and pray that the coming year may be an improve- 
ment over the one that is past. 

Jan. 2, 1921, we held our love feast, with twenty-three members partaking of 
the sacred emblems. Five young sisters, the first fruits of our work in Denmark, 
Were present at the tables for the first time. Three who had drifted away during the 
past yeafs renewed their fellowship and are happy to be amongst us again. During 
the summer We held another, with forty-six present. This has been the largest feast 
heid for many a year. We rejoice because of the additions and a renewed devotion 
to the Lord's cause and the hope of more and better work in the future. 

A series of meetings, held in the beginning of the year, resulted in six young 
people giving their hearts to the Lord. They were baptized and are happy in the 
Master's service. During the year four more were baptized. One of these was the 
wife of a young man baptized last year. She requested to be baptized upon the ar- 
rival in Bronderslev of the deputation, Brethren J. J. Yoder and H. J. Harnly, and 
a number of brethren from Thy, in order to be able to participate in the Lord's 
Supper next day. This was done at 11:30 P. M. — remember that we have light 
nights, light enough to read a newspaper without artificial light. 

We lost one member by death during the year — Sister Kristine Poulsen — the 
first sister to join the Church of the Brethren on foreign soil, May 27, 1876. (See 
" Thirty-three Years of Missions of the Church of the Brethren," page 53.) This 
sister was the wife of Eld. P. C. Poulsen, one of the faithful coworkers with Bro. 
Christian Hope in the time when the church's struggles were hard. Her husband 
preceded her in death in 1909. She lived with a daughter and was faithful to her 
Lord and his teachings until he called her home. She was laid to rest in the 
Frederikshavn burial ground. 

The Sunday-schools, one in Hordum and the other in Bedsted, which were or- 
ganized in October, 1920, have increased in numbers and interest. The attendance 
has been very good during the year. It is next to impossible to get grown persons, 
or even those over fourteen years of age, to come. That is the age they are con- 
firmed, and this ends, in many instances, their religious interest. 

Our members' children are all very faithful. Most of them are poor; a few, of 
moderate means. We certainly appreciate the young American brother's big heart- 
edness in supplying us with the picture rolls and cards for the coming year. It is one 
of the best drawing instruments we have. 

Our method of conducting Sunday-school is a revelation to the Danes. The 
public school-teacher in Hordum made the remark in school, " I cannot understand 
what kind of a Sunday-school Glasmire conducts. All the children who go there 
talk so much about Jesus. And they say he has grown people in Sunday-school, 
too. I have never heard of such a thing." He would like to visit the school, but 
fears for his position. Schools are under the priest's control. He is head of the 
School Board. 

Two well-attended Christmas programs were rendered. The programs, in which 
the children took part, were a new thing. It is the one time of the year when we 
fan get the parents to come, They were very well pleased, to hear their children 

202 The Missionary Visitor J^ 2 e 

recite and sing. After the programs, chocolate, coffee and cakes were served. Then 
all, young and old, marched around the tree, which was filled with small lights, all 
other lights being turned out, and sang carols until the lights were burned out. This 
is a very nice custom and dates back many hundreds of years in Danish folk life. 
The youngest in line was five months and the oldest seventy-two. 

A young people's society was organized in the spring, with twenty-seven charter 
members." The present membership is forty-eight. The aim is the development of 
good Christian character and workers for the Master. The young people have shown 
great zeal in furthering their work. We are looking forward to a bright future in 
this organization. 

Our statistical report shows quite a drop from last year in the offering for World- 
Wide Missions. We have not stressed this end as hard as we have the supporting of 
their home organizations. They had not been accustomed to giving, had not been 
taught, and everybody — even the good brethren and sisters in America — knows it 
is not an easy task to teach some one to give. We thank God for the way they have 
accepted suggestions and for the results as shown under Home Missions offerings. 

We contemplate opening up regular work in two new places in Thy, where we will 
hold meetings once or twice a month. 

Bro. Esbensen expects to move to the Vensyssel field, where we have been doing 
work for some time. It is a large field. There are possibilities there undeveloped. 
It is the place where the first work by Bro. Hope was done, also where Bro. Wine 
lived during his stay in Denmark. We hope for progress here. The work is hard here 
as well as elsewhere. 

There is much opposition to the true teaching of the Gospel. It is accepted with 
great reluctance. All who do accept it are ridiculed and called " Sekterer," which is 
about as bad a title as a man can have. All " Sekterer " are children of the devil. 
All outside of the State Church are " Sekterer." This gives good ground for 
no alliance meetings, for "what part hath Christ with Belial?" is often heard from 
their side. We hope and pray for the Lord to give us strength and wisdom to bear 
all and lead the work aright. 

The spirit of the members is good. There are a number who want to do work 
for the Master, but do not know how. This puts the work on a few shoulders and makes 
it a hard struggle. The inconsistent living of all about us makes it hard for our 
younger members to live the consistent Christian life. There is no cause for com- 
plaint, but much to rejoice over, when we see their persistent efforts to remain 
loyal to the teachings of their Lord. 

The conditions in Denmark are much the same as in most other countries — bad 
at present, especially the financial condition. Some of the largest business houses, 
as well as half a dozen of the big banks, have failed. Besides this, 34 per cent of the 
people are out of work because of strikes and lockouts, and these people must be 
fed, as the law of Denmark says " Every man has a right to be fed." If he can't 
earn enough the government supplies it, and those who pay taxes pay for it. If the 
tax is not high enough to pay last year's expenses, in order to cover the deficit an 
extra tax is laid on last year's income, etc., in addition to the regular one for this 
year. In this way we never know what our tax is until our next year's list appears. 
People in Pennsylvania used to grumble when the tax rate was 7, 8, or 10 mills. I 
wonder what they would say to 10 per cent, as we have to pay, instead of 10 
mills, with a good prospect of 13 or 14 per cent this year, unless some change 
is made. This makes it hard for the average person. All he can earn is swallowed 
up in providing for his family and taxes. 

The visit of Brethren J. J. Yoder and H. J. Harnly during the summer was a 
great encouragement to us all. The older members often mention the names of the 

J™ e Annual Report 203 

former Americans who visited them. The messages of advice and comfort the 
brethren gave us were an inspiration to all. The one great thing that the people 
not of our faith cannot understand is that men of such high standing could con- 
descend to mingle with people of the middle and lower class. They cannot realize 
that a doctor of philosophy and a college professor could associate with anyone 
but those in the high places. Rank is a very prominent thing here, and this accounts 
for the idea about the men who visited us. 

The prospects for the future are good. The children in our Sunday-schools offer 
good ground for the sowing of the right seed. Already some of the older ones 
have expressed themselves by saying that they are not going to the priest, that is, 
to catechetical instructions. Some parents have become interested enough to come 
to the Sunday-school and services. 

The field in Vensyssel, where Bro. Esbensen is locating, has homes with many 
children. This affords a good opportunity for a Sunday-school, which is the entering 
wedge to a community here. We must reach the people through the children. 

The Young People's Society is planning for more aggressive work. A sewing 
circle is to be one of the features in their ranks. It is from this society that we 
hope for the material for our future workers. 

The Bible Training School is a dream at present, but may soon become a reality. 
There will be much red tape over here before it can be started. 

The moving of Bro. Esbensen will bring added responsibilities upon a few 
shoulders in the Thy district. We could use an efficient young sister in carrying on the 
Sunday-school and young people's work — one possessed of musical ability and leader- 

A " Ford " could be used to great advantage. When we stop to think that it 
takes from 9 A. M. to 10 P. M. to travel a distance of about sixty miles we can 
realize, in a measure, what traveling is like here. It is not so much the traveling 
as the stopping at stations that hinders progress. 

We will be pressed for time in handling the work this year, due to the added 
work laid upon us. We hope and pray that the good brethren and sisters who ride 
in their cars, as well as those who do not, do not think we ask for any luxuries; 
no, we ask for the bare necessities for carrying on the work in the most success- 
ful manner. It is not certain that we will have our request granted, but the need 
remains nevertheless. 

We face the new year with hope and good courage for a successful year's work. 
We well realize that not all will be sunshine. It is best not to picture before 
our readers the dark days we passed through during the year just ended. Not every- 
thing was as we would like to have it. But may we go on with an unfaltering 
trust in him who leads all, with the hope that with the prayers and assistance 
of the home folks, united with Christ's leadership, our efforts will not be in vain, 
but may redound to the honor and glory of God and his kingdom. 

Financial Report, 1921 

Balance on hand Jan. 1, 1921, 124.50 

General Mission Board, 14,75° CO 

Interest, Jan. 1 to June 30 30.95 

P. Hansen, 101.33 

World-Wide Missions, 219.90 



The Missionary Visitor 



General station expenses, 2,013.45 

Publications, 300.00 

Properties, 848.98 

Taxes, . . . . 530.19 

Rent, 2,000.00 

Supports — Esbensen, Hansen, Johansen, Eskildsen, 8,325.00 

Cash on hand Dec. 31, 1921, 1,209.06 

All moneys represented in Danish kroner. 


Statistical Report for 1921 


O W 

v bo 

PL, C 



T3 60 










TOTALS, | 4| 2 6| 73| 10| 1127 6| 3| 89| 2...| 1|...| 85|579.42|254.84|978.90|219.90|2,033.06 

*Numbers represent 23 present at first and 46 at second love feast. 

All moneys are represented in Danish kroner and ore. 

52 is enrollment for Sunday-School in Bedsted, and 75 in Hordum. 

J™| Annual Report 205 


J. F. Graybill 

THE past year has had more than its usual amount of discouragements in our 
work. In the early part of the year it became evident that Sister Graybill 
would have to submit to a severe operation. This proved, at least temporarily, 
successful, for which we praise the Lord, and we hope she will continue to gain more 

Unemployment has characterized industrial conditions during the entire year, 
and as yet there is no sign of anything better along this line. This causes general 
dissatisfaction, much contention among the working classes, and also much suffer- 
ing. The employers are trying to force down the wages to such an extent that 
the laboring man is not able to support his family, as long as living conditions are 
so high as at the present time. This depression has affected our mission offering to 
some degree. 

Industrial conditions are bound to have an effect on society, especially in the 
cities, and social conditions in turn affect church work. 

Our Sunday-school work has been moving along as well as could be expected 
under existing conditions. The offering in the Malmo Sunday-school was encourag- 
ing during 1921, there being a deficiency of only twenty-one kroner (about five 
dollars). In this respect, at least, the Malmo Sunday-school is growing, and that 
under unfavorable conditions. 

The junior societies are moving along nicely. The number enrolled is increasing, 
and they are active in their work. They contribute to the Sunday-school and local 
church expenditures, and the juniors in Malmo have contributed toward the support 
of an orphan in India. 

Quite a number united with the Young People's Society during the past year. 
This organization, as usual, clothed some twenty poor children with new garments 
from head to foot, with the exception of headgear, and gave a Christmas dinner to 
some fifty aged poor. It assists in the local expenditures and contributes 300 kroner 
to the support of a native worker in China. This organization conducted a series of 
meetings last spring, which proved quite inspiring to the work. 

The Berean Bible Class continues its work, with a membership of fifteen of our 
young people. We meet every Friday evening in our home for Bible study. We 
have studied Old Testament history, the Life of Christ and Acts of the Apostles. The 
Bible Class also makes its contribution to foreign missions. 

Aid Society number two has been organized. Aid Society number one is an 
organization of the Young People's Society; number two is an organization of the 
church, whose object is to work for the local church in Malmo and to raise funds for 
our much-needed chapel here in this city. 

In the advancement of the kingdom we have nothing encouraging in number 
to report. We have had several series of meetings in the Malmo church, but no 
accessions to report. The same can be said of the Olserod church. In the Vanneberga 
church there have been some accessions. If we have not made any advancement in 
number, we feel that we have made advancement along some other lines. We have 
inaugurated plans heading toward self-support. The Malmo church has adopted 
the envelope system. We hope this will prove successful. This is a practically new 
system for Sweden. Several other denominations have adopted this system. The 
Swedes are a little slow in taking to something new, but we trust they will see 
more and more the beauty in giving systematically to the Lord's cause, and that it 
may prove a blessing to them and the work. 

We were glad for the visit of Brethren Yoder and Harnly during the summer, 


The Missionary Visitor 


but sorry Ero. Williams was called to his eternal reward, and that we did not get 
to see his face in Sweden. They gave us much encouragement. They visited all of 
our mission stations and gave interesting and helpful talks. We are sure they 
know, in at least some degree, what we have to battle with and what our needs are. 
Their time here was too short, but we were glad to have them with us thirteen days. 
We shall not forget their visit. We have often wished that we were nearer the path 
of our missionaries, passing to and from their fields of labor, so as to have oc- 
casional visits from them. Other denominations in Sweden receive much inspiration 
from the foreign missionaries, home on furlough, but we are denied these refreshing 

I-n our work there are a number of improvements that should be made for 
aggressive work. We are glad to know that the Mission Board finally has come to 
see the need of a Bible School to prepare workers for the Scandinavian field. We 
trust this need may be provided in the near future. The brother to head this work 
will also be of great help, both to the church in Denmark and Sweden, in giving 
counsel. We see much that should be accomplished. How best to proceed is not 
always easily decided. Some one near by to counsel would certainly be of great 
advantage to the work. The harvest is plenteous, but the laborers are few. Pray 
for more laborers to gather in the precious sheaves. Pray for us and the work in 
this part of God's moral vineyard. We need grace and wisdom, and the blessing 
of God to accompany the work. 

Statistical Report for 1921 





























































































-M 10 




•S c 


















































I 4| 4| 6|763[155| 65| 80 1 93|1,182| 12| 8| 4| 5| 3| 1| 3) 4|157|l,889.28l3,603.38 

The offerings represent Swedish kroner. 

J^l Annual Report 207 


Men's Evangelistic for 1921 

F. H. Crumpacker 

IN the first few months of the year our direct evangelistic work was at a standstill, 
because the most of our force was engaged in Famine Relief Work. We did 
manage to keep two or three men at the preaching to the laborers on the road. 
This was certainly a splendid expenditure of time and money. The results were fine. 
Our out-station men, who were not loaned to the relief work, kept pegging away, but 
unless they could do something to help the hungry the people would not listen to them. 
As a result we finally drew all of them either into relief directly or preaching to the 
laborers on the Red Cross operations. 

Because of pressure for time and the urgency of getting our work organized we 
did not get to hold our trainers' class for the summer, as we had done for a few years 
in the past. The workers felt disappointed because we did not do this. 

By the middle of September most of our men were back at their posts and we had 
taken on new life in our department. The colporteurs went to work with renewed ef- 
fort. Hundreds of gospel portions were either sold or given away. Their messages 
were well received practically everywhere. 

In some places we had letters of invitation from the village officials, calling us to 
come and preach to their people. In the places where we could avail ourselves of the 
opportunity they were glad to furnish us a place to live and a place for the meetings. 
Our general evangelistic campaign, that is to cover all the affected areas, was begun 
in November and just got a good start by the end of the year. We plan to go over 
all of the territory where we helped in the distribution of grain in last year's famine. 

As for conserving results we cannot say a great deal for the year. However, 
at our special meetings for the preparation of inquirers for baptisms, we had about 
120 applicants among the men alone. We were not in a position to receive all of 
them, and so as a result of the culling we could recommend only about fifty men 
whom we were ready to admit to the church by baptism. 

In- November we held our baptismal services, where eighty-four were received 
into the church. This, of course, included men, women, boys and girls. At the same 
time we held our love feast, which was the most largely attended of any love 
feast yet. 

We had to help us in these special meetings Pastor Li, of the Liao church, and 
Mr. Chen, of the Shou Yang Mission. These men did for us very acceptable 
work, and we are glad to see what the Chinese can do with their own people. 

When we take into account all of the necessary hindrances that came to our 
work, it was certainly a great year for the giving of the Gospel to the people in 
our district. 

Our force at present includes a lay evangelist at each of our six out-stations, 
four colporteurs, a man in charge at the street reading room, a Chinese pastor on 
full time, and a lay evangelist to work with and among the sick in the hospital, 
and the men's hospital force. Pastor Yin has been granted a two years' leave of 
absence for further preparation in Bible study. 

We close the year with joy in our hearts for victories won and longings for 
greater things for the year 1922. 

Ping Ting Chou. 

Men's Bible Training School 
I. E. Oberholtzer 
UR Bible Training School for men opened in the fall of 1920, and at this writing 
we have just closed the first term of the second year. Another term, and this, 
our first class, will have completed the scope of work planned for it. The 
Lord has been good, indeed, in giving to teachers and pupils good health during the 


208 The Missionary Visitor J«j 2 e 

y,ear. The pupils have been industrious in their work and quite regular in attendance. 
We hope that we may not be disappointed in our anticipations as to these men 
becoming useful and trusty servants in the Master's service. The mission has waited 
long and prayed often for this realization. 

At the opening of the school year last fall no new pupils were admitted. 
Our church membership does not have sufficient material in it to warrant the start- 
ing of a new class each year. We do not throw the school open to all those who 
want to attend and study the Bible. Care needs to be exercised against those enter- 
ing the church with ulterior motives. There are those who are not nearly so eager 
to learn of God's Word as they are of finding a means to a living. Our observation 
in China has led us to believe that a two years' course in a Bible school is not 
necessary for everyday Christian living, especially during the period when the church 
is in its infancy. The school is conducted primarily for the training of Christian 
teachers and lay evangelists. By the different stations carefully selecting a small 
number of promising young men every two years for our school, we hope to meet 
the growing needs of our mission. 

The work of the school is broader than the mere study of the classroom. We 
ask the pupils to do a great variety of practical evangelistic work within the reaches 
of Ping Ting Chou. Last year they were used in distributing famine relief and preach- 
ing to those receiving help. During this period of the Chinese new year Bro. Crum- 
packer is enlisting all the men in an evangelistic campaign that is to cover a large 
area and is to be continued for forty days. They teach in our Sunday-school and 
regularly visit the near-by villages. Most of this is done under the supervision of a 
foreigner, who advises and directs by helpful criticism. 

It should be stated that this is a general mission school, serving all the stations 
of the mission. Any station can send a pupil to us for training. It should not be con- 
fused with the Bible teaching that is done in each of our stations. Each station does 
a great amount of Bible teaching in its own territory in the form of inquirers' classes, 
station classes, and short-term Bible institutes. 

Ping Ting Boys' School for Sept. 1 to Dec. 31, 1921 

E. D. Vaniman 

SEPTEMBER 1 the writer arrived at Ping Ting from furlough and was given 
charge of the boys' school by Bro. Bowman. 

The Ping Ting Boys' School opened September 6 with ninety-one students 
enrolled and all teachers present. Only one of the teachers was of the old school. 
He taught Chinese reading and history in the first four grades. Two of the new 
teachers were graduates from our own school here. One had been at the provincial 
capital for two years, and now is head teacher in the lower primary department or 
the first four grades. The other finished four years of high school last spring and is 
replacing the teacher of the old school in the teaching of Chinese reading and com- 
position in the sixth, seventh and eighth grades. He-is doing excellent work. 

We are truly glad to have some of our own students ready to be the teachers in 
our schools. One of the teachers in our out-station schools is a graduate who, when 
first taken into our school, was a beggar boy in rags and full of sores. His school 
is now taking the lead of the out-station schools. 

There has been more sickness this year than usual, due no doubt to last year's 
famine. There were three cases of relapsing fever and one of typhus in September. 
The doctors advised that we fumigate to get rid of the lice, which carry these diseases. 
The boys were put to work in the morning, pasting strips of paper over all cracks 
around the windows and doors of their rooms. They also hung their clothes and 
bedding on ropes stretched across their rooms. Then sulphur was burned in the 

Jgne Annual Report 209 

rooms till evening. When the doors were opened the yard was darkened by the 
cloud of fumes. That evening all were required to bathe and put on clean clothes or 
go to bed. All the clothes they had worn during the day were then hung in a small 
room and fumigated till morning. This was no small task for nearly 100 boys. It 
seems to have stopped these diseases in the school. 

Then in December scarlet fever broke out in the school. Four boys and one 
of the teachers were confined in the hospital for six weeks on account of the fever. 
With the prompt and excellent care of the medical department here all have re- 
covered nicely. This epidemic of scarlet fever forced us to give up the rendering 
•of our Christmas Pageant which the Boys' and Girls' Schools, together with the 
Men's and Women's Bible Schools, were preparing. Sunday services were held in 
the schools and for about three weeks all worked and played together under 

During November there were three weeks' special evangelistic services and eighteen 
schoolboys were received into the church. These were a part of the total of eighty- 
four baptised at this time. Three of these boys were from from our out-station schools. 

W<£ are trying to make our schools models in our district. Therefore, quality, 
rathe* than quantity, is stressed. 

Let us thank and praise our kind Father for his care and blessing in using our 
schools to spread the good news of his kingdom! 

Liao Chou Boys* School for the Year 1921 

N. A. Seese 

THE school has enjoyed a very successful year. The enrollment has been all 
' that we could expect, namely, full to our capacity. During the first part 
of the year famine work took me from the school much of the time. The steward 
also gave much time to famine work, and so some of the work of administration was 
not executed as it should have been. Owing to this and the fact that the famine 
pinched very severely some of the homes from which our pupils come, we were 
unable to collect all of the food money, but we managed to keep the class work going 

The school is now more nearly on a self-supporting basis than it has been any 
time since I have been connected with it. To be sure, our budget is not growing 
smaller, but our budget from the Board has only increased from Mex. $3,200 to Mex. 
$4,000, while 'our student body has doubled in number. The fact that we can 
put a larger part of the burden of the running expense on the Chinese now than 
we formerly could shows an increasing interest in education. 

The standard of work done in the classroom I feel certain has been up to that 
•of any previous year. I think in most respects it is better. It is very difficult, without 
applying scientific tests, to know which way your standard is moving. In a com- 
munity where there are many up-to-date schools there is some chance to test by com- 
parison. Though that method can be trusted only to a limited extent, we are denied 
even that. 

Our teaching staff, considering Pastor Li a part of it, is equal in scholarship 
to that of any previous year. I think it is no better in that respect than it was last 
year. From the standpoint of interest in the welfare of the school it is better than 
in any former year. I feel this interest is due in no small part to our institute last 
summer. It is also due in part to the personnel of our faculty. The institute has helped 
our teachers in many ways. They are not perfect now, even exemplary, in many 
respects, but at least some of the crudities have been knocked off. I think it is a 
far better plan to develop our own teaching staff than to try to get a good staff 
by constantly changing. It is impossible not to change sometimes, but a minimum, 


210 The Missionary Visitor J"J 2 e 

of this and a maximum of help by institutes, etc., I consider a much better plan. 
If we can get the instructors, Liao Chou will be favored with an institute next summer. 

At the close of each year, as I take an inventory of the achievements, however 
encouraging some of them may be, I am always conscious -of the shortcomings 
of the school. I hope that my successor may be able to overcome many of these. 

The out-station schools are about as in past years. The difficulty of properly 
looking after these schools makes improvement very slow. I have no hope that 
they will attain to a very high standard until the local churches at these places get 
back of them with interest. 

Statistics — Number of Pupils 

Liao Chou, H. P., '. 75 

Liao Chou, L. P., 118 

Yu She, L. P, 50 

Ho Shun, L. P., 30 

Total for L. P. and H. P., '., 273 

Liao High School, 19 

This is the first year we have had a high school here; in fact, the first we have 
had in the mission, and the results are very encouraging. 

Shou Yang, Shansi, 1921 Boys' School Report 

B. M. Flory 

THE school work during the last year was pleasing in every way. Increased 
interest in the development and management of the school was manifest by 
the Chinese teachers. A marked growth of interest and support by both parents 
and pupils was noticeable. The average enrollment for the year was seventy. 

The spring term closed June 25, each of the boys in attendance having passed a 
successful examination. The enrollment was sixty-five. This commencement will be 
especially remembered for several reasons. It marks the date of graduation of the 
first class to complete the lower primary. Nine promising boys stepped forward and 
received graduation certificates. The city official was present and delivered a splendid 
address. He also took an active part in other features of the program. In the after- 
noon the first public athletic meet was held. The official also returned for this part 
of the day's program. Several hundred people gathered upon the school court to wit- 
ness the first exhibition of foreign athletic stunts at Shou Yang. Winning teams re- 
ceived many valuable presents from friends and business men of the town. 

The fall term opened Sept. 8 with eighty boys enrolled. Twenty-five were re- 
fused admittance because of our limited building capacity. The year's work ended 
Jan. 18, with regular examinations, after which the boys went home for the Chinese 
New Year. During the term student activities were prominent. The athletic associa- 
tion undertook to raise funds for a complete set of athletic goods. A play was pre- 
pared, to which the business men of the city were invited. After the play they were 
solicited for funds. When the drive closed the association had raised about fifty 
dollars from the Chinese. A student self-government association was organized and did 
splendid work in keeping order in the rooms and about the grounds. 

The financial report is as follows: Total expenditures for the year, $2,194.59, Mex.; 
total receipts, $406.32, Mex.; total spent by Mission Board, $1,788.27, Mex.; total spent 
per day, $31.35, Mex.; total spent by board per day, $25.54, Mex.; total spent by board 
per day (rate of two Mexican for one gold), $12.77 gold; total spent per boy per day, 
$1.16, Mex.; total spent by board per boy per day, $.0945 Mex.; total spent by board per 
boy per day, $.0472, gold. 

J™ e Annual Report 211 

Considering the report from a purely monetary viewpoint, the board is spending 
too much money. A greater percentage should come from the pupils themselves. As 
the Chinese awake to the true merits of education they will be willing to give more. 
Our duty is to awaken them to this ideal by efficiency in the school and by the product 
sent out from the school. We must work gradually to realize a larger percentage of 
the expenditure from local receipts. 

From a little different viewpoint the figures show that the church in America 
spent $.0472 per day on each boy while in the school, or gave that amount per day to 
have the boy under Christian influence. During the next half century the Lord surely 
will reap a harvest of souls in this community as a result of this investment. This 
is the beginning of a new era in Shou Yang. 

Were sufficient sleeping rooms added the enrollment could be increased by fifty 
boys next year. There is a good opportunity here and the need for the new school 
building is pressing. 

Girls' School, Ping Ting Chou, Shansi, China, 1921 

Minerva Metzger 

IN 1915, when the present school-buildings were erected, they seemed very spacious, 
but by the beginning of the year 1921 we were compelled to turn some away 
because of the lack of room. Eighty were enrolled. In the village schools sixty 
were enrolled. 

All about us were famine and disease, but we were protected. By quarantine, 
sanitation, preventive measures, and the care of a loving Heavenly Father, not one of 
the pupils was stricken with relapsing fever or typhus. Again, at Christmas time we 
were saved from scarlet fever. This has not only helped the pupils to realize the value 
of quarantine, but also greatly strengthened their faith in God. 

During the spring semester, Chou Pao Chuan, aged thirteen, was redeemed by 
Mrs. Crumpacker. She had been engaged to be married to a wicked man, twenty-four 
years old. School, happy childhood, freedom, looked better to her than the marriage 
her father had arranged for her. Sunday morning found her in tears, for she was to 
leave to get ready for her wedding on Tuesday. By Sunday evening she was released 
from this engagement. God had blessed her with unmeasured joy. 

In June seven were graduated from the lower primary and four from the higher 
primary. All are continuing their studies. The lower primary graduates have en- 
tered our higher primary, and of the others, three are in middle school and one has 
entered our Nurses' Training School. 

In November ten of the girls and the gate woman were baptized. Most of 
them were daughters of Christians, who rejoiced to see their little ones follow 
Jesus. Several of these are now helping to teach the cooks and gate woman the 
phonetic script, songs and Bible stories. 

Report of Liao Chou Girls' School for 1921 

Laura Shock 

THE year opened with the first term of the year nearing its close, and with an 
enrollment of fifty-three pupils. This was the first term when we had all the 
classes in both lower and higher primary departments. During the Chinese 
New Year vacation some of the teachers and pupils spent several days in evangelistic 
work, preaching and singing the Gospel Story in a number of villages near Liao Chou. 
This work fell largely to the native Christians, as the foreigners were at that time 
out invest : gating and making plans for famine relief work. 

With the opening of the spring term another Chinese teacher was invited, and 

212 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

the enrollment reached seventy-three. A few of these came in because of famine con- 
ditions, for even though the amount charged for board had been recently increased, 
parents could still more easily pay it than feed the child at home, as the price of 
millet, and most other foods as well, had nearly doubled. However, part of the 
increase was due to the fact that a number of both Christian and non-Christian young 
men desired the girls, to whom they were already betrothed, to have some education, 
and made arrangements for them to enter our school. There is also a growing 
appreciation for education among girls and women, for which we are exceedingly glad 
after the years of effort to bring them to this point. 

As Sister Cripe, who was then still in charge of the school, was giving half time 
most of the spring term to famine relief and Red Cross work — which was also really 
famine relief work — it was sometimes with difficulty that the regular routine of school 
work was continued. This also made it impossible to make the usual semiannual 
visits to the out-station schools, though these were carried on by our native Christian 
teachers with a total enrollment of forty-five pupils. 

Since the school is in the new plant, so generously given us by Sister Eliza 
Sweitzer, of Pennsylvania, we have endeavored to establish a library, mostly with 
local funds from the Chinese. At the time of the dedication of the buildings, money 
was donated to the amount of nearly $15 gold, entirely from the gentry of the city. 
At the close of the spring term this year the girls prepared and rendered a program 
for the entertainment of the community. Tickets were sold for first-class seats at 
about 12 cents gold, and second-class seats at about 6 cents each. All the tickets issued 
were sold, and the girls realized about $16 gold for their effort for the library. One of 
the stories played was " The Prodigal Son," and another was one demonstrating the 
contrast between a Liao Chou girl, educated, and one who was not educated. With 
the proceeds of this entertainment a number of books, both educational and religious, 
were added to the library, which was opened as a sort of public library, to be used 
not only by the girls in school but also by those people in the city who wished to 
avail themselves of the opportunity of reading good books free. 

The close of the spring term this year marks an epoch in the history of the Sweitzer 
Memorial Girls' School when, at this time, our first class was graduated from the 
higher primary department. Although there were but two girls in the class, the 
event created no little excitement, not only in the school but also in the city, as they 
were the first girls in the Liao Chou district to receive such honors. It seemed to 
put new impetus into the hearts of other girls to strive to reach the same goal. 

Soon after the close of the spring term Sister Cripe's labors with the school 
ceased, and the work was turned over to Sister Shock, who is now in charge of the 

The fall term opened with only fifty pupils. The price of food had again been 
advanced to somewhat near the cost of keeping a child at home. Hence, some of 
those who had come in for the benefit of famine aid did not return. 

One of the girls, who was to have graduated next spring, was called to Shou 
Yang to teach in the Girls' School at that place. While it delays her graduation for 
a year, it has attracted the attention of the townspeople, and they are able to see more 
clearly some of the benefits of educating their girls. We hope, as others go out to 
take their place in the world or for further study, that the interest in education for 
girls may increase continually. 

During the fall term seven of the girls were baptized into the church. At Christ- 
mas a program was given by the school, consisting mainly of two plays, one of 
which was arranged by the teachers. The children had invited their parents to come, 
and had given of their own money to pay for a little treat for them. Thus they are 
learning a little of the spirit of giving. Will you pray with us that all the Christian 

J™ e ' Annual Report 213 

graces may be embodied in their lives, and that they may become useful citizens in 
the kingdom of God? 

Show Yang Boys' School 

V. Grace Clapper 

DURING the spring of 1921 we had an enrollment of forty-five pupils, about 
one-third of which number were day pupils from near-by homes. Naturally 
the attendance was not so good as it might have been had all the girls been 
boarding students, for day pupils so easily fall a prey to toothaches and stomachaches 
about examination time, or when a married sister or some other relative comes to 
spend a few days in the home. Because of the poor attendance of day pupils, and be- 
cause of lack of room, we decided at the beginning of the fall term to take in no 
day pupils, provided we could get enough boarding pupils to fill up the house. As 
a result, we enrolled thirty-eight girls, which was quite full, considering the fact that 
we had only seven beds; nevertheless, we could have wedged in a few more, so far 
as sleeping room was concerned. At this time the price of food was also increased 
three hundred cash, so that while the enrollment was smaller than the previous 
year, we felt we had a better class of students. During the fall term the attendance 
was better than ever before, not only because there were no day pupils, but also 
because there were not so many " Kao Chias " (permits) granted to go home to attend 
birthday parties, funerals, and weddings of relatives distant and near. Our greatest 
difficulty during the fall term was the hiring of a lady teacher to help in the wor£ 
After two weeks of shifting along as best we could we suceeded in hiring Miss Li, 
a student of the Liao Chou Higher Primary School. She is a good Christian girl, and 
while young, inexperienced, and not far along in her education, she has done com- 
paratively good work. We are eagerly looking forward to the time when our own 
mission schools will be able to supply us with- more advanced teachers. The Christ- 
mas season brought with it the usual amount of joy and good cheer, and the prospects 
for the new year are encouraging. 
Show Yang Hsien, Shansi. 

Ping Ting Chou Medical Work for 1921 

Fred J. Wampler, M. D. 

THE record for the year has not been kept as fully and accurately as usual. 
This was largely due to the famine relief work taking so much of the writer's 
time that record keeping was not properly supervised. It was also partly 
due to changing the system of records in May, when the hospital was crowded to 
overflowing and everybody so busy that the new system did not get properly started. 
During the period of famine relief work I was so busy with helping to direct relief 
measures in this locality that sometimes only a few hours per week were given to advice 
on medical and hospital work. In my absence, the two nurses, Misses Flory and 
Rider, looked after many of the details of the management of the hospital in a very 
creditable manner. 

At the beginning of the year, the men's and women's departments of the hospital 
were still separated, the latter being in the city and the men being in the women's 
part of the new hospital system in the East Suburb. During April the men's work 
was moved into the new building for men, and the women were moved into their new 
quarters in the new system. Work is so much more satisfactory now, since we can 
take care of both the men and women close together and under one management. 
We will not only be able to treat more patients, but to treat them much better at a 
smaller cost. 

We certainly appreciate the convenient and commodious Administration Building 


The Missionary Visitor 


built by the Sisters' Aid Societies of the Brotherhood and furnished by the United 
Student Volunteers. The P. S. Miller Ward Pavilion is now the main ward for the 
women patients and the Roanoke Operating Pavilion is the operating room for all 
our patients. These two pavilions were built by the Roanoke City church, Va. 
H. M. Miller, architect, Roanoke, Va., donated his services as architect for these build- 

Mission Hospital at Ping Ting 
Money to Erect the Building. Sisters' Aid Society; Electric Light Plant, Elder John H. Garst and 
Wife; Architect, Brother H. M. Miller 

ings. At the close of the year plans were under way to put in an electric lighting 
plant for the hospital. This plant is being donated by Eld. J. H. Garst and wife, 
of Sebring, Fla. The Rhodes Memorial Ward serves at present as a home for the 
foreign nurses. As the patients increase, this will be used for women patients and 
a new residence will be built for the nurses. This ward was built by funds furnished 
by L. A. Rhodes, of Iowa, in memory of his son, who died during the war. 

There are a few diseases among those treated in the hospital during the year that 
stand out prominently. Relapsing fever was by far the most common. There was 
also considerable typhus fever. These two diseases are fevers that go along with 
poverty and -filth, and therefore are quite often prevalent in famine years. The 
nursing staff was much overworked when these diseases were at their height. As all 
the nurses were in the dispensary during the out-patient clinic, and received these 
people into the hospital, both of the foreign and four of the Chinese nurses were 
infected with these diseases. Two had typhus fever and four had relapsing fever. 
Fortunately, none of the cases were very severe and all recovered. 

Fractures and accident cases, both from the American Red Cross road work and 
the adjacent mining region, led in the surgical work. Osteomalacia was the cause of 
the Caesarian section operation being performed on fifteen mothers. 

The staff, in addition to myself and the two foreign nurses, consisted of Han 
Hung-teh, M. D.; Kao Ming Chih, M. D.; Pien Hsin Ling, druggist and technician; 
evangelist; Chinese business man; seven men pupil nurses; three women pupil nurses. 
Dr. Kao was here only about two and a half months. He was sent in and his salary 
paid by the American Red Cross to substitute for my time. 

Two training schools for nurses are conducted by the hospital staff and other 
members of the station. 

The training school for men was established in 1920. During the year we had 
one pupil in the second year class and four in the first year class. There were two 

J™£ Annual Report 215 

others as probationers, who were not elected to take up the course. Miss Flory 
is superintendent of this training school as well as superintendent of the nursing work 
in the men's department of the hospital. 

The training school for women was started during the year. There were two 
pupil nurses in training and one probationer who did not succeed in entering the 
course. Miss Rider is superintendent of the women's training school and also superin- 
tendent of the nursing in the women's department of the hospital. 

The expenses for the year were Mex. $6,364.18 on the field and gold $224.15 in 
America. The food in the women's department is taken care of by special arrange- 
ment, and is not included in these expenses. Were this added, the total expenses for 
the year would be more than Mex. $7,000. The receipts locally were Mex. $4,418.93. 
This also does not include receipts for the board in the women's department. Of this 
amount Mex. $1,799.65 came from the American Red Cross in payment for the sick 
and accident cases entering the hospital from the road work. 

In the hospital during the year there were 704 men, 123 women, and four foreign 
cases, making a total of 831 cases. There were 157 major operations and 300 minor 
operations. The out-patient department was as follows: 

First calls, men, 2,300 

First calls, women, 293 

Total first calls, 2,593 

Total treatments, men, 6,295 

Total treatments, women, 2,008 

Total treatments, 8,303 

Ping Ting Chou, Shansi. 

Report of the Liao Chou Medical Department for 1921 

D. L. Horning, M. D. 

CONCERNING the first three months of the year we have little to report, as 
during most of that time we were still in the Language School in Peking. Hav- 
ing completed our work there we came interior March 18, stopping for a short 
time at Ping Ting Chou, helping to prepare for an expected epidemic of typhus and 
relapsing fevers, coming to Liao Chou about the middle of April. 

Dr. Brubaker having already returned home on furlough, the personnel of the 
hospital staff on arriving was as follows: Mrs. Pollock, R. N.; Dr. Yuan, our Chinese 
doctor; Mr. and Mrs. Jung, Chinese nurses; and Mr. Yu, our hospital evangelist. 
Having spent the summer of 1920 at Liao Chou the work was not altogether new to 
us. However, most of our time during the months of April and May was spent in 
building and famine relief work. Dr. Yuan continuing to care for the routine work 
of the hospital. An isolation building with eight rooms, and a delouser; with laundry 
attached, were completed. 

The latter part of May and the first half of June, Dr. Horning spent most of his 
time on the road, taking care of those who became sick while working on the 
construction of the new cart and auto road from Ping Ting to Liao Chou. The epidemic 
which we feared came, as in times of famine it most surely will, and the hospital 
was filled to overflowing. Hundreds of those contracting the fever had to be cared 
for as best as we could in the camps along the road. Relapsing and typhus fevers are 
carried by the louse, so in order to get rid of the lice we constructed a hot room 
in which the workmen's clothes were baked, in addition sending out ironing squads 
of six men each, who with hot irons, ironed the working men's clothing right at 
the place of work. These methods, along with the copious use of kerosene, gradually 
diminished the force of the epidemic after not a few lives had been sacrificed, 

216 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

About this tirriie Mrs. Pbiloek, who, in addition to tier work in the hospital, had 
been working ih famine relief, went to the coast for a much-needed rest, Mrs. Horning 
taking her place in the hospital and assisting some iii the Red Cross Relief work. 

On one of the trips made over the road Dr. Horning contracted typhus and for 
nearly two months was confined to his bed. In the meantime Dr. Yuan's term of 
service with us expired, and Mr. and Mrs. Jung were left to manage the hospital 
practically alone for several weeks until Dr. Kao, a Chinese physician, who had as- 
sisted us in famine relief, returned. At the present time he is still with us and doing 
very good work. 

Throughout the year Mr. Yu, our hospital evangelist* has been faithfully preaching 
the Wo^d to ail who feriter the hospital. His daily rjfbgrarri is as follows : In the wards, 
prayer, singing, and teaching ih the' rribrriirig; arid at iWo P. M. iri the chapel, preaching 
for thosfe waiting for treatment; £>tiririg the year tiventy-five patients gave* in their 
harries as desiring tb kriow more of the dbctririe. Two former patients; Mr. Pai arid 
Mr. Liu; were baptized. Mr. Liu is aid iririkeeper; Mr. Pai; how teaching iri one 
bi our but-statibh Schbois, had been bitten by a dog arid on first enteririg the hospital 
opposed the Word; refusing tb listeri. Little by little the kind treatment accorded 
hihi \vOri him bver arid ribw he is a faithful witness fbr jesiis. We hope iri the near 
future tb have a follow-up evangelist, who can better reap the fruits from seeds sown 
while patients are in the hospital. Although we have been reasonably busy throughout 
the year, our hope is that as we get the language better in hand and. do more itinerating 
the number of patients coming for treatment will rapidly increase, thus bringing more 
and more within hearing of the gospel truths. 

Medical Report for Year 1921 

Men Women 

Inpatients, 592. 42 

Major Minor 

Operations, 16 Not recorded 

dispensary Men Women 

New, 1,353 246 

Returns, 4,402 483 

Men Women 

Seen on out trips, ........ . 105 *. 35 

Total number of treatments for the year, 7,258 

Men's Evangelistic Work, Shou Yang Hsien, Shansi, China, 1921 

Walter J. Heisey 

IF we look upon the success or failure of missionary work as depending upon the 
number of people added to the church roll, then we must consider the men's 
evangelistic work at Shou Yang for the year 1921 as a failure, for during the past 
year there have been no accessions to the church. However, if the success of our work 
is not measured solely by the number of people added to the church roll, then we can. 
|ook Upon the year's work with a degree of enpouragement and hope for the .coming 

It is generally conceded that it is more difficult to revive a work that is lagging 
than to build new. Again, it is generally conceded that to establish a self-supporting, 
self-propagating church, requires more time and patience than to build a church more 
largely dependent upon foreign funds. Our problem at Shou Yang is to revive a 
phurch whose life was all but crushed out t»y persecution, and our goal is a self- 
supporting, self-propagating church. 

During the greater part of the year the head of the department was away, either 


Annual Report 


in famine relief work or upon his interfurlough vacation. In his absence the work 
was faithfully supervised by Bro. B. M. Flory, the greater part of the preaching 
being done by the native evangelists and school-teachers. 

What for the time seemed the most discouraging for our work, but which proved 
to be a big advertisement, was the downfall and dismissal of our most trusted and best 
qualified native evangelist. The local Chinese people learned through this unfortunate 
experience that the church stands for truth and uprightness of morals above every- 
thing else, and as a result their respect and confidence in the work seems greater 
than before. 

In reviewing the year's work we can note "many things for which we are most 
thankful, and which gives us hope for the future of the work. Foremost among 

Explaining the Scriptures to a Small Group of Villagers 

these we can note that there are signs of real life among our evangelists, Chinese 
helpers, and the few baptized Christians. The Chinese helpers seem to have gotten 
the vision of the responsibility to God of their work, and not merely to the foreigner 
in charge. The local Christians are seeking to lead others to accept Christ. One 
of the men, of seemingly no ability, has brought more than ten people to church 
within the last six months. 

The two out-stations, Pei Ho and Ch'ing Ch'uan, seem to have taken on new life. 
The attendance at both places has more than trebled during the last year. 
This is not due to outside evangelists, but to the interest of the local people. At 
present we preach at each of these places only twice a month, there being no evan- 
gelist located at either place. 

The local people are taking more interest in our work as the days go by. We 
are welcomed any place we choose to go. There are the daily callers, who come in 
to spend a few minutes talking with the foreigner. They really have no business other 
than to visit. This is encouraging, and is important to the work. It is through this 
personal contact that we hope to break down the prejudice of years of persecution 
and indifference. 

Circumstances and general progress in the work are not all that we could 

218 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

desire, but we are thankful to see the general trend of sentiment and interest in the 
direction of the goal to which we are working. We hope, through your faithful 
support in prayer and fund, to be able to report some definite gains for the kingdom 
by the end of another year. 

Men's Evangelistic Work, Liao Chou, Shansi, 1921 

E. M. Wampler 

WHEN we look back into the old year we can see many places where, if we 
had tfre year to live over, with the knowledge we now have of it, there could 
be many improvements. But since this is impossible we will review some of 
the points of interest of the work. Bro. R. C. Flory's furlough being due in the 
spring, and wanting me to get acquainted with the details as much as possible before 
he left the field, he turned over the books and the work at the beginning of the year. 
So the plans for the year were talked over with Bro. Flory and the work started off 
as usual. 

The first particular effort of the year was made the last of February during the 
week of the Chinese New Year celebrations. This year the Chinese pastor, with the 
school teachers, took care of the work at Liao Chou. Three of the schoolboys and 
I went to Yu She Hsien. The evangelist there, with the church members, assisted, 
and over twenty villages were visited. About two thousand men, women and children 
listened to the Gospel. At Liao Chou over thirty-five villages were visited and over 
two thousand five hundred heard. During the week over sixty villages had the Gospel 
preached in them, and about five thousand men, women and children heard the gospel 
message. There were one thousand six hundred Gospels sold and over two thousand 
tracts distributed. Altogether it was the largest sale of Gospels and greatest number 
of .people reached that we have ever had at Liao Chou during evangelistic week. 

At the close of this the famine work began to command considerable attention, 
and in less than one month it had practically engulfed all of the evangelistic workers, 
both Chinese and foreign. The real evangelistic work stopped, except the preach- 
ing at the chapel on Sunday, and even some of these services were omitted dur- 
ing the greatest effort of the famine work. As the evangelists went out I told them 
not to preach, but to take care of the hungry, and later we would preach. When 
the work started on the Red Cross road I put preachers at some of the central 
places to preach to the workers during their rest hours. By the last of August these 
men had enrolled over two hundred inquirers — men who wanted to know more about 
the Gospel: 

September was taken up in language study and planning for the fall campaign. 
During the five weeks' Bible class effort from the 24th of October to November 27, 
we planned to reach out and follow up all of the famine and Red Cross work as 
much as possible. Realizing the hardship to the people of leaving their homes and 
coming to Liao Chou for the Bible class, we decided to carry these classes to each 
of the out-stations for one week, and invited all to come to Liao Chou for a two 
weeks' meeting at the close of the efforts. All of these meetings were very success- 
ful. At the three out-stations we had an average attendance of forty-one and an enroll- 
ment of over sixty. About half of these came to Liao Chou for part or all of the 
classes here. At Liao Chou we had an average attendance of fifty, and an enroll- 
ment of eighty-five. The spirit was fine and the men seemed to be sincece. You 
could go to our little chapel when our classes were in session, or when they were 
not, and you could hear the men trying to learn to sing a song or quote some one of 
the ten commandments, or part of the. Sermon on the Mount. It was a busy school 
for two weeks, and all got something in that time.. I wish you could have heard 
them sing the first time and then have, heard them sing two weeks later. On 

J^ 2 e Annual Report 219 

Saturday, November 26, we had our baptizing services and twenty-one were admitted 
into the church. On Sunday evening we had our communion services, which closed 
our meetings. 

During the year over two hundred men have expressed a desire to know more 
about the Gospel, and were enrolled as inquirers; forty-one were added to the church 
by baptism. Two villages have called for a preacher to come to them and teach 
them about Christ. The room for worship is furnished' entirely by the Chinese. 
At one of these places we have preaching every Sunday; at the other, every two weeks. 
This is the first step made by the Chinese church toward self-support and self- 
direction. Pray that we may direct in such a way that they may become full-grown 
churches, shedding the light of Christianity in their villages so that others may see 
and be brought in touch with the true God and Savior Jesus Christ. We look 
forward into the new year with much hope for a great harvest for the Christian church 
in the Liao section. 

Woman's Work— Ping Ting Chou, 1921 

Emma Horning 

IN October I returned from furlough and resumed my work among the women 
and children of Ping Ting. During my absence the work had been very ably 
cared for by Miss Laura Shock. A healthy growth is noted in every line of 
the work. 

Two weeks in November were spent in station classes for the inquirers, preparing 
them for baptism. During the same time a class was held for the Christian women, 
inspiring them to deeper Christian experience. At the close of the class fourteen 
were baptized. 

Mrs. Chang, one of the women who was baptized, had been the wife of an official 
at Tai Yuan Fu. Suddenly her husband and beautiful son died, leaving her a childless 
widow. She then went to live with her brother and wife, where she was very sad 
and unhappy. Finding no way of escape from her sorrows she tried three times to 
poison herself, but did not succeed. At last she heard about our woman's school and 
her brother consented to her coming. Here she found peace and happiness and her 
soul was satisfied. She is now one of our best Bible women, teaching in the school 
and in the homes. Each week she teaches some thirty women in their homes. All 
the women like her very much, and she is especially welcome in the best class homes 
of the city. She is now praying that her brother and family will find the same 
Christian joy that has come to her. 

Our woman's school is preparing a number of Bible women for work, and we are 
delighted to be able to send some of them out alone in the villages to teach. When 
school closed, Dec. 9, we sent six out by twos to live and teach in certain villages. 
After two weeks they returned for Christmas with the following report: Ten villages 
were covered, in which 436 compounds were visited. Each compound contains a 
number of homes. In all, 4,013 people were told the gospel story during the two weeks. 
They were well received, and the enthusiastic report they gave reminded one of the 
return of the disciples after their tour through the villages of Galilee. They expect 
to continue this work throughout the winter. 

While the women were teaching in the villages they found a number of young 
women who still insist on binding their feet in defiance of the strict laws against it. 
They also found many women who belong to a secret society which worships Heaven 
in secret at night. They have three words which they dare tell no one. Our Gov. 
Yien has forbidden all secret societies, but these still exist. Our Bible women do all 
they can to teach the foolishness and injury of footbinding, and also teach them how 
to worship God in the true way and not in secret. 

In the city two Bible women are kept busy each day teaching some fifty women 


The Missionary Visitor 


in the homes each week. The most of these women cannot attend school or public 
services, so are taught to read and know the Gospel in this way at home. Since back 
from furlough I am making a thorough canvass of the city, renewing old acquaintances, 
making new friends, encouraging the Christians, and organizing new reading classes 
wherever they are desired. 

At Christmas time hundreds of children were made happy with the scrapbooks 
and other things sent out by the Vacation Bible Schools of America. There were 


■IBB Is 

W£m Mi 

*>«% . ■■■■ -F ^ 
■•* ' h 




i i 

This Is What Happens to Bible Picture Rolls Sent From America 

enough of the lovely scrapbooks for all the mission school pupils and the pupils of 
government girls' schools of the city. 

We count our many blessings, and rejoice that the light is scattering the darkness 
among the women of this place. 

Women's Country Evangelistic Work for Ping Ting for 1921 

Anna Crumpacker, Anna V. Blough 

THE total number of country women, thus far received into church fellowship, 
is twelve. Eight of these, were baptized in 1921. They represent six villages. 
The last months of the year we were busy in our country field. Aside 
from some touring and special visitations, four village classes were held. During 
these classes, two regular sessions were held daily. Part of each session was given to 
Bible teaching and part to teaching the women to read the new phonetic script. 
There were some in each of these places who learned to read, and others caught the 
inspiration to learn when another opportunity is afforded. Our evenings were often 
spent in helping some one to read or in telling some interested party more of the 
gospel story. We also visited in a number of homes. 

We were made most happy at the close of one class when six women publicly 
expressed their desire to follow Jesus. One of these was the wife of the most in- 
fluential man of the village. Her husband, though not a Christian, was happy over his 
wife's decision, and promised to assist her to the next class, when we hope she may 
receive baptism. 

Five miles from another place where we were working a woman twenty-seven 

J™ e Annual Report 221 

years of age heard of our class work. She arranged with her brother to care for her 
three children, while she came, came over to class for a few days. She was an unusual 
pupil, both in learning to read and in remembering Bible stories. The Lord is lighting 
many lamps in these dark places. 

Another class was held in one of the most remote villages of our territory. It 
is beautifully situated among the rugged mountains. The greater part of these people 
had never seen a white woman before, consequently a large number came from curiosity. 
Some were really interested in our mission, however, and walked three miles to hear 
more of the Christ. 

Miss Frances Wang, of the W. C. T. U., visited two of our out-stations. She took 
her college work in America. She is a Chinese woman of rare culture and ability 
and has accomplished a great deal, not only for the cause of temperance, but also 
for the education and Christian development of Chinese womanhood. 

The first months of 1922 will be spent in the district which suffered so severely 
from famine in 1921. Though the famine seemed such a tragedy, we believe that 
many are forsaking their idols and will find the Living God. 

Liao Women's City Work for 1921 

Anna M. Hutchison 

THE past year, because of famine conditions, has been one of unusual interruptions 
in our regular mission work, and thus our report of the same must necessarily 
be limited. But may we not believe that administering to the poor and suffer- 
ing is as truly mission work as teaching and preaching the Gospel, though only a 
different phase of it? 

The early part of the year was spent in visiting and teaching in homes in the city 
and near-by villages. Then, in the latter part of February, we opened our two months' 
spring session of school for our women, with an enrollment of over thirty. At the 
close of the first month, however, so urgent was the call for more helpers in the famine 
work, that I left the school in charge of the one native lady teacher, with my Bible 
woman as assistant, to get along as best they could, though limited in help, while 
I went out into the country some thirty miles to the east and south of Liao, and spent 
several weeks investigating in the homes preparatory to giving out famine relief. 
Then came the work of the Red Cross in building the splendid motor road we now 
have between Ping Ting and' Liao, in the helping of which I spent several weeks re- 
cruiting famine workmen for the road. Later I was stationed at Ping Wang Tien, 
ten miles north of Liao, where for three months we gave out daily rations to workmen 
on the road. 

In all the above work there were both pleasant and unpleasant features, and 
though we regretted being away from our regular work for so long, we were glad for 
the experience in the famine work and trust we were enabled to do some little 
good in His name. Again, we spent about a month and a half in the city till October 
3, when we started to Ping Ting to attend our yearly Conference. 

Following Conference week Sister Anna Blough and Winnie Cripe and myself 
spent our vacation of three weeks in visiting among other mission stations in Shansi, 
west and southwest of our own stations. In all, we visited two American Board 
stations, six China Inland Mission stations, and made a short visit to the English 
Baptist Mission at Tai Yuan Fu, a most enjoyable, and, we feel, profitable trip 

An occasional such trip to other missions not only affords opportunity for 
acquaintance and Christian fellowship with other missionaries, and a knowledge of 
one's neighboring mission territory, but such direct, personal contact with other 
missions and missionaries, and first-hand knowledge of their methods and progress of 

222 The Missionary Visitor J™jf 

work, enlists one's sympathies and appreciation of others, enlarges his vision and gives 
new impetus to his own endeavors, while seeing the methods evolved through years 
of experience possibly saves him from ruts and mistakes of his own. 

Ere we returned from this trip Sister Cripe and I went on to Peking, that she 
might secure medical attention for her eyes. While stopping there with our .new 
language students, Bro. Blickenstaff's and Dr. Coffman's, Little Bobbie Blickenstaff, 
who had been sick for several days, passed over to be with Jesus. How our hearts 
went out in sympathy to the bereaved parents, who had so recently come to this 
new country, where so much yet seemed strange to them! But again we were made 
to realize that " his grace is sufficient." 

On returning to Liao November 20, though late in the season, we opened the 
fall session of the woman's school, with twenty-four enrolled, and continued the re- 
mainder of the year. 

The Christmas season, with its various programs and activities, brought with it 
its usual joy and interest. On Christmas day, our main chapel not being large enough 
to accommodate the crowds, we divided our audience and had services in the women's 
chapel for the women, which was crowded to its limit. We are looking forward 
with joy to the time when we hope to have a churchhouse large enough to accommodate 
the crowds not only at these special seasons but throughout the year. 

At this Christmas season, instead of our usual custom of giving out millet and 
clothing, provided by the Christmas offering, to the promiscuous crowd of poor who 
gather on Christmas day, a poor fund committee was appointed to take charge of 
the offering and throughout the year to give to the worthy poor as the need may 

Women's Bible School, Ping Ting Chou, for 1921 

Lulu Ullom 

ON account of the famine relief work and the women's court being used as 
a home for poor children, the Bible School did not open for the spring term 
in 1921. 

In the fall the school was turned over \o me, and I made my first attempt in 
regular mission work. Our fall term of three months opened Sept. 12. Our total 
enrollment was thirty-four. Most of these women came from their homes in the 
city and studied during the afternoon only. Those who came in from near-by vil- 
lages lived in the dormitory rooms and had more time for study. 

Chinese women have always been told that they could not learn — were not 
capable of learning — so various motives prompt the women to come. Mrs. Wang, 
whose husband gets only about 58c Mex. per month, arrived last fall and begged 
to enter with her two boys, one eight years old and the other a baby. I knew that 
she was coming that she might have a warm place to live during the winter. But 
every day she came to class and studied what she could with her baby in her arms. 
At first she came because, of course, that was required if she lived m the school, 
but towards the close of the term, as she discovered that she was learning and could 
learn, she woke up and took a real interest in her studies. By the close of school 
she could read Mark quite well in the phonetic script. However, more and more 
the women are coming because they really want to learn. 

Most of these women are illiterate, so we first teach them the new phonetic script, 
which is an easy method of learning Chinese — using an alphabet of thirty-nine char- 
acters and combining them to form words much as we do in English. The ordinary 
women can learn to read this in a month or six weeks. Some learn it in two weeks. 
I have tried to imagine what it must mean to these women to be able, for the first 
time, to read a sentence for themselves. Their minds seem dormant, unused. After 
they have studied a few weeks or months their minds begin to open up and their 

■(gg Annual Report 223 

very facial expression changes. They seem to have found a bit of the joy of life. 
The crying need of the great mass of these people is Christ's message of life, of life 
more abundant. You and I reared in love-filled Christian homes have no experiences 
or thought conceptions wherewith to understand how utterly void their homes are — 
a mere struggle for existence. We feel that a great part of our task here is to help 
these people to raise their standards of living — to put purpose and meaning into life. 
My part is to try through our school to do this for some of the mothers and at the 
same time to train them to go out to teach and help other women. 

As a result of the intensive work being done, by both our city and country 
evangelists, the prospects are that we will have a much larger enrollment for the 
spring term opening March 6, 1922. 

Woman's Village Evangelistic Work for 1821 

Nettie M. Senger 

THIS has been a year full of rich experiences, and God has blessed the preach- 
ing of his Word to the women of the villages. 

During the year thirty-one villages and two cities have been visited, 
necessitating traveling over one thousand li (about 350 miles) in direct evangelistic 
work. Ten big public meetings were held last fall. Valley Miller also was out on 
one trip to Tai Ling Chia, spending in all one week. Nine weeks were spent in 
classes at different places. The official, by request, gave a lecture to the women's 
classes at Yu She Hsien. Twenty-two stereopticon lectures were given, and eight 
lectures from Mrs. Pollock's Fly Chart. In all the classes lectures are delivered on 
public hygiene, astronomy, and the wonders of the heavens, to clear away superstition. 
The heads of four homes took down paper gods and brought them to me, saying they 
wanted to believe in Jesus. In another home the woman tore her gods off her 
walls during our meeting, and expressed her desire to worship Jesus. She asked specific 
questions about how to worship and how to pray. Another woman made confession 
before our class, that the discussions of the day had caused her to believe in the true 
God; that up to that time she had not been convinced. 

Now places are all the time opening up and we are getting more easy literature, 
hymn sheets, etc., before the women, and they are learning what little they can. 
When the men evangelists have preceded me in visits it is much easier to give Bible 
teaching and get ready listeners, for the men tell more or less to the women. 

Christmas week we spent at Yu She, mostly teaching the women of the classes. 
Dec. 24 six school girls and myself went out on a Christmas carol-singing campaign. 
We wore badges with the motto in gold letters on red cloth, " In remembrance of 
the birth of Christ." We sang in twenty homes in the city and all the suburbs. The 
day was a' success for Jesus. Our badges told the people we passed on the street 
what our mission of joy was, and in the homes a short explanation was given. As 
the day wore on many flocked to each home to hear, so wherever we sang the place 
was crowded.^ Christmas eve not fewer than fifty women came to hear the program 
of the Boys' School. Christmas day, in the big chapel service, and in the afternoon 
woman's meeting, led by myself, the songs were again sung for the people. Some 
women came to the court Saturday afternoon and stayed over Sunday with their 
children, to get to the meetings. 

It is uphill work introducing phonetics. The people beg for the character 
and go at learning with an eagerness that we cannot create in the phonetic classes. 
Still, we are teaching and scattering literature. While no results as yet are seen, 
" Bread cast upon the waters " for Jesus, " will not return void." 

The women many, many times are hindered because the men see no use in it 
and hinder their learning, and if the men perchance are willing for the women to 

224 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

learn they themselves don't care to learn. But the desire must first be created; then 
the mountains of difficulty will dwindle into mole hills. 

Many homes are wavering in their faith in idols, and grasp with eagerness 
the true doctrine. One big barrier is superstition, and lectures are being given to 
replace this with knowledge. God, through his Spirit, is working wonderful changes 
in the hearts of the -women, and there is no reason why, as churches grow up, the 
women should not find their places of usefulness in helping to spread the Gospel 
in their own villages. Praise the Lord for a doctrine that reaches everybody! 

Report of 1921 

Mary Schaeffer 

THE new year opened with good prospects and we planned much. After a few 
weeks' start in the work I was called to Ping Ting to help in famine work 
under the auspices of the Red Cross, and my plans went the way of many good 
intentions. Sisters Flory and Heisey, with the Bible woman, carried on much of the 
work. The time from February to June was spent at Ping Ting, recruiting for road 
building at Leping and in a grain-distributing store. In this way a little could be 
done to relieve the suffering in the famine districts. 

Home never looked so good as it did when I returned from the work at Leping. 
I was glad to get back to the work among the women of China. Thus the rest of 
the year was spent in visiting homes in the city, teaching a few who wanted to read, 
and visiting the villages. The work in the villages seems to be more promising than 
that of the city, but everywhere we must search for openings. The work among 
women in this place is new, and some are afraid of the foreigner as yet. However, 
it is our hope to be able to do more definite work in the near future. We have no 
conversions to report, though we have, those who have given their names as those 
who want to learn the doctrine of Jesus. Pray for such, that they may be faithful 
in spite of persecutions which naturally will come to them. 

Report of Famine Committee for Church of the Brethren in China 

WHEN we finally saw that famine was upon us and its effects could not be 
evaded, we realized that, the task was too big for any one agency or society 
to cope with. To avoid overlapping, the territory was divided among several 
societies. The Church of the Brethren began with ten villages in the northeast district 
of Ping Ting County, two villages in the central western district, and work in 
the town itself. Nearly 10,000 hungry people were fed in this county. ' In Yii County 
we undertook three villages and' work in the county seat, in which places about 1,200 
people were provided for. The workers at Liao selected 2,349 names from several 
villages in the hardest-hit sections of Wu Hsiang and Yii She Counties. Life was 
saved here as well. In Show Yang the workers saved a lot of people from other 
places by providing work for them, even though in the immediate district there was 
no real famine. 

From the very beginning the committee thought it the best policy to select only 
such a number as they thought could be saved through the winter, until the next 
crop was available, rather than to take all who came and feed them for a time, and 
then in the end lose them. 

Soon after we began on the above basis, other societies commenced to furnish 
relief funds, so that we could readjust our relief methods and plans. The American 
Red Cross put a large sum at our disposal and later increased it several times over. 
They wanted us to oversee the distribution, and this we, were able to do. These 
funds, with what the government and the International Famine Relief Society were 
able to do, made it possible to save practically all of the people. Old people, who 


Covering the Twelve Months Between Jan. 1, 1921 and Jan. 1, 1922 

Statistician, V. Grace Clapper 

These statistics sent from China with the other reports were delayed until too 
late to print on a regular page and hence are inserted unpaged. 




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nnin."Cl«lTfP VIRGINIA 


Annual Report 


were able to describe the famine of forty years ago, declared that this was much 
more severe than that. In that famine about one-half of the people died, but in this, 
the death rate from starvation was very low indeed. 

The committee constantly kept in mind the idea of making a dollar go as far as 
possible. We think the fact that about all the people were saved and the amount 
spent was the minimum, will testify that very little, if any, was wasted. The over- 
head expenses were carefully kept at a minimum. Besides doing the distribution 

Famine Victims Awaiting Their Daily Food Rations 

for our own church funds, the committee supervised the distribution of much of the 
International Famine Relief Committee's funds in this section and built with the 
American Red Cross funds about eighty miles of splendid cart road through a very 
difficult part of the country. Up to that time, nothing like it had been built in 
China. The methods used by the American Red Cross, which were supplying food to 
the families of the laboring men and keeping the men themselves, proved to be a 
wonderful means of saving the people. Thousands of the otherwise helpless were 
saved from starvation by this means. 

To make sure of getting the food to the really deserving, as far as it was possible 
with us, we organized the house-to-house inspection squads. Several weeks were 
spent at this and all of our territory was thus gone over, and in fact nearly all of the 
section that we helped to supervise was inspected in the same way. We gave a 
wooden ticket to the deserving families, and some one from each family so assisted 
presented this at the nearest distributing centers, and at regular periods he would get 
a supply of grain for the entire family. This inspecting was our most trying task, 
for the terrible want and poverty that we saw by day haunted us by night, and 
every one was glad when this part of the task was finished. We cannot say that 
an occasional undeserving person did not get a ticket, but usually we could find out 
before the distribution actually began and we could take this ticket and give it to a 
worthy party. 

The lines of relief were many. School-children were helped to clothing and 
food so that they could stay in school; government teachers were provided with a 
food ticket, so that they could continue to teach after the village could not afford 
to hire them; poor children were collected, taught and fed in a common mass. 


The Missionary Visitor 


Women also were brought together for study, and work was provided by which they 
supported themselves. Distribution stations were established in reach of the hungry, 
so that those having a ticket could apply for their portion. Some coolies were 
slaking lime, others mining coal, and some were making and burning brick. Quite 
a number of people were helped by the committee's urging certain business firms to 
establish depots to receive the raw materials from the iron mines. Where this 
was done large numbers were employed. Animal drivers could thus get hauling and 
were enabled to save their animals. 

When the famine was at its worst one could see that the people were actually 
trying their utmost to get through, for most of them were respectable and would 
rather suffer than to beg. They used weeds and weed seeds, leaves and bark from 
trees, roots of the weeds, trees and shrubbery, as food. Corncobs were dried and ground 
into a meal and eaten. The chaff fr,om the millet was ground and a portion of this 
chaff meal was mixed with the millet, making a very coarse food which stayed 
hunger pains without giving proper nourishment; in fact, many things were resorted 
to that people do not want to put on paper, but all were attempts to keep life in 
the body. The pawnshops could not handle all the stuff that was offered for sale, 
even at the lowest prices. Some sold the doors from their houses, and in a few 
cases the extreme was reached when a man would not only sell his children, but even 
sell his own wife as a slave to some other man. Anything and everything was done 
to reduce the number of mouths to be fed. In extreme cases stealing was resorted 
to, but usually the guilty one was easily found and the punishment was very severe. 
In one village near here a young man stole $10. He was caught and dragged back 
to the house to find the money. He could produce only a small part of it. As a 
punishment he was hung up by his wrists for hours at a time and beaten at intervals. 
This terrible punishment was known all over the country, and as a result there was 
but little thieving done. Sometimes the man and an older child or two would start 
out in search of food and leave the rest of the family to do as best they could. 
The inspectors found some of these latter in tecrible plights. 

Famine Labor Waiting to Be Hired 

Our numbers on the lists to be helped constantly fluctuated. This was accounted 
for in several ways. In a few instances the villages had gathered funds and planned 
to try to tide over themselves, but usually the strain was too long for them and 

Jgg Annual Report 227 

sooner or later they had to seek help and our lists would have to be increased. In 
other places the village would send a lot of men away to the road-building that was car- 
ried on by the American Red Cross, thus reducing the number fed by the church's funds. 
Deaths from disease or otherwise constantly changed the lists. Some cases of men 
refusing to work also reduced the list, for we acted on the plan that an able-bodied 
man who refused to work when the opportunity was given would be taken from the 
list, and his entire family as well. 

The amounts given to laborers were more than to people who were not at work. 
The women had one amount and the children under thirteen another. How well 
they kept to this in the home we do not know, but with what was given they 
came through the ordeal and today are thankful. 

The village officials were usually very good to cooperate in getting the right kind 
of people to have the grain. If they were of the bad kind, it was much harder for our 
force to do the work justly. 

As a precaution against a recurrence of famine we worked with the officials in 
Yii County, loaning seed grain that was to be returned, not to the givers, but to the 
village officials, who would provide granaries where this could be stored and plans 
made so that this could be loaned from year to year, and thus be constantly increasing. 
If this plan is faithfully carried out, in the course of a few years they will have laid up 
a lot of grain against another day of want and need. 

In Ping Ting County a loan of seed grain was made to the farmers. This is to 
be paid back to the Famine Committee when crops justify. 

Though there were comparatively few deaths from actual starvation, there were 
a good many deaths from relapsing and typhus fevers and some from typhoid fever. 
The body, weakened by short rations, succumbed easier than would have been the 
case in ordinary years. 

The village officials are not slow to say that the relief saved at least half of 
their people who would surely have died had relief not come from the outside. The 
better classes were indirectly helped by the agencies getting their grain from the 
unaffected districts, and thus keeping the prices of grain in reach of those who 
had a little resource of their own. Even the very wealthiest recognize that the relief 
saved them from being pillaged by the people, who remained respectable because of 
the help received. 

Our preaching evangelists and colporteurs are now going through these districts 
with the gospel message, and they report great sales of gospel portions and a ready 
ear to listen as long as the evangelists wish to preach about the Christ who furnished 
the love that prompted men to give of their means and thus save the starving. 
As a result of the cooperation of the Christian people from almost every corner of the 
earth, a great calamity was averted and we are praying that the Lord of all will 
turn it to a great blessing and save these people by the thousands from their otherwise 
hopeless future. 

Famine Relief Committee. 

Jan. 1. 1922. (Signed) 

Norman A. Seese, 
F. H. Crumpacker, 
Walter J. Heisey, 
Anna V. Blough, 
Fred J. Wampler. 




Through General Mission Board, $71,0C0 gold $133,904.32 

J. J. Yoder and J. H. B. Williams 280.04 

228 The Missionary Visitor $g* 

From South China, through Sister Shick, 61.50 

Loan to Women's Industrial Work, P. T., repaid, 546.81 

From missionaries on the field, 1,366.38 

Others — foreigners outside our mission, and gifts from America by Trans. 

Cert, to relief work, 1,339.10 

From India, 202.39 

Sales of grain, , 15,130.68 

From Chinese — villages that were helped, 380.50 

Loans refunded, 18.12 

Other refunds — Yii County, Show Yang and Liao, 10,261.01 

Sales of supplies, 65.96 

Sale of coal, coolies carrying same being paid from Relief Fund, 79.50 

Expenditures $163,636.31 

Sundries — salaries and other overhead expenses, 3,075.82 

Loans— (Shih Ao, $30; Chou Mu, $18; Chou Wei, $5), 53.00 

Loan, Women's Industrial Work, T. P., 546.81 

Bags for holding grain, 167.50 

Coal, 71.88 

Grain — distributed largely in Ping Ting County, 73,646.01 

Liian Liu, feeding children in school, 236.45 

Support of boys in Ping Ting Boys' School, 134.32 

Support of girls in Ping Ting Girls' School, 35.03 

Yii County, relief work through our committee, 5,500.00 

Liao section, relief work through our committee, 20,250.53 

Show Yang, relief work through our committee, 4,000.00 

Gift to Yii County Famine Relief Association, 500.00 

Gift to Ping Ting County Famine Relief Association, 1,000.00 

Gift to Shansi Famine Relief Association, 10,000.00 

Chinese church, Ping Ting, care of members in need, 252.03 

Delouser, Ping Ting, 369.75 

Lime and bricks, made by famine labor, 1,257.43 

Iron safe, 440.82 

Seed grain, millet, v 3,183.94 

Seed grain, corn, 6,190.00 

Paid on mission deficit, 1920, 5,000.00 

Total expenditures, $135,911.32 

Returned to Miss. Treas. for mission use, 22,724.99 


Balance on hand for use 1922 5,000.00 

Respectfully submitted, $163,636.31 

Jan. 1, 1922. Rebecca C. Wampler, 

February 14, 1922. 
Audited and found correct. 

Ernest D. Vaniman, 
O. C. Sollenberger, 

The China Mission Statistical Report is not included in this report because it was 
not at hand at time this report went to press. The editor hopes to publish it in a later 
issue of the Visitor. 

Jjgf Annual Report 229 


For the Year Ended February 28, 1922 
1. Mission Income and Expense 

Balances, March 1, 1921— 

World Wide fund, $ 3,843.18 

India funds (Account No. 6), 18,984.77 

China funds (Account No. 7), 3,356.18 

Sweden Church House fund 2,543.99 $28,728.12 

Income — 

World Wide- 
Contributions reported in Visitor, $ 74,879.04 

Forward Movement — 1920 (Account No. 15), 


Missionary Support Transfer (Acct. No. 20), 300.00 

Total contributions of living donors, 99,886.08 

Bequests & Lapsed Annuities (Acct. No. 16), 12.098.37 

Net from Investments (Account No. 14), .. 32,096.96 144,081.41 

India Mission (Account No. 6), 61,470.91 

China Mission (Account No. 7), 41,891.27 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8), 1,508.55 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9), 907.70 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10), 385.00 

Home Missions (Account No. 11), 13,324.49 

Total Mission Income, 263,569.33 


Expense — 

Publications (Account No. 12), 9,862.22 

General Expenses (Account No. 13), 14,405.01 24,267.23 

India Mission (Account No. 6), 151,403.63 

China Mission (Account No. 7), 45,649.52 

Sweden Mission (Account No. 8), 5,969.15 

Denmark Mission (Account No. 9) 3,379.09 

So. China Mission (Account No. 10), 586.68 

Home Missions (Account No. 11), 13,038.25 

Total Mission Expense, 244,293.55 

Balances, February 28, 1922 — 

World Wide fund, $ 20,284.03 

India funds (Account No. 6), 21,185.83 

China funds (Account No. 7) 3,639.26 

Sweden Church House Fund, 2,608.54 

Home Mission fund, 286.24 48,003.90 


2. Endowment and Annuity Funds 

World Wide Endowment — 

Balance March 1, 1921, $1,019,149.71 

Less Transfer to Endowment Annuity Account, 577,236.91 $441,912.80 

Receipts — 

13956, $ 15.00 W. Alex. Farm, $24.50 

13999, 100.00 14170, 25.00 

W. Alex. Farm, 30.38 14327, 100.00 

230 The Missionary Visitor 


14064, 1,500.00 15159, 20.00 

W.Alex. Farm, 24.50 15488, 5.00 

W. Alex. Farm, 24.50 15514, 20.00 

Total donations or receipts, 1,888.88 

Transfer by death lapses, 2,000.00 


Less refunds, 1,124.50 

Less transfers; ■ 4,800.00 

Less adjustments with Contingent Accounts, 18,500.00 24,424.50 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 421,377.18 

Endowment Annuities — 

Transfer from World Wide Endowment, 577,236.91 

Receipts — 

13923, $ 100.00 14258 $1,000.00 

13965, 2,000.00 14610, 500.00 

14012, 200.00 15151, 500.00 

14054, 500.00 15530, 450.00 

14068, 100.00 15537, 500.00 

14099, 20.00 15619, 1,000.00 

14162, 100.00 15804, 50.00 

14241, 1,000.00 

Total donations, $ 8,020.00 

Less death lapse transfer to World Wide Endowment, 2,000.00 

Balance, February 28, 1922, $583,256.91 

Mission Annuities — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 234,922.21 

Receipts — 

13855, $1,000.00 14854, $ 100.00 

13857, 300.00 15259, 1,000.00 

13959, 1,000.00 15305, 300.00 

14116, 400.00 15501, 25.00 

14341, 100.00 15724, 2,000.00 

Total donations, 

By transfer from World Wide Endowment, 

By transfer from M. & M. Relief Annuity, 

Less — refunds, 

Less — death lapses transferred (Account No. 16), 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 

Gospel Messenger Endowment — 

Balance March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — 

14705, $3,994.56 14799, $ 2.00 

Total receipts, 

Balance February 28, 1922, 

India Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

China Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Endowment — 
Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 










J™ e Annual Report jg 231 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief Annuity — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, $ 505.00 

Transferred to Mission Annuities, 505.00 

H. H. Rohrer Memorial Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 1,000.00 

Gish Estate Endowment — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 56,667.08 

D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 550.00 

Receipts, 300.00 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 850.00 

3. Relief Funds 

Swedish Relief- 
Balance, March 1, 1921, $ 137.25 

Receipts— reported in Visitor, 50.00 $ 187.25 

Expenditures — 

Sent to Sweden Mission, 187.25 

China Famine Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 74,794.81 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 6,179.57 

Refunded from China Field, 11,872.28 18,051.85 

Expenditures — 

Drawn for use on field, 20,000.00 

Refund, 50.00 20,050.00 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 72,796.66 

Ministerial and Missionary Relief — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 18,711.08 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 412.00 

Forward Movement— 1920 (Account No. 15), 6,558.12 

Forward Movement— 1921 (Account No. 15), 6,250.25 

Gish Estate— 20% of income, 680.00 13,900.37 

Expenditures — 

In assistance to ministers or their widows, 7,557.55 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 25,053.90 

Denmark Poor Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 3,944.90 

General Relief and Reconstruction — 
Receipts — 

Transfer from R. & R. Committee, 1,000.00 

Near East Relief — reported in Visitor, 2,954.54 

Armenian Relief — reported in Visitor, 1,600.15 

Russian Relief — reported in Visitor, 3,243.12 

European Relief— reported in Visitor, 11.40 8,809.21 

Expenditures — 

Remitted to the several relief commissions, ...,. 7,809.21 

Balances, February 28, 1922, 1,000.00 

4. Miscellaneous Funds 

Student Loan — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, $ 230.90 

232 The Missionary Visitor 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 

Forward Movement — 1921 (Account No. 15), .. 

Expenditures — Loans to students, 

Deficit, February 28, 1922, 

Stover Lecture Foundation — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — Int. from investments, 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 

Gish Testament Fund — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Gish Publishing Fund — 

Receipts — sales of books, 

Income — 80% from Gish Endowment, 

Expenditures — 

Cost of books sold, 

Committee's expenses, 

Deficit, March 1, 1921, 

Deficit, February 28, 1922, 

Church Extension — 

Balance— March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — by interest on loans, 

Balance— February 28, 1922, 

Miscellaneous Missions 
Africa — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 

Japan — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 

Philippines — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Porto Rico — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Arab work — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

So. America — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

New England — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Southern Native White — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Cuba Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Australia — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Jerusalem — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 

Italian Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, 

Receipts — reported in Visitor, 


$ 502.23 































J™ e Annual Report 233 

Remitted for Brooklyn work, 1,865.1 1 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 42.90 

Colored Mission — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 156.10 

Colored Mission Industrial — 

Balance, March 1, 1921, no increase, 397.75 

5. Balance Sheet, as of February 28, 1922 

Current Assets — 

Cash in office, $ 200.00 

Cash in bank, 99,848.03 $ 100,048.03 

U. S. Government Bonds, booked at par, . . 29,350.00 

Short Term Commercial Loans, 50,000.00 

Accounts Receivable — 

Missionary Support deficits (Account 

No. 20), 8,202.52 

Gish Publishing Fund deficit (Account 

No. 4), 1,324.01 

Student Loan Fund deficit (Account 

No. 4), 1,811.65 

Income Special (D. C. Moomaw Proper- 
ty), 1,603.91 

Miscellaneous accounts, 321.15 13,263.24 192,661.27 

Investments for Endowments and Annuities — 

First Farm Mortgage Loans, 1,211,108.61 

Brethren Publishing House, 121,150.00 1,332,258.61 

Church Extension Bills Receivable (Acct. No. 

19), 7,199.75 

Contingent Investments Receivable, 101,164.43 


Current Funds — 

Mission surplus (Account No. 1), 48,003.90 

Relief funds — 

China Famine (Account No. 3), 72,796.66 

Ministerial & Missionary (Acct. No. 3), 25,053.90 

Denmark (Account No. 3), 3,944.90 

General Relief & Reconstruction (Ac- 
count No. 3), 1,000.00 102,795.46 

Miscellaneous — 

Stover Lecture Foundation (Account 

No. 4), 476.37 

Gish Testament Fund (Acct. No. 4), .. 270.62 

Forward Movement Funds (Account 

No. 15), 40,573.78 

Miscellaneous missions (Acct. No. .4), . 3,254.28 44,575.05 195,374.41 

Endowments and Annuities — 

World Wide Mission Endowment (Account 

No. 2), 421,377.18 

Endowment Annuity Bonds (Account No. 

2), <. 583,256.91 

Mission Annuity Bonds (Account No. 2, . 238,375.00 
India Mission Endowment (Account No. 2), 4,610.00 
China Mission Endowment (Account No. 2), 2,350.00 
Ministerial and Missionary Relief Endow- 
ment (Account No. 2), 10.00 

Rohrer Memorial Endowment (Acct. No. 2), 1,000.00 

Gospel Messenger Endowment (Acct. No. 2), 16,506.56 


The Missionary Visitor 


Gish Estate Endowment (Account No. 2), . 
D. C. Moomaw Memorial Fund (Acct. No. 2), 

Church Extension Fund (Account No. 4), 
Contingent Agreements, 


6. India Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1921 — 

India School Dormitories, $ 2,025.00 

India Boarding School Building, 884.04 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, 5,517.63 

Anklesvar Church House, 3,036.19 

India Village Church Fund, 950.00 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 6,571.91 

Receipts — 

Contributions as reported in Visitor — 

Student Fellowship— 1921, $ 5,593.24 

Aid Societies Fund (^), 4,175.51 

India General donations, 3,579.94 

India Native Workers, 2,011.39 

India Boarding Schools, 3,629.01 

India Share Plan, 7,308.30 

Rosa Kaylor Memorial, 1,649.43 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 168.00 

Palghar Hospital, 51.00 

Anklesvar Church House, 195.00 

India hospitals, 82.70 

India Widows' Home, 32.00 

India School Dormitories, 175.00 28,650.52 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 20), . 29,712.50 

Ross Auto Fund, 1,500.00 

Total contributions of living donors, 59,863.02 

India endowment income, 276.60 

Rohrer endowment income, 60.00 

Rhodes Memorial Fund income, 331.06 667.66 

Transmissions (Account No. 18), 940.23 

Total receipts, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 

Expenditures — 

Supports of American workers, 
Furlough missionaries — 

Medical expenses, 

Special training, 

House rent, etc., 

Missionaries to the field, 



General Evangelistic, 

Bible Teachers' Training, 

Boarding Schools, 

Boarding School Industrial, . . . 

Language School, 


Training School, 

Baby Home, 














$ 18,984.77 


$ 172,589.46 


Annual Report 


Widows' Home, 136.50 

Missionary Children's Home, 506.00 

Medical — General, 1,116.50 

Medical equipment, 403.00 

Boarding School building, 11,665.00 

Building repairs, 832.75 

Bungalows, 10,000.00 

Furniture, 758.00 

Land, 13,000.00 

Native Quarters, ' 4,790.00 

Wells 1,090.00 

Vacations, 1,312.50 

Furloughs, 5,440.75 

Teachers' line buildings, 3,750.00 

Balances, February 28, 1922 — 

Rhodes Memorial Fund, 

Quinter Memorial Hospital, 

India School Dormitories, 

India Village Church Fund, 

Anklesvar Church House, 

India Bdg. School Buildings, 

Ross Auto Fund, 

7. China Mission Fund 

Balances, March 1, 1921 — 

Liao Chou Girls' School Building, 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, 

Girls' Dormitory, Ping Ting, 

Crumpacker Home (Deficit), 

Receipts — 

Contributions as reported in Visitor — 

Student Fellowship— 1920, 2,496.76 

Aid Societies Foreign Fund ( J / 2 ), 4,175.51 

China General donations, 4,778.37 

China Native Workers, 1,585.29 

China Boys' Schools, 512.44 

China Girls' Schools, 635.18 

China Share Plan, 2,153.91 

Liao Chou Hospital Bed Fund, 350.45 

Liao Chou Memorial Church House, . . . 25.00 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, 32.90 

Ping Ting Hospital, 104.48 

China Hospitals, 560.91 

Ping Ting Hospital Bed Fund, 100.00 

Liao Chou Hospital, 220.81 17,732.01 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 20), . . . 23,325.00 

Total contributions of living donors, 41,057.01 

China Endowment income, 141.00 

Transmissions (Account No. 18), 693.26 

Total receipts, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 

Expenditures — 

Supports of American workers, 26,175.00 

Furlough missionaries — 

Medical expenses, 218.96 

Special training, 200.00 



















$ 49,288.78 


The Missionary Visitor 


House rent, etc., 

Missionaries to the field, 

Contribution to China Educational Commis- 



General field expenses, 

Ping Ting Evangelistic, 

Ping Ting Girls' School, 

Ping Ting Boys' School, 

Ping Ting Medical, 

Ping Ting General, 

Liao Chou Evangelistic, 

Liao Chou Girls' School, 

Liao Chou Boys' School, 

Liao Chou Medical, 

Liao Chou General, . . . 

Shou Yang Evangelistic, 

Shou Yang Girls' School, 

Shou Yang Boys' School, 

Shou Yang General, 

Taiyuanfu General, 

Ping Ting Chinese physician's residence, . . 

Ping Ting land, 

Liao Chou Hosp. wards, 

Liao Chou remodel residence, 

Liao Chou Church property, 

Shou Yang residence, 

Shou Yang land, 

Less unspent advances to field as of Feb- 
ruary 28, 1921, 

Balances, February 28, 1922— 

Liao Chou Girls' School Bldg., 

Liao Chou X-Ray Fund, 

Liao Chou Memorial Church, 

Ping Ting Girls' Dormitory, 

8. Sweden Mission Fund 

Balance, March 1, 1922— 

Sweden Church House Fund, 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor — 

Sweden General Missions, $ 94.00 

Sweden Church House Fund, 64.55 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 20), . . . 

Total contributions of living donors, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 























$ 49,288.78 

$ 2,543.99 



Expenditures — 

Supports of American workers, 

Missionary to field, 

Missionary medical expense, . . . 

Support *of district work, 

Balance, February 28, 1922— 

Sweden Church House Fund, . , 







$ 8,577.69 

J™ e Annual Report 237 

9. Denmark Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, $ 7.70 

Missionary Supports (Account No. 20), 900.00 

Total contributions of living donors, 907.70 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 2,471.39 

Expenditures — 

Supports of American workers, 
Support of district work, 

10. South China Mission Fund 


Contributions reported in Visitor, 

Missionary Support (Account No. 20), 

Total contributions of living donors, 

From World Wide Fund to balance, 

Expenditures — 

Support of worker, 
Support of work, 













11. Home Mission Fund 

Receipts — 

Contributions reported in Visitor, 

Forward Movement— 1921 (Acct. No. 15), 
Total contributions of living donors, 

Expenditures — 

Summer pastorates, 406.42 

Cont. to Home Missions Council, 200.00 

Miscellaneous, 81.83 

District work — 

Oregon, $ 3,500.00 

Northwestern Ohio 500.00 

Southern Iowa, 900.00 

First Arkansas & S. E. Missouri, 250.00 

Washington 2,000.00 

Texas & Louisiana, 1,000.00 

Western Colorado & Utah, 250.00 

North Dakota & Eastern Montana, . . 500.00 

Second West Virginia, 150.00 

Northern California, 400.00 

Southeastern Kansas 500.00 

Northern Illinois (Douglas Park), .... 500.00 

Idaho & Western Montana, 500.00 

Michigan, 400.00 

Oklahoma, Texas & N. Mexico, 500.00 

Middle Missouri, 500.00 12,350.00 13,038.25 

$ 13,324.49 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 286.24 

12. Publications Expense 

Missionary Visitor — 

B. P. H. office help, $ 450.00 

Illustrating, 348.15 

Miscellaneous, ,...,..,....., , 66.44 


The Missionary Visitor 


Printing and Mailing, 7,866.21 $ 8,730.80 

Missionary Education — 

Booklets, leaflets, etc., 639.41 

Conference exhibits, 146.67 

Contribution to Missionary Education Move- 
ment, 100.00 

Miscellaneous, 51.16 

Stereopticons and slides, 336.33 


Less miscellaneous sales, 142.15 

13. General Expenses 

Salaries $ 10,562.80 

Traveling Expense — 

Board's traveling, $ 676.60 

Special committees, 232.46 

Foreign deputation, 302.57 

General office, 323.57 

Home Mission Secretary, 935.85 

Missionaries' deputation, 586.95 

To Annual Conference, 180.80 


Less refund Foreign deputation, 2,564.79 674.01 

General Office Expense — 

Auditing, 173.96 

Fidelity bonds, 55.00 

Legal services, 76.50 

Medical examinations, 22.60 

Contribution to Committee of Reference 

and Counsel, 400.00 

Miscellaneous, 119.26 

Office equipment, 183.66 

Office stationery, 470.20 

Office supplies, 241.28 

Postage, 808.60 

Telephone & Telegraph, 167.14 

Office rent (Account No. 17), 450.00 3,168.20 

1,131.42 $ 9,862.22 


14. Investment Income and Expense 

Receipts — 

Interest received from — 

Bank Balances, $ 1,371.09 

Farm mortgage loans, . . . . 72,610.59 $ 73,981.68 

Brethren Publishing House (Acct. No. 17), 10,778.82 

Expenditures — 

Annuities Paid, 46,054.55 

Endowment Income transferred — 

India Mission (Account No. 6), 667.66 

China Mission (Account No. 7), 141.00 

Gish Estate to Publishing Fund (Ac- 
count No. 4), 2,720.02 

Gish Estate to Ministerial and Missionary 

Relief Fund (Account No. 3), 680.00 

Gospel Messenger to B. P. H. (Account 

No. 17), 850.52 5,059.20 

Expense Endowment — 

Recording fees, 13.55 

Wenger taxes and repairs, .,....,..,., 184.44 

$ 84,760.50 

J™| Annual Report 

Inheritances taxes, etc., 61.03 259.02 

Book and Tract Work — 

Publication of tracts, 182.31 

Mailing of tracts, 227.23 

Missionary publications, 313.00 

Gospel Messenger distribution, 600.25 

Rebates on endowments, 201.38 


Less Sales, $ 32.40 

Contributions — 

Receipt No. 15596, 1.00 

Receipt No. 15597, 200.00 233.40 1,290.77 

Net income to World Wide Fund (Ac- 
count No. 1), 32,096.96 

15. Forward Movement 

a. Received as Distribution 
Receipts — 

From Forward Movement Treas. — 1920 

funds, $ 31,265.16 

From Forward Movement Treas. — 1921 

funds, 19,814.73 

Expenditures — 

To World Wide Fund — 1920 share (Account 

No. 1), 24,707.04 

To Ministerial & Missionary Relief Fund — 

1920 share (Account No. 3), 6,558.12 

To Home Mission Fund — 1921 share (Ac- 
count No. 11), 12,734.26 

To Ministerial & Missionary Relief Fund — 

1921 share (Account No. 3), 6,250.25 

To Student Loan Fund — 1921 share (Ac- 
count No. 4), 830.22 

b. Received as Custodian 
Receipts — 

From Forward Movement Treas. — 1921 

funds, 40,523.78 

From Forward Movement Treas. — 1922 

funds, 50.00 

Expenditures, none. 

Balance, February 28, 1922, 

16. Bequests and Lapsed Annuities 

Receipts — 

13846, . ...$ 159.01 14250, ....$ 14.00 

13914, .... 465.00 14306, .... 50.00 

13939, .... 452.12 14316, .... 14.00 

14059 2,707.92 14345 300.00 

14098, .... 5.00 14575, .... 14.00 

53358, .... 95.00 15127, .... 1,647.00 

14155 14.00 15396, .... 6.70 

14191, .... 150.00 15412, .... 1,000.00 

14202, .... 43.91 15694, .... 283.50 

Total bequests, 7,421.16 

By death la*pses of Mission Annuities 

(Account No. 2), 4,677.21 

Expenditures — 

To World Wide Fund (Account No. 1), ... 



$ 51,079.89 





The Missionary Visitor 

17. Brethren Publishing House 

Receipts — 

Earnings of 1920-21, cash turned over, $ 

Payment on building and grounds, 

Rent charged to expenses (Account No. 13), 
Income Gospel Messenger endowment (Ac- 
count No. 14), 

Refund insurance premiums paid, 

Expenditures — 

Transfer to B. P. H. Investment, 

Office rental paid over, 

Gospel Messenger endowment paid over, . . 

Insurance premiums paid, 

To Investment Income (Account No. 14), . 











Receipts — 

India — 

13836, ....$ 10.00 

13899, 65.00 

13936, 25.00 

14040, 9.00 

14192, 15.00 

14276, 1.00 

14277, 1.00 

14303, 25.00 

14354, 5.18 

14399, 184.40 

14400, 10.00 

14401, 10.00 

14434, 5.00 

14775, 50.00 

14811, 10.00 

14943, 14.00 

14970, 100.00 

14976 25.00 

15000, 16.75 

15072, 25.00 

Less paid by office, 

China — 

13854, $ 30.00 

13862, 27.00 

13895, 8.00 

13921, 2.50 

13922, 20.00 

13929, 12.25 

13946, 17.00 

13952, 20.00 

13964, 1.50 

13979, 68.83 

13996, 6.10 

14004, 7.20 

14058, 21.45 

14086, 23.00 

14094, 13.25 

14095, 21.25 

14106, 26.25 

14160, 30.00 

14161, 21.45 

14180 5.00 

14228, 13.50 

14268, 6.00 

14278, 1.00 

18. Transmissions 

15122 $ 30.00 

15124, 35.00 

15183, 10.00 

15199, 35.00 

15237, 6.00 

15268, 9.00 

15288, 5.00 

15334, 5.00 

15358, 17.00 

15363,. 10.00 

15369, 3.25 

15473, 25.00 

15570, 16.50 

15585, 25.00 

15586 1.25 

15598, 18.30 

15618 10.00 

15686, 10.00 

15720 5.00 

By Jr. Entry 72.60 $ 

14301, $ 20.65 

14355 5.65 

14361, 30.40 

14402 10.00 

14437, 2.76 

14689, 4.00 

14938, 4.00 

14944, 4.00 

14945, 5.00 

14960, 5.00 

15030, 10.00 

15122 30.00 

15209, 5.00 

15262 5.00 

15285 5.00 

15287, 5.00 

15330, 5.00 

15561, 8.56 

15702, 12.00 

15718, 22.60 

15748, 20.00 

15783, 48.13 

14785 5.50 



J™ e Annual Report 241 

14297, 2175 By Jr. Entry 5.73 $ 703.26 

Less paid by office, 10.00 693.26 1,633.49 

Expenditures — 

Paid by India Treasurer (Account No. 6), . $ 940.23 

Paid by China Treasurer (Account No. 7), . 693.26 $ 1,633.49 

19. Church Extension Bills Receivable 

Balance — 

Loans, March 1, 1921, $ 8,215.15 

Loans paid by churches — 

Hartman, Colo., $ 52.40 

Egeland, N. Dakota 100.00 

Selma, Va., 160.00 

Freeport, 111., 500.00 

Bartlesville, Okla 125.00 

Oklahoma City, Okla., 6.00 

North Star, Okla., 72.00 1,015.40 

Balance — 

Loans, February 28, 1922, 7,199.75 8,215.15 

20. Missionary Supports 

Receipts — 

By contributions as credited to accounts 

following, $ 51,866.68 

Expenditures — 

Supports as charged to accounts following — 

To India Mission Fund (Acct. No. 6), .$ 29,712.50 
To China Mission Fund (Acct. No. 7), . 23.325.00 
To Sweden Mission Fund (Acct. No. 8), 1,350.00 

To Denmark Mission Fund (Account 

No. 9), 900.00 

To South China Mission Fund (Account 

No. 10), 360.00 

To World Wide Fund (Account No. 1), 300.00 $55,947.50 

Deficit March 1, 1921, 4,121.70 60,069.20 

Deficit, February 28, 1922, 8,202.52 

I. and O. Brenaman 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14085, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15092, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother John I. Kaylor, India, 450.00 

Missionary Class, Covina, California 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14114, $ 37.50 

Receipt No. 15O40, * 37.50 $ 75.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Delbert Vaniman, China, 75.00 

La Verne, Calif., Congregation and Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14184, $ 5.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3218, 800.00 

Receipt No. 15574, 350.00 $1,155.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother & Sister Ernest D. Vaniman and Brother and 

Sister Lynn A. Blickenstaff 1,800.00 

Balance due new year, 645.00 

Southern California Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2550, $ 100.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2811, 170.00 $ 270.00 

242 The Missionary Visitor \™* 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, support Sister Gertrude Emmert, India,.. 270.00 

Live Oak, California, Sunday School 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14166, $ 100.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Lucile Forney, India (y 2 year), $ 100.00 

Bow Valley Congregation, Canada 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15744, $ 184.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 136.24 

. Support Brother Fred M. Hollenberg, India, 450.00 586.24 

Balance due new year, 402.24 

Nezperce Congregation, Idaho 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15816, $ 100.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. D. L. Horning, China, 450.00 

Balance due new year, 350.00 

Idaho and Western Montana Christian Workers' Societies 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14096, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15048, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anetta C. Mow, India, '. 450.00 

Noah Blickenstaff and Wife 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, , $ 105.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Verna Blickenstaff, India, 450.00 

Balance due new year, 345.00 

Butterbaugh Family 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14204, $ 180.00 

Receipt No. 15457, 180.00 

Receipt No. 15861, 30.00 $ 390.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 90.00 

Two-third support Brother A. G. Butterbaugh, India, 300.00 390.00 

Cerro Gordo Sunday School, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14849, .$ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15710, 225.00 $ 450.00 

• Expenditures — 

Support Dr. A. R. Cottrell, India, 450.00 

Primary Department Decatur Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14067, $ 22.50 

Receipt No. 15198, 22.50 $ 45.00 

Expenditures — 

One-half support lone Butterbaugh, India, 45.00 

Franklin Grove Congregation, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15356, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Bertha L. Butterbaugh, India, 450.00 

Mt. Morris College Missionary Society 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13849, $ 300.00 

Receipt No. 14848, 150.00 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother D. J. Lichty, India, $ 450.00 

J™ e Annual Report 243 

Mt. Morris Sunday School, Illinois 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15843, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sadie J. Miller, India, 450.00 

Northern Illinois Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 43.00 

Receipt No. 14073, 11.00 

Receipt No. 14134, 182.00 

Receipt No. 14812, 30.00 

Receipt No. 14995, 184.00 

Receipt No. 15633, 60.33 

Receipt No. 15767, 3.00 •$ 513.33 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Garner, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 63.33 

Oakley Congregation and Sunday School, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14994, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 450.00 

Support Sister Ida Buckingham, Sweden, 450.00 900.00 

Balance due new year, 450.00 

Okaw Congregation, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 55078, $ 32.70 

Receipt No. 15474, 12.50 

Receipt No. 15654, 213.68 

Receipt No. 15828, 100.00 

Receipt No. 15829, 50.00 $ 408.88 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 450.00 

Support Brother J. E. Wagoner, India. 450.00 900.00 

Balance due new year, 491.12 

Southern Illinois Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14239 $ 11.00 

Receipt No. 14855, 35.00 

Receipt No. 15211, 2.68 

Receipt No. 15768, 101.32 

Receipt No. 15823, 5.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3460, 25.00 $ 180.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 170.00 

Support Sister Eliza B. Miller, India, 450.00 620.00 

Balance due new year, 440. 00 

Virden and Girard Sunday Schools, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14045, $ 112.50 

Receipt No. 14107, 112.50 

Receipt No. 15008, 112.50 

Receipt No. 48797, 90.00 

Receipt No. 15246, 112.50 $ 540.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 90.00 

Support Dr. Laura M. Cottrell, India, 450.00 540.00 

Virden Congregation, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14982, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15842 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Chalmer G. Shull, India, 450.00 


244 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Virden Sisters' Aid Society, Illinois 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14038, $ 45.00 

Receipt No. 14105, 5.00 

Receipt No. 14923, 50.00 $ 100.00 

Expenditures — 

One-half support Leah Ruth Ebey, India, 100.00 

Andrews Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 300.00 

Expenditures — 

Transferred to World Wide Missions, 300.00 

Buck Creek Congregation and Sunday School, Indiana 

Balance from last year, $ 225.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2909, 120.00 

Receipt No. 15079, 106.00 $ 451.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nettie L. Brown, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 1.00 

Locust Grove Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14061, $ 200.00 

Receipt No. 15802, . ... 250.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ina M. Kaylor, India, 450.00 

Manchester College Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13930, $ 290.00 

Receipt No. 15718, 150.00 $ 440.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 290.00 

Support Sister Laura J. Shock, China, 450.00 740.00 

Balance due new year, 300.00 

Manchester Sunday School, Indiana 
Receipts — . 

Receipt No. 15275, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice K. Ebey, India, 450.00 

Mexico Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15563, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lillian Grisso, India, 450.00 

Middle Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14244, . . .'. .'.'.' $ 300.00 

Receipt No. 14365, 165.00 

Receipt No. 14424, 70.00 

Receipt No. 15790, 114.00 $ 649.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 424.73 

Support Brother Adam Ebey, India, 450.00 874.73 

Balance due new year, 225.73 

Northern Indiana Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 12.00 

Receipt No. 14240, 900.00 

Receipt No. 15869, 388.00 $1,300.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Mary Stover, India; Minerva Metzger and Mary 

Schaeffer, China, 1,350.00 

Balance due new year, 50.00 

J™| Annual Report 245 

Pine Creek Congregation, Indiana 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14177, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15573, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Support Sister Winnie E. Cripe, China, 450.00 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14069, $ 185.00 

Receipt No. 14147 40.00 

Receipt No. 15325, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 165.00 

Support Sister Anna M. Forney, India, 450.00 615.00 

Balance due new year, 165.00 

Pyrmont Sunday School, Indiana 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14461, $ 180.00 

Receipt No. 14956, 30.00 

Receipt No. 15520, 51.58 

Receipt No. 15784, 41.00 

Receipt No. 15834, 57.42 $ 360.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Moy Gwong, China, 360.00 

Southern Indiana Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13973, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 14908, 225.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2909, 20.00 $ 470.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. J. Heisey, China, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 20.00 

Walnut, Indiana, Sunday School 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14046, $ 175.00 

Receipt No. 14087, 50.00 

Receipt No. 15037, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Andrew Hoffert, India, 450.00 

Cedar Rapids Sunday School, Iowa 

Balance from last year, $ 450.00 

Receipt No. 15648, 450.00 $ 900.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Emma Horning, China, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 450.00 

Coon River Congregation, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15850, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 450.00 

Support Sister Elizabeth Arnold, India, 450.00 900.00 

Balance due new year, 450.00 

Dallas Center Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14257, $ 75.00 

Receipt No. 15044, 75.00 $ 150.00 

Expenditures — 

One-third support Sister Anna Hutchison, China, 150.00 

C. H. Erb and Wife, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15851, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Cora Brubaker, China, 450.00 

246 The Missionary Visitor \™ e 

Grundy County Congregation, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15550, $ 151.17 

Receipt No. 15755, 44.33 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2074, 779.50 $ 975.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. Harlan Smith and Family, China, 975.00 

Middle Iowa Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13907, $ 200.07 

Receipt No. 14236, 249.93 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 450.00 

Support Brother S. Ira Arnold, India, 450.00 900.00 

Balance due new year, 450.00 

Northern Iowa Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14305, '. $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Anna V. Blough, China, 450.00 

North English and English River Sunday Schools, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14227, $ 150.00 

. Receipt No. 14394, 75.00 

Receipt No. 15507, 75.00 

Receipt No. 15564, 150.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit • from last year, 58.00 

Support Sister Nettie M. Senger, China, 450.00 508.00 

Balance due new year, 58.00 

South Waterloo Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13838, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 14800, 225.00 

Receipt No. 15498, 100.00 $ 550.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Jennie B. Miller, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, : 100.00 

South Waterloo Christian Workers, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13837, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 14801, 225.00 

Receipt No. 15497, 167.00 $ 617.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother A. S. B. Miller, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 167.00 

Loyal Helpers' Class, South Waterloo Sunday School, Iowa 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13839, $ 50.00 

Receipt No. 14812, 40.00 

Receipt No. 15495, 45.00 $ 135.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Josephine Miller, India, 90.00 

Balance to new year, 45.00 

Primary Department, South Waterloo Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15496, $ 45.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Marjorie Miller, India, for last half of year, 45.00 

Waterloo City Sunday School, Iowa 
Receipts — 

Balance from last vear, $ 155.00 

Receipt No. 14074 145.00 

• T ™ 2 e Annual Report 247 

Receipt No. 14458, 150.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alary S. Shull, India, 450.00 

A. C. Daggett, Kansas 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14932, $ 50.00 

Receipt No. 15637, 200.00 

Receipt No. 15799, 200.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Martha D. Horning, China, 450.00 

Monitor Congregation, Kansas 

Receipts — None. 

Support for first half of year, Sister Myrtle Pollock, China $ 225.00 

Balance due new year, 225.00 

J. D. Yoder, Kansas 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15687, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support for last half of year, Sister Myrtle Pollock. China 225.00 

Balance to new year, 225,00 

Northeastern Kansas Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14178, $ 20.00 

Receipt No. 14918, 200.00 

Receipt No. 15771, 230.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ella Ebbert, India, 450.00 

Northwestern Kansas Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15202, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Howard L. Alley, India, 450.00 

Northwestern Kansas and Northeastern Colorado Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15856, $ 412.50 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Miles Bljckenstaff, China (fractional year), 412.50 

Southeastern Kansas Christian Workers' Societies 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15855, $ 400.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 100.00 

Support Sister Emma H. Eby, India, 450.00 550.00 

Balance due new year 150.00 

Southwestern Kansas Congregations 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14832 $ 500.00 

Receipt No. 14912, 400.00 $ 900.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year 450.00 

Support Brother and Sister Frank H. Crumpacker, 900.00 1,350.00 

Balance due new year, 450.00 

G. E. Shirkey, Kansas 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13848, $ 150.00 

Receipt No. 15262, 150.00 $ 300.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 450.00 

Support Brother E. H. Eby, India, 450.00 900.00 

Balance due new year, 600.00 


The Missionary Visitor 


J. D. Yoder, Kansas 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 

Receipt No. 15827, 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Lulu Ullom, China, 

Balance to new year, 

Hagerstown Young People's Society, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 

Receipt No. 53879, 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Vida M. Wampler, China, 

Balance to new year, 

Middle Maryland Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14021, $ 

Receipt No. 14055, 

Receipt No. 53879, 

Receipt No. 15060, 

Expenditures — 

Support Brethren H. P. Garner and B. F. Summer, India; 

Balance to new year, 

Pipe Creek Congregation, Maryland 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2016, ., 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2309, 

Receipt No. 14967, 

Receipt No. 15270, 

Receipt No. 15527, 

Receipt No. 15533, 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. B. Stover, India, 

Balance to new year, 

Michigan Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 

Receipt No. 13998, 

Receipt No. 14089, 

Receipt No. 14090, 

Receipt No. 14091, 

Receipt No. 14108, 

Receipt No. 14109, 

Receipt No. 14138, 

Receipt No. 14925, 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3467, 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Pearl S. Bowman, China, 

Balance to new year, 

Primary Departments of Michigan Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14000, $ 

Receipt No. 14926, 

Expenditures — 

Support Harold Bowman, China, 


Receipts — 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 
Receipt No. 

Middle Missouri Congregations 

13947, $ 





Receipt No. 14282, 























$ 579.00 


$ 475.80 




$ 479.03 


$ 480.00 

$ 450.00 


J'JJI Annual Report 249 

Receipt No. 14952, 43.70 

Receipt No. 15187, 15.00 

Receipt No. 15398, 8.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3061A, 160.10 $ 371.80 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 194.10 

Support Sister Jennie Mohler, India, 450.00 644.10 

Balance due new year, 272.30 

Bethel Congregation and Sunday School, Nebraska 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2432, $ 105.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3319, 21.25 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3526, 25.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3558, 12.50 

Receipt No. 14900, 26.16 $ 189.91 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 166.59 

Support Brother Raymond C. Flory, China, 450.00 $ 616.59 

Balance due new year, ... 426.68 

Nebraska Foreign Fund 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13986, ,....$ 86.00 

Receipt No. 14900 8.22 

Receipt No. 15034, 58.54 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2124, 25.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2432, 50.00 $ 227.76 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 142.15 

Support Sister Josephine Powell, India, 450.00 592.15 

Balance due new year, 364.39 

Nickey and Buckingham Families 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14845, $ 90.00 

Receipt No. 15221, 225.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3090, 180.00 $ 495.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 45.00 

Support Dr. Barbara Nickey, India, 450.00 495.00 

Bear Creek Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15029, $ 25.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3056, 200.00 $ 225.00 

Expenditures — 

One-half year support Sister Anna M. Eby, India, 225.00 

Bethel Sunday School of Salem Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13942, $ 39.87 

Receipt No. 15468 113.53 

Receipt No. 15754, 1.05 $ 154.45 

Expenditures — 

Support Esther Bright, China, 150.00 

Balance to new year, 4.45 154.45 

East Nimishillen and Hartville Congregations, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15260, $ 62.25 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 607-1561 256.34 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2890, 107.75 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3217, 280.00 $ 706.34 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last* year, 256.34 

Support Sister Anna B. Brumbaugh, India, 450.00 706.34 

Eversole Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 
• Receipt No. 14299, $ 130.70 

250 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Receipt No. 15254, 100.00 

Receipt No. 15293, 29.30 $ 260.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 85.00 

Support Brother J. H. Bright, China, 450.00 535.00 

Balance due new year, 275.00 

Freeburg and Science Hill Sunday Schools, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 45.00 

Receipt No. 15567, 405.00 

Receipt No. 15682, 50.00 $ 500.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sue R. Heisey, China, . . . .• '450.00 

Balance to new year, 50.00 

Greenspring Sunday School, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14846, $ 75.00 

Receipt No. 15847, 75.00 $ 150.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Leland Brubaker, China, 150.00 

Lick Creek Congregation, Ohio 
Receipts — 

' Balance from last year, $ 73.00 

Receipt No. 13982, " 225.00 

Receipt No. 14882, 225.00 523.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Kintner, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, . . . .' 73.00 

Northeastern Ohio Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14373, $ 450.00 

Receipt No. 15553 21.00 

Receipt No. 15858, 117.00 $ 588.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 438.00 

Support Sister Goldie E. Swartz, India, 450.00 888.00 

Balance due new year, 300.00 

Northwestern Ohio Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14196, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15539, 120.00 

Receipt No. 15644, 105.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Hattie Z. Alley, India, 450.00 

New Carlisle, W. Charlestown, Donnells Creek and Springfield Congregations, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13934, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 14662, ' 225.00 

Receipt No. 15852, 265.00 $ 715.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 265.00 

Support Sister Hazel C. Sollenberger, China 450.00 715.00 

Painter Creek Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14185, ....$ 170.00 

Receipt No. 15307, .. . . 173.50 $ 343.50 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 30.00 

Support Dr. O. G. Brubaker, China, 450.00 480.00 

Balance due new year, 136. SO 

Jgg Annual Report 251 

Pleasant View Sunday School, Ohio 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14987, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Ellen H. Wagoner, India, 450.00 

Salem Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2882, $ 355.80 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3339, 65.75 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3392, 28.45 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Minnie F. Bright, China, 450.00 

Southern Ohio Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13951, $ 870.65 

Receipt No. 15798, 860.00 $1,730.65 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 830.65 

Support Brethren J. M. Pittenger, India; O. C. Sollenberger, 

China, 900.00 1,730.65 

Trotwood Congregation, Ohio 

Receipts — 

Balance from last vear, $ 46.91 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3101 197.00 $ 243.91 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Elizabeth Oberholtzer, China, . 450.00 

Balance due new year, 206.09 

First Altoona Sunday School, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2268, $ 450.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3653, 450.00 $ 900.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last vear 450.00 

Support Sister Ida Himmelsbaugh, India, 450.00 900.00 

Antietam Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts* — 

Receipt No. 14291, $ 100.00 

Receipt No. 15042 100.00 

Receipt No. 15854, 200.00 $ 400.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 100.00 

Support Sister Lizzie N. Flory, China, 450.00 550.00 

Balance due new year, 150.00 

Francis Baker of Everett Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13992 $ 30.00 

Receipt No. 14126, 45.00 

Receipt No. 14240, 100.00 

Receipt No. 14307, 100.00 

Receipt No. 14955, 37.50 

Receipt No. 15130 50.00 

Receipt No. 15284 50.00 

Receipt No. 15679, 37.50 

Receipt No. 15776, 37.50 $ 487.50 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Feme H. Coffman, China, for fractional year,.... 412.50 

Balance to new year, 75.00 

D. E. Brandt and Family, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15677, $ 412.50 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Erma Blickenstaff, China, for fractional year,.... 412.50 

252 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Chiques Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15576, $ 360.00 

Receipt No. 15753, 90.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Alice M. Graybill, Sweden, 450.00 

Conestoga Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14112, .$ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15112, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Leah S. Glasmire, Denmark, 450.00 

Eastern Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15438, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathryn Ziegler, India, 450.00 

Elizabethtown Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14110, $ 220.00 , 

Receipt No. 15111, 230.00 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Bessie M. Rider, China, 450.00 

Everett Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2420, $ 112.75 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2889, 32.25 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3291, 267.50 $ 412.50 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Carl Coffman, China, for fractional year, $ 412.50 

First Philadelphia Congregation, Pennsylvania 

On hand at beginning of year, no receipts or expenditures, - $ 300.00 

Harrisburg Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14189, $ 350.00 ' 

Receipt No. 14190, 100.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Nora R. Hollenberg, India, 450.00 

Huntingdon Congregation and College, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3100, , . . $ 540.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 90.00 

Support Brother J. M. Blough, India, 450.00 540.00 

Mechanicsburg " Willing Workers " Class and Christian Workers' Society, 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15253 $ 90.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Wilma June Butterbaugh, India, 90.00 

Huntingdon Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3100, $ 75.00 

Middle Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 90.00 

. Receipt No. 13909, ; 9.00 

Receipt No. 14013, 135.00 $ 234.00 

Balance to new year, 234.00 

J ™f Annual Report 253 

Midway Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15339, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother J. F. Graybill, Sweden, 450.00 

New Enterprise Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15264, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Sarah Replogle, India, 450.00 

Peach Blossom Congregation, Maryland 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14187, $ 100.00 

Expenditures — 

Two-third support of Sister Anna Hutchison, China, 300.00 

Balance due new year, 200.00 

Quemahoning Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15132, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Q. A. Holsopple, India, 450.00 

Richland Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14188 $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15113, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister B. Mary Rover, India, 450.00 

Seventh Circuit Sunday Schools, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14193, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15114, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Kathren Holsopple, India, 450.00 

Shade Creek, Rummel and Scalp Level Congregations, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15045, $ 112.50 

Receipt No. 15810, 112.50 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2148, 45.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3362, 100.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2495, 125.00 $ 495.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 45.00 

Support Anna Z. Blough, India, 450.00 495.00 

Spring Creek Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15338, $ 150.00 

Expenditures — 

One-third support of Brother Andrew Butterbaugh, India, 150.00 

Walnut Grove Congregation, Pennsylvania 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14182, $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Samuel Bowman, China, 450.00 

Waynesboro Sunday School, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 600.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother D. L. Forney, India, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 150.00 

254 The Missionary Visitor J™ e 

Silent Gleaners' Class, Waynesboro Sunday School, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14272, $ 45.00 

Receipt No. 15177, 45.00 $ 90.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Neta R. Holsopple, India, 90.00 

Western Pennsylvania Sunday Schools 
Receipts — 

Receipt No. 15592, $1,350.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sisters Ida Shumaker and Olive Widdowson, India, and 

Grace Clapper, China, 1,350.00 

White Oak Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 270.00 

Receipt No. 14111, 180.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother W. E. Glasmire, Denmark, 450.00 

Woodbury Congregation, Pennsylvania 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13972, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 15490, 225.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Florence Pittenger, India, $ 450.00 

Knob Creek Congregation, Tennessee 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 14142, $ 250.00 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 275.00 

Support Sister Anna B. Seese, China, 450.00 725.00 

Balance due new year, 475.00 

United Student Volunteers 

On hand at beginning of year, no receipts or expenditures, $ 350.00 

Antioch, Bethlehem and Germantown Congregations, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 50.01 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2580, 75.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2581, 75.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2582, 75.00 

Receipt No. 15608, 225.00 $ 500.01 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother I. E. Oberholtzer, China, 450.00 

Balance to new year, ". 50.01 

Barren Ridge Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2534, $ 75.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3160, 75.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3432, 125.52 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3597, 174.48 

Receipt No. 15407, 32.75. $ 482.75 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 32.75 

Support Sister Nora Flory, China, 450.00 482.75 

Botetourt Memorial Missionary Society, Virginia 

No receipts. 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother A. W. Ross and Family, India, $1,590.00 

Balance due new year 1,590.00 

Bridgewater Sunday School, Virginia 
Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 400.00 

J™ e Annual Report 255 

Receipt No. 15373, 50.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother Norman A. Seese, China, 450.00 

First and Southern Virginia Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 225.00 

Receipt No. 14529, 450.00 

Receipt No. 15683, 5.00 $ 680.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Rebecca C. Wampler, China, 450.00 

Balance to new year, 230.00 

Greenmount and Elk Run Congregations, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2117, $ 72.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2308, 26.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2397, 15.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2535, 112.50 

Forward Movement Receipts No. 49, 137, 230, 185.15 

Receipt No. 14300, 1.00 

Receipt No. 15844, 112.50 $ 524.15 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 185.15 

Support Sister Sara Z. Myers, China, 450.00 635.15 

Balance due new year, 1 1 1 .00 

Lebanon Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 14026, $ 420.65 

Receipt No. 15240, 450.00 $ 870.65 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 420.65 

Support Sister Valley V. Miller, China, 450.00 870.65 

Middle River Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Receipt No. 13894, $ 431.25 

Receipt No. 14183, 166.22 

Receipt No. 15214, 175.50 

Receipt No. 15582, 103.28 

Receipt No. 15662, 16.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2781, 5.00 $ 897.25 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, 431.25 

Support Brother Byron M. Flory, China, 450.00 881.25 

Balance to new year, 16.00 

Leland Moomaw, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, $ 700.00 

Receipt No. 15453, : 300.00 $1,000.00 

Expenditures — 

Support of Elsie N. Shickel, India, for fractional year, 337.50 

Balance to new year, 662.50 

Myers Brothers, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3624, $ 68.73 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 263.85 

Support Brother Minor M. Myers, China, 450.00 713.85 

Balance due new year, 645.12 

Northern Virginia Congregations 
Receipts — 

Balance from last vear $ 150.00 

Receipt No. 13995, 300.00 

Receipt No. 14734, 500.00 


256 The Missionary Visitor J«g* 


Receipt No. 15673, 6.25 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2535, 178.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3461, 50.50 $1,184.75 

Expenditures — 

Support Brother and Sister I. S. Long, India, 900.00 

Balance to new year, 284.75 

Northern Virginia Sunday Schools 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2535, $ 8.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3461, 2.00 

Receipt No. 15649, 225.00 $ 235.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Dr. Fred J. Wampler, China, 450.00 

Balance due new year, 215.00 

Pleasant Valley Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 2450, $ 330.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3276, 120.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Edna R. Flory, China, 450.00 

Timberville Congregation, Virginia 

No receipts. 

Expenditures — 

Deficit from last year, $ 100.00 

Support Brother Ernest M. Wampler, China, 450.00 $ 550.00 

Balance due new year, 550.00 

Sandy Creek Congregation, Virginia 

Receipts — 

Balance from last year, . $ 360.00 

Forward Movement Receipt No. 3248, 90.00 $ 450.00 

Expenditures — 

Support Sister Mary Cline, China, 450.00 


Conducted by Aunt Adalyn 

I am handing you just one puzzle, am hoping you'll all want to talk at once 

a corner this time, and keep very quiet, next month! Aunt Adalyn. 

for the whole tribe of missionaries has <£ *£ 

come across the ocean, and they have a BRING THE NUT CRACKER 

lot to say. They have been plodding along Hidden Missionaries (in India) 

for another year, carrying loads almost i. The bey is an unpopular ruler, 

too heavy for them, and smiling as they 2. He thinks verdigris so poisonous, 

struggle, and now they will tell us all about 3. t saw M j ss Horlich tying her shoe, 

it. Every June they make this journey, 4. Come back from the mill ere the sun 

and if you want to get a life-size picture sets 

of them in the middle of. the ripe fields, 5. Maz i e G . Leraton is her full name, 

just sit down in your cozy chair with this 5. Watch Dick and Bob lick "E. N. S." 

number of the Visitor, some day after taffy. 

school is out. You'll have a big vision 7. He donated to Marckhof fertile acres, 

when you get back from your reading trip! g Stockholm, Oh, Lermark— isn't that 

I am handing you just one puzzle, a queer address? 

but you may slip it into your pocket 9. See Elishu make round cakes, 

and crack it after you get home. I 10- Two dog's tails wag on Erma's porch. 



H C. EARUi . President, Penn Laird, \ 
OTHO WINGER, Vice-President, 

North Manchester, Ind. 
tary, Elgin, 111. 

J. .1. VODER, McPherson, Kans. 
A. P. BLOUGH, Waterloo, Iowa. 


CHARLES 1). BONSACK, Acting General 

II. SPENSER MINNICH, Educational Secre- 
tary and Editor Missionary Visitor. 

M l\. ZIGLER, Mome Mission Secretary. 

CLYDE M. CULP, Treasurer. 
All correspondence for the Board should 

be addressed to Elgin, 111. 



Glasmire, W. E., 1919 
smire, Leah S., 1919 

Bedsted St., Thy, Denmark 
5 ben sen, Niels, 1920 
lensen, Christine, 1920 


Friisgatan No. 1, Malmo, 

Graybill, J. F., 1911 
Graybill, Alice M., 1911 
Buckingham, Ida, 1913 

Ping Ting Hsien, Shansi, 

Bright, J. Homer, 1911 
Bright, Minnie F., 1911 
Coffman, Dr. Carl, 1921 
. Coffman, Feme H, 1921 
Crumpacker, F. H, 1908 
Crumpacker, Anna M., 1908 
Flory, Edna R., 1917 
Horning, Emma, 1908 
Metzger, Minerva, 1910 
Oberholtzer, ' I. E., 1916 
Oberholtzer, Eliz. W.. 1916 
Sollenberger, O. C, I'M'' 
S,,llenberger. Hazel C. I'M" 
Vaniman, Ernest D.. I'M.; 
Vaniman, Susie C, 1913 
Wampler, Dr. Fred T., 1913 
Wampler, Rebecca C, 1913 
Ullom, Lulu, 1919 

North China Language 

School, Pekin, China 
Blickenstaff, Miles, 1921 
Blickenstaff, Ermal, 1921 

Liao Chou, Shansi, China 
Bowman, Samuel B., 1918 

man, Pearl S.. 1918 
('line. Marv E., 1920 
Cripe, Winnie E.. 1911 
Horning, Dr. D. L., 1919 
Horning, Martha D.. 1919 
Hutchison. Anna, 1913 
Miller. Valley, 1919 
Pollock, Myrtle, 1917 

-'■, Norman A., 1917 
Seese, Anna. 1917 
Wampler, Ernest M., 191S 
Wampler, Vida A., 1918 

Shou Yang, Shansi, China 
Clapper, V. Grace, 1917 
Flory, Byron M., 1917 
Flory, Nora, 1917 
Heisev, Walter L, 1917 
Heisev, Sue R., 1917 
Schaeffer, Marv, 1917 

Smith, W. Harlan, 1920 
Smith, Frances Sheller, 1920 

Tai Yuan, care of Y. M. C. A., 
Shansi, China 

Myers, Minor M., 1919 
Myers, Sara Z., 1910 

On Fun, Shan Tai, Sunning, 
Canton, China 

*Gwong, Mo>, 1920 
On Furlough, 

Flory, Raymond C. Mc- 
Pherson , Kans., 1914 

Flory, Lizzie N., McPher- 
son, Kans., 1914 

Rider, Bessie M., Elgin, 111., 
care of G. M. B., 1916 

Shock, Laura J., Elgin, 111., 
care of G. M. B., 1916 

Senger, Nettie M., Elgin. 
111., care of G. M. B., 1916 

Detained beyond furlough 

Brubaker, Dr. O. G, North 
Manchester, Ind., 1913 

Brubaker, Cora M., North 
Manchester, Ind., 1913 


Ahwa, Dangs Forest, via 

Bilimora, India 
Ebey, Adam, 1900 
Ebey, Alice K., 1900 

Anklesvar, Broach Dist., 

Lichty, D. J., 1902 
Miller, Eliza B., 1900 
Miller, Arthur S. B.. 1919 
Miller, Tennie B., 1919 
Miller, Sadie J., 1903 

Bulsar, Surat Dist., India 

I'.Hckenstaff, Lynn A., 1920 
Blickenstaff, M~ary B., 1920 
Cottrell, Dr. A. Raymond, 

Cottrell, Dr. Laura M., 1913 
Eby, E. H., 1904 
Eby, Emma H., 1904 
Hoffert, A. T., 1916 
Kintner, Elizabeth, 1919 
Mohler, Tennie, 1916 
Shickel, Elsie, 1921 
Shumaker, Ida, 1910 
Wagoner, T. Elmer. 1919 
Wagoner, Ellen H, 1919 

Dahanu, Thana Dist., India 

Allev, Howard L., 1917 
Alley, Hattie Z.. 1917 
Blickenstaff, Verna M., 1910 
Butterbaugh, Andrew (i.. 

Butterbaugh, Bertha L., 1919 
Ebbert, Ella, 1917 
Royer, B. Marv, 1913 
Shull, Chalmer G., 1919 
Shull, Mary S., 1919 

Jalalpor, Surat Dist., India 

Forney, D. L., 1897 
Forney, Anna M., 1897 
Replogle; Sara G, 1919 

Vada, Thana Dist., India 

Brown, Nettie P., 1919 
Brumbaugh, Anna B., 1919 
Hollenberg, Fred M., 1919 
Hollenberg, Nora R., 1919 
Kaylor, John I., 1911 
Kaylor, Ina M., 1921 

Palghar, Thana Dist., India 
Garner, H. 1'., 1916 
Garner, Kathryn B., 1916 

Post Umalla, via Anklesvar, 

Himmelsbaugh, Ida, 1908 
Holsopple, Q. A.. 191] 
Holsopple, Kathren R., 1911 
Ziegler, Kathryn, 1908 

Vyara, via Surat Dist., India 
Blough, J. M., 1903 
Blough, Anna Z., 1903 

so, Lillian, 1917 
-Mow. Anetta, 1917 
Summer, Benjamin !•'.. ] l )\<) 
Widdowson, Olive, 1912 

On Furlough 

Long, I. S., Bridgewater, 

Va., 1903 
Long, Erhe V., Bridgewater, 

Va., 1903 
Nickey, Dr. Barbara M., 

Monticello, Minn., 1915 
Ross, A. W.. care of Col- 
lege, North Manchester. 

Ind., 1904 
Ross. Flora N., care of Col- 

lege, North Manchester, 

Ind., 1904 

Detained beyond furlough 

Eby, Anna M„ Trotwood, 

Ohio. 1912 
Pittenger, J. M., Pleasant 

Hill, Ohio, 1904 
Pittenger, Florence 15.. 

Pleasant Hill. Ohio. 1904 
r, W. B., Mt. Morris 

III., 1894 
Stover, Marv E., Alt. Morris 

III.. 1894 
Swartz, Goldie E., Ashland, 

Ohio, 1916 

Native workers trained in America. 

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Somebody to help invest for profit. 

Everybody is in need of advice re- 
garding best investments. 

Nobody is a specialist along all 

A woman wanted to buy a sewing machine and she wished 
someone would tell her which kind was the best to purchase. 

A man was sent to town by his wife to purchase a suit for 
their little boy. He didn't know much about boys' suits. He need- 
ed some one to advise him how to invest in a suit for his boy to 
get the most for the money. 

A farmer decided to buy a farm tractor and the agents were 
plentiful. This farmer knew little about tractors. Where could 
he get the information he needed? 

A good brother in the church who was well blessed felt he 
should make a gift to the Lord. He didn't know if he should 
make a will, or give an endowment note, or if there was a still 
better plan about which he was not informed. 

Another man felt he knew and didn't seek any advice. He 
gave his money to a cause that soon came to nought. 

The General Mission Board is in a position to give you ad- 
vice and to use your money for the greatest good. 


1. It is the official Board of the Church for General Mission- 
ary Work. 

2. The Board has had experience since 1884. 

3. The work is backed up by the church, which gives it 

_. pernancy. 


oAs% 6 

Make arrangements for the Lord's portion NOW 
before it is too late. 

Any information you write to the Mission 
Rooms in confidence will be held as such. If 
you answer this ask for booklet V 223. 

(!ei\eral Mission BoardL 


fclgm.. Illirvois 


Church^of the ^Brethren 


July, 11922 

NO. 7 

Vyara Girls' School, India 

plllllllllllll^ jf 

The Missionary Visitor 




The subscription price is included in EACH donation of two dollars or more to the Gen- 
eral Mission Board, either direct or through any congregational collection, provided the 
two dollars or more are given by one individual and in no way combined with another's gift. 
Different members of the same family may each give two dollars or more, and extra sub- 
scriptions, thus secured, may upon request be sent to persons who they know will be in- 
terested in reading the Visitor. 

Kindly notice, however, that these subscription terms do not include a subscription for 
every two dollar donation, but a subscription for each donation of two dollars or more, no 
matter how large the donation. 

Ministers. In consideration of their services to the church, influence in assisting the 
Committee to raise missionary money, and upon their request, the Visitor will be sent to 
ministers of the Church of the Brethren. 

Foreign postage, 15 cents additional to all foreign countries, including Canada. Sub- 
scriptions discontinued at expiration of time. 

To insure delivery of paper, prompt notice of change of address should be given. When 
asking change of address give old address as well as new. Please order paper each year 
if possible under the same name as in the previous year. 

Address all communications regarding subscriptions and make remittances payable to 

Entered as second class matter at the postoffice of Elgin, Illinois. 

Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage provided for in section 1103, Act of 
October 3, 1917, authorized Aug. 20, 1918. 


EDITORIAL, . . ., 257 


Christian Conquest in Africa, By Florence N. Gribble 261 

A Medical Student Volunteer Band, By H. L. Burke. M. D., 264 

India Notes for March and April, Byr Sara G. Replogle, 273 

China Notes for March, By Anna Crumpacker, 274 


A Home-mission Vision, By W. J. Hamilton 265 

Making Religion Vital (in Your Community) Through Men, Bv Homer 
E. Blough, M. A., 265 


From Our Daily Mail, 268 

New Church in Pontiac, Mich., 268 

Missionary Methods, 268 

The Church School of Missions, 269 

The American Bible Society Record, 271 

Pandita Ramabai, 272 

Circulating Tithing Literature, 272 


The Boy Jesus (Poem), By A. H. B, 276 

By the Evening Lamp, 276 

An Old Lady's Doll, By Hilda Richmond 279 

Little Home Missionaries (Poem), 282 


The Record of Giving of the Church of the Brethren, ..283 

World Wide, 299 

^^imTuiliJiaiftiHtiJUUumisniihJii.hiuiMii.Mi!!;-.!.!.;;,: ; : ;., ;,,:.;.!.:.:. :.: l; :h-:.j,: mh'l, :/ : ::., mi.:- - :: ^ ;,,_. , ; ,:.,i :.i,hi M !.iii.i!i!M ij^.i.L^i'^.T^i^z^iiiiyiiiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiiiiiiiuiiiiii 

Published Monthly by the Church of the Brethren Through Her General Mission Board 

Volume XXIV 

JULY, 1922 

No. 7 


The Winona Conference 

To speak of the event as " The Great 
Annual Meeting " is only giving it the 
proper place in the life of our church. Size 
alone does not make a Conference great, 
but it has its part. The Winona people 
remarked while we were there that only 
the Brethren and " Billy " Sunday fill the 
large new tabernacle that seats eight thou- 
sand souls. The Brethren had it full at 
several sessions. Because of its large 
capacity the crowding that was customary 
in previous years was not noticed, and some 
believe the attendance was less, but we 
think it was fully up to normal. 

How the Brethren do go to Conference! 
Somebody had the audacity to say, " It does 
beat the Dutch!" Most local congregations 
send a representative, and then from one to 
a hundred others go along to see how the 
delegate votes. To some it would appear 
this way, but rather the importance of our 
Conference is so great that folks just want 
to be there. 

The Conference serves a double pur- 
pose in closing the old and opening the 
new year. All committees elected by the 
church come to Conference with their re- 
ports for the past year's work. They also 
come with their plans and promotional 
literature for the new year. This system 
enables the Conference attendant to re- 
ceive in a direct way definite information 
of what has been done in the year past, 
and also to be endued with knowledge and 
power for the work of the new year. For 
instance, the Sunday-school folks were busy 
training leaders for Daily Vacation Bible 
School work; college representatives were 
presenting the merits of their several 

schools; the Dress Reform Committee was 
giving leaching along lines of sensible 
dress; the Christian Workers' Board was 
furthering its plans for young people's 
conferences; the District Mission Boards 
were brought together and spent two days 
previous to the Conference in a study of 
their problems; the District Missionary 
Secretaries spent one session wrestling with 
their problems, and one of the most en- 
thusiastic meetings was held on Saturday 
morning, when the local missionary com- 
mittees came together for a new vision and 
greater inspiration for their task. This 
brief mention of what the various folks 
were doing does not half tell the story, 
but gives only a glimpse of the working 
program of the Conference. 

Outstanding Missionary Events in the Con- 

Bro. J. E. Miller has splendidly told the 
story of our Conference in the June 17 and 
24 issues of the Gospel Messenger, and 
our Visitor report is confined largely to the 
missionary phase of the meeting-. 

The first outstanding, and one of the 
most far-reaching missionary events of the 
Conference, was the getting together of the 
District Mission Boards from our forty- 
seven State Districts. Each of these boards 
has its District, in which it is to do home 
mission work. There has been no system 
of coordination, methods being in no sense 
uniform, each District carrying out its own 
methods, with no opportunity to learn in- 
timately the workings of other Districts. 
Some Districts are very well blessed fi- 
nancially and with leaders, while others 
have little money and still fewer trained 


The Missionary Visitor 



workers. The conference of District Board 
members was not an authoritative body, but 
met for the purpose of study and making 
recommendations. A complete report of the 
meeting of these workers will appear in 
the Home Department of the August Visi- 

The exhibit room gave evidence of many 
hours of labor and of considerable ex- 
pense. The location above the postoffice 
provided ample space, but an upstairs lo- 
cation is not desirable for exhibit purposes. 
One room was devoted to Home Mission 
posters, and it was usual to see Sister 
Nelie Wampler explaining the Greene 
County work to a group of interested 
listeners. In the adjoining room the gen- 
eral missionary .exhibit and foreign work 
were shown. Splendid exhibits from China 
and India were provided by Sisters Bessie 
Rider and Anetta Mow and the A. W. Ross 
family. Groups of- interested listeners 
around these workers from across the sea, 
heard the appeal from non-Christian lands. 
An interesting chart, an analysis of last 
year's expenditures, was hung in one cor- 
ner of the room. This chart has been re- 
produced and appears in this issue. 

The General Mission Board held several 
meetings during the Conference, one of 
which was to study the Africa question. 
The Africa Volunteers were present. With all 
the information concerning a most suitable 
location there was still not sufficient to 
enable the Board to make a definite de- 
cision. It was decided by the Board to 
send out a small party this fall, for per- 
sonal investigations of a character that can- 
not be made otherwise. 

The women of the church certainly de- 
serve due recognition for the splendid mis- 
sionary work they have done and contem- 
plate doing. Three years ago, at the 
Winona Lake Conference, the women as- 
sumed what seemed a big obligation when 
they pledged to raise $24,000 in the next 
three years, the sum to be divided between 
the Anklesvar Girls' Boarding School in 
India and the Ping Ting Hospital Admin- 
istration Building in China. With a good 
feeling of accomplishment they came to 
this Conference with the report that they 
had more than reached their goal. Sister 

Nelie Wampler brought to the attention of 
the women the needs in Greene County, 
Va., and the plans of the District Mission 
Board, together with the General Mission 
Board, to establish an industrial school 
which is to cost $35,000. The women, with 
great vision and faith and love for God in 
their souls, pledged to raise this sum in 
the next three years. 

We must not forget to mention the in- 
dustrial school that is now being estab- 
lished in Texas for the Mexicans. It was 
a familiar sight to see Bro. John Stump, 
who is so greatly interested in this project, 
sitting in conversation with H. D. Michael, 
who goes to Falfurrias as the superintend- 
ent of the school there. 

In the meeting of local missionary com- 
mittees the discussion was largely on the 
question of methods. In the Workers' 
Corner of this issue will be found many of 
the good suggestions given at this meeting. 

On Monday morning the United Student 
Volunteers gave a very impressive pro- 
gram. Bro. George C. Griffith, the retir- 
ing president of the organization, presided 
and presented Bro. William Beahm and 
Clarence Gnagey as two very able speakers 
for the occasion. The theme of their meet- 
ing was " Brethren United in Service." 
Back of them was an electric sign with 
the inscription, " United with Christ in 
Service." During the evening sessions that 
followed this sign blazed with light as it 
alternated off and on. Let us hope that 
the message it gave may have been burned 
more deeply into the hearts of those who 
witnessed it. 

The Great Missionary Convocation, 
which was scheduled for Monday after- 
noon, as usual was a big event of the 
Conference. The auditorium was filled to 
its seating capacity. On the platform were 
the outgoing missionaries, the furloughed 
missionaries, the members of the Mission 
Board, the Standing Committee and the 
chorus, together with the friends and rela- 
tives of the outgoing missionaries. The 
session was presided over by Bro. H. C. 
Early, president of the General Mission 
Board. Brethren I. S. Long, missionary 
from India, and J. J. Yoder, member of 



The Missionary Visitor 


the General Mission Board, brought stirring 
messages, giving us a good look at the 
world situation today, showing that pres- 
ent world relationships must be faced, and 
that if the Christian people do not give the 
world Christ there is little hope. 

After these stirring messages, Bro. 
Charles D. Bonsack, Acting General Secre- 
tary of the Board, introduced the new mis- 
sionaries. There were thirteen in all: For 
India, Ira Moomaw, Mabel Winger 
Moomaw and Mae Wolf, R. N.; for China, 
E. L. Eikenberry and Olivia Dickens Iken- 
berry, Elizabeth Baker, R. N., and Ada 
Dunning; for Africa. A. D. Helser, who is 
now in London, Lola Bechtol, R. N., Stover 
Kulp and Ruth Royer Kulp, Floyd Irvin 
and Trude Mishler Irvin. The Africa mis- 
sionaries will not all sail this year, but 
they were approved by Conference so that 
they may be ready for service whenever 
conditions permit. 

Then the twenty-five ushers gave the peo- 
ple a chance to make their gifts. The 
ushering organization was practically per- 
fect, and the eight thousand people were 
waited on in a very few minutes. After 
the ushers had brought their baskets to the 
front a prayer of consecration was offered 
for both the money and the outgoing work- 
ers. Next in the service was the placing 
of the crosses on the large service flag. 
Four student volunteers did this while the 
explanation was made concerning the flag. 
The gold crosses represented the mission- 
aries who have given up their lives in serv- 
ice; the gray for those disabled in service, 
and the blue for those who are actively en- 
gaged in the work. Tears came to many 
eyes as a gold cross was unveiled for Anna 
V. Blough, who died in China May 9 of 
this year. Gold stars on the flag reminded 
us of our departed brethren, D. L. Miller 
and J. H. B. Williams. At the beginning 
of the Five-Year Forward Movement the 
estimated strength of the church in send- 
ing out new workers was set at seventy-five 
for the five-year period. Four Conferences 
have been held since the goal was set, and 
fifty-three missionaries have been sent 
forth. To reach our goal we will need to 
send forth twenty-two next year. Can we 
do it? Should we do it? Do the needs 

of the unconverted world make it expedi- 
ent? In the first place, we can do it if we 
will. Secondly, we should do it, because 
the needs of the non-Christian world are 
growing more and more acute each year 
as we come closer together in our inter- 
national relationships. Of course we should 
not let our enthusiasm cause us to over- 
stock any one field with more workers than 
are needed at that particular place. 

Soon after the meeting was over many 
began to ask, " What is the amount of the 
offering?" Late in the evening the report 
came from our treasurer, Bro. Clyde v Culp, 
that $150,000 was about reached; $2,200 
loose in the baskets; $77,000 in pledges, and 
$73,000 cash for the Forward Movement. 
Some expressed much disappointment, and 
most of us did. However, we know some 
churches that have not yet presented the 
appeal to their members, but intend to do 
so soon. Others felt it would be better 
to wait until fall, and practically all will 
plan to give a large offering at Thanks- 
giving or Christmas time. We are not dis- 
couraged; no, indeed, for such a feeling 
would not be helpful to the cause. How- 
ever, we know that the Church of the Breth- 
ren has by no means reached the limit of 
her giving for missions, and so we keep 
on praying and cultivating the home 
church, that we may more nearly accom- 
plish the task unto which we are sent. Let 
us all be workers together with Him in pay- 
ing in the $334,500 needed for the year's 

The United Student Volunteers 

That splendid group of young people in 
the church, known as Volunteers, were in 
evidence at the Conference. At their busi- 
ness session they elected next year's officers 
as follows: 

President, L. S. Brubaker 

Vice-President, Galen Sargent 

Gen. Trav. Sec'y, George Griffith 

At this business session the offices of 
vice-president and educational secretary 
were combined and now are known as vice- 
president. The secretary-treasurer's office 
was combined with the traveling secretary's 
position, and now is called general travel- 
ing secretary. The duties of the president 


The Missionary Visitor 



remain the same. The Movement provides 
for two meetings each year for the three 
officers, who compose the executive com- 

A new step by the Volunteers was taken 
in making provision for those who wish 
to support the cause of missions by be- 
coming Christian stewards. The new 
pledge in substance arranges for those who 
wish to bear an equal share of the task 
of missionaries by providing the sinews of 
prayer, interest and money to support the 
cause. The pledge implies a life with as 
much consecration and freedom from self- 
ishness as that expected of missionaries. 

The Kansas City Sunday-school Conven- 

A great convention, with delegates from 
the various countries of the world, was 
held at. Kansas City, Mo., June 21-27. The 
large convention hall, seating more than 
10,000, was filled and many turned away 
at several sessions. The term Religious 
Education was the most frequently used. 

The words objective, training, purpose, 
trained, leadership, were sounded in almost 
every session. A new emphasis is being 
placed on giving more and better religious 
training to our children. It is suggested 
that to maintain a democratic government, 
where Christian ideals prevail, we. must 
have true ideals in the minds of our citi- 
zens, so that our voting will not only be 
right but that we will cheerfully obey our 
laws. Considerable emphasis was given in 
the convention to a proper training of the 
head. Not so much was said about the 
training of the heart, and yet it was not in- 
frequent for speakers to remind us that 
passion was greatly needed as a persuasive 
force in helping folks to do what is known 
to be right. 

The merger of the International Sunday- 
school Association with the Sunday-school 
Council of Evangelical Denominations was 
an outstanding event of the Convention. 
The new body will now be called the In- 
ternational Sunday-school Council of Re- 
ligious Education. 

Missionaries Approved by the 1922 Conference 

(Bro. A. D. Helser also approved, but not present) 


The Missionary Visitor 


Christian Conquest in Africa 

Missionary of t'he Progressive B 

For this purpose was the Son of God manifested. 
that he might destroy the works of the devil. 

IN heathen lands on every hand we see 
the power of the devil. It is, perhaps, 
unthinkable to those who have never 
visited them, that to the natives of those 
dark lands the occult and the supernatural 
are as real as the physical and the material. 
In them for generations the power of Sa- 
tan has had full sway. For them there is 
only one antidote, only one balm, only one 
source of healing — the manifestation of the 
Son of God. 

The works of the devil — what are they? 
Their names form an alliterated group. We 
might commence with the lowest, the most 
material, and the most commonplace. In 
heathen lands, where Christ is unknown, 
cleanliness also is an unheard-of thing. 
There dirt reigns, common, everyday, yet 
filthy and abominable. It reigns to an ex- 
tent and to a degree that is beyond your 
comprehension in this land of the Gospel. 
Yet the missionary who goes to these dark- 
lands must be armed with something more 
than a scrubbrush and soap. Into the heart 
of the African, in his village of filth, would 
spring an instant resentment were you to 
try to apply a physical remedy to his abom- 
inations. A scrubbrush and soap are cer- 
tainly necessary, but they can never be the 
entering wedge to his heart. They can be 
successfully applied only when that glad 
day comes, when to his heart, scarlet with 
sin and adultery, to his intellect, beclouded 
with ignorance, there comes, like a ray of 
beneficent light, the first intimation of the 
manifestation of the Son of God. For this 
purpose he was manifested, to you and to 
me; for this purpose he was manifested to 
those ancestors of ours living in the remote- 
ness of the mediaeval ages, and the still fur- 
ther antiquity of the darkness of the early 
centuries; clad in the skins of animals, eat- 
ing the flesh of their brothers, living in a 
polygamy such as has today been relegated 
either to the darkness of equatorial Africa 
or to the fanaticism of a Mormon harem. 
To this purpose, I say. was he manifested 


rethren Church to Africa 

to them, that he might among them destroy 
the works of the devil. 

And how was he manifested? Some one 
who heard Paul preach, some one who 
knew of his death, some one who in his 
life and his death had seen the Lord man- 
ifested, penetrated the darkness of Britain's 
isle and told to them the story. Thus shall 
the dirt and the filth and the abomination 
of the Dark Continents be removed, as 
some one shall penetrate their vast interiors, 
carrying with them the message of his love, 
having his feet shod with the preparation 
of the Gospel of peace, and manifesting by 
his life, as well as by his words, the Son 
of God. It was that he might be mani- 
fested; it was that the works of the devil 
might be destoyed. that tre apostle said, 
" My little children, let us not love in word 
or in tongue, but in deed and in truth." 
And so we have found in the Dark Conti- 
nents, that the dirt of the African hut dis- 
appears before the onslaught of the regen- 
erated heart," born anew because' of the 
manifestation of the Son of God in his 
midst through the humble life of some 
missionary of the cross. 

But think you that the power of his man- 
festation is thus limited? Shall the least 
of the works of the devil yield to the on- 
slaught of the Son of God only as he goes 
forth to war? Nay; there is yet another, 
and still another to be vanquished as we 
" follow in his train